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See detailInternational Arbitration 2009 : Belgium
Kohl, Benoît ULg; Van Houtte, Vera

in The International Comparative Legal Guide to : International Arbitration 2009 (2009)

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See detailInternational Arbitration : Should we need specialized construction arbitrators ?
Kohl, Benoît ULg

Conference (2010, June 11)

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See detailInternational assessment of future low flow regimes and their impact on three water related sectors in the Meuse basin – a collaborative approach
Bauwens, Alexandra; Degré, Aurore ULg; Deraedt, Deborah ULg et al

in International Journal of River Basin Management (2015), 13(1), 123-135

There is a wide recognition of the watershed scale as the right scale for global water management, notably in the context of the WFD. Hence, it often refers to international management and therefore to ... [more ▼]

There is a wide recognition of the watershed scale as the right scale for global water management, notably in the context of the WFD. Hence, it often refers to international management and therefore to various pre-existing regional management tools, models or even objectives. In this study we aim at describing the collaborative assessment of climate change’s effect on low flow regime and the consequences on three water related sectors: drinking water production, agriculture and electricity production. The paper highlights the choices that were made during the study that involved scientific teams, managers and stakeholders from the four main countries of the Meuse Basin. It shows that the methodological choices were operational and aimed at preserving existing methods and knowledge within each country. They led to hydrological scenarios comparable to the main available ensemble approaches and to methodologies well accepted within the concerned countries. The results of the project highlight and quantify the water scarcity that the three sectors will have to face by the end of the century mainly regarding the electricity production. They also show that common allocation rules are necessary to manage water demand during future low flow periods. [less ▲]

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See detailThe International Classification of Headache Disorders, 2nd Edition (ICHD-II)--revision of criteria for 8.2 Medication-overuse headache.
Silberstein, S. D.; Olesen, J.; Bousser, M.-G. et al

in Cephalalgia : An International Journal of Headache (2005), 25(6), 460-5

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See detailInternational Classification of Primary Care in a cross-lingual terminology portal
Jamoulle, Marc ULg; Pizzanelli, Miguel; Grosjean, Julien et al

Poster (2015, March 20)

International Classification of Primary Care in a cross-lingual terminology portal M. Jamoulle1, M. Pizzanelli2, J. Grosjean 3 , G. Kerdelhué 3, SJ. Darmoni 3&4 1 Department of General practice, Liege ... [more ▼]

International Classification of Primary Care in a cross-lingual terminology portal M. Jamoulle1, M. Pizzanelli2, J. Grosjean 3 , G. Kerdelhué 3, SJ. Darmoni 3&4 1 Department of General practice, Liege University, Belgium 2 Unidad docente asistencial rural de Florida, Uruguay 3 Deparment of Biomedical Informatics, Rouen University Hospital, Normandy & TIBS, LITIS EA 4108, France 4 LIMICS, INSERM, U1142, Paris, France. ICPC is available in the HeTOP cross-lingual terminology portal (URL: www.hetop.eu) [1] in 19 languages, mostly European (e.g. Spanish, Portuguese) but also in Japanese or Mandarin. The HeTOP interface has been also translated in 10 languages, including by Wonca colleagues (in Turkish, Vietnamese and Romanian). This is very important for non-English speakers to access a health Web site in his/her native language. Thanks to a partial manual mapping between ICPC2 and MeSH, it is now also possible to query PubMed from 20% of ICPC2 codes. This task is time consuming as in lot of cases, the mapping is 1 to N (one ICPC code generates several MeSH terms; e.g. the ICPC term "diverticular disease" is mapped to two MeSH terms " diverticulosis, colonic" and " diverticulitis". HeTOP currently contains 56 health terminologies and ontologies (only 17 are included in UMLS as most of them are French terminologies), 1,951,834 concepts, 6,636,000 terms, 8,023,181 relations and 1,340,855 relations. Overall, HeTOP contains 108 millions of SPARQL triplets. These figures underlines the possible application of the so called "health big data". Overall, the number of distinct UMLS concepts with at least one French translation in UMLS (MeSH, MedDRA, WHOART, ICPC) is 45,405 vs. 317,539 in HeTOP. 1. Grosjean, J; Merabti, T; Griffon, N; Dahamna, B & Darmoni, SJ. Teaching medicine with a terminology/ontology portal. Stud Health Technol Inform 2012:180;949-53. [less ▲]

