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See detailThe history of Belgian assisted reproduction technology cycle registration and control: a case study in reducing the incidence ofmultiple pregnancy
De Neubourg, Diane; Bogaerts, Kris; Wyns, Christine et al

in Human Reproduction (2013), 28(10), 27092719

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See detailThe history of Belgian bird ringing and its potential for monitoring and migration research.
Loneux, Michèle ULg; Vangeluwe, Didier

in ANSELIN, Anny (Ed.) Bird Numbers 2010. Monitoring, indicators and targets. Proceedings the 18th Conference of the European Bird Census Council, Cáceres, Spain (partim). Bird Census News 23/1-2. (2010)

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See detailThe History of double taxation conventions in Belgium
Richelle, Isabelle ULg; Traversa, Edoardo; Gombeer, Jacques

in Docclo, Caroline (Ed.) ALABASTER 1938-2013 (2013)

Conformément à la tradition du Groupement, les matières les plus diverses qui intéressent les fiscalistes sont traitées et sont l'illustration de l'esprit du groupement belge. Questions pointues ... [more ▼]

Conformément à la tradition du Groupement, les matières les plus diverses qui intéressent les fiscalistes sont traitées et sont l'illustration de l'esprit du groupement belge. Questions pointues, réflexions, précieux documents pour les scientifiques et les praticiens. [less ▲]

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See detailA history of early copper exploration in Katanga (D.R. Congo)
Pirard, Eric ULg

in Proceedings INHIGEO 2010 (2010, July)

The latest archeological findings suggest that malachite outcrops have been mined as early as the Vth century A.C. in Garangaze a province known nowadays as Katanga [1]. The pre-Bayeke tribes used to ... [more ▼]

The latest archeological findings suggest that malachite outcrops have been mined as early as the Vth century A.C. in Garangaze a province known nowadays as Katanga [1]. The pre-Bayeke tribes used to seasonally mine these outcrops and cast copper hansas (crosses) that were used as exchange goods and have been found all over the African continent even reaching Europe as early as the XVIth century through trade with the Portuguese and the Dutch Oud West Indisch Compagnie. The first explicit mention of copper in European texts is said to date back to March 22nd 1798 in a report made by pombeiros (afro-portuguese metis) to the hence governor of Rios de Sena (Mozambique) Francesco Jose Maria Lacerda [2]. Katanga has long remained as the most inaccessible region of the African continent. Despite attempts made by Livingstone until his death in 1873, by Cameron in 1874 and by Thomson in 1878, it was considered to remain for long out of reach [less ▲]

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See detailHistory of educational research
de Landsheere, Gilbert ULg

in Husen, Torsten; Postlethwaite, T. Neville (Eds.) International Encyclopedia of Education. Vol. 3 (1985)

Like medicine, education is an art. That is why advances in research do not produce a science of education, in the positivist meaning of the term, but yield increasingly powerful scientific foundations ... [more ▼]

Like medicine, education is an art. That is why advances in research do not produce a science of education, in the positivist meaning of the term, but yield increasingly powerful scientific foundations for practice and decision making. In this perspective, it can be said thal from 1900 to 1980, educational research bas gathered a surprisingly large body of knowledge containing valuable observations and conclusions. [less ▲]

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See detailHistory of English Literature, Part I
Delrez, Marc ULg; Michel-Michot, Paulette ULg; Pagnoulle, Christine ULg

Learning material (2011)

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See detailHistory of English Literature, Part II
Delrez, Marc ULg; Michel-Michot, Paulette ULg; Pagnoulle, Christine ULg

Learning material (2013)

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See detailThe history of global weathering and the chemical evolution of the ocean-atmosphere system
François, Louis ULg; Walker, J. C. G.; Opdyke, B. N.

in Takahashi, E.; Jeanloz, R.; Rubie, D. (Eds.) Evolution of the earth and planets (1993)

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See detailThe history of kidney transplantation: Past,Present and Future
SQUIFFLET, Jean-Paul ULg

in Understanding the complexities of kidney transplantation (2011)

The history of kidney transplantation is thought to have originated at the early beginning of the previous century with several attempts of Xenografting, and experimental works on vascular sutures (Küss ... [more ▼]

The history of kidney transplantation is thought to have originated at the early beginning of the previous century with several attempts of Xenografting, and experimental works on vascular sutures (Küss & Bourget, 1992)1. But it really started more than 60 years ago with first attempts of deceased donor transplantation (DCD) and the first successful kidney transplantation of homozygote twins in Boston (Toledo-Pereyra et al, 2008)2. Belgian surgeons contributed to that field of medicine by performing in the early sixties the first ever organ procurement on a brain dead heart beating donor (DBD) (June 1963) (Squifflet, 2003)3. Later on, in the eighties, they published a first series of living unrelated donor (LURD) transplantations, as well as ABO-Incompatible living donor (ABO-Inc LD) transplantations. With the advent of Cyclosporine A, and later other calcineurin inhibitors such as Tacrolimus, with the advent of more potent immunosuppressive drugs (IS), the gap between the number of renal transplant candidates and the number of transplanted recipients was and is continuously increasing in Belgium and most countries. It opened the search for other sources of organs such as donors after cardiac death (DCD) defined with the Maastricht conference and the extended criteria donors (ECD) compared to standard criteria donors (SCD). In Belgium another source of DCD was identified after the promulgation in 2002 of a law on euthanasia. The Belgian example and all its historical measures could help others to fight against organ shortage and its consequences, organ trafficking, commercialization and tourism. [less ▲]

