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See detailIs it possible to detect bovine treated with BST?
Bertozzi, C.; Portetelle, Daniel ULg; Mestdagt, M. et al

in Biotechnology in animal husbandry (2001)

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See detailIs it possible to improve communication around radiotherapy delivery: A randomized study to assess the efficacy of team training?
Liénard, Aurore; Delevallez, France; Razavi, Darius et al

in Radiotherapy & Oncology (in press)

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See detailIs it possible to improve radiotherapy team members’ communication skills. A randomized study assessing the efficacy of a 38h communications skills training program
GIBON, Anne-Sophie; MERCKAERT, Isabelle; LIENARD, Aurore et al

in Radiotherapy & Oncology (2013), 109(1), 170177

Background and purpose: Optimizing communication between radiotherapy team members and patients and between colleagues requires training. This study applies a randomized controlled design to assess the ... [more ▼]

Background and purpose: Optimizing communication between radiotherapy team members and patients and between colleagues requires training. This study applies a randomized controlled design to assess the efficacy of a 38-h communication skills training program. Material and methods: Four radiotherapy teams were randomly assigned either to a training program or to a waiting list. Team members’ communication skills and their self-efficacy to communicate in the context of an encounter with a simulated patient were the primary endpoints. These encounters were scheduled at the baseline and after training for the training group, and at the baseline and four months later for the waiting list group. Encounters were audiotaped and transcribed. Transcripts were analyzed with content analysis software (LaComm) and by an independent rater. Results: Eighty team members were included in the study. Compared to untrained team members, trained team members used more turns of speech with content oriented toward available resources in the team (relative rate [RR] = 1.38; p = 0.023), more assessment utterances (RR = 1.69; p < 0.001), more empathy (RR = 4.05; p = 0.037), more negotiation (RR = 2.34; p = 0.021) and more emotional words (RR = 1.32; p = 0.030), and their self-efficacy to communicate increased (p = 0.024 and p = 0.008, respectively). Conclusions: The training program was effective in improving team members’ communication skills and their self-efficacy to communicate in the context of an encounter with a simulated patient. Future study should assess the effect of this training program on communication with actual patients and their satisfaction. Moreover a cost-benefit analysis is needed, before implementing such an intensive training program on a broader scale. [less ▲]

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See detailIs it possible to improve residents breaking bad news skills? A randomised study assessing the efficacy of a communication skills training program
Liénard, A.; Merckaert, I.; Libert, Y. et al

in British Journal of Cancer (2010), 103

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See detailIs it possible to improve residents breaking bad news skills? A randomised study assessing the efficacy of a communication skills training program
Liénard, A.; Merckaert, I.; Libert, Y. et al

in Psycho-oncology (2009, June), 18 (Suppl. 2)

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See detailIs it possible to improve residents' breaking bad news skills in a simulated three-person consultation? A randomized study assessing the efficacy of a communicatin skills training program
Liénard, A.; Merckaert, I.; Libert, Y. et al

in Psycho-oncology (2010, May), 19(Suppl.2)(1-313), 96

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See detailIs it possible to improve residents' communication skills and patients' satisfaction? A randomised study assessing the efficacy of a communication and stress management skills training program
Liénard, Aurore; Merckaert, Isabelle; Libert, Yves et al

in Patient Education & Counseling (2009, September), 76(3),

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See detailIs it possible to improve the breaking bad news skills of residents when a relative is present? A randomised study.
Merckaert, Isabelle; Liénard, Aurore; Libert, Yves et al

in British Journal of Cancer (2013), 109

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See detailIs it possible to obtain a coherent image of the texture of a porous material?
Noville, Francis ULg; Gommes, Cédric ULg; Doneux, C. et al

in Studies in Surface Science and Catalysis (2002), 144

This study consists in verifying the coherence of a few commonly used analysis methods of nitrogen adsorption-desorption isotherms. These methods were tested on model samples obtained by mechanically ... [more ▼]

This study consists in verifying the coherence of a few commonly used analysis methods of nitrogen adsorption-desorption isotherms. These methods were tested on model samples obtained by mechanically mixing two micro- and mesoporous solids respectively with known, mass proportions. Although the individual analysis methods may lead to discrepancies in the interpretation of the isotherms, their systematic comparison allows drawing a coherent picture of the porous texture. [less ▲]

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See detailIs it possible to obtain a coherent image of the texture of porous materials?
Noville, Francis; Gommes, Cédric ULg; Pirard, Jean-Paul ULg et al

Poster (2002, December)

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See detailIs it safe to design a building structure with simple connections, when they are known to exhibit a semi-rigid behaviour
Braham, M.; Jaspart, Jean-Pierre ULg

in Proceedings of the Third European Conference on Steel Structures (EUROSTEEL) (2002)

