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See detailHigh-Technology Service Innovation Success: A Decision-Making Perspective
Van Riel, Allard ULiege; Lemmink, Jos; Ouwersloot, Hans

in Journal of Product Innovation Management (2004), 21(5), 348-359

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See detailHigh-temperature and quantitative XRD study of typical Westerwald clays (Germany)
Fontaine, François ULiege; Fagel, Nathalie ULiege

Poster (2016, July 05)

The Westerwald is one of the largest and oldest clay mining area of Germany. Those deposits were formed during the Eocene and Oligocene as a result of the weathering, erosion and redeposition of Devonian ... [more ▼]

The Westerwald is one of the largest and oldest clay mining area of Germany. Those deposits were formed during the Eocene and Oligocene as a result of the weathering, erosion and redeposition of Devonian rocks. During the Miocene, intense volcanic activities led to a large basalt cover, protecting the clays from the erosion. The fine fraction is mainly composed of kaolinite and illite, with the possible presence of interstratified I S. Other minerals such as quartz, feldspars, hematite, goethite or anatase are present in variable concentrations. Four typical Westerwald clays were chosen for this study: kaolinite-rich clay, kaolinite-illite clay, a red and a yellow firing clays. The first goal is to perform quantitative XRD using two different methods and to compare them: reference intensity ratio (RIR) and Rietveld (using Topas and BGMN). The second goal is the study of those samples using high-temperature XRD (HTXRD). The samples were heated up to 1250°C and a XRD pattern was obtained in situ every 100°C. The results show the temperatures of vitrification and formation of mullite and cristobalite varying from one sample to another, which is mainly linked to their flux concentration. [less ▲]

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See detailHigh-temperature polyimide nanofoams for microelectronic applications
Hedrick, James L; Carter, K. R.; Cha, J. E. et al

in Reactive & Functional Polymers (1996), 30(1-3), 43-53

Foamed polyimides have been developed in order to obtain thin film dielectric layers with very low dielectric constants for use in microelectronic devices. In these systems the pore sizes are in the ... [more ▼]

Foamed polyimides have been developed in order to obtain thin film dielectric layers with very low dielectric constants for use in microelectronic devices. In these systems the pore sizes are in the nanometer range, thus, the term 'nanofoam'. The polyimide foams are prepared from block copolymers consisting of thermally stable and thermally labile blocks, the latter being the dispersed phase. Foam formation is effected by thermolysis of the thermally labile block, leaving pores of the size and shape corresponding to the initial copolymer morphology. Nanofoams prepared from a number of polyimides as matrix materials were investigated as well as from a number of thermally labile polymers. The foams were characterized by a variety of experiments including TEM, SAXS, WAXD, DMTA, density measurements. refractive index measurements and dielectric constant measurements. Thin film foams, with high thermal stability and low dielectric constants approaching 2.0, can be prepared using the copolymer/nanofoam approach. [less ▲]

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See detailHigh-throughput analysis of human serum for selected polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) by gas chromatography-isotope dilution time-of-flight mass spectrometry (GC-IDTOFMS)
Focant, Jean-François ULiege; Cochran, Jack W.; Dimandja, Jean-Marie D. et al

in Analyst (2004), 129(4), 331-336

A method for the high-throughput analysis of human serum for the 38 most prevalent polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) based on the use of fast gas chromatography-isotopic dilution time-of-flight mass ... [more ▼]

A method for the high-throughput analysis of human serum for the 38 most prevalent polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) based on the use of fast gas chromatography-isotopic dilution time-of-flight mass spectrometry (GC-IDTOFMS) is presented. The chromatographic separation time was 8 min. The separation of the congeners was carried out either chromatographically or analytically using the mass spectral deconvolution capability of the TOFMS. The instrument and the method limits of detection (LODs) were 0.5 pg muL(-1) and 20 pg muL(-1), respectively, which is not as good as the one achieved using high resolution mass spectrometry (HRMS) but allows the detection and quantification of the prevalent PCBs present in real human serum samples. The dynamic range covered 3 orders of magnitude. The comparison with the high resolution mass spectrometry (HRMS) reference method (28 min) was good and some separation improvements have been observed. This method allows the analysis of 100 samples per day per instrument. [less ▲]

