Browsing
     by title


0-9 A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

or enter first few letters:   
OK
Peer Reviewed
See detailIs the Darwin´s “Abominable Mystery” still a mystery?
Cascales-Miñana, Borja ULg; Cleal, Chris J.; Gerrienne, Philippe ULg

in Proceedings of the XXXI Annual Meeting of the Spanish Society of Palaeontology (abstract book) (2015, October)

Detailed reference viewed: 9 (3 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailIs the decrease of central venous compliance the factor responsible for salt sensitivity?
Krzesinski, Jean-Marie ULg; Rorive, Georges ULg

in Journal of Hypertension (Supplement) (1986), 4

To detect the possible mechanisms of salt sensitivity, blood pressure (BP), renal biological and red blood cell (RBC) ionic fluxes, responses were studied in 20 normotensive males (<30 years old), after ... [more ▼]

To detect the possible mechanisms of salt sensitivity, blood pressure (BP), renal biological and red blood cell (RBC) ionic fluxes, responses were studied in 20 normotensive males (<30 years old), after acute isotonie saline infusion (1 litre in less than 30 min). Salt sensitivity was considered to be present if mean supine BP increased by more than 9 mmHg when the salt diet, which was applied each time for 1 week, increased from less than 20 mmol/l NaCI per day to more than 340 mmol/l. Three subgroups were defined: eight salt-sensitives (SS), 10 salt-resistants (SR) and two patients with only a very slight BP increase. ln each group (SS or SR), the same percentage of family history of hypertension was noted (60%). During the normal diet (± 170 mmol/l NaCl per day), vascular resistances were lower , and creatinine clearance higher in SS (26 ± 8 units, and 122 ± 6 ml/min, respectively) than in SR (48 ± 1 units and 102 ± 1 ml/min). As other markers of greater salt overloading could not be detected in SS, these differences could be due to higher cardiac volume ejection in SS than in SR (heart rate was the same in the two populations. During acute salt loading, mean BP rase in SS (tram 88 ± 6 to 93 ± 7 mmHg), while it decreased in SR (from 85 ± 10 to 81 ± 10 mmHg, P < 0.05). During the same period RBC Na+K+-ATPase activity decreased more in SS (from 3970 ± 715 to 3312 ± 452 umol/l cell per h) than in SR (from 4430 ± 550 to 4300 ± 520). Moreover, during chronic oral salt loading (> 340 mmol/l NaCl per day) , SS showed a greater BP increase during noradrenaline (NE) infusion (10 ± 6 mmHg for 60 ng/min per kg NA) than in SR (5 ± 3 mmHg, P < 0.02). In conclusion, salt sensitivity is already present in young normotensives. It could be due to a higher sympathetic venous tone , which in turn would increase cardiac output and secretio n of a plasma Na+K+-pump inhibitor. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 19 (0 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailIs the external beam PIXE method suitable for determining ancient silver artifact fineness?
Weber, Georges ULg; Guillaume, J.; Strivay, David ULg et al

in Nuclear Instruments & Methods in Physics Research Section B (2000), 161

In archeometry, the non-destructive characteristic of an analytical method is always very attractive. For most of techniques, besides the need of sampling, difficulties can originate from the shape and ... [more ▼]

In archeometry, the non-destructive characteristic of an analytical method is always very attractive. For most of techniques, besides the need of sampling, difficulties can originate from the shape and the size of the silver artifacts to be analyzed. The external PIXE method should be an answer to this problem but several questions are arising from the implementation of the technique to such a material. The aim of this paper is to specify the experimental procedure as to take into account several parameters, which could induce dramatic errors. Among them it can be pointed out the superficial enrichment in silver, arising from the dissolution of copper and copper oxide, the surface roughness effects, the great importance of the stability of the geometric conditions. The accuracy and the precision of the method are considered within the scope of the results obtained in ancient times by the cupellation with ashbone cupels. In addition. the process involved to obtain silver alloys has been studied in order to define its influence on the real fineness of the objects. (C) 2000 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 21 (3 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailIs the feeling of familiarity driven by weak recollection as well as by an independent familiarity mechanism?
Montaldi, Daniela; Bastin, Christine ULg; Venables, Louise et al

in Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience (2003), 15(Supplemental), 179

