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See detailThe anti-epileptic drug levetiracetam reverses the inhibition by negative allosteric modulators of neuronal GABA- and glycine-gated currents
Rigo, Jean-Michel; Hans, Grégory ULg; Nguyen, Laurent ULg et al

in British Journal of Pharmacology (2002), 136(5), 659-672

1 In this study in vitro and in vivo approaches were combined in order to investigate if the anti-epileptic mechanism(s) of action of levetiracetam (LEV; Keppra(R)) may involve modulation of inhibitory ... [more ▼]

1 In this study in vitro and in vivo approaches were combined in order to investigate if the anti-epileptic mechanism(s) of action of levetiracetam (LEV; Keppra(R)) may involve modulation of inhibitory neurotransmission. 2 GABA- and glycine-gated currents were studied in vitro using whole-cell patch-clamp techniques applied on cultured cerebellar granule, hippocampal and spinal neurons. Protection against clonic convulsions was assessed in vivo in sound-susceptible mice. The effect of LEV was compared with reference anti-epileptic drugs (AEDs): carbamazepine, phenytoin, valproate, clonazepam, phenobarbital and ethosuximide. 3 LEV contrasted the reference AEDs by an absence of any direct effect on glycine-gated currents. At high concentrations, beyond therapeutic relevance, it induced a small reduction in the peak amplitude and a prolongation of the decay phase of GABA-gated currents. A similar action on GABA-elicited currents was observed with the reference AEDs, except ethosuximide. 4 These minor direct effects contrasted with a potent ability of LEV (EC50 = 1-10 muM) to reverse the inhibitory effects of the negative allosteric modulators zinc and beta-carbolines on both GABA(A) and glycine receptor-mediated responses. 5 Clonazepam, phenobarbital and valproate showed a similar ability to reverse the inhibition of beta-carbolines on GABA-gated currents. Blockade of zinc inhibition of GABA responses was observed with clonazepam and ethosuximide. Phenytoin was the only AED together with LEV that inhibited the antagonism of zinc on glycine-gated currents and only clonazepam and phenobarbital inhibited the action of DMCM. 6 LEV (17 mg kg(-1)) produced a potent suppression of sound-induced clonic convulsions in mice. This protective effect was significantly abolished by co-administration of the beta-carboline FG 7142, from a dose of 5 mg kg(-1). In contrast, the benzodiazepine receptor antagonist flumazenil (up to 10 mg kg(-1)) was without any effect on the protection afforded by LEV. 7 The results of the present study suggest that a novel ability to oppose the action of negative modulators on the two main inhibitory ionotropic receptors may be of relevance for the anti-epileptic mechanism(s) of action of LEV. [less ▲]

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See detailAnti-fungal therapy Workshop: efficacy of commercial vaccines (Dermatophytosis)
Mignon, Bernard ULg

in Advances in Veterinary Dermatology (2005)

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See detailAnti-GBM antibodies from patients with Goodpasture Syndrome react with the NC1 domain of recombinant alpha3 (IV) and alpha4 (IV) collagen chains
Dehan, Pierre ULg; Weber, M.; Reeders, S. et al

in Journal of the American Society of Nephrology [=JASN] (1993), 4

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See detailAnti-Hemostatic Effects Of A Serpin From The Saliva Of The Tick Ixodes Ricinus
Prevot, Pp.; Adam, B.; Boudjeltia, Kz. et al

in Journal of Biological Chemistry (2006), 281(36), 26361-9

Serpins (serine protease inhibitors) are a large family of structurally related proteins found in a wide variety of organisms, including hematophagous arthropods. Protein analyses revealed that Iris ... [more ▼]

Serpins (serine protease inhibitors) are a large family of structurally related proteins found in a wide variety of organisms, including hematophagous arthropods. Protein analyses revealed that Iris, previously described as an immunomodulator secreted in the tick saliva, is related to the leukocyte elastase inhibitor and possesses serpin motifs, including the reactive center loop (RCL), which is involved in the interaction between serpins and serine proteases. Only serine proteases were inhibited by purified recombinant Iris (rIris), whereas mutants L339A and A332P were found devoid of any protease inhibitory activity. The highest Ka was observed with human leukocyte-elastase, suggesting that elastase-like proteases are the natural targets of Iris. In addition, mutation M340R completely changed both Iris substrate specificity and affinity. This likely identified Met-340 as amino acid P1 in the RCL. The effects of rIris and its mutants were also tested on primary hemostasis, blood clotting, and fibrinolysis. rIris increased platelet adhesion, the contact phase-activated pathway of coagulation, and fibrinolysis times in a dose-dependent manner, whereas rIris mutant L339A affected only platelet adhesion. Taken together, these results indicate that Iris disrupts coagulation and fibrinolysis via the anti-proteolytic RCL domain. One or more other domains could be responsible for primary hemostasis inhibition. To our knowledge, this is the first ectoparasite serpin that interferes with both hemostasis and the immune response. [less ▲]