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See detailHigh-throughput biomonitoring of dioxins and polychlorinated biphenyls at the sub-picogram level in human serum
Focant, Jean-François ULiege; Eppe, Gauthier ULiege; Massart, Anne-Cécile ULiege et al

in Journal of Chromatography. A (2006), 1130(1), 97-107

We report on the use of a state-of-the-art method for the measurement of selected polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins, polychlorinated dibenzofurans and polychlorinated biphenyls in human serum specimens ... [more ▼]

We report on the use of a state-of-the-art method for the measurement of selected polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins, polychlorinated dibenzofurans and polychlorinated biphenyls in human serum specimens. The sample preparation procedure is based on manual small size solid-phase extraction (SPE) followed by automated clean-up and fractionation using multi-sorbent liquid chromatography columns. SPE cartridges and all clean-up columns are disposable. Samples are processed in batches of 20 units, including one blank control (BC) sample and one quality control (QC) sample. The analytical measurement is performed using gas chromatography coupled to isotope dilution high-resolution mass spectrometry. The sample throughput corresponds to one series of 20 samples per day, from sample reception to data quality cross-check and reporting, once the procedure has been started and series of samples keep being produced. Four analysts are required to ensure proper performances of the procedure. The entire procedure has been validated under International Organization for Standardization (ISO) 17025 criteria and further tested over more than 1500 unknown samples during various epidemiological studies. The method is further discussed in terms of reproducibility, efficiency and long-term stability regarding the 35 target analytes. Data related to quality control and limit of quantification (LOQ) calculations are also presented and discussed. (c) 2006 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. [less ▲]

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See detailHigh-throughput expression of animal venom toxins in Escherichia coli to generate a large library of oxidized disulphide-reticulated peptides for drug discovery
Turchetto; Sequeira, Ana Filipa; Ramond, Laurie et al

in Microbial Cell Factories (2017), 16(6), 1-15

Animal venoms are complex molecular cocktails containing a wide range of biologically active disulphide-reticulated peptides that target, with high selectivity and efficacy, a variety of membrane ... [more ▼]

Animal venoms are complex molecular cocktails containing a wide range of biologically active disulphide-reticulated peptides that target, with high selectivity and efficacy, a variety of membrane receptors. Disulphide-reticulated peptides have evolved to display improved specificity, low immunogenicity and to show much higher resistance to degradation than linear peptides. These properties make venom peptides attractive candidates for drug development. However, recombinant expression of reticulated peptides containing disulphide bonds is challenging, especially when associated with the production of large libraries of bioactive molecules for drug screening. To date, as an alternative to artificial synthetic chemical libraries, no comprehensive recombinant libraries of natural venom peptides are accessible for high-throughput screening to identify novel therapeutics. RESULTS: In the accompanying paper an efficient system for the expression and purification of oxidized disulphide-reticulated venom peptides in Escherichia coli is described. Here we report the development of a high-throughput automated platform, that could be adapted to the production of other families, to generate the largest ever library of recombinant venom peptides. The peptides were produced in the periplasm of E. coli using redox-active DsbC as a fusion tag, thus allowing the efficient formation of correctly folded disulphide bridges. TEV protease was used to remove fusion tags and recover the animal venom peptides in the native state. Globally, within nine months, out of a total of 4992 synthetic genes encoding a representative diversity of venom peptides, a library containing 2736 recombinant disulphide-reticulated peptides was generated. The data revealed that the animal venom peptides produced in the bacterial host were natively folded and, thus, are putatively biologically active. CONCLUSIONS: Overall this study reveals that high-throughput expression of animal venom peptides in E. coli can generate large libraries of recombinant disulphide-reticulated peptides of remarkable interest for drug discovery programs. [less ▲]

