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See detailMonitoring of the de-esterification and depolymerisation of pectins by nirs.
Sinnaeve, G.; Ciza, A.; Deconinck, T. et al

Poster (2003, May 09)

Detailed reference viewed: 13 (0 ULg)
See detailMonitoring of the dynamics of the natural resources by the geomatic in Morocco
Mahyou, Hamid ULg; Tychon, Bernard ULg

Scientific conference (2008, January 29)

Drylands cover about 40 % of Earth’s land surface and are inhabited by more than 2 billion people who depend mainly on the exploitation of these dryland ecosystem natural resources. However, it is largely ... [more ▼]

Drylands cover about 40 % of Earth’s land surface and are inhabited by more than 2 billion people who depend mainly on the exploitation of these dryland ecosystem natural resources. However, it is largely recognized that these areas are threatened by the desertification. Desertification is associated with biodiversity loss and contrib-utes to global climate change. In spite of the importance of this phenomenon, it is surprising that there is no consensus on an appropriate method to assess this degradation process. One part of the literature announces catastrophic statistics on the rate of desert extension and surface affected. Others, doubt about the methodology used by these first studies and do not find any obviousness of such an extent of desertification. The overall goal of our study is to develop remote sensing based indicators and models for the assessment of desertification in drylands. For this purpose, the monitoring of vegetation and soil is based on information resulting from the remote sensing and the biophysics data. Hyperspectral (field and remote sensing) and biophysics parameters will be established for the study area through large field campaigns combined with HR-remote sensing data. The Land Cover will be mapped using the Landsat TM images in conjunction with measurements of vegetation parameters such as biomass and vegetation cover. Hyperspectral reflectances of the vegetation and soil inside the study zone will be measured by a Spectroradiometer. Each site will be located by Global Positioning System (GPS). Several RS vegetations indices appropriate for rangeland will be studied and others will be developed. Regression analyses, between the different vegetation indices retained by remote sensing and the biophysics data will be carried out so as to establish a spatio-temporal model linking these indices to the vegetation parameters. This research has started in November 2007 [less ▲]

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See detailMONITORING OF THE ENTOMOLOGICAL DIVERSITY IN A PESTICIDE FREE ORCHARD: INVESTIGATION OF THE GEMBLOUX AGRICULTURAL UNIVERSITY CONSERVATORY
Poligui, René Noël ULg; Haubruge, Eric ULg; Francis, Frédéric ULg

Poster (2009, May 19)

In orchards, the fruit production is currently oriented to integrated pest management. In order to develop efficient pest control strategy by using entomophagous beneficial and lowering the application of ... [more ▼]

In orchards, the fruit production is currently oriented to integrated pest management. In order to develop efficient pest control strategy by using entomophagous beneficial and lowering the application of pesticides, sufficient knowledge of entomological populations is needed. Here, a systematic monitoring of insect diversity and abundance in a conservatory orchard of Gembloux was performed. Combining yellow traps and visual observations, 19 pest and 34 beneficial families were identified among the 10766 and 3985 insects caught in yellow traps and visual observations respectively. Calculation of diversity indices allowed us to demonstrate the variability according to fruit tree species and insects observation method. Highest insects diversity was registered in apple, then in cherry and finally in the apple-pear association and plum. Pests and beneficials represented 27% and 39% of the insect collections respectively. Aphids represented from 81% to 95%of pests depending on fruit tree species and observation method. The predominant specie was Brachycaudus helychrysi (Kaltenbach). Aphidophagous guild was largely present and mainly constituted by coccinellids and hoverflies. Harmonia axyridis Pallas and Episyrphus balteatus De Geer were the most abundant. Aphididae was found to be the most common orchard pests with a range of related aphidophagous beneficials. These results highlight the need leading to potential reasoning . [less ▲]

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See detailMonitoring of the entomological diversity in a pesticide free orchard:Investigation in the Gembloux agricultural University conservatory
Poligui, René Noël ULg; Haubruge, Eric ULg; Francis, Frédéric ULg

in Communication in Agricultural and Applied Biological Sciences Ghent University (2010), 74/2

In orchards, the fruit production is currently oriented to integrated pest management. In order to develop efficient pest control strategy by using entomophagous beneficial and lowering the application of ... [more ▼]

