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See detailMoins d’antibiotiques, moins de résistances
Belche, Jean-Luc ULg; Chevalier, Pierre

in Minerva (2008), 7(5), 68-69

Analyse de Butler CC, Dunstan F, Heginbothom M, et al. Containing antibiotic resistance: decreased antibiotic-resistant coliform urinary tract infections with reduction in antibiotic prescribing by ... [more ▼]

Analyse de Butler CC, Dunstan F, Heginbothom M, et al. Containing antibiotic resistance: decreased antibiotic-resistant coliform urinary tract infections with reduction in antibiotic prescribing by general practices. Brit J Gen Pract 2007;57:785-92. [less ▲]

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See detailMoins que rien : les infiniment petits
Henry, Valérie ULg

in Tangente (2004), 100(Septembre-octobre), 22-23

Cet article présente le concept de nombre superréel infiniment petit, en adoptant une construction qui ressemble un peu à celle des nombres complexes par Hamilton.

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See detailMoins, mieux et autrement : Maintenant !
Ozer, Pierre ULg; Perrin, Dominique ULg

Article for general public (2008)

Veiller à la composition de notre assiette et être attentif à nos modes de déplacements sont deux éléments clefs qui font partie des multiples petits actes citoyens que nous pouvons poser pour participer ... [more ▼]

Veiller à la composition de notre assiette et être attentif à nos modes de déplacements sont deux éléments clefs qui font partie des multiples petits actes citoyens que nous pouvons poser pour participer à l’effort mondial de lutte contre le réchauffement climatique. Refuser de s’adapter ne reflète que notre opiniâtreté à vouloir nous emmitoufler dans un mode de vie qui n’est plus viable et notre incapacité à se détourner d’une société d’auto-consumation. [...] [less ▲]

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See detailMoins-values et plus-values d'urbanisme: La révision de l'article 70 du CWATUP
Pâques, Michel ULg

in Revue du Notariat Belge (2003)

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See detailLes Moires entre la naissance et la mort : de la représentation au culte
Pirenne-Delforge, Vinciane ULg; Pironti, Gabriella

in Etudes de Lettres (2011), (3-4), 93-113

In ancient Greece, Moirai are divine powers related to the ‘share’ that everyone receives and mythic tales where they appear mainly associate to birth and death. As traditional spinners and weavers, such ... [more ▼]

In ancient Greece, Moirai are divine powers related to the ‘share’ that everyone receives and mythic tales where they appear mainly associate to birth and death. As traditional spinners and weavers, such goddesses rule over everyone’s life course and over the various patterns of the life thread. Cult evidence related to the Moirai is neither numerous nor explicit about their worshippers’ expectations. Nevertheless, myths and rituals are not unrelated bodies of evidence, but specific languages, which resonate inside the mental frame of poets who narrated tales and worshippers who performed rituals. Both of these aspects of the Greek knowledge about Moirai are closely interconnected and studied as such in the present work. Powers of distribution, reward and regulation, Moirai interact with the stability warranted by Zeus’ authority on a mythical level and take also part in such a balance within human communities. [less ▲]

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See detailMoisture content determination in solid biofuels by dielectric
Daugbjerg Jensen, Peter; Hartmann, Hans; Böhm, Thorsten et al

in Biomass & Bioenergy (2006)

One near infrared (NIR) reflectance and five dielectric moisture meters were tested for their capability of measuring moisture content (MC) in solid biofuels. Ninety-eight samples were tested at up to ... [more ▼]

One near infrared (NIR) reflectance and five dielectric moisture meters were tested for their capability of measuring moisture content (MC) in solid biofuels. Ninety-eight samples were tested at up to eight moisture levels covering the MC range from fresh fuel to approximately 10% MC (w.b.). The fuel types ranged from typical solid biofuels such as coniferous and deciduous wood chips over short rotation coppice (SRC) to sunflower seed and olive stones. The most promising calibrations were obtained with the NIR reflection method and two dielectric devices where the sample is placed in a container integrated in the device. The calibration equations developed show that there is a profound influence from both laboratory and fuel type. It is suggested that individual calibrations that are based on the specific fuel types used at the individual heating plant could be applied. [less ▲]

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See detailMoisture content determination of pharmaceutical pellets by near infrared spectroscopy: method development and validation.
Mantanus, Jérôme ULg; Ziemons, Eric ULg; Lebrun, Pierre ULg et al

in Analytica Chimica Acta (2009), 642(1-2), 186-92

The aim of the present study was to develop and validate a near infrared method able to accurately determine a moisture content of pharmaceutical pellets ranging from 1% to 8% in order to check their ... [more ▼]

The aim of the present study was to develop and validate a near infrared method able to accurately determine a moisture content of pharmaceutical pellets ranging from 1% to 8% in order to check their moisture content conformity. A calibration and validation set were designed for the conception and evaluation of the method adequacy. An experimental protocol was then followed, involving two operators, independent production campaign batches and different temperatures for data acquisition. On the basis of this protocol, prediction models based on partial least squares (PLS) regression were then carried out. Conventional criteria such as the R(2), the root mean square errors of calibration and prediction (RMSEC and RMSEP) as well as the number of PLS factors enabled the selection of three preliminary models. However, such criteria did not clearly demonstrate the model's ability to give accurate predictions over the whole analyzed water content range. Consequently, a novel approach based on accuracy profiles which allow the selection of the most fitted model for purpose was used. According to this novel approach, the model using multiplicative scatter correction (MSC) pre-treatment was obviously the most suitable. Indeed, the resulting accuracy profile clearly showed that this model was able to determine moisture content over the range of 1-8% with a very acceptable accuracy. The present study confirmed that NIR spectroscopy could be used in the PAT concept as a non-invasive, non-destructive and fast technique for moisture content determination in pharmaceutical pellets. In addition, facing the limit of the classical and commonly used criteria, the use of accuracy profiles proved to be useful as a powerful decision tool to demonstrate the suitability of the proposed analytical method. [less ▲]

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See detailMoisture equilibrium in straw bale walls
Evrard, Arnaud; Louis, Arnaud ULg; Biot, Benjamin et al

Conference (2012, November)

Straw bales technology for buildings is developing in Belgium as in many other countries. The market is growing but significant uncertainties are left concerning how to model its dynamical hygrothermal ... [more ▼]

Straw bales technology for buildings is developing in Belgium as in many other countries. The market is growing but significant uncertainties are left concerning how to model its dynamical hygrothermal performances and its long term behaviour. The present paper presents the preliminary analysis conducted on material parameters and component’s response to dynamic heat and moisture solicitations. The simulations use WUFI Pro software based on material parameters form literature and both reference climate files for Belgium and theoretical climates to analyse the interactions between straw bale walls and finishing materials and their influence on component performances and durability. A specific prefabricated wall element sold on Belgian market is detailed and introduced in simulations. The influence on comfort feelings and indoor air quality are discussed with a focus on component´s thermal inertia and moisture regulation capacity. The paper concludes with recommendations on wall composition to help straw bale technologies to develop in building market of Belgium and other countries. [less ▲]

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See detailMoisture profiles determination during convective drying using x-ray microtomography
Léonard, Angélique ULg; Blacher, Silvia ULg; Marchot, Pierre ULg et al

in Canadian Journal of Chemical Engineering (2005), 83(1), 127-131

The knowledge of internal moisture profiles which develop during drying is essential for model validation purposes, but they are difficult to determine experimentally. This paper shows that X-ray ... [more ▼]

The knowledge of internal moisture profiles which develop during drying is essential for model validation purposes, but they are difficult to determine experimentally. This paper shows that X-ray microtomography, together with image analysis, provides an accurate, non destructive and easy to use technique to determine moisture profiles. Results reported concern the drying of wastewater sludges whose management is becoming a real environmental challenge. An analysis of the development of moisture gradients at the sample external wall shows an influence of drying operating conditions. Finally, mass diffusion coefficients are estimated from the knowledge of both the moisture gradients and the drying flux. [less ▲]

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See detailMoisture profiles determination during convective drying using X-ray microtomography
Léonard, Angélique ULg; Blacher, Silvia ULg; Marchot, Pierre ULg et al

in Proceedings of the 3rd World Congress on Industrial Process Tomography, Banff, Canada (2003, September)

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See detailLe Mole National Park (Ghana). Une expérience réussie d’écotourisme pédestre
Vermeulen, Cédric ULg; Portier, B.

in Parcs & Réserves (2003), 58(1), 3-6

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See detailMolecular adaptations in mouse skeletal muscle following eccentrically versus concentrically biased training
Hody, Stéphanie ULg; Lacrosse, Zoé ULg; Simonet, Arnaud et al

Poster (2014, July 02)

Introduction The molecular adaptations specifically induced by different muscle contraction types have only been partially elucidated. We previously demonstrated that eccentric contractions in human ... [more ▼]

