Browsing
     by title


0-9 A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

or enter first few letters:   
OK
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailMismatch between shape changes and ecological shifts during the post-settlement growth of the surgeonfish, Acanthurus triostegus
Frederich, Bruno ULg; Colleye, Orphal ULg; Lepoint, Gilles ULg et al

in Frontiers in Zoology (2012), 9

Background: Many coral reef fishes undergo habitat and diet shifts during ontogeny. However, studies focusing on the physiological and morphological adaptations that may prepare them for these transitions ... [more ▼]

Background: Many coral reef fishes undergo habitat and diet shifts during ontogeny. However, studies focusing on the physiological and morphological adaptations that may prepare them for these transitions are relatively scarce. Here, we explored the body shape variation related to ontogenetic shifts in the ecology of the surgeonfish Acanthurus triostegus (Acanthuridae) from new settler to adult stages at Moorea Island (French Polynesia). Specifically, we tested the relationship between diet and habitat shifts and changes in overall body shape during the ontogeny of A. triostegus using a combination of geometric morphometric methods, stomach contents and stable isotope analysis. Results: After reef settlement, stable isotope composition of carbon and nitrogen revealed a change from a zooplanktivorous to a benthic algae diet. The large amount of algae (> 75% of stomach contents) found in the digestive tract of small juveniles (25–30 mm SL) suggested the diet shift is rapid. The post-settlement growth of A. triostegus is highly allometric. The allometric shape changes mainly concern cephalic and pectoral regions. The head becomes shorter and more ventrally oriented during growth. Morphological changes are directly related to the diet shift given that a small mouth ventrally oriented is particularly suited for grazing activities at the adult stage. The pectoral fin is more anteriorely and vertically positioned and its basis is larger in adults than in juveniles. This shape variation had implications for swimming performance, manoeuvrability, turning ability and is related to habitat shift. Acanthurus triostegus achieves its main transformation of body shape to an adult-like form at size of 35–40 mm SL. Conclusion: Most of the shape changes occurred after the reef colonization but before the transition between juvenile habitat (fringing reef) and adult habitat (barrier reef). A large amount of allometric variation was observed after diet shift from zooplankton to benthic algae. Diet shift could act as an environmental factor favouring or inducing morphological changes. On the other hand, the main shape changes have to be achieved before the recruitment to adult populations and start negotiating the biophysical challenges of locomotion and feeding in wave- and current-swept outer reef habitat. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 38 (11 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailMismatch negativity is not correlated with neuroendocrine indicators of catecholaminergic activity in healthy subjects.
Hansenne, Michel ULg; Pinto, Emmanuel ULg; Scantamburlo, Gabrielle ULg et al

in Human Psychopharmacology (2003), 18(3), 201-5

The identification of the brain structures and neurotransmitters responsible for the generation and/or modulation of the mismatch negativity (MMN) may contribute to a clearer understanding of its ... [more ▼]

The identification of the brain structures and neurotransmitters responsible for the generation and/or modulation of the mismatch negativity (MMN) may contribute to a clearer understanding of its functional significance, and may have clinical implications. In this context, some findings suggest that the scalp-recorded MMN reflects activity from multiple neuronal ensembles within or in the immediate vicinity of the primary auditory cortex and with possible contribution from the frontal cortex. However, few data are available concerning the influence of neurotransmitter systems on the MMN. In this study, the relationship between both noradrenergic and dopaminergic systems and the MMN were investigated in 34 healthy volunteers. Noradrenergic and dopaminergic activities were assessed with the apomorphine and clonidine challenge tests. The results showed no significant relationship between either growth hormone (GH) responses to apomorphine or clonidine and the MMN amplitude or latency. Therefore, this study does not demonstrate the implication of dopaminergic and noradrenergic activities as assessed by GH response to apomorphine and clonidine for the generation and/or the modulation of the MMN. However, given the complexity of the central neurotransmitter systems, these results cannot be considered as definitive evidence against a relationship between dopaminergic and noradrenergic activity and the MMN. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 44 (2 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailMismatch of F-18 fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) positron emission tomography (PET) and Tc-99m pertechnetate thyroid scan in subacute thyroiditis.
Lambert, Michel; JOURET, François ULg; Lonneux, M. et al

in Acta Clinica Belgica (2008), 63(3), 209-10

Detailed reference viewed: 9 (0 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailMissa pro defunctis – Gilles Hayne (1590-1650)
Corswarem, Emilie ULg

Conference (2006, July 27)

