Browsing
     by title


0-9 A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

or enter first few letters:   
OK
Peer Reviewed
See detailA nation-wide project for early rehabilitation of low back pain workers : an implementation study
Mairiaux, Philippe ULg; CREYTENS, Guido; DELARUELLE, Dirk et al

in Book of Abstracts: Sixth International Scientific Conference on Prevention of Work-related musculoskeletal disorders. PREMUS 2007 (2007, August)

Aims Based on a new policy for managing work-related diseases, the Belgian government has launched, starting March 1st 2005, an evidence-based program to promote an early return to work and to prevent ... [more ▼]

Aims Based on a new policy for managing work-related diseases, the Belgian government has launched, starting March 1st 2005, an evidence-based program to promote an early return to work and to prevent chronic low back pain (LBP). Target workers belong to the health care sector and must be off work due to LBP for at least 4 weeks and maximum 3 months. Considering the challenge in applying an innovative program on such a large scale, its implementation was carefully monitored by a task force created within the Fund for Occupational Diseases (FOD) and various process and impact evaluations carried out to identify barriers to its possible extension to other categories of workers. Methods The program can be defined as a “return to work” (RTW) program and involves a multidisciplinary back rehabilitation program available through more than 40 rehabilitation centres across the country, and an ergonomics intervention in the health care institutions to be carried out by the OH prevention service. Financial incentives are allowed to both the patient and the employer to stimulate participation. For every worker included in the project, data are systematically retrieved both by the rehabilitation centre and the prevention service using standardized forms. Questions arising from the various stakeholders (workers, trade unions, employers, general practitioners, OH physicians) about the program are systematically recorded by the task force. In addition, a phone survey has been conducted among the first 83 participants (out of 91 accepted applications) to know the managing path followed by each worker, and to identify the strengths and weaknesses of the designed program. Results One year after its official launch, the program was found to have reached 5.1% to 14.6% of the target population depending on the estimation basis chosen. Only 18.5% of the participants had seen or read the information leaflet edited by the FOD in the two national languages (in 20.000 exemplars). The main access criterion (>= 4 weeks sick leave), even supported by a solid scientific evidence, has been considered too severe by many stakeholders; the possibility to access the program during a relapse of a pain episode was not properly understood. Arising from wrong beliefs about back pain and its treatment, some patients but also their treating physicians were not keen to participate to such an active program. Entering the program also implied a visit by the OH physician during the sick leave, a new procedure still rarely used in the enterprises. Some employers worried about the program becoming a stimulus for extending the sick leave period instead of shortening it, but the collected data did not support this assumption. Potential concurrence between health professionals had also a negative influence in some areas. Regarding its content, the program was consistently applied in its medical component, well formalized within the Belgian health care system, but much less in its ergonomics component that was highly dependent on each institution own dynamic for prevention. As regard the program impact at short term, 98% of the participants did return to work and for 79% of them well before the end of the rehabilitation treatment in the centre; subjective improvements were recorded in 85% to 91% of the workers depending on the variable considered. Discussion and conclusions Informing about 90.000 workers in hundreds of health care institutions was a challenge and would have needed an ambitious media campaign. The project being completely innovative in the Belgian context, it implies deep changes in the traditional interactions between different health professionals and it requests altering very common beliefs about back pain. Such beliefs or behaviours cannot be changed in a few months! More fundamentally this project shows that there is long way to go before implementing with success at a national scale, interventions originally developed and tested in well controlled conditions and in a selected number of settings: return to work research has yet to evolve from establishing efficacy to proving effectiveness. References See FOD web site : www.fmp-fbz.fgov.be (“prevention dos” or “rugpreventie”) [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 21 (1 ULg)
Full Text
See detailA nation-wide project for the revision of the Belgian Nursing Minimum Data Set : from concept to implementation
SERMEUS, Walter; VAN DEN HEEDE, Koen; MICHIELS, Dominik et al

in OUD, Nico; SERMEUS, Walter; EHNFORS, Margareta (Eds.) Proceedings of the fifth biennial European Conference of the Association for Common European Nursing Diagnoses, Interventions and Outcomes (2005, April)

Detailed reference viewed: 16 (0 ULg)
Full Text
See detailA nation-wide project for the revision of the Belgian Nursing Minimum Dataset: from concept to implementation
THONON, Olivier ULg

in Proceedings of the Saudi International Conference of Excellence in Patient Care -Saudi Organizer Co. (2013, April)

