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See detailMô hình phân tích cầu tiêu dùng thịt gia cầm tại Hà Nội
Vu Dinh, Ton; Phan Dang, Thang; Do Duc, Luc et al

in Nghiên cứu Kinh tế" - Viện kinh tế Việt Nam (= Economic studies) (2012), (405 (2-2012)), 59-68

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See detailMOA 2010-BLG-477Lb: Constraining the Mass of a Microlensing Planet from Microlensing Parallax, Orbital Motion, and Detection of Blended Light
Bachelet, E.; Shin, I.-G.; Han, C. et al

in Astrophysical Journal (2012), 754

Microlensing detections of cool planets are important for the construction of an unbiased sample to estimate the frequency of planets beyond the snow line, which is where giant planets are thought to form ... [more ▼]

Microlensing detections of cool planets are important for the construction of an unbiased sample to estimate the frequency of planets beyond the snow line, which is where giant planets are thought to form according to the core accretion theory of planet formation. In this paper, we report the discovery of a giant planet detected from the analysis of the light curve of a high-magnification microlensing event MOA 2010-BLG-477. The measured planet-star mass ratio is q = (2.181 ± 0.004) × 10[SUP]-3[/SUP] and the projected separation is s = 1.1228 ± 0.0006 in units of the Einstein radius. The angular Einstein radius is unusually large θ[SUB]E[/SUB] = 1.38 ± 0.11 mas. Combining this measurement with constraints on the "microlens parallax" and the lens flux, we can only limit the host mass to the range 0.13 < M/M [SUB]&sun;[/SUB] < 1.0. In this particular case, the strong degeneracy between microlensing parallax and planet orbital motion prevents us from measuring more accurate host and planet masses. However, we find that adding Bayesian priors from two effects (Galactic model and Keplerian orbit) each independently favors the upper end of this mass range, yielding star and planet masses of M [SUB]*[/SUB] = 0.67[SUP]+0.33[/SUP] [SUB]- 0.13[/SUB] M [SUB]&sun;[/SUB] and m[SUB]p[/SUB] = 1.5[SUP]+0.8[/SUP] [SUB]- 0.3[/SUB] M [SUB]JUP[/SUB] at a distance of D = 2.3 ± 0.6 kpc, and with a semi-major axis of a = 2[SUP]+3[/SUP] [SUB]- 1[/SUB] AU. Finally, we show that the lens mass can be determined from future high-resolution near-IR adaptive optics observations independently from two effects, photometric and astrometric. [less ▲]

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See detailMOA-2009-BLG-387Lb: a massive planet orbiting an M dwarf
Batista, V.; Gould, A.; Dieters, S. et al

in Astronomy and Astrophysics (2011), 529

<BR /> Aims: We report the discovery of a planet with a high planet-to-star mass ratio in the microlensing event MOA-2009-BLG-387, which exhibited pronounced deviations over a 12-day interval, one of the ... [more ▼]

<BR /> Aims: We report the discovery of a planet with a high planet-to-star mass ratio in the microlensing event MOA-2009-BLG-387, which exhibited pronounced deviations over a 12-day interval, one of the longest for any planetary event. The host is an M dwarf, with a mass in the range 0.07 M[SUB]&sun;[/SUB] < M[SUB]host[/SUB] < 0.49 M[SUB]&sun;[/SUB] at 90% confidence. The planet-star mass ratio q = 0.0132 ± 0.003 has been measured extremely well, so at the best-estimated host mass, the planet mass is m[SUB]p[/SUB] = 2.6 Jupiter masses for the median host mass, M = 0.19 M[SUB]&sun;[/SUB]. <BR /> Methods: The host mass is determined from two "higher order" microlensing parameters. One of these, the angular Einstein radius θ[SUB]E[/SUB] = 0.31 ± 0.03 mas has been accurately measured, but the other (the microlens parallax π[SUB]E[/SUB], which is due to the Earth's orbital motion) is highly degenerate with the orbital motion of the planet. We statistically resolve the degeneracy between Earth and planet orbital effects by imposing priors from a Galactic model that specifies the positions and velocities of lenses and sources and a Kepler model of orbits. <BR /> Results: The 90% confidence intervals for the distance, semi-major axis, and period of the planet are 3.5 kpc < D[SUB]L[/SUB] < 7.9 kpc, 1.1 AU < a < 2.7 AU, and 3.8 yr < P < 7.6 yr, respectively. Photometric data is only available in electronic form at the CDS via anonymous ftp to cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr (130.79.128.5) or via <A href="http://cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr/viz-bin/qcat?J/A+A/529/A102">http://cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr/viz-bin/qcat?J/A+A/529/A102</A> [less ▲]

