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See detailMultilayer Analysis of Soil Respiration and its Isotopic Signature in Forest Ecosystem
Goffin, Stéphanie ULg; Longdoz, Bernard; Maier, Martin et al

in Geophysical Research Abstracts (2011, April 06), 13

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See detailA multilayer braided scaffold for Anterior Cruciate Ligament : mechanical modeling at the fiber scale
Laurent, Cédric ULg; DURVILLE, D; MAINARD, D et al

in Journal of Mechanical behaviour of biomedical materials (2012), 12

An adapted scaffold for Anterior Cruciate Ligament (ACL) tissue engineering must match biological, morphological and biomechanical requirements. Computer-aided tissue engineering consists of finding the ... [more ▼]

An adapted scaffold for Anterior Cruciate Ligament (ACL) tissue engineering must match biological, morphological and biomechanical requirements. Computer-aided tissue engineering consists of finding the most appropriate scaffold regarding a specific application by using numerical tools. In the present study, the biomechanical behavior of a new multilayer braided scaffold adapted to computer-aided tissue engineering is computed by using a dedicated Finite Element (FE) code. Among different copoly(lactic acid-co-(ε-caprolactone)) (PLCL) fibers tested in the present study, PLCL fibers with a lactic acid/ε-caprolactone ratio of 85/15 were selected as a constitutive material for the scaffold considering its strength and deformability. The mechanical behavior of these fibers was utilized as material input in a Finite Element (FE) code which considers contact/friction interactions between fibers within a large deformation framework. An initial geometry issued from the braiding process was then computed and was found to be representative of the actual scaffold geometry. Comparisons between simulated tensile tests and experimental data show that the method enables to predict the tensile response of the multilayer braided scaffold as a function of different process parameters. As a result, the present approach constitutes a valuable tool in order to determine the configuration which best fits the biomechanical requirements needed to restore the knee function during the rehabilitation period. The developed approach also allows the mechanical stimuli due to external loading to be quantified, and will be used to perform further mechanobiological analyses of the scaffold under dynamic culture. [less ▲]

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See detailMultilayered chitosan-based fibers for skin regenaration applications
Croisier, Florence ULg; Detrembleur, Christophe ULg; Jérôme, Christine ULg

Poster (2014, May 26)

Chitosan is a natural polymer derived from the chitin of crustacean or mushroom shells, that intrinsically presents haemostatic, mucoadhesive, antimicrobial and immunostimulant properties. This ... [more ▼]

Chitosan is a natural polymer derived from the chitin of crustacean or mushroom shells, that intrinsically presents haemostatic, mucoadhesive, antimicrobial and immunostimulant properties. This polysaccharide has shown a great potential for biomedical and pharmaceutical applications, on account of its remarkable compatibility with physiological medium. Besides, it is degraded in a physiological environment into non-toxic products, which make chitosan an outstanding candidate for short- to medium-term applications. In this respect, nanometric fibers are highly interesting as their assembly mimics the skin extracellular matrix structure. Such nanofibrous materials can be prepared by electrospinning (ESP). This technique uses a high voltage to create an electrically charged jet of polymer solution or melt which leads to fibers formation. Depending on the polymer characteristics (a.o. molecular weight, solution viscosity and conductivity) and processing conditions (electric potential, distance between syringe-capillary and collection plate, concentration, flow rate), polymer fibers ranging from nanometers to a few microns in diameter can be obtained and subsequently used as potential scaffolds, a.o. to form a temporary, artificial extracellular matrix. In the present study, electrospinning technique was combined with layer-by-layer deposition method (LBL) - a well-known method for surface coating, based on electrostatic interactions - in order to prepare multilayered chitosan-based nanofibers. The antibacterial properties of the obtained material were then assessed, and the presence of a multilayered deposit was confirmed by several techniques. The multilayered chitosan-based nanofibers produced present great prospects for the preparation of new biomedical scaffolds - such as wound dressings that could improve skin regeneration. [less ▲]

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See detailA multilevel framework to support long-term breastfeeding
Noirhomme-Renard, Florence ULg

in Archives of Public Health (2009), 67(Supplement 2), 33-34

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See detailMultilingualismus und Sprachwandel : Zum möglichen Einfluß deutsch-schwedischer Mehrsprachigkeit auf die Gustav-Vasa-Bibel.
Zeevaert, Ludger ULg

in Askedal, John Ole; Naumann, Hans-Peter (Eds.) Hochdeutsch in Skandinavien : II. Internationales Symposium, Oslo, 19.-20. Mai 2000 (2002)

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See detailMultilinguisme dans l'antiquité gréco-romaine
Rochette, Bruno ULg

Article for general public (2010)

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See detailMultilinguismo in contesto migratorio. Metodologie e progetti di ricerca sulle dinamiche linguistiche degli Italiani all'estero
Di Salvo, Margherita; Moreno, Paola ULg; Sornicola, Rosanna

Book published by Aracne (2014)

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See detailMultilocus sequence typing analysis and antibiotic resistance of Clostridium difficile strains isolated from retail meat and humans in Belgium
Rodriguez Diaz, Cristina ULg; Taminiau, Bernard ULg; Avesani, Véronique et al

in Food Microbiology (2014), 42

Clostridium difficile has been isolated from food animals and meat, specially ground pork and ground beef. The recovered isolates were closely related to C. difficile human strains, indicating that ... [more ▼]

