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See detailA Multipotential Hydrolytic Reactor Using The Yeast-Strain Kluyveromyces-Marxianus
Rikir, R.; Weber, Dominique ULg; Campos, D. et al

in Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology (1990), 24-25

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See detailMultiproxy evidence of `Little Ice Age' palaeoenvironmental changes in a peat bog from northern Poland
De Vleeschouwer, François ULg; Piotrowska, Natalia; Sikorski, Jaroslaw et al

in Holocene (2009), 19(4), 625-637

`Little Ice Age' (LIA) climatic deteriorations have been abundantly documented in various archives such as ice, lake sediments and peat bog deposits. Palaeoecological analyses of peat samples have ... [more ▼]

`Little Ice Age' (LIA) climatic deteriorations have been abundantly documented in various archives such as ice, lake sediments and peat bog deposits. Palaeoecological analyses of peat samples have identified these climatic deteriorations using a range of techniques, for example palynology, plant macrofossils, testate amoebae or carbon isotopic analyses. The use of inorganic geochemistry and the reconstruction of dust fluxes has remained a challenge in tracing the nature of LIA climatic changes. Although the idea of enhanced erosion conditions and storminess is commonly discussed, the conditions for dust deposition in peatlands over Europe during the LIA are rarely favourable, because the natural forest cover over Europe was much more important than nowadays, preventing dust deposition. This intense forest canopy masks the deposition of dust in peatlands. In northern Poland, near the Baltic shore, the S[l]owi[n]skie B[l]ota area was deforested around AD 1100, ie, just before the LIA, and therefore constitutes a key area for the reconstruction of LIA climatic change. With the support of a well-constrained chronology, climatic fluctuations are recorded in an ombrotrophic bog using inorganic geochemistry, plant macrofossils and carbon isotopic analyses. The reconstruction of LIA climatic changes is in good agreement with other records from Poland and NE Europe. However, a c. 50-year discrepancy can be observed between various records. This discrepancy is possibly due to progressive time-dependent cooling gradient from north to south Europe. [less ▲]

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See detailMultiquark hadrons
Stancu, Floarea ULg

in Bled Workshops in Physics (2009), 10(1), 57-61

The possible production of multiquark systems is very important for our understanding of hadrons. A considerable interest in such states started with Jaffe's work in 1977, demonstrating the role of the ... [more ▼]

The possible production of multiquark systems is very important for our understanding of hadrons. A considerable interest in such states started with Jaffe's work in 1977, demonstrating the role of the chromomagnetic interaction in the stability of light multiquarks. Since then, heavy quarks have also been included. A brief survey is presented regarding the evolution of the problem. Some of the recently observed resonances, named X,Y or Z, are discussed as possible candidates for tetraquarks. [less ▲]

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See detailMultiqubit symmetric states with a high geometric entanglement
Martin, John ULg; Giraud, Olivier; Braun, Peter et al

Poster (2011, May 25)

We propose a detailed study of the geometric entanglement properties of pure symmetric N-qubit states, focusing more particularly on the identification of symmetric states with a high geometric ... [more ▼]

We propose a detailed study of the geometric entanglement properties of pure symmetric N-qubit states, focusing more particularly on the identification of symmetric states with a high geometric entanglement and how their entanglement behaves asymptotically for large N. We show that much higher geometric entanglement with improved asymptotical behavior can be obtained in comparison with the highly entangled balanced Dicke states studied previously. We also derive an upper bound for the geometric measure of entanglement of symmetric states. The connection with the quantumness of a state is discussed. [less ▲]

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See detailMultiqubit symmetric states with a high geometric entanglement
Martin, John ULg; Giraud, O.; Braun, P. A. et al

Poster (2010, July)

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See detailMultiqubit symmetric states with high geometric entanglement
Martin, John ULg; Giraud, O.; Braun, P. A. et al

in Physical Review. A (2010), 81(6), 0623471-6

We propose a detailed study of the geometric entanglement properties of pure symmetric N-qubit states, focusing more particularly on the identification of symmetric states with a high geometric ... [more ▼]

We propose a detailed study of the geometric entanglement properties of pure symmetric N-qubit states, focusing more particularly on the identification of symmetric states with a high geometric entanglement and how their entanglement behaves asymptotically for large N. We show that much higher geometric entanglement with improved asymptotical behavior can be obtained in comparison with the highly entangled balanced Dicke states studied previously. We also derive an upper bound for the geometric measure of entanglement of symmetric states. The connection with the quantumness of a state is discussed. [less ▲]

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See detailMultiqubit symmetric states with maximally mixed one-qubit reductions
Baguette, Dorian ULg; Bastin, Thierry ULg; Martin, John ULg

in Physical Review. A (2014), 90

We present a comprehensive study of maximally entangled symmetric states of arbitrary numbers of qubits in the sense of the maximal mixedness of the one-qubit reduced density operator. A general criterion ... [more ▼]