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See detailMOA-2010-BLG-073L: An M-dwarf with a Substellar Companion at the Planet/Brown Dwarf Boundary
Street, R. A.; Choi, J.-Y.; Tsapras, Y. et al

in Astrophysical Journal (2013), 763

We present an analysis of the anomalous microlensing event, MOA-2010-BLG-073, announced by the Microlensing Observations in Astrophysics survey on 2010 March 18. This event was remarkable because the ... [more ▼]

We present an analysis of the anomalous microlensing event, MOA-2010-BLG-073, announced by the Microlensing Observations in Astrophysics survey on 2010 March 18. This event was remarkable because the source was previously known to be photometrically variable. Analyzing the pre-event source light curve, we demonstrate that it is an irregular variable over timescales >200 days. Its dereddened color, (V - I)[SUB] S, 0[/SUB], is 1.221 ± 0.051 mag, and from our lens model we derive a source radius of 14.7 ± 1.3 R [SUB]&sun;[/SUB], suggesting that it is a red giant star. We initially explored a number of purely microlensing models for the event but found a residual gradient in the data taken prior to and after the event. This is likely to be due to the variability of the source rather than part of the lensing event, so we incorporated a slope parameter in our model in order to derive the true parameters of the lensing system. We find that the lensing system has a mass ratio of q = 0.0654 ± 0.0006. The Einstein crossing time of the event, t [SUB]E[/SUB] = 44.3 ± 0.1 days, was sufficiently long that the light curve exhibited parallax effects. In addition, the source trajectory relative to the large caustic structure allowed the orbital motion of the lens system to be detected. Combining the parallax with the Einstein radius, we were able to derive the distance to the lens, D[SUB]L[/SUB] = 2.8 ± 0.4 kpc, and the masses of the lensing objects. The primary of the lens is an M-dwarf with M [SUB] L, 1[/SUB] = 0.16 ± 0.03 M [SUB]&sun;[/SUB], while the companion has M [SUB] L, 2[/SUB] = 11.0 ± 2.0 M [SUB]J[/SUB], putting it in the boundary zone between planets and brown dwarfs. [less ▲]

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See detailMOA-2010-BLG-311: A planetary candidate below the threshold of reliable detection
Yee, J. C.; Hung, L.-W.; Bond, I. A. et al

in Astrophysical Journal (2013), 769(1), 77

We analyze MOA-2010-BLG-311, a high magnification (A_max>600) microlensing event with complete data coverage over the peak, making it very sensitive to planetary signals. We fit this event with both a ... [more ▼]

We analyze MOA-2010-BLG-311, a high magnification (A_max>600) microlensing event with complete data coverage over the peak, making it very sensitive to planetary signals. We fit this event with both a point lens and a 2-body lens model and find that the 2-body lens model is a better fit but with only Delta chi^2~140. The preferred mass ratio between the lens star and its companion is $q=10^(-3.7+/-0.1), placing the candidate companion in the planetary regime. Despite the formal significance of the planet, we show that because of systematics in the data the evidence for a planetary companion to the lens is too tenuous to claim a secure detection. When combined with analyses of other high-magnification events, this event helps empirically define the threshold for reliable planet detection in high-magnification events, which remains an open question. [less ▲]

