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See detailMulticriteria and multiactors aspects of an interactive tool aiding to sketch the building envelope during the first stages of the architectural design
Hauglustaine, Jean-Marie ULg

Conference (2000, October)

The main objective of the present study is to introduce a rational method of aiding to design the envelope of a building, during the sketch design. The design method has for both objectives the respect of ... [more ▼]

The main objective of the present study is to introduce a rational method of aiding to design the envelope of a building, during the sketch design. The design method has for both objectives the respect of building costs (for the construction itself and in use), and the improvement of the energy performance. In the multicriteria and multiactors context, this interactive tool is using decision-making aids, in order to improve the architectural response to the client’s and regulations requirements, while aiding: - the project authors in their conception tasks, by making up the project architectural forces, in accordance with the actors’ objectives; - and the client in his participation in the multiple partners negotiation. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 30 (0 ULg)
See detailMulticriteria and multiactors interactive tool aiding to sketch the building envelope during the first stages of the architectural design, with objective of cost and energy performances
Hauglustaine, Jean-Marie ULg

in Performance of Exterior Envelopes of Whole Buildings VIII: Integration of Building Envelopes (2001, December)

The present study explores a Multiple Criteria Decision Aid (MCDA) procedure, an aid to help project authors optimise the building envelope during the sketch design, where a significant number of choices ... [more ▼]

The present study explores a Multiple Criteria Decision Aid (MCDA) procedure, an aid to help project authors optimise the building envelope during the sketch design, where a significant number of choices are fixed, having a determining impact on the future building cost and use. The objective of the design method is the respect of building costs – for the building construction and use – and the energy performance improvement. An interactive tool has been developed within multicriteria and multiactors context. In order to improve the architectural response to the client’s and regulation requirements, it gives decision-making aids to: - the project authors: in making up the project architectural forces, in accordance with the actors’ objectives; - the client: in reaching his objectives of costs, building duration, comfort and functionality, while serenely assuming his responsibilities related to his building energy and environment performances. The design tool is organised in two linked modules, any actor may go in any module in any time: - the first one manages parameters describing the project requirements; - the graphic module allows to draw the sketch; it calculates geometric parameter values that it puts back in the first module. Permanently informed on cost and energy performances, the user can any time search for optimal scenario giving best satisfaction or compromise: he has at his disposal at lot of graphs illustrating the performance sensitivity to parameter variation, as well as an optimisation procedure using a genetic algorithm to find the most efficient parameter set. The software is organised to manage new building projects of housings, schools and offices (small to medium size projects). [less ▲]

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See detailMulticriteria and Multiple Actors Tool Aiding to Optimise Building Envelope at the Architectural Sketch Design
Hauglustaine, Jean-Marie ULg; Azar, Sleiman

in Informatica (2001), 12(1), 3-24

The PC software AMCE is proposing building actors (owner, project authors… ) a Multiple Criteria Decision Aid procedure (MCDA) to optimise the building envelope about cost and energy performances, during ... [more ▼]

The PC software AMCE is proposing building actors (owner, project authors… ) a Multiple Criteria Decision Aid procedure (MCDA) to optimise the building envelope about cost and energy performances, during the sketch design. Two main modules are linked, where the user interactively goes: - the first one managers parameters describing the project requirements; - the graphic pen-based module allows to draw the sketch; it calculates geometric parameter values and put them back in the first module. Permanently informed on foreseeable performances, the user can any time search for optimal scenario giving best satisfaction (manoactor optimisation) or most preferred compromise (multiactors optimisation). [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 33 (4 ULg)
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See detailMulticriterion Scantling Optimization of the Midship Section of a Passenger Vessel considering IACS Requirements
Richir, Thomas; Caprace, Jean-David ULg; Losseau, Nicolas ULg et al

in The 10th International Symposium on Practical Design of Ships and Other Floating Structures (PRADS) (2007, October)

In the scantling design of a passenger ship, minimum production cost, minimum weight and maximum moment of inertia (stiffness) are conflicting objectives. For that purpose, recent improvements were made ... [more ▼]

