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See detailMultifunctional coatings
Van de Weerdt, Cécile ULg; Detrembleur, Christophe ULg; Charlot, Aurélia et al

Patent (2011)

New polyelectrolyte copolymer, composite material, multilayer film and substrate carrying such polyelectrolyte copolymer, composite and multilayer film wherein the polyelectrolyte copolymer comprises a) a ... [more ▼]

New polyelectrolyte copolymer, composite material, multilayer film and substrate carrying such polyelectrolyte copolymer, composite and multilayer film wherein the polyelectrolyte copolymer comprises a) a first type of identical or different units (A) each comprising one or more dihydroxyphenyl groups such that sidechains are present along the backbone of the polyelectrolyte copolymer which contain at least one dihydroxyphenyl group each; and (b1) a second type of identical or different units (B1) each comprising a cationic moiety, or (b2) a second type of identical or different units (B2) each comprising an anionic moiety. [less ▲]

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See detailMultifunctional coatings
Van de Weerdt, Cécile ULg; Detrembleur, Christophe ULg; Jérôme, Robert ULg et al

Patent (2009)

New polyelectrolyte copolymer, composite material, multilayer film and substrate carrying such polyelectrolyte copolymer, composite and multilayer film wherein the polyelectrolyte copolymer comprises a) a ... [more ▼]

New polyelectrolyte copolymer, composite material, multilayer film and substrate carrying such polyelectrolyte copolymer, composite and multilayer film wherein the polyelectrolyte copolymer comprises a) a first type of identical or different units (A) each comprising one or more dihydroxyphenyl groups such that sidechains are present along the backbone of the polyelectrolyte copolymer which contain at least one dihydroxyphenyl group each; and (b1) a second type of identical or different units (B1) each comprising a cationic moiety, or (b2) a second type of identical or different units (B2) each comprising an anionic moiety. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 12 (1 ULg)
Full Text
See detailMultifunctional coatings
Van de Weerdt, Cécile ULg; Detrembleur, Christophe ULg; Charlot, Aurélia et al

Patent (2011)

New polyelectrolyte copolymer, composite material, multilayer film and substrate carrying such polyelectrolyte copolymer, composite and multilayer film wherein the polyelectrolyte copolymer comprises a) a ... [more ▼]

New polyelectrolyte copolymer, composite material, multilayer film and substrate carrying such polyelectrolyte copolymer, composite and multilayer film wherein the polyelectrolyte copolymer comprises a) a first type of identical or different units (A) each comprising one or more dihydroxyphenyl groups such that sidechains are present along the backbone of the polyelectrolyte copolymer which contain at least one dihydroxyphenyl group each; and (b1) a second type of identical or different units (B1) each comprising a cationic moiety, or (b2) a second type of identical or different units (B2) each comprising an anionic moiety. [less ▲]

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See detailMultifunctional hybrids for electromagnetic absorption
Huynen, Isabelle; Quievy, N.; Bailly, Christian et al

in Acta Materialia (2011), 59(8), 3255-3266

Electromagnetic (EM) interferences are ubiquitous in modern technologies and impact on the reliability of electronic devices and on living cells. Shielding by EM absorption, which is preferable over ... [more ▼]

Electromagnetic (EM) interferences are ubiquitous in modern technologies and impact on the reliability of electronic devices and on living cells. Shielding by EM absorption, which is preferable over reflection in certain instances, requires combining a low dielectric constant with high electrical conductivity, which are antagonist properties in the world of materials. A novel class of hybrid materials for EM absorption in the gigahertz range has been developed based on a hierarchical architecture involving a metallic honeycomb filled with a carbon nanotube-reinforced polymer foam. The waveguide characteristics of the honeycomb combined with the performance of the foam lead to unexpectedly large EM power absorption over a wide frequency range, superior to any known material. The peak absorption frequency can be tuned by varying the shape of the honeycomb unit cell. A closed form model of the EM reflection and absorption provides a tool for the optimization of the hybrid. This designed material sets the stage for a new class of sandwich panels combining high EM absorption with mass efficiency, stiffness and thermal management. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 42 (5 ULg)
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See detailMultifunctional landscapes. Volume III. Continuity and change (Ü. Mander, M. Antrop).
Bogaert, Jan ULg

in Landscape Ecology (2006), 21

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See detailMultifunctional poly( ε-caprolactone)-forming networks by Diels–Alder cycloaddition: effect of the adduct on the shape-memory properties
Defize, Thomas ULg; Riva, Raphaël ULg; Jérôme, Christine ULg et al

in Macromolecular Chemistry and Physics (2012), 213(2), 187-197

Star-shaped poly(e-caprolactone)s are functionalized by various dienes (furan and anthracene) and a dienophile (maleimide), and the kinetics of network formation by melt-blending is compared for both ... [more ▼]

