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See detailImpact of Heat Stress on Production in Holstein Cattle in four EU Regions. Selection Tools
Carabaño, Maria-Jesus; Hammami, Hedi ULg; Logar, Betka et al

Scientific conference (2014)

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See detailImpact of Heat Stress on Production in Holstein Cattle in four EU Regions. Selection Tools
Carabaño, Maria-Jesus; Hammami, Hedi ULg; Logar, Betka et al

Conference (2014)

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See detailIMPACT OF HEAVY METALS ON PHYSIOLOGICAL AND PROTEOMIC RESPONSES OF WILLOWS (SALIX SP.)
Evlard, Aricia ULg; Sergeant, Kjell; Ferrandis, Salvador et al

Poster (2012)

In 2010, around 3,800 sites in Wallonia (Belgium) were identified as potentially contaminated by heavy metals, a result of their past industrial and agricultural activities [1]. The technique of using ... [more ▼]

In 2010, around 3,800 sites in Wallonia (Belgium) were identified as potentially contaminated by heavy metals, a result of their past industrial and agricultural activities [1]. The technique of using plants to remediate contaminated sites (phytoremediation) has been studied for over twenty years. In particular, the use of trees (alder, willow, poplar) has been considered because of their large biomass production [2] [3] [4] [5]. The aim of this study was to identify the potential of local willow ecotypes to grow in the presence of heavy metals using lysimeters filled with dredging sludge. Several willow ecotypes were compared realizing morphological and physiological measurements (chlorophyll fluorescence, electrolyte leakage, carbohydrate content). The plant responses to metal stress were also investigated using a proteomic approach. Heavy metals contents in leaves and stems were analysed. With this study, the potential of these trees to valorise contaminated, abandoned sites in Belgium was evaluated. [1] Cellule Etat de l'environnement wallon (2010). Tableau de bord de l'environnement wallon. SPW-DGARNE-DEMNA-DEE. [2] Dickinson N. M. (2000). Strategies for sustainable woodland on contaminated soils. Chemosphere 41(1-2): 259-263. [3] Meers E., Lamsal S., Vervaeke P., Hopgood M., Lust N. and Tack F. M. G. (2005). Availability of heavy metals for uptake by Salix viminalis on a moderately contaminated dredged sediment disposal site. Environ Pollut 137(2): 354-364. [4] Meers E., Vandecasteele B., Ruttens A., Vangronsveld J. and Tack F. M. G. (2007). Potential of five willow species (Salix spp.) for phytoextraction of heavy metals. Environ Exp Bot 60(1): 57-68. [5] Rosselli W., Keller C. and Boschi K. (2003). Phytoextraction capacity of trees growing on a metal contaminated soil. Plant Soil 256(2): 265-272. [less ▲]

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See detailImpact of helium diffusion and helium-flash-induced carbon production on gravity-mode pulsations in subdwarf B stars
Hu, Haili; Nelemans, G.; Aerts, C. et al

in Astronomy and Astrophysics (2009), 508

Context: Realistic stellar models are essential to the forward modelling approach in asteroseismology. For practicality however, certain model assumptions are also required. For example, in the case of ... [more ▼]

Context: Realistic stellar models are essential to the forward modelling approach in asteroseismology. For practicality however, certain model assumptions are also required. For example, in the case of subdwarf B stars, one usually starts with zero-age horizontal branch structures without following the progenitor evolution. <BR /> Aims: We analyse the effects of common assumptions in subdwarf B models on the g-mode pulsational properties. We investigate if and how the pulsation periods are affected by the H-profile in the core-envelope transition zone. Furthermore, the effects of C-production and convective mixing during the core helium flash are evaluated. Finally, we reanalyse the effects of stellar opacities on the mode excitation in subdwarf B stars.<BR /> Methods: We computed detailed stellar evolutionary models of subdwarf B stars, and their non-adiabatic pulsational properties. Atomic diffusion of H and He is included consistently during the evolution calculations. The number fractions of Fe and Ni are gradually increased by up to a factor of 10 around log T = 5.3. This is necessary for mode excitation and to approximate the resulting effects of radiative levitation. We performed a pulsational stability analysis on a grid of subdwarf B models constructed with OPAL and OP opacities.<BR /> Results: We find that helium settling causes a shift in the theoretical blue edge of the g-mode instability domain to higher effective temperatures. This results in a closer match to the observed instability strip of long-period sdB pulsators, particularly for l â ¤ 3 modes. We show further that the g-mode spectrum is extremely sensitive to the H-profile in the core-envelope transition zone. If atomic diffusion is efficient, details of the initial shape of the profile become less important in the course of evolution. Diffusion broadens the chemical gradients, and results in less effective mode trapping and different pulsation periods. Furthermore, we report on the possible consequences of the He-flash for the g-modes. The outer edge of a flash-induced convective region introduces an additional chemical transition in the stellar models, and the corresponding spike in the Brünt-Väisälä frequency produces a complicated mode trapping signature in the period spacings. <BR /> [less ▲]