Detailed reference viewed: 16 (6 ULg)
Full Text
See detailA nation-wide project for the revision of the Belgian Nursing Minimum Dataset: from concept to implementation
THONON, Olivier ULg; CODOGNOTTO, Jean ULg; GILLET, Pierre ULg et al

in EfCCNa (Ed.) Proceedings of the 2nd Congress of the EfCCNa (2005, November)

Detailed reference viewed: 7 (0 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailA nation-wide project for the revision of the Belgian nursing minimum dataset: from concept to implementation.
SERMEUS, Walter; VAN DEN HEEDE, Koen; MICHIELS, Dominik et al

in Studies in Health Technology & Informatics (2004), 110

Detailed reference viewed: 9 (0 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailA national cohort of HIV-infected patients in Belgium: design and main characteristics.
Van Beckhoven, D.; Buve, A.; Ruelle, J. et al

in Acta Clinica Belgica (2012), 67(5), 333-7

In Belgium, individual laboratory and treatment data of all HIV-infected patients seen in the 9 AIDS Reference Centres and 7 AIDS Reference Laboratories are collected prospectively since 2006. We present ... [more ▼]

In Belgium, individual laboratory and treatment data of all HIV-infected patients seen in the 9 AIDS Reference Centres and 7 AIDS Reference Laboratories are collected prospectively since 2006. We present here an analysis of patients recorded in the cohort database between 1st of January 2006 and 31st of December 2008. During that period, 11982 patients were under medical follow-up in Belgium. Sixty-one percent of the patients were male and the median age was 39.8 at the time of first recorded viral load. Among the patients whose nationality or probable mode of transmission was recorded, nearly half (48.0%) were Belgian and 38.3% originated from Sub-Saharan Africa; heterosexual contacts were reported in the majority of cases (56.0%) followed by homosexual contacts (35.3%). A total of 145 deaths were reported. Around three quarters of the patients were on ART. The median CD4 cell count rose from 470 cells/mm3 in 2006 to 501 cells/mm3 in 2008. This cohort enabled us to obtain comprehensive information on the numbers and characteristics of HIV-infected patients currently being followed up in Belgium, and on trends in antiretroviral therapy and biological results. This will serve for planning purposes, evaluation of access to care and as a source of information for further studies. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 54 (21 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailNational differences in ulcerative colitis experience and management among patients from five European countries and Canada: An online survey.
Schreiber, Stefan; Panes, Julian; LOUIS, Edouard ULg et al

in Journal of Crohn’s and Colitis (2013), 7

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Patients' and physicians' perceptions of ulcerative colitis and its management are important for developing and guiding appropriate therapies. This study explored national differences ... [more ▼]

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Patients' and physicians' perceptions of ulcerative colitis and its management are important for developing and guiding appropriate therapies. This study explored national differences in patients' and physicians' experiences, expectations, and beliefs about ulcerative colitis. METHODS: Structured, cross-sectional, online surveys evaluating various indices were completed by 775 adult patients with ulcerative colitis and 475 physicians actively managing ulcerative colitis patients from France, Germany, Ireland, Spain, the United Kingdom, and Canada. RESULTS: Patients' classification of their symptom severity differed across countries (mild, 16%-45%; moderate, 46%-58%; severe, 4%-36%). Expectations of disease control also varied, with 26% (Ireland) to 65% (Spain) describing that remission realistically involves "living without symptoms." Within each country, more patients (45%-69%) than physicians (28%-45%) considered ulcerative colitis symptoms to affect patients' quality of life. Mean number of patient-reported flares during the past year ranged from 2.5 in Ireland to 8.0 in France. Self-reported adherence with oral 5-aminosalicylic acid (during remission) was highest in Spain (91% vs 50%-73% across other countries). Spanish patients were more likely to self-adjust their medications (54% vs 2%-5%), but reported the most dissatisfaction with therapy (42% vs 9%-27%). Irish patients were least likely to arrange physician/specialist nurse visits (14% vs 36%-49%) and least open to discussion of their condition. CONCLUSIONS: Important national differences in ulcerative colitis patients' attitudes and perceptions were observed, which may help physicians improve patient care based on country-specific needs and influence self-assessments in clinical trials. The results suggest a need for structured patient education to improve adherence and outcomes. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 15 (2 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailNational Forest Inventory contributions to forest biodiversity monitoring
Chirici, Gherardo; McRoberts, Ronald E.; Winter, Susanne et al

in Forest Science (2012), 58(3), 257-268

Forests are the most biodiverse terrestrial ecosystems. National forest inventories (NFIs) are the main source of information on the status and trends of forests, but they have traditionally been designed ... [more ▼]

