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See detailMaîtriser l'oxygène en Médecine Générale
Burette, Philippe ULg

Conference (2008, May 24)

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See detailMaîtriser la dépendance automobile par l’aménagement du territoire en contexte transfrontalier. Le cas de la Wallonie
Lambotte, Jean-Marc ULg; Rouchet, Hélène ULg; Halleux, Jean-Marie ULg

in Mosella (2007), XXXII(1-4), 139-153

La limitation des trafics routiers et de la dépendance automobile correspond à un objectif stratégique pour les autorités de nombreux pays et régions. Dans ce cadre, les aménageurs mettent en avant le ... [more ▼]

La limitation des trafics routiers et de la dépendance automobile correspond à un objectif stratégique pour les autorités de nombreux pays et régions. Dans ce cadre, les aménageurs mettent en avant le projet de la « ville compacte écomobile », visant à canaliser les développements de l’urbanisation sur des sites accessibles par les alternatives à la voiture. Face au fort développement des mobilités quotidiennes internationales et transrégionales, cet article analyse une thématique encore peu prospectée par la recherche en aménagement, celle de la ville compacte écomobile en contexte transfrontalier. Nos travaux se sont focalisés sur la Wallonie et ses régions avoisinantes, en nous basant sur une analyse des plans stratégiques d’aménagement du territoire. Cet exercice montre combien la concurrence entre régions et la difficile organisation des transports publics qui caractérisent les espaces transfrontaliers complexifient l’endiguement de l’urbanisation et la limitation de la dépendance automobile. [less ▲]

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See detailMaîtriser la DLUO : Pistes méthodologiques
Delacharlerie, Sophie ULg; Chèné, Christine; Sindic, Marianne ULg

Scientific conference (2012, June 26)

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See detailMaîtriser la durée de vie des aliments à humidité intermédiaire
Delacharlerie, Sophie ULg; Chèné, Christine

Scientific conference (2011, May 17)

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See detailMaitriser le temps? L'accélération du traitement judiciaire du divorce en France et en Belgique
Bastard, Benoit; Delvaux, David ULg; Mouhanna, Christian et al

in Temporalités : Productions, Usages, Figures : Revue de Sciences Sociales et Humaines (2014), 19

Cet article aborde la question du temps dans l’institution judiciaire en prenant pour objet le contentieux familial. En considérant la dimension temporelle du règlement des conflits qui émergent lors des ... [more ▼]

Cet article aborde la question du temps dans l’institution judiciaire en prenant pour objet le contentieux familial. En considérant la dimension temporelle du règlement des conflits qui émergent lors des ruptures d’union, il met en évidence le changement radical de la vision du temps qui a touché le monde de la justice civile dans les dernières décennies. Le mouvement d’accélération qui touche l’ensemble de l’institution judiciaire se trouve redoublé dans ce champ par l’urgence qu’impose la réaction face à un contentieux de masse : il s’agit de répondre sans délais aux conflits familiaux, selon des modalités adaptées aux besoins des intéressés. L’étude s’appuie sur une enquête réalisée dans cinq juridictions, en France et en Belgique. Dans ces deux pays, les dernières réformes intervenues ont eu pour projet de hâter les procédures de divorce. Dans la pratique, différentes modalités de l’accélération du traitement judiciaire sont observées. En France, le juge aux affaires familiales est un acteur central qui traite l’ensemble des ruptures de couple soumises à la justice. Les JAF font tout pour accélérer les décisions, en s’appuyant autant que faire se peut sur l’accord des parties et en cherchant à contrôler les avocats. En Belgique, l’accélération est particulièrement apparente s’agissant du procès en divorce, mais les décisions sur les effets accessoires de la séparation sont renvoyées à différentes instances ayant leur propre temporalité. Par-delà ces différences, la comparaison suggère que l’accélération du traitement du contentieux de la famille résulte de la coprésence des deux tendances majeures observées, la managérialisation de la justice et le renvoi des décisions relatives à la famille vers les intéressés eux-mêmes. L’accélération du traitement judiciaire du divorce n’est cependant pas sans conséquence : en particulier, elle rend plus apparente la disjonction du temps du procès et de celui que vivent les conjoints en rupture. [less ▲]

