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See detailMethodologies for Measurement of Dioxins in Food
Focant, Jean-François ULg; Eppe, Gauthier ULg; Scippo, Marie-Louise ULg et al

in van Peteghem; de Saeger; Daeseleire (Eds.) Platform for Scientific Concertation: Food Safety (2007)

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See detailMethodologies for the transfer of analytical methods: A review.
Rozet, Eric ULg; Dewé, Walthère ULg; Ziemons, Eric ULg et al

in Journal of Chromatography. B : Analytical Technologies in the Biomedical & Life Sciences (2009), 877

The transfer of a method from a laboratory to a production site is an important step in the development cycle of new pharmaceutical products. Method transfers are increasingly implemented due to the ... [more ▼]

The transfer of a method from a laboratory to a production site is an important step in the development cycle of new pharmaceutical products. Method transfers are increasingly implemented due to the economical pressure coming from the rationalization of production sites, analytical subcontracting and fusion of pharmaceutical groups. However, no official guidance regarding study design, data analysis, or decision procedures is present neither in FDA documents nor in ICH documents for method transfers. The experiments performed in such a transfer and the methodology used to accept or reject it should be fitted for purpose. In order to provide to analysts a global view of the problematic of analytical method transfer, this paper reviews the documentation available in the scientific literature about the design of transfer studies and the required sample size. Special focus is also made on the statistical methodologies available for decision making with particular emphasis on risk management. Examples of transfer of pharmaceutical, bio-pharmaceutical and biological methods published in the literature are reviewed in order to illustrate the various possibilities among the strategies for methods transfer. [less ▲]

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See detailMethodology and setup of the adopted groundwater vulnerability assessment method
Beaujean, Jean ULg; Lemieux, Jean-Michel; Brouyère, Serge ULg

Scientific conference (2010, February 04)

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See detailMethodology for data acquisition, storage and treatment
Aubinet, Marc ULg; Clément, R.; Elbers, J. A. et al

in Valentini, R. (Ed.) Fluxes of Carbon, Water and Energy of European Forests (2003)

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See detailA methodology for elicitor screening of winter wheat infected by STB and FHB
Le Mire, Géraldine ULg; SIAH, Ali; Deleu, Magali ULg et al

Poster (2014, May 20)

Un doctorat au sein de Gembloux Agro Bio-Tech (Plateforme Agriculture Is Life) vise à développer une méthode à base d'éliciteurs bio-sourcés pour protéger le blé d'hivers contre la Septoriose (STB) et la ... [more ▼]

Un doctorat au sein de Gembloux Agro Bio-Tech (Plateforme Agriculture Is Life) vise à développer une méthode à base d'éliciteurs bio-sourcés pour protéger le blé d'hivers contre la Septoriose (STB) et la Fusariose (FHB). Dans ce cadre, la mise au point d'un protocole efficace d'infection du blé est élémentaire avant de pouvoir entamer les tests de screening d'éliciteurs. Nous présentons ici une méthode d'infection du blé par Septoria tritici et les résultats de ces tests de reproduction de symptômes. [less ▲]

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See detailMethodology For Food Subsector Modernization - The Case Of Meat Production In Belgium
Lebailly, Philippe ULg; Burny, Philippe ULg

in Revue de l’Agriculture = Landbouwtijdschrift (1989), 42(5), 1177-1186

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See detailMethodology for food subsector modernization : the case of meat production in Belgium
Lebailly, Philippe ULg; Burny, Philippe ULg

in Revue de l’Agriculture = Landbouwtijdschrift (1989), 42(5), 1177-1186

ln this paper, the authors present a methodology likely to explain and quantify the factors contributing to the dynamics of a particularly impenetrable subsector in Belgium : the butcher's meat. The ... [more ▼]

ln this paper, the authors present a methodology likely to explain and quantify the factors contributing to the dynamics of a particularly impenetrable subsector in Belgium : the butcher's meat. The results obtained can help the decision-makers to take measures in order to realize the restructuring of the Belgian slaughterhouses network. On a long-term basis it is possible to define a policy in order to stimulate some agro-alimentary activities by acting, not only on the slaughterhouses, but also, simultaneously, on all the deficient up- and downstream elements. [less ▲]

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See detailA methodology for image segmentation based on the spectral content of regions
Van Droogenbroeck, Marc ULg

in Workshop on Nonlinear Signal and Image Processing, Proceedings (1995, June)

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See detailMethodology for Integrating and Analyzing Environmental and Urban Data in 3D GIS
Pham, T.; Musy, M.; Siret, D. et al

in Proc. of 10th AGILE International Conference on Geographic Information Science (2007)

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See detailMethodology for optimization of operation to reduce site-scale energy use in production plants
Heyen, Georges ULg; Kalitventzeff, Boris ULg

in Applied Thermal Engineering (1997), 17(8-10), 1005-1014

A methodology was developed to improve energy usage in the process industries by optimizing plant operation. The first step was to build fine tuned site-scale models of energy intensive production plants ... [more ▼]

A methodology was developed to improve energy usage in the process industries by optimizing plant operation. The first step was to build fine tuned site-scale models of energy intensive production plants and of combined heat and power utility distribution networks (heat, power, cooling), and later to optimize them using various numerical techniques. The methodology not only comprises these models, but also the selected optimization methods, their implementation in algorithms suited for the problems to be solved and the evaluation of the results in terms of their applicability ia real industrial problems. The detailed models were tuned on the basis of actual plant data. They were used to calculate accurate energy balances, and thus to identify sources of energy waste. Finally they allowed optimization of energy usage by adjusting operating conditions at a medium time scale (a few hours to a couple of days). Energy savings in the range 5%-10% could be obtained for energy intensive processes, where even a low percentage represents a considerable amount. (C) European Communities 1997. Published by Elsevier Science Ltd. [less ▲]

