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See detailMortierella wolfii-Associated Invasive Disease.
LAYIOS, Nathalie ULg; Canivet, Jean-Luc; Baron, Frédéric ULg et al

in Emerging infectious diseases (2014), 20(9), 1591-2

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See detailMorton Marcus, Pursuing the Dream Bone
Delville, Michel ULg

in Sentence: A Journal of Prose Poetics (2008), 7

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See detailMosaic subclinical melanoderma: an Achilles heel for UV-related epidermal carcinogenesis?
Quatresooz, Pascale ULg; Petit, Ludivine; Uhoda, Isabelle et al

in International Journal of Oncology (2004), 25(6), 1763-7

Cutaneous cancers are not uncommon on the face of elderly patients. Melanin should protect, at least in part, against the ultraviolet (UV)-induced neoplastic damage. However, the density in melanin ... [more ▼]

Cutaneous cancers are not uncommon on the face of elderly patients. Melanin should protect, at least in part, against the ultraviolet (UV)-induced neoplastic damage. However, the density in melanin chromatophores is heterogeneous in the epidermis of Caucasian adults. The computerized UV light-enhanced visualization (ULEV) method is a sensitive tool to assess non-invasively this mosaic pattern of intra-epidermal melanin load. In this study, the combination of ULEV pattern analysis and image analysis were performed involving four groups of phototype III Caucasian subjects. The first group was composed of 55 patients aged from 65 to 75 years who suffered from several malignancies of facial skin. The second control group of 55 patients who never had developed skin cancers were matched with the first group for age, sex and phototype. The third group was composed of 80 patients aged from 49 to 59 years who had developed a single basal cell carcinoma. The fourth group comprised 80 age, sex and phototype-matched healthy control subjects. Irrespective of the groups of subjects, a correlation was found between the pattern grading and the objectively determined relative area of subclinical melanoderma. Patients with multiple skin cancers differed from the other groups by the fact that a significantly higher proportion of them exhibited an extensive type of subclinical melanoderma. This feature was also seen in a minority of patients with a single basal cell carcinoma. The extensive subclinical melanoderma pattern is interpreted as a clue for risk, but not as a cause of UV-induced skin carcinogenesis. [less ▲]

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See detailMOSAIC: a multiscale model of osteogenesis and sprouting angiogenesis with lateral inhibition of endothelial cells.
Carlier, Aurélie ULg; Geris, Liesbet ULg; Bentley, Katie et al

in PLoS Computational Biology (2012), 8(10), 1002724

The healing of a fracture depends largely on the development of a new blood vessel network (angiogenesis) in the callus. During angiogenesis tip cells lead the developing sprout in response to ... [more ▼]

The healing of a fracture depends largely on the development of a new blood vessel network (angiogenesis) in the callus. During angiogenesis tip cells lead the developing sprout in response to extracellular signals, amongst which vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) is critical. In order to ensure a correct development of the vasculature, the balance between stalk and tip cell phenotypes must be tightly controlled, which is primarily achieved by the Dll4-Notch1 signaling pathway. This study presents a novel multiscale model of osteogenesis and sprouting angiogenesis, incorporating lateral inhibition of endothelial cells (further denoted MOSAIC model) through Dll4-Notch1 signaling, and applies it to fracture healing. The MOSAIC model correctly predicted the bone regeneration process and recapitulated many experimentally observed aspects of tip cell selection: the salt and pepper pattern seen for cell fates, an increased tip cell density due to the loss of Dll4 and an excessive number of tip cells in high VEGF environments. When VEGF concentration was even further increased, the MOSAIC model predicted the absence of a vascular network and fracture healing, thereby leading to a non-union, which is a direct consequence of the mutual inhibition of neighboring cells through Dll4-Notch1 signaling. This result was not retrieved for a more phenomenological model that only considers extracellular signals for tip cell migration, which illustrates the importance of implementing the actual signaling pathway rather than phenomenological rules. Finally, the MOSAIC model demonstrated the importance of a proper criterion for tip cell selection and the need for experimental data to further explore this. In conclusion, this study demonstrates that the MOSAIC model creates enhanced capabilities for investigating the influence of molecular mechanisms on angiogenesis and its relation to bone formation in a more mechanistic way and across different time and spatial scales. [less ▲]