Star-shaped poly(e-caprolactone)s are functionalized by various dienes (furan and anthracene) and a dienophile (maleimide), and the kinetics of network formation by melt-blending is compared for both Diels–Alder adducts. When curing at 60 °C, the anthracene–maleimide network forms more rapidly and gives rise to a more crosslinked material than with the furan–maleimide adduct. Shape-memory properties of the networks are compared in terms of Diels–Alder adduct stability. Both materials exhibit excellent fixity and recovery ratios, but the relatively low retro Diels–Alder temperature of the furan–maleimide adduct perturbs the mechanical stability of the network during cyclic tensile testing between 0 and 60 °C, whereas the anthracene–maleimide adduct is shown to be stable up to 150 °C. [less ▲]

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See detailMultifunctional role of matrix metalloproteinases in multiple myeloma: a study in the 5T2MM mouse model
Van Valckenborgh, Els; Croucher, Peter I.; De Raeve, Hendrik et al

in American Journal of Pathology (2004), 165(3), 869-878

Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) are known to play a role in cell growth, invasion, angiogenesis, metastasis, and bone degradation, all important events in the pathogenesis of cancer. Multiple myeloma is ... [more ▼]

Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) are known to play a role in cell growth, invasion, angiogenesis, metastasis, and bone degradation, all important events in the pathogenesis of cancer. Multiple myeloma is a B-cell cancer characterized by the proliferation of malignant plasma cells in the bone marrow, increased angiogenesis, and the development of osteolytic bone disease. The role of MMPs in the development of multiple myeloma is poorly understood. Using SC-964, a potent inhibitor of several MMPs (MMP-2, -3, -8, -9, and -13), we investigated the role of MMPs in the 5T2MM murine model. Reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction demonstrated the presence of mRNA for MMP-2, -8, -9, and -13 in 5T2MM-diseased bone marrow. Mice bearing 5T2MM cells were given access to food containing SC-964. The concentration of SC-964 measured in the plasma of mice after 11 days of treatment was able to inhibit MMP-9 activity in gelatin zymography. Treatment of 5T2MM-bearing mice resulted in a significant reduction in tumor burden, a significant decrease in angiogenesis, and partially protective effect against the development of osteolytic bone disease. The direct role of MMPs in these different processes was confirmed by in vitro experiments. All these results support the multifunctional role of MMPs in the development of multiple myeloma. [less ▲]

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See detailMultifunctionality : realities and local stakes construction
Vanloqueren, Gaetan; Stassart, Pierre M ULg; Baret, Philipppe

Conference (2003)

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See detailMultifunctionality in agriculture : from farmers' motivation to public recognition. The case of Walloon Region-Belgium
Dogot, Thomas ULg; Lebailly, Philippe ULg

in XXII ESRS Congress "New questions and challenges for rural Europe-Mobilities, Vulnerabilities and Sustainabilities" (2007)

Detailed reference viewed: 30 (13 ULg)
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See detailMultigoal Output Regulation Via Supervisory Control: Application to Stabilization of a Unicycle.
Efimov, Denis ULg; Panteley, Elena; Loria, Antonio

in Proc. American Control Conference, St. Louis (2009)

We consider the problem of robust output regulation for nonlinear systems in the following sense: given a system with input disturbances, we are interested in steering one output to zero while tolerating ... [more ▼]

We consider the problem of robust output regulation for nonlinear systems in the following sense: given a system with input disturbances, we are interested in steering one output to zero while tolerating an steady-state error on the second output. In other words, we are interested in input-output (asymptotic) stability for one output and practical (asymptotic) stability for the second. Upon the assumption that we dispose of two controllers each of which achieves separately a control objective (for either output) we propose a switching rule to commute between the two controllers appropriately i.e., conserving the input-output stability, to some extent. The problem studied is reminiscent of different concrete situations such as simultaneaous synchronization and tracking control of mechanical systems; in this article we revisit the problem of stabilizing a unicycle (regulation of the first output) towards a point while ensuring obstacle-collision avoidance (practical stabilization of the second output). [less ▲]