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See detailHigh-throughput genomic sequencing of cassava bacterial blight strains identifies conserved effectors to target for durable resistance.
Bart, Rebecca; Cohn, Megan; Kassen, Andrew et al

in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America (2012), 109(28), 1972-9

Cassava bacterial blight (CBB), incited by Xanthomonas axonopodis pv. manihotis (Xam), is the most important bacterial disease of cassava, a staple food source for millions of people in developing ... [more ▼]

Cassava bacterial blight (CBB), incited by Xanthomonas axonopodis pv. manihotis (Xam), is the most important bacterial disease of cassava, a staple food source for millions of people in developing countries. Here we present a widely applicable strategy for elucidating the virulence components of a pathogen population. We report Illumina-based draft genomes for 65 Xam strains and deduce the phylogenetic relatedness of Xam across the areas where cassava is grown. Using an extensive database of effector proteins from animal and plant pathogens, we identify the effector repertoire for each sequenced strain and use a comparative sequence analysis to deduce the least polymorphic of the conserved effectors. These highly conserved effectors have been maintained over 11 countries, three continents, and 70 y of evolution and as such represent ideal targets for developing resistance strategies. [less ▲]

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See detailHigh-throughput method for comparative analysis of denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis profiles from human fecal samples reveals significant increases in two bifidobacterial species after inulin-type prebiotic intake.
Joossens, Marie; Huys, Geert; Van Steen, Kristel ULiege et al

in FEMS Microbiology Ecology (2011), 75(2), 343-9

Denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis (DGGE) is one of the most commonly used molecular tools to study complex microbial communities. Despite its widespread use, meaningful interpretative analysis ... [more ▼]

Denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis (DGGE) is one of the most commonly used molecular tools to study complex microbial communities. Despite its widespread use, meaningful interpretative analysis remains a major drawback of this method. We evaluated the combination of computer-assisted band-matching with nonparametric statistics for comparative analysis of DGGE banding patterns. Fecal samples from 17 healthy volunteers who consumed 20 g of the prebiotic compound oligofructose-enriched inulin (OF-IN) for 4 weeks were analyzed before and after treatment. DGGE fingerprinting profiles were analyzed using bionumerics software version 4.6., which resulted in a data matrix that was used for statistical analysis. When comparing DGGE profiles before and after OF-IN intake with a Wilcoxon nonparametric test for paired data, two band-classes increased significantly after OF-IN intake (P<0.003 and <0.02). These two band-classes could be assigned to the species Bifidobacterium longum and Bifidobacterium adolescentis by band-sequencing analysis, and their significant increase was quantitatively confirmed with real-time PCR using species-specific primers (respectively P<0.012 and <0.010). Therefore, the nonparametric analysis of a data matrix obtained by computer-assisted band-matching of complex profiles facilitated the interpretative analysis of these profiles and provided an objective and high-throughput method for the detection of significant taxonomic differences in larger numbers of complex profiles. [less ▲]

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See detailHigh-throughput methodology applied to screening of carbohydrate-based surfactant interfacial properties for colloidal system formulations
Razafindralambo, Hary ULiege; Blecker, Christophe ULiege; Deroanne et al

Poster (2009)

Carbohydrate-based surfactants (CBS) constitute an attractive class of amphiphilic molecules owing to their structural diversity generating a wide range of properties which could be developed in food and ... [more ▼]

