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See detailMother-Young Relationships in Belgian Blue Cattle after a Caesarean Section: Characterisation and Effects of Parity
Vandenheede, Marc ULg; Nicks, Baudouin ULg; Desiron, A. et al

in Applied Animal Behaviour Science (2001), 72(3), 281-292

The systematic use of Caesarean section in "double muscled" Belgian Blue cattle can induce ethical concerns. The aims of the following study was to characterise mother-young relationships in such a ... [more ▼]

The systematic use of Caesarean section in "double muscled" Belgian Blue cattle can induce ethical concerns. The aims of the following study was to characterise mother-young relationships in such a situation and to assess the effect of parity. Fifteen heifers and 15 cows of the Belgian Blue breed were observed using video recording when isolated with their calf during the 3 days following Caesarean, a rapid surgery with rare occurrence of aggressive behaviour and no sign of cows' discomfort or weakness. All calves were bottle-fed mother's colostrum once before first suckling occurred. Heifers' calves received a supplementary number of three such artificial meals, while cows' calves needed only one. The overall median time to first licking of the calf by the mother was 3.3min without any effect of parity. The mean licking frequency was 29.2+/-15.8 per 24h: heifers licked their calf less frequently than cows, respectively 23.4+/-15.3 per 24h versus 35.1+/-14.5 per 24h (P<0.05). The mean total licking duration was 42.2+/-25.9min per 24h: there was no significant difference between heifers and cows. The overall median time to first suckling was 6.1h, without any effect of parity. The mean suckling frequency was 8.4+/-4.8 per 24h: for half of these suckling bouts, the calf was situated on the left side of the mother, i.e. the side of the scar. The suckling frequency was negatively correlated with the number of artificial meals (r(s)=-0.45,P<0.05). Heifers suckled their calf less often than cows, respectively 6.1+/-3.1 per 24h versus 10.7+/-5.2 per 24h (P<0.01), but the left side proportion was not significantly different. The mean suckling total duration was 35.3+/-21.0min per 24h. The calf was on the left side of the mother during half of this time. Heifers suckled their calf during a shorter time than cows, respectively 26.9+/-20.0min per 24h versus 43.8+/-19.1min per 24h (P<0.05), and the left side proportion was not significantly different. Licking frequency and suckling duration were positively correlated (r=0.43,P<0.05). Only 10% of the mothers (one heifer and two cows) butted their calf and kicking was never observed. Despite the difficult comparison with results of the literature according to various methodologies, mother-young relationships were considered as similar to those reported after natural calving. In our study, cows can be considered as better mothers than heifers. [less ▲]

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See detailMother-young relationships in cattle after a Caesarean section
Vandenheede, Marc ULg; Nicks, Baudouin ULg; Desiron, Alain et al

in Proceedings of the International Symposium on "Suckling: behavioural and physiological aspects-problems and possibilities in ruminants" (1999)

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See detailMothflies (Diptera : Psychodidae) in hospitals: A guide to their identification and methods for their control
Verheggen, François ULg; Mignon, Jacques ULg; Louis, Josiane ULg et al

in Acta Clinica Belgica (2008), 63(4), 251-255

Repeated observation of "mothflies" at CHU Brugmann (Horta site hospital in Brussels) is not an isolated incident. Many public buildings have been infested by these Diptera of the Psychodidae Family ... [more ▼]

Repeated observation of "mothflies" at CHU Brugmann (Horta site hospital in Brussels) is not an isolated incident. Many public buildings have been infested by these Diptera of the Psychodidae Family. Although the species currently seen in Belgium is not a danger to human health, any infestation should be swiftly eradicated so as to limit the risks of a massive proliferation, source of hygiene problems and of potential bacterial dissemination. A good knowledge of adult and larval biology allows the potential sites of infestation to be quickly identified. The method to be envisaged to solve the problem will combine different approaches such as removing the risk factors (decomposing organic matter), monitoring egg-laying sites, applying caustic soda-based products and possibly treating with insecticide. [less ▲]

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See detailUn motif iconographiques révélé : l'anagôgé de Sémélé.
Morard, Thomas ULg

Scientific conference (2010, April 13)

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See detailLes motifs : un outil pour la caractérisation topologique des textes
Longrée, Dominique ULg; Mellet, Sylvie; Luong, Xuan

in Heiden, Serge; Pincemin, Benedicte (Eds.) Actes des JADT 2008, 9èmes Journées internationales d’Analyse statistique des Données Textuelles, Lyon, 12-14 mars 2008, (2008)

