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See detailImportance of alfacalcidol in clinical conditions characterized by high rate of bone loss
Reginster, Jean-Yves ULg; Lecart, M. P.; Richy, F.

in Journal of Rheumatology (2005), 32(Suppl. 76), 21-25

In postmenopausal osteoporosis, the administration of alfacalcidol to women resulted in an increase in trabecular bone mineral density (BMD), prevention of cortical bone loss, and a significant reduction ... [more ▼]

In postmenopausal osteoporosis, the administration of alfacalcidol to women resulted in an increase in trabecular bone mineral density (BMD), prevention of cortical bone loss, and a significant reduction in the incidence of further vertebral fractures. There is now robust evidence that alfacalcidol may be particularly active in conditions characterized by an increased rate of bone loss. Alfacalcidol 1 microg/day fully prevented vertebral bone loss over 3 years in women after the first year of menopause. In a large cohort of individuals starting treatment with high dose corticosteroid (CS, 46.6 mg equivalent prednisolone per day), the spinal bone loss observed in untreated patients was fully prevented by administration of 1 microg/day alfacalcidol. In patients with established CS-induced osteoporosis, with or without prevalent vertebral fractures, 1 microg/day of alfacalcidol, given for 3 years, increased lumbar spine density, reduced back pain, and showed a significant reduction in the rate of new vertebral fractures, compared to native vitamin D. In cardiac transplant recipients, alfacalcidol and calcium reduced spinal and femoral bone loss, compared to a control group treated with etidronate and calcium. Alfacalcidol-treated patients experienced fewer new vertebral fractures over the 2-year followup. When alfacalcidol and vitamin D3 were compared in elderly women with radiologic evidence of vertebral fracture, fractional calcium absorption was increased after 3 months with alfacalcidol but was unchanged with vitamin D3. In a recent metaanalysis of 14 studies of native vitamin D and 19 studies of D-hormone analogs (alfacalcidol and calcitriol), the D-analogs exerted a higher preventive effect on bone loss and fracture rates in patients with no exposure to CS. In head-to-head studies comparing D-analogs and native vitamin D in patients receiving CS, this metaanalysis identified significant effects favoring D-analogs for femoral neck BMD and spinal fractures. In conclusion, improvement in bone turnover, increase in BMD, and reduction in fracture rates have been described during alfacalcidol treatment in situations characterized by a high rate of bone loss, including CS-induced osteoporosis, early postmenopausal bone loss, and organ transplant. Compared to plain vitamin D, alfacalcidol exerts higher bone-protective effects, thus allowing the doses to be minimized and lowering the risk of adverse effects, including hypercalcemia. [less ▲]

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See detailThe Importance of Awareness for Veterinarians Involved in Cattle Tuberculosis Skin Testing
Humblet, Marie-France ULg; Moyen, Jean-Louis; Bardoux, Patrick et al

in Transboundary and Emerging Diseases (2011)

France is currently facing a re-emergence of bovine tuberculosis in several regions. To assess the knowledge of veterinary field practitioners concerning skin testing, a questionnaire-based methodology ... [more ▼]

France is currently facing a re-emergence of bovine tuberculosis in several regions. To assess the knowledge of veterinary field practitioners concerning skin testing, a questionnaire-based methodology developed in Belgium was adapted to the context of the French department of Dordogne. The veterinarians involved in herds skin testing were solicited to participate to the survey (N = 94), through an anonymous postal questionnaire including items related to each step of the skin test procedure. Each item of the questionnaire was allotted a compliance score by 5 experts in the field of bovine tuberculosis (0, 1 or 2 a correct, acceptable and unacceptable answer respectively). These scores were balanced over 30 criteria according to their potential impact on the non-detection of reactors, on the basis of 11 experts’ opinion. A global score was calculated for each participating veterinarian. In addition, the Departmental sanitary authorities held meetings in December 2005 and June 2006 to make the veterinarians aware of the importance of correctly performing the skin test. The participants to the study were asked to fill in the questionnaire in duplicate, one related to their practices before the meeting, and the other one focusing on their practices after the meeting. A comparison of both situations was carried out (pre- and post-awareness meeting), as well as a comparison with the Belgian situation, arbitrarily selected as reference for the methodology. The participation was representative and reached a 23.4% rate. A significant difference was noticed between the mean global score reached before and after the meeting. These results show the usefulness of an appropriate awareness campaign of veterinarians in relation with skin testing and the importance of frequently holding awareness meetings in areas remaining confronted with bovine tuberculosis problems. It also highlights the interest of a structured auto-assessment process of veterinary practices [less ▲]

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See detailThe importance of being small
Tharakan, Joseph ULg

