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Peer Reviewed
See detailInterpretation of behavioural reactions of sheep towards fear-eliciting situations.
Vandenheede, Marc ULg; Bouissou, Marie-France; Picard, M.

in Applied Animal Behaviour Science (1998), 58

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See detailInterpretation of metaanalyses: pitfalls should be more widely recognized.
Henrotin, Yves ULg

in Journal of Rheumatology (2012), 39(6), 1107-9

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See detailInterpretation of serum parathyroid hormone concentrations in dialysis patients: what do the KDIGO guidelines change for the clinical laboratory?
Souberbielle, Jean-Claude; Cavalier, Etienne ULg; Jean, Guillaume

in Clinical Chemistry & Laboratory Medicine (2010), 48(6), 769-774

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See detailInterpretation of serum PTH concentrations with different kits in dialysis patients according to the KDIGO guidelines: importance of the reference (normal) values
CAVALIER, Etienne ULg; DELANAYE, Pierre ULg; VRANKEN, Laura ULg et al

in Nephrology Dialysis Transplantation (2012), 27

Background. The recommended target range for serum parathyroid hormone (PTH) in dialysis patients has changed from 150 to 300 pg/mL in the KDOQI guidelines to two to nine times the upper normal limit in ... [more ▼]

Background. The recommended target range for serum parathyroid hormone (PTH) in dialysis patients has changed from 150 to 300 pg/mL in the KDOQI guidelines to two to nine times the upper normal limit in the KDIGO ones. Although inclusion/exclusion criteria for the reference population are highly important, they are usually not mentioned in the commercial kits. In this study, we used the same reference population of vitamin D-replete normal subjects to establish reference values for 10 commercial PTH kits. We evaluated whether this may improve the classification of dialysis patients according to the KDIGO compared to the use of reference values proposed by the manufacturers. Methods. We measured serum PTH with 10 different kits in 149 haemodialysis patients, and 240 25-OH-vitamin D-replete (>75 nmol/L) individuals with an estimated glomerular filtration rate >60 mL/min/1.73 m2. Results. For the 10 kits, our upper normal limit was lower than those of the manufacturers. The difference was, however, variable from one kit to another. The two kits that yielded the lowest and the highest absolute concentrations classified differently 84/149 patients (56.4%) according to the KDOQI and 53/149 (36.2%) according to the KDIGO using the manufacturers’ normal value.Using our normal values significantly decreased the discrepancies with 24/149 patients (16.1%) being still classified differently. Taking the measurement uncertainty into consideration, 8% of the patients only remained differently classified by these two kits. Conclusions. Using the same vitamin-D-replete population to establish the reference range for 10 commercial PTH kits significantly improved the classification of haemodialysis patients according to the KDIGO target range. [less ▲]

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See detailInterpretation of the ground-based data of the main target β Cephei star HD 180642
Briquet, Maryline ULg

Diverse speeche and writing (2008)

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See detailThe interpretation of the spectrum of HD 190073.
Struve, Otto; Swings, Polydore ULg

in Astrophysical Journal (1942), 96

The hypothesis proposed by Beals for the interpretation of the complex contours of lines of H and Ca II in HD 190073 is discussed in the light of recent observations made at the McDonald Observatory. The ... [more ▼]

The hypothesis proposed by Beals for the interpretation of the complex contours of lines of H and Ca II in HD 190073 is discussed in the light of recent observations made at the McDonald Observatory. The absorption lines designated by Beals as A2 and A3 and the emission of Ca II and H probably originate in a shell whose radius is several times larger than the radius of the star. The absence of A1 near the center of the emission in Ca II H suggests that this sharp line is produced at a lower level, where the velocity of expansion is negligible. The central reversals of the H lines, on the other hand, may come from an upper layer of the shell where the atoms have become decelerated. In this case the absorbing layer must lie immediately above an optically thick emitting shell, so that it will act somewhat like a reversing layer and not like a detached shell at great distances from the emitting regions. [less ▲]