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See detailLes motifs concrets du front dans l’expression lyrique d’Apollinaire
Purnelle, Gérald ULg

in Debon, Claude (Ed.) L’Écriture en guerre de Guillaume Apollinaire. Actes du 19e colloque international de Stavelot (2006)

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See detailThe “motif”, a new approach to linguistic associations
Longrée, Dominique ULg

Scientific conference (2012)

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See detailMotion of carbon nanotubes in a rotating drum: The dynamic angle of repose and a bed behavior diagram
Pirard, Sophie ULg; Lumay, Geoffroy ULg; Vandewalle, Nicolas ULg et al

in Chemical Engineering Journal (2009), 146(1), 143-147

The granular flow behavior of carbon nanotubes produced by the CCVD method in a laboratory continuous inclined rotary reactor and of a catalyst was experimentally studied using a rotating drum. The ... [more ▼]

The granular flow behavior of carbon nanotubes produced by the CCVD method in a laboratory continuous inclined rotary reactor and of a catalyst was experimentally studied using a rotating drum. The dynamic angle of repose of the bulk solid and the standard variation of the solid bed surface were determined as a function of rotational speed of the rotating drum and for several filling percentages of the drum. Whatever the carbon nanotube production conditions, the dynamic angle of repose and the standard variation of the solid bed depended only on the filling percentage of the drum. Results were very interesting for practical application to carbon nanotube production in an industrial continuous inclined rotary reactor, because the granular flow behavior was the same during the reaction throughout the length of the reactor and depended only on the reactor filling. A bed behavior diagram based on the drum rotational speed and on the drum filling percentage was also constructed experimentally. The flow behavior of the solid during carbon nanotube production was on the boundary between the slumping and the rolling modes, leading to a good mixing of gas and solid during the reaction and to an improvement of the mass and heat transfer in the bed. (c) 2008 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. [less ▲]

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See detailMotional heterogeneity of intercalated species in modified clays and poly(epsilon-caprolactone)/clay nanocomposites
Urbanczyk, Laetitia ULg; Hrobarikova, Jana; Calberg, Cédric ULg et al

in Langmuir (2006), 22(10), 4818-4824

Modified laponites and synthetic saponites are used as precursors for the preparation of poly(epsilon-caprolactone) (PCL)/clay nanocomposites. The structure and dynamics of species intercalated in the ... [more ▼]

Modified laponites and synthetic saponites are used as precursors for the preparation of poly(epsilon-caprolactone) (PCL)/clay nanocomposites. The structure and dynamics of species intercalated in the modified clays and the corresponding nanocomposites are characterized by X-ray diffraction and magic-angle spinning NMR. The influence of the headgroup, the hydrocarbon chain length, and the loading of the surfactant on the nanocomposite formation are discussed. The yield of PCL intercalation is related to the probability of direct polymer-clay interactions and to the size of the clay platelets. Relaxation times in the laboratory and rotating frames that allow characterization of fast and slow molecular dynamics in these systems are discussed, showing a motional heterogeneity of the intercalated species. [less ▲]

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See detailLa motivación de los términos en terminología jurídica. Cómo la terminología jurídica asume los riesgos de su evolución
Thiry, Bernard ULg

in Revista Llengua i Dret (de la ‘Escola d'Administració Pública de Catalunya’) (2009)

En la Terminología wüsteriana ‘clásica’ el “término ideal” es monosémico, o monorreferencial, biunívoco, exento de connotaciones, normalizado, prescriptivo en su empleo, productivo y motivado. Hemos ... [more ▼]