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See detailMaîtrises foncières et occupation de l’espace forestier dans le Nord-Est Gabon
Vermeulen, Cédric ULg; Boldrini, S.; d'Ans, Séverine ULg et al

in Vermeulen, Cédric; Doucet, Jean-Louis (Eds.) Les premières forêts communautaires du Gabon : Récits d'une expérience pilote (2008)

La connaissance des représentations locales de l’espace et des ressources constituent un préalable à toute initiative de gestion. Dans le cadre de la mise en place des premières forêts communautaires ... [more ▼]

La connaissance des représentations locales de l’espace et des ressources constituent un préalable à toute initiative de gestion. Dans le cadre de la mise en place des premières forêts communautaires gabonaises, il importe d’identifier les niveaux d’appropriation et de co-gestion des espaces ressources qui préexistent à l’action. Le propos de cet article consiste donc à identifier une démarche méthodologique permettant de structurer des politiques d’aménagement sur les concepts culturels développés par les ethnies concernées. A travers l’exemple du groupe Kota, nous présentons la liste du vocabulaire relatif au foncier et aux ressources exploitées, ainsi que l’ensemble des maîtrises qui y sont associées. Une comparaison avec d’autres groupes ethniques d’Afrique centrale est proposée. Une discussion sur les conséquences pour la mise en place des premières forêts communautaires est enfin proposée. [less ▲]

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See detailMaitrisez vos actes chirurgicaux sans stress + travaux pratiques
LAMBERT, France ULg; LECLOUX, Geoffrey ULg; DEBATY, Bertrand ULg et al

Conference (2008, April 25)

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See detailMaize cold tolerance : in search of relevant parameters for discriminating genotypes
Riva-Roveda, Laetitia ULg; Escale, Brigitte; Giauffret, Catherine et al

Poster (2014, May 15)

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See detailMaize silage supplemented with molasses as basal diet for growing fattening bulls. 1. Kinetic of degradation and parameters of fermention in the rumen
Mayombo, Asangule Pierre; Dufrasne, Isabelle ULg; Hollo, Véronique et al

in Proceedings of the 44th Annual Meeting of E.A.A.P. (1993)

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See detailMaize supplemented with molasses as basal diet for growing fattening bulls. 2. Animal performances
Mayombo, Asangule Pierre; Dufrasne, Isabelle ULg; Hollo, Véronique et al

in Proceedings of the 44th Annual Meeting of E.A.A.P. (1993)

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See detailMajerou
Kurth, Godefroid ULg

in Annales de l'Institut Archéologique du Luxembourg (1885), XXVII(31e fascicule), 265-295

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See detailThe major allergens in Russian atopic asthmatic patients.
Gusareva, Elena ULg; Bragina, Elena; Deeva, Evgenia et al

Poster (2005, July)

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See detailMajor and trace element geochemistry in a peat core from North Poland.Preliminary results
De Vleeschouwer; Fagel, Nathalie ULg; Cherbukin et al

Poster (2007)

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See detailMajor changes in glucose metabolism, including new-onset diabetes, within 3 months after initiation of or switch to atypical antipsychotic medication in patients with schizophrenia and schizoaffective disorder.
van Winkel, Ruud; De Hert, Marc; Wampers, Martien et al

in Journal of Clinical Psychiatry (2008), 69(3), 472-9

OBJECTIVE: To investigate 3-month changes in glucose metabolism in a naturalistic sample of patients with schizophrenia newly started on or switched to specific atypical antipsychotic medication therapy ... [more ▼]

