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See detailThe influence of the token frequency on the generalization of construction schemas in French-speaking children with SLI
Leroy, Sandrine ULg; Parisse, Christophe; Moulin, Mélissa et al

Poster (2012, June)

Constructivist approach (Goldberg, 1995 ; Tomasello, 2003) postulates that children build their linguistic system from their own linguistic experience. To be productive with their language, children have ... [more ▼]

Constructivist approach (Goldberg, 1995 ; Tomasello, 2003) postulates that children build their linguistic system from their own linguistic experience. To be productive with their language, children have to generalize construction schemas to never heard items. Because children with SLI seem to show limited morphosyntactic creativity and variability, we hypothesize that they would have difficulties to generalize their construction schemas what would hinder their access to the most abstract level of their linguistic competence. Given this lack of productivity of construction schemas in children with SLI, they would produce more lexicalized forms than abstract form what would lead to a limitation of the linguistic competence. The aim of our study was to test if children with SLI had more difficulties than children with typical language development (TLD) to generalize a schema to new items. Given the role of the token frequency in the abstraction of construction schemas (cf. Bybee, 1995), we decided to create a task in which we manipulated this variable. [less ▲]

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See detailInfluence of the Transfer Climate and Job Attitudes on the Transfer Process: Modelling the Direct and Indirect Effects
Peters, Stéphanie ULg; Cossette, Michel; Bates, Reid et al

in Journal of Personnel Psychology (2014), 13(4), 157-166

This study investigates the impact job satisfaction, job involvement, organizational commitment and transfer climate on the training transfer process. Training transfer refers to the application of the ... [more ▼]

This study investigates the impact job satisfaction, job involvement, organizational commitment and transfer climate on the training transfer process. Training transfer refers to the application of the new learning and to performance at work. A two-time data collection was implemented among employees of a public health insurance company who attended professional training programs (N=118). Data analysis revealed that (1) job involvement negatively influenced transfer; (2) peer support positively influenced transfer; (3) openness to change had a negative relationship with transfer; and (4) these three predictors have an indirect effect on performance at work. [less ▲]

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See detailInfluence of the tyrosine environment on the second harmonic generation of iturinic antimicrobial lipopeptides at the air–water interface
Nasir, Mehmet Nail ULg; Benichou, Emmanuel; Loison, Claire et al

in Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics [=PCCP] (2013), 15

The second harmonic generation (SHG) response at the air–water interface from the tyrosine-containing natural iturinic cyclo-lipopeptides mycosubtilin, iturin A and bacillomycin D is reported. It is shown ... [more ▼]

The second harmonic generation (SHG) response at the air–water interface from the tyrosine-containing natural iturinic cyclo-lipopeptides mycosubtilin, iturin A and bacillomycin D is reported. It is shown that this response is dominated by the single tyrosine residue present in these molecules owing to the large first hyperpolarizability arising from the non-centrosymmetric aromatic ring structure of this amino acid. The SHG response of these iturinic antibiotics is also compared to the response of surfactin, a cyclo-lipopeptide with a similar L,D-amino acid sequence but lacking a tyrosine residue, and PalmATA, a synthetic linear lipopeptide possessing a single tyrosine residue but lacking the amino acid sequence structuring the cycle of the iturinic antibiotics. From the light polarization analysis of the SHG response, it is shown that the tyrosine local environment is critical in defining the SHG response of these peptides at the air–water interface. Our results demonstrate that tyrosine, similar to tryptophan, can be used as an endogenous molecular probe of peptides and proteins for SHG at the air–water interface, paving the way for SHG studies of other tyrosine-containing bioactive molecules. [less ▲]

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See detailInfluence of the viscosity on liquid hold-up in modular catalytic packings
Aferka, Saïd ULg; Viva, Aurora ULg; Brunazzi, Elisabetta et al

Conference (2010)

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See detailInfluence of the void percentage of the floor on ammonia and greenhouse gas emissions for group-housed gestating sows.
Philippe, François-Xavier ULg; Laitat, Martine ULg; Wavreille, José et al

in Proceedings of the 3rd Scientific Meeting of the Faculty of Veterinary Medicine (2013)

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See detailInfluence of the water content in the synthesis of fructose laurate by immobilized lipase B of Candida antarctica (Novozym 435)
Olive, Gilles ULg; Pompeu Torezan, Gabriela A.; Blecker, Christophe ULg

in Bulletin de la Société Royale des Sciences de Liège (2012), 81(2012), 82-89

New synthesis conditions for a direct esterification of fructose by lauric acid with Novozym 435 as a catalyst are reported in this paper. With these new conditions, a conversion rate of 72% was achieved ... [more ▼]