In orchards, the fruit production is currently oriented to integrated pest management. In order to develop efficient pest control strategy by using entomophagous beneficial and lowering the application of pesticides, sufficient knowledge of entomological populations is needed. Here, a systematic monitoring of insect diversity and abundance in a conservatory orchard of Gembloux was performed. Combining yellow traps and visual observations, 19 pest and 34 beneficial families were identified among the 10766 and 3985 insects caught in yellow traps and visual observations respectively. Calculation of diversity indices allowed us to demonstrate the variability according to fruit tree species and insects observation method. Highest insects diversity was registered in apple, then in cherry and finally in the apple-pear association and plum. Pests and beneficials represented 27% and 39% of the insect collections respectively. Aphids represented from 81% to 95%of pests depending on fruit tree species and observation method. The predominant specie was Brachycaudus helychrysi (Kaltenbach). Aphidophagous guild was largely present and mainly constituted by coccinellids and hoverflies. Harmonia axyridis Pallas and Episyrphus balteatus De Geer were the most abundant. Aphididae was found to be the most common orchard pests with a range of related aphidophagous beneficials. These results highlight the need leading to potential reasoning. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 25 (6 ULg)
See detailThe monitoring of the enzymatic depolymerisation of pectins by spectroscopic techniques.
Sinnaeve, G.; Ciza, A.; Deconinck, T. et al

Poster (1999, July)

Detailed reference viewed: 5 (0 ULg)
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See detailMonitoring of the intra-dermal tuberculosis skin test performed by Belgian field practitioners
Humblet, Marie-France ULg; Walravens, K.; Salandre, O. et al

in Research in Veterinary Science (2011)

The present study aimed to monitor skin test practices as performed by veterinarian field practitioners in Belgium. For this purpose, an anonymous postal questionnaire was elaborated and dispatched to ... [more ▼]

The present study aimed to monitor skin test practices as performed by veterinarian field practitioners in Belgium. For this purpose, an anonymous postal questionnaire was elaborated and dispatched to veterinarians involved in bovine tuberculosis detection. The questionnaire included items focusing on the skin test performance. International experts in the field of bovine tuberculosis were asked to fill the questionnaire and a scoring scale was built as follows: 0='ideal' answer, 1=acceptable answer, whereas 2=unacceptable answer. Furthermore, experts were asked to rank the questionnaire's items according to their possible impact on the risk of not detecting reactors. A global score was further calculated for each participant and a comparison of practices was carried out between the two regions of the country, i.e. Wallonia and Flanders. Significant differences were observed between both regions, a harmonization at the country level is thus essential. No veterinarian summed a null score, corresponding to the ideal skin test procedure, which suggests that skin-testing is far from being performed correctly. Field practitioners need to be sensitized to the importance of correctly performing the test. The authors recommend the questionnaire is suitable for application in other countries or regions [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 27 (6 ULg)
See detailThe monitoring of the ionospheric activity using GPS measurements
Warnant, René ULg; Stankov, Stanimir; Jodogne, Jean-Claude et al

in Proceedings of the COST271 2002 workshop (2003)

Detailed reference viewed: 10 (0 ULg)
See detailMonitoring of the variability and long-term evolution of tropospheric constituents by Infrared solar absorption spectrometry at the Jungfraujoch, Switzerland.
Zander, Rodolphe ULg; Mahieu, Emmanuel ULg; Duchatelet, Pierre ULg et al

in Borrell, P.; Borrell, P. M.; Burrows, J. P. (Eds.) et al Sounding the Troposphere from Space: A new era for Atmospheric Chemistry. (2003)

Detailed reference viewed: 5 (1 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailMonitoring of triclabendazole efficacy in naturally infected cattle using an antigen competition ELISA
Leclipteux, T.; Bossaert, K.; Protz, M. et al

Poster (1997)

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See detailMonitoring of urea and potassium by reverse iontophoresis in vitro
Wascotte, Valentine; Delgado-Charro, Begona; Rozet, Eric ULg et al

in Pharmaceutical Research (2007), 24(6), 1131-1137

Purpose. Reverse iontophoresis is an alternative to blood sampling for the monitoring of endogenous molecules. Here, the potential of the technique to measure urea and potassium levels non-invasively, and ... [more ▼]