The aim of this experiment is to examine how recollection and familiarity change over time and whether there is a qualitative difference between familiar items that were previously recollected and items ... [more ▼]

The aim of this experiment is to examine how recollection and familiarity change over time and whether there is a qualitative difference between familiar items that were previously recollected and items that have always been familiar. It might be that, when an item is initially recollected and becomes just familiar after a delay, this form of familiarity is actually a weak and partial recollection, qualitatively different from mere familiarity. To address this issue, a task have been developed in which, at study, participants encoded two series of 100 pictures representing scenes under respectively shallow and deep encoding conditions. Memory for these pictures was tested by means of a yes-no recognition test. Recognised items were classified as recollected or as familiar. Half of the pictures from each encoding condition were tested after 10 minutes and the other half were tested after 2 days. The results indicated that recollection decreased after 2 days while familiarity increased (deep encoding condition) or did not change (shallow encoding condition). This suggests that, among the items judged as familiar after 2 days, some items would have been recollected after 10 minutes and some were initially already familiar. Because deep encoding produced a higher proportion of recollection at the 10-minute interval, the proportion of recollection-changed-into-familiarity responses should be greater in this condition than in the shallow encoding condition. Whether there is a qualitative difference between these responses and pure familiarity responses should be explored in a fMRI experiment. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 46 (0 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailIs the fishery of the introduced Tanganyika sardine (Limnothrissa miodon) in Lake Kivu (East Africa) sustainable?
Guillard, J.; Darchambeau, François ULg; Mulungula, P. M. et al

in Journal of Great Lakes Research (2012), 38(3), 524-533

Limnothrissa miodon, a small pelagic clupeid fish introduced at the end of the 1950s into Lake Kivu, became an important resource for the human populations of this area. The total stock of pelagic fish ... [more ▼]

Limnothrissa miodon, a small pelagic clupeid fish introduced at the end of the 1950s into Lake Kivu, became an important resource for the human populations of this area. The total stock of pelagic fish populations of this lake was estimated in 2008 by two hydroacoustic surveys, using an EK60 split-beam sounder (frequency 70. kHz). The total fish stocks were estimated to be approximately 5000. t in the rainy season and 6000 tons in the dry season. These values are similar to previous estimations performed in the 1980s. During 2008, the stock did not fluctuate throughout the seasons; however, the spatial distributions were different in the two hydrological seasons. Interestingly, the L. miodon stock has appeared to remain stable over the last two decades, which suggests that the pelagic fishery in Lake Kivu has not been overexploited and that it is sustainable. © 2012 Elsevier B.V. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 35 (2 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailIs the fishing village of Phan Thiet victim of climate change ?
Ozer, Pierre ULg

in Geo-Eco-Trop : Revue Internationale de Géologie, de Géographie et d'Ecologie Tropicales (2012), 36

Warming of the climate system is unequivocal, as it is now evident from observations of increases in global average air and ocean temperatures, widespread melting of snow and ice and rising global average ... [more ▼]

Warming of the climate system is unequivocal, as it is now evident from observations of increases in global average air and ocean temperatures, widespread melting of snow and ice and rising global average sea level. In this framework, sea level rise is virtually certain. This will impact ecosystems, coastal areas, human health, and economies. Vietnam is very likely to be one of the most affected countries with its 3200 km of shorelines with amplified vulnerability in large areas already affected by subsidence such as the Mekong and Red River deltas. In January 2009, international broadcast news have relayed the information that 27 houses located on the southern coast of Vietnam, in the fishing village of Phan Thiet, 200 km east of Ho Chi Minh City, have collapsed and that another hundred buildings were also threatened of destruction. According to experts, this event was definitely one of the consequences of global warning. This article shows, using the multi dates of Google Earth, that this assumption is not correct and highlights the real causes of this rapid and inevitable retreat of the coastline in this village, namely the mismanagement of natural resources, the lack of land use planning and the non-existence of policies focused on natural hazard management in the uncontrolled construction the seaside resort of Mui Ne, a few kilometers east. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 153 (20 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailIs the geographic variation in size of American eel Anguilla rostrata elvers due to genetic differentiation?
Jamandre, Brian Wade ULg