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See detailIs it safe to design a building structure with simple joints, when they are known to exhibit a semi-rigid behaviour?
Braham, Marc ULg; Jaspart, Jean-Pierre ULg

in Journal of Constructional Steel Research (2004), 60(3-5, MAR-MAY), 713-723

It is shown, by means of computer simulations of the behaviour of a real structure, that it is safe to design a building with the assumption of pinned joints, even when they show a semi-rigid behaviour ... [more ▼]

It is shown, by means of computer simulations of the behaviour of a real structure, that it is safe to design a building with the assumption of pinned joints, even when they show a semi-rigid behaviour. This result is however limited to the cases where the joints show a high ductility, i.e. a capacity of large deformation before the rupture of either the bolts or the welds. Only in few, probably unrealistic cases, this assumption will lead to unsafe results, the lack of safety being however very small, amounting only to a few percent. (C) 2003 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. [less ▲]

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See detailIs it the end of TIPS
Dondelinger; Trotteur; Capasso et al

Scientific conference (1994)

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See detailIs it time for implementation of tight glycaemia control by intensive insulin therapy in every ICU?
Devos, P.; Preiser, Jean-Charles ULg

in Critical Care (2006), 10(2), 130

The second study on tight glycaemia control by intensive insulin therapy (IIT) confirmed in medical intensive care unit patients the decrease in hospital mortality reported by the same team in the first ... [more ▼]

The second study on tight glycaemia control by intensive insulin therapy (IIT) confirmed in medical intensive care unit patients the decrease in hospital mortality reported by the same team in the first IIT trial in surgical patients. However, methodological concerns, the high rate of hypoglycaemia in spite of the infusion of large doses of parenteral glucose and the frequent use of steroids presently preclude considering these results as recommendations in other intensive care units, but rather argue for the need for large-scale assessment of the IIT approach by multi-centre studies to confirm the efficacy and safety of this therapeutic modality. [less ▲]

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See detailIs it useful to view the brain as a secondary sexual characteristic?
Ball, Gregory F.; Balthazart, Jacques ULg; McCarthy, Margaret M.

in Neuroscience and biobehavioral reviews (2014), 46 Pt 4

Many sex differences in brain and behavior related to reproduction are thought to have evolved based on sexual selection involving direct competition for mates during male-male competition and female ... [more ▼]

Many sex differences in brain and behavior related to reproduction are thought to have evolved based on sexual selection involving direct competition for mates during male-male competition and female choice. Therefore, certain aspects of brain circuitry can be viewed as secondary sexual characteristics. The study of proximate causes reveals that sex differences in the brain of mammals and birds reflect organizational and activational effects of sex steroids as articulated by Young and collaborators. However, sex differences in brain and behavior have been identified in the cognitive domain with no obvious link to reproduction. Recent views of sexual selection advocate for a broader view of how intra-sexual selection might occur including such examples as competition within female populations for resources that facilitate access to mates rather than mating competition per se. Sex differences can also come about for other reasons than sexual selection and recent work on neuroendocrine mechanisms has identified a plethora of ways that the brain can develop in a sex specific manner. Identifying the brain as sexually selected requires careful hypothesis testing so that one can link a sex-biased aspect of a neural trait to a behavior that provides an advantage in a competitive mating situation. [less ▲]

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See detailIs it valid to measure suicidal ideation by depression rating scales?
Desseilles, Martin ULg; Perroud, Nader; Guillaume, Sebastien et al

in Journal of affective disorders (2012), 136(3), 398-404

OBJECTIVE: To date, most researchers rely on suicidal items of scales primarily designed to measure depression severity to capture suicidal ideation (SI). This study aims at investigating how well the ... [more ▼]

OBJECTIVE: To date, most researchers rely on suicidal items of scales primarily designed to measure depression severity to capture suicidal ideation (SI). This study aims at investigating how well the suicide item of the clinician rated Hamilton Scale for Depression (HAM-D) and principal factors derived from this scale correlate with SI scores derived from a well validated measure of SI: the Beck's scale for SI (SSI). METHOD: 281 suicide attempters consecutively hospitalized between 2007 and 2009 were assessed by using the SSI, the HAM-D and the self-report Beck Depression Inventory (BDI). Principal Component Analysis (PCA) was computed to extract main factors. Correlations between these factors, BDI's and HAM-D's suicide items and the SSI scores were then computed. RESULTS: Three components were derived from the PCA. Factor 2 showed a major loading for the HAM-D suicide item. Both the HAM-D suicide item and Factor 2 positively correlated with the SSI total score (both p<0.00001). Moreover, the BDI suicide item highly correlated with the Factor 2 (p<0.001) and the SSI total score (p<0.00001). Finally, the HAM-D suicide item correlated significantly with the number of suicide attempts (p=0.0001) and the age at the first attempt (p=0.002). LIMITATIONS: Our sample was heterogeneous and future studies should refine the taxonomy of the suicidal behavior in specific sub-populations. The study design was cross-sectional and replication in a prospective study is needed. CONCLUSION: These findings suggest that the use of a single suicide item or a dimensional factor derived from a depression scale might be a valid approach to assess the suicidal ideations. Moreover, the results suggest that clinician rated scales as well as self-report questionnaires are equally valid to do so. [less ▲]