Introduction The molecular adaptations specifically induced by different muscle contraction types have only been partially elucidated. We previously demonstrated that eccentric contractions in human quadriceps elicited proteome modifications that suggest a muscle fiber typology adaptation (Hody et al. 2011). We address this question in a more systematic way by examining the effects of different running modes on the mouse muscle proteome and the muscle fiber typology on the whole quadriceps. Methods Male adult mice (C57BL6) were randomly divided into downhill running (DHR, quadricipital eccentrically biased contractions), uphill running (UHR, quadricipital concentrically biased contractions) and untrained control (CONT) groups. Running groups performed five training sessions on an inclined treadmill for 75 to 135 min/day and the quadriceps muscles were dissected 96 hours after the last session. Muscle protein extracts of DHR and UHR groups (n=4/group) were subjected to a 2D-DIGE analysis coupled with mass spectrometry. The assessment of fiber type, size and number was performed on the rectus femoris of the three groups (n=6/group) using myosin heavy chain (MHC) immunofluorescence. Results In the proteomic analysis, eight spots identified as the fast MHC isoforms exhibited a lower abundance in DHR compared to UHR (p<0.05, t-test). In contrast, ATP synthase subunit a and tubulin ß were more expressed in DHR (p<0.05). Immunohistological analysis revealed a significant higher proportion of type I and IIa fibers for DHR compared to UHR or CONT groups (p<0.05, one-way ANOVA). Discussion Our data demonstrate that the eccentrically biased contractions in mice induced specific adaptations in protein expression as well as in muscle fiber type and size which may reflect a more oxidative muscle phenotype. The differences in stress placed on the muscle between both trainings may be responsible for some unique adaptations resulting from the eccentrically biased training. Eccentric training is known to protect skeletal muscles against exercise-induced muscle damage (EIMD) which may occur after intense eccentric contractions (Chen et al. 2010; Hody et al. 2011). It is also suggested that fast glycolytic muscle fibers are more vulnerable to EIMD than oxidative fibers (Lieber and Friden, 1988). Therefore, it would be interesting to investigate whether the molecular changes induced by an eccentrically biased training are involved in protection against EIMD. References Chen TC, Chen HL, Lin MJ, Wu CJ, Nosaka K. (2010). Med Sci Sports Exerc 42, 1004-1012. Hody S, Leprince P, Sergeant K, Renaut J, Croisier JL, Wang F, Rogister B. (2011). Med Sci Sports Exerc 43, 2281-2296. Lieber RL, Friden J. (1988). Acta Physiol Scand 133, 587-588. [less ▲]

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See detailMolecular adaptations of alpha-amylase from psychrophilic bacteria
Feller, Georges ULg; LIBIOULLE, Cécile ULg; Payan, Françoise et al

Poster (1995)

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See detailMolecular adaptations of alpha-amylase from psychrophilic bacteria
Feller, Georges ULg; LIBIOULLE, Cécile ULg; Payan, Françoise et al

Poster (1994)

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See detailMolecular adaptations of alpha-amylase from psychrophilic bacteria.
Feller, Georges ULg; LIBIOULLE, Cécile ULg; Payan, Françoise et al

Poster (1994)

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See detailMolecular adaptations of cold enzymes
Feller, Georges ULg

Conference (1998)

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See detailMolecular adaptations of enzymes from psychrophilic bacteria
Feller, Georges ULg

Conference (1995)

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See detailMolecular adaptations of enzymes from psychrophilic organisms
Feller, Georges ULg; Arpigny, J. L.; Narinx, E. et al

in Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology. A : Comparative Physiology (1997), 118(3), 495-499

The dominating adaptative character of enzymes from cold-evolving organisms is their high turnover number (k(cat)) and catalytic efficiency (k(cat)/K-m), which compensate for the reduction of chemical ... [more ▼]

The dominating adaptative character of enzymes from cold-evolving organisms is their high turnover number (k(cat)) and catalytic efficiency (k(cat)/K-m), which compensate for the reduction of chemical reaction rates inherent to low temperatures. This optimization of the catalytic parameters can originate from the highly flexible structure of these proteins providing enhanced abilities to undergo conformational changes during catalysis at low temperatures. Molecular modelling of the 3-D structure of cold-adapted enzymes reveals that only subtle modifications of their conformation can be related to the structural flexibility. The observed structural features include: 1) the reduction of the number of weak interactions involved in the folded state stability like salt bridges, weakly polar interactions between aromatic side chains, hydrogen bonding, arginine content and charge-dipole interactions in alpha-helices; 2) a lower hydrophobicity of the hydrophobic clusters forming the core of the protein; 3) deletion or substitution of proline residues in loops or turns connecting secondary structures; 4) improved solvent interactions with a hydrophilic surface via additional charged side chains; 5) the occurence of glycine clusters close to functional domains; and 6) a looser coordination of Ca2+ ions. No general rule from the molecular changes observed; rather, each enzyme adopts its own strategy by using one or a combination of these altered interactions. Enzymes from thermophiles reinforce the same type of interactions indicating that there is a continuity in the strategy of protein adaptation to temperature. (C) 1997 Elsevier Science Inc. [less ▲]

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