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See detailIntegrating social aspects into sustainability assessment of biobased industries: Towards a systemic approach
Rafiaani, Parisa; Van Passel, Steven; Lebailly, Philippe ULg et al

in Benoit Norris, Catherine; Norris, Gregory (Eds.) 5th International Social LCA Conference Harvard, Cambridge, USA, June 13 - 15, 2016: book of abstracts (2016)

Considering its potential impacts on development, biobased industries require to be assessed according to the positive and negative effects they can bring to the society. Typically, the implications of ... [more ▼]

Considering its potential impacts on development, biobased industries require to be assessed according to the positive and negative effects they can bring to the society. Typically, the implications of biobased industries are considered in terms of economic, environmental and technical indices while social factors are usually neglected in the majority of impact assessments. This is mainly due to the fact that social issues are not easy to be quantitatively analyzed, measured and monitored. Indeed, the following issues need to be addressed: (i) how the social dimension is understood from different stakeholders’ perspective; (ii) how the social pillar can be properly integrated into sustainability evaluation methodologies which are mainly focused on environmental performance and (techno)-economic assessments of biobased industries. This review paper aims to answer these questions firstly through identifying the main social impacts and indicators of the biobased industries at local level in order to find an answer for the second question by analyzing and comparing the current methodologies for assessing social impacts in bioindustries. These methods mainly include Social Impact Assessment (SIA), Socio-economic Impacts Assessment (SEIA) and Social Life Cycle Analysis (SLCA). The latter, although is in its early steps of development, has been considered to have substantially promising methodological attributes for bioindustries’ social sustainability assessment. Although ongoing research tackles the incorporation of the environmental dimension into extended techno-economic assessments, no integration of the social pillar into such assessments has been made. Given that, this review focuses on the social dimension for integrated sustainability assessments of biobased industries to assess the main social impacts resulting from each operation or from the bioenergy sector. The current review focuses on the importance of social sustainability indicators and evaluation techniques. By discussing the methodologies for evaluating social impacts, a systemic methodology for assessing and integrating the social dimension into the sustainability assessments of bioindustries is developed, considering the four main iterative steps of an SLCA framework and three useful SLCA-based approaches including Product Social Impact Assessment; Prosuite and the UNEP SETAC Guidelines for SLCA of Products. It is concluded that the term systemic analysis implies that the whole approach needs the capacity to understand different subsystems and relations between them. Accordingly, the systemic assessment of biobased technologies should simultaneously include technological, economic, social and environmental dimensions. The result of this study identifies social impacts in the bioeconomy and particularly highlight the importance of considering social issues in biobased industries’ design and innovation. [less ▲]

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See detailIntegrating soil and plant knowledge at different scales to better understand the dynamics of water in SPAC.
Lobet, Guillaume ULg; Pagès, L.; Chaumont, F. et al

Conference (2008)

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See detailIntegrating structural and input design of a 2-DOF high-speed parallel manipulator: A flexible model-based approach
da Silva, M. M.; de Oliveira, L. P. R.; Bruls, Olivier ULg et al

in Mechanism & Machine Theory (2010), 45

This paper discusses the integrated design of parallel manipulators, which exhibit varying dynamics. This characteristic affects the machine stability and performance. The design methodology consists of ... [more ▼]

This paper discusses the integrated design of parallel manipulators, which exhibit varying dynamics. This characteristic affects the machine stability and performance. The design methodology consists of four main steps: (i) the system modeling using flexible multibody technique, (ii) the synthesis of reduced-order models suitable for control design, (iii) the systematic flexible model-based input signal design, and (iv) the evaluation of some possible machine designs. The novelty in this methodology is to take structural flexibilities into consideration during the input signal design; therefore, enhancing the standard design process which mainly considers rigid bodies dynamics. The potential of the proposed strategy is exploited for the design evaluation of a two degree-of-freedom high-speed parallel manipulator. The results are experimentally validated. [less ▲]

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See detailIntegrating Succession and Gender Issues from the Perspective of the Daughter of Family Enterprise across the U.S. and EU
Constantinidis, Christina ULg; Nelson, Teresa

in Management International = International Management = Gestión Internacional (2009), 14(1), 43-54

We engage a gender analysis, including consideration of the social phenomena of separation and hierarchy, to consider the role, condition and aspirations of daughters of family enterprise as they consider ... [more ▼]