En la Terminología wüsteriana ‘clásica’ el “término ideal” es monosémico, o monorreferencial, biunívoco, exento de connotaciones, normalizado, prescriptivo en su empleo, productivo y motivado. Hemos aplicado al corpus jurídico objeto de nuestro estudio – la Responsabilidad civil extracontractual - el filtro de lectura de la terminología clásica. El resultado observado es que, a cada una de estas características corresponden ejemplos observados en la nomenclatura estudiada que desmienten la adecuación a dicha nomenclatura al ideal terminológico. En efecto : - Al ideal de monosemia o monorreferencialidad, que requiere una determinación inequívoca de las nociones, una definición estricta de los términos y que cada uno de éstos designe una noción única y sin connotaciones, se oponen los siguientes rasgos observados : la existencia de nociones de imposible definición o de definiciones de contenido variable; la incertidumbre de la propiedad técnica de la definición de los términos; la alta proporción de términos que son homónimos de palabras de la lengua común; la presencia de connotaciones indeseadas; las frecuentes polisemia y homonimia que ostentan no pocos términos; - Al ideal de biunivocidad se opone un fenómeno de sinonimia abundante; - Al ideal de normalización de los términos de las Lsp, lo mismo que al carácter ideal de ser prescriptivos en su empleo, se opone, no sólo la existencia de lexicalización incompleta, sino también la de nociones sin denominaciones. También se verifica ausencia de unanimidad entre autores sobre el uso de los términos (definiciones y denominaciones). - El ser productivos los términos plantea el problema de derivaciones de coherencia perdida. - Hasta aquí, pues, el análisis no señala más que ‘defectos’ que ostenta la nomenclatura terminológica estudiada. Sin embargo, al abordar el último tema de la motivación de los términos, la investigación, de pronto, debe desistir de toda idea de 'defecto' y reconocer más bien a los juristas una singular y constante preocupación por la justeza y afinamiento de las denominaciones. Lo cual no sólo es en sí un esfuerzo poco común entre los usuarios de la lengua, inclusive de especialidad, sino que, incluso justifica los supuestos ‘defectos’ anteriormente observados, en realidad suscitados por el esfuerzo mismo de perfeccionamiento de las denominaciones. Ante semejante análisis, nuestra conclusión ya no puede someterse al ideal wüsteriano, pronto a imponer una ‘normalización’ de los defectos observados, los cuales, correctamente analizados, no son sino las consecuencias provisionalmente negativas de un ideal superior. Antes bien, nos parece más atinado distanciarnos de Wüster, poniendo en tela de juicio los requisitos mismos del “termino ideal” de su doctrina terminológica. En conclusión, corregimos el idealismo wüsteriano, asignando su justo lugar y papel a sendos rasgos nocionales y lenguajeros de las LFE. [less ▲]

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See detailMotivating Civil Servants for Reform and Performance
Paul, Elisabeth ULg

in ‘Capacity is Development’ Research Series (2010)

The paper aims to provide some informed reflections on how to motivate civil servants for performance and reform, especially in the perspective of sustaining capacity development

Detailed reference viewed: 159 (13 ULg)
See detailLa motivation à apprendre les langues étrangères
Defays, Jean-Marc ULg

Conference given outside the academic context (2013)

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See detailMotivation and satisfaction of participants and spectators attending mass sport events
Cloes, Marc ULg; Emond, Catherine; Ledent, Maryse et al

in Proceedings of the 8th European Association for Sport Management Congress (2000)

Considering their sociocultural and economic impact, sport events represent a pertinent centre of interest for sport management research. Considering their frequent occurrence and importance to the ... [more ▼]

Considering their sociocultural and economic impact, sport events represent a pertinent centre of interest for sport management research. Considering their frequent occurrence and importance to the survival of many associations such as sport clubs, schools, youth or neighbourhood committees, mass sport events could receive more attention than they actually do. In this paper attention was focused on participants and spectators attending the following five mass sport events organised in Wallonia, the French speaking part of Belgium. [less ▲]

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See detailLa motivation des arrêts de la cour d'assises : révolution ou marche d'Echternach ?
Jacobs, Ann ULg

in Revue de Jurisprudence de Liège, Mons et Bruxelles (2009)

Dans la foulée de l'arrêt de l'arrêt Taxquet c. Belgique rendu le 13 janvier 2009 par la Cour européenne des droits de l'homme, la Cour de cassation est saisie de différents pourvois contre des verdicts ... [more ▼]

Dans la foulée de l'arrêt de l'arrêt Taxquet c. Belgique rendu le 13 janvier 2009 par la Cour européenne des droits de l'homme, la Cour de cassation est saisie de différents pourvois contre des verdicts de culpabilité non motivés; elle se montre hésitante quant à exiger la motivation du verdict de culpabilité de la cour d'assises dans tous les cas. [less ▲]

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See detailMotivation des jeunes à la pratique des activités physiques et sportives
Ledent, Maryse; Cloes, Marc ULg; Onofre, C. Jordan et al

in Sport (1997), 159/160

Nombreux sont ceux qui attribuent une importance capitale aux motivations à la participation des jeunes au sport. En effet, les modalités de pratique et la qualité des expériences vécues dans le domaine ... [more ▼]

Nombreux sont ceux qui attribuent une importance capitale aux motivations à la participation des jeunes au sport. En effet, les modalités de pratique et la qualité des expériences vécues dans le domaine des activités physiques et sportives exerceraient de profonds effets dans la perspective d'un style de vie actif et sain à l'âge adulte. Cette croyance, bien établie chez les éducateurs physiques et les partisans du sport, doit néanmoins être prise avec beaucoup de prudence lorsque l'on considère les résultats des études longitudinales. ... [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 535 (5 ULg)