New synthesis conditions for a direct esterification of fructose by lauric acid with Novozym 435 as a catalyst are reported in this paper. With these new conditions, a conversion rate of 72% was achieved, which is almost the same value as in the case of transesterification where no water as by-product is produced (74.6 %). The conversion rate of these reactions can be modeled as a function of the initial water content by a three-parameter power law for the esterification and by an exponential law for the transesterification. The influence of the water content on the mono over di-ester ratio will also be discussed to a lesser extent. [less ▲]

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See detailInfluence of thermal acclimation on the survival of Sitophilus granarius (L) and Oryzaephilus surinamensis (L) at low temperatures
Mignon, Jacques ULg; Haubruge, Eric ULg; Gaspar, Charles ULg

in Netherlands Journal of Zoology (1996), 46(3-4), 317-325

Low temperatures have been used for many years to control populations of stored-product insects. The aim of aeration was primarily to cool down the grain and then to prevent its deterioration by reducing ... [more ▼]

Low temperatures have been used for many years to control populations of stored-product insects. The aim of aeration was primarily to cool down the grain and then to prevent its deterioration by reducing the number of insects. In Belgium, the mild winters enable insects to survive to the next season. In autumn, the progressive lowering of temperature has an acclimation effect on stored-product insects. The present study was undertaken to determine the survival at low temperatures of non cold-acclimated and laboratory- and field-cold-acclimated insects. We have chosen to work with the granary weevil Sitophilus granarius (L.) and the saw-toothed grain beetle Oryzaephilus surinamensis (L.). They are the most frequent stored-grain pests in Belgium. To compare the cold-hardiness of different laboratory cold-acclimated insects, S. granarius and O. surinamensis were placed at nine different cold-acclimation temperature regimes. Insects were kept at 5 degrees C for 2, 4 and 6 weeks or at -5 degrees C for 4, 7 and 14 days. To assess the field-cold-acclimation in autumn and in winter, insects were monthly taken from a bin and transferred to 5 degrees C for 6 weeks. S. granarius adults were more cold-hardy than O. surinamensis, but O. surinamensis adults compensated their cold-sensibility by a great ability to acclimate. S. granarius is able to survive the winter in Belgium because of its cold-hardiness while O. surinamensis survives because of its ability to acclimate to low temperatures. [less ▲]

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See detailInfluence of thermal expansion mismatch on residual stress profile in veneering ceramic layered on zirconia: Measurement by hole-drilling.
Mainjot, Amélie ULg; Najjar, Achref; Jakubowicz-Kohen, Boris D. et al

in Dental materials : official publication of the Academy of Dental Materials (2015)

OBJECTIVES: Mismatch in thermal expansion coefficient between core and veneering ceramic (Deltaalpha=alphacore-alphaveneer, ppm/ degrees C) is reported as a crucial parameter influencing veneer fractures ... [more ▼]

OBJECTIVES: Mismatch in thermal expansion coefficient between core and veneering ceramic (Deltaalpha=alphacore-alphaveneer, ppm/ degrees C) is reported as a crucial parameter influencing veneer fractures with Yttria-tetragonal-zirconia-polycrystal (Y-TZP) prostheses, which still constitutes a misunderstood problem. However, the common positive Deltaalpha concept remains empirical. The objective of this study is to investigate the Deltaalpha dependence of residual stress profiles in veneering ceramic layered on Y-TZP frameworks. METHODS: The stress profile was measured with the hole-drilling method in bilayered disc samples of 20mm diameter with a 0.7mm thick Y-TZP framework and a 1.5mm thick veneer layer. 3 commercial and 4 experimental veneering ceramics (n=3 per group) were used to obtain different Deltaalpha varying from -1.3ppm/ degrees C to +3.2ppm/ degrees C, which were determined by dilatometric analyses. RESULTS: Veneer fractures were observed in samples with Deltaalpha>/=+2.3 or </=-0.3ppm/ degrees C. Residual stress profiles measured in other groups showed compressive stresses in the surface, these stresses decreasing with depth and then becoming more compressive again near the interface. Small Deltaalpha variations were shown to induce significant changes in residual stress profiles. Compressive stress near the framework was found to decrease inversely to Deltaalpha. SIGNIFICANCE: Veneer CTE close to Y-TZP (+0.2ppm/ degrees C Deltaalpha) gived the most favorable stress profile. Yet, near the framework, Deltaalpha-induced residual stress varied inversely to predictions. This could be explained by the hypothesis of structural changes occurrence within the Y-TZP surface. Consequently, the optimum Deltaalpha value cannot be determined before understanding Y-TZP's particular behavior when veneered. [less ▲]