in International Aquatic Research (2011), 3

Elvers of the American eel Anguilla rostrata collected along the east coasts of North America and Haiti exhibited geographic variations in age and size at time of arrival at estuaries and in duration of ... [more ▼]

Elvers of the American eel Anguilla rostrata collected along the east coasts of North America and Haiti exhibited geographic variations in age and size at time of arrival at estuaries and in duration of glass eels as well as their growth rate, based on a previous otolith study. They were able to divide into two groups: the northern large size group and the southern small size group. Thus, this study aims to understand whether the geographic variation in size of elvers is due to genetic differentiation by using microsatellite DNA. A total of 216 elvers of A.rostrata, collected from 6 estuaries along the Atlantic coasts of Central and North America,were used for the microsatellite DNA (6 loci) analysis. The genetic analyses indicated that there were no geographical isolation in genetic structures between the northern and southern groups (FCT = -0.00101; P = 0.507), although there was a weak significant difference among sampling locations (FST = 0.00538; P < 0.05). The differences were patchy and did not correspond to the geographic difference in size of elvers. Integrating the preious otolith daily growth increment (ring) analyses and genetic data suggested that the geographic variation in size of the elver at estuarine arrival between these two groups was not due to genetic differentiation but to the distance of the estuaries from the spawning ground and latitudinal difference in coastal water temperatures. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 14 (1 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailIs the Greenland ice sheet beginning to melt?
Gallée, Hubert; Fettweis, Xavier ULg

in La Lettre « Changement Global » PIGB - PMRC France (2008), 21

Using a new evaluation of satellite data, and simula- tions carried out with a regional climate model, it has been shown that the acceleration of surface melting of the Greenland ice sheet during the 1979 ... [more ▼]

Using a new evaluation of satellite data, and simula- tions carried out with a regional climate model, it has been shown that the acceleration of surface melting of the Greenland ice sheet during the 1979-2005 period was twice as rapid as earlier studies had estimated. Between 1979 and 2005, the area of Greenland affected by melt at least one day per year in fact increased by 42%, and the average summer tempera- ture rose by 2.4°C. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 12 (3 ULg)
See detailIs the Hagberg Falling Number always linked to the a - amylase activity of wheat ?
Lenartz, Jonathan; Massaux, Carine; Sinnaeve, Georges et al

Scientific conference (2002, September 25)

Detailed reference viewed: 28 (1 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailIs the KIID sufficient to associate portfolios to investor profiles?
Hübner, Georges ULg

in Bankers, Markets, Investors (2012), (118), 14-22

With the Key Investor Information Document (KID), the new UCITS IV framework brings a useful standardized and simplified scheme to explain the risk of mutual funds to non-professional investors. The ... [more ▼]

With the Key Investor Information Document (KID), the new UCITS IV framework brings a useful standardized and simplified scheme to explain the risk of mutual funds to non-professional investors. The Synthetic Risk and Reward Indicator (SRRI) methodology defines how to assess a volatility equivalent for each type of funds, and recognizes the specificities of various types of investment vehicles in the process. The SRRI rests upon two key principles: (i) risk-volatility mapping: the level of risk can be adequately translated by the volatility of returns; and (ii) reward to volatility: there must be a positive connection between the level of risk borne by the individual investor and the associated reward in terms of returns. We show that the SRRI methodology does not guarantee that these two principles are respected in practice. By forcing any type of risk to be translated into a volatility estimate, the approach overlooks investor’s heterogeneity in the definition of risk. The SRRI synthetic approach is powerless to adequately reflect the trade-off between normal and extreme risks the way it is perceived by individual investors. It also ignores that fund returns are not necessarily only related to volatility. We show that the KID does not replace a proper investment profiling system. The analysis of investor profiles is a necessary complement to the KID in order to provide adequate advice to investors. We provide an approach, based on the linear-exponential utility function, that enables the financial advisor to address the heterogeneity of investors when defining the risk of an investment portfolio. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 192 (26 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailIs the Mehler reaction the main photoprotective mechanism occurring in Symbiodinium in hospite?
Roberty, Stéphane ULg; Beraud, Eric; Ferrier-Pagès, Christine et al