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See detailIs it worth protecting groundwater from diffuse pollution with agri-environmental schemes? A hydro-economic modeling approach
Hérivaux, Cécile; Orban, Philippe ULg; Brouyère, Serge ULg

in Journal of Environmental Management (2013), 128

In Europe, 30% of groundwater bodies are considered to be at risk of not achieving the Water Framework Directive (WFD) ‘good status’ objective by 2015, and 45% are in doubt of doing so. Diffuse ... [more ▼]

In Europe, 30% of groundwater bodies are considered to be at risk of not achieving the Water Framework Directive (WFD) ‘good status’ objective by 2015, and 45% are in doubt of doing so. Diffuse agricultural pollution is one of the main pressures affecting groundwater bodies. To tackle this problem, the WFD requires Member States to design and implement cost-effective programs of measures to achieve the ‘good status’ objective by 2027 at the latest. Hitherto, action plans have mainly consisted of promoting the adoption of Agri- Environmental Schemes (AES). This raises a number of questions concerning the effectiveness of such schemes for improving groundwater status, and the economic implications of their implementation. We propose a hydro-economic model that combines a hydrogeological model to simulate groundwater quality evolution with agronomic and economic components to assess the expected costs, effectiveness, and benefits of AES implementation. This hydro-economic model can be used to identify cost-effective AES combinations at groundwater-body scale and to show the benefits to be expected from the resulting improvement in groundwater quality. The model is applied here to a rural area encompassing the Hesbaye aquifer, a large chalk aquifer which supplies about 230,000 inhabitants in the city of Liege (Belgium) and is severely contaminated by agricultural nitrates. We show that the time frame within which improvements in the Hesbaye groundwater quality can be expected may be much longer than that required by the WFD. Current WFD programs based on AES may be inappropriate for achieving the ‘good status’ objective in the most productive agricultural areas, in particular because these schemes are insufficiently attractive. Achieving ‘good status’ by 2027 would demand a substantial change in the design of AES, involving costs that may not be offset by benefits in the case of chalk aquifers with long renewal times. [less ▲]

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See detailIs laparoscopy still the gold standard in infertility assessment? A comparison of fertiloscopy versus laparoscopy in infertility. Results of an international multicentre prospective trial: the 'FLY' (Fertiloscopy-LaparoscopY) study.
Watrelot, A.; NISOLLE, Michelle ULg; Chelli, H. et al

in Human Reproduction (2003), 18(4), 834-9

BACKGROUND: The aim of this prospective multicentre study was to compare the two endoscopic techniques of laparoscopy and fertiloscopy in routine evaluation of the pelvis in infertile women. METHODS: A ... [more ▼]

BACKGROUND: The aim of this prospective multicentre study was to compare the two endoscopic techniques of laparoscopy and fertiloscopy in routine evaluation of the pelvis in infertile women. METHODS: A total of 92 women was selected in 14 University Hospitals to undergo fertiloscopy followed by transabdominal laparoscopy by a team of two surgeons in each hospital. RESULTS: A high degree of concordance was observed between these two techniques, in that if fertiloscopy did not detect any abnormalities, this was also confirmed by laparoscopy. Discordance was observed in similar numbers of cases: eight after laparoscopy and nine after fertiloscopy. The diagnostic index for fertiloscopy and laparoscopy was calculated; sensitivity (86 and 87% respectively) and negative predictive value (64 and 67% respectively) were similar. The kappa index was also calculated for each of the six structures/regions (right/left tube; right/left ovary; peritoneum of pouch of Douglas; posterior uterus), and concordance (0.78 to 0.91) was considered almost complete. CONCLUSIONS: These results confirm fertiloscopy as a minimally invasive safe procedure that may be considered as an alternative to diagnostic laparoscopy in the routine assessment of women without clinical or ultrasound evidence of pelvic disease. On the basis of the additional advantages of fertiloscopy, namely salpingoscopy or microsalpingoscopy, it is considered that fertiloscopy could replace laparoscopy as a routine procedure in such women. [less ▲]

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