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See detailMicrosoft Corp. contre Commission T-167/08, 27 juin 2012
Petit, Nicolas ULg

Scientific conference (2012, November 29)

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See detailLes microsphères d'acide polylactique comme matériels d'embolisation
Flandroy, P; Grandfils, Christian ULg

Conference (1990, May 28)

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See detailMicrospherophakia-Metaphyseal Dysplasia: A 'New' Dominantly Inherited Bone Dysplasia with Severe Eye Involvement
Verloes, Alain ULg; Van Maldergem, Lionel ULg; de Marneffe, Pierre et al

in Journal of Medical Genetics (1990), 27(7), 467-71

We report a father and son affected by a hitherto unpublished bone dysplasia with moderately severe dwarfism. On initial radiographs, thickening of the diaphyses of the long bones was striking. The small ... [more ▼]

We report a father and son affected by a hitherto unpublished bone dysplasia with moderately severe dwarfism. On initial radiographs, thickening of the diaphyses of the long bones was striking. The small bones of the extremities were almost unaffected. With age, the metaphyseal deformation became more prominent. The epiphyses became irregular and their growth was delayed (particularly the femoral heads). The femoral neck showed an unusual 'lip' on the inner edge. Later, the stubby appearance of the long bones faded and, in adulthood, only enlarged metaphyses and deformed femoral necks persisted. The vertebrae showed moderate deformation with irregular flattening, and narrowing of the spinal canal with a shortened interpedicular distance. The eye defects consisted of high grade myopia, microspherophakia, lens coloboma, lens luxation, and retinal detachment. The name 'microspherophakia-metaphyseal dysplasia' is suggested for this probably autosomal dominant bone dysplasia. [less ▲]

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See detailMicrosporidia parasites disrupt the responses to cadmium exposure in a gammarid
Gismondi, Eric ULg; Rigaud, Thierry; Beisel, Jean-Nicolas et al

in Environmental Pollution (2012), 160

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See detailMicrosporidia parasites in Gammarid: a confounding factor in the evaluation of cadmium toxicity
Gismondi, Eric ULg; Rigaud, Thierry; Beisel, Jean-Nicolas et al

Conference (2011)

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See detailMicrosporum canis keratinolytic enzymes as virulence factors
Mignon, Bernard ULg

Conference (2000)

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See detailMicrosporum canis virulence factors and immunogens: first purification and characterization of a 43.5 kDa keratinolytic metalloprotease
Mignon, Bernard ULg; Brouta, F.; Descamps, F. et al

in Veterinary Dermatology (2000), 11(suppl 1), 14-40

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See detailMICROSTRUCTURAL AND PHYSICOCHEMICAL CHARACTERIZATION OF PALYGORSKITE CLAYS FROM MARRAKECH HIGH ATLAS, MOROCCO
El Boudour El Idrissi, Hicham ULg; Knidiri, Abdelouahab; Daoudi, Lahcen et al

Poster (2013, May 09)

The studied palygorskite clay mineral has been collected from several localities of Marrakech High Atlas Tertiary series. These series consist of alternation of marl, dolomite, limestone, gypsum and ... [more ▼]

The studied palygorskite clay mineral has been collected from several localities of Marrakech High Atlas Tertiary series. These series consist of alternation of marl, dolomite, limestone, gypsum and phosphatic beds. Palygorskite currently constitutes more than 90% of the clay fraction of these facies. The aim of this study is to characterise the structure and the physicochemical properties of these fibrous clays. Several technics were performed to characterise these clay sediments: X-ray diffraction (XRD) patterns to study its crystal structure. XRF analysis was performed to study the chemical compositions. Differential thermogravimetric analyses (DTA) were used to study the weight loss due to dehydration and dehydroxylation. The microstructure of these fibrous clays is determined by transmission and scanning electron microscop (TEM/SEM). Physical properties were characterised using the plasticity index of Casagrande, the test for shear strength and the oedometer test. The parameter concerning the adsorption capacity of methylene blue is also determined. The palygorskite clays of the Marrakech High Atlas consist of a silty clay of uniform appearance, greyish in color, and very low organic plastic. The thickness of deposit varies from several meters to several hundred meters. SEM and TEM observations show that palygorskite clay minerals display bundle of long fibres wish occurs as interwoven fibrous mats forming the laminae and as coatings and pore-filling, and pore-bridging cements in dolomite. These fibres are characterized by Mg rich chemical compositions, high crystalline structure, high specific surface area and excellent sorptive capacity. XRD show reflections (110) at 10.5 A, associated with all harmonics. The ATD curves show three endothermic peaks (100-200, 250-300 and 400-500 °C) corresponding to different dehydration process. A fourth exotherm peak often preceded by an endothermic reaction (800-900 °C) reflet the crystallization of new mineral phases including mullite. Palygorskite rich samples exhibit a high plasticity index of about 70. The swelling index generally increases with increasing content of palygorskite. In addition, Palygorskite rich samples exhibit high cohesion and a low friction angle. However, the density of the samples decreases with the increase of the content of palygorskite. [less ▲]