Forests are the most biodiverse terrestrial ecosystems. National forest inventories (NFIs) are the main source of information on the status and trends of forests, but they have traditionally been designed to assess land coverage and the production value of forests rather than forest biodiversity. The primary international processes dealing with biodiversity and sustainable forest management, the convention on Biological Diversity (CBD), Forest Europe, Streamlining European Biodiversity Indicators 2010 of the European Environmental Agency, and the Montréal Process, all include indicators related to forest biodiversity. The scope of this article is to review and present possibilities offered by NFIs to harmonize estimation of indicators useful for international forest and present possibilities offered by NFIs to harmonize estimation of indicators useful for international forest biodiversity monitoring and reporting. We summarize key findings from Working Group 3 of Action E43 (« Harmonization of National Forest Inventories in Europe : Techniques for Common Reporting ») of the European program Cooperation in Science and Technology (COST). We discuss definitions and techniques for harmonizing estimates of possible biodiversity indicators based on data from NFIs in Europe and the United States. We compare these possible indicators with indicators selected by international processes. The results demonstrate that NFIs can report comparable or harmonized estimates of indicators for multiple biodiversity features (forest categories, deadwood, forest age, forest structure, and forest naturalness), but for others (ground vegetation and regeneration) NFIs should invest more in harmonization efforts. On the basis of these key findings, we recommend that NFIs should represent a main component of a future global biodiversity monitoring network as urgently requested by the CBD. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 11 (0 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailNational Forest Inventory contributions to forest biodiversity monitoring
Chirici, Gherardo; McRoberts, Ronald E.; Winter, Susanne et al

in Forest Science (2012), 58(3), 257-268

Forests are the most biodiverse terrestrial ecosystems. National forest inventories (NFIs) are the main source of information on the status and trends of forests, but they have traditionally been designed ... [more ▼]

Forests are the most biodiverse terrestrial ecosystems. National forest inventories (NFIs) are the main source of information on the status and trends of forests, but they have traditionally been designed to assess land coverage and the production value of forests rather than forest biodiversity. The primary international processes dealing with biodiversity and sustainable forest management, the convention on Biological Diversity (CBD), Forest Europe, Streamlining European Biodiversity Indicators 2010 of the European Environmental Agency, and the Montréal Process, all include indicators related to forest biodiversity. The scope of this article is to review and present possibilities offered by NFIs to harmonize estimation of indicators useful for international forest and present possibilities offered by NFIs to harmonize estimation of indicators useful for international forest biodiversity monitoring and reporting. We summarize key findings from Working Group 3 of Action E43 (« Harmonization of National Forest Inventories in Europe : Techniques for Common Reporting ») of the European program Cooperation in Science and Technology (COST). We discuss definitions and techniques for harmonizing estimates of possible biodiversity indicators based on data from NFIs in Europe and the United States. We compare these possible indicators with indicators selected by international processes. The results demonstrate that NFIs can report comparable or harmonized estimates of indicators for multiple biodiversity features (forest categories, deadwood, forest age, forest structure, and forest naturalness), but for others (ground vegetation and regeneration) NFIs should invest more in harmonization efforts. On the basis of these key findings, we recommend that NFIs should represent a main component of a future global biodiversity monitoring network as urgently requested by the CBD. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 47 (9 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailNational implementation of the ESCEO guidance and its consequences
Reginster, Jean-Yves ULg

in Medicographia (2010), 32

Detailed reference viewed: 5 (0 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailThe National Lottery'protective measures
Triffaux, Jean-Marc ULg

Conference (2010, October 12)

Detailed reference viewed: 20 (2 ULg)
Full Text
See detailNational Mythology and Colonial Trauma in Alex Miller’s Journey to the Stone Country
Joubail, Houda ULg

Master's dissertation (2011)

In 1991 the Australian government instigated a process of reconciliation between indigenous and non-indigenous people. This process aimed at laying the foundations of a postcolonial nation through the ... [more ▼]