We engage a gender analysis, including consideration of the social phenomena of separation and hierarchy, to consider the role, condition and aspirations of daughters of family enterprise as they consider the option of family entrepreneurship. From this perspective we examine the extant literature and present findings from two exploratory empirical research efforts, one in Belgium and one in the U.S., to better understand internationally how daughters perceive their leadership paths in the family business. We take into consideration growing social acceptance of women’s leadership, and women’s own career-mindedness, which influence traditional views of the opportunities for daughters inside and outside of the family business. Research avenues and practical recommendations to support successful succession of daughters are discussed. [less ▲]

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See detailIntegrating Succession and Gender Issues from the Perspective of the Daughter of Family Enterprise across the U.S. and EU
Constantinidis, Christina ULg; Nelson, Teresa

Conference (2008, November 04)

We engage a gender analysis, including consideration of the social phenomena of separation and hierarchy, to consider the role, condition and aspirations of daughters of family enterprise. From this ... [more ▼]

We engage a gender analysis, including consideration of the social phenomena of separation and hierarchy, to consider the role, condition and aspirations of daughters of family enterprise. From this perspective we examine the extant literature and present findings from two exploratory empirical research efforts, one in the EU and one in the U.S., to better understand how daughters perceive their leadership paths in the family business internationally. We take into consideration growing social acceptance of women’s leadership, and women’s own career-mindedness, which influence traditional views of the opportunities for daughters inside and outside of the family business. Research avenues and practical recommendations to support successful succession of daughters are discussed. [less ▲]

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See detailIntegrating the impact of wheat fungal diseases in the Belgian crop yield forecasting system (B-CYFS)
El Jarroudi, Moussa ULg

in European Journal of Agronomy (2012), 40

Field experiments were conducted over four growing seasons to assess the relationship between fungal disease attacks and wheat grain yield in the agrometeorological part of the Belgian crop yield ... [more ▼]

Field experiments were conducted over four growing seasons to assess the relationship between fungal disease attacks and wheat grain yield in the agrometeorological part of the Belgian crop yield forecasting system (i.e., Belgian crop growth monitoring system, B-CGMS) by recalibrating the lifespan of wheat leaves (SPAN parameter). The results from 133 experimental fields in Belgium (the Wallonia region) and the Grand-Duchy of Luxembourg were analyzed in terms of site factors such as cultivar, previous crop, sowing date and geographical area. A significant relationship was found between green leaf area (GLA) duration expressing the infection pressure (parameter m; using a modified Gompertz model and calculated from observed GLA) and final grain yield (R2 = 0.79; P < 0.001). Based on this relationship and by recalibrating the B-CGMS in terms of its SPAN parameter, there was a significant improvement in estimating final grain yield. From a R2 of 0.11 when the B-CGMS was run with the default SPAN value, the relationship between observed and simulated yields was strengthened, with a R2 of 0.47 and 0.57, respectively, when a linear or quadratic relationship was considered between m and SPAN. Although, from a practical point of view, the m value has to be estimated annually for each spatial grid or group of grids on the basis of field or possibly remotely sensed data, and although estimating this parameter is possible only late in the season, these encouraging results illustrate the potential of integrating pest and disease impact in the B-CGMS. [less ▲]

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See detailIntegrating the weight of history into the alignment framework: the case of distributed generation technologies
Bauwens, Thomas ULg

E-print/Working paper (2014)

Whereas a centralized energy supply system is still dominant today, the energy sector is currently witnessing the development of small-scale and more geographically dispersed generation units, so-called ... [more ▼]

Whereas a centralized energy supply system is still dominant today, the energy sector is currently witnessing the development of small-scale and more geographically dispersed generation units, so-called distributed generation technologies. So-called "alignment framework" proposes a very useful approach to look at this evolution. Yet, we argue in this paper that this framework does not fully take into account the inertia associated with past technological and institutional choices that may hinder future changes. Relying on the concept of socio-technical lock-in, we illustrate this point with the case of the diffusion of distributed generation technologies. Based on this analysis, we propose an adaptation of the alignment framework to integrate these elements. [less ▲]

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See detailIntegrating tools, to approach the development of competencies
Poumay, Marianne ULg

Conference (2012, May)

The presentation will address the problem of integrating different tools in order to support competence development and evaluation amongst students in Higher Education. It will focus on students' self ... [more ▼]

