Meeting of Minds: tempête de cerveaux dans un verre d'eau ?
Claisse, Frédéric ; Brunet, Sébastien
in Brunet, Sébastien; Claisse, Frédéric; Fallon, Catherine (Eds.) La participation à l'épreuve (2013)
Dans ce chapitre, Sébastien Brunet et Frédéric Claisse proposent un retour critique sur Meeting of Minds, expérience hors du commun de conférence de citoyens sur les neurosciences, qui aura conjugué les ... [more ▼]
Dans ce chapitre, Sébastien Brunet et Frédéric Claisse proposent un retour critique sur Meeting of Minds, expérience hors du commun de conférence de citoyens sur les neurosciences, qui aura conjugué les efforts de 126 citoyens européens et l’expérience d’une dizaine d’instituts d’évaluation technologique, réunis à l’initiative de la Fondation Roi Baudouin et avec le soutien de la Commission europénne. Processus complexe et multi-dimensionnel, Meeting of Minds s’est finalement moins heurté aux difficultés pratiques et logistiques de la participation à échelle internationale (dans l’ensemble bien anticipées), qu’à ses propres ambivalences et contradictions. En revenant sur un épisode particulièrement emblématique de la deuxième convention européenne qui marquait le point culminant du processus, les auteurs mettent en évidence les tensions qui résultaient, d’une part, de l’ambivalence de l’expertise accordée aux citoyens et, d’autre part, de la focalisation excessive sur une méthodologie participative devenue par moments à elle-même sa propre fin. Le chapitre illustre ainsi les impasses de ce que les auteurs appellent une conception « performative » de la participation, caractérisée par l’indifférence à la production concrète des participants, dont la principale qualité est en réalité d’avoir été performée par le dispositif. Au lieu de servir d’outil d’exploration de controverse et de source d’enrichissement du processus de décision (dont Meeting of Minds était d’ailleurs déconnecté), la conférence de citoyens a paradoxalement fini par faire passer les neurosciences à l’arrière-plan pour ne plus « fabriquer » que du dispositif et de la participation. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 39 (9 ULg)
Meeting of Minds: une délibération de citoyens européens sur les neurosciences
Report (2006)Detailed reference viewed: 30 (1 ULg)
Meeting places for children and parents
Conference (2012, October 15)
Parenting support has been placed on the political agenda in Europe for the last decade (OECD, 2008, 2009 ; Eurofund, 2011). But a close look to the major discourse can reveal that the interest is very ... [more ▼]
Parenting support has been placed on the political agenda in Europe for the last decade (OECD, 2008, 2009 ; Eurofund, 2011). But a close look to the major discourse can reveal that the interest is very often linked to a compensatory vision of a so-called « deficiency » on behalf of some parents (social control). The symposium has proposed to explore the notion of « meeting places for children and parents » : their characteristics, the driven goals, the values shared by professionals . These places where parents can share « hic et nunc » their own experiences and expertise as parents (not in a preventive purpose) are considered as possible ways of questioning the compensatory approach. Characteristics of meeting places as learning communities have been displayed through a presentation of inspiring practices from different contexts: Italy, Flanders and Federation Wallonia-Brussels. Informal social networks among parents and children are an important source of parental support. Meeting places are settings where such informal networks and social cohesion are facilitated among families with diverse backgrounds. The staff (both professionals and volunteers) plays an important role in facilitating the informal contacts between parents and children. Their role as a “host” (instead of being pedagogical experts) demands specific individual competences and systemic conditions. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 4 (0 ULg)
The meeting preparation task: Validation of a new measure of everyday life functioning with persons diagnosed with schizophrenia.