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See detailMosaicism of 46,Xx/47,Xx,+9/47,Xx,+?Mar in the Same Amniotic Fluid with Apparent Loss of One Cell Line after Delivery
Herens, Christian ULg; Pierquin, Geneviève ULg; Verloes, Alain ULg et al

in Prenatal Diagnosis (1989), 9(5), 373-5

A 46,XX;47,XX,+9;47,XX,+?mar karyotype was detected in an amniotic fluid cell culture and confirmed in a subsequent fetal blood sample from a 40-year-old woman. After termination of the pregnancy, none of ... [more ▼]

A 46,XX;47,XX,+9;47,XX,+?mar karyotype was detected in an amniotic fluid cell culture and confirmed in a subsequent fetal blood sample from a 40-year-old woman. After termination of the pregnancy, none of the 186 mitoses obtained from a second blood sample was trisomic for chromosome 9 (p less than 0.001). Selection against cells containing trisomy 9 is postulated to explain the disappearance of the lymphocyte clone. [less ▲]

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See detailMosaicism of Solid Gold supports the causality of a noncoding A-to-G transition in the determinism of the callipyge phenotype.
Smit, Maria; SEGERS, Karin ULg; Carrascosa, Laura Garcia et al

in Genetics (2003), 163(1), 453-6

To identify the callipyge mutation, we have resequenced 184 kb spanning the DLK1-, GTL2-, PEG11-, and MEG8-imprinted domain and have identified an A-to-G transition in a highly conserved dodecamer motif ... [more ▼]

To identify the callipyge mutation, we have resequenced 184 kb spanning the DLK1-, GTL2-, PEG11-, and MEG8-imprinted domain and have identified an A-to-G transition in a highly conserved dodecamer motif between DLK1 and GTL2. This was the only difference found between the callipyge (CLPG) allele and a phylogenetically closely related wild-type allele. We report that this SNP is in perfect association with the callipyge genotype. The demonstration that Solid Gold-the alleged founder ram of the callipyge flock-is mosaic for this SNP virtually proves the causality of this SNP in the determinism of the callipyge phenotype. [less ▲]

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See detailMosaiqs
Erpicum, Martin ULg; Rieppi, Stéphane ULg

Software (2009)

In order to simplify, facilitate and provide a methodology for the analysis of corpuses (interviews, focus groups, press articles, etc.), Spiral's Mosaiqs project offers a CAQDAS service that is both ... [more ▼]

In order to simplify, facilitate and provide a methodology for the analysis of corpuses (interviews, focus groups, press articles, etc.), Spiral's Mosaiqs project offers a CAQDAS service that is both simple and efficient. The exploration, firstly, enables the professional sciences to prepare for field work, including interviews, discussions son or any other text. It allows the development of the draft of the analysis grid, the professional socialization of its object of study and preparing for the examination phase. Finally, the analysis gives the professional the raw material that will be required for the preparation of its findings. Mosaiqs you work more effectively, more faithful to your body and in record time. [less ▲]

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See detailMosaïque
de Landsheere, Gilbert ULg

in Perspectives Documentaires en Sciences de l'Education (1989), 16

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See detailMosaïque (Itinéraire de lecture)
de Landsheere, Gilbert ULg

in Hassenforder, Jean (Ed.) Lecteurs et lectures en éducation (1993)

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See detailMosaïque numérique et esthétique de la mondialisation
Mélon, Marc-Emmanuel ULg

in Belloi, Livio; Delville, Michel (Eds.) L'œuvre en morceaux. Esthétiques de la mosaïque (2006)

Si, comme l'écrit Lucien Dällenbach, la mosaïque constitue une allégorie de la mondialisation, ce n'est pas seulement par analogie. En effet, les technologies numériques et en particulier les réseaux ... [more ▼]

