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See detailThe Influence of Palm Oil Addition on Sunflower Halva Stability and Texture
MUREŞAN, Vlad; Danthine, Sabine ULg; RACOLŢA, Emil et al

in Bulletin UASVM Food Science and Technology (2014), 71(1), 51-56

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See detailThe influence of palm oil addition on sunflower halva stability and texture
Mure şan, V.; Danthine, Sabine ULg; Racolţa, E. et al

Scientific conference (2013, September 26)

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See detailInfluence of parameters during induction heating cycle of 7075 aluminium alloys with RAP process
Vaneetveld, Grégory ULg; Rassili, Ahmed ULg; Atkinson, Helen

in Solid State Phenomena (2008), 141-143

Thixoforging involves shaping alloys with a globular microstructure in the semi-solid state. To reach this kind of material, the Recrystallisation and Partial Melting (RAP) process can be used to obtain a ... [more ▼]

Thixoforging involves shaping alloys with a globular microstructure in the semi-solid state. To reach this kind of material, the Recrystallisation and Partial Melting (RAP) process can be used to obtain a globular microstructure from extruded material with liquid penetrating the recrystallised boundaries. Induction heating is used to apply the RAP process to slugs. One of the benefits of using this method of heating is the fast heating rate (20°C/s). This paper will help to improve heating parameters by showing their influence on 7075 aluminium alloy recrystallisation. These parameters are the heating rate; heating frequencies-power; presence or not of protective gas; position of the slug in the inductor; energy stored inside the slug; oxide layer on the slug side; chamfer of the slug upper corner. [less ▲]

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See detailInfluence of Parenteral Multivitamins Concentration on Neonatal Lung
Senterre, Thibault ULg

in Pediatric Research (2004, April), 55(4), 445

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See detailInfluence of particle flatness and elongation on size distributions obtained from laser diffraction, static and dynamic image analysis.
Califice, Arnaud ULg; Michel, Frédéric ULg; Dislaire, Godefroid et al

in World Congress on Particle Technology (2010, April)

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See detailInfluence of Particle Packing on Elastic Properties of Concrete
He, Huan ULg; Stroeven, Piet; Stroeven, Martijn et al

in Magzine of Concrete Research (2012), 64(2), 163-175

Concrete is a complex composite material. Hence, the main components of concrete on meso-scale should be considered when studying its global elastic properties. As a main ingredient of concrete, aggregate ... [more ▼]

Concrete is a complex composite material. Hence, the main components of concrete on meso-scale should be considered when studying its global elastic properties. As a main ingredient of concrete, aggregate will exert influences on the elastic properties of concrete. In the present study, particularly particle shape and particle packing are considered of relevance. The densely packed structure of arbitrary shaped aggregate is simulated by a concurrent algorithm-based discrete element modelling (DEM) system. A comparison is pursued of data, produced by numerical models, either based on arbitrary angular-shaped particles or on spherical ones. This will be accomplished by means of the finite element method (FEM). The results can be used to evaluate the adequacy for this purpose of conventional numerical or analytical models based on spherical aggregates. The influences exerted on the elastic properties of concrete by other factors, such as the mechanical and physical properties of the aggregate, the ITZ and the matrix will also be addressed in this study. [less ▲]

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See detailInfluence of Particle Packing on Fracture Properties of Concrete
He, Huan ULg; Stroeven, Piet; Stroeven, Martijn et al

in Computers and Concrete (2011), 8(6), 677-692

Particle packing on meso-level has a significant influence on workability of fresh concrete and also on the mechanical and durability properties of the matured material. It was demonstrated earlier that ... [more ▼]

Particle packing on meso-level has a significant influence on workability of fresh concrete and also on the mechanical and durability properties of the matured material. It was demonstrated earlier that shape exerts but a marginal influence on the elastic properties of concrete provided being packed to the same density, which is not necessarily the case with different types of aggregate. Hence, elastic properties of concrete can be treated as approximately structure-insensitive parameters. However, fracture behaviour can be expected structure-sensitive. This is supported by the present study based on discrete element method (DEM) simulated three-phase concrete, namely aggregate, matrix and interfacial transition zones (ITZs). Fracture properties are assessed with the aid of a finite element method (FEM) based on the damage materials model. Effects on tensile strength due to grain shape and packing density are investigated. Shape differences are shown to have only modest influence. Significant effects are exerted by packing density and physical-mechanical properties of the phases, whereby the ITZ takes up a major position. [less ▲]

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See detailInfluence of particle shape on size distribution measurements by 3D and 2D image analyses and laser diffraction
Califice, Arnaud ULg; Michel, Frédéric ULg; Dislaire, Godefroid ULg et al

in Powder Technology (2013), 237

This paper highlights the fact that particle size distribution (PSD) is not unique for the same product, and is dependent on the chosen measurement technique, especially for asymmetric shapes. Laser ... [more ▼]