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See detailInfluence of thermal treatment on YBa2Cu3O7-x thick films prepared by electrophoretic deposition on Ni and Ag substrates
Dusoulier, Laurent; Denis, Samuel; Dirickx, Michel et al

in Materials Research Society Symposium Proceedings (2007), 1001E

We have studied the sintering parameters of YBa2Cu3O7-x (YBCO) coatings produced by electrophoretic deposition (EPD) on Ag and Ni substrates. The maximal sintering temperature is ~ 930°C due to partial ... [more ▼]

We have studied the sintering parameters of YBa2Cu3O7-x (YBCO) coatings produced by electrophoretic deposition (EPD) on Ag and Ni substrates. The maximal sintering temperature is ~ 930°C due to partial melting and chemical contamination for Ag and Ni substrates respectively. Increasing the sintering duration does not improve significantly the densification. When Ar sintering atmosphere is used, the coating density is strongly increased on Ag substrates while adhesion is poor on Ni substrates. The Ar-sintered YBCO coating deposited on planar Ag substrate displays a significant magnetic shielding effect for low frequency applied magnetic induction. [less ▲]

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See detailInfluence of thermoelectric coupling on ectopic beats generated by mechano-electric feedback (MEF) in a one-dimensional cardiac fiber model
Collet, Arnaud ULg; Desaive, Thomas ULg; Pierard, Luc ULg et al

in 9th Belgian Day on Biomedical Engineering, Friday November 26th 2010 in the Academy Palace, Hertogstraat 1, 1000 Brussels (2010, November 26)

The influence of thermal processes on electrophysiology has clearly been underlined by Bini et al., using a FitzHugh--Nagumo-type (FHN-type) model. When the temperature is raised, the action potential ... [more ▼]

The influence of thermal processes on electrophysiology has clearly been underlined by Bini et al., using a FitzHugh--Nagumo-type (FHN-type) model. When the temperature is raised, the action potential duration (APD) has been shown to shorten, while the action potential (AP) amplitude decreases, and the conduction velocity increases. In this research, we investigate the effects of thermoelectric coupling on mechano-electric feedback (MEF), and more specifically, on ectopic beats generated by MEF. To investigate these effects, thermoelectric coupling is introduced in a one-dimensional electromechanical model of a cardiac fiber, which considers excitation-contraction coupling (ECC), as well as MEF. [less ▲]

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See detailInfluence of thermoelectric coupling on ectopic beats generated by mechano-electric feedback (MEF) in a one-dimensional cardiac fiber model
Collet, Arnaud ULg; Desaive, Thomas ULg; Pierard, Luc ULg et al

Poster (2010, November 26)

The influence of thermal processes on electrophysiology has clearly been underlined by Bini et al., using a FitzHugh--Nagumo-type (FHN-type) model. When the temperature is raised, the action potential ... [more ▼]

The influence of thermal processes on electrophysiology has clearly been underlined by Bini et al., using a FitzHugh--Nagumo-type (FHN-type) model. When the temperature is raised, the action potential duration (APD) has been shown to shorten, while the action potential (AP) amplitude decreases, and the conduction velocity increases. In this research, we investigate the effects of thermoelectric coupling on mechano-electric feedback (MEF), and more specifically, on ectopic beats generated by MEF. To investigate these effects, thermoelectric coupling is introduced in a one-dimensional electromechanical model of a cardiac fiber, which considers excitation-contraction coupling (ECC), as well as MEF. [less ▲]

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See detailInfluence of thermoelectric coupling on pacemaker activity generated by mechano-electric feedback in a one-dimensional ring-shaped model of cardiac fiber
Collet, Arnaud ULg; Desaive, Thomas ULg; Pierard, Luc ULg et al

Poster (2011, June 01)

The mechano-electric feedback (MEF) in the heart consists in the influence of the tissue deformations on the cardiac electrical activity. Under certain conditions, tissue deformations can generate ... [more ▼]