In 1991 the Australian government instigated a process of reconciliation between indigenous and non-indigenous people. This process aimed at laying the foundations of a postcolonial nation through the establishment of the truth about the past, the acknowledgment of the injustices inflicted on the natives, and the development of appropriate forms of justice. Hidden facts about dispossession and genocide were divulged thanks to various inquiries carried out throughout the country. Such hideous facts plunged settler Australians into angst and guilt and prompted many contemporary white novelists to tackle the hitherto taboo issue of colonialism and its legacies in their works. At first glance, this literary endeavour to deal with the darkest chapter in the Australian history appears as a genuine determination to confront the trauma of the colonial past. Nevertheless, a closer look at some contemporary Australian novels reveals an altogether different intention. My dissertation seeks to explore the fictional representations of colonialism and Aboriginal suffering in one of these novels, namely, Alex Miller’s Journey to the Stone Country (2002), in order to emphasise how, through the use of subtle representational and discursive strategies, the author contrives to lessen the impact of the colonial violence. Annabelle Beck, a descendant of British settlers, and Bo Rennie, a former Aboriginal ringer, set out on a journey from Burranbah in Central Queensland to the sacred ground of the Jangga people. As the journey unfolds, a disturbing past of injustice and loss emerges. The two main protagonists are brought to discover their common history as members of neighbouring families. The exploration of their past culminates in the revelation of a massacre in which Bo’s ancestors were savagely killed by Annabelle’s grandfather and his friends. Admittedly, the author tackles the controversial issues of inter-racial relationships, dispossession, and the legacies of colonial violence, yet his approach is far from being postcolonial. The first part of the dissertation will, indeed, attempt to examine how he makes use of the representational strategies to portray the Aboriginal characters as uneducated, untrustworthy, and racist. Furthermore, this part will emphasise that Miller tends to dismantle colonial myths only to construct neo-colonial ones, particularly, the equal importance of European and Aboriginal heritages. This assumption of egalitarianism is, in fact, not as fair as it seems at first sight given the long history of injustices to which Aborigines were subjected. The second part of the dissertation is dedicated to the analysis of the author’s response to the colonial trauma. A close reading of the novel in the lights of trauma theories reveals that the author resists the full understanding and acknowledgement of the truth about the past. He, indeed, undermines his avowed intention of exposing the atrocities inflicted on Aboriginal people through a series of discursive strategies. The dissertation will mainly draw on Dominick LaCapra’s writings about trauma to suggest that Miller is caught within the process of what LaCapra refers to as “acting out”, that is to say the tendency to repress the traumatic past to avoid any critical confrontation. Therefore, though he apparently engages in the venture of exploring the colonial past, Miller advocates the law of silence, a law which is hardly compatible with the requirements of a true reconciliation. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 94 (14 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailNational Policies and Practices on ICT in Education: Belgium
Denis, Brigitte ULg; Valcke, M.; Van Braag, J.

in Plomp, T.; Anderson, R. E.; Law, N. (Eds.) et al Cross-National Information and Communication Technology. Policies and Practices in Education (2009)

This chapter describes the national policies and practices on ICT in education in Belgium (French Community of Belgium and flemsih community).

Detailed reference viewed: 31 (4 ULg)
Full Text
See detailNational Postal Strategies after a Full Postal Market Opening
d'Alcantara, Gonzales; Gautier, Axel ULg

in Crew, Michael; Kleindorfer, Paul (Eds.) Competition and Regulation in the Postal and Delivery Sector (2008)

Detailed reference viewed: 65 (7 ULg)
See detailThe national question and the political construction of immigrant ethnic communities in Belgium
Martiniello, Marco ULg

in Hargreaves, A.; Leaman, J. (Eds.) Racism, Ethnicity and Politics in Contemporary Europe (1995)

Detailed reference viewed: 10 (0 ULg)
See detailThe national question and the political participation of immigrant ethnic communities in Belgium
Martiniello, Marco ULg

Scientific conference (1993, September 24)

Detailed reference viewed: 3 (2 ULg)
See detailNational Report of Belgium
Bruyninx, Carine; Warnant, René ULg; Everaerts, Michel ULg et al

in Gubler, E.; Hornik, H. (Eds.) EUREF Publication N° 7/I (1999)

Detailed reference viewed: 8 (1 ULg)
See detailNational Report of Belgium
Bruyninx, Carine; Brondeel, Marijke; Dehant, Véronique et al

in Veröffentlichungen der Bayerischen Kommission für die Internationale Erdmessung, Astronomisch - Geodätische Arbeiten (1998), 58

Detailed reference viewed: 14 (1 ULg)
Full Text
See detailNational Report of Belgium
Dassargues, Alain ULg; Meus, Philippe; Biver, Pierre et al

in COST 65 Action Hydrogeological aspects of groundwater protection in karstic areas (1995)

Detailed reference viewed: 19 (4 ULg)
Full Text
See detailA national survey on the prevalence and treatment outcome of active Cushing's disease in Belgium
Bex, M; Nauwelaerts, H; T'Sjoen, Guy et al

in Endocrine Abstracts - 15th European Congress of Endocrinology (2013, May)

Detailed reference viewed: 14 (2 ULg)