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See detailLara Croft. Avatar, femme et icône du jeu vidéo
Barnabé, Fanny ULg

Conference given outside the academic context (2015)

La séduisante archéologue Lara Croft, protagoniste de la série de jeux Tomb Raider, est aujourd'hui l'une des icônes les plus célèbres du jeu vidéo, si bien qu'elle a même dépassé les limites de ce médium ... [more ▼]

La séduisante archéologue Lara Croft, protagoniste de la série de jeux Tomb Raider, est aujourd'hui l'une des icônes les plus célèbres du jeu vidéo, si bien qu'elle a même dépassé les limites de ce médium pour se faire connaître à un public élargi (à travers des adaptations au cinéma, en comics ou encore à travers des publicités). Toutefois, ce personnage est aussi une figure complexe qui a été reçue de manières très diverses : tantôt envisagée comme un symbole féministe (Lara Croft est une héroïne forte et indépendante, loin de la demoiselle en détresse à laquelle se cantonnaient généralement les premiers jeux vidéo), elle a aussi pu être interprétée comme une représentation caricaturale et réifiante de la femme. C'est donc d'un personnage chargé de contradictions que cette conférence propose de faire le portrait. [less ▲]

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See detailLarga existencia y breve desaparición: el adiós de una revista cultural.
Vanden Berghe, Kristine ULg

in América. Cahiers du CRICCAL (1997), 18(II), 587-600

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See detailLarge amplitude parallel propagating electromagnetic oscillitons
Cattaert, Tom ULg; Verheest, F.

in Physics of Plasmas (2005), 12(1), 7

Earlier systematic nonlinear treatments of parallel propagating electromagnetic waves have been given within a fluid dynamic approach, in a frame where the nonlinear structures are stationary and various ... [more ▼]

Earlier systematic nonlinear treatments of parallel propagating electromagnetic waves have been given within a fluid dynamic approach, in a frame where the nonlinear structures are stationary and various constraining first integrals can be obtained. This has lead to the concept of oscillitons that has found application in various space plasmas. The present paper differs in three main aspects from the previous studies: first, the invariants are derived in the plasma frame, as customary in the Sagdeev method, thus retaining in Maxwell's equations all possible effects. Second, a single differential equation is obtained for the parallel fluid velocity, in a form reminiscent of the Sagdeev integrals, hence allowing a fully nonlinear discussion of the oscilliton properties, at such amplitudes as the underlying Mach number restrictions allow. Third, the transition to weakly nonlinear whistler oscillitons is done in an analytical rather than a numerical fashion. (C) 2005 American Institute of Physics. [less ▲]

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See detailLarge amplitude solitary electromagnetic waves in electron-positron plasmas
Verheest, F.; Cattaert, Tom ULg

in Physics of Plasmas (2004), 11(6), 3078-3082

Waves in electron-positron plasmas have fundamentally different dispersion characteristics due to the equal charge-to-mass ratios between negative and positive charges, which mix different timescales, and ... [more ▼]

Waves in electron-positron plasmas have fundamentally different dispersion characteristics due to the equal charge-to-mass ratios between negative and positive charges, which mix different timescales, and are of interest in understanding aspects of pulsars and active galactic nuclei, where astrophysical electron-positron plasmas occur. Earlier systematic nonlinear treatments of parallel propagating electromagnetic waves via a reductive perturbation analysis had indicated unusual results, namely a vector equivalent of the modified Korteweg-de Vries equation. The latter is nonintegrable except in the case of linear polarization when it becomes equivalent to the scalar (integrable) modified Korteweg-de Vries equation. Here large amplitude purely stationary nonlinear solitary waves are studied in their own reference frame via the McKenzie approach. The behavior of the wave magnetic field can be expressed through an energy integral that involves the Mach number of the structure. Possible solitons are super-Alfvenic and occur symmetrically for positive or negative fields, owing to the obvious symmetry between positive and negative charges with the same mass. The limits on the allowable Mach numbers and soliton amplitudes have also been computed. (C) 2004 American Institute of Physics. [less ▲]

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See detailLarge amplitude solitary waves in space plasmas
Cattaert, Tom ULg

Doctoral thesis (2006)

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See detailLarge carrion beetles (Coleoptera, Silphidae) in Western Europe: a review
Dekeirsschieter, Jessica ULg; Verheggen, François ULg; Lognay, Georges ULg et al

in Biotechnologie, Agronomie, Société et Environnement = Biotechnology, Agronomy, Society and Environment [=BASE] (2011), 15(3), 425-437