Poster (2015, August)

The ecological success of reef-building corals throughout tropical oligotrophic waters relies on the symbiosis between cnidarians and photosynthetic dinoflagellates of the genus Symbiodinium. This ... [more ▼]

The ecological success of reef-building corals throughout tropical oligotrophic waters relies on the symbiosis between cnidarians and photosynthetic dinoflagellates of the genus Symbiodinium. This association allows the transfer of highly energetic compounds and an efficient recycling of growth-limiting nutrients. In the natural environment the holobiont have to cope with significant daily variations in light intensities that sometimes exceed Symbiodinium photosynthetic capacity. Fortunately, these organisms possess regulatory features that help to ensure that high light intensities can be endured without the accumulation of photodamage. Among them, it has been found recently that photoreduction of oxygen downstream PSI by the so-called Mehler reaction was the main alternative electron sink at the onset and steady state of photosynthesis in different cultured strains of Symbiodinium. In this study, we investigated the occurrence and the relative amplitude of this photoprotective mechanism in Symbiodinium cells living within the tropical coral Stylophora pistillata and the sea anemone Anemonia viridis. To this end, joint measurements of oxygen evolution, PSI and PSII activities were conducted. The impacts of CO2 limitation and CO2 fixation on the photoreduction of oxygen by PSI was also studied by using several inhibitors targeting the carbon concentrating mechanism and the Calvin-Benson-Bassham cycle. Conversely to cultured cells, these measurements revealed that the Symbiodinium located in S. pistillata, under control conditions, rely on other photoprotective mechanisms than the Mehler reaction to prevent over-excitation of the photosynthetic apparatus. However, we observed an increased O2 uptake capacity during photosynthesis when the efficiency of the carbon fixation was reduced in S. pistillata. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 53 (7 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailIs the multicolored Asian ladybeetle, Harmonia axyridis, the most abundant natural enemy to aphids in agroecosystems?
Vandereycken, Axel ULg; Durieux, Delphine ULg; Joie, Emilie ULg et al

in Journal of Insect Science [=JIS] (2013), 13(158), 1-14

The multicolored Asian ladybeetle, Harmonia axyridis Pallas (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae), was introduced into Western Europe in the late 1990s. Since the late 2000s, this species has been commonly ... [more ▼]