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See detailAnti-HPV vaccination : perspectives and potential consequences for the screening of cervical cancer
Delvenne, Philippe ULg

in Annales de Pathologie (2006), 26(Sp. Iss. 1), 41-42

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See detailAnti-Ia treatment prevents lupus-like autoimmune syndrome in mice neonatally tolerized to alloantigens.
Kramar, G.; Schurmans, Stéphane ULg; Aguado, T. et al

in Journal of Autoimmunity (1993), 1

Neonatal injection of semi-allogeneic F1 spleen cells into newborn parental mice results in induction of tolerance to the corresponding class I alloantigen and chimerism. This state of tolerance is ... [more ▼]

Neonatal injection of semi-allogeneic F1 spleen cells into newborn parental mice results in induction of tolerance to the corresponding class I alloantigen and chimerism. This state of tolerance is associated with the development of a transient lupus-like autoimmune syndrome. Previous experiments performed in our laboratories have shown that host CD4+ T lymphocytes and donor B cells persist in the host and are essential in triggering the autoimmune syndrome observed in neonatally tolerized mice. In this study, we show that early treatment of tolerized mice with anti-donor MHC class II mAb totally prevents the lupus-like syndrome. Moreover, delayed treatment significantly decreases, but to a lesser extent, autoimmune pathological features in tolerized mice. Taken together, these results show that lupus-like autoimmune syndrome developed by neonatally tolerized mice is efficiently prevented by anti-Ia treatment without interfering with the induction of tolerance [less ▲]

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See detailAnti-IgE: a significant breakthrough in the treatment of airway allergic diseases
Louis, Renaud ULg

in Allergy (2004), 59(7), 698-700

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See detailLes anti-inflammatoires non stéroïdiens
Malaise, Michel ULg

in Revue Médicale de Liège (1996), 51(1), 123-125

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See detailAnti-inflammatory agents to treat or prevent type 2 diabetes, metabolic syndrome and cardiovascular disease.
Esser, Nathalie ULg; Paquot, Nicolas ULg; Scheen, André ULg

in Expert opinion on investigational drugs (2015), 24(3), 283-307

Introduction: There is a growing body of evidence to suggest that chronic silent inflammation is a key feature in abdominal obesity, metabolic syndrome, type 2 diabetes (T2DM) and cardiovascular disease ... [more ▼]

Introduction: There is a growing body of evidence to suggest that chronic silent inflammation is a key feature in abdominal obesity, metabolic syndrome, type 2 diabetes (T2DM) and cardiovascular disease (CVD). These observations suggest that pharmacological strategies, which reduce inflammation, may be therapeutically useful in treating obesity, type 2 diabetes and associated CVD. Area covered: The article covers novel strategies, using either small molecules or monoclonal antibodies. These strategies include: approaches targeting IKK-b-NF-kB (salicylates, salsalate), TNF-alpha (etanercept, infliximab, adalimumab), IL-1beta (anakinra, canakinumab) and IL-6 (tocilizumab), AMP-activated protein kinase activators, sirtuin-1 activators, mammalian target of rapamycin inhibitors and C-C motif chemokine receptor 2 antagonists. Expert opinion: The available data supports the concept that targeting inflammation improves insulin sensitivity and beta-cell function; it also ameliorates glucose control in insulin-resistant patients with inflammatory rheumatoid diseases as well in patients with metabolic syndrome or T2DM. Although promising, the observed metabolic effects remain rather modest in most clinical trials. The potential use of combined anti-inflammatory agents targeting both insulin resistance and insulin secretion appears appealing but remains unexplored. Large-scale prospective clinical trials are underway to investigate the safety and efficacy of different anti-inflammatory drugs. Further evidence is needed to support the concept that targeting inflammation pathways may represent a valuable option to tackle the cardiometabolic complications of obesity. [less ▲]

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See detailAnti-inflammatory and anti-oxidative feed ingredients
Lekeux, Pierre ULg; de Moffarts

in Lindner, A. (Ed.) Applied Equine Nutrition, Equine Nutrition Conference (ENUCO) (2005)

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See detailAnti-inflammatory and chondroprotective activity of prodelphinidins isolated from Ribes nigrum leaves.
Tits, Monique ULg; de Leval, Xavier; Diercksens, Yves et al

Poster (2000)

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See detailAnti-Inflammatory and Immunological Effects of Centaurea Cyanus Flower-Heads
Garbacki, Nancy ULg; Gloaguen, Vincent; Damas, Jacques ULg et al

in Journal of Ethnopharmacology (1999), 68(1-3), 235-41

Centaurea cyanus flower-heads are used in European phytotherapy for the treatment of minor ocular inflammations. Different pharmacological experiments (inhibition of carrageenan, zymosan and croton oil ... [more ▼]

Centaurea cyanus flower-heads are used in European phytotherapy for the treatment of minor ocular inflammations. Different pharmacological experiments (inhibition of carrageenan, zymosan and croton oil-induced oedemas, inhibition of plasma haemolytic activity, induction of anaphylatoxin activity) showed that polysaccharides extracted from C. cyanus flower-heads had anti-inflammatory properties and interfered with complement. Moreover, these polysaccharides were found to be mainly composed of galacturonic acid, arabinose, glucose, rhamnose and galactose. [less ