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See detailMaxbias curves of robust scale estimators based on subranges
Croux, C.; Haesbroeck, Gentiane ULg

in Metrika (2001), 53(2), 101-122

A maxbias curve is a powerful tool to describe the robustness of an estimator. It is an asymptotic concept which tells how much an estimator can change due to a given fraction of contamination. In this ... [more ▼]

A maxbias curve is a powerful tool to describe the robustness of an estimator. It is an asymptotic concept which tells how much an estimator can change due to a given fraction of contamination. In this paper, maxbias curves are computed for some univariate scale estimators based on subranges: trimmed standard deviations, interquantile ranges and the univariate Minimum Volume Ellipsoid (MVE) and Minimum Covariance Determinant (MCD) scale estimators. These estimators are intuitively appealing and easy to calculate. Since the bias behavior of scale estimators may differ depending on the type of contamination (outliers or inliers), expressions for both explosion and implosion maxbias curves are given. On the basis of robustness and efficiency arguments, the MCD scale estimator with 25% breakdown point can be recommended for practical use. [less ▲]

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See detailLe maxillaire édenté complet
ROMPEN, Eric ULg; LAMBERT, France ULg; LAMY, Marc ULg

in Missika, Patrick (Ed.) 25 cas d'école en implantologie (2013)

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See detailLe maxillaire édenté. Critères de choix d'une réhabilitation prothétique implantaire.
Lamy, Marc ULg

in Revue d'Odonto-Stomatologie [=ROS] (2011), 40(2), 89-101

The completely edentulous maxilla can be considered as a real handicap for many patients. Implantology has revolutionized and transformed the lives of these patients. To achieve a proper result, an ... [more ▼]

The completely edentulous maxilla can be considered as a real handicap for many patients. Implantology has revolutionized and transformed the lives of these patients. To achieve a proper result, an implant treatment plan must be defined corresponding to the clinical situation. To determine the best choice of implant-prosthetic rehabilitation, the decision making will be guided by three elements. Firstly, the available space for prosthetic rehabilitation will be determined in the pre-implant prosthetic study which is an absolutely essential step. It is, indeed, the prosthesis which guides the surgery and not the opposite.Asecond element is the long-term success rate of implant rehabilitations.Are certain rehabilitations superior to others on this subject? Finally the third element is the patient satisfaction at the end of the treatment. It is an essential element as it is the ultimate goal of the treatments. [less ▲]

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See detailMaxillary reconstruction by parietal bone grafts before implant placement: a histomorphometrical study
MAINJOT, Amélie ULg

Master of advanced studies dissertation (2000)

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See detailMaximal bifix decoding
Berthé, Valérie; De Felice, Clelia; Dolce, Francesco et al

in Discrete Mathematics (in press)

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See detailMaximal cardiac pumping capacity in double-muscled cattle as determined by a pharmacological test
Amory, Hélène ULg; Mc Entee, Kathleen ULg; Linden, Annick ULg et al

in Pflügers Archiv : European Journal of Physiology (1995), 430

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See detailMaximal diaphragmatic strength measurement in healthy unsedated calves
Desmecht, Daniel ULg; Rollin, Frédéric ULg; Amory, Hélène ULg et al

in Archives Internationales de Physiologie et de Biochimie (1989)

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See detailMaximal Entropy Inference of Oncogenicity from Phosphorylation Signaling
Graeber, T. G.; Heath, J. R.; Skaggs, B. J. et al

in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America (2010), 107

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See detailMaximal entropy multivariate analysis
Remacle, Françoise ULg; Arumugam, Rameshkumar; Levine, R. D.

in Molecular Physics (2012), 110

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See detailMaximal subalgebras of vector fields for equivariant quantizations
Boniver, Fabien; Mathonet, Pierre ULg

in Journal of Mathematical Physics (2001), 42(2), 582-589

The elaboration of new quantization methods has recently developed the interest in the study of subalgebras of the Lie algebra of polynomial vector fields over a Euclidean space. In this framework, these ... [more ▼]

The elaboration of new quantization methods has recently developed the interest in the study of subalgebras of the Lie algebra of polynomial vector fields over a Euclidean space. In this framework, these subalgebras define maximal equivariance conditions that one can impose on a linear bijection between observables that are polynomial in the momenta and differential operators. Here, we determine which finite dimensional graded Lie subalgebras are maximal. In order to characterize these, we make use of results of Guillemin, Singer, and Sternberg and Kobayashi and Nagano. [less ▲]

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See detailMaximal Ventilation Assessment in Healthy Calves
Bureau, Fabrice ULg; Coghe, J.; Uystepruyst, C. H. et al

in Veterinary Journal (1999), 157(3), 309-314

In order to define a reliable method for estimating maximal ventilation in cattle, 12 healthy calves underwent a rebreathing trial and injections of increasing doses of lobeline, a respiratory analeptic ... [more ▼]

In order to define a reliable method for estimating maximal ventilation in cattle, 12 healthy calves underwent a rebreathing trial and injections of increasing doses of lobeline, a respiratory analeptic. The effects of these tests on the main ventilatory parameters (tidal volume, VT; respiratory frequency, fR and minute volume,.VE) recorded during the 15 s of maximal response were studied and compared. The sharp rise in.VE(4.8 times higher than the resting value) observed during the rebreathing trial was mainly due to an increase in VT. This rise in ventilation was the highest ever reported in calves. Lobeline dose-dependently enhanced ventilation up to a threshold dose of 0.25 mg/kg, which always produced a maximal response. This maximal response (3.7 times higher than the resting value), reflecting both an increase in fR and VT, was reproducible at an interval of 12 h and was highly correlated with that observed during the rebreathing trial (R = 0.98, P< 0.001). These results suggest that: (1) rebreathing trial is a reliable method to induce and measure maximal ventilation in calves; and (2) lobeline administration (0.25 mg/kg) is a reliable means of accurately estimating this variable. Lobeline administration, unlike the rebreathing trial, is safe and easy to standardize, and the test therefore seems to be the preferred way of studying maximal ventilation in calves. [less ▲]

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See detailMaximal ventilation in calves : assessment and prediction
Bureau, Fabrice ULg; Coghe, J.; Uystepruyst, Ch et al

in Proceedings: XX Congress of the World Association for Buiatrics (1998)

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See detailMaximalisme poétique et poétique maximaliste
Delville, Michel ULg

Scientific conference (2003, February 11)

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See detailMAXIMIZATION OF PULL-IN VOLTAGE OF MICRO-ELECTROMECHANICAL STRUCTURES USING TOPOLOGY OPTIMIZATION
Lemaire, Etienne ULg; Rochus, Véronique ULg; Fleury, Claude ULg et al

Conference (2006)

The design problem consists in maximizing the pull-in voltage using topology optimization method, which is formulated as an optimal material distribution. In addition to the classical volume constraint ... [more ▼]

The design problem consists in maximizing the pull-in voltage using topology optimization method, which is formulated as an optimal material distribution. In addition to the classical volume constraint, different structural constraints could be taken into consideration. Sensitivity analysis is one of the key issues of the optimization process and is performed with the formulation of eigenvalue topology optimization problems. Here the paper investigates topology optimization of strongly coupled electromechanical systems. To avoid important modifications of the electric field by the optimization process, this first study considers a non design electrode and use topology optimization to design an optimal suspension structure. Solution procedure of the optimization problem is based on CONLIN optimizer using a sequential convex programming. This method that has proved its efficiency in many structural problems (sizing, shape) is here tailored to strongly coupled multiphysics design problems under consideration. The choice of appropriate explicit convex approximations schemes for multiphysic problems is investigated. The proposed method is illustrated and validated on microbeam optimization applications. [less ▲]

