Browsing
     by title


0-9 A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

or enter first few letters:   
OK
Full Text
See detailModeling of the surface mass balance in Svalbard with the regional climate model MAR over 1958-2010
Lang, Charlotte ULg

Master's dissertation (2011)

It is well known that high latitude zones are very sensitive to climate change. As a result of global warming, ice sheet melting has increased which in turn has an influence on climate through ... [more ▼]

It is well known that high latitude zones are very sensitive to climate change. As a result of global warming, ice sheet melting has increased which in turn has an influence on climate through modifications of the thermohaline circulation, feedback of ice albedo, sea level rise,. . . Svalbard is an archipelago located between 74 and 81 ◦lat N and 60 percent of its area (62 248 km2 ) is covered with glaciers and ice sheets. The impact of global warming on the Svalbard cryosphere can be estimated with climate models. However, we need to use regional climate models as they offer the possibility of a higher resolution than general circulation models. We have carried out a simulation of the Svalbard climate over the last 50 years (from 1958 to 2010) with the regional climate MAR model (tuned for the Greenland ice sheet) at a 10 km resolution forced with the ECMWF reanalysis. As validation, the modeled climate has been compared to near surface measurements at several weather stations through the archipelago. The results show a large interannual variability of the surface mass balance over Svalbard along with an increasing melting. The increase in temperature is responsible for the melting rate and the interannual variability is due to the variations of the mean summer temperature. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 17 (2 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailModeling of Thin Insulating Layers in Dual Magnetodynamic Formulations
Dular, Patrick ULg; Geuzaine, Christophe ULg

in Proceedings of the 10th IEEE Conference on Electromagnetic Field Computation (CEFC'2002) (2002)

Detailed reference viewed: 6 (1 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailModeling of Thin Insulating Layers with Dual 3-D Magnetodynamic Formulations
Dular, Patrick ULg; Geuzaine, Christophe ULg

in IEEE Transactions on Magnetics (2003), 39(3), 1139--1142

Detailed reference viewed: 12 (2 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailModeling of tumor growth in dendritic cell-based immunotherapy using artificial neural networks.
Mehrian, Mohammad ULg; Asemani, Davud; Arabameri, Abazar et al

in Computational biology and chemistry (2014), 48

Exposure-response modeling and simulation is especially useful in oncology as it permits to predict and design un-experimented clinical trials as well as dose selection. Dendritic cells (DC) are the most ... [more ▼]

Exposure-response modeling and simulation is especially useful in oncology as it permits to predict and design un-experimented clinical trials as well as dose selection. Dendritic cells (DC) are the most effective immune cells in the regulation of immune system. To activate immune system, DCs may be matured by many factors like bacterial CpG-DNA, Lipopolysaccharaide (LPS) and other microbial products. In this paper, a model based on artificial neural network (ANN) is presented for analyzing the dynamics of antitumor vaccines using empirical data obtained from the experimentations of different groups of mice treated with DCs matured by bacterial CpG-DNA, LPS and whole lysate of a Gram-positive bacteria Listeria monocytogenes. Also, tumor lysate was added to DCs followed by addition of maturation factors. Simulations show that the proposed model can interpret the important features of empirical data. Owing to the nonlinearity properties, the proposed ANN model has been able not only to describe the contradictory empirical results, but also to predict new vaccination patterns for controlling the tumor growth. For example, the proposed model predicts an exponentially increasing pattern of CpG-matured DC to be effective in suppressing the tumor growth. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 5 (2 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailModeling of Wastewater Sludge Drying with Determination of Diffusivity Moisture
Bennamoun, Lyes ULg; Fraikin, Laurent ULg; Salmon, Thierry ULg et al

in Journal of Residuals Science and Technology [=JRST] (2013), 10(4), 165

Detailed reference viewed: 22 (3 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailModeling of Weakly Conducting Thin Sheets in the Discontinuous Galerkin Method for Shielding Effectiveness Evaluation
Boubekeur, Mohamed; Kameni, Abelin; Modave, Axel ULg et al

in ACES Journal (2013), 28(10), 931

This paper presents a modeling of weakly conducting thin sheets in the time domain discontinuous Galerkin method. This interface condition is used to avoid the mesh of resistive sheets in order to ... [more ▼]

