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See detailHot-Melt Extrusion as a Continuous Manufacturing Process to Form Ternary Cyclodextrin Inclusion Complexes
Thiry, Justine ULg; Krier, Fabrice; Ratwatte, Shenelka et al

in European Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences (2017), 96

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See detailHotelling and international trade
Tharakan, Joseph ULg

in CEDIN (Ed.) Issues in European Economics (1999)

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See detailHotelling's T 2 control chart with double warning lines
Faraz, Alireza ULg; Parsian, Ahmad

in Statistical Papers (2006), 47(4), 569-593

Recent studies have shown that the T 2 control chart with variable sampling intervals (VSI) and/or variable sample sizes (VSS) detects process shitis faster than the traditional T 2 chart. This article ... [more ▼]

Recent studies have shown that the T 2 control chart with variable sampling intervals (VSI) and/or variable sample sizes (VSS) detects process shitis faster than the traditional T 2 chart. This article extends these studies for processes that are monitored with VSI and VSS using double warning lines ( T 2 - DWL ). It is assumed that the length of time the process remains in control has exponential distribution. The properties of T 2- DWL chart are obtained using Markov chains. The results show that the T 2 - DWL chart is quicker than VSI and/or VSS charts in detecting almost all shifts in the process mean. [less ▲]

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See detailHotelling’s T 2 control chart with two adaptive sample sizes
Faraz, Alireza ULg; Moghadam, M. B.

in Quality & Quantity (2009), 43

Some quality control schemes have been developed when several related quality characteristics are to be monitored. The familiar multivariate process monitoring and control procedure is the Hotelling’s T 2 ... [more ▼]

Some quality control schemes have been developed when several related quality characteristics are to be monitored. The familiar multivariate process monitoring and control procedure is the Hotelling’s T 2 control chart for monitoring the mean vector of the process. It is a direct analog of the univariate shewhart ¯ x chart. As in the case of univariate, the ARL improvements are very important particularly for small process shifts. In this paper, we study the T 2 control chart with two-state adaptive sample size, when the shift in the process mean does not occur at the beginning but at some random time in the future. Further, the occurrence time of the shift is assumed to be exponentially distributed random variable. [less ▲]

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See detailHotelling’s T2 control chart with two adaptive sample sizes
Faraz, Alireza ULg; Moghadam, M. B.

in Quality & Quantity (2009), 43(6), 903-913

Some quality control schemes have been developed when several related quality characteristics are to be monitored. The familiar multivariate process monitoring and control procedure is the Hotelling’s T 2 ... [more ▼]

Some quality control schemes have been developed when several related quality characteristics are to be monitored. The familiar multivariate process monitoring and control procedure is the Hotelling’s T 2 control chart for monitoring the mean vector of the process. It is a direct analog of the univariate shewhart ¯ x chart. As in the case of univariate, the ARL improvements are very important particularly for small process shifts. In this paper, we study the T 2 control chart with two-state adaptive sample size, when the shift in the process mean does not occur at the beginning but at some random time in the future. Further, the occurrence time of the shift is assumed to be exponentially distributed random variable. [less ▲]

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See detailHotspot Decorations Map Plasmonic Patterns with the Resolution of Scanning Probe Techniques
Valev, V. K.; Silhanek, Alejandro ULg; Jeyaram, Y. et al

in Physical Review Letters (2011), 106(22),

In high definition mapping of the plasmonic patterns on the surfaces of nanostructures, the diffraction limit of light remains an important obstacle. Here we demonstrate that this diffraction limit can be ... [more ▼]

In high definition mapping of the plasmonic patterns on the surfaces of nanostructures, the diffraction limit of light remains an important obstacle. Here we demonstrate that this diffraction limit can be completely circumvented. We show that upon illuminating nanostructures made of nickel and palladium, the resulting surface-plasmon pattern is imprinted on the structures themselves; the hotspots (regions of local field enhancement) are decorated with overgrowths, allowing for their subsequent imaging with scanning-probe techniques. The resulting resolution of plasmon pattern imaging is correspondingly improved. [less ▲]

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See detailHotspots, complementarity or representativeness? Designing optimal small-scale reserves for biodiversity conservation
Kati, V.; Devillers, P.; Dufrêne, Marc ULg et al

in Biological Conservation (2004), 120(4), 471-480

Reserve networks are a major tool of ecological management aiming at biodiversity conservation. Maximizing the number of species conserved with the minimum land sacrifice is a primary requirement in ... [more ▼]