Conference (1998, December)

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See detailThe importance of being small
Tharakan, Joseph ULg; Thisse, Jacques

in Regional Science & Urban Economics (2002), 32

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See detailThe importance of being small
Tharakan, Joseph ULg

Conference (1999, April)

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See detailThe importance of carbonic anhydrase II in red blood cells during exposure of chicken embryos to CO2.
Everaert, Nadia ULg; Willemsen, H.; Hulikova, A. et al

in Respiratory physiology & neurobiology (2010), 172(3), 154-61

The importance of carbonic anhydrase (CA) during exposure of chicken embryos to CO(2) during the second half of incubation was investigated. The protein abundance and activity of CAII in erythrocytes was ... [more ▼]

The importance of carbonic anhydrase (CA) during exposure of chicken embryos to CO(2) during the second half of incubation was investigated. The protein abundance and activity of CAII in erythrocytes was significantly higher in CO(2)-exposed embryos compared to normal conditions. Daily injections of acetazolamide (ATZ), an inhibitor of CA, increased blood P(CO2) and decreased blood pH in both control and CO(2)-incubated embryos. ATZ increased blood bicarbonate concentration in embryos exposed to normal atmosphere and in day-12 embryos exposed to high CO(2). The tendency of an increased blood potassium concentration in ATZ-injected embryos under standard atmospheric conditions might indicate that protons were exchanged with intracellular potassium. However, there was no evidence for such an exchange in CO(2)-incubated ATZ-treated embryos. This study shows for the first time that chicken embryos adapt to CO(2) during the second half of incubation by increasing CAII protein expression and function in red blood cells. This response may serve to "buffer" elevated CO(2) levels. [less ▲]

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See detailImportance of Cell Kinetics Rhythmicity for the Control of Cell Proliferation and Carcinogenesis in Rat Liver (Review)
Barbason, Hervé ULg; Herens, Christian ULg; Robaye, B. et al

in In Vivo (Athens, Greece) (1995), 9(6, Nov-Dec), 539-48

The circadian control of cell Proliferation and Differentiation has been studied principally in rat liver. The comparison between the differentiation by hepatic enzymes and the division by the cell cycle ... [more ▼]

The circadian control of cell Proliferation and Differentiation has been studied principally in rat liver. The comparison between the differentiation by hepatic enzymes and the division by the cell cycle under various experimental conditions (postnatal maturation, regeneration after partial hepatectomy, adrenalectomy, corticosterone treatments etc.) leads to the following conclusions: Under physiological conditions, proliferation and differentiation activities present a mutually exclusive relationship with a specific circadian rhythm. For both functions, the circadian variation of corticosterone plays the role of synchronizer, each evening (peak) it induces the synthesis of tissue specific enzymes in G0 cells and simultaneously inhibits the DNA synthesis in cycling cells. The same parameters have been studied during the different stages of hepatocarcinogenesis induced by Diethylnitrosamine (DEN). After initiation alone, (DEN for 2 weeks) circadian control is unchanged and precancerous cells are not able to reach malignancy. Promotion (DEN for 6 weeks) consists of disturbing the circadian synchronization to liberate the selective growth of initiated precancerous cells. This proliferation advantage favours the accumulation of chromosomal aberrations including those implicated in malignant transformation: i.e. activation of oncogenes or inhibition of antioncogenes. [less ▲]

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See detailImportance of clean-up for comparison of TEQ-values obtained by CALUX and chemo-analysis
Van Wouwe, N.; Windal, I.; Vanderperren, H. et al

in Talanta (2004), 63(5), 1269-1272

This paper presents Chemically Activated LUciferine gene eXpression (CALUX) TEQ-values obtained for nine plasma samples following two different purification procedures, one of them involving fractionation ... [more ▼]

This paper presents Chemically Activated LUciferine gene eXpression (CALUX) TEQ-values obtained for nine plasma samples following two different purification procedures, one of them involving fractionation. CALUX results obtained for the dioxin (DX) and dioxin + PCB (DX + PCB) fractions were then compared to the GC-HRMS TEQ-values calculated for the 17 polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins and polychlorinated dibenzofurans (17 PCDD/F) and 17 PCDD/F + 4 cPCB congeners, respectively. The overestimation of the CALUX (DX fraction) TEQ-values in comparison with the chemo-analyses of the 17 PCDD/F is mainly explained by the presence of other AhR agonists, like brominated compounds. Otherwise, the constancy of the CALUX (DX + PCB fraction) TEQ-value which compares to increasing the GC-HRMS (17 PCDD/F + 4 cPCB) TEQ results raises questions concerning (1) the significance of CALUX results obtained without fractionation as well as (2) the toxicological effect of a cocktail of contaminants on the human health. (C) 2004 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. [less ▲]

