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See detailManagement of root perforations using MTA with or without Er:YAG laser irradiation: An in vitro study
Tielemans, Marc; Saloukas, I.; Heysselaer, D. et al

in International Journal of Dentistry (2012)

The aim of this in vitro study is to compare the microleakage of a root perforation sealed with MTA (mineral trioxide aggregate) (group M) to that sealed with MTA following Er:YAG laser irradiation (group ... [more ▼]

The aim of this in vitro study is to compare the microleakage of a root perforation sealed with MTA (mineral trioxide aggregate) (group M) to that sealed with MTA following Er:YAG laser irradiation (group ML). Forty-two recently extracted human monoroot teeth were used. Two cavities were prepared on each root surface. Randomly, on each root, the exposed dentine of one cavity was irradiated prior to MTA filling using an Er:YAG laser with the following settings: 200 mJ/pulses under an air water spray, 10Hz, pulse duration of 50sec, and 0.7mm beam diameter. All cavities were then sealed with MTA. submitted to thermocycling and immersed in 2 methylene blue dye solution for 12h. The penetration of methylene blue in the microleakage of cavity was observed and recorded. The mean value dye penetration in cavities sealed with MTA following Er:YAG laser irradiation (23.91 14.63 ) was lower than that of unlased cavities sealed only with MTA (25.17 17.53 ). No significant difference was noted. The use of an Er:YAG laser beam for dentinal conditioning prior to MTA filling of perforated roots did not decrease significantly the microleakage of MTA sealing when compared to the conventional use of MTA filling. Copyright © 2012 M. Tielemans et al. [less ▲]

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See detailManagement of severe preeclampsia
Brichant, Géraldine ULg; Dewandre, Pierre-Yves ULg; Foidart, Jean-Michel ULg et al

in Acta Clinica Belgica (2010), 65(3), 163-169

Features of severe preeclampsia include severe proteinuric hypertension and symptoms of central nervous system dysfunction, hepatocellular injury, thrombocytopenia, oliguria, pulmonary oedema ... [more ▼]

Features of severe preeclampsia include severe proteinuric hypertension and symptoms of central nervous system dysfunction, hepatocellular injury, thrombocytopenia, oliguria, pulmonary oedema, cerebrovascular accident and severe intrauterine growth restriction. Women with severe preeclampsia must be hospitalized to confirm the diagnosis, to assess the severity of the disease, to monitor the progression of the disease and to try to stabilize the disease. Severe preeclampsia may be managed expectantly, in selected cases. The objective of expectant management in these patients is to improve neonatal outcome. Expectant management is based on antihypertensive treatment and prevention of end organ dysfunction. Antihypertensive treatment improves maternal outcome but has the potential to be deleterious for the foetus. Plasma volume expansion has been suggested for severe preeclampsia but trials failed to show any benefit. Magnesium sulfate is the anticonvulsivant of choice to treat or prevent eclampsia when indicated. Antenatal corticosteroids are recommended in severely preeclamptic women with 26-34 weeks gestation. Timing of delivery is based upon gestational age, severity of preeclampsia, maternal and foetal risks. [less ▲]

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See detailManagement of small woods in Belgium.
Rondeux, Jacques ULg

in Quarterly Journal of Forestry (1991), 85(1), 37-42

In Belgium, forest occupies 20 per cent of the total land area. Private forests account for about 52 per cent; they are generally small (averaging about three ha) and their owners are not accustomed to ... [more ▼]

In Belgium, forest occupies 20 per cent of the total land area. Private forests account for about 52 per cent; they are generally small (averaging about three ha) and their owners are not accustomed to basing their decisions on a management plan. However, some attempts to develop co-operation through forestry associations exist and the regional authorities tend to encourage them. Whatever the details of any possible future legislation may be, the principal aim must be the development and introduction of an extremely simple form of management plan (the so-called 'plan simple de gestion') in exchange for assistance to the private owner. [less ▲]

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See detailThe Management of Social Enterprises
Mertens de Wilmars, Sybille ULg

Conference (2009, October 02)

This presentation describes the ways in which social enterprises are managed in order to successfully combine social mission and economic activities.