Reserve networks are a major tool of ecological management aiming at biodiversity conservation. Maximizing the number of species conserved with the minimum land sacrifice is a primary requirement in reserve design. In this study, we examine the efficiency of five different scenarios to conserve: (i) the biodiversity of one target group and (ii) the overall biodiversity of an area. The study was conducted in Dadia Reserve, in northern Greece. Six groups of species were selected to represent its biodiversity: woody plants, orchids, Orthoptera, aquatic and terrestrial herpetofauna, and small terrestrial birds. The scenarios examined represent different conservation approaches to select network sites. For each approach, the starting point was one of the above six groups of species, considered as the target group. In scenario A, which reflects the hotspot approach, the sites richest in species are selected. Scenario B selects the sites most complementary in terms of species richness. The next two scenarios use the principle of environmental representativeness, expressed in terms of habitat (scenario C) or vegetation (scenario D). Under scenario E, sites forming the network are selected at random. The rank of scenarios in terms of preserving the species of the target group was always B>A>C>D>E, irrespective of the group considered as target group. Their rank, when preservation of the total biodiversity was the issue, was B, A>C, D>E. © 2004 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. [less ▲]

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See detailHottest pixel analysis: Useful value or statistical artifact ?
DUARTE, P.; HUSTINX, Roland ULg; COUTURIER, O. et al

in Journal of Nuclear Medicine (The) (1999), 40

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See detailHourglass chondrules
Warin, Roger; Hatert, Frédéric ULg; Kashuba, John

in Meteorite (2011), November 2010

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See detailA House for Free Characters: The Novels of Iris Murdoch
Maes-Jelinek, Hena ULg

in Revue des Langues Vivantes = Tijdschrift voor Levende Talen (1963), 29(1), 45-69

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See detailHousehod dynamics and the well-beeing after partnership dissolution
Bould, S.; Hartmann, P.; Schmaus, G. et al

Conference (2007)

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See detailHousehold bushmeat consumption in Brazzaville, the Republic of the Congo.
Mbete, Roger Albert; Banga-Mboko, Henri; Racey, Paul et al

in Tropical Conservation Science (2011), 4(2), 187-202

Wildlife meat is an important source of animal protein for rural and urban populations in Congo. Quantitative and qualitative surveys on the consumption of bushmeat were undertaken in Brazzaville in 2006 ... [more ▼]

Wildlife meat is an important source of animal protein for rural and urban populations in Congo. Quantitative and qualitative surveys on the consumption of bushmeat were undertaken in Brazzaville in 2006, in about 1,050 urban households. The main objective was to establish the profiles of consumers and of species concerned. The results showed that 88.3% of the surveyed households consumed bushmeat. Their average size was 5.7 ± 3.2 persons. The average monthly income of an urban consumer with a permanent job was 98,334 (US$197) ± 84,306 (US$169) FCFA. It appeared that households preferred to consume bushmeat for two major reasons: the taste or flavor (67.8%) and food habits (14.7%). Meat from mammals was preferred, the top three orders of this class being artiodactyls (48.3%), rodents (28.3%), and primates (13.0%). Some of them are listed as threatened in Congo Brazzaville and are included in the IUCN Red List. The results showed that in Brazzaville, bushmeat consumption remains important and is determined by socio-economic parameters. The promotion of game farming, and breeding of domestic species such as poultry and fish, in the Brazzaville suburbs could help to meet Congolese demand for bushmeat. [less ▲]

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See detailHousehold risk management strategies for coastal aquaculture risks: the case of clam farming in Thaibinh province, Vietnam
Ngo Thi Thu Hang, ULg; Tran Huu, Cuong; Lebailly, Philippe ULg

in Vietnam National University of Agriculture (VNUA); Académie de Recherche et d'Enseignement Supérieur (ARES CCD) (Eds.) Proceedings "International conference on Agriculture development in the context of international integration: opportunities and challenges". 2016 ICOAD, December 7-8, Hanoi, Vietnam (2016)

Endowed with 3,260 km of coastal line and 112 estuaries, Vietnam has a high potential for aquaculture development. However, long coastal line is also embedded with natural high risks under climate changes ... [more ▼]