In the scantling design of a passenger ship, minimum production cost, minimum weight and maximum moment of inertia (stiffness) are conflicting objectives. For that purpose, recent improvements were made to the LBR-5 software (French acronym of “Stiffened Panels Software”, version 5.0) to optimize the scantling of ship sections by considering production cost, weight and moment of inertia in the optimization objective function. Moreover, IACS requirements regarding bending, shearing and buckling strength are currently available in LBR-5. Until now, only raw scantling optimizations were performed with LBR-5. Thanks to new developments using heuristics, it is now possible to realize discrete optimization so that a standardized and “ready to use” set of optimum scantlings can be obtained. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 280 (50 ULg)
See detailMulticultural Policies and the State : a comparison of two European societies
Martiniello, Marco ULg

Book published by Ercomer (1998)

Detailed reference viewed: 50 (2 ULg)
See detailMulticulturalism and Citizenship in the European Union
Martiniello, Marco ULg

Scientific conference (1997, March 20)

Detailed reference viewed: 3 (0 ULg)
See detailMulticulturalism and Ethnicity in Europe
Martiniello, Marco ULg

Scientific conference (2000, November 02)

Detailed reference viewed: 2 (0 ULg)
See detailMulticulturalism and Pos-Multiculturalism in a disintegrating State : Belgium, Workshop
Martiniello, Marco ULg

Scientific conference (2011, April 28)

Detailed reference viewed: 23 (3 ULg)
See detailMulticulturalism and the Arts in European Cities
Martiniello, Marco ULg

Book published by Routledge (2014)

This book discusses the tension, or even the contradiction, between ethno-cultural segregation and ethno-cultural mixing in the field of the arts. It focuses on the local artistic sphere in the ... [more ▼]

This book discusses the tension, or even the contradiction, between ethno-cultural segregation and ethno-cultural mixing in the field of the arts. It focuses on the local artistic sphere in the multicultural EU cities of Amsterdam, Antwerp, Brussels, Cologne, Malmö and Vienna. The chapters show a variety of local experiences by exploring in each city discourses, policies and practices in the local artistic field and by addressing one or more of the following questions: How do cities construct diversity discourses and policies? How do migrants and subsequent generations mobilise in the local artistic scene? What type of collective identities and ethnicities are publicly expressed and constructed in the arts? Are immigrant and ethnic artists and productions supported by official cultural institutions? Are local cultural policies becoming multicultural? How do migrant and ethnic artist mobilise in order to change cultural policies? The contributors combine top-down and bottom-up perspectives from a variety of large, mid-size and small European cities to make sense of the links between migrants and ethnic groups and artistic change at the local level. They examine how the city as an artistic space is changed by minority artistic expression and also how local cultural institutions change minority artistic expressions. The chapter authors are drawn from broad variety of disciplines, including anthropology, cultural studies, political science, sociology, urban studies and planning, offering the reader a broad variety of perspectives and insights into this area. This book was originally published as a special issue of Identities: Global Studies in Culture and Power. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 5 (0 ULg)
See detailLe multiculturalisme et les démocraties libérales
Martiniello, Marco ULg

Scientific conference (2005, November 18)

Detailed reference viewed: 10 (0 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailLe multiculturalisme: entre pluralisme culturel et affirmation identitaire
Delruelle, Edouard ULg

in Les minorités : un défi pour les Etats. Actes du colloque international (12 et 13 mai 2011) (2012)

Detailed reference viewed: 7 (0 ULg)
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See detailMultidentate small-molecule inhibitors of vaccinia H1-related (VHR) phosphatase decrease proliferation of cervix cancer cells.
Wu, Shuangding; Vossius, Sofie ULg; Rahmouni, Souad ULg et al

in Journal of Medicinal Chemistry (2009), 52(21), 6716-23

Loss of VHR phosphatase causes cell cycle arrest in HeLa carcinoma cells, suggesting that VHR inhibition may be a useful approach to halt the growth of cancer cells. We recently reported that VHR is ... [more ▼]