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See detailInternational Classification of Primary Care in a cross-lingual terminology portal (Poster)
Jamoulle, Marc ULg; Kuehlein, Thomas; Pizzanelli, Miguel et al

Poster (2015, October 23)

ICPC, reflecting the burden of family medicine, is available in the HeTOP cross-lingual terminology portal (URL: www.hetop.eu) in 19 languages, mostly European (e.g. Spanish, Portuguese) but also in ... [more ▼]

ICPC, reflecting the burden of family medicine, is available in the HeTOP cross-lingual terminology portal (URL: www.hetop.eu) in 19 languages, mostly European (e.g. Spanish, Portuguese) but also in Japanese or Mandarin. The HeTOP interface has been also translated in 10 languages by Wonca colleagues (including in Turkish, Vietnamese and Romanian). [less ▲]

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See detailThe International Classification of Primary Care
Soler, Jean karl; Jamoulle, Marc ULg; Schattner, Peter

in Stichting WONCA Europe (Ed.) The WORLD book of family medicine (2015)

The WONCA International Classification Committee (WICC) was set up by the WONCA Council in Melbourne in 1972 on the occasion of the Fifth World Conference (1). WONCA recognized the need for classifying ... [more ▼]

The WONCA International Classification Committee (WICC) was set up by the WONCA Council in Melbourne in 1972 on the occasion of the Fifth World Conference (1). WONCA recognized the need for classifying and analysing data derived from clinical encounters with patients that was quite unique to family medicine. This would become increasingly important with the advent of electronic health records. From an initial small group led by Henk Lamberts and Maurice Wood (°), a tool which would become the ICPC was progressively developed and in 1987, the three existing classification systems, the International Classification of Health Problems in Primary Care (ICHPPC-2), ICPC-Process and Reason for Encounter - were merged into a single one; the ICPC. ICPC-2 was published in 1998 by the WONCA International Classification Committee, after several years of revision and cross-mapping with the International Classification of Diseases (ICD) – 10 (2). ICPC-2 is maintained by WICC and an updated version is edited on the site [less ▲]

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See detailInternational Clostridium difficile animal strain collection and large diversity of animal associated strains.
Janezic, Sandra; Zidaric, Valeria; Pardon, Bart et al

in BMC Microbiology (2014), 14

BACKGROUND: Clostridium difficile is an important cause of intestinal infections in some animal species and animals might be a reservoir for community associated human infections. Here we describe a ... [more ▼]

BACKGROUND: Clostridium difficile is an important cause of intestinal infections in some animal species and animals might be a reservoir for community associated human infections. Here we describe a collection of animal associated C. difficile strains from 12 countries based on inclusion criteria of one strain (PCR ribotype) per animal species per laboratory. RESULTS: Altogether 112 isolates were collected and distributed into 38 PCR ribotypes with agarose based approach and 50 PCR ribotypes with sequencer based approach. Four PCR ribotypes were most prevalent in terms of number of isolates as well as in terms of number of different host species: 078 (14.3% of isolates; 4 hosts), 014/020 (11.6%; 8 hosts); 002 (5.4%; 4 hosts) and 012 (5.4%; 5 hosts). Two animal hosts were best represented; cattle with 31 isolates (20 PCR ribotypes; 7 countries) and pigs with 31 isolates (16 PCR ribotypes; 10 countries). CONCLUSIONS: This results show that although PCR ribotype 078 is often reported as the major animal C. difficile type, especially in pigs, the variability of strains in pigs and other animal hosts is substantial. Most common human PCR ribotypes (014/020 and 002) are also among most prevalent animal associated C. difficile strains worldwide. The widespread dissemination of toxigenic C. difficile and the considerable overlap in strain distribution between species furthers concerns about interspecies, including zoonotic, transmission of this critically important pathogen [less ▲]

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See detailInternational Code of Nomenclature for algae, fungi, and plants (Melbourne Code)
McNeill, J.; Barrie, F.R.; Buck, W.R. et al

Book published by Koeltz Scientific Books (2012)

Règles internationales de nomenclature des algues, champignons et plantes. Nouvelle version.