Detailed reference viewed: 16 (0 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailA missense mutation accelerating the gating of the lysosomal Cl-/H+-exchanger ClC-7/Ostm1 causes osteopetrosis with gingival hamartomas in cattle.
Sartelet, Arnaud ULg; Stauber, Tobias; Coppieters, Wouter ULg et al

in Disease Models & Mechanisms (2014), 7

Chloride/proton exchange by the lysosomal anion transporter ClC-7/Ostm1 is of pivotal importance for the physiology of lysosomes and bone resorption. Mice lacking either ClC-7 or Ostm1 develop a lysosomal ... [more ▼]

Chloride/proton exchange by the lysosomal anion transporter ClC-7/Ostm1 is of pivotal importance for the physiology of lysosomes and bone resorption. Mice lacking either ClC-7 or Ostm1 develop a lysosomal storage disease and mutations in either protein have been found to underlie osteopetrosis in mice and humans. Some human disease-causing CLCN7 mutations accelerate the usually slow voltage-dependent gating of ClC-7/Ostm1. However, it has remained unclear whether the fastened kinetics is indeed causative for the disease. Here we identified and characterized a new deleterious ClC-7 mutation in Belgian Blue Cattle with a severe symptomatology including peri-natal lethality and in most cases gingival hamartomas. By autozygosity mapping and genome-wide sequencing we found a handful of candidate variants, including a cluster of three private SNPs causing the substitution of a conserved tyrosine in the CBS2 domain of ClC-7 by glutamine. The case for ClC-7 was strengthened by subsequent examination of affected calves that revealed severe osteopetrosis. The Y750Q mutation largely preserved the lysosomal localization and assembly of ClC-7/Ostm1, but drastically accelerated its activation by membrane depolarization. These data provide first evidence that accelerated ClC-7/Ostm1 gating per se is deleterious, highlighting a physiological importance of the slow voltage-activation of ClC-7/Ostm1 in lysosomal function and bone resorption. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 43 (5 ULg)
Full Text
See detailA missense mutation in the ClC-7 chloride channel causes hamartomas with osteopetrosis in cattle.
Sartelet, Arnaud ULg; Stauber, Tobias; Coppieters, Wouter ULg et al

Conference (2012, October 19)

Detailed reference viewed: 51 (15 ULg)
Full Text
See detailA missense mutation in the ClC-7 chloride channel causes hamartomas with osteopetrosis in cattle.
Sartelet, Arnaud ULg; Stauber, Tobias; Druet, Tom ULg et al

Conference (2012, June 05)

Detailed reference viewed: 23 (3 ULg)
See detailThe Missing Chapter in Janet Frame's 'Living in the Maniototo'
Delrez, Marc ULg

Conference (2005, March 23)

Detailed reference viewed: 2 (0 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailThe Missing Chapter in Janet Frame's Living in the Maniototo
Delrez, Marc ULg

in Journal of New Zealand Literature (2006), 24(1), 73-93

Detailed reference viewed: 35 (11 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailThe missing opacity and the temperature calibration of solar-type stars
Magain, Pierre ULg

in Astronomy and Astrophysics (1987), 181

The novel temperature calibration of some color indices presented for G and F dwarfs is based on the IR flux method and extends the work of Saxner and Hammarback (1985) to the Population II stars ... [more ▼]

The novel temperature calibration of some color indices presented for G and F dwarfs is based on the IR flux method and extends the work of Saxner and Hammarback (1985) to the Population II stars. Attention is given to the discrepancy between theoretical and empirical temperature calibrations. It is suggested that the most straightforward interpretation of the disagreement between empirical colors and some model predictions is that of the 'missing opacity' due to a veil of faint metal lines, present in the blue and UV regions of the spectra of solar-type and cooler stars, but excluded from the model. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 18 (0 ULg)
See detailThe missing piece of the jigsaw: the Middle and Upper Palaeolithic of Central Asia
Flas, Damien ULg

Scientific conference (2014, October 14)

Detailed reference viewed: 5 (0 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailThe missing UV opacity and the colours of solar-type stars
Magain, Pierre ULg

in Astronomy and Astrophysics (1983), 122

A simple method is proposed to take into account the "missing UV opacity" in solar-type stars. It is shown that the mere inclusion of that UV opacity through a very simple formula is sufficient to bring ... [more ▼]

A simple method is proposed to take into account the "missing UV opacity" in solar-type stars. It is shown that the mere inclusion of that UV opacity through a very simple formula is sufficient to bring the theoretical colours in agreement with observed ones for stars of different metal abundances and belonging to the spectral range from mid-F to late-G. Synthetic colours computed in the Geneva and UBV systems reproduce the various observed relations satisfactorily. The relations based on these colours allow reliable estimates of effective temperatures, surface gravities and metal abundances of stars. In addition, solar colours are obtained and three more solar twin candidates are proposed. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 12 (1 ULg)
See detailLa mission belge en Mongolie
Kurth, Godefroid ULg

in Almanach belge illustré (1884)

Detailed reference viewed: 7 (0 ULg)