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See detailAnxiolytic potential of sulpiride, clozapine and derivatives in the open-field test.
Bruhwyler, J.; Chleide, E.; Liégeois, Jean-François ULg et al

in Pharmacology, Biochemistry & Behavior (1990), 36(1), 57-61

Recently acquired data question the sharp dichotomy between anxiolytics and neuroleptics, since disinhibitory effects have been measured in the rat with very low doses of haloperidol and higher doses of ... [more ▼]

Recently acquired data question the sharp dichotomy between anxiolytics and neuroleptics, since disinhibitory effects have been measured in the rat with very low doses of haloperidol and higher doses of atypical neuroleptics in FI and DRL schedules, but also in the open-field test. That the DA transmission in certain brain regions is involved in some aspects of anxiety has recently been suggested. The present study confirms this hypothesis particularly with high doses of sulpiride (80 mg/kg) and clozapine (24 mg/kg) when tested in the open-field test. Moreover, the results show how a slight chemical modification of clozapine can give a direction to pharmacological activity with one derivative still resembling clozapine and the second one resembling haloperidol. As neuroleptics do not seem to influence the synthesis and utilization of GABA, the higher entry score observed with them would seem to depend above all on DA antagonism in the mesolimbic system. [less ▲]

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See detailAny catastrophic Event at the Frasnian-Famennian Boundary ?
Thomalla, E.; Streel, Maurice ULg; Vanguestaine, Michel

in Acta Universitatis Carolinae. Geologica (1997), 40

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See detailAnything & Everything: Prose Poems and Microessays
Delville, Michel ULg; Lombardo, Gian

Book published by Quale Press (2016)

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See detail“‘Anywhere Out of This World:’ Cognition, Perversion and Arbitrariness in Paul Auster’s Metaphysical Detective Stories”
Dechene, Antoine ULg

in Time, Narrative, and Imagination: Essays on Paul Auster (2015)

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See detailAOB community structure and richness under European beech, sessile oak, Norway spruce and Douglas-fir at three temperate forest sites
Malchair, Sandrine ULg; Carnol, Monique ULg

in Plant and Soil (2013), 366(1-2),

Abstract Background and aims The relations between tree species, microbial diversity and activity can alter ecosystem functioning. We investigated ammonia oxidizing bacteria (AOB) community structure and ... [more ▼]

Abstract Background and aims The relations between tree species, microbial diversity and activity can alter ecosystem functioning. We investigated ammonia oxidizing bacteria (AOB) community structure and richness, microbial/environmental factors related to AOB diversity and the relationship between AOB diversity and the nitrification process under several tree species. Methods Forest floor (Of, Oh) was sampled under European beech, sessile oak, Norway spruce and Douglas-fir at three sites. AOB community structure was assessed by PCR-DGGE and sequencing. Samples were analyzed for net N mineralization, potential nitrification, basal respiration, microbial biomass, microbial or metabolic quotient, pH, total nitrogen, extractable ammonium, organic matter content and exchangeable cations. Results AOB community structure and tree species effect on AOB diversity were site-specific. AOB richness was not related to nitrification. Factors regulating ammonium availability, i.e. net N mineralization or microbial biomass, were related to AOB community structure. Conclusion Our research shows that, at larger spatial scales, site specific characteristics may be more important than the nature of tree species in determining AOB diversity (richness and community structure). Within sites, tree species influence AOB diversity. The absence of a relation between AOB richness and nitrification points to a possibly role of AOB abundance, phenotypic plasticity or the implication of ammonia oxidizing archaea. [less ▲]

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See detailAOP/IGP : Gage d'origine et de spécificités ?
Tielemans, Magali ULg; Sindic, Marianne ULg

Conference given outside the academic context (2016)

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See detailAOP/IGP en viande et produits de viande - Intérêts, difficultés et perspectives
Sindic, Marianne ULg; Helleputte, Murielle ULg

Scientific conference (2012, March 07)

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See detailL'aorte thoracique, source sous-estimée d'accidents ischémiques cérébraux
Hoffer, E.; Appeltants, H.; Pierard, Luc ULg

in Revue Médicale de Liège (1997), 52(11), 736-7

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See detailAortic coarctation treated by extraanatomic aortic bypass.
GARWEG, Christophe ULg; MELON, Pierre ULg; LANCELLOTTI, Patrizio ULg

in Acta Cardiologica (2010), 65(3), 365

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See detailAortic collagen biosynthesis during renal hypertension, pregnancy and hypertension during pregnancy in the rat.
Foidart, Jean-Michel ULg; Rorive, Georges ULg; Nusgens, Betty ULg

in Biomedicine (1978), 28(4), 215-9

The synthesis and deposition of collagen and other proteins has been measured in the aorta of the rat by radiolabeling in short term organ culture. Under these conditions, the synthesis of collagen and ... [more ▼]