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See detailThe maximum deviation just-in-time scheduling problem
Brauner, Nadia; Crama, Yves ULg

in Discrete Applied Mathematics (2004), 134(1-3), 25-50

This note revisits the maximum deviation just-in-time (MDJIT) scheduling problem previously investigated by Steiner and Yeomans. Its main result is a set of algebraic necessary and sufficient conditions ... [more ▼]

This note revisits the maximum deviation just-in-time (MDJIT) scheduling problem previously investigated by Steiner and Yeomans. Its main result is a set of algebraic necessary and sufficient conditions for the existence of a MDJIT schedule with a given objective function value. These conditions are used to provide a finer analysis of the complexity of the MDJIT problem. The note also investigates various special cases of the MDJIT problem and suggests several questions for further investigation. (C) 2003 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. [less ▲]

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See detailMaximum entropy approach to the identification of stochastic reduced-order models of nonlinear dynamical systems
Arnst, Maarten ULg; Ghanem, Roger; Masri, Sami

in Aeronautical Journal (2010), 114(1160), 637-650

Data-driven methodologies based on the restoring force method have been developed over the past few decades for building predictive reduced-order models (ROMs) of nonlinear dynamical systems. These ... [more ▼]

Data-driven methodologies based on the restoring force method have been developed over the past few decades for building predictive reduced-order models (ROMs) of nonlinear dynamical systems. These methodologies involve fitting a polynomial expansion of the restoring force in the dominant state variables to observed states of the system. ROMs obtained in this way are usually prone to errors and uncertainties due to the approximate nature of the polynomial expansion and experimental limitations. We develop in this article a stochastic methodology that endows these errors and uncertainties with a probabilistic structure in order to obtain a quantitative description of the proximity between the ROM and the system that it purports to represent. Specifically, we propose an entropy maximization procedure for constructing a multi-variate probability distribution for the coefficients of power-series expansions of restoring forces. An illustration in stochastic aeroelastic stability analysis is provided to demonstrate the proposed framework. [less ▲]

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See detailMaximum entropy at intermediate anthropogenic dynamics
Vranken, Isabelle ULg; Bogaert, Jan ULg

in Jones, Bruce; Fu, Bojie (Eds.) The 8th World congress of the International Association of Landscape Ecology: Proceedings, Beijing, August 18-23, 2011 (2011, August 20)

Landscape entropy represents heterogeneity within a landscape (Renyi, 1961; Bogaert et al., 2005). Previous researches found increasing values of entropy by studying a limited number of zones increasingly ... [more ▼]

Landscape entropy represents heterogeneity within a landscape (Renyi, 1961; Bogaert et al., 2005). Previous researches found increasing values of entropy by studying a limited number of zones increasingly affected by anthropogenic effect (O’Neill et al., 1988; Bogaert et al., 2005). The present research aims to generalise the relationship between anthropogenic effect and landscape entropy, with a further goal of linking these concepts to overall biodiversity. 16 study zones from classified LANDSAT TM scenes and Africover maps presenting different anthropogenic effect intensities have been used (Djibu et al., 2008; Bamba et al., 2010; Barima et al., 2010; Munyemba, 2010; Vranken et al., 2011). Simpson's H diversity index based on class number has been used for entropy measurement (Renyi, 1961; Pielou, 1975; Shannon and Weaver, 1963). 1-H has been retained to get the relationship between the index and diversity directly proportional. For anthropogenic effect measurement, O’Neill’s U disturbance index, quotient between anthropogenic and natural areas, has been used (O’Neill et al., 1988). Log H has been retained to linearise the exponential relationship between the index and anthropogenic effect. Correlation between those variables has then been analysed. The scatter plot of the 16 study zones shows a Gaussian curve (Fig. 1) presenting maximal landscape entropy at intermediate anthropogenic effect. This distribution has been modelled by a second order polynomial regression with determination coefficient and significance. This phenomenon has been interpreted in terms of spatial transformation processes (Bogaert et al., 2004) and linked to the habitat heterogeneity hypothesis (Tews, 2004), as well as the intermediate disturbance hypothesis (Connell, 1978; Lindenmayer and Brugman, 2005). [less ▲]

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