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See detailL'interprétation réaliste des jugements existentiels de Conrad-Martius
Seron, Denis ULg

Conference (2012, April 06)

Hedwig Conrad-Martius a développé, dans les années 1930, une conception en grande partie originale du jugement existentiel, dans la perspective d’une ontologie d’allure aristotélicienne. L’idée à la base ... [more ▼]

Hedwig Conrad-Martius a développé, dans les années 1930, une conception en grande partie originale du jugement existentiel, dans la perspective d’une ontologie d’allure aristotélicienne. L’idée à la base de cette conception est que l’être existentiel et l’être copule sont unis par une relation d’analogie, et que celle-ci doit servir de principe directeur pour la clarification des « sens de l’être ». Cette idée a conduit Conrad-Martius à élaborer une théorie assez sophistiquée de l’« être immanent à l‘état de choses », ainsi qu’une conception réaliste suivant laquelle le prédicat existentiel exprime une propriété de premier degré, qui doit être mise au jour par l’intuition des essences. On s’attachera non seulement à détailler son analyse du jugement existentiel, en remontant à ses sources chez Reinach, Pfänder et, indirectement, chez Meinong, mais aussi à en clarifier quelques implications métaphysiques. [less ▲]

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See detailInterprétation simultanée de l'interview de l'écrivain chilien Luis Sepúlveda
Taormina, Alizé ULg

Conference given outside the academic context (2011)

Detailed reference viewed: 24 (1 ULg)
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See detailINTERPRETATIONS COLLABORATIVES : Usages et implications du Studio Digital Collaboratif en situation de conception architecturale
Lecourtois, Caroline; Ben Rajeb, Samia ULg; Guena, François et al

in Actes de SCAN 2010 : Séminaire de Conception Architecturale Numérique (2010, December)

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See detailInterpretations of Polar Bear (Ursus maritimus) Tracks by Inuit Hunters: Inter-rater Reliability and Inferences Concerning Accuracy
Wong, Pamela; Van Coeverden de Groot, Peter; Fekken, Cynthia et al

in Canadian Field-Naturalist (2011), 125(2), 140-153

due to their tracking experience in pursuing Polar Bears (Ursus maritimus), Inuit hunters could provide non-invasive estimates of Polar Bear characteristics from tracks, and Polar Bear monitoring programs ... [more ▼]

due to their tracking experience in pursuing Polar Bears (Ursus maritimus), Inuit hunters could provide non-invasive estimates of Polar Bear characteristics from tracks, and Polar Bear monitoring programs could benefit from Inuit input. We determined i) inter-rater reliability of estimates of the sex, age, and size of Polar Bears, and estimates of the age of tracks made by a group of nine Inuit hunters who interpreted 78 tracks; ii) we made preliminary comparisons of sex and size estimates with conventional (scientific) estimates; iii) we catalogued the Polar Bear hunting experience and track interpretation techniques of nine Inuit hunters; and iv) we explored relationships between hunting experience and the ability to interpret tracks. The group of Inuit hunters made reliable and consistent estimates of Polar Bear sex, age, and size, as well as estimates of age of track (after data from one participant was excluded). Although our comparisons are based on small samples, our findings suggest that Inuit hunters may be accurate in estimating the sex of Polar Bears (74.42% agreement with genetic determinations) and the size of Polar Bears from their tracks. our data indicate shared tracking techniques used by hunters may explain high agreement in making specific estimates, while individual hunting experience and particular methods used to interpret tracks may lead to inter-rater reliability and accuracy in interpreting tracks. [less ▲]

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See detailInterpreted Active Packets for Ephemeral State Processing Routers
Martin, Sylvain ULg; Leduc, Guy ULg

in Lecture Notes in Computer Science (2009), 4388

We propose WASP (lightweight and World-friendly Active packets for ephemeral State Processing), a new active platform based on Ephemeral State designed to allow bytecode interpretation on programmable ... [more ▼]