Si, comme l'écrit Lucien Dällenbach, la mosaïque constitue une allégorie de la mondialisation, ce n'est pas seulement par analogie. En effet, les technologies numériques et en particulier les réseaux, instruments privilégiés de la mondialisation, sont devenus producteurs de mosaïques (images et textes) à grande échelle. Cette idée est illustrée par l'analyse du principe de la photomosaïque, très répandue sur la toile, et de la production de l'artiste français Reynald Drouhin. [less ▲]

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See detailLa mosaïque pentecôtiste
Demart, Sarah ULg

in Politique : Revue de Débats (2013)

La transformation du paysage religieux de nos villes est une forme de la multiculturalité en acte. Mais celle-ci ne se réduit pas à l’islam qui mobilise la plupart des controverses. Le renouveau religieux ... [more ▼]

La transformation du paysage religieux de nos villes est une forme de la multiculturalité en acte. Mais celle-ci ne se réduit pas à l’islam qui mobilise la plupart des controverses. Le renouveau religieux qui se manifeste à l’intérieur des communautés congolaises mérite également l’intérêt. [less ▲]

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See detailMosaïque, Hommages à Pierre Somville
Denooz, Joseph ULg; Dortu, Véronique ULg; Steinmetz, Rudy ULg

Book published by CIPL (2007)

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See detailThe Moses illusion: A follow-up on the focalization effect
Brédart, Serge ULg; Docquier, Marcel ULg

in Current Psychology of Cognition [=CPC] = Cahiers de Psychologie Cognitive [=CPC] (1989), 9

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See detailMoses strikes again: Focalization effect on a semantic illusion
Brédart, Serge ULg; Modolo, K.

in Acta Psychologica (1988), 67(2), 135-144

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See detailMosquito net for abdominal wall repair: a comparison of their chemical, physical, morphological and mechanical properties to commercial meshes
Sevrin, Chantal ULg; Nsadi Fwene, Berthier; Arung, Willy et al

in Biomedica proceedings (2013, June 23)

Meshes are the actual standard in abdominal wall repair. Commercial medical meshes are however either unavailable or unaffordable too expensive for developing countries. Therefore in most resource-poor ... [more ▼]

Meshes are the actual standard in abdominal wall repair. Commercial medical meshes are however either unavailable or unaffordable too expensive for developing countries. Therefore in most resource-poor developing countries a traditional sutured repair is still commonplace although with significantly inferior results. Sterilized mosquito nets have been recently roposed by several authors to replace medical meshes in low-income countries . However in the perspective of their clinical use a better understanding of this mosquito net is obviously requested both in terms of material properties and of in vivo biocompatibility. [less ▲]

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See detailMossbauer spectral evidence for next-nearest neighbor interactions within the alluaudite structure of Na1-xLixMnFe2(PO4)(3)
Hermann, Raphaël ULg; Hatert, Frédéric ULg; Fransolet, André-Mathieu ULg et al

in Solid State Sciences (2002), 4(4), 507-513

The Mossbauer spectra of the Na1-xLixMnFe2(PO4)(3) compounds, with x = 0,00, 0.25, 0.50, and 0.75, have been measured between 90 and 295 K and analyzed in terms of a model which takes into account the ... [more ▼]

The Mossbauer spectra of the Na1-xLixMnFe2(PO4)(3) compounds, with x = 0,00, 0.25, 0.50, and 0.75, have been measured between 90 and 295 K and analyzed in terms of a model which takes into account the next-nearest neighbor interactions within the alluaudite structure. Surprisingly, the spectra reveal an unexpected presence of iron(II) in these compounds; the amount of iron(II) is observed to decrease from 19 to 15 atomic percent of the total iron content with increasing x. The temperature dependence of the Fe2+ and Fe3+ isomer shifts agrees with that expected from a second-order Doppler shift and the resulting iron vibrating masses and Mossbauer lattice temperatures are within the expected range of values for iron cations in an octahedral environment. The temperature dependence of the Fe2+ quadrupole splitting has been fit with the Ingalls' model and the results yield a ground state orbital splitting of ca. 500 cm(-1) for the iron(II) sites. The compositional dependence of the isomer shifts and Fe2+ content can be understood in terms of a decrease in the unit-cell volume with increasing substitution of sodium by lithium, a substitution which does not influence the observed quadrupole splittings. (C) 2002 Editions scientifiques et medicales Elsevier SAS. All rights reserved. [less ▲]