This paper highlights the fact that particle size distribution (PSD) is not unique for the same product, and is dependent on the chosen measurement technique, especially for asymmetric shapes. Laser diffraction and 2D image analysis are commonly used PSD measurement techniques. However, the resultsmay not be representative of the true physical dimensions of the particles. The influence of particle shape on PSD results obtained from 2D/3D image analysis and laser diffraction was investigated. Two metallic powders presenting extreme shape properties (round and elongated particles) were analyzed, as well as a blend of the two pure products. 2D image analysis and laser diffraction results were compared to 3D image analysis (measuring the true particle size). This paper compares the PSD results obtained from the three methods. Some commonly used size parameters in image analysis software did not give meaningful results in regard of the true physical dimensions of the particles. The existence of the two populations (products with extremely different shape and size characteristics) could not be identified with such size parameters, and laser diffraction also performed poorly. The PSD obtained from more precise size parameters (image analysis) better corresponded to the true dimensions of the particles. This study highlights the strengths and weaknesses of particle size analysis techniques when studying products presenting diverse particle shapes, and points out that caution is required in the choice of the size parameters, and in the interpretation of PSD results. [less ▲]

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See detailThe influence of particle size distribution on sunflower tahini rheology and structure
Mureşan, Vlad; Danthine, Sabine ULg; Racolţa, Emil et al

in Journal of Food Process Engineering (2014)

Different particle size sunflower tahini prototypes were obtained by controlling the milling process of roasted sunflower kernels. Not only the physicochemical properties of these samples but also of an ... [more ▼]

Different particle size sunflower tahini prototypes were obtained by controlling the milling process of roasted sunflower kernels. Not only the physicochemical properties of these samples but also of an industrial reference were compared and discussed in order to understand tahini behavior and structure. Granulometry was determined by a laser-scattering analyzer and revealed for all studied samples, trimodal particle size distributions. Histogram modes, as well as cumulative volume percentages (CVPs) of smal l- and middle-class populations, increased with the number of passes through colloidal mill, while for large particle size population, both the modes and CVPs decreased. Pseudoplastic behavior was observed for all sunflower tahini prototypes and reference, irrespective of studied temperature and particle size. However, the value of consistency coefficient ranged from 3,049 to 6.6 Pa·s n being strong dependent on particle size and temperature while flow behavior indexes between 0.53 and 0.87. Time-dependent rheological analysis revealed higher thixotropic degree of coarser sunflower tahini samples. Studied samples had rheological properties characteristic for a viscoelastic mate- rial, the response in the dynamic frequency sweep being typical for weak gels. The finest sunflower tahini prototype showed the lowest Krieger–Dougherty estimated volume fraction (0.48), while the coarsest sample the highest (0.69), sunflower tahini reference being placed in a median position with a volume fraction of 0.56. By combining all those data, a schematic structure of sunflower tahini was pro- posed for the first time [less ▲]

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See detailInfluence of past and future climate changes on the distribution of three Southeast Asian murine rodents
Latinne, Alice ULg; Meynard, Christine; Herbreteau, Vincent et al

in Journal of Biogeography (2015), 42(9), 1714-1726

Aim: We tested the influence of Pleistocene climatic fluctuations and the potential effect of future climate change on Southeast Asian small mammal distributions using two forest-dwelling (Leopoldamys ... [more ▼]

Aim: We tested the influence of Pleistocene climatic fluctuations and the potential effect of future climate change on Southeast Asian small mammal distributions using two forest-dwelling (Leopoldamys herberti and Leopoldamys sabanus) and one karst (Leopoldamys neilli) endemic rodent species as models. Location: Southeast Asia. Methods: We used presence–absence data of genetically identified individuals, bioclimatic variables and species distribution modelling techniques to predict potential distributions of the three studied species under current, past [Last Interglacial (LIG) and Last Glacial Maximum (LGM)] and future conditions. We applied a variety of modelling techniques and then used consensus techniques to draw up robust maps of potential distribution ranges at all stages. Results: According to our models, these three Leopoldamys species did not experience significant range contraction during the LGM. Our models revealed substantial range contraction during the LIG for L. herberti in northern Indochina, while its distribution expanded in southern Indochina. Evidence of a southward range expansion during that period was also obtained for L. neilli, whereas L. sabanus remained widely distributed in insular Southeast Asia but experienced a range contraction on the Thai-Malay Peninsula. The two future climate change scenarios used predicted that large climatically suitable areas would still be available in the future for the three species. Main conclusions: Our model predictions contradict the well-established hypothesis that Southeast Asian forest-dwelling species were confined to small refugia during the LGM. Moreover, our results suggest that some Southeast Asian taxa may have been distributed in their refugial state during the LIG rather than the LGM. This could be because of vegetation changes that may have occurred at that time as a result of the increased seasonality observed during the LIG. These Pleistocene refugia may have been localized in northern Indochina but our study also revealed that southern Indochina could provide major potential refugia. [less ▲]

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See detailInfluence of permanent use of feeding stalls as living area on ammonia and greenhouse gas emissions for group-housed gestating sows kept on straw deep-litter
Philippe, François-Xavier ULg; Laitat, Martine ULg; Wavreille, José et al

in Livestock Science (2013), 155

In pig production, the interest for litter systems in relation with animal welfare and the ban by 2013 in the EU of individual accommodations for gestating sows could promote the group-housing of ... [more ▼]