We propose WASP (lightweight and World-friendly Active packets for ephemeral State Processing), a new active platform based on Ephemeral State designed to allow bytecode interpretation on programmable datapath elements. We designed WASP to be a good compromise between flexibility (e.g. offering solutions in quality-adaptive multimedia flows, service discovery or mobility support) and safety (i.e. protection of router and network resource). [less ▲]

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See detailInterpréter Babel : Simon, Leclerc, Basnage
Droixhe, Daniel ULg

in Beiträge zur Geschichte der Sprachwissenschaft (1992), 2

Detailed reference viewed: 47 (2 ULg)
See detailInterpréter et retraduire une question commanditée. Normalisation des publics cibles et dispositifs d’aides publiques
Massart, Clémence ULg

in Brunet, Sébastien (Ed.) La participation à l’épreuve (2013)

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See detailInterpréter la bande dessinée selon ses genres
Badir, Sémir ULg

in Badir, Sémir; Ablali, Driss; Ducard, Dominique (Eds.) En tous genres. Normes, textes, médiations (2015)

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See detailInterpréter, rectifier ou compléter une sentence arbitral: incidence sur la procédure du recours en annulation
Caprasse, Olivier ULg

in Revue de la Faculté de Droit de l'Université de Liège (2006)

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See detailInterpreting canopy development and physiology using a European phenology camera network at flux sites
Wingate, L.; Ogée, J.; Cremonese, E. et al

in Biogeosciences (2015), 12(10), 5995-6015

Plant phenological development is orchestrated through subtle changes in photoperiod, temperature, soil moisture and nutrient availability. Presently, the exact timing of plant development stages and ... [more ▼]

Plant phenological development is orchestrated through subtle changes in photoperiod, temperature, soil moisture and nutrient availability. Presently, the exact timing of plant development stages and their response to climate and management practices are crudely represented in land surface models. As visual observations of phenology are laborious, there is a need to supplement long-term observations with automated techniques such as those provided by digital repeat photography at high temporal and spatial resolution. We present the first synthesis from a growing observational network of digital cameras installed on towers across Europe above deciduous and evergreen forests, grasslands and croplands, where vegetation and atmosphere CO2 fluxes are measured continuously. Using colour indices from digital images and using piecewise regression analysis of time series, we explored whether key changes in canopy phenology could be detected automatically across different land use types in the network. The piecewise regression approach could capture the start and end of the growing season, in addition to identifying striking changes in colour signals caused by flowering and management practices such as mowing. Exploring the dates of green-up and senescence of deciduous forests extracted by the piecewise regression approach against dates estimated from visual observations, we found that these phenological events could be detected adequately (RMSE < 8 and 11 days for leaf out and leaf fall, respectively). We also investigated whether the seasonal patterns of red, green and blue colour fractions derived from digital images could be modelled mechanistically using the PROSAIL model parameterised with information of seasonal changes in canopy leaf area and leaf chlorophyll and carotenoid concentrations. From a model sensitivity analysis we found that variations in colour fractions, and in particular the late spring `green hump' observed repeatedly in deciduous broadleaf canopies across the network, are essentially dominated by changes in the respective pigment concentrations. Using the model we were able to explain why this spring maximum in green signal is often observed out of phase with the maximum period of canopy photosynthesis in ecosystems across Europe. Coupling such quasi-continuous digital records of canopy colours with co-located CO2 flux measurements will improve our understanding of how changes in growing season length are likely to shape the capacity of European ecosystems to sequester CO2 in the future. [less ▲]

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See detailInterpreting equine thoracic radiographs: a guide to systematic evaluation and pulmonary patterns
Busoni, Valeria ULg

in XIV SIVE / FEEVA Congress Proceedings (2008)

Detailed reference viewed: 40 (2 ULg)