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See detailImpact of hemodynamic load on exercise capacity in aortic stenosis
Dulgheru, Raluca Elena ULg; Magne, Julien ULg; Capoulade, R et al

in International Journal of Cardiology (2013)

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See detailImpact of heterogeneity on estimation of infectious disease parameters
Cattaert, Tom ULg

Master's dissertation (2008)

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See detailImpact of high-wheat bran diet on sows’ microbiota, performances and progeny’s growth and health
Leblois, Julie ULg; Bindelle, Jérôme ULg; Dehareng, Frédéric et al

Conference (2016, September 02)

Finding alternatives to antimicrobial growth promoters is part of the goal of improving sustainability in pig production. Dietary fibres are considered as health-promoting substances acting on pigs’ ... [more ▼]

Finding alternatives to antimicrobial growth promoters is part of the goal of improving sustainability in pig production. Dietary fibres are considered as health-promoting substances acting on pigs’ microbiota. This study aimed to investigate whether the enrichment of sows’ diet with high levels of wheat bran (WB) could impact the performances of sows and piglets’ health. Seven sows were fed a control diet (CON) and 8 sows a WB diet from day 43 of gestation (WB 240 g/kg DM) until the end of the lactation period (WB 140 g/kg DM). Diets were formulated to be iso-energetic and iso-nitrogenous by changing the proportions of some ingredients. Faeces were sampled at different time points (before treatment, during treatment: in gestation and lactation) to determine microbiota composition (sequencing with Illumina MiSeq). Milk was sampled weekly to determine lactose, fat and protein concentration by mid-infrared technology and IgA and IgG contents by ELISA. Before weaning (d26-27), piglets were euthanized, intestinal contents and tissues sampled for further analyses. Zootechnical performances of sows and piglets were recorded. Statistical analyses were performed using the SAS MIXED procedure and repeated measurements. Treatment never impacted piglets’ weight (P=0.51). Sows’ ingestion during the lactation period was comparable between both treatments until the last 4 days of lactation where the percentage of target ingestion was significantly (P<0.001) lower for the WB (66%) compared to the CON group (89%). No effect on sows’ backfat and weight changes was observed. An increased abundance of Lactobacillus spp. in feces of the WB group was observed in gestation before and after diet change (8.8% vs 15.1% of total bacteria). However, for the overall genera changes between treatments, it only seems to occur for minor groups of bacteria. Milk protein, fat, IgG and IgA were not affected by treatment, but a time-effect (P<0.001) was observed while treatment impacted (P<0.05) lactose content. In conclusion, sows’ performances were not affected by the high WB diet and more research on the piglets’ samples is foreseen. [less ▲]

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See detailThe Impact of Higher Order Differentiability and Auxiliary Slave Nodes in Two-dimensional Contact Elements
Nguyen, Duc Tue ULg; Gaston, Rauchs; Jean Philippe, Ponthot

Scientific conference (2011, November 14)

The aim of this work is to propose new contact elements of higher order of differentiability for analysing twodimensional frictionless contact problems. Several methods were proposed in the literature to ... [more ▼]

The aim of this work is to propose new contact elements of higher order of differentiability for analysing twodimensional frictionless contact problems. Several methods were proposed in the literature to solve the problem caused by the lack of continuity resulting from the discretization. Among them are Bézier interpolation, Hermitian interpolation and splines. One of the difficulties in using Hermitian interpolation is to verify the partition of unity. Therefore, new elements that satisfy the C1 and C2 continuity at the interface are presented in this paper. These new contact elements are based on Hermitian polynomials for ensuring a higher order of continuity. The advantage is that this approach can be easily developed not only for linear elements but also for quadratic elements with higher order of differentiability. The performance of different surface representations is assessed through a comparison with a C0 surface discretization. Some numerical examples are used for assessing the accuracy and the convergence behaviour. [less ▲]

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See detailImpact of hydroelectric power releases on the morphology and the sedimentology of the bed of the Warche River (Belgium).
Assani, A. A.; Petit, François ULg

in Earth Surface Processes & Landforms (2004)