This paper presents a modeling of weakly conducting thin sheets in the time domain discontinuous Galerkin method. This interface condition is used to avoid the mesh of resistive sheets in order to evaluate the shielding effectiveness in high frequency electromagnetic compatibility problems. This condition is valid when the thickness of the sheet is smaller than the skin depth. This approach is validated by a comparison with an analytical solution. A 1D two sheets example, 2D and 3D cavities are treated to illustrate the efficiency of the condition. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 19 (7 ULg)
Full Text
See detailModeling Operational Risk Based on Multiple Experts’ Opinion
Peters, Jean-Philippe; Hübner, Georges ULg

in Gregoriou, Greg (Ed.) Operational Risk Towards Basel III (2009)

While the Basel II accord has now gone live in most parts of the world, many discrepancies still remain on advanced modeling techniques for operational risk among large international banks. The two major ... [more ▼]

While the Basel II accord has now gone live in most parts of the world, many discrepancies still remain on advanced modeling techniques for operational risk among large international banks. The two major families of models include the loss distribution approaches (LDAs) that focus on observed past internal and external loss events and the scenario-based techniques that use subjective opinions from experts as the starting point to determine the regulatory capital charge to cover operational risk. A major methodological challenge is the combination of both techniques so as to fulfill Basel II requirements. In this chapter we discuss and investigate the use of various alternatives to model expert opinion in a sound statistical way so as to allow for subsequent integration with loss distributions fitted on internal and/or external data. A numerical example supports the analysis and shows that solutions exist to merge information arising from both sources. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 80 (7 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailModeling p-18FMPPF pet kinetics for the detremination of local 5-HT1A receptor concentration.
Costes, N.; Le Bars, D.; Merlet, I. et al

in Journal of Nuclear Medicine : Official Publication, Society of Nuclear Medicine (2001), 42(S1), 209

Detailed reference viewed: 6 (0 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailModeling post-combustion CO2 capture with amine solvents
Léonard, Grégoire ULg; Heyen, Georges ULg

Conference (2010)

Oral communication at the Cape-forum, Aachen, 2010. Modeling CO2 capture process and optimization of some process parameters with an equilibrium-based model.

Detailed reference viewed: 37 (6 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailModeling post-combustion CO2 capture with amine solvents
Léonard, Grégoire ULg; Heyen, Georges ULg

in Computer Aided Chemical Engineering (2011), 29

Carbon capture and storage is a technology that can contribute to face the challenge of rising energy demand combined with a growing environmental awareness. In the present work, the CO2 capture process ... [more ▼]

Carbon capture and storage is a technology that can contribute to face the challenge of rising energy demand combined with a growing environmental awareness. In the present work, the CO2 capture process with monoethanolamine (MEA) is modeled using the simulation tool Aspen Plus. Two different modeling approaches are studied and compared: the equilibrium and the rate-based approaches. An optimization of key process parameters is performed and process modifications are studied with the objective of improving the global process energy efficiency. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 122 (29 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailModeling post-combustion CO2 capture with amine solvents
Léonard, Grégoire ULg; Heyen, Georges ULg

Poster (2010)

In order to avoid the emission of large amounts of greenhouse gas, CO2 capture in fossil fuel power plants and subsequent underground CO2 sequestration is studied. The capture occurs by reactive CO2 ... [more ▼]

In order to avoid the emission of large amounts of greenhouse gas, CO2 capture in fossil fuel power plants and subsequent underground CO2 sequestration is studied. The capture occurs by reactive CO2 absorption into chemical solvent systems at moderate temperature (~50°C) followed by solvent regeneration at higher temperature (~120°C). So far, the most employed solvent for acid gas capture is monoethanolamine (MEA). One main drawback of this technology is the high energy consumption necessary to regenerate the solvent. In the present work, the CO2 capture process with MEA is modeled using the simulation tool Aspen Plus®. The base case process is optimized and some process improvements are studied that imply a significant decrease of the process exergy consumption. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 51 (7 ULg)
Full Text
See detailModeling post-combustion CO2 capture with amine solvents
Léonard, Grégoire ULg; Heyen, Georges ULg

Poster (2011, June)

Carbon capture and storage is a technology that can contribute to face the challenge of rising energy demand combined with a growing environmental awareness. In the present work, the CO2 capture process ... [more ▼]

Carbon capture and storage is a technology that can contribute to face the challenge of rising energy demand combined with a growing environmental awareness. In the present work, the CO2 capture process with monoethanolamine (MEA) is modeled using the simulation tool Aspen Plus. Two different modeling approaches are studied and compared: the equilibrium and the rate-based approaches. An optimization of key process parameters is performed and process modifications are studied with the objective of improving the global process energy efficiency. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 12 (0 ULg)
Full Text
See detailModeling post-combustion CO2 capture with assessment of solvent degradation
Léonard, Grégoire ULg; Belletante, Ségolène; Cabeza Mogador, Bruno et al