The synthesis and deposition of collagen and other proteins has been measured in the aorta of the rat by radiolabeling in short term organ culture. Under these conditions, the synthesis of collagen and other proteins is linear for at least five hours. Autoradiography demonstrates a labeling in all cell layers and protein deposition in the extracellular matrix. Hypertension was induced by renal ischemia using Goldblatt's technique. The synthesis and deposition of collagen was stimulated in aorta from the first week of hypertension and in pregnancy, and was even more increased in hypertensive pregnant animals. Reserpine suppresses the rise in blood pressure in operated animals and prevents these modifications. [less ▲]

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See detailAortic dissection.
Nienaber, Christoph A.; Clough, Rachel E.; Sakalihasan, Natzi ULg et al

in Nature reviews. Disease primers (2016), 2

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See detailAortic valve replacement in octogenarians: operative outcome and long-term results
Kolh, Philippe ULg; Kerzmann, Arnaud ULg; Jacquart, Julie ULg et al

in European Heart Journal (2005, September), 26(Suppl. 1), 676

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See detailAortic Valve Replacement in the Octogenarians: Perioperative Outcome and Clinical Follow-Up
Kolh, Philippe ULg; Lahaye, Laurent; Gérard, Paul ULg et al

in European Journal of Cardio - Thoracic Surgery (1999), 16(1), 68-73

OBJECTIVES: To determine long-term results of aortic valve replacement (AVR) in patients 80 years old or older, and assess the factors influencing perioperative outcome. METHODS: Data were reviewed on 83 ... [more ▼]

OBJECTIVES: To determine long-term results of aortic valve replacement (AVR) in patients 80 years old or older, and assess the factors influencing perioperative outcome. METHODS: Data were reviewed on 83 consecutive octogenarians, undergoing aortic valve replacement between 1992 and 1997. There were 66 women and 17 men (mean age: 82.8 years). Fifty-seven patients (69%) were in New York Heart Association (NYHA) class III-IV and six had previous myocardial infarction. Three patients had previous percutaneous aortic valvuloplasty. There were 19 urgent procedures (23%). Coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) was performed on 21 patients (25%). Possible influence of preoperative and operative variables on early and late mortality was performed with univariate and multivariate statistical analysis, and survival was estimated with the Kaplan-Meier method. RESULTS: Operative mortality was 13% (9% for AVR, 24% for AVR-CABG). Postoperative complications were respiratory failure in 19 patients, atrial fibrillation in 19, hemodialysis in four, myocardial infarction in four and stroke in two patients. Five patients required pacemaker insertion for permanent atrioventricular block. Median hospital stay and intensive care unit stay were 19.8 +/- 12.2 days and 7.9 +/- 3.4 days, respectively. Multivariate predictors of hospital death (P < 0.05) were percutaneous aortic valvuloplasty, NYHA class IV, and urgent procedure. Mean follow-up was 26.5 months. Survival at 1, 2, and 5 years was 98.5 +/- 1.4% (63 patients at risk), 93.4 +/- 3.2% (47 patients at risk), and 78.2 +/- 6.9% (six patients at risk), respectively. Preoperative myocardial infarction and urgent procedure were independent predictors of late death. At most recent follow-up, 91% were angina free and 81% were in class I-II. CONCLUSIONS: Aortic valve replacement in octogenarians can be performed with acceptable mortality. These results stress the importance of early operation on elderly patients with aortic valve disease. Both long-term survival and functional recovery are excellent. [less ▲]

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See detailAortic valve surgery in octogenarians: predictive factors for operative and long-term results
Kolh, Philippe ULg; Kerzmann, Arnaud ULg; Honoré, Charles ULg et al

in European Journal of Cardio - Thoracic Surgery (2007), 31(4), 600-605

Objective: To assess factors influencing operative and tong-term outcome in octogenarians undergoing aortic valve surgery (AVR). Methods: Records of 220 consecutive octogenarians having AVR between 1992 ... [more ▼]

Objective: To assess factors influencing operative and tong-term outcome in octogenarians undergoing aortic valve surgery (AVR). Methods: Records of 220 consecutive octogenarians having AVR between 1992 and 2004 were reviewed, and follow-up obtained (99% complete). Of the group (mean age: 82.8 years; 174 females), 142 patients (65%) were in New York Heart Association (NYHA) class III-IV, 22 (10%) had previous myocardial infarction, 11 (5%) had previous coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG), and 8 (4%) had percutaneous aortic valvuloplasty. There were 44 urgent procedures (20%), and additional CABG was performed in 58 patients (26%). Results: Operative mortality was 13% (9% for AVR, 24% for AVR + CABG). Among the 29 patients who died, 14 (48%) were operated on urgently (32% mortality for urgent procedures). Causes of hospital death were respiratory insufficiency or infection in 16 patients (16/29 = 55%), myocardial, infarction in 8 (28%), stroke in 2 (7%), sepsis in 2 (7%), and renal failure in 1 (3%). Significant postoperative complications were atrial fibrillation in 48 patients (22%), respiratory insufficiency in 46 (21%), permanent atrio-ventricular bloc in 12 (5%), myocardial infarction in 10 (5%), hemodialysis in 4 (2%), and stroke in 4 (2%). Mean hospital and intensive care unit (ICU) stays were 17.6 +/- 5.2 and 6.9 +/- 3.4 days, respectively. Multivariate predictors (p < 0.05) of hospital death were urgent procedure, associated CABG, NYHA class IV, and percutaneous aortic valvuloplasty. Age, associated CABG, and urgent procedure were predictors of prolonged ICU stay. Mean follow-up was 58.2 months and actuarial 5-year survival was 73.2 +/- 6.9%. Age, preoperative myocardial infarction, urgent procedure, and duration of ICU stay were independent predictors of late death. Among 130 patients alive at follow-up, 91% were angina free and 81% in class I-II. Conclusions: AVR in octogenarians can be performed with acceptable mortality, although significant morbidity. These results stress the importance of early operation on elderly patients with aortic valve disease, avoiding urgent procedures. Associated coronary artery disease is a harbinger of poor operative outcome. Long-term survival and functional recovery are excellent. (c) 2007 European Association for Cardio-Thoracic Surgery. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. [less ▲]