The presentation will address the problem of integrating different tools in order to support competence development and evaluation amongst students in Higher Education. It will focus on students' self-regulation and discuss the difficulty of complementing low-level activities and spend more time with integrated ones,... towards the development of competences. [less ▲]

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See detailIntegrating water chemistry using a diatom-based index
Lavoie, Isabelle; Campeau, Stéphane; Darchambeau, François ULg et al

Poster (2006, March 02)

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See detailIntegration Analysis of Three Omics Data Using Penalized Regression Methods: An Application to Bladder Cancer
Pineda San Juan, Silvia ULg; Real, Francisco X; Kogevinas, Manolis et al

in PLoS Genetics (2015)

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See detailIntegration and Policy in Belgium and in the EU
Martiniello, Marco ULg

in The Forum (2010), (Fall), 163-168

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See detailL’intégration architecturale et urbaine des vestiges archéologiques
Teller, Jacques ULg; Lefert, S.

in Actes du Colloque International APPEAR (2004)

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See detailIntegration by parts and representation of information functionals
Nourdin, Ivan; Peccati, Giovanni; Swan, Yvik ULg

in IEEE International Symposium on Information Theory Proceedings (2014)

We introduce a new formalism for computing expectations of functionals of arbitrary random vectors, by using generalised integration by parts formulae. In doing so we extend recent representation formulae ... [more ▼]

We introduce a new formalism for computing expectations of functionals of arbitrary random vectors, by using generalised integration by parts formulae. In doing so we extend recent representation formulae for the score function introduced in \cite{nourdin2013entropy} and also provide a new proof of a central identity first discovered in \cite{guo2005mutual}. We derive a representation for the standardised Fisher information of sums of i.i.d. random vectors which {we} use to provide rates of convergence in information theoretic central limit theorems (both in Fisher information distance and in relative entropy) {and a Stein bound for Fisher information distance.} [less ▲]

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See detailL’intégration d’indicateurs biologiques dans un réseau de surveillance des sols afin d’améliorer le diagnostic de la qualité du sol – une étude de cas dans le sud de la Belgique (Wallonie)
Krüger, Inken ULg; Chartin, Caroline; van Wesemael, Bas et al

Poster (2016, July 05)

Les organismes du sol et leurs activités sont essentiels pour le fonctionnement de l’écosystème du sol et ils peuvent donc servir comme indicateurs de la qualité du sol. Des efforts ont récemment été ... [more ▼]

Les organismes du sol et leurs activités sont essentiels pour le fonctionnement de l’écosystème du sol et ils peuvent donc servir comme indicateurs de la qualité du sol. Des efforts ont récemment été menés pour intégrer les indicateurs biologiques de la qualité du sol dans les réseaux de surveillance régionaux/nationaux. Le but de cette étude était de déterminer des gammes de valeurs pour six indicateurs biologiques et deux quotients éco-physiologiques pour les sols agricoles. La respiration potentielle, la biomasse microbienne (carbone et azote), la minéralisation nette de l’azote, la diversité métabolique des bactéries du sol, l’abondance des vers de terre, le quotient microbien et le quotient métabolique ont été mesurés dans 60 sites dans des régions agricoles contrastées (différents types de sol et climat) et différentes utilisations de sol (prairies et cultures) sélectionnés d’un réseau de surveillance du carbone organique du sol (CARBOSOL). Les liens entre indicateurs biologiques et paramètres chimiques (le pH du sol, carbone organique total, soluble, labile et stable) sont analysés. Quatre des six indicateurs biologiques sélectionnés (respiration potentielle, biomasse microbienne (carbone et azote) et diversité métabolique des bactéries du sol) sont significativement plus élevés sous prairies que sous cultures. Les gammes de valeurs sont plus larges sous prairies que sous cultures. Les indicateurs biologiques sélectionnés ne sont pas significativement influencés par la région agricole. Les meilleures corrélations avec les paramètres chimiques ont été trouvées pour la respiration potentielle et la biomasse microbienne (carbone et azote). L’étude définit des gammes de valeurs pour les sols agricoles à l’échelle régionale (Wallonie) séparées par utilisation de sol (prairies et cultures) et présente une base solide pour l’établissement d’un réseau de surveillance de la qualité biologique du sol. [less ▲]

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See detailIntégration d'une approche historique dans les cours de sciences
Bernard, Hervé; Fagnant, Annick ULg

in Informations Pédagogiques (2005), 57

Detailed reference viewed: 27 (5 ULg)