Endowed with 3,260 km of coastal line and 112 estuaries, Vietnam has a high potential for aquaculture development. However, long coastal line is also embedded with natural high risks under climate changes and sea level rise. Vietnam is ranked at the 18th in the 2015 world risk index and the vulnerability index of 50.9%. Relying on coastal resources, aquatic farmers have adopted a number of strategies to cope with aquaculture risks. By using the OECD holistic approach, this research used several tools to identify farmer's performance on clam farming practices and their risk management strategies (RMS) in Thaibinh province (the largest area of the clam production in the north and north central coastal part of Vietnam). RSMs are found of diversification and flexibility among farmers. For production risks, the RSMs are: (1) enlarging clam raising size and (2) actively controlling clam production by experience and technical innovations. For market risks, the RSM is searching for more clam market channels in both input and output market. For financial risks, RSMs are (1) securing family from clam farming loss by diversifying livelihood activities and (2) accessing secure financial sources in term or interest and bond conditions. Although some RSMs had resulted positive impacts but in overall, the clam farming risks have not managed well by those strategies due to the limitation in capacity of households comparing with level of risks. To cope better with different risks in clam sector, besides the adjustment in RSMs of farmers themselves, it is necessary to have the intervention from government (from national to local level) to address the aquaculture risks which the farmers cannot handle by themselves, such as (1) addressing the issue of polluted wastewater to the clam field; and (2) more focusing in supporting farmer in linkages to the both formal financial market and output market. In addition, supports for technical training targeting on improving farmer's skills and knowledge in farming decision making and market information is also of high value to clam farmers in coping with farming risks. [less ▲]

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See detailHouseholds' net income and food consumption in the context of the current financial crisis (a case study in Hanoi suburban)
Vu Dinh, Ton; Phan Dang, Thang; Duquesne, Brigitte ULg et al

in Vietnam’s Socio-Economic Development : a Social Science Review (2010), March 2010(61), 69-80

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See detailHouseholds' net incomes and food consumption in suburban Hanoi
Vu Dinh, Ton; Phan Dang, Thang ULg; Duquesne, Brigitte et al

in Hanoi University of Agriculture; Francophone Joint University Council (CIUF) (Eds.) Proceedings of Scientific Research Results - Institutional University Cooperation Program 2008-2012 (2013)

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See detailHousekeeping Genes as Internal Standards: Use and Limits
Thellin, Olivier ULg; Zorzi, Willy ULg; Lakaye, Bernard ULg et al

in Journal of Biotechnology (1999), 75(2-3), 291-5

Quantitative studies are commonly realised in the biomedical research to compare RNA expression in different experimental or clinical conditions. These quantifications are performed through their ... [more ▼]

Quantitative studies are commonly realised in the biomedical research to compare RNA expression in different experimental or clinical conditions. These quantifications are performed through their comparison to the expression of the housekeeping gene transcripts like glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase (G3PDH), albumin, actins, tubulins, cyclophilin, hypoxantine phsophoribosyltransferase (HRPT), L32. 28S, and 18S rRNAs are also used as internal standards. In this paper, it is recalled that the commonly used internal standards can quantitatively vary in response to various factors. Possible variations are illustrated using three experimental examples. Preferred types of internal standards are then proposed for each of these samples and thereafter the general procedure concerning the choice of an internal standard and the way to manage its uses are discussed. [less ▲]

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See detailHousing and integration of migrants in Europe
Bosswick, Wolfgang; Heckmann, Friedrich; Lüken-Klaßen, Doris et al

Book published by Eurofound and the Council of Europe (2007)

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See detailHousing Quality as Environmental Inequality: The Case of Wallonia, Belgium
Lejeune, Zoé ULg; Xhignesse, Guillaume ULg; Kryvobokov, Marko et al

in Journal of Housing and the Built Environment (2016), 31(3), 495-512

First in the USA and then in many other countries, scholarship on environmental inequality has sought to shed light on the unequal environmental conditions borne by poor people and ethnic minorities, and ... [more ▼]

First in the USA and then in many other countries, scholarship on environmental inequality has sought to shed light on the unequal environmental conditions borne by poor people and ethnic minorities, and to challenge public policies and their unjust impacts on those target groups. Housing quality, especially the indoor characteristics of homes, offers an innovative perspective in this field of research. In previous research on environmental inequality in the Walloon context, housing quality has been proven to be a major determinant of quality of life and environmental well-being. This paper analyses housing quality through a twofold approach: through indoor characteristics on the one hand, and outdoor subjective and objective externalities on the other. It reveals the disparities between the most deprived and the wealthiest segments of the population. The evidence for this study is based on a housing quality survey carried out in 2012 and 2013 on 6,018 households in Wallonia (Belgium). The key findings are that poor people are found to live in housing of lower quality, in densely populated neighbourhoods and those with mixed use, with compensating amenities provided at the local level. Moreover, consistent with environmental inequality scholarship, deprived households are found to bear the burden of environmental degradation outside the home. People live in areas with poorer air quality, but are found to benefit from greater access to green spaces. The results of the survey reveal an interesting point concerning the environmental inequality literature; the interior features of housing are found to differ more widely between deprived and wealthier people than the surrounding environment does. [less ▲]

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