Carbohydrate-based surfactants (CBS) constitute an attractive class of amphiphilic molecules owing to their structural diversity generating a wide range of properties which could be developed in food and non-food applications. Based on many functional groups of the carbohydrate part, it is possible to design multiple amphiphilic structures of CBS varying in the hydrophilic head groups (mono-, oligo-, or polysaccharides), hydrophobic tail (mono-, di-, tricatenar) but also in the linker/spacer between them. The main structures of CBS include mono- and bicatenar glycolipids, bolaforms, and gemini. Moreover, CBS compounds can be produced from the most abundant renewable materials allowing large product concept possibilities. Among general properties of surfactants, interfacial properties molecules occupy a fundamental key role for colloidal system formulations since they control most of technological aptitudes required for forming and stabilizing food, cosmetic, agrochemical, detergent, and pharmaceutical products. High-throughput methodology applied to screening of CBS interfacial properties appears crucial for achieving optimum formulations of colloidal systems like foams and emulsions for which small amounts of single or mix surface-active agents are often needed and numerous physical and chemical parameters are involved. This general approach may be applied to any amphiphilic molecules produced from other renewable resources of surface-active compounds like micro-organisms and by direct extraction from vegetable materials. One of the key factors for the development of this methodology is the use of automated instrument systems in laboratory scale which are still lacking in this field compared to those existing in the analytical chemistry and biochemistry areas. [less ▲]

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See detailHigh-throughput quantification of the mechanical competence of murine femora - A highly automated approach for large-scale genetic studies
Ruffoni, Davide ULiege; Kohler, T.; Voide, R. et al

in BONE (2013), 55(1), 216-221

Animal models are widely used to gain insight into the role of genetics on bone structure and function. One of the main strategies to map the genes regulating specific traits is called quantitative trait ... [more ▼]

Animal models are widely used to gain insight into the role of genetics on bone structure and function. One of the main strategies to map the genes regulating specific traits is called quantitative trait loci (QTL) analysis, which generally requires a very large number of animals (often more than 1000) to reach statistical significance. QTL analysis for mechanical traits has been mainly based on experimental mechanical testing, which, in view of the large number of animals, is time consuming. Hence, the goal of the present work was to introduce an automated method for large-scale high-throughput quantification of the mechanical properties of murine femora. Specifically, our aims were, first, to develop and validate an automated method to quantify murine femoral bone stiffness. Second, to test its high-throughput capabilities on murine femora from a large genetic study, more specifically, femora from two growth hormone (GH) deficient inbred strains of mice (B6-lit/lit and C3.B6-lit/lit) and their first (F1) and second (F2) filial offsprings. Automated routines were developed to convert micro-computed tomography (micro-CT) images of femora into micro-finite element (micro-FE) models. The method was experimentally validated on femora from C57BL/6J and C3H/HeJ mice: for both inbred strains the micro-FE models closely matched the experimentally measured bone stiffness when using a single tissue modulus of 13.06 GPa. The mechanical analysis of the entire dataset (n = 1990) took approximately 44 CPU hours on a supercomputer. In conclusion, our approach, in combination with QTL analysis could help to locate genes directly involved in controlling bone mechanical competence. (C) 2013 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved. [less ▲]

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See detailHigh-throughput sequencing analysis reveals the genetic diversity of different regions of the murine norovirus genome during in vitro replication
Mauroy, Axel ULiege; Taminiau, Bernard ULiege; Nezer, Carine et al

in Archives of Virology (2017), 16(4), 1019-1023

In this study, we report the genetic diversity and nucleotide mutation rates of five representative regions of the murine norovirus genome during in vitro passages. The mutation rates were similar in ... [more ▼]

In this study, we report the genetic diversity and nucleotide mutation rates of five representative regions of the murine norovirus genome during in vitro passages. The mutation rates were similar in genomic regions encompassing partial coding sequences for non-structural (NS) 1-2, NS5, NS6, NS7 proteins within open reading frame (ORF) 1. In a region encoding a portion of the major capsid protein (VP1) within ORF2 (also including the ORF4 region) and a portion of the minor structural protein (VP2), the mutation rates were estimated to be at least one order of magnitude higher. The VP2 coding region was found to have the highest mutation rate. [less ▲]

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See detailHigh-throughput sequencing of toxins with pharmacological interest: proof of concept and first applications
Echterbille, Julien ULiege; Degueldre, Michel ULiege; Boulanger, Madeleine ULiege et al