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See detailAortofemorographie par resonance magnetique nucleaire versus arteriographie conventionnelle: evaluation prospective.
NCHIMI LONGANG, Alain ULg; Brisbois, D.; Donkers, E. et al

in JBR-BTR : organe de la Societe royale belge de radiologie (SRBR) = orgaan van de Koninklijke Belgische Vereniging voor Radiologie (KBVR) (2002), 85(5), 246-51

PURPOSE: To determine how far MRA of lower limbs obviates the need for pre-therapeutic DSA. MATERIALS AND METHOD: Three-step 3-D gadolinium enhanced aortofemorography with a moving bed was prospectively ... [more ▼]

PURPOSE: To determine how far MRA of lower limbs obviates the need for pre-therapeutic DSA. MATERIALS AND METHOD: Three-step 3-D gadolinium enhanced aortofemorography with a moving bed was prospectively compared to DSA in 49 consecutive patients (40 males, 9 females; age range 38-80 years; mean age 64 years). According to Leriche and Fontaine's clinical gradation of lower limb ischemia, 5 patients were graded I, 37 graded II, 4 graded III, and 3 graded IV. Two observers graded stenoses for DSA and three for MRA. Cohen's kappa statistics were used to evaluate interobserver variability using MRA, as well as to compare MRA to DSA. In addition, sensitivity, specificity, positive and negative predictive values of MRA for the assessment of stenosis superior to 80% were calculated by using DSA as a gold standard, respectively for arterial trunks above and below the level of the knees. RESULTS: Overall accuracy of MRA was 92%. Comparison of DSA and MRA yielded a kappa value of 0.87 (0.95 for arterial trunks located above the level of the knees and 0.75 below). Interobserver agreement was very good. Sensitivity, specificity, positive and negative predictive values of MRA for the diagnosis of > 80% stenosis were respectively 98, 98, 85 and 99% above the level of the knees and 87, 91, 77 and 96% below the knees. CONCLUSION: MRA can be considered as valuable technique for the evaluation of peripheral arterial obstructive disease, especially for stenosis located above the level of the knees. [less ▲]

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See detailAortopexy reduces anastomosis stress after repair of coarctation.
Vazquez-Jimenez, J. F.; Sachweh, J. S.; Seipelt, R. et al

in Annals of Thoracic Surgery (2001), 72(1), 294-5

Restenosis after repair of coarctation with hypoplastic distal aortic arch is an important complication. Complete removal of ductal tissue, resection of isthmus area, and side-to-side arterioplasty of the ... [more ▼]

Restenosis after repair of coarctation with hypoplastic distal aortic arch is an important complication. Complete removal of ductal tissue, resection of isthmus area, and side-to-side arterioplasty of the distal aortic arch leads to a wide distance between the aortic arch and descending aorta; therefore, the anastomosis may remain under tension, increasing risk of restenosis. To reduce the tension, aortopexy of the descending aorta was used. The operative technique and the results in 16 neonates and infants are presented. [less ▲]

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See detailAP 11, 15 (Ammianos): Dreifacher Schutz vor dem Tode
Vanhaegendoren, Koen ULg

in Eranos (2006), 104(2), 113-116

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See detailAP and MN-centric Mobility Prediction: A Comparative Study Based On Wireless Traces
François, Jean-Marc; Leduc, Guy ULg

in Lecture Notes in Computer Science (2007, May), 4479

The mobility prediction problem is defined as guessing a mobile node's next access point as it moves through a wireless network. Those predictions help take proactive measures in order to guarantee a ... [more ▼]

The mobility prediction problem is defined as guessing a mobile node's next access point as it moves through a wireless network. Those predictions help take proactive measures in order to guarantee a given quality of service. Prediction agents can be divided into two main categories: agents related to a specific terminal (responsible for anticipating its own movements) and those related to an access point (which predict the next access point of all the mobiles connected through it). This paper aims at comparing those two schemes using real traces of a large WiFi network. Several observations are made, such as the difficulties encountered to get a reliable trace of mobiles motion, the unexpectedly small difference between both methods in terms of accuracy, and the inadequacy of commonly admitted hypotheses (such as the different motion behaviours between the week-end and the rest of the week). [less ▲]

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