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See detailAnthony Giddens - Note introductive
Jacquemain, Marc ULiege

Learning material (2009)

En une cinquantaine de slides schématiques, le document présente brièvement les deux grandes dimensions de la pensée de Giddens : sa théorie de la structuration, où l'action est conçue comme flux continu ... [more ▼]

En une cinquantaine de slides schématiques, le document présente brièvement les deux grandes dimensions de la pensée de Giddens : sa théorie de la structuration, où l'action est conçue comme flux continu de pratiques sociales réflexivement contrôlées ; et d'autre part, sa théorie de la modernisation avec les dimensions de réflexivité, d'auto-référentialité, de risque et de sécurité ontologique. La présentation sert à situer les apports principaux de Giddens et à préparer à une lecture en séminaire de "Modernity and self-identity". [less ▲]

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See detail« Anthony J. Steinbock, Moral Emotions. Reclaiming the Evidence of the Heart : Recension »
Hervy, Alievtina ULiege

in Bulletin d'Analyse Phénoménologique (2015)

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See detailLes Anthozoaires pélagiques recueillis par le professeur Hensen, dans son expédition du Plankton. – Communication préliminaire. – I. Une larve voisine de la larve de Semper
Van Beneden, Édouard ULiege

in Bulletins de l'Académie Royale des Sciences, des Lettres et des Beaux-Arts de Belgique (1890), 20

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See detailAnthracologie : perturbations passées et évolution de la végétation
Morin-Rivat, Julie ULiege

in CoForChange - La Lettre (2012)

Mettre en évidence la relation entre occupation humaine et distribution de la végétation est l’un des points abordés par CoForChange. Les récentes études montrent que les perturbations anthropiques ont eu ... [more ▼]

Mettre en évidence la relation entre occupation humaine et distribution de la végétation est l’un des points abordés par CoForChange. Les récentes études montrent que les perturbations anthropiques ont eu une influence sur la végétation, permettant notamment l’expansion des espèces héliophiles (cf. Lettre n° 4). Pour contribuer à cette analyse dans un contexte de grande rareté des données anthracologiques en Afrique, nous avons, dans le cadre d’un master, choisi d’étudier les charbons de bois issus de neuf fosses pédologiques du projet CoForChange. L’objectif était d’appréhender les compositions floristiques actuelle et passée des forêts au regard des perturbations passées. Deux protocoles anthracologiques d’identification ont été testés : a) à l’échelle de l’espèce, par une description des caractères anatomiques des charbons de bois, une recherche sur la base de données en ligne InsideWood et une comparaison anatomique au Xylarium de Tervuren ; b) à l’échelle de la communauté, par une recherche des relations statistiques entre traits écologiques des espèces et anatomie du bois. Les résultats montrent que la diversité taxonomique sous les forêts à Marantaceae est plus grande que sous les forêts denses de terre ferme. Trois identifications ont été obtenues sur 48 taxons décrits : Gilbertiodendron dewevrei sous forêt monodominante à G. dewevrei (GIB1 à 40 cm de profondeur, 1 510 ± 30 années cal. BP (calibrated before present), Millettia drastica et Pterocarpus soyauxii sous forêt clairsemée à Marantaceae (F9 à 40 cm, 1 200 ± 30 cal. BP). Notre hypothèse est que les peuplements monodominants à G. dewevrei sont relativement stables. Quant à P. soyauxii, la proportion de cette espèce héliophile semble décroître au cours du temps (niveaux entre 20 et 40 cm) au profit desMarantaceae. Un autre résultat porte sur l’absence de Triplochiton scleroxylon sous T. scleroxylon, ce qui pourrait confirmer l’hypothèse du caractère récent de ces peuplements. Les résultats portant sur la relation entre anatomie du bois et traits fonctionnels restant préliminaires, cette recherche sera poursuivie en thèse de doctorat. Les développements actuels de l’anthracologie pour l’Afrique tropicale permettent désormais d’envisager un plus grand nombre d’identifications par échantillon et ainsi une meilleure connaissance de l’évolution des forêts tropicales. [less ▲]

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See detailAnthracology: past disturbances and vegetation evolution
Morin-Rivat, Julie ULiege

in CoForChange - Newsletter (2012)