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See detailManagement of soils polluted by heavy metals in cultivated areas : which kind of bioremediation ?
Schvartz, Christian; Zu, Yanqun; Douay, Francis et al

Conference (2006)

Within the periurban areas of big cities, soils are often contaminated by heavy metals spread by human activity: atmospheric fallouts due to industry and traffic, recycling of urban wastes (directly or ... [more ▼]

Within the periurban areas of big cities, soils are often contaminated by heavy metals spread by human activity: atmospheric fallouts due to industry and traffic, recycling of urban wastes (directly or after water treatment), fertilizers and pesticides used in agriculture… This is, among others, verified in the surroundings of Kunming (Yunnan, PR China) and Lille (Nord-Pas de Calais, France), areas with high density of population and traditional metallurgical industries. These areas have also intensive agricultural activities characterized by important vegetable productions, and are generally known as the "green belts" of the cities. These cultures, with short vegetative period, need high biodisponibility of nutrients, biodisponibility which may also occur for other unwanted elements existing in the soil, such as heavy metals. For evident human health reasons the quality of the crops must be ensured and their heavy metal content kept as low as possible, at least under the values of relevant legal thresholds. Thus, vegetables are particularly sensitive to the presence of heavy metals in the soils where they are growing. It is therefore necessary to manage these soils in order to preserve public health or, more basically, the income of the farmers, as contaminated vegetables would not be marketable. Thus, for these large areas contaminated by diffuse pollution, bioremediation looks to be appropriate. But the kind of the bioremediation which will be applied has to be adapted to the severity of the soil pollution and to the intended land use. In this project, we have assessed the contents of Pb, Cd, Zn and Cu of soils and vegetables within the Chenggong county (near Kunming), and compared the results to the already known situation of the surroundings of two lead and zinc smelters located close to Lille. Then goals and ways of bioremediation have been discussed and the first steps of implementation experimented. [less ▲]

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See detailThe management of temporal constraints in naturalistic decision making: The case of anesthesia
De Keyser, Véronique ULg; Nyssen, Anne-Sophie ULg

in Klein, G.; Salas, E. (Eds.) Linking expertise and naturalistic decision making (2001)

Explores weather temporal expertise can be acquired using simulators. This chapter addressed that issue and focuses on three types of competence: dynamic diagnosis, anticipation and planification, and ... [more ▼]

Explores weather temporal expertise can be acquired using simulators. This chapter addressed that issue and focuses on three types of competence: dynamic diagnosis, anticipation and planification, and synchronization. All of them are important for situativeness and rely on duration, order, and temporal perspectives. All of them are potential sources of errors and accidents. The domain covered by this chapter is anesthesia. [less ▲]

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See detailManagement of the metabolic syndrome.
Scheen, André ULg

in Minerva Endocrinologica (2004), 29(2), 31-45

The metabolic syndrome (MetS) is strongly associated with insulin resistance and consists of a constellation of factors that raise the risk for cardiovascular diseases and diabetes mellitus. Therefore ... [more ▼]

The metabolic syndrome (MetS) is strongly associated with insulin resistance and consists of a constellation of factors that raise the risk for cardiovascular diseases and diabetes mellitus. Therefore, the primary goals of treating MetS are prevention of type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular events. Three levels of intervention may be considered for individuals with MetS : 1) management of underlying risk conditions by controlling weight excess, enhancing regular physical exercise and promoting healthy diet; 2) management of individual risk factors such as dyslipidaemia, hypertension, hyperglycaemia and prothrombotic state; and 3) targeting insulin resistance by using specific insulin sensitizers such as thiazolidinediones. The most important therapeutic intervention effective in subjects with MetS should focus on modest weight reduction and regular leisure-time physical activities. Although lifestyle modification is the first-line therapy, drug therapy may be necessary in many patients to achieve recommended goals regarding lipid profile, blood pressure and blood glucose control. Rather than to use a magic bullet that might fully reverse the underlying cause of the syndrome, one appealing alternative would be to use a so-called "polypill" targeting each of the components of MetS. However, such a polypill should ideally contain numerous molecules that all have shown a potential interest for the management of MetS such as metformin, acarbose, a thiazolidinedione, a statin, a fibrate, an inhibitor of the renin-angiotensin system, aspirin. The growing prevalence and high-risk nature of MetS highlights the need to identify individuals with this condition and to treat them with an aggressive multitargeted approach. [less ▲]

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See detailManagement of the unstable cervical spine: elective versus emergent cases.
Bonhomme, Vincent ULg; Hans, Pol ULg

in Current Opinion in Anaesthesiology (2009), 22(5), 579-85

PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The present review focuses on similarities and discrepancies in the management of emergent and elective unstable cervical spine (C-spine) patients. RECENT FINDINGS: During mobilization ... [more ▼]

PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The present review focuses on similarities and discrepancies in the management of emergent and elective unstable cervical spine (C-spine) patients. RECENT FINDINGS: During mobilization, lifting is superior to rolling in limiting spine movements. Before prone position surgery, the transfer of the patient on a rotating table is preferable to rolling. In trauma patients, helical computed tomography (CT) with sagittal reconstruction is the first choice for clearing the C-spine. In those patients, airway compromise may be related to hidden cervical edema or hematoma. Several devices can be of help in performing safe tracheal intubation in patients with limited neck movements, but awake fiberoptic intubation remains the safest procedure. The muscle relaxant antagonist sugammadex can improve safety for rapid sequence induction. It can rapidly reverse profound steroid-based neuromuscular blockade and allows avoidance of succinylcholine in this indication. Propofol anesthesia better prevents coughing upon emergence than inhaled anesthesia. Neuroprotection in cord-damaged patients is disappointing, and the controversy on the efficacy of high-dose methylprednisolone is not closed. Nevertheless, maintenance of homeostasis remains the cornerstone of neuroprotection. SUMMARY: Subtle details differentiate the management of emergent and elective unstable C-spine patients. In both situations, the presence or the absence of a neurological insult governs the therapeutic strategy. [less ▲]

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See detailManagement of ventilatory supports in adult respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS)
Lamy, Maurice ULg

in Akutes progressives lungenversagen. Acute respiratory failure (1978)

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See detailManagement of Wastewater Sludge's: A Hot Topic at the European Level
Léonard, Angélique ULg

in Journal of Residuals Science and Technology [=JRST] (2011), 8(2), 38-38

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See detailManagement perspectives on a deep aquifer system for rural water supply in Olt and Valcea counties - Romania
Dinu, Irina; Albu, Marius; Moldoveanu, Victor et al

in Lakes & Reservoirs : Research & Management (2000), 5

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See detailLe management public dans la sphère scolaire : émergence des pratiques de médiation scolaire au sein de trois « mondes » d’acteurs
Gérard, Julie ULg

Conference (2013, March 28)

This article aims to examine changing practices of school mediation in three “worlds” of actors – the educational world, the manager world and the “living together” world – crossing three fields of ... [more ▼]

This article aims to examine changing practices of school mediation in three “worlds” of actors – the educational world, the manager world and the “living together” world – crossing three fields of research in sociology: the interactionism, the sociology of public management, and the sociology of school. Traditionally performed by the institutional mediator of the school or, occasionally, by a local mediator, the variety of contemporary mediation practices appears as a consequence of the organizational challenges of New Public Management of Belgium. I will first explain the background of the changes which occurred in the educational field and examine the changing role of school stakeholders. Then, I will present three case studies which illustrate how schools are anchored in the three “worlds” of actors mentioned above. Finally, I will discuss the results giving the first lines of interpretation of this school evolution. [less ▲]

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See detailManagement strategies in urban green spaces: Models based on an introduced exotic pet turtle
Teillac-Deschamps, Pauline; Lorillière, Romain; Servais, Véronique ULg et al

in Biological Conservation (2009), 142(10), 2258-2269

A number of recent authors have emphasised the increasing disconnection from conservation issues among urban dwellers. In a global increase of urbanisation, this disconnect can have an impact on ... [more ▼]

A number of recent authors have emphasised the increasing disconnection from conservation issues among urban dwellers. In a global increase of urbanisation, this disconnect can have an impact on conservation practices. Here, we discuss how managers of public green spaces can contribute to global biodiversity preservation, through combined efforts to preserve local biodiversity and educate the public about conservation issues. We compared several management strategies, including those that mixed direct action on local biodiversity with public education and those that did not. Two kinds of one-way communication were considered as well as a two-way communication process, which take into account different perceptions and practices of nature. We based our model on the introduction of the red-eared slider turtle, Trachemys scripta elegans, into urban French freshwater ecosystems. We found that direct actions only had a limited, short term effect on the abundance of feral turtles in green spaces and had no effect on the level of public concern about environmental questions. We also showed that a mix of different communication strategies improved people’s awareness and altered behaviour with respect to introduced species issues. Finally, we showed the importance of a two-way communication that takes into account the diversity of personal perceptions and practices as regards nature in urban areas in order to achieve sustainable conservation measures and objectives [less ▲]

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See detailManageMilk - Création d'outils de management innovatifs et pratiques en vue d'améliorer la durabilité de la production laitière et de la qualité des produits laitiers: présentation du projet.
Arnould, Valérie ULg; Soyeurt, Hélène ULg; Stoll, Jean et al

in 16ième Carrefour des Prodcutions animales: La filière laitière bovine européenne est-elle durable? (2011, March 02)

Detailed reference viewed: 46 (13 ULg)