We present a comprehensive study of maximally entangled symmetric states of arbitrary numbers of qubits in the sense of the maximal mixedness of the one-qubit reduced density operator. A general criterion is provided to easily identify whether given symmetric states are maximally entangled in that respect or not. We show that these maximally entangled symmetric (MES) states are the only symmetric states for which the expectation value of the associated collective spin of the system vanishes, as well as in corollary the dipole moment of the Husimi function. We establish the link between this kind of maximal entanglement, the anticoherence properties of spin states, and the degree of polarization of light fields. We analyze the relationship between the MES states and the classes of states equivalent through stochastic local operations with classical communication (SLOCC). We provide a nonexistence criterion of MES states within SLOCC classes of qubit states and show in particular that the symmetric Dicke state SLOCC classes never contain such MES states, with the only exception of the balanced Dicke state class for even numbers of qubits. The 4-qubit system is analyzed exhaustively and all MES states of this system are identified and characterized. Finally the entanglement content of MES states is analyzed with respect to the geometric and barycentric measures of entanglement, as well as to the generalized N-tangle. We show that the geometric entanglement of MES states is ensured to be larger than or equal to 1/2, but also that MES states are not in general the symmetric states that maximize the investigated entanglement measures. [less ▲]

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See detailMultiradial Image Analysis in Optical Reflected Light Microscopy
Pirard, Eric ULg; Lebichot, Sophie

in XIIIth European Congress for Microscopy (2004)

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See detailMultiradial Imaging in Optical Ore Microscopy
Pirard, Eric ULg; De Colnet, Laurence

in Proceedings - Annual Meeting - Belgian Soc. Microscopy (2001)

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See detailA multirate approach to combine electromagnetic transients and fundamental-frequency simulations
Plumier, Frédéric ULg; Geuzaine, Christophe ULg; Van Cutsem, Thierry ULg

in Proc. 10th International Conference on Power System Transients (2013, July)

Abstract--- A new multi-rate technique is proposed to combine fundamental-frequency simulation (typical of stability studies) with electromagnetic transients simulation. The objective of this hybrid ... [more ▼]

Abstract--- A new multi-rate technique is proposed to combine fundamental-frequency simulation (typical of stability studies) with electromagnetic transients simulation. The objective of this hybrid approach is to obtain more accurate simulations than with the fundamental-frequency approximation, while saving computing time by applying the detailed model to a subsystem only, in some neighbourhood of the disturbance. It also allows to remove some limitations of fundamental-frequency simulation, such as the difficulty of simulating unbalanced faults. A relaxation technique is used to iterate between both models with simple interfacing. Preliminary results obtained with a 74-bus test system are presented, together with a comparison with full electromagnetic transients simulation. [less ▲]

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See detailMultirisk assessment in postmenopausal women
Reginster, Jean-Yves ULg

in Osteoporosis International (2006, March), 17(Suppl.1), 112

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See detailMultiscalar analysis of the spatial pattern of forest ecosystems in Central Africa justified by the pattern/process paradigm: two case studies
Bastin, Jean-François ULg; Djibu, J P; Havyarimana, F et al

in Boehm, D A (Ed.) Forestry: research, ecology and policies (2011)

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See detailA multiscalar quantitative approach to assess landscape dynamics and anthropogenic effects
Bogaert, Jan ULg

in Program and Abstract Book of the 3rd China-Japan Colloquium of Mathematical Biology (2010)

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See detailMultiscale approach of fish responses to different types of environmental contaminations: A case study
Mayon, N.; Bertrand, Annick ULg; Leroy, Delphine ULg et al

in Science of the Total Environment (2006), 367(2-3), 715-731

In order to study the responses of wild fish to environmental contaminations, different sites (two references and three contaminated) were sampled across the Walloon hydrographical network (southern ... [more ▼]

In order to study the responses of wild fish to environmental contaminations, different sites (two references and three contaminated) were sampled across the Walloon hydrographical network (southern Belgium). The status of fish communities was characterized according to an index of biotic integrity (1131). Furthermore, population structure, reproductive parameters and biochemical assays were performed on chub (Leuciscus cephalus) as sentinel species. The results showed impaired responses in fish sampled downstream paper mill effluents (BKME), in a polychlorinated biphenyls (PCB) contaminated site, and in a river receiving pesticides (i.e. atrazine and hexachlorocyclohexane). High level of hepatic 7-ethoxyresorufin-Odeethylase (EROD) activity were evidence of direct toxicant exposure, while population structures showed unbalanced size-frequency distributions. Moreover, in the pesticide contaminated site, a higher proportion of atretic oocytes was found in females and abnormally high plasma alkali-labile phosphorus (ALP) values were noticed in males, compared to reference sites, suggesting that chubs were exposed to estrogenic compounds. IBI scores from both sites were also lower than in reference sites. On the other hand, no particular response was found in hepatic glutathione-S-transferase (GST) activities, hepatic heat-shock protein HSP70 concentrations and plasma sex steroids (estradiol-17 beta, 11-ketotestosterone and testosterone) in chubs from any sites. By using a multiparametric approach, a better understanding of response mechanisms to pollution in fish may be achieved in order to improve the ecological status of river ecosystems. (c) 2006 Elsevier B.V All rights reserved. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 46 (5 ULg)