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See detailThe Impact of Illiquidity and Higher Moments of Hedge Fund Returns on Their Risk-Adjusted Performance and Diversification Potential
Cavenaile, Laurent ULg; Coen, Alain; Hübner, Georges ULg

in Journal of Alternative Investments (2011), 13(4),

This paper studies the joint impact of smoothing and fat tails on the risk-return properties of hedge fund strategies. First, we adjust risk and performance measures for illiquidity and the non-Gaussian ... [more ▼]

This paper studies the joint impact of smoothing and fat tails on the risk-return properties of hedge fund strategies. First, we adjust risk and performance measures for illiquidity and the non-Gaussian distribution of hedge funds returns. We use two risk metrics: the Modified Value-at-Risk and a preference-based measure retrieved from the linear-exponential utility function. Second, we revisit the hedge fund diversification effect with these adjustments for illiquidity. Our results report similar fund performance rankings and optimal hedge fund strategy allocations for both adjusted metrics. We also show that the benefits of hedge funds in portfolio diversification are still persistent but tend to weaken after the adjustment for illiquidity. [less ▲]

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See detailImpact of Imatinib on immune function in vitro
Pirson, Laurence ULg; Baron, Frédéric ULg; Gothot, André ULg et al

Poster (2006)

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See detailImpact of implant geometry and loading on early bone formation, Clinical Oral Implants Research
Vandamme, Katleen; Naert, Ignace; Geris, Liesbet ULg et al

in Clinical Oral Implants Research (2007), 18(5), 71-72

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See detailImpact of in vivo T-cell depletion on outcome of AML patients in first CR given peripheral blood stem cells and reduced-intensity conditioning all-SCT from a HLA-identical sibling donor : a report from the Acute Leukemia Working Party of the European group for Blood and Marrow Transplantation
Baron, Frédéric ULg; Labopin, M.; Blaise, D. et al

in Bone Marrow Transplantation (2014)

The impact of in vivo T-cell depletion on transplantation outcomes in patients transplanted with reduced-intensity conditioning (RIC) remains controversial. This study assessed the outcome of 1250 adult ... [more ▼]

The impact of in vivo T-cell depletion on transplantation outcomes in patients transplanted with reduced-intensity conditioning (RIC) remains controversial. This study assessed the outcome of 1250 adult patients with de novo AML in first CR (CR1) given PBSC from HLA-identical siblings after chemotherapy-based RIC. A total of 554 patients did not receive any form of in vivo T-cell depletion (control group), whereas antithymocyte globulin (ATG) and alemtuzumab were given in 444 and 252 patients, respectively. The incidences of grade II-IV acute GVHD were 21.4, 17.6 and 10.2% in control, ATG and alemtuzumab patients, respectively (Po0.001). In multivariate analysis, the use of ATG and the use of alemtuzumab were each associated with a lower risk of chronic GVHD (Po0.001 each), but a similar risk of relapse, and of nonrelapse mortality, and similar leukemia-free survival and OS. Further, among patients given BU-based RIC, the use of o6 mg/kg ATG did not increase the risk of relapse (hazard ratio, HR¼1.1), whereas there was a suggestion for higher relapse risk in patients given X6 mg/kg ATG (HR¼1.4, P¼0.08). In summary, these data suggest that a certain amount of in vivo T-cell depletion can be safely used in the conditioning of AML patients in CR1 given PBSC after chemotherapy-based RIC. [less ▲]

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See detailThe impact of industrialization upon rural – urban relations in Vietnam
Nguyen Thi, Dien; Lebailly, Philippe ULg; Vu Dinh, Ton

Scientific conference (2013)

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See detailThe impact of infliximab therapy on colonic mucosal expression of barrier genes in patients with inflammatory bowel disease
Arijs, I.; Quintens, R.; Van Lommel, L. et al

in Gastroenterology (2009), 136

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See detailThe impact of infliximab therapy on colonic mucosal expression of barrier genes in patients with inflammatory bowel disease.
Arijs, I.; Quintens, R.; Van Lommel, L. et al

in Acta Gastro-Enterologica Belgica (2009)

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See detailThe impact of infliximab therapy on intestinal mucosal gene expression of endothelial cell adhesion molecules in patients with inflammatory bowel disease
Arijs, I.; Quintens, R.; Lemaire, K. et al

in Gastroenterology (2010), 138(5 Suppl I), -677

Detailed reference viewed: 16 (3 ULg)