Laloyaux, Julien ; Levaux, Marie-Noëlle ; et al
Poster (2012, June 25)
Objective: The objective was to create a new measure of everyday life functioning by developing a computerized real-life activity task where participants are asked to prepare a room for a meeting ... [more ▼]
Objective: The objective was to create a new measure of everyday life functioning by developing a computerized real-life activity task where participants are asked to prepare a room for a meeting. Background: Difficulties in everyday life activities are core features of persons diagnosed with schizophrenia. However, everyday life functioning is usually evaluated with questionnaires, performance-based or observation assessments, all of which contain a number of limits. Method: Twenty-one individuals diagnosed with schizophrenia and 21 matched healthy controls completed the computerized meeting preparation task. Patients were also evaluated with an extensive cognitive battery and several measures of symptomatology and everyday life functioning. Results: Results showed that performance on the computerized task significantly differentiated patients and controls for a certain number of variables. These variables, summarized in a global score, were significantly correlated with both cognitive and everyday life functioning. Moreover, this composite score significantly predicted 39% of everyday life functioning, whereas a cognitive composite score only predicted 22%. In addition, when the meeting task composite score was combined with symptomatology and the cognitive composite score, these measures significantly predicted up to 73% of everyday life functioning. Conclusion: The findings suggest that the meeting preparation task provides a good indication of the level of everyday life functioning in patients with schizophrenia, and may be viewed as a valuable instrument in both an evaluation and remediation context. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 66 (13 ULg)
Meeting report ESC forum on drug eluting stents, European Heart House, Nice, 27-28 September 2007.
; ; et al
in EuroIntervention : journal of EuroPCR in collaboration with the Working Group on Interventional Cardiology of the European Society of Cardiology (2009), 4(4), 427-36Detailed reference viewed: 5 (0 ULg)
Meeting report. Topics in ecology: structure and function of plants and ecosystems.
in IALE Bulletin (2000), 18(6), 4Detailed reference viewed: 6 (1 ULg)
MEG source localization under multiple constraints: An extended Bayesian framework
; Phillips, Christophe ; et al
in Neuroimage (2006), 30(3), 753-767
To use Electroencephalography (EEG) and Magnetoencephalography (MEG) as functional brain 3D imaging techniques, identifiable distributed source models are required. The reconstruction of EEG/MEG sources ... [more ▼]
To use Electroencephalography (EEG) and Magnetoencephalography (MEG) as functional brain 3D imaging techniques, identifiable distributed source models are required. The reconstruction of EEG/MEG sources rests on inverting these models and is ill-posed because the solution does not depend continuously on the data and there is no unique solution in the absence of prior in formation or constraints. We have described a general framework that can account for several priors in a common inverse solution. An empirical Bayesian framework based on hierarchical linear models was proposed for the analysis of functional neuroimaging data [Friston, K., Penny, W, Phillips, C., Kiebel, S., Hinton, G., Ashburner, J., 2002. Classical and BaN inference in neuroitnaging: theory. Neurolmage 16, 465-483] and was evaluated recently in the context of EEG [Phillips, C., Mattout, J., Rugg, M.D., Maquet, P., Friston, K., 2005. An empirical Bayesian solution to the source reconstruction problem in EEG. Neurolmage 24, 997-1011]. The approach consists of estimating the expected source distribution and its conditional variance that is constrained by an empirically determined mixture of prior variance components. Estimation uses Expectation-Maximization (EM) to give the Restricted Maximum Likelihood (ReML) estimate of the variance components (in terms of hyperparameters) and the Maximum A Posteriori (MAP) estimate of the source parameters. In this paper, we extend the framework to compare different combinations of priors, using a second level of inference based on Bayesian model selection. Using Monte- Carlo simulations, ReML is first compared to a classic Weighted Minimum Norm (WMN) solution under a single constraint. Then, the ReML estimates are evaluated using various combinations of priors. Both standard criterion and ROC-based measures were used to assess localization and detection performance. The empirical Bayes approach proved useful as: (1) ReML was significantly better than WMN for single priors; (2) valid location priors improved ReML source localization; (3) invalid location priors did not significantly impair performance. Finally, we show how model selection, using the log-evidence, can be used to select file best combination of priors. This enables a global strategy for multiple prior-based regularization of the MEG/EEG source reconstruction. (c) 2005 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 13 (2 ULg)
Mega projects in the Arab World: A reading Through Operators of Conception and Engineering
Conference (2012)Detailed reference viewed: 14 (1 ULg)
The Megaprojects in the Arabic World: A Reading through Conception and Engineering Operators
Diverse speeche and writing (2012)Detailed reference viewed: 14 (1 ULg)
Les mégaprojets du Golfe : au-delà de la privatisation de la ville, la place de l’État
Conference (2013)Detailed reference viewed: 16 (1 ULg)
Une mégaspore de grande taille au sommet du Givétien, à Sart-Dames-Avelines.