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See detailA Methodology for Sampling Design dedicated to the Evaluation of Effects of Soil Type and Land Use on the Fate of Metallic Trace Elements in Contaminated Soils
Liénard, Amandine ULg; Bock, Laurent ULg; Colinet, Gilles ULg

Poster (2011, July 04)

Contaminated soils may present a risk to human health and the environment. The aim of this study is to evaluate the fate of metallic trace elements (Cd, Pb and Zn) brought to soils from atmospheric ... [more ▼]

Contaminated soils may present a risk to human health and the environment. The aim of this study is to evaluate the fate of metallic trace elements (Cd, Pb and Zn) brought to soils from atmospheric fallouts according to soil type and land use. We have developed a sampling soil strategy in order to both map soil contaminations and assess the effects of soils and land use on the mobility of MTE. [less ▲]

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See detailA Methodology for The Appropriation And The Isolation of Nodal Diameter Modes in Cyclic Symmetric Structures
Nyssen, Florence ULg; Viguié, Régis; Simon, Daniel et al

in Proceedings of ASME 2013 International Design Engineering Technical Conference & Computers and Information in Engineering Conference IDETC/CIE 2013 (2013, August)

This paper presents a methodology enabling the appropriation and the isolation of a chosen nodal diameter modes in cyclic symmetric structures. In particular, a study about the minimum number and the ... [more ▼]

This paper presents a methodology enabling the appropriation and the isolation of a chosen nodal diameter modes in cyclic symmetric structures. In particular, a study about the minimum number and the optimized location of the excitation sources required in laboratory conditions to isolate a specific nodal diameter mode is conducted. This work includes a theoretical approach based on energy concepts. It is followed by the numerical and experimental validations on a stator stage of an axial compressor. The concept of modal appropriation is investigated here as the first step of the calibration procedure before engine tests. [less ▲]

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See detailA METHODOLOGY FOR THE CALCULATION OF POLLUTANT LOADS IN AN ESTUARY - APPLICATION TO THE WESTERN ESCAUT ESTUARY
Ronday, François ULg; Mouchet, Anne ULg

in Nival, P; Saliot, A (Eds.) FATE OF CHEMICAL POLLUTANTS (1992)

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See detailMethodology for the characterization of the microstructure of nanocomposite polymeric foams using X-ray microtomography
Plougonven, Erwan ULg; Marchot, Pierre ULg; Detrembleur, Christophe ULg et al

in Micro-CT User Meeting Abstract Book (2011, April 13)

Polymeric foams used in electromagnetic shielding applications are characterized using X-ray microtomography. These foams contain a conductive nanometric reinforcement, carbon nanotubes, but the scale of ... [more ▼]

Polymeric foams used in electromagnetic shielding applications are characterized using X-ray microtomography. These foams contain a conductive nanometric reinforcement, carbon nanotubes, but the scale of characterization described here is that of the microscopic cells. Although nanotube dispersion is important for the final properties of the material, the structure and distribution of the porosity also play a role in terms of dielectric constant and conductivity. Unfortunately, cell wall thinness and limited resolution of laboratory microtomographs makes poper cell identification difficult. Therefore we present a new statistical method based on the 3D autocorrelation function, that allows to some extent to measure mean cell size and structure anisotropy. [less ▲]

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See detailMethodology for the development of a transportation plan
Marchal, Jean ULg

Learning material (1995)

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See detailMethodology for the development of a transportation plan.
Marchal, Jean ULg

Learning material (1994)

Detailed reference viewed: 5 (1 ULg)
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See detailMethodology for the elaboration of Natura 2000 sites designation acts in Wallon egion (Belgium): calcareous grasslands in the Lesse and Lomme area.
Bottin, G.; Etienne, M.; Verté, P. et al

in Biotechnologie, Agronomie, Société et Environnement = Biotechnology, Agronomy, Society and Environment [=BASE] (2005), 9

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See detailMethodology for the Validation of Analytical Methods involved in Uniformity of Dosage Units tests
Rozet, Eric ULg; Ziemons, Eric ULg; Marini Djang'Eing'A, Roland ULg et al

in Analytica Chimica Acta (2013), 760

Validation of analytical methods is required prior to their routine use. In addition, the current implementation of the Quality by Design (QbD) framework in the pharmaceutical industries aims at improving ... [more ▼]

Validation of analytical methods is required prior to their routine use. In addition, the current implementation of the Quality by Design (QbD) framework in the pharmaceutical industries aims at improving the quality of the end products starting from its early design stage. However, no regulatory guideline or none of the published methodologies to assess method validation propose decision methodologies that effectively take into account the final purpose of developed analytical methods. In this work a solution is proposed for the specific case of validating analytical methods involved in the assessment of the Content Uniformity or Uniformity of Dosage Units of a batch of pharmaceutical drug products as proposed in the European or US pharmacopoeias. This methodology uses statistical tolerance intervals as decision tools. Moreover it adequately defines the Analytical Target Profile of analytical methods in order to obtain analytical methods that allow to make correct decisions about Content Uniformity or Uniformity of Dosage Units with high probability. The applicability of the proposed methodology is further illustrated using an HPLC-UV assay as well as a Near Infra-Red Spectrophotometric method. [less ▲]

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