Purpose. Reverse iontophoresis is an alternative to blood sampling for the monitoring of endogenous molecules. Here, the potential of the technique to measure urea and potassium levels non-invasively, and to track their concentrations during hemodialysis, has been examined. Materials and Methods. In vitro experiments were performed to test (a) a series of subdermal urea and potassium concentrations typical of the pathophysiologic range, and (b) a decreasing profile of urea and potassium subdermal concentrations to mimic those which are observed during hemodialysis. Results. (a) After 60-120 min of iontophoresis, linear relationships (p < 0.05) were established between both urea and potassium fluxes and their respective subdermal concentrations. The determination coefficients were above 0.9 after 1 h of current passage using sodium as an internal standard. (b) Reverse iontophoretic fluxes of urea and K+ closely paralleled the decay of the respective concentrations in the subdermal compartment, as would occur during a hemodialysis session. Conclusions. These in vitro experiments demonstrate that urea and potassium can be quantitatively and proportionately extracted by reverse iontophoresis, even when the subdermal concentrations of the analytes are varying with time. These results suggest the non-invasive monitoring of urea and potassium to diagnose renal failure and during hemodialysis is feasible, and that in vivo measurements are warranted. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 72 (3 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailMonitoring of Yersinia enterocolitica in murine and bovine feces on the basis of the chromosomally integrated luxAB marker gene
Kaniga, K.; Sory, M. P.; Delor, I. et al

in Applied and Environmental Microbiology (1992), 58(3), 1024-1026

We previously integrated the luxAB gene into the Yersinia enterocolitica chromosome. In this article, we assessed, by luminometry, the survival of the engineered strain KNG1024 in the digestive tracts of ... [more ▼]

We previously integrated the luxAB gene into the Yersinia enterocolitica chromosome. In this article, we assessed, by luminometry, the survival of the engineered strain KNG1024 in the digestive tracts of mice and cows. In situ detection and a count of the released strain were performed on feces from orally inoculated BALB/c mice for 24 days. This method is a rapid and reliable system for long-term monitoring of genetically engineered bacteria. In cow feces, the count of Y. enterocolitica ranged from 210 to 6,000 CFU/g of feces. This very low count was not detectable by direct luminometry [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 7 (0 ULg)
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See detailMonitoring phenological stages of cultivated crops by remote sensing in Mali.
Diallo, Mamadou Adama; Tychon, Bernard ULg

in Ninth conference on satellite meteorology and oceanography, 25-29 may 1998, Unesco, Paris, France (1998)

This study shows some potentialities of remote sensing (10 daily NDVI) to assess phenological stages of rainfed crops in Mali.

Detailed reference viewed: 7 (0 ULg)
See detailMonitoring Pichia anomala strain K and Candida oleophila strain O, antagonistic yeasts on apple surface
De Clercq, D.; Cognet, S.; Kubjak, C. et al

Poster (2001)

Detailed reference viewed: 2 (0 ULg)
See detailMonitoring Pichia anomala strain K and Candida oleophila strain O, antagonistic yeasts on apple surface
De Clercq, D.; Cognet, S.; Kubjak, C. et al

Conference (2001)

Detailed reference viewed: 7 (1 ULg)
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Peer Reviewed
See detailMonitoring population decline: can transect surveys detect the impact of the Ebola virus on apes?
Devos, Céline; Walsh, Peter; Arnhem, Eric et al

in Oryx (2008), 42(3), 367-374

In 2004 the Ebola virus caused a drastic decline in western gorilla Gorilla gorilla abundance at Lokoue´ Bai, a clearing in Odzala National Park, Republic of Congo. This decline was detected by ... [more ▼]

In 2004 the Ebola virus caused a drastic decline in western gorilla Gorilla gorilla abundance at Lokoue´ Bai, a clearing in Odzala National Park, Republic of Congo. This decline was detected by observations of gorillas visiting the clearing. We confirm that the sympatric chimpanzee Pan troglodytes population was also affected by the Ebola outbreak, and test whether the decline in the ape population would have been detected with linetransect surveys, the most commonly used wildlife monitoring methodology in Central Africa. We also evaluate the potential of transect surveys for describing the extent and pinpointing the timing of drastic population declines when this information is not known from other evidence. Both nest survey using the marked nest count method and standing stock survey of other signs of ape presence (dung, feeding remains, prints) were able to detect the decline. However, only nests and dung were reliable indices for estimating the magnitude of the decline and accurately pinpointing the timing. It was necessary to pool data across many survey replicates because of small samples sizes. Our results suggest that transects methods are able to detect drastic changes in ape abundance but that large sample sizes are necessary to achieve adequate statistical power. We therefore recommend that those intending to use transect methods as tools for monitoring large forest mammals evaluate in advance how much effort will be necessary to detect meaningful changes in animal abundance. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 62 (11 ULg)
See detailMonitoring sanitaire des ongulés sauvages
Linden, Annick ULg

Article for general public (2003)

Detailed reference viewed: 12 (3 ULg)