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See detailMicrostructural degeneracy associated with a two-point correlation function and its information content
Gommes, Cédric ULg; Jiao, Yang; Torquato, Salvatore

in Physical Review. E : Statistical, Nonlinear, and Soft Matter Physics (2012), 85

A two-point correlation function provides a crucial yet an incomplete characterization of a microstructure because distinctly differentmicrostructures may have the same correlation function. In an earlier ... [more ▼]

A two-point correlation function provides a crucial yet an incomplete characterization of a microstructure because distinctly differentmicrostructures may have the same correlation function. In an earlier Letter [Gommes, Jiao, and Torquato, Phys. Rev. Lett. 108, 080601 (2012)], we addressed the microstructural degeneracy question: What is the number of microstructures compatible with a specified correlation function? We computed this degeneracy, i.e., configurational entropy, in the framework of reconstruction methods, which enabled us to map the problem to the determination of ground-state degeneracies. Here, we provide a more comprehensive presentation of the methodology and analyses, as well as additional results. Since the configuration space of a reconstruction problem is a hypercube on which a Hamming distance is defined, we can calculate analytically the energy profile of any reconstruction problem, corresponding to the average energy of allmicrostructures at a given Hamming distance from a ground state. The steepness of the energy profile is a measure of the roughness of the energy landscape associated with the reconstruction problem, which can be used as a proxy for the ground-state degeneracy. The relationship between this roughness metric and the ground-state degeneracy is calibrated using a Monte Carlo algorithm for determining the ground-state degeneracy of a variety of microstructures, including realizations of hard disks and Poisson point processes at various densities as well as thosewith known degeneracies (e.g., single disks of various sizes and a particular crystalline microstructure). We show that our results can be expressed in terms of the information content of the two-point correlation functions. From this perspective, the a priori condition for a reconstruction to be accurate is that the information content, expressed in bits, should be comparable to the number of pixels in the unknown microstructure. We provide a formula to calculate the information content of any two-point correlation function, which makes our results broadly applicable to any field in which correlation functions are employed. [less ▲]

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See detailMicrostructural evolution of a TiO2 mesoporous single layer film under calcination: Effect of stabilization and repeated thermal treatments on the film crystallization and surface area
Dewalque, Jennifer ULg; Cloots, Rudi ULg; Dubreuil, Olivier et al

in Thin Solid Films (2012), 520

This study quantifies the highest perturbation encountered by the first layer of a TiO2 12 layers-mesoporous coating, which is submitted to a multistep calcination process. Besides, we propose an ... [more ▼]

This study quantifies the highest perturbation encountered by the first layer of a TiO2 12 layers-mesoporous coating, which is submitted to a multistep calcination process. Besides, we propose an alternative thermal treatment in order to limit the degradation induced by repeated calcinations. This paper reports and compares the modifications in film thickness, surface area, anatase crystallite size and global crystallinity of films obtained from different thermal treatments. It defines the maximum crystal size compatible with the preservation of the mesoarchitecture initially induced by templating. Differences in microporosity and rate of crystallization are also discussed. [less ▲]

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See detailMicrostructural size effects on mechanical properties of high purity nickel
Keller, Clément ULg; Hug, E.; Feaugas, X.

in International Journal of Plasticity (2011), 27

The aim of this article is to provide experimental results in order to understand the microstructural size effects which occur with a decrease in the thickness of polycrystalline nickel samples from 3.2 ... [more ▼]

The aim of this article is to provide experimental results in order to understand the microstructural size effects which occur with a decrease in the thickness of polycrystalline nickel samples from 3.2 mm to 12.5 lm. The influence of the thickness, grain size and ratio thickness to grain size on the mechanical properties and strain hardening were investigated by mechanical tests and TEM observations. The results show the presence of three different domains of mechanical behaviour: polycrystalline, multicrystalline and quasi-single crystalline depending on the thickness and on the number of grains across the thickness. The transition between the three domains is due to the occurrence of surface effects involving a decrease in the long-range internal backstress revealed by the TEM observations. [less ▲]