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See detailImportance of cognitive (dys)function in Major Depressive Disorders
Desseilles, Martin ULg

Scientific conference (2015, May 30)

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See detailImportance of concomitant local and systemic eosinophilia in uncontrolled asthma - Letter from the authors to editor
SCHLEICH, FLorence ULg; LOUIS, Renaud ULg

in The European respiratory journal (2014), 44(4), 1098-9

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See detailImportance of concomitant local and systemic eosinophilia in uncontrolled asthma.
SCHLEICH, FLorence ULg; Chevremont, Anne; Paulus, Virginie et al

in The European respiratory journal (2014), 44

Systemic and airway eosinophilia are recognised features of asthma. There are, however, patients who exhibit discordance between local and systemic eosinophilia. In this study, we sought to determine the ... [more ▼]

Systemic and airway eosinophilia are recognised features of asthma. There are, however, patients who exhibit discordance between local and systemic eosinophilia. In this study, we sought to determine the prevalence and characteristics of patients with concordant and discordant systemic and bronchial eosinophilia.We conducted a retrospective study on 508 asthmatics with successful sputum induction. We assessed the relationship between blood and sputum eosinophils by breaking down the population into four groups according to blood (>/=400 cells per mm3) and sputum (>/=3%) eosinophils. Then, we prospectively reassessed the link between eosinophils and asthma control (Asthma Control Questionnaire (ACQ)) and exacerbation rate in a new cohort of 250 matched asthmatics.In our retrospective cohort, asthmatics without eosinophilic inflammation were the largest group (49%). The group with isolated sputum eosinophilia (25%) was, compared with noneosinophilic asthma, associated with lower forced expiratory volume in 1 s (FEV1) and FEV1/forced vital capacity ratio and higher bronchial hyperresponsiveness and exhaled nitric oxide fraction (FeNO). Asthmatics exhibiting isolated systemic eosinophilia (7%) had similar characteristics as noneosinophilic asthmatics. The group with concordant systemic and airway eosinophilia (19%) showed remarkable male predominance, and had the lowest airway calibre, ACQ score and quality of life, and the highest bronchial hyperresponsiveness, FeNO and exacerbation rate. The prospective cohort confirmed the different subgroup proportions and the higher ACQ and exacerbation rates in cases of diffuse eosinophilia compared with noneosinophilic asthmatics.Concomitant systemic and bronchial eosinophilic inflammation contribute to poor asthma control. [less ▲]

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See detailImportance of copepod carcasses versus faecal pellets in the upper water column of an oligotrophic area
Frangoulis, Constantin; Skliris, Nikolaos; Lepoint, Gilles ULg et al

in Estuarine Coastal & Shelf Science (2011), 92

Downward flux of zooplankton faecal pellets and carcasses was studied during and after the spring bloom in an oligotrophic coastal area of the Western Mediterranean using a « swimmer-excluding » sediment ... [more ▼]

Downward flux of zooplankton faecal pellets and carcasses was studied during and after the spring bloom in an oligotrophic coastal area of the Western Mediterranean using a « swimmer-excluding » sediment trap. Zooplankton detritus retrieved in the trap were comprised of cylindrical faecal pellets (from meso- and macrozooplankton) and copepod carcasses with a respective carbon flux of 0.05 - 2.69 mg m-2 d-1 and 0.42 - 4.37 mg m-2 d-1. Carbon and nitrogen flux of carcasses always exceeded that of faecal pellets, except at the beginning of the bloom due to a higher contribution of macrozooplankton faecal material. During the peak of phytoplankton biomass, total faecal flux essentially comprised of copepod faecal pellets (68 - 86% of the total faecal carbon), whereas before and after this period, macrozooplankton faecal material dominated (88 - 91% of total faecal carbon flux). Copepod faecal flux was positively correlated with phytoplankton biomass. Estimates of non-predatory biomass mortality rates (from < 0.01 to 0.05 d-1) were negatively correlated with chl a with a time lag of 12 days and were lower than predatory mortality values reported in the same area. The paper discusses the relative importance of carcasses versus faecal pellet flux and of non-predatory versus predatory mortality, as well as the potential role of these zooplankton detritus in supporting the production of benthos in oligotrophic areas. [less ▲]

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See detailImportance of Dispersion Forces for the Simulation of Amorphous Phase Change Materials
Raty, Jean-Yves ULg; Wuttig, Matthias; Bichara, Christophe

Conference (2014, April 24)