Conference (2013, October)

Post-combustion CO2 capture in power plants is one of the most mature technologies for a short-term and large-scale decrease of CO2 emissions while simultaneously addressing the growing global energy ... [more ▼]

Post-combustion CO2 capture in power plants is one of the most mature technologies for a short-term and large-scale decrease of CO2 emissions while simultaneously addressing the growing global energy demand. CO2 is chemically absorbed in an amine solvent that can be regenerated at higher temperature, producing a pure CO2 stream. However, the large impact of this technology on the power plant efficiency and the environmental penalty are the main drawbacks for large-scale implementation. In this work, an innovative approach combining process modeling and evaluation of the environmental penalty due to amine degradation is presented. Based on experimental results, the kinetics of solvent oxidative and thermal degradation is estimated and included in the process model developed in Aspen Plus. Using this model, the influence of operating parameters like the oxygen concentration in the flue gas or the solvent regeneration pressure is studied. This model is a first step for a multi-objective optimization of the CO2 capture process, assessing both energy and environmental penalties of this technology. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 32 (5 ULg)
Full Text
See detailModeling pulsations in hot stars with winds
Noels-Grötsch, Arlette ULg; Dupret, Marc-Antoine ULg; Godart, Mélanie ULg

in Journal of Physics: Conference Series (2008), 118

The interaction pulsation/mass loss takes different aspects. Pulsations can trigger mass loss as in LBVs and Miras; on the other hand, mass loss can modify the driving conditions within the stars. But the ... [more ▼]

The interaction pulsation/mass loss takes different aspects. Pulsations can trigger mass loss as in LBVs and Miras; on the other hand, mass loss can modify the driving conditions within the stars. But the most spectacular aspect is the effect on stellar models which, in turn, opens a royal way to asteroseismology to test physical conditions inside massive stars, such as the extent of convective cores or the appearance of new driving mechanisms. We start with a discussion on MS stars and their strange mode instabilities. We then move on to the excitation of the LBV phenomenon. WR stars and the newly observed MOST period in WR123 are discussed in view of the power of asteroseismology. We then turn to B supergiants, in particular HD163899, and show how asteroseismology can really probe convection, semiconvection and mass loss. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 9 (3 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailModeling reaction-limited Ostwald ripening of supported Ni catalysts in presence of CO: the role of particle size distribution
Gommes, Cédric ULg; Munnik, Peter; de Jongh, Petra et al

Poster (2014, March)

Detailed reference viewed: 14 (1 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailModeling recent bark stripping by red deer (Cervus elaphus) in South Belgium coniferous stands
Ligot, Gauthier ULg; Gheysen, Thibaut; Lehaire, François ULg et al

in Annals of Forest Science : a Multidisciplinary and International Journal (2013), 70(3),

Detailed reference viewed: 107 (77 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailMODELING RELATIONSHIPS BETWEEN JUMP HEIGHT, GROUND CONTACT TIME, REACTIVITY AND STIFFNESS
Jidovtseff, Boris ULg; Apolloni, Jérémy; Harris, Nigel et al

in Abstract book of 8th International Conference on Strength Training (2012, October)

Detailed reference viewed: 44 (17 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailModeling Route Choice of Car Travelers using an Activity-Based Segmentation
Cools, Mario ULg; Ramaekers, Katrien; Reumers, Sofie et al

in Proceedings of the 90th Annual Meeting of the Transportation Research Board (DVD-ROM) (2011)

The aim of this research is to identify the relationships between activity patterns and route choice decisions. The focus is turned to the relationship between the purpose of a trip and the road ... [more ▼]

The aim of this research is to identify the relationships between activity patterns and route choice decisions. The focus is turned to the relationship between the purpose of a trip and the road categories used for the relocation. The data for this study were collected in 2006 and 2007 in Flanders, the Dutch speaking and northern part of Belgium. To estimate the relationship between he primary road category traveled on and the corresponding activity-travel behavior a multinomial logit model is developed. The results point out that route choice is a function of multiple factors, not just travel time or distance. Crucial for modeling route choices or in general for traffic assignment procedures is the conclusion that activity patterns have a clear influence on the road category primarily driven on. Particularly, it was shown that the likelihood of taking primarily through roads is highest for work trips and lowest for leisure trips. This certainly suggests that traffic assignment procedures should be developed that explicitly take into account an activity-based segmentation. In addition, it was shown that route choices were similar during peak and off-peak periods. This is an indication that car drivers are not necessarily utility maximizers. A potential pathway for further investigating route choice decisions might lie in the roots of more psychological underpinnings. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 16 (0 ULg)