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See detailA Mossbauer spectral study of some iron nitride-based nanocomposites prepared by ball milling
Grandjean, Fernande ULg; Hermann, Raphaël ULg; Long, G. J. et al

in Journal of Magnetism & Magnetic Materials (2005), 292

Powder mixtures of (FeyN)(x) and (Al2O3)(1-x) or (SiO2)(1-x) with x = 0.2 and 0.6 and y = 3.8 have been ball milled for 4, 8, 16, 32, 64, and 128 h and their magnetic properties and Mossbauer spectra have ... [more ▼]

Powder mixtures of (FeyN)(x) and (Al2O3)(1-x) or (SiO2)(1-x) with x = 0.2 and 0.6 and y = 3.8 have been ball milled for 4, 8, 16, 32, 64, and 128 h and their magnetic properties and Mossbauer spectra have been measured. The 5 and 295 K saturation magnetizations decrease with increasing milling time as a result of decreasing particle sizes. Fits with the Langevin function of the field dependence of the magnetization yield particle sizes that are slightly smaller than those determined from a Scherrer analysis of the broadening of the X-ray diffraction peaks. The Mossbauer spectra have been fit with a distribution of hyperfine fields between 0 and 40 T and the peaks in the distribution assigned to the different iron nitride phases present in the nanocomposites. This analysis of the Mossbauer spectra indicates that the gamma'-Fe4N phase present in FeyN is transformed into epsilon-Fe3+xN and alpha-iron by the milling process. The weighted average field decreases and the weighted average isomer shift increases with milling time, as expected for the simultaneous effects of size reduction, the above phase transformation, and mixing with the oxides. A peak in the hyperfine field distribution at 4 T indicates the presence of small superparamagnetic particles, a presence which is also confirmed by the temperature dependence of the Mossbauer spectra and the failure of the magnetization to saturate even at applied fields of 5.5T. (c) 2004 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. [less ▲]

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See detailA Mossbauer spectral study of the GdCo4-xFexB compounds
Grandjean, Fernande ULg; Hermann, Raphaël ULg; Popiel, E. et al

in Journal of Applied Physics (2007), 101(2),

The iron-57 Mossbauer spectra of the GdCo4-xFexB compounds, where x is 0.10, 0.15, 0.20, 0.25, 1, 2, 2.5, and 2.6, have been measured at room temperature and reveal relatively small iron hyperfine fields ... [more ▼]

The iron-57 Mossbauer spectra of the GdCo4-xFexB compounds, where x is 0.10, 0.15, 0.20, 0.25, 1, 2, 2.5, and 2.6, have been measured at room temperature and reveal relatively small iron hyperfine fields of approximately 12-18 T, relatively large quadrupole interactions of approximately +0.9 and -1 mm/s, and three very different types of spectra for x=0.10 and 0.15, x=0.25, 1, and 2, and x=2.5 and 2.6. The differences result from both the different easy magnetization directions in these compounds and the different cobalt and/or iron occupancies of the crystallographic 2c and 6i sites. The spectra have been fitted by calculating the spectral absorption with the complete iron-57 nuclear excited state Hamiltonian for the iron 2c and 6i sites. The fits have used an asymmetry parameter eta and Euler angles theta and phi that relate the hyperfine field to the iron electric field gradient axes of each crystallographic site in an orientation that is consistent with the structural and magnetic properties of the site. The results of the fits indicate both that the full Hamiltonian approach is required for physically reasonable spectral fits and that the small observed fields result from the presence of large orbital contributions which subtract from the Fermi contact contributions to the magnetic hyperfine fields of the two sites. The iron 2c occupancy obtained from the Mossbauer spectral area has been used to model the compositional dependence of the magnetic anisotropy constant in the GdCo4-xFexB compounds. (c) 2007 American Institute of Physics. [less ▲]

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