This review focuses on carrion beetles (Coleoptera, Silphidae) of the Western Palearctic and their potential use in forensic entomology as bioindicators. Few studies have looked at Silphidae in forensic ... [more ▼]

This review focuses on carrion beetles (Coleoptera, Silphidae) of the Western Palearctic and their potential use in forensic entomology as bioindicators. Few studies have looked at Silphidae in forensic context and investigations. However, some Silphidae present the desirable characteristics of some Diptera used in postmortem estimates and thus may extend the minimum postmortem interval (PMImin). We review here the taxonomy and distribution of Western Palearctic Silphidae. The anatomical and morphological characteristics of both subfamilies are described for adults and larvae. The biology and ecology of silphids are also summarized for Silphinae and Nicrophorinae. A specific chapter gives an overview of the current uses of Silphidae in forensic entomology as postmortem indicator. [less ▲]

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See detailLarge Changes In The Crac Segment Of Gp41 Of Hiv Do Not Destroy Fusion Activity If The Segment Interacts With Cholesterol
Vishwanathan, Sa.; Thomas, Annick ULg; Brasseur, Robert ULg et al

in Biochemistry (2008), 47(45),

The membrane-proximal external region (MPER) of the gp41 fusion protein of HIV is highly conserved among isolates of this virus and is considered a target for vaccine development. This region also appears ... [more ▼]

The membrane-proximal external region (MPER) of the gp41 fusion protein of HIV is highly conserved among isolates of this virus and is considered a target for vaccine development. This region also appears to play a role in membrane fusion as well as localization of the virus to cholesterol-rich domains in membranes. The carboxyl terminus of MPER has the sequence LWYIK and appears to have an important role in cholesterol interactions. We have tested how amino acid substitutions that would affect the conformational flexibility of this segment could alter its interaction with cholesterol. We studied a family of peptides (all peptides as N-acetyl-peptide amides) with P, G, or A substituting for W and I of the LWYIK sequence. The peptide having the greatest effect on cholesterol distribution in membranes was the most flexible one, LGYGK. The corresponding mutation in gp41 resulted in a protein retaining 72% of the fusion activity of the wild-type protein. Two other peptides were synthesized, also containing two Gly residues, GWGIK and LWGIG, and did not have the ability to sequester cholesterol as efficiently as LGYGK did. Making the corresponding mutants of gp41 showed that these other two double Gly substitutions resulted in proteins that were much less fusogenic, although they were equally well expressed at the cell surface. The study demonstrates that drastic changes can be made in the LWYIK segment with the retention of a significant fraction of the fusogenic activity, as long as the mutant proteins interact with cholesterol. [less ▲]

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See detailLarge colonial organisms with coordinated growth in oxygenated environments 2.1 Gyr ago
El Albani, Abder; Bengtson, Stefan; Canfield, Donald et al

in Nature (2010), 466

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See detailLarge current enhancement in n-MOSFETs with strained Si on insulator
Mantl, S.; Buca, D.; Zhao, Q. et al

in International Semiconductor Device Research Symposium, 2007 (2007)

As scaling of the critical transistor dimensions below 65 nm has been slowed down, the implementation of novel materials, especially high mobility channel materials is most attractive to boost the ... [more ▼]

As scaling of the critical transistor dimensions below 65 nm has been slowed down, the implementation of novel materials, especially high mobility channel materials is most attractive to boost the transistor performance. Applying strain to silicon has become a successful route. The electron mobility can be enhanced by biaxial strain introduced into Si by epitaxial growth of Si on a strain relaxed SiGe layer or by so called process induced methods applied directly on transistor level. The combination of strained Si and SOI is particularly promising due to the combination of the enhanced mobilities and the inherent advantages of SOI. First long channel n-MOSFETs with gate lengths of 5 to 50 mum and a 6.6 nm thick SiO2 gate dielectric were fabricated. For comparison, devices on unstrained SOI were made. The transfer characteristics of a fully depleted sSOI-MOSFET with a gate length of 5 mum and a gate width of 20 mum indicating an inverse sub-threshold slope of 75mV/dec. [less ▲]

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See detailLarge deformation FEMLIP drained analysis of a vertical cut
Cuomo, Sabatino; Prime, Noémie ULg; Iannone, Anna et al

in Acta Geotecnica (2012)

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See detailLarge deployable telescopes—also for lm-wavelengths?
Baier, Horst; Datashvili, Leri; Endler, Stephan et al

in CEAS Space Journal (2013), 5(3-4), 117-124

New demands for space and earth observations drive the need for large apertures of 10 m and higher in telescopes. This requires new types of alternative lightweight and deployable primary reflector or ... [more ▼]