Loss of VHR phosphatase causes cell cycle arrest in HeLa carcinoma cells, suggesting that VHR inhibition may be a useful approach to halt the growth of cancer cells. We recently reported that VHR is upregulated in several cervix cancer cell lines as well as in carcinomas of the uterine cervix. Here we report the development of multidentate small-molecule inhibitors of VHR that inhibit its enzymatic activity at nanomolar concentrations and exhibit antiproliferative effects on cervix cancer cells. Chemical library screening was used to identify hit compounds, which were further prioritized in profiling and kinetic experiments. SAR analysis was applied in the search for analogs with improved potency and selectivity, resulting in the discovery of novel inhibitors that are able to interact with both the phosphate-binding pocket and several distinct hydrophobic regions within VHR’s active site. This multidentate binding mode was confirmed by X-ray crystallography. The inhibitors decreased the proliferation of cervix cancer cells, while growth of primary normal keratinocytes was not affected. These compounds may be a starting point to develop drugs for the treatment of cervical cancer. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 56 (19 ULg)
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See detailMultidimensional analysis of social identities
Jacquemain, Marc ULg; Vandekeere, Michel

Conference (1990, January)

All the CLEO's researches based on opinion polls have showed that feeling of belgonging to Belgium and Wallony go hand in hand rather tha being substitute. The use of tools like multimensional scaling ... [more ▼]

All the CLEO's researches based on opinion polls have showed that feeling of belgonging to Belgium and Wallony go hand in hand rather tha being substitute. The use of tools like multimensional scaling help to calculate "proximities" between all feelings of belonging and help design a global map of identities. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 19 (2 ULg)
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See detailMultidimensional analysis of the importance given to physical activity promotion in secondary schools of French-speaking Belgium
Snyers, Jérôme; Halkin, Anne-Sophie; Lejacques, Thibaut et al

in Global Journal of Health and Physical Education Pedagogy (2014), 3(3), 212-227

Schools present a privileged environment to address physical inactivity. Actions to promote an active lifestyle have been launched for over 20 years in the European Union. In French-speaking Belgium, such ... [more ▼]

Schools present a privileged environment to address physical inactivity. Actions to promote an active lifestyle have been launched for over 20 years in the European Union. In French-speaking Belgium, such actions have multiplied, but efficiency remains undocumented due to the lack of systematic data regarding health and physical activity (PA) promotion at school. This research aimed to create a tool and to use it to establish an empirical baseline regarding PA promotion in secondary schools. Six main dimensions, all broken into variables, were identified after an extensive literature search. Six experts assigned different weighting factors to each dimension and variable, thereby allowing the attribution of scores. Fifty-one secondary schools were analyzed on this basis. The mean global score of the sample was 44.7 on a maximum of 100. PA was better promoted in urban schools with 250 to 499 students with high socioeconomic status. Real in-school policies aimed at promoting PA were lacking. Active transport to and from school was seldom encouraged. The number of PE classes was insufficient. The facilities used were of better quality than expected. This exploratory research constitutes an important step toward the conception of a tool based solely on objective variables. It should also serve as a catalyst to implement new field projects. [less ▲]

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See detailMultidimensional extension of the Morse-Hedlund theorem
Durand, Fabien; Rigo, Michel ULg

in European Journal of Combinatorics (2013), 34

Nivat's conjecture is about the link between the pure periodicity of a subset M of Z^2, i.e., invariance under translation by a fixed vector, and some upper bound on the function counting the number of ... [more ▼]

Nivat's conjecture is about the link between the pure periodicity of a subset M of Z^2, i.e., invariance under translation by a fixed vector, and some upper bound on the function counting the number of different rectangular blocks occurring in $M$. Attempts to solve this conjecture have been considered during the last fifteen years. Let d>1. A legitimate extension to a multidimensional setting of the notion of periodicity is to consider sets of Z^d definable by a first order formula in the Presburger arithmetic <Z;<,+>. With this latter notion and using a powerful criterion due to Muchnik, we solve an analogue of Nivat's conjecture and characterize sets of Z^d definable in <Z;<,+> in terms of some functions counting recurrent blocks, that is, blocks occurring infinitely often. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 56 (7 ULg)
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See detailMultidimensional flow modelling to guide hydromorphological restoration of an Alpine river
Rulot, François ULg; Detrembleur, Sylvain; Archambeau, Pierre ULg et al

in Proceedings of the 9th International Symposium on Ecohydraulics 2012 (2012)

Detailed reference viewed: 19 (6 ULg)