Conference (2015, September 28)

Animal venoms are complex chemical cocktails, comprising wide ranges of biologically active reticulated peptides that target with high selectivity and efficacy varieties of membrane receptors. Assuming ... [more ▼]

Animal venoms are complex chemical cocktails, comprising wide ranges of biologically active reticulated peptides that target with high selectivity and efficacy varieties of membrane receptors. Assuming the fact that each of the 170,000 venomous species reported can produce more than 250 bioactive toxins, at least 40,000,000 bioactive peptides and proteins may be discovered. Among the four described species of mambas, Eastern Jameson’s mamba (Dendroaspis jamesonii kaimosae) venom is the less characterized since only 9 peptides are referenced in database. This work aims at developing a new strategy devoted to the deep analysis of animal venoms. Our approach consists in a first separation of the venom using cation exchange chromatography. Each primary fraction is then purified a second time by classical RP-HPLC. A total of 328 fractions, containing amongst 1 and 4 toxins, are finally collected. MALDI-MS analysis of each fraction is done in order (1) to obtain information about masses and (2) to obtain sequences of toxins thanks to MALDI-In Source Decay (ISD) dissociation coupled with on MALDI target plate reduction of the peptides. ISD has already been demonstrated efficient for toxin sequencing1, and especially when using 1,5-DAN as reducing matrix2. ISD yields to sequences that cover more than 50% of peptide sequences by series of singly charged c-type ions. Thanks to this methodology, we were able to obtain 85% of satisfactory results i.e. spectra giving quite long tags of amino acids (up to 20 residues). As a way to validate our method, a tag coming from ISD spectrum interpretation has found a match in database for an Eastern Jameson’s mamba toxin. The global sequence has then been obtained by extrapolation on the ISD spectrum. Since ISD spectra are simpler than classical MS/MS spectra, automation of spectra interpretation, difficult with other fragmentation techniques (CID, ETD…), is implementable. In the near future, sequences obtained with this approach will be used to direct tests of biological activity through sequence homologies with already known ligands for different kinds of membrane receptors. [less ▲]

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See detailHigh-throughput strategies for the discovery and engineering of enzymes for biocatalysis
Jacques, Philippe ULiege; Béchet, M.; Bigan, M. et al

in Bioprocess and Biosystems Engineering (2017), 40(2),

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See detailHigh-throughput synthesis of functional oxide films
Dhanapal, Pravarthana ULiege

Doctoral thesis (2014)

Epitaxy of metal oxides is of great interest since it provides a way to obtain desired novel properties for the applications such as electronics and energy. However, earlier epitaxy research's have been ... [more ▼]

Epitaxy of metal oxides is of great interest since it provides a way to obtain desired novel properties for the applications such as electronics and energy. However, earlier epitaxy research's have been restricted because of the limited range of compositions and low-index of commercially available single crystal substrates. Consequently, novel epitaxy synthesis methods need to be developed in order to go beyond the present demands of of single crystal substrates in terms of phase, composition, size, orientation and symmetry. In this research work, we have developed a high-throughput synthesis process, called combinatorial substrate epitaxy (CSE), where an oxide film is grown epitaxially on a polycrystalline substrate. As a proof-of-concept, we firstly fabricated Ca3Co4O9 films on Al2O3 ceramics. Films have a good local epitaxial registry, and the Seebeck coefficient is about 170 µV/K at 300 K. High quality BiFeO3/La0.7Sr0.3MnO3 thin film heterostructures were secondly deposited on dense LaAlO3 ceramics prepared by spark plasma sintering. Piezoforce microscopy was used to confirm the local ferroelectric properties. Thirdly, we investigate the growth of of metastable monoclinic Dy2Ti2O7 epitaxial films on polycrystalline La2Ti2O7 substrates. We conclude that CSE approach opens the way towards unexpected electronic properties in oxide films. [less ▲]