GeTe and GST amorphous materials are re-investigated using ab initio dft molecular dynamics to compare the effect of various functionals that include the treatment of dispersion (Van der Waals) forces on ... [more ▼]

GeTe and GST amorphous materials are re-investigated using ab initio dft molecular dynamics to compare the effect of various functionals that include the treatment of dispersion (Van der Waals) forces on the structural and dynamical properties of the final amorphous structures. We show that the proportion of tetrahedral Ge to other types of environments as well as the ratio of 3-fold and 2-fold bonded Te atoms is much dependent on the choice of functional. The different functionals yield variable agreement with the available structural experimental data. Properties such as the diffusion coefficient and vibrational densities of states are computed, indicating that models that are extremely close in energy may have very different experimental signatures [less ▲]

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See detailThe importance of distinguishing item and order memory for understanding short-term memory deficits in brain-damaged patients
Attout, Lucie ULg; VAN DER KAA, Marie-Anne ULg; GEORGE, Mercédès ULg et al

Poster (2011, October 18)

Selective verbal short-term memory (STM) deficits are rare and are often associated with a history of aphasia, raising doubts about the selectivity of these deficits. We explore here the distinction ... [more ▼]

Selective verbal short-term memory (STM) deficits are rare and are often associated with a history of aphasia, raising doubts about the selectivity of these deficits. We explore here the distinction between STM for item information (the items and their phonological and semantic characteristics) and STM for order information (the order of items within a list) to separate STM and language impairment. Recent models of STM consider that STM for item information depends upon activation of the language system, and hence item STM deficits should be associated with language impairment. By contrast, STM for order information is considered to recruit a specific system, distinct from the language system. Hence, order STM should be impaired in patients with language-independent STM deficits. We applied this rationale to the exploration of STM profiles of two patients with a history of aphasia, MB and CG. At the time of this study, patient MB showed poor digit and word STM spans associated with a mild impairment at the level of phonological input processing. Patient CG showed poor STM spans with no residual language impairment. A first experiment assessed STM for order and item information, using order and item probe recognition tasks. Patient MB showed severely impaired performance in the item condition (Z=-4.71; p<.001) but a milder deficit in the order condition (Z=-2.17; p<.05). CG on the other hand showed perfectly preserved performance for the item condition (Z=-0.43) but significantly slowed response times for the order condition (Z=-2.20; p<.05). In a second experiment determining item and order error proportions in an immediate serial recall task for six-word lists, MB showed a significantly increased proportion of item errors (Z=-3.24 and -2.6 for positions 5 and 6, respectively; p<.05) but not of order errors (Z=-1.47), while CG showed perfectly preserved item recall (Z=0.22) but an increase of order errors especially in final list positions (Z =-2.57 for position 6; p<.05). A third experiment assessed reconstruction of serial order for digit lists showing perfectly preserved performance in patient MB (Z=1.32) but severely impaired performance in patient CG (Z=-3.49; p<.05). A final experiment assessed new word learning performance, given that STM for order has been shown to be a critical determinant of vocabulary acquisition in children and adults. CG showed impaired new word learning performance in a paired associate word-new word learning experiment (Z=-3.29; p<.05) but not in a word-word learning control experiment (Z=0.13), while MB showed a more general verbal learning impairment (word-nonword: Z=-3.09, p<.05; word-word: Z=-4.8, p<.05). This study provides the first demonstration of a dissociation between STM for order and STM for item information in patients with a history of aphasia, and further shows that patients with residual language impairment are more likely to present impaired STM for item information which is considered to depend on the integrity of the language system. Order STM deficits on the other hand may represent what is commonly referred to as selective STM impairment, highlighting the importance of distinguishing between item and order STM processes when exploring STM deficits in aphasic patients. [less ▲]

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Peer Reviewed
See detailImportance of early nutritional support in very low birth weight infants
SENTERRE, Thibault ULg

in 5th International Clinical & Community Nutrition Conference (2013, May)

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See detailimportance of ecotone modeling for landscape fragmentation assessment.
Bogaert, Jan ULg

Conference (1999)

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See detailThe importance of ecotone modelling for landscape fragmentation assessment.
Bogaert, Jan ULg; Salvador-Van Eysenrode, D; Van Hecke, P et al

in Proceedings of the 5th World Congress of the International Association for Landscape Ecology (IALE). (1999)

Detailed reference viewed: 19 (1 ULg)
See detailThe importance of embryonic glycemia on the posthatch performance and insulin sensitivity of broiler chickens.
Franssens, L.; Lesuisse, J.; Koppenol, A. et al

Conference (2013)

Detailed reference viewed: 19 (1 ULg)