One of CoForChange aims is to highlight the relationship between human settlement and plant distribution. Recent studies show that anthropogenic disturbances have had an impact on vegetation, including ... [more ▼]

One of CoForChange aims is to highlight the relationship between human settlement and plant distribution. Recent studies show that anthropogenic disturbances have had an impact on vegetation, including enabling the expansion of light-demanding species (see Newsl. No 4). To contribute to this analysis in a context of deep scarcity of anthracological data in Africa, we have been studying the charcoals from nine soil pits of the CoForChange project as part of a Master’s. The objective was to understand past and present species composition of the forests in relation with past disturbances. Two anthracological protocols of identification were tested: 1) at species level, by describing the anatomical characteristics of charcoals, by carrying investigations with InsideWood online database, and by comparing anatomical data at XylariumTervuren; 2) at community level, by searching for statistical relationships between ecological traits of species and wood anatomy. The results show that the taxonomic diversity is greater in Marantaceae forests than in lowland forests. Three identifications were obtained from 48 described taxa: Gilbertiodendron dewevrei under G. dewevrei monodominant forest (GIB1 at 40 cm depth, 1510 ± 30 years cal. BP), Millettia drastica and Pterocarpus soyauxii inMarantaceae open forests (F9 at 40 cm, 1200 ± 30 cal. BP). Our hypothesis is that monodominant stands of G. dewevrei are relatively stable. With regard to P. soyauxii, the proportion of this lightdemanding species seems to be decreasing over time (at levels from 20 to 40 cm) for the benefit of Marantaceae. Another result highlights the absence of Triplochiton scleroxylon under T. scleroxylon, which may confirm the hypothesis of the recent settlement of this species. Results on the relationship between wood anatomy and functional traits are still preliminary, and further research will be conducted through a PhD programme. The on-going developments of anthracology in tropical Africa will help to identify a larger number of collected samples, and thus to understand better the evolution of tropical forests. [less ▲]

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See detailAnthrax et charbon
Arrese, J. E.; Pierard-Franchimont, Claudine ULiege; Pierard, Gérald ULiege

in Revue Médicale de Liège (2001), 56(10), 685-8

Anthrax is a name given in French language to two distinct infectious diseases. One corresponds to carbuncle which is a collection of boils. The other one corresponds to the English term anthrax. This ... [more ▼]

Anthrax is a name given in French language to two distinct infectious diseases. One corresponds to carbuncle which is a collection of boils. The other one corresponds to the English term anthrax. This condition has a clinical presentation and an outcome that vary according to the inoculation site being cutaneous, pulmonary or digestive, and to the bacterial and toxin spread in the body. [less ▲]

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See detailAnthropisation des paysages: Structure spatiale, impact écologique, entropie
Vranken, Isabelle ULiege; Bogaert, Jan ULiege; Visser, Marjolein

Poster (2012, February 29)

Structural and thermodynamic applications of entropy related to spatial heterogeneity under growing anthropogenic pressure have been examined. 16 zones from classified LANDSAT TM scenes presenting ... [more ▼]

Structural and thermodynamic applications of entropy related to spatial heterogeneity under growing anthropogenic pressure have been examined. 16 zones from classified LANDSAT TM scenes presenting different anthropogenic effect intensities have been used. Anthropogenic effects, compositional and configurational entropy have been measured. The scatter plot shows bell curves with maximal entropy at intermediate anthropogenic effects. Distinction of natural and anthropogenic classes shows opposed tendencies according to class and compositional/configurational type. These results have been interpreted as spatial transformation processes, energy production and release, and linked to the habitat heterogeneity and intermediate disturbance hypotheses. [less ▲]

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See detailL'anthropisation du paysage et ses impacts sur les écosystèmes forestiers
Bogaert, Jan ULiege; Andre, Marie ULiege; Lejeune, Philippe ULiege et al

Conference (2012, October 24)

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See detailAnthropisation et dynamique des paysages en zone soudanienne au nord du Bénin
Mama, A; Sinsin, B; De Cannière, C et al

in Tropicultura (2013), 31(1), 78-88

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See detailAnthropisation et effets de lisière: impacts sur la diversité des rongeurs dans la Réserve forestière de Masako (Kisangani, R.D. Congo)
Iyongo Waya Mongo, L; Visser, M; De Cannière, C et al

in Tropical Conservation Science (2012), 5(3), 270-283

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See detailAnthropisation et effets de lisière: impacts sur la diversité des rongeurs dans la réserve forestière de Masako (Kisangani, RDC)
Iyongo, L; Visser, M; Verheyen, E et al