In pig production, the interest for litter systems in relation with animal welfare and the ban by 2013 in the EU of individual accommodations for gestating sows could promote the group-housing of gestating sows on deep-litter. However, compared to slatted-floor systems, few data are available on the gaseous emissions associated with the different modalities of rearing sows on deep-litter. In this study, two modalities were compared: group housing on a 3 m2/sow deep-litter or on a 1.8 m2/sow deep-litter plus 1.2 m2/sow concrete floor. In both cases, sows were fed in individual feeding stalls (1.2 m2/stall) but the access was limited at feeding time in the first case and permanent in the second one. Three successive batches of 10 gestating sows were used. Each batch was divided into 2 homogeneous groups randomly allocated to one of two treatments: fully (3 m2/sow) or partly (1.8 m2/sow) straw-based deep-bedded floor. The groups were kept separately in two identical rooms with same volume and same surface, equipped with five individual feeding stalls in contact with a pen of either 9 or 15 m2 deep-litter. The feeding stalls were equipped with front feeding troughs and rear gates allowing or not permanent access to the stalls outside of feeding times. Between each batch, the pens were cleaned. In both rooms, ventilation was automatically adapted to maintain a constant ambient temperature. The gas emissions (nitrous oxide, methane, carbon dioxide, ammonia and water vapour) were measured 3 times (weeks 2, 5 and 8 of stay) during 6 consecutive days by infrared photoacoustic detection. Sow performance was not significantly affected by floor type. With sows kept on partly bedded floor, gaseous emissions were significantly greater for methane (12.76 vs. 9.90 g/d.sow; P<0.001), carbon dioxide (3.12 vs. 2.90 kg/d.sow; P<0.01) and water vapour (4.70 vs. 4.03 kg/d.sow; P<0.001), and significantly lower for nitrous oxide (3.14 vs. 6.12 g/d.sow; P<0.001) and CO2 equivalents (1.24 vs. 2.10 kg/d.sow; P<0.001) compared to sows housed on fully bedded floor. There was no significant difference for ammonia emissions (8.36 vs. 7.45 g/d.sow; P>0.05). From the present trial in experimental rooms, it can be concluded that keeping group-housed gestating sows on partly straw bedded floor with permanent access to the concrete feeding stalls compared to fully straw bedded floor did not significantly influence animal performance and NH3-emissions, and decreased CO2eq-emissions (-40%). This decrease was observed owing to an important decrease of N2O-emissions (-49%). [less ▲]

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See detailThe Influence of Phylogenic Origin on the Occurrence of Brachycephalic Airway Obstruction Syndrome in a Large Retrospective Study
Njikam Nsangou, Ibrahim ULg; Huault, Maxime; Pirson, Vincent et al

in International journal of applied research in veterinary medicine (2009), 7(3), 138-143

Strategies to identify genetic polymorphisms responsible for inherited disorders in purebred dog population are often based on experimental studies whereas hospitals case reports provide widely and easily ... [more ▼]

Strategies to identify genetic polymorphisms responsible for inherited disorders in purebred dog population are often based on experimental studies whereas hospitals case reports provide widely and easily affordable information of clinical significance. When this clinical information is enriched with knowledge on the phylogenetic origins, breed histories of the dog and adjusted for known biases, they may lead the way to more in depth genetic research. We illustrated here with a very complex disease, the brachycephalic airway obstruction syndrome (BAOS). No cases were reported in the boxer breed while almost half of the dogs from the other brachycephalic breeds of the same phylogenetic cluster were BAOS, making these breeds good candidates for further genetic studies. Critical issues to improve utility of clinical data for genetic studies are discussed along with methods to handle biases inherent to such type of studies. [less ▲]

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See detailInfluence of physico-chemical characteristics of limestone fillers on fresch and hardened mortar performances
Michel, Frédéric ULg; Piérard, Julie; Courard, Luc ULg et al

in De Schutter, G.; Boel, V. (Eds.) Self-Compacting Concrete SCC 2007 (2007, September)

In order to meet the specific requirements for fresh Self-Compacting Concrete (SCC), i.e. a high workability together with a good resistance to segregation, the amount of coarse aggregates has to be ... [more ▼]

In order to meet the specific requirements for fresh Self-Compacting Concrete (SCC), i.e. a high workability together with a good resistance to segregation, the amount of coarse aggregates has to be reduced and replaced by fine material. Since cement is quite expensive and can develop a high heat of hydration with possible problems for thermal cracks in massive concrete, mineral fillers are usually used. In Belgium, local available materials are limestone fillers; they are very well-adapted for the optimisation of particle packing and flow behaviour of cementitious paste in SCC mixes. These by-products are issued from different sectors, such as the aggregate and lime production industry (quarrying operations) and the ornamental stones industry (sawing operations). The suitability of these fillers for use in SCC or conventional concrete production was investigated. This paper reports the effect of the nature and the substitution rate of the fillers on the properties of mortars. Some relationship between the physico-chemical properties of the fillers and the properties of mortars were brought forward. [less ▲]

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