OBJECTIVE: To investigate 3-month changes in glucose metabolism in a naturalistic sample of patients with schizophrenia newly started on or switched to specific atypical antipsychotic medication therapy. METHOD: One hundred eighty-three patients were evaluated before initiation and 3 months after with a 75-g glucose load oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT). Data were collected between November 2003 and January 2007. RESULTS: Eight patients (4.4%) developed new-onset diabetes within 3 months. Initiation of clozapine resulted in a significantly higher risk for new-onset glucose abnormalities than initiation of aripiprazole (odds ratio = 67.29, 95% CI = 5.23 to 866.49). Significant drug x time interactions were found for all OGTT glucose assessments (fasting: F = 6.79, df = 5,177; p < .0001; 30 minutes: F = 3.89, df = 5,177; p = .0023; 60 minutes: F = 5.03, df = 5,177; p = .0002; 120 minutes: F = 3.78, df = 5,177; p = .0028), with the evolution of plasma glucose levels being significantly worse in patients initiated on clozapine therapy (fasting, 30 minutes, and 60 minutes), olanzapine therapy (fasting, 60 minutes, and 120 minutes), and quetiapine therapy (fasting and 60 minutes) than in patients initiated on aripiprazole therapy (p < .05). Clozapine was also significantly more deleterious than risperidone and amisulpride for fasting plasma glucose level changes (p < .05). Type of initiation (start or switch) did not affect any of the metabolic parameters. CONCLUSIONS: The incidence of new-onset glucose abnormalities, including diabetes, in the first 3 months after newly starting or switching atypical antipsychotic medication is high and may be markedly influenced by type of prescribed antipsychotic. The importance of accurately screening for new-onset glucose abnormalities after initiation of an atypical antipsychotic is emphasized. [less ▲]

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See detailMajor clinical outcomes in antiretroviral therapy (ART)-naive participants and in those not receiving ART at baseline in the SMART study.
Emery, Sean; Neuhaus, Jacqueline A; Phillips, Andrew N et al

in Journal of Infectious Diseases (2008), 197(8), 1133-44

BACKGROUND: The SMART study randomized 5,472 human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected patients with CD4+ cell counts >350 cells/microL to intermittent antiretroviral therapy (ART; the drug conservation ... [more ▼]

BACKGROUND: The SMART study randomized 5,472 human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected patients with CD4+ cell counts >350 cells/microL to intermittent antiretroviral therapy (ART; the drug conservation [DC] group) versus continuous ART (the viral suppression [VS] group). In the DC group, participants started ART when the CD4+ cell count was <250 cells/microL. Clinical outcomes in participants not receiving ART at entry inform the early use of ART. METHODS: Patients who were either ART naive (n=249) or who had not been receiving ART for >or= 6 months (n=228) were analyzed. The following clinical outcomes were assessed: (i) opportunistic disease (OD) or death from any cause (OD/death); (ii) OD (fatal or nonfatal); (iii) serious non-AIDS events (cardiovascular, renal, and hepatic disease plus non-AIDS-defining cancers) and non-OD deaths; and (iv) the composite of outcomes (ii) and (iii). RESULTS: A total of 477 participants (228 in the DC group and 249 in the VS group) were followed (mean, 18 months). For outcome (iv), 21 and 6 events occurred in the DC (7 in ART-naive participants and 14 in those who had not received ART for >or= 6 months) and VS (2 in ART-naive participants and 4 in those who had not received ART for 6 months) groups, respectively. Hazard ratios for DC vs. VS by outcome category were as follows: outcome (i), 3.47 (95% confidence interval [CI], 1.26-9.56; p=.02); outcome (ii), 3.26 (95% CI, 1.04-10.25; p=.04); outcome (iii), 7.02 (95% CI, 1.57-31.38; p=.01); and outcome (iv), 4.19 (95% CI, 1.69-10.39; p=.002 ). CONCLUSIONS: Initiation of ART at CD4+ cell counts >350 cells/microL compared with <250 cells/microL may reduce both OD and serious non-AIDS events. These findings require validation in a large, randomized clinical trial. [less ▲]