Poster (2012)

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See detailAn Anthropo-based Standpoint on Mediating Objects: Evolution and Extension of Industrial Design Practices.
Elsen, Catherine ULiege; Darses, Françoise; Leclercq, Pierre ULiege

in Gero, John (Ed.) Design Computing and Cognition '10 (2010)

This paper questions the new uses of design tools and representations in the industrial field. A two months in situ observation of real industrial practices shows (i) how strongly CAD (Computer-Aided ... [more ▼]

This paper questions the new uses of design tools and representations in the industrial field. A two months in situ observation of real industrial practices shows (i) how strongly CAD (Computer-Aided Design) tools are integrated in work practices, in preliminary design phases as well, and (ii) how design actors sometimes deviate this tool from its initial objectives to use it in complement of sketches’ contributions. A multi-layered study built on an anthropo-based approach helps us to deepen the “mediating objects” analysis. It also suggests considering the complementarities of design tools instead of their differences in order to propose another kind of design support tool. [less ▲]

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See detailAn anthropo-based study of industrial design cooperative practices using "mediating objects"
Elsen, Catherine ULiege; Dawans, Arnaud ULiege; Leclercq, Pierre ULiege

in Lecture Notes in Computer Science (2010), 6240

This paper presents a two months in situ case study analyzing the characteristics of designers’ cooperative work through the use of “mediating objects”. We suggest that the consideration of real and ... [more ▼]

This paper presents a two months in situ case study analyzing the characteristics of designers’ cooperative work through the use of “mediating objects”. We suggest that the consideration of real and evolutionary practices and everyday complementary work tools helps to understand the various cooperative modalities between co-workers and offers good clues for the development of cooperative support systems. [less ▲]

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See detailAnthropo-éthologie des non-humains politiques
Despret, Vinciane ULiege

in Social Science Information (2006), 45(2), 209-226

The temptation to seek in primates our own origin is still found in ethology. More broadly speaking, we see that the animal kingdom is often used as an anthropological operator of identity, using either ... [more ▼]

The temptation to seek in primates our own origin is still found in ethology. More broadly speaking, we see that the animal kingdom is often used as an anthropological operator of identity, using either similitude or inversion or contrast. The observation data most often reflect values, or even preferences, concerning modes of social organization. However, this observation should not lead to relativism. On the contrary, it invites us to envisage ethological knowledge as constructing humans and animals at the same time, together. This article sets out to explore the concrete conditions in which this kind of knowledge can be constructed. © 2006 SAGE Publications. [less ▲]

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See detailThe Anthropocene and the Global Environmental Crisis. Rethinking modernity in a new epoch.
Hamilton, Clive; Bonneuil, Christophe; Gemenne, François ULiege

Book published by Routledge (2015)

The Anthropocene, in which humankind has become a geological force, is a major scientific proposal; but it also means that the conceptions of the natural and social worlds on which sociology, political ... [more ▼]

The Anthropocene, in which humankind has become a geological force, is a major scientific proposal; but it also means that the conceptions of the natural and social worlds on which sociology, political science, history, law, economics and philosophy rest are called into question. The Anthropocene and the Global Environmental Crisis captures some of the radical new thinking prompted by the arrival of the Anthropocene and opens up the social sciences and humanities to the profound meaning of the new geological epoch, the ‘Age of Humans’. Drawing on the expertise of world-recognised scholars and thoughtprovoking intellectuals, the book explores the challenges and difficult questions posed by the convergence of geological and human history to the foundational ideas of modern social science. If in the Anthropocene humans have become a force of nature, changing the functioning of the Earth system as volcanism and glacial cycles do, then it means the end of the idea of nature as no more than the inert backdrop to the drama of human affairs. It means the end of the ‘social-only’ understanding of human history and agency. These pillars of modernity are now destabilised. The scale and pace of the shifts occurring on Earth are beyond human experience and expose the anachronisms of ‘Holocene thinking’. The book explores what kinds of narratives are emerging around the scientific idea of the new geological epoch, and what it means for the ‘politics of unsustainability’. [less ▲]