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See detailMicrostructural study of a zinc-aluminium-copper alloy after thermal treatment at 100°C and creep
Terziev, L.; Lecomte-Beckers, Jacqueline ULg; Wegria, J.

in Zeitschrift für Metallkunde (1994), 85[9]

The creep behaviour of the ternary Zn—A1—Cu alloy after thermal treatment at ioo oc has been studied. The applied creep stress does flot modify clearly the transition phases (OL, T% ‘11m) appearing during ... [more ▼]

The creep behaviour of the ternary Zn—A1—Cu alloy after thermal treatment at ioo oc has been studied. The applied creep stress does flot modify clearly the transition phases (OL, T% ‘11m) appearing during isothermal ageing. During the creep test, the formation of an important density of defects resuits in the precipitation of T’ and O’ particles. The quantity of these phases depends on the creep conditions. [less ▲]

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See detailA Microstructural Study of Doped-LaGaO3 (La0.9Sr0.1Ga0.8Mg0.2O2.85) Produced by an Autocombustion from a Gel-like Precursor
Traina, Karl ULg; Pirard, Jean-Paul; Rulmont, André ULg et al

in Bossel, Ulf (Ed.) Sixth European Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Forum - Proceedings (2004, June)

Polycrystalline dense samples of lanthanum gallate doped with strontium and magnesium (La0.9Sr0.1Ga0.8Mg0.2O2.85 or LSGM) was prepared using a novel gel precursor synthesis method. This consists in ... [more ▼]

Polycrystalline dense samples of lanthanum gallate doped with strontium and magnesium (La0.9Sr0.1Ga0.8Mg0.2O2.85 or LSGM) was prepared using a novel gel precursor synthesis method. This consists in preparing a LSGM precursor from a freeze-dried Agar-Agar gel. After the freeze-drying step, the dry residue is put in an oven at 120°C where autocombustion occurred. The as-produced powders are then calcined. Investigations are made to follow both structural and microstructural evolutions from the dry residue to the end product. The effect of the temperature evolution was examined by thermogravimetric analysis, X-ray diffraction, environmental scanning electron microscopy, and specific surface area analysis. Dilatometric curves and density measurements have been also performed on the sintered products. Advantages of this method are the ability to control size distribution and to obtain high density materials without any milling step thus avoiding any contamination coming from the grinding medium. [less ▲]

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See detailMicrostructural study of high strength rolled Zn-Cu-Ti alloys
Lecomte-Beckers, Jacqueline ULg; Walmag, G.

in Micron and Microscopica Acta (1987), 18(3), 241-242

The aim of the research is to define the microstructure required to obtain the better mechanical resistance after rolling of Zn-Cu-Ti alloys which composition range is 0.78-0.98% (in weight)for Cu and 0 ... [more ▼]

The aim of the research is to define the microstructure required to obtain the better mechanical resistance after rolling of Zn-Cu-Ti alloys which composition range is 0.78-0.98% (in weight)for Cu and 0.12-0.18% (in weight) for Ti. These alloys have been rolled at the VM-AF (Vieille-Montagne - Asturienne France) rolling plant [less ▲]

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See detailMicrostructural study of oxides and carbides used for abrasion properties in high alloyed steels
Lecomte-Beckers, Jacqueline ULg; Magnée, Adrien ULg

in Proceedings of the 8th International Conference on Composites Engineering (2001)

For long applications and for many others, a material with properties between hard metal and high speed steel is necessary. This material should have a high resistance to wear together with good toughness ... [more ▼]

For long applications and for many others, a material with properties between hard metal and high speed steel is necessary. This material should have a high resistance to wear together with good toughness. An attractive solution consists in combining in a composite the properties of a tough ferrous matrix with those of hard reinforced particles. In varying the nature and the proportions of reinforcement and matrix, the properties of the composite can cover many applications. [less ▲]

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See detailMicrostructural study of Zn-11% Al and Zn-27% Al alloys
Lecomte-Beckers, Jacqueline ULg; Terziev, L.; Wegria, J. et al

in Proceedings of the 25th Annual Conference of Metallurgists (1986)

Zinc-aluminium alloys with small amounts of copper and magneisum (ZA alloys) are used in a number of casting processes. They offer the foundry industry a family of zinc alloys with a wide range of ... [more ▼]