New demands for space and earth observations drive the need for large apertures of 10 m and higher in telescopes. This requires new types of alternative lightweight and deployable primary reflector or lens concepts with aerial densities of\3 kg/m2. Some syntheses between optical and especially mechanical and material aspects for large planar photon sieves and non-imaging telescopes are discussed. Focus is put on large planar and highly perforated membranes for photon sieves and shell-membrane type deployable (parabolic) reflectors, respectively. The reflecting surface of the latter is composed of specific C-fiber reinforces silicone (CFRS) material. In addition to possible shape control, emphasis is also given to reflective coating of CFRS. Engineering challenges requiring future activities are identified. [less ▲]

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See detailLarge deviation spectra based on wavelet leaders
Bastin, Françoise ULg; Esser, Céline ULg; Jaffard, Stéphane ULg

E-print/Working paper (2014)

We introduce a new multifractal formalism, based on distributions of wavelet leaders, which allows to detect non-concave and decreasing multifractal spectra, and we investigate the properties of the ... [more ▼]

We introduce a new multifractal formalism, based on distributions of wavelet leaders, which allows to detect non-concave and decreasing multifractal spectra, and we investigate the properties of the associated function spaces. [less ▲]

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See detailLarge earthquakes Cycles in Lake Sediments along the North Anatolian Fault, Turkey
Boës, X.; Moran, S. B.; King, J. et al

in Journal of Paleolimnology (2009), (10.1007/s10933-009-9376-x),

In 1999, the large surface-rupturing earth- quakes of Izmit and Duzce completed a 60-year cycle that included a westward migration of nine consecutive large earthquake failures ([50 km surface rupture ... [more ▼]

In 1999, the large surface-rupturing earth- quakes of Izmit and Duzce completed a 60-year cycle that included a westward migration of nine consecutive large earthquake failures ([50 km surface rupture), which started with the 1939 Erzincan earthquake in eastern Turkey. In this study, we focused on seismic cycles and seismic risk predictability along the North Anatolian Fault (NAF). Toward the west end of the NAF (26°E–32°E, i.e. Bolu), large earthquake fre- quency is measured from either historic earthquake catalogs, or geologic records from isolated outcrops and marine sediment cores from the Marmara Sea. In comparison, the eastern part of the NAF zone (32°E– 42°E) is less well documented by palaeo-seismologic archives. Thus, the sediment records of lake basins located on the eastern NAF zone constitute a unique opportunity for testing a new palaeo-seismologic approach. To this end, we used a diverse array of complementary methods involving: (1) a 600-km transect of fault-related lakes, (2) sedimentologic observations on cores from six lakes, and (3) a comparison between records of catastrophic sediment transfers in lakes (i.e. radionuclide chronomarkers and erosion tracers) and historic earthquake reports. Our study indicates that lakes along the NAF are sensitive geologic recorders of large surface-rupturing earth- quakes (surface-wave magnitude (Ms) C 6.9); smaller intensities are not recorded. The most responsive lake systems exhibit increases in sediment accumulation by a factor of [40 for a [3-m strike-slip displacement (Ms C 7). However, based on results from the 1939 Erzincan earthquake (Ms = 7.8) chronostratigraphic marker, large surface-rupturing earthquakes are detected only by certain lake records and not by others. Matching multiple lake records along the NAF pro- vides information both on the location of a surface rupture of a paleo-earthquake as well as its magnitude. Finally, the shallow lake basins along the NAF could potentially document cycles of large seismic events for at least the late Holocene. [less ▲]

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See detailLarge Excess of Heavy Nitrogen in Both Hydrogen Cyanide and Cyanogen from Comet 17P/Holmes
Bockelée-Morvan, D.; Biver, N.; Jehin, Emmanuel ULg et al

in Astrophysical Journal (2008), 679(Letters), 49-52

From millimeter and optical observations of the Jupiter-family comet 17P/Holmes performed soon after its huge outburst of 2007 October 24, we derive [SUP]14[/SUP]N/[SUP]15[/SUP]N = 139 +/- 26 in HCN and ... [more ▼]