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See detailA history of mass transport complexes related to earthquake shaking: the case of Lake Motosu (Japan).
Lamair, Laura ULg; Hubert, Aurelia ULg; Boes, Evelien et al

Poster (2016, January 27)

The QuakeRecNankai project focuses on geological records of paleoearthquakes along the Nankai-Suruga subduction zone, south central Japan. In the framework of the project, we investigated the Fuji Five ... [more ▼]

The QuakeRecNankai project focuses on geological records of paleoearthquakes along the Nankai-Suruga subduction zone, south central Japan. In the framework of the project, we investigated the Fuji Five Lakes, located at the eastern end of the Nankai-Suruga Trough. Here, we present results from Lake Motosu, the deepest of the Fuji Five Lakes (max. depth 122 m), including seismic reflection profiles and gravity cores. We identify mass transport deposits and turbidites possibly triggered by earthquakes. We study the lake sedimentary architecture and the Holocene sedimentation with a very high resolution GEOPULSE pinger system. A seismic grid with total length of 39 km covered the lake. We identify a specific seismic horizon that may be related to the Aokigaraharamarubi lava flow (864 A.D.). Strong reflectors may also correlate with tephra layers from Oniwa-Okuniwa eruptions (620-790 A.D). In the western part of the lake, the seismic reflection profile reveals a change after the proposed Oniwa-Okuniwa eruptions in terms of volume and length of mass transport deposits. Large mass-transport deposits occurring before the eruptions are characterized by chaotic seismic facies. After the eruptions, the mass-transport deposits are much smaller than previously and characterized by transparent seismic facies attributed to a turbiditic flow. Six gravity cores (max. 90cm) provide samples of the lake bottom sediments. In these cores, turbidites were identified based on facies analyses, combined with X-ray scanning, geophysical properties, grain-size analysis, mineralogy and XRF. An age-depth model was established based on radionuclide dating. We compare the timing of sedimentary events in Lake Motosu with a historical catalogue of natural hazards in the Fuji Five Lakes area, including historical records of megathrust earthquakes rupturing the Nankai subduction zone, the Sagami Trough and other earthquakes occurring along inland faults. Several analyses were performed to understand why we have a change in type of mass transport deposit after the eruptions and to define the minimum shaking intensity required to destabilize the slope. To assess slope stability, we investigated the clay content and the clay mineralogy of the slope. Spatial statistics was also performed in order to evaluate the degree of the slope and the accumulation of sediment. We suggest that the presence of a scoria layer might have contributed to slope destabilization. [less ▲]

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See detailA history of mass transport complexes related to eruptions and earthquake shaking: the case of Lake Motosu (Japan).
Lamair, Laura ULg; Hubert, Aurelia ULg; El Ouahabi, Meriam ULg et al

Conference (2016, March 04)

The QuakeRecNankai project focuses on geological records of paleoearthquakes along the Nankai-Suruga subduction zone, south central Japan. In the framework of the project, we investigated the Fuji Five ... [more ▼]

The QuakeRecNankai project focuses on geological records of paleoearthquakes along the Nankai-Suruga subduction zone, south central Japan. In the framework of the project, we investigated the Fuji Five Lakes, located at the eastern end of the Nankai-Suruga Trough. Here, we present results from Lake Motosu, the deepest of the Fuji Five Lakes (max. depth 122 m), including seismic reflection profiles, gravity cores and preliminary results of 6.8 m long piston core. We identify mass transport deposits and turbidites possibly triggered by earthquakes. We study the lake sedimentary architecture and the Holocene sedimentation with a high resolution GEOPULSE pinger system. A seismic grid with total length of 39 km covered the lake. We identify a specific seismic horizon that may be related to the Aokigaraharamarubi lava flow (864 A.D.). Strong reflectors may also correlate with tephra layers from Oniwa-Okuniwa eruptions (620-790 A.D). In the western part of the lake, the seismic reflection profile reveals a change after the proposed Oniwa-Okuniwa eruptions in terms of volume and length of mass transport deposits. Large mass-transport deposits occurring before the eruptions are characterized by chaotic seismic facies. After the eruptions, the mass-transport deposits are much smaller and are characterized by transparent seismic facies attributed to turbiditic flow. Six gravity cores (max. 90cm long) provide samples of the lake bottom sediments. In these cores, turbidites and megaturbidites were identified based on facies analyses, combined with X-ray scanning, geophysical properties, grain-size analysis, mineralogy and XRF. During the period between the Oniwa-Okuniwa eruptions and the Aokigaraharamarubi lava flow (620-864 A.D), several lava flows occurred in the northern part of Mount Fuji and drastically modified the catchment of Lake Motosu. The decreasing of the size of catchment led to a decreasing of sedimentary yield in the lake. The change in the sedimentation rate could partly explain why we have a change in the type of mass transport deposit. Additionally, analyses were performed to define the minimum shaking intensity required to destabilize the slope. To assess slope stability, we investigated the clay content and the clay mineralogy of samples taken along the slope. In this presentation, we discuss the link between eruptions of Mount Fuji, decreasing of the size of the catchment, sedimentation rate and earthquake shaking. [less ▲]