Clostridium difficile has been isolated from food animals and meat, specially ground pork and ground beef. The recovered isolates were closely related to C. difficile human strains, indicating that animals and food are possible transmission routes of human C. difficile infection. The main objective of this study was to characterize C. difficile isolates from retail meat and to compare with human isolates recovered from hospital patients in Belgium. Raw meat (beef and pork) was obtained from the retail trade. C. difficile was recovered from 2.3% of the beef samples and from 4.7% of the pork samples. A total of 4 different PCR-ribotypes were identified with a large percentage of types 078 and 014. Resistance to moxifloxacin and erythromycin was detected. The multi-locus sequence typing (MLST) analysis showed that meat and human isolates cluster in the same lineage. This study reveals the presence of toxigenic C. difficile in retail meat in Belgium with predominance PCR-ribotypes 078 and 014, which are among the four most prevalent ribotypes of C. difficile isolated from humans in Europe. [less ▲]

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See detailMultilocus-based phylogeny and species recognition within the cosmopolitan Peltigera neopolydactyla-dolichorhiza complex
Magain, Nicolas ULg; Miadlikowska, Jolanta; Lutzoni, François et al

Poster (2012, January)

The Peltigera neopolydactyla/dolichorhiza complex is broadly distributed, growing in boreal and temperate regions from northern Norway to southern Chile, as well as in tropical mountains. Observed ... [more ▼]

The Peltigera neopolydactyla/dolichorhiza complex is broadly distributed, growing in boreal and temperate regions from northern Norway to southern Chile, as well as in tropical mountains. Observed morphotype and chemotype variation within this complex suggested the presence of multiple undescribed species. We inferred the phylogeny of Peltigera section Polydactylon with a special focus on the Peltigera neopolydactyla/dolichorhiza complex to determine the full breadth of this species complex, and to assess if taxa from different parts of the worlds but with similar morphological features share a most recent common ancestor. About 525 ITS sequences representing 104 distinct haplotypes were generated for representatives of Peltigera section Polydactylon. We selected a representative of each broadly defined phylotype for which three protein-coding loci: RPB1.1, b-tubulin and EFT2.1 were sequenced. Each of the three protein coding loci provided equivalent or more resolution and support than the ITS locus. The greatest proportion of significantly supported nodes across the tree resulted from β-tubulin alone. Many specimens identified as P. neopolydactyla and P. dolichorhiza are placed outside of this species complex. As currently defined both species represent polyphyletic assemblages of taxa including several potentially undescribed species. Our phylogenies suggest the presence of putatively new species within several complexes across the section. [less ▲]

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See detailMultimarker approach to risk stratification
Chapelle, Jean-Paul ULg

in Clinical Chemistry & Laboratory Medicine (2003), 41

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See detailMultimarker approach to risk stratification
Chapelle, Jean-Paul ULg

Conference (2003, October)

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See detailMultimedia education in headache: the European Neurological Network.
Russell, M. B.; Dremstrup Nielsen, K.; Rasmussen, C. et al

in European Journal of Neurology (2000), 7(3), 355-62

The European Neurological Network is a European Economic Community supported project. The purpose of the project was to develop a multimedia educational tool for general practitioners in order to improve ... [more ▼]

The European Neurological Network is a European Economic Community supported project. The purpose of the project was to develop a multimedia educational tool for general practitioners in order to improve their management of sleep disorders, epilepsy and headache. The project involves approximately one hundred engineers and physicians from Belgium, Denmark, England, Finland, France, Germany, Italy, Portugal and Spain. This paper concerns the multimedia educational tool on headache. The system consists of five different modules, i.e. classification, clinical data, headache tutorial, diagnostic headache diary and nomenclature. It is possible to move between the modules both vertically and horizontally. The headache classification of the International Headache Society is provided in full text as a work of reference. This classification is used world wide and has been adopted by International Classification of Diseases 10 Neurological Adaptation (ICD-10 NA) and the World Health Organisation. The clinical data concentrate on migraine and tension-type headache, the two most common headache disorders, but data on familial hemiplegic migraine, cluster headache, drug-induced headache and secondary headaches are also available. The headache tutorial consists of case records that the user can test their diagnostic abilities on. The diagnostic headache diary is an expert system on headache diagnostics. It can be filled in during a consultation in order to provide the headache diagnosis or it can be printed and used by the headache patient to record headache attacks and medicine consumption. The nomenclature module provides an explanation of words and expressions used in the system. [less ▲]

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See detailLe multimédia et l'apprentissage
Denis, Brigitte ULg

Conference given outside the academic context (1996)

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See detailMultimedia in the E-LOTOS Process Algebra
Leduc, Guy ULg

in Formal Methods for Distributed Processing - A Survey of Object Oriented Approaches (2001)

We illustrate how the ISO E-LOTOS language can be used to describe an ODP multicast multimedia binding object of some complexity. The timing features of the language are briefly recalled, and play a major ... [more ▼]

We illustrate how the ISO E-LOTOS language can be used to describe an ODP multicast multimedia binding object of some complexity. The timing features of the language are briefly recalled, and play a major role in the description of the example, but many other features of E-LOTOS are also very useful to obtain a more modular and more readable specification. Users familiar with LOTOS will also learn how some E-LOTOS features can advantageously replace the traditional LOTOS ones. [less ▲]

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See detailMultimodal analgesia in dentistry
Chavarria Bolanos, Daniel ULg

Conference (2013, July 04)

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