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See detailMultigram scale synthesis and characterization of low-density silica xerogels
Alié, Christelle ULg; Tcherkassova, Natalia ULg; Ferauche, Fabrice et al

in Journal of Non-Crystalline Solids (2006), 352(26-27), 2763-2771

The synthesis of silica with preserved porosity and tailored morphology by sol-gel process can be achieved by hybrid organic-inorganic synthesis: a modified alkoxide, viz. 3-(2-aminoethylamino ... [more ▼]

The synthesis of silica with preserved porosity and tailored morphology by sol-gel process can be achieved by hybrid organic-inorganic synthesis: a modified alkoxide, viz. 3-(2-aminoethylamino)propyltrimethoxysilane (EDAS), is introduced during the base catalysed synthesis with TEOS as main silica precursor. Additives with methoxy groups induce a nucleation mechanism because of their higher reactivity compared to main reagents with ethoxy groups. The nucleation model presented in previous papers was refined by taking into account the porosity of the particles and calculating the number of additive molecules by nucleus for each value of the ratio of additive/main reagent. The extrapolation of the synthesis process to semi-industrial scale goes through the replacement of laboratory grade reagents by industrial grade reagents and the scaling up to the production of higher quantities. At each of these two steps, the morphology and porosity of the samples has been compared to those of laboratory grade samples. It was shown that the texture and particle size has quasi totally been preserved. (c) 2006 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. [less ▲]

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See detailMultigrid state vector for data assimilation in a two-way nested model of the Ligurian Sea
Barth, Alexander ULg; Alvera Azcarate, Aïda ULg; Beckers, Jean-Marie ULg et al

in Journal of Marine Systems (2007), 65(1-4), 41-59

A system of two nested models composed by a coarse resolution model of the Mediterranean Sea, an intermediate resolution model of the Provencal Basin and a high resolution model of the Ligurian Sea is ... [more ▼]

A system of two nested models composed by a coarse resolution model of the Mediterranean Sea, an intermediate resolution model of the Provencal Basin and a high resolution model of the Ligurian Sea is coupled with a Kalman-filter based assimilation method. The state vector for the data assimilation is composed by the temperature, salinity and elevation of the three models. The forecast error is estimated by an ensemble run of 200 members by perturbing initial condition and atmospheric forcings. The 50 dominant empirical orthogonal functions (EOF) are taken as the error covariance of the model forecast. This error covariance is assumed to be constant in time. Sea surface temperature (SST) and sea surface height (SSH) are assimilated in this system. (c) 2006 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. [less ▲]

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See detailA Multihoming Architecture for OneLab
de la Oliva, Antonio,; Donnet, Benoît ULg; Parmentelat, Thierry, et al

in Real Overlays and Distributed Systems (2007, July)

This paper describes the work in progress in the European Commission funded OneLab project to extend PlanetLab nodes with multihoming functionalities. These multihoming functionalities aim at enabling ... [more ▼]

This paper describes the work in progress in the European Commission funded OneLab project to extend PlanetLab nodes with multihoming functionalities. These multihoming functionalities aim at enabling application developers, for example, to test the impact of multihoming solutions on their applications, or to find out appropriate parameters for multihoming solutions according to the requirements of their applications. [less ▲]

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See detailMultihormonal regulation of the human prolactin gene expression from 5000 bp of its upstream sequence
Berwaer, M.; Monget, P.; Peers, Bernard ULg et al

in Molecular & Cellular Endocrinology (1991), 80(1-3), 53-64

We have cloned DNA sequences extending up to 6000 bp upstream from the first exon of the human prolactin (hPRL) gene. 5000 bp of these upstream sequences were fused to a CAT reporter gene and shown to ... [more ▼]

We have cloned DNA sequences extending up to 6000 bp upstream from the first exon of the human prolactin (hPRL) gene. 5000 bp of these upstream sequences were fused to a CAT reporter gene and shown to provide tissue-specific transient expression in rat pituitary GH3 cells. Multihormonal response was found in this transient expression assay, leading to significant 2- to 5-fold induction by addition of 8-chlorophenylthio-cyclic AMP, thyrotropin-releasing hormone, epidermal growth factor, basic fibroblast growth factor, phorbol myristate acetate, a calcium channel agonist (Bay K-8644) and triiodothyronine. A 3-fold inhibition was observed in the presence of the glucocorticoid agonist dexamethasone. The sequence of the hPRL promoter was determined up to coordinate -3470. Computer similarity search between the rat and human sequences showed two highly conserved regions corresponding to the proximal and distal tissue specific enhancers described in both PRL promoters. [less ▲]