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See detailMajor Decrease in the Incidence of Trisomy 21 at Birth in South Belgium: Mass Impact of Triple Test?
Verloes, Alain ULg; Gillerot, Y.; Van Maldergem, Lionel ULg et al

in European Journal of Human Genetics (2001), 9(1), 1-4

In South Belgium (Wallonia), the 'triple test' was introduced in 1990-1991, and is nowadays a widely accepted screening method for assessment of trisomy 21 risk in pregnancy. The 'triple test' is not ... [more ▼]

In South Belgium (Wallonia), the 'triple test' was introduced in 1990-1991, and is nowadays a widely accepted screening method for assessment of trisomy 21 risk in pregnancy. The 'triple test' is not regulated and can be freely performed by any biomedical lab, making epidemiological data unavailable. By contrast, cytogenetic investigations are limited to a few genetic centres, and accurate statistics can be easily built from their files. During the period 1984-1989, a total of 244 trisomy 21 (1/876 pregnancies) were diagnosed in the Genetic Centres of Liege and Loverval, 42 (17%) of them prenatally. During the period 1993-1998, 294 trisomy 21 (1/704 pregnancies) were observed, 165 (56%) of which prenatally, and more than 90% of affected pregnancies were terminated. Even after correction for late foetal loss of trisomic foetuses, the difference is highly significant, and corresponds to a theoretical shift in the incidence of trisomy 21 at birth from 1/794 to 1/1606. As no remarkable progress occurred in other non-invasive prenatal screening procedures or general health care policies in Belgium, the most reasonable explanation is the use on a large scale of triple test by pregnant women, and the election of termination for most affected pregnancies. [less ▲]

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See detailMajor element geochemistry of cumulates from the Bjerkreim-Sokndal layered intrusion (Norway)
Duchesne, Jean-Clair ULg; Charlier, Bernard ULg

in Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta (2004, June), 68(11, Suppl. S), 647

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See detailMajor histocompatibility complex class II expression by activated microglia caudal to lesions of descending tracts in the human spinal cord is not associated with a T cell response.
Schmitt, A. B.; Buss, A.; Breuer, S. et al

in Acta Neuropathologica (2000), 100(5), 528-36

Lesion-induced microglial/macrophage responses were investigated in post-mortem human spinal cord tissue of 20 patients who had died at a range of survival times after spinal trauma or brain infarction ... [more ▼]

Lesion-induced microglial/macrophage responses were investigated in post-mortem human spinal cord tissue of 20 patients who had died at a range of survival times after spinal trauma or brain infarction. Caudal to the spinal cord injury or brain infarction, a strong increase in the number of activated microglial cells was observed within the denervated intermediate grey matter and ventral horn of patients who died shortly after the insult (4-14 days). These cells were positive for the leucocyte common antigen (LCA) and for the major histocompatibility complex class II antigen (MHC II), with only a small proportion staining for the CD68 antigen. After longer survival times (1-4 months), MHC II-immunoreactivity (MHC II-IR) was clearly reduced in the grey matter but abundant in the white matter, specifically within the degenerating corticospinal tract, co-localising with CD68. In this fibre tract, elevated MHC II-IR and CD68-IR were still detectable 1 year after trauma or stroke. It is likely that the subsequent expression of CD68 on MHC II-positive microglia reflects the conversion to a macrophage phenotype, when cells are phagocytosing degenerating presynaptic terminals in grey matter target regions at early survival times and removing axonal and myelin debris in descending tracts at later survival times. No T or B cell invasion or involvement of co-stimulatory B7 molecules (CD80 and CD86) was observed. It is possible that the up-regulation of MHC II on microglia that lack the expression of B7 molecules may be responsible for the prevention of a T cell response, thus protecting the spinal cord from secondary tissue damage. [less ▲]

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