The multicolored Asian ladybeetle, Harmonia axyridis Pallas (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae), was introduced into Western Europe in the late 1990s. Since the late 2000s, this species has been commonly considered one of the most abundant aphid predators in most Western European coun- tries. In spite of the large amount of research on H. axyridis, information concerning its relative abundance in agroecosystems is lacking. This study aims to evaluate the abundance of H. axyridis within the aphidophage community in four crops situated in southern Belgium: wheat, Triticum aestivum L. (Poales: Poaceae), corn, Zea mays, potato, Solanum tuberosum (Solanales: Solanaceae), and broad bean Vicia faba (Fabales: Fabaceae). In order to assess the species diver- sity, the collected data were analyzed by considering (1) the species richness and (2) the evenness according to the Shannon diversity index. Eleven aphidophages were observed in every invento- ried agroecosystem, including five abundant species: three coccinellids, the seven-spotted ladybug, Coccinella septempunctata L. (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae), the 14-spotted Ladybird, Propylea quatuordecimpunctata, and H. axyridis; one hoverfly, the marmalade hoverfly, Episyr- phus balteatus De Geer (Diptera: Syrphidae); and one lacewing, the common green lacewing, Chrysoperla carnea Stephens sensu lato (= s.l.) (Neuroptera: Chrysopidae). Harmonia axyridis has been observed to thrive, breed, and reproduce on the four studied crops. Harmonia axyridis is the most abundant predator of aphids in corn followed by C. septempunctata, which is the main aphid predator observed in the three other inventoried crops. In wheat and potato fields, H. axyridis occurs in low numbers compared to other aphidophage. These observations suggest that H. axyridis could be considered an invasive species of agrosystems, and that potato and wheat may intermittently act as refuges for other aphidophages vulnerable to intraguild predation by this invader. Harmonia axyridis is not the most abundant aphid predator in the main Belgian crops. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 50 (12 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailIs the natural shape of ions in the gas phase spherical ? The allegory of the cave (Plato) applied in mass spectrometry
Far, Johann ULg; Haler, Jean ULg; Kune, Christopher ULg et al

Conference (2015, May 13)

The transfer of ions from solution to gas phase is a critical step to produce « native species ». Coming from a highly solvating medium, ionic species will tend to find new equilibrium conformations in ... [more ▼]

The transfer of ions from solution to gas phase is a critical step to produce « native species ». Coming from a highly solvating medium, ionic species will tend to find new equilibrium conformations in the gas phase. The pathway to reach the thermodynamically stable conformation(s) involves crossing potential barriers according to the type of interactions involved. When these barriers are too high compared to the internal energy of the ions, it may result in a “partial memory” (as structural preservation) of the conformation in solution. In order to evaluate the effect of the solvent evaporation and of the various collision processes encountered by the ions in the mass spectrometer we based our strategy on the determination of deviations from a spherical shape, supposed to be the natural state of ions in the gas phase. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 52 (19 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailIs the neutrophil a worthy target in severe asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease?
Louis, Renaud ULg; Djukanovic, R.

in Clinical & Experimental Allergy : Journal of the British Society for Allergy & Clinical Immunology (2006), 36(5), 563-567

Detailed reference viewed: 6 (1 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailIs the Nociception Coma Scale-Revised a Useful Clinical Tool for Managing Pain in Patients with Disorders of Consciousness?
Chatelle, Camille ULg; De Val, Marie Daniele; Catano, Antonio et al

in The Clinical journal of pain (2016)

OBJECTIVES: Our objective was to assess the clinical interest of the Nociception Coma Scale Revised (NCS-R) in pain management of patients with disorders of consciousness. METHODS: Thirty-nine patients ... [more ▼]

OBJECTIVES: Our objective was to assess the clinical interest of the Nociception Coma Scale Revised (NCS-R) in pain management of patients with disorders of consciousness. METHODS: Thirty-nine patients with potential painful conditions (e.g., due to fractures, decubitus ulcers or spasticity) were assessed during nursing cares before and after the administration of an analgesic treatment tailored to each patient's clinical status. In addition to the NCS-R, the Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) was used before and during treatment in order to observe fluctuations in consciousness. Twenty-three of them had no analgesic treatment prior to the assessment whereas the analgesic treatment has been adapted in the other 16 patients. We performed non-parametric Wilcoxon tests to investigate the difference in the NCS-R and GCS total scores but also in the NCS-R subscores before versus during treatment. The effect of the level of consciousness and the etiology were assessed using a U Mann Whitney. RESULTS: NCS-R total scores were statistically lower during treatment when compared to the scores obtained before treatment. We also found that the motor, verbal and facial expression subscores were lower during treatment than before treatment. On the other hand, we found no difference between the GCS total scores obtained before versus during treatment. DISCUSSION: Our results suggest that the NCS-R is an interesting clinical tool for pain management. Besides, this tool seems useful when a balance is needed between reduced pain and preserved level of consciousness in patients with disorders of consciousness. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 23 (4 ULg)