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See detailHigh-throughput synthesis of thermoelectric Ca3Co 4O9 films
Dhanapal, Pravarthana ULiege; Lebedev, O. I.; Hebert, S. et al

in Applied Physics Letters (2013), 103

Properties of complex oxide thin films can be tuned over a range of values as a function of mismatch, composition, orientation, and structure. Here, we report a strategy for growing structured epitaxial ... [more ▼]

Properties of complex oxide thin films can be tuned over a range of values as a function of mismatch, composition, orientation, and structure. Here, we report a strategy for growing structured epitaxial thermoelectric thin films leading to improved Seebeck coefficient. Instead of using single-crystal sapphire substrates to support epitaxial growth, Ca3Co 4O9 films are deposited, using the Pulsed Laser Deposition technique, onto Al2O3 polycrystalline substrates textured by spark plasma sintering. The structural quality of the 2000 Å thin film was investigated by transmission electron microscopy, while the crystallographic orientation of the grains and the epitaxial relationships were determined by electron backscatter diffraction. The use of a polycrystalline ceramic template leads to structured films that are in good local epitaxial registry. The Seebeck coefficient is about 170 μV/K at 300 K, a typical value of misfit material with low carrier density. This high-throughput process, called combinatorial substrate epitaxy, appears to facilitate the rational tuning of functional oxide films, opening a route to the epitaxial synthesis of high quality complex oxides. © 2013 AIP Publishing LLC. [less ▲]

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See detailHigh-urgency kidney transplantation in the Eurotransplant Kidney Allocation System: success or waste of organs? The Eurotransplant 15-year all-centre survey.
Assfalg, Volker; Huser, Norbert; van Meel, Marieke et al

in Nephrology, dialysis, transplantation : official publication of the European Dialysis and Transplant Association - European Renal Association (2016)

BACKGROUND: In the Eurotransplant Kidney Allocation System (ETKAS), transplant candidates can be considered for high-urgency (HU) status in case of life-threatening inability to undergo renal replacement ... [more ▼]

BACKGROUND: In the Eurotransplant Kidney Allocation System (ETKAS), transplant candidates can be considered for high-urgency (HU) status in case of life-threatening inability to undergo renal replacement therapy. Data on the outcomes of HU transplantation are sparse and the benefit is controversial. METHODS: We systematically analysed data from 898 ET HU kidney transplant recipients from 61 transplant centres between 1996 and 2010 and investigated the 5-year patient and graft outcomes and differences between relevant subgroups. RESULTS: Kidney recipients with an HU status were younger (median 43 versus 55 years) and spent less time on the waiting list compared with non-HU recipients (34 versus 54 months). They received grafts with significantly more mismatches (mean 3.79 versus 2.42; P < 0.001) and the percentage of retransplantations was remarkably higher (37.5 versus 16.7%). Patient survival (P = 0.0053) and death with a functioning graft (DwFG; P < 0.0001) after HU transplantation were significantly worse than in non-HU recipients, whereas graft outcome was comparable (P = 0.094). Analysis according to the different HU indications revealed that recipients listed HU because of an imminent lack of access for dialysis had a significantly worse patient survival (P = 0.0053) and DwFG (P = 0.0462) compared with recipients with psychological problems and suicidality because of dialysis. In addition, retransplantation had a negative impact on patient and graft outcome. CONCLUSIONS: Facing organ shortages, increasing wait times and considerable mortality on dialysis, we question the current policy of HU allocation and propose more restrictive criteria with regard to individuals with vascular complications or repeated retransplantations in order to support patients on the non-HU waiting list with a much better long-term prognosis. [less ▲]

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See detailHigh-volume versus standard-volume haemofiltration for septic shock patients with acute kidney injury (IVOIRE study): a multicentre randomized controlled trial
JOANNES-BOYAU, Olivier; HONORE, Patrick; PEREZ, Paul et al

in Intensive Care Medicine (2013), 39(9), 1535-1546

PURPOSE : Septic shock is a leading cause of death among critically ill patients, in particular when complicated by acute kidney injury (AKI). Small experimental and human clinical studies have suggested ... [more ▼]