Zinc-aluminium alloys with small amounts of copper and magneisum (ZA alloys) are used in a number of casting processes. They offer the foundry industry a family of zinc alloys with a wide range of mechanical properties able to meet a large spectrum of performance criteria. However promising the characteristics of these alloys, microstructural studies of them are incomplete. It has been shown that copper additions to ZA alloys modify the number of the phase existing in the binary zinc-aluminium system as well as their transformation kinetics. Microstructural studies have shown not only the heterogeneity of the microstructure but also the presence of a zinc-rich metastable phase and the evolution of the composition of the ternary phase Zn-Al-Cu (T) during ageing. This situation is not surprising as several studies have shown the existence of metastable phases in the binary system Al-Zn with high aluminium content. the complexity of the microstructure leads us to search further for a better understanding of the binary Zn-Al alloys, with Al contents corresponding to ZA 12 and ZA 27 wihout any Cu and Mg, in order to precise about the complex evolution to stable phases observed in these alloys. [less ▲]

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See detailMicrostructural study of Zn-Al alloy
Terziev, L.; Rashev, P.; Lecomte-Beckers, Jacqueline ULg et al

in Proceedings of The 4th Physics and Chemistry of Solids, School-Symposium Physics of Metals, Polish Academy of Sciences, Institute for Low Temperature and Structure Research (1987)

It is well known that zinc-aluminium alloys posses very good mechanical properties. This is the reason why the investigation of their ageing characteristics is very important for the practice. Several ... [more ▼]

It is well known that zinc-aluminium alloys posses very good mechanical properties. This is the reason why the investigation of their ageing characteristics is very important for the practice. Several solid state reactions between alpha, beta, epsilon and T phases have been established for such materials alloyed with copper, but there has been no detailed on the formation, development and transformation of metastable phases into stable ones. This is exactly the aim of our investigation. [less ▲]

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See detailMicrostructure analyses and thermoelectric properties of Ag1-xPb18Sb1+yTe20
Perlt, S.; Hoeche, Th; Dadda, J. et al

in Journal of Solid State Chemistry (2012), 193(SI), 58-63

This study reports microstructural investigations of long-term annealed 18, x=y=0, hereinafter referred to as AgPb18SbTe20) (Lead-Antimony-Silver-Tellurium, LAST-18) as well as of Ag1-xPb18Sb1+yTe20, i.e ... [more ▼]

This study reports microstructural investigations of long-term annealed 18, x=y=0, hereinafter referred to as AgPb18SbTe20) (Lead-Antimony-Silver-Tellurium, LAST-18) as well as of Ag1-xPb18Sb1+yTe20, i.e. Ag-deficient and Sb-excess LAST-18 (x not equal 0, y not equal 0), respectively. Two different length scales are explored. The micrometer scale was evaluated by SEM to analyze the volume fraction and the number of secondary phases as well as the impact of processing parameters on the homogeneity of bulk samples. For AgPb18SbTe20, site-specific FIB liftout of TEM lamellae from thermoelectrically characterized samples was accomplished to investigate the structure on the nanometer scale. High-resolution TEM and energy-filtered TEM were performed to reveal shape and size distribution of nanoprecipitates, respectively. A hypothesis concerning the structure-property relationship is set out within the frame of a gradient annealing experiment. This study is completed by results dealing with inhomogeneities on the micrometer scale of Ag1-xPb18Sb1+yTe20 and its electronic properties. (C) 2012 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved. [less ▲]

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See detailMicrostructure and abrasion resistance of tool steels reinforced by dispersed oxides and carbides phases
Magnée, Adrien ULg; Lecomte-Beckers, Jacqueline ULg

in Revue de Métallurgie- Journées d'Automne de la Société Française de Métallurgie et de Matériaux (2000)

Two ferrous matrix, a high speed steel and a maraging steel were reinforced with alumina, titanium and vanadium carbides. The composite was realized by powder metallurgy. The particles were mechanically ... [more ▼]

Two ferrous matrix, a high speed steel and a maraging steel were reinforced with alumina, titanium and vanadium carbides. The composite was realized by powder metallurgy. The particles were mechanically mixed with the prealloyed powder before compaction. To optimize the composite properties, the processing parameters (i.e. prealloyed powders, size, mixing, conditions, temperature of sintering,...) and the effect of reinforcement (size and composition of particles, volume, fraction,...) were studied. It is necessary to obtain full density with minimum porosity and to control the size, distribution and dispersion of the reinforced particles. The optimal sintering temperature depends on the reinforcement particles used and is of great importance for the properties. Processing parameters (mixing of particles) can greatly affect the final properties. The use of AL2O3 was shown to increases wear resistance in the two matrix. [less ▲]

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