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See detailAnthropogenic and naturally-produced organobrominated compounds in marine mammals from Brazil
Dorneles, Paulo R; Lailson-Brito, José; Dirtu, Alin C et al

in Environment International (2010), 36(1), 60-67

Liver samples from 51 cetaceans, comprising 10 species, stranded between 1994 and 2006 in a highly industrialized and urbanized region in Southeast Brazil, were analyzed for polybrominated diphenyl ethers ... [more ▼]

Liver samples from 51 cetaceans, comprising 10 species, stranded between 1994 and 2006 in a highly industrialized and urbanized region in Southeast Brazil, were analyzed for polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) and methoxylated-PBDEs (MeO-PBDEs). A concentration range of PBDEs (3-5960 ng/g lw) similar to that observed in Northern Hemisphere dolphins was found. MeO-PBDE concentrations in continental shelf (CS) dolphins from Brazil are among the highest detected to date in cetaceans (up to 250 µg/g lw). Higher [Sigma]MeO-PBDE concentrations were measured in CS and oceanic dolphins than in estuarine dolphins. The [Sigma]PBDE/[Sigma]MeO-PBDE ratio varied significantly ranging from a mean value of 7.12 to 0.08 and 0.01 for estuarine, CS and oceanic species, respectively. A positive correlation was observed between [Sigma]PBDE and year of stranding of male estuarine dolphins (Sotalia guianensis), which suggests temporal variation in the exposure. Placental transfer of organobrominated compounds was also evidenced in S. guianensis. [less ▲]

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See detailAnthropogenic effect on landscapes: spatial structure, ecological impact, entropy
Vranken, Isabelle ULiege; Bogaert, Jan ULiege; Visser, Marjolein

Poster (2012, February 10)

Structural and thermodynamic applications of entropy related to spatial heterogeneity under growing anthropogenic pressure have been examined. 16 zones from classified LANDSAT TM scenes presenting ... [more ▼]

Structural and thermodynamic applications of entropy related to spatial heterogeneity under growing anthropogenic pressure have been examined. 16 zones from classified LANDSAT TM scenes presenting different anthropogenic effect intensities have been used. Anthropogenic effects, compositional and configurational entropy have been measured. The scatter plot shows bell curves with maximal entropy at intermediate anthropogenic effects. Distinction of natural and anthropogenic classes shows opposed tendencies according to class and compositional/configurational type. These results have been interpreted as spatial transformation processes, energy production and release, and linked to the habitat heterogeneity and intermediate disturbance hypotheses. [less ▲]

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See detailAnthropogenic effects in landscapes: Historical context and spatial pattern
Bogaert, Jan ULiege; Vranken, Isabelle ULiege; Andre, Marie ULiege

in Hong, S.-K.; Bogaert, Jan; Min, Q. (Eds.) Biocultural Landscapes: Diversity, Functions and Values (2014)

Bio-cultural landscapes are characterized by anthropogenic pattern features, of which the measurement constitutes a key step in landscape analysis. Metrics and strategies for this measurement of ... [more ▼]

Bio-cultural landscapes are characterized by anthropogenic pattern features, of which the measurement constitutes a key step in landscape analysis. Metrics and strategies for this measurement of anthropogenic patterns and their dynamics are discussed, considering the pattern/process paradigm, the patch-corridor- matrix model and the complementarity of landscape composition and configuration as conceptual benchmarks. Historically, noticeable anthropogenic effects are accepted to have appeared in landscapes after the invention of agriculture and further trends of landscape change could be linked to the development of agriculture. Through time, a sequence of landscape dynamics with three stages is expected, in which a natural landscape matrix is initially substituted by an agricultural one; urban patch types will later on dominate the matrix as a consequence of ongoing urbanization. The importance of the development of agriculture and its productivity for the evolution of settlements, villages and cities is emphasized. Anthropogenic change of landscapes confirms the status of geographical space as a limited resource. [less ▲]

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See detailAnthropogenic effects in landscapes: quantification and ecological effects
Bogaert, Jan ULiege

Conference (2012)

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