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See detailEiner multikulturellen EU-Bürgerschaft entgegen ?
Martiniello, Marco ULg

in Klüger, H. (Ed.) Transationale Staatbürgerschaft (1997)

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See detailMultilayer Analysis of Soil Respiration and its Isotopic Signature in Forest Ecosystem
Goffin, Stéphanie ULg; Longdoz, Bernard; Maier, Martin et al

in Geophysical Research Abstracts (2011, April 06), 13

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See detailA multilayer braided scaffold for Anterior Cruciate Ligament : mechanical modeling at the fiber scale
Laurent, Cédric ULg; DURVILLE, D; MAINARD, D et al

in Journal of Mechanical behaviour of biomedical materials (2012), 12

An adapted scaffold for Anterior Cruciate Ligament (ACL) tissue engineering must match biological, morphological and biomechanical requirements. Computer-aided tissue engineering consists of finding the ... [more ▼]

An adapted scaffold for Anterior Cruciate Ligament (ACL) tissue engineering must match biological, morphological and biomechanical requirements. Computer-aided tissue engineering consists of finding the most appropriate scaffold regarding a specific application by using numerical tools. In the present study, the biomechanical behavior of a new multilayer braided scaffold adapted to computer-aided tissue engineering is computed by using a dedicated Finite Element (FE) code. Among different copoly(lactic acid-co-(ε-caprolactone)) (PLCL) fibers tested in the present study, PLCL fibers with a lactic acid/ε-caprolactone ratio of 85/15 were selected as a constitutive material for the scaffold considering its strength and deformability. The mechanical behavior of these fibers was utilized as material input in a Finite Element (FE) code which considers contact/friction interactions between fibers within a large deformation framework. An initial geometry issued from the braiding process was then computed and was found to be representative of the actual scaffold geometry. Comparisons between simulated tensile tests and experimental data show that the method enables to predict the tensile response of the multilayer braided scaffold as a function of different process parameters. As a result, the present approach constitutes a valuable tool in order to determine the configuration which best fits the biomechanical requirements needed to restore the knee function during the rehabilitation period. The developed approach also allows the mechanical stimuli due to external loading to be quantified, and will be used to perform further mechanobiological analyses of the scaffold under dynamic culture. [less ▲]

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See detailMultilayered chitosan-based fibers for skin regenaration applications
Croisier, Florence ULg; Detrembleur, Christophe ULg; Jérôme, Christine ULg

Poster (2014, May 26)

Chitosan is a natural polymer derived from the chitin of crustacean or mushroom shells, that intrinsically presents haemostatic, mucoadhesive, antimicrobial and immunostimulant properties. This ... [more ▼]

Chitosan is a natural polymer derived from the chitin of crustacean or mushroom shells, that intrinsically presents haemostatic, mucoadhesive, antimicrobial and immunostimulant properties. This polysaccharide has shown a great potential for biomedical and pharmaceutical applications, on account of its remarkable compatibility with physiological medium. Besides, it is degraded in a physiological environment into non-toxic products, which make chitosan an outstanding candidate for short- to medium-term applications. In this respect, nanometric fibers are highly interesting as their assembly mimics the skin extracellular matrix structure. Such nanofibrous materials can be prepared by electrospinning (ESP). This technique uses a high voltage to create an electrically charged jet of polymer solution or melt which leads to fibers formation. Depending on the polymer characteristics (a.o. molecular weight, solution viscosity and conductivity) and processing conditions (electric potential, distance between syringe-capillary and collection plate, concentration, flow rate), polymer fibers ranging from nanometers to a few microns in diameter can be obtained and subsequently used as potential scaffolds, a.o. to form a temporary, artificial extracellular matrix. In the present study, electrospinning technique was combined with layer-by-layer deposition method (LBL) - a well-known method for surface coating, based on electrostatic interactions - in order to prepare multilayered chitosan-based nanofibers. The antibacterial properties of the obtained material were then assessed, and the presence of a multilayered deposit was confirmed by several techniques. The multilayered chitosan-based nanofibers produced present great prospects for the preparation of new biomedical scaffolds - such as wound dressings that could improve skin regeneration. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 19 (4 ULg)