From millimeter and optical observations of the Jupiter-family comet 17P/Holmes performed soon after its huge outburst of 2007 October 24, we derive [SUP]14[/SUP]N/[SUP]15[/SUP]N = 139 +/- 26 in HCN and [SUP]14[/SUP]N/[SUP]15[/SUP]N = 165 +/- 40 in CN, establishing that HCN has the same nonterrestrial isotopic composition as CN. The same conclusion is obtained for the long-period comet C/1995 O1 (Hale-Bopp) after a reanalysis of previously published measurements. These results are compatible with HCN being the prime parent of CN in cometary atmospheres. The [SUP]15[/SUP]N excess relative to the Earth's atmospheric value indicates that N-bearing volatiles in the solar nebula underwent important N isotopic fractionation at some stage of solar system formation. HCN molecules never isotopically equilibrated with the main nitrogen reservoir in the solar nebula before being incorporated in Oort Cloud and Kuiper Belt comets. The [SUP]12[/SUP]C/[SUP]13[/SUP]C ratios in HCN and CN are measured to be consistent with the terrestrial value. [less ▲]

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See detailLarge group teaching: the distance learning solution?
Pasleau, Françoise ULg; Doseray, Patrick; Fairon, Nicolas ULg et al

Poster (2005, June)

Problem-based learning has been introduced at the University of Liège for four years now. The medical library was committed with the organisation of different activities (60 hours/2 years), starting with ... [more ▼]

Problem-based learning has been introduced at the University of Liège for four years now. The medical library was committed with the organisation of different activities (60 hours/2 years), starting with the control of basic computer litteracy, continuing with an analysis of the structure of the different document types used for scientific communication as well as the discovery of both traditional and electronic medical libraries, to end with guidelines for information retrieval. Such courses requested new approaches and several difficulties had to be taken into consideration including : 1. The transfer of skills rather than kowledge. Some theoretical bases have to be taught before practicing. But the students mostly need to be challenged with different situations requesting different approaches of litterature searching. 2. The course is given before the students feel the need of it. The librarians enconter the students during the first semester of the second year before the students are asked to search the medical litterature to build their own knowledge about clinical matters. 3. The absence of motivation. Second year medical students are focused on major courses in basic and preclinical sciences. 4. Large group teaching (n ≥ 300). All the sections of the medical Faculty are concerned. 5. Inadequate logistic support. Small sized computer rooms do not allow the organization of very many parallel hand-on sessions. 6. Insufficient teaching staffs. Distance learning tools were used to develope online activities complementary to face to face teaching. They are focused on practice. Links to the theory are provided but only when they are indispensable. Many quizzes are also proposed in order to trigger critical mind and auto-evaluation. By January 2005, a first cycle will be completed from the beginning of the course to the final examination. We plan to survey students from every section in order to evaluate the impact of this new teaching strategy. Their observations will be reported as well as our conclusions and suggestions for possible improvements. [less ▲]

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See detailLarge Margin Classification with the Progressive Hedging Algorithm
Defourny, Boris ULg; Wehenkel, Louis ULg

Conference (2009, December)

Several learning algorithms in classification and structured prediction are formulated as large scale optimization problems. We show that a generic iterative reformulation and resolving strategy based on ... [more ▼]

Several learning algorithms in classification and structured prediction are formulated as large scale optimization problems. We show that a generic iterative reformulation and resolving strategy based on the progressive hedging algorithm from stochastic programming results in a highly parallel algorithm when applied to the large margin classification problem with nonlinear kernels. We also underline promising aspects of the available analysis of progressive hedging strategies. [less ▲]

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See detailLarge N(c) QCD versus quark model
Semay, Claude; Buisseret, Fabien; Stancu, Floarea ULg et al

in Few-Body Systems (2008), 44

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See detailLarge Nc baryons and Regge trajectories
Matagne, Nicolas; Stancu, Floarea ULg

in Bled Workshops in Physics (2013, November), 14(1), 37-42

The mixed symmetric positive and negative parity baryons are described in a similar way in the $1/N_c$ expansion method of QCD by using a procedure where the permutation symmetry is incorporated exactly ... [more ▼]

The mixed symmetric positive and negative parity baryons are described in a similar way in the $1/N_c$ expansion method of QCD by using a procedure where the permutation symmetry is incorporated exactly. This allows to express the mass formula in terms of a small number of linearly independent operators. We show that the leading term follows a different Regge trajectory from that found for symmetric states, when plotted as a function of the band number $N$. [less ▲]

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See detailLARGE ORGANIC-WALLED MICROFOSSILS IN MESOARCHEAN SHALLOW-MARINE SILICICLASTIC DEPOSITS
Javaux, Emmanuelle ULg; Marshall, Craig; Bekker, Andrey

Conference (2010, June)

Detailed reference viewed: 20 (2 ULg)