; Streel, Maurice
in Annales de la Société Géologique de Belgique (1969), 92(1), 47-50Detailed reference viewed: 9 (0 ULg)
The Mehler reaction in Chlamydomonas during photosynthetic induction and steady-state photosynthesis in wild-type and in a mitochondrial mutant
Franck, Fabrice ;
in Allen, J. F.; Gantt, E.; Golbeck, J. H. (Eds.) et al Photosynthesis: Energy from the Sun (2008)
The effects of fast O2-removal on electron transport rate (ETR), measured by chlorophyll fluorescence, were investigated in C. reinhardtii. In wild-type, O2-removal caused a strong decrease in ETR during ... [more ▼]
The effects of fast O2-removal on electron transport rate (ETR), measured by chlorophyll fluorescence, were investigated in C. reinhardtii. In wild-type, O2-removal caused a strong decrease in ETR during photosynthetic induction due to the absence of Mehler reaction. Light-saturation curves of the O2-dependent electron flow were established in different conditions. O2-dependent electron flow was triggered within a few seconds and amounted to up to 80 % of total electron flow during photosynthetic induction in algae grown on minimal medium, while it represented less than 15 % at steady-state. It was significantly weaker in the presence of acetate and in a mutant devoided of mitochondrial complexes I and III. Measurements of the light-induced changes of 820nm transmission in the s time-range show that in wild-type the O2-dependent electron flow leads to complete re-oxidation of PSI donor side in saturating light. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 90 (7 ULg)
The Mehler reaction in Chlamydomonas reinhardtii during photosynthetic induction and steady-state photosynthesis in wild-type and in a mitochondrial mutant
Franck, Fabrice ;
Poster (2007, July)Detailed reference viewed: 9 (1 ULg)
„... mehr als manchem geschmackvoll, notwendig und gerecht erscheinen dürfte“ – Zur Darstellung des Judentums im Werk Arthur Schnitzlers.
in Convivium. Germanistisches Jahrbuch Polen (2002)Detailed reference viewed: 25 (1 ULg)
Une meilleure connaissance scientifique des psychotropes permet-elle un meilleur usage éthique en pédopsychiatrie
Conference given outside the academic context (2008)Detailed reference viewed: 27 (3 ULg)
"Mein Wort ist noch lange kein Bekenntnis". Zur Gesinnungslosigkeit bei Joseph Roth. Eine Interpretation der "Legende vom heiligen Trinker"
in Colloquia Germanica (2006), 39.3-4Detailed reference viewed: 25 (0 ULg)
Meinongian Logics and their limits. The need for two kinds of predicates, two kinds of predications and two kinds of objects
Scientific conference (2012, November 15)Detailed reference viewed: 18 (1 ULg)
Meiofauna and harpacticoid copepods in different habitats of a Mediterranean seagrass meadow
Mascart, Thibaud ; Lepoint, Gilles ;
in Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom (2013), 93(06), 1557-1566
This study investigated whether associated meiobenthic communities, especially harpacticoid copepods differed, amongst habitats. Five pre-defined habitats within and next to the Posidonia oceanica ... [more ▼]
This study investigated whether associated meiobenthic communities, especially harpacticoid copepods differed, amongst habitats. Five pre-defined habitats within and next to the Posidonia oceanica seagrass meadow were sampled: living seagrass canopy leaves (LL), small (SMF) and large (LMF) macrophytodetritus fragments accumulations and sand, bare (BS) and covered (CS). The highest meiofauna abundances were recorded in the BS for the core sampled habitats (BS, CS, SMF and LMF) and in the LMF for seagrass material habitats (SMF, LMF and LL). Harpacticoid copepods were the most abundant taxon in all habitats. The assemblage composition at copepod family level showed two distinct habitats clusters: a leaf (LMF and LL) and a sediment cluster (BS, CS and SMF). Subsequently, stable isotope analyses were conducted to analyse the relationship between copepods and their potential food sources in seagrass material habitats. Based on δ13C isotopic analyses and SIAR mixing model, harpacticoid copepods relied for 70% on epiphytes and for 30% on P. oceanica leaf material in the LMF and LL habitats. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 59 (11 ULg)