Detailed reference viewed: 238 (6 ULg)
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See detailInternational Committee on Systematics of Prokaryotes. Subcommittee on the taxonomy of phototrophic bacteria: Minutes of the meetings, 11 August 2009, Montreal, Canada
Imhoff, Johannes; Wilmotte, Annick ULg

in International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology (2014), 64

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See detailInternational Conference on Vision Systems
Crowley, James; Piater, Justus ULg

in Machine Vision and Applications (2004), 16(1),

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See detailInternational Construction Arbitration Law
Kohl, Benoît ULg

in Jenkins, J. (Ed.) b-Arbitra (in press)

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See detailInternational Corporate Diversification and the Cost of Equity: European Evidence
Joliet, Robert ULg; Hübner, Georges ULg

in Journal of International Money & Finance (2008), 27(1), 102-123

This paper analyzes the impact of corporate international diversification (CID) on domestic and world betas through the notion of psychic distance between countries. Using a large European sample of 598 ... [more ▼]

This paper analyzes the impact of corporate international diversification (CID) on domestic and world betas through the notion of psychic distance between countries. Using a large European sample of 598 firms, our findings indicate that this dimension significantly influences corporate risk exposure. By isolating three additive components of the Foreign Sales Ratio (FSR), we obtain the most significant results by geographically partitioning the sample, provided that firms are further classified by sector. Our framework sheds new light on how the CID of firms belonging to Sweden and the United Kingdom, as well as the Consumer Cyclical, Consumer Non-Cyclical and Information Technology sectors, sometimes can reduce and sometimes increase firm betas. [less ▲]

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See detailInternational Corporate Sustainability Barometer
Schaltegger, Stefan; Harms, Dorli; Hoerisch, Jacob et al

Report (2013)

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See detailThe International Criminal Court as the Principal Authority for Defining the Boundaries of its own Human Rights Obligations
Deprez, Christophe ULg

Conference (2014, April 14)

This paper addresses the applicability of human rights standards to the activity of the International Criminal Court. It argues that, in practice, the Court itself is the key authority when it comes to ... [more ▼]

This paper addresses the applicability of human rights standards to the activity of the International Criminal Court. It argues that, in practice, the Court itself is the key authority when it comes to determining the content of its own human rights obligations. This paradox is due to the fact that the only two legal constructions on which the ICC can convincingly and practically be said to be bound by human rights law – i.e. those that are respectively based on general sources of international law and on the Court’s founding treaty – leave much discretion to the interpreter as to the content of the resulting duties. [less ▲]

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See detailInternational Cross-Listing of Firms on Major Stock Markets: A survey of the Literature
Mouchette, Xavier ULg

E-print/Working paper (2011)

This contribution is aimed at presenting the large research produced in this particular field of international finance that constitute cross-listing —the secondary listing of company’s shares on an overseas ... [more ▼]

This contribution is aimed at presenting the large research produced in this particular field of international finance that constitute cross-listing —the secondary listing of company’s shares on an overseas exchange. For companies, exchanges and investors, the phenomenon of cross-listing raises different non-trivial questions. This paper reviews the most important research initiatives addressing the economic effects of this important corporate decision. Early studies were drawing much of their argumentation from segmentation theory, concluding that cross-listing was a way for companies to lower barriers to international investment in their stocks, leading to a revaluation of their shares. Equally crucial as segmentation was in the early course of the cross-listing activity, new initiatives are now exploring many additional ways that help to get a better picture of the rationales underpinning the far-reaching effects of cross-listing: valuation impacts and other financial benefits, change in the company’s market profile, and interaction with her home and host markets. Cross-listing is then at a cross-roads of different theories. The advances in academic contributions over the last decade have helped to understand some of the underlying dynamics and rationales surrounding it, but are also leaving some unanswered questions. [less ▲]

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See detailInternational database
Monseur, Christian ULg

in Adams, R. (Ed.) PISA 2000 : technical report (2002)

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