The mechano-electric feedback (MEF) in the heart consists in the influence of the tissue deformations on the cardiac electrical activity. Under certain conditions, tissue deformations can generate electrical perturbations via stretch-activated channels, such that the membrane potential can exceed the threshold value needed in order to trigger cardiac action potentials (APs). In the present study, we have developed a one-dimensional ring-shaped model of cardiac fiber taking into account three different couplings: the excitation-contraction coupling (ECC), the MEF and the thermoelectric coupling (TEC). The main goal of this work is to examine the effects of the TEC on the different properties of the pacemaker activity generated by the MEF. [less ▲]

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See detailInfluence of thermoelectric coupling on pacemaker activity generated by mechano-electric feedback in a one-dimensional ring-shaped model of cardiac fiber
Collet, Arnaud ULg; Desaive, Thomas ULg; Pierard, Luc ULg et al

in XXIIIrd congress of the International Society of Biomechanics, July 3-7, 2011 (2011, July 05)

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See detailInfluence of thermoelectric coupling on pacemaker activity generated by mechano-electric feedback in a one-dimensional ring-shaped model of cardiac fiber
Collet, Arnaud ULg; Desaive, Thomas ULg; Pierard, Luc ULg et al

Poster (2011, July 05)

Recently, the influence of thermal processes on electrophysiology has clearly been underlined, using a FitzHugh–Nagumo-type (FHN-type) model. When the temperature is raised, the action potential duration ... [more ▼]

Recently, the influence of thermal processes on electrophysiology has clearly been underlined, using a FitzHugh–Nagumo-type (FHN-type) model. When the temperature is raised, the action potential duration (APD) has been shown to shorten, while the action potential (AP) amplitude decreases, and the conduction velocity increases. In the present study, we investigate the effects of thermoelectric coupling on mechano-electric feedback (MEF), and more specifically, on pacemaker activity generated by MEF. To investigate these effects, thermoelectric coupling is introduced in a one-dimensional ring-shaped electromechanical model of cardiac fiber, which takes into account excitation-contraction coupling (ECC), as well as MEF. [less ▲]

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See detailInfluence of time, activities, and memory on the assessment of chronic low back pain intensity.
Marty, Marc; Rozenberg, Sylvie; Legout, Valerie et al

in Spine (2009), 34(15), 1604-9

STUDY DESIGN: A prospective study. OBJECTIVE: To identify factors potentially influencing patient self-evaluation of chronic low back pain (CLBP) and their interactions. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: The ... [more ▼]

STUDY DESIGN: A prospective study. OBJECTIVE: To identify factors potentially influencing patient self-evaluation of chronic low back pain (CLBP) and their interactions. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: The impact of the time, context, and/or recall on the self-assessment of chronic pain intensity remains poorly understood. METHODS: A prospective study investigated patients' CLBP intensity over 29 days. Patients were evaluated on days 1 and 29 by the investigator with a pain intensity visual analog scale (0-100), and interviewed by phone on days 8, 15, and 22 to 28 to evaluate pain intensity with a numerical rating scale (0-10), either thrice daily (time-associated group), or during rest/activities (activity-associated group). Current and/or recalled pain intensities were also assessed. Means of recorded pain intensity and overall assessment of patient's pain intensity of the day were subjected to statistical analyses with analysis of variance and test of correlation. RESULTS: Among the 203 patients included, 194 (56.2% women; mean age: 47.5 +/- 12.1 year) were considered in the analysis (9 patients were not followed until day 24). Strong correlations were obtained between mean pain intensity (time-associated group = 44 patients) and overall assessment of pain intensity of the day. Strong correlations were also obtained between overall assessment of pain intensity of the day and intensity measured during each activity, but not between current pain intensity and remembered pain 24 of 48 hours earlier (activity-associated group = 150 patients). Recalled pain intensities for the last 7 or 28 days were strongly correlated with current pain intensity, but the correlations were markedly weaker after adjustment for day 29-pain intensity. CONCLUSION: For CLBP patients, overall assessment of pain intensity of the day at evening is accurate to assess pain on 1 day. Overall assessment of pain intensity of the day is very close with usual pain. Furthermore, 24 and 48 hours remembered pain intensity are not accurate measures. Recalls of pain on the 7 or 28 last days were very dependant of the pain intensity of the day of the assessment. These findings could contribute to improving pain intensity assessment in CLBP patients avoiding multiple assessments, especially during clinical trials. [less ▲]

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See detailThe influence of tissular cross-talking on osteoarthritis progression: role of non steroidal antiinflammatory drugs
Pelletier, JP; Reginster, Jean-Yves ULg

in Osteoarthritis and Cartilage (1999), 7

Detailed reference viewed: 24 (0 ULg)