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See detailMOA-2010-BLG-328Lb: a sub-Neptune orbiting very late M dwarf ?
Furusawa, K.; Udalski, A.; Sumi, T. et al

in Astrophysical Journal (2013), 91

We analyze the planetary microlensing event MOA-2010-BLG-328. The best fit yields host and planetary masses of Mh = 0.11+/-0.01 M_{sun} and Mp = 9.2+/-2.2M_Earth, corresponding to a very late M dwarf and ... [more ▼]

We analyze the planetary microlensing event MOA-2010-BLG-328. The best fit yields host and planetary masses of Mh = 0.11+/-0.01 M_{sun} and Mp = 9.2+/-2.2M_Earth, corresponding to a very late M dwarf and sub-Neptune-mass planet, respectively. The system lies at DL = 0.81 +/- 0.10 kpc with projected separation r = 0.92 +/- 0.16 AU. Because of the host's a-priori-unlikely close distance, as well as the unusual nature of the system, we consider the possibility that the microlens parallax signal, which determines the host mass and distance, is actually due to xallarap (source orbital motion) that is being misinterpreted as parallax. We show a result that favors the parallax solution, even given its close host distance. We show that future high-resolution astrometric measurements could decisively resolve the remaining ambiguity of these solutions. [less ▲]

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See detailMOA-2010-BLG-523: "Failed Planet" = RS CVn Star
Gould, A.; Yee, J. C.; Bond, I. A. et al

in Astrophysical Journal (2013), 763

The Galactic bulge source MOA-2010-BLG-523S exhibited short-term deviations from a standard microlensing light curve near the peak of an A [SUB]max[/SUB] ~ 265 high-magnification microlensing event. The ... [more ▼]

The Galactic bulge source MOA-2010-BLG-523S exhibited short-term deviations from a standard microlensing light curve near the peak of an A [SUB]max[/SUB] ~ 265 high-magnification microlensing event. The deviations originally seemed consistent with expectations for a planetary companion to the principal lens. We combine long-term photometric monitoring with a previously published high-resolution spectrum taken near peak to demonstrate that this is an RS CVn variable, so that planetary microlensing is not required to explain the light-curve deviations. This is the first spectroscopically confirmed RS CVn star discovered in the Galactic bulge. Based on observations made with the European Southern Observatory telescopes, Program ID 85.B-0399(I). [less ▲]

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See detailLe moabi, une espèce « phare » de l’exploitation forestière en Afrique centrale
Doucet, Jean-Louis ULg; Kouadio, Y. L.

in Parcs & Réserves (2007), 62(2), 25-31

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See detailMoabs Mas516 and 5b5, Two Fibroblast Markers, Recognize Human Follicular Dendritic Cells
Bosseloir, A.; Heinen, Ernst ULg; Defrance, T. et al

in Immunology Letters (1994), 42(1-2), 49-54

Follicular dendritic cells (FDC) are only located within follicles of secondary lymphoid tissues. The origin of this peculiar cell type is not clearly defined. To contribute to this study, we applied two ... [more ▼]

Follicular dendritic cells (FDC) are only located within follicles of secondary lymphoid tissues. The origin of this peculiar cell type is not clearly defined. To contribute to this study, we applied two monoclonal antibodies (MAS516 and 5B5) considered as specific for fibroblasts to tonsil cryosections and to isolated follicular dendritic cells. On the basis of an enzyme cocktail digestion of human tonsils and a fractionation procedure on albumin gradients, FDC can be prepared in the form of cell aggregates with associated lymphoid cells. MAS516 reacts with surface membrane molecules expressed by human fibroblasts, tissue macrophages and peripheral blood monocytes. With immunoperoxidase assays on tonsil cryosections connective tissue cells and macrophages are stained. Inside germinal centres, heavy labelling of the light zone was found. The MAS516 staining pattern is very similar to that of specific FDC markers DRC-1 or BU10. All isolated FDC reacted with MAS516 antibody. 5B5, considered as a typical fibroblast marker, reacts with human prolyl-4-hydroxylase which is an intracellular enzyme related to collagen biosynthesis. In cryosections, interfollicular and capsular areas showed 5B5 positive connective tissue fibroblasts. In germinal centres, some cells presenting features of FDC were 5B5 positive. After cell separation, 25%-50% of the isolated FDC were labelled with this antibody. This positivity of some FDC for 5B5 antibody may support the idea of their fibroblastic origin. The combination of observations realized in situ and after cell purification ensured an unequivocal recognition and identification of FDC.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS) [less ▲]

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See detailMoandaensine, a dimeric indole alkaloid from Strychnos moandaensis (Loganiaceae)
Verpoorte, Robert; Frederich, Michel ULg; Delaude, Clément et al

in Phytochemistry Letters (2010), 3

Moandaensine contains a rare anhydronium base subunit. It presents a moderate antiplasmodial activity with IC values of 11.2 microM and 9.2 microM against , respectively, the chloroquino sensitive FCA 20 ... [more ▼]

Moandaensine contains a rare anhydronium base subunit. It presents a moderate antiplasmodial activity with IC values of 11.2 microM and 9.2 microM against , respectively, the chloroquino sensitive FCA 20 GHA and chloroquino resistant W2 strains of Plasmodium falciparum [less ▲]

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See detailMobile speckle interferometer in the long-wave infrared for aeronautical nondestructive testing in field conditions
Vandenrijt, Jean-François ULg; Thizy, Cédric ULg; Alexeenko, Igor et al

in Optical Engineering : The Journal of the Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (2013), 52(10),

Abstract We present the development of a speckle interferometer based on CO2 laser and using a thermal infrared camera based on uncooled microbolometer array. It is intended to be used for monitoring ... [more ▼]

Abstract We present the development of a speckle interferometer based on CO2 laser and using a thermal infrared camera based on uncooled microbolometer array. It is intended to be used for monitoring deformations as well as flaw detection in aeronautical composites, with a smaller sensitivity to displacement compared to equivalent system using visible lasers. Moreover the long wavelength allows working with such interferometer under out-of-laboratory conditions. A mobile system has been developed on the basis of previous laboratory developments. Then it is validated in a variety of industrial nondestructive testing applications under field working conditions. [less ▲]

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See detailThe MOBILE study long-term extension: progressive improvements in efficacy with oral ibandronate (1500mg) when administered monthly
Reginster, Jean-Yves ULg; Cooper, C.; Sedarati, F. et al

in Calcified Tissue International (2007, May), 80(Suppl.1), 144

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See detailMobiles yes, migrants non ? Young Moroccans on the move
Mescoli, Elsa ULg

in Exploration De La Mobilité Autour De La Méditerranée (2012, August)

Les récits ethnographiques et les réflexions que je vais présenter dans cet article sont issus d’une recherche menée dans les villes marocaines de Khouribga et de Rabat entre 2007 et 2008. L’étude ... [more ▼]

Les récits ethnographiques et les réflexions que je vais présenter dans cet article sont issus d’une recherche menée dans les villes marocaines de Khouribga et de Rabat entre 2007 et 2008. L’étude concerne la mobilité d’un groupe de jeunes « khouribgii » inscrits dans des projets migratoires vers l’Italie ainsi que les actions et les discours de certains organismes humanitaires (internationaux et locaux) s’occupant de thématiques liées à la migration. L’utilisation d’une distinction terminologique adoptée ici entre mobilité d’une part et migration d’autre part, a été choisi pour représenter une différenciation opérée entre l’expérience faite de la mobilité par ces jeunes à travers leur préparation à la migration, et le blâme et l’entrave à l’action de migrer opérée dans les discours et par les actions des ONG. D’un côté nous avons donc une mobilité qui s’exerce dans l’imaginaire de ces jeunes, tout comme dans des pratiques concrètes mises en place pour réaliser le projet migratoire (qui comportent l’apprentissage d’instruments utiles à l’affronter, tels que la langue italienne ou la capacité de mouvement à travers l’appareil législatif international et national qui régisse la migration) ; une mobilité qui s’exerce également dans la participation aux réseaux migratoires familiaux ; et de l’autre côté, une migration dissuadée par les programmes humanitaires ou sociaux. Ces derniers consentent une mobilité qui puisse s’accomplir dans un rapprochement « virtuel » au pays de destination, à travers notamment des cours de « culture italienne », mais en détournant la définition des parcours migratoires personnels et en les insérant dans la rhétorique de la « migration intelligente », c’est-à-dire en demandant que, s’ils arrivent à être réalisés, ils soient utiles au « développement » de la communauté locale d’origine. A travers l’analyse de ces aspects, cet article vise donc à démontrer la réalité des déplacements des jeunes interviewés, malgré leur permanence sur le territoire marocain, la concrétisation de leur aspiration de migration dans l’expérience de la mobilité, en remettant donc en cause la frontière entre les deux concepts définis ci-dessus. [less ▲]

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See detailMobilisation au fil de l'eau : dix années d'expérience de contrat de rivière en Wallonie (Belgique)
Rosillon, Françis ULg; Vander Borght, Paul ULg

in Annales des mines (2001)

Restaurer la rivière et les ressources en eau mais surtout amorcer une dynamique nouvelle et des comportements plus responsables, tels étaient les objectifs du contrat de rivière. Le bilan est aujourd’hui ... [more ▼]

Restaurer la rivière et les ressources en eau mais surtout amorcer une dynamique nouvelle et des comportements plus responsables, tels étaient les objectifs du contrat de rivière. Le bilan est aujourd’hui largement positif et l’expérience pourrait être partagée avec d’autres pays européens. Même si le modèle reste encore largement perfectible. [less ▲]

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See detailLa mobilisation d’un réseau d’ONG : La Coalition française pour la Cour pénale internationale et la ratification du Statut de Rome par la France
Ficet, Joël ULg; Aoun, Elena

in Siméant, Johanna; Dauvin, Pascal (Eds.) ONG et humanitaire (2004)

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See detailMobilisation of lipophilic pollutants from blubber in northern elephant seal pups (Mirounga angustirostris) during the post-weaning fast
Louis, Caroline; Dirtu, Alin C.; Stas, Marie et al

in Environmental Research (2014), 132

Northern elephant seals (NES) (Mirounga angustirostris) from the Año Nuevo State Reserve (CA, USA) were longitudinally sampled during the post-weaning fast in order to study the mobilisation and ... [more ▼]

Northern elephant seals (NES) (Mirounga angustirostris) from the Año Nuevo State Reserve (CA, USA) were longitudinally sampled during the post-weaning fast in order to study the mobilisation and redistribution of various classes of persistent organic pollutants (POPs), such as polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs), polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), dichlorodiphenyldichloroethylene (p,p′-DDE) and hexachlorobenzene (HCB) between blubber and blood. Inner and outer blubber layers were analysed separately. Organohalogenated compounds were detected in all blubber samples in the decreasing order of their concentrations: p,p′-DDE>PCBs⪢HCB>PBDEs. The concentrations of all studied compounds were homogeneously distributed in the blubber layer at early fast, since the concentrations of POPs were statistically not different in the inner and outer layers. With the progression of the fast, the concentrations of PBDEs, PCBs and p,p′-DDE increased more sharply in inner blubber than in outer blubber. As a result, their levels became significantly higher in inner blubber as compared to outer blubber at late fast. The rise of pollutant concentrations in blubber might result from a less efficient mobilisation than triglycerides and/or a reuptake by adipocytes of some of the pollutants released into the circulation. The mobilisation of pollutants from blubber was higher at late fast. An increase of pollutant concentrations was observed in serum between early and late fast. Lower halogenated congeners (i.e. tetra-CBs) were present in higher proportions in serum, whereas the higher halogenated congeners (i.e. hepta-CBs) were mainly found in the inner and outer blubber layers. The transfer ratios of both PBDEs and PCBs from inner blubber to serum decreased with the number of chlorine and bromine atoms. In addition, the distribution of both types of compounds between serum and blubber was strongly influenced by their lipophilic character (log Kow values), with more lipophilic compounds being less efficiently released from blubber to serum. [less ▲]

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