PURPOSE : Septic shock is a leading cause of death among critically ill patients, in particular when complicated by acute kidney injury (AKI). Small experimental and human clinical studies have suggested that high-volume haemofiltration (HVHF) may improve haemodynamic profile and mortality. We sought to determine the impact of HVHF on 28-day mortality in critically ill patients with septic shock and AKI. METHODS: This was a prospective, randomized, open, multicentre clinical trial conducted at 18 intensive care units in France, Belgium and the Netherlands. A total of 140 critically ill patients with septic shock and AKI for less than 24 h were enrolled from October 2005 through March 2010. Patients were randomized to either HVHF at 70 mL/kg/h or standard-volume haemofiltration (SVHF) at 35 mL/kg/h, for a 96-h period. RESULTS: Primary endpoint was 28-day mortality. The trial was stopped prematurely after enrolment of 140 patients because of slow patient accrual and resources no longer being available. A total of 137 patients were analysed (two withdrew consent, one was excluded); 66 patients in the HVHF group and 71 in the SVHF group. Mortality at 28 days was lower than expected but not different between groups (HVHF 37.9 % vs. SVHF 40.8 %, log-rank test p = 0.94). There were no statistically significant differences in any of the secondary endpoints between treatment groups. CONCLUSIONS: In the IVOIRE trial, there was no evidence that HVHF at 70 mL/kg/h, when compared with contemporary SVHF at 35 mL/kg/h, leads to a reduction of 28-day mortality or contributes to early improvements in haemodynamic profile or organ function. HVHF, as applied in this trial, cannot be recommended for treatment of septic shock complicated by AKI. [less ▲]

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See detailHigh-yield radiosynthesis and preliminary in vivo evaluation of p-[18F]MPPF, a fluoro analog of WAY-100635.
Le Bars, Didier; Lemaire, Christian ULiege; Ginovart, N. et al

in Nuclear Medicine & Biology (1998), 25(4), 343-50

No-carrier-added 4-[18F]fluoro-N-[2-[1-(2-methoxyphenyl)-1 piperazinyl]ethyl-N-2-pyridinyl-benzamide (p-[18F]MPPF) was synthesized by nucleophilic substitution of the corresponding nitro compound in the ... [more ▼]

No-carrier-added 4-[18F]fluoro-N-[2-[1-(2-methoxyphenyl)-1 piperazinyl]ethyl-N-2-pyridinyl-benzamide (p-[18F]MPPF) was synthesized by nucleophilic substitution of the corresponding nitro compound in the presence of Kryptofix 222 and K2CO3 by microwave heating (3 min, 500 W) using a remotely controlled radiosynthesis. Baseline separation of p-[18F]MPPF from the nitro derivative was performed on a semipreparative HPLC C18 column. After Sep-Pak formulation, the radiopharmaceutical was obtained with a radiochemical yield of 25% (EOS) in about 70 min. Specific radioactivity averaged between 1-5 Ci/micromol EOS. Labelling of the ortho and meta derivatives was also attempted. Brain uptake of p-[18F]MPPF was studied with PET on fluothane-anesthetized cats. Following intravenous injection of p-[18F]MPPF, high accumulation of radioactivity was observed in the hippocampus and cerebral cortex. Low levels of radioactivity were observed in cerebellum. At 30 min, the mean hippocampus/cerebellum and cortex/cerebellum ratios were 5 and 3.8, respectively. The accumulation of the tracer was blocked by prior administration of reference WAY-100635, demonstrating the specificity of the ligand. [less ▲]

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See detailHigh-Yield Synthesis of a (3H)Ethylenediamine Ditetrodotoxin Derivative
Bontemps, José; Cantineau, Robert; Grandfils, Christian ULiege et al

in Analytical Biochemistry (1984), 139

Detailed reference viewed: 16 (3 ULiège)