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See detailThe history of Pancreas Transplantation: Past, Present and Future
Squifflet, Jean-Paul ULg; Gruessner, R.; Sutherland, D.

in Acta Chirurgica Belgica (2008), 108

Abstract. The first attempt to cure type 1 diabetes by pancreas transplantation was done at the University of Minnesota, in Minneapolis, on December 17, 1966, followed by a series of whole pancreas ... [more ▼]

Abstract. The first attempt to cure type 1 diabetes by pancreas transplantation was done at the University of Minnesota, in Minneapolis, on December 17, 1966, followed by a series of whole pancreas transplantation. Due to the lack of potent immunosuppressive drugs, rejections and infections, it was concluded that pancreas was less antigenic than the kidney which was less antigenic than the duodenum. It opened the door to a period, between the mid 70’s to mid 80’s where only segmental pancreatic grafts were used in the recipient. Numerous techniques for diverting or dealing with the pancreas juice secretion were described, none of them being satisfactory. In the late 70’s – early 80’s, three major events happened and boosted the development of pancreas transplantation : firstly the introduction of Cyclosporine A in the clinical field, secondly the organization on March 1980, of the first international meeting on Pancreas Transplantation with the first report of the International Pancreas Transplantation Registry (IPTR) and finally in 1982, the organization of the first informal so-called Spitzingsee meetings where pancreas transplantation successes but mainly failures were discussed which precluded the onset of IPITA (International Pancreas and Islet Transplantation Association), EuroSPK (European Study Group for simultaneous Pancreas and Kidney Transplantation) and EPITA (European Pancreas and Islet Transplantation Association). During one of the Spitzingsee meetings, participants had the idea to renew the urinary drainage technique of the exocrine secretion of the pancreatic graft with segmental graft and eventually with whole pancreaticoduodenal transplant. That was clinically achieved during the mid 80’s and remained the mainstay technique during the next decade. In parallel, the Swedish group developed the whole pancreas transplantation technique with enteric diversion. It was the onset of the whole pancreas reign. The enthusiasm for the technique was rather moderated in its early phase due to the rapid development of liver transplantation and the need for sharing vascular structures between both organs, liver and pancreas. During the modern era of immunosuppression, the whole pancreas transplantation technique with enteric diversion became the gold standard for simultaneous pancreas and kidney transplantation (SPK), with portal drainage of the venous effluent of the pancreas, even for pancreas after kidney (PAK) or pancreas transplantation alone (PTA). Today, there remains room for improvement : safety of using the duodeno-duodenal anastomosis technique must be confirmed by prospective analysis while preventing ischemic reperfusion injuries, using specific drugs ; that must be assessed in new trials. [less ▲]

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See detailThe history of roofs: a cooperation project with partners from differnet european countries
Hoffsummer, Patrick ULg

in Zalewski,, Paul (Ed.) Dachkonstruktionen der Barockzeit in Norddeutschland und im benachbarten Ausland (2009)

Detailed reference viewed: 23 (2 ULg)
See detailA History of Slavery and Emotion in Mary Prince
Romdhani, Rebecca ULg

Conference (2014, April 16)

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See detailHistory of solid organ transplantation at the University of Liege
Lejeune, Georges ULg; Limet, Raymond ULg; Meurisse, Michel ULg et al

in Acta Chirurgica Belgica (2003), 103(3 Sp. Iss. SI), 32-36

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See detailA History of Taste in the Modern Era
Von Hoffmann, Viktoria ULg

in Epikur : Journal für Gastrosophie (2009), 1

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See detailThe History of Taste
Von Hoffmann, Viktoria ULg

Scientific conference (2011, October 20)

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See detailHistory of the Common Agricultural Policy : from the origin to the "mid-term review" in 2003
Burny, Philippe ULg

in Czech Presidency at the EU Council-Preparation & Priorities. Prague, the 28-29th November 2007. Proceedings (2007)

Detailed reference viewed: 61 (2 ULg)
See detailHistory of the Dutch Language (study pack)
Steyaert, Kris ULg

Learning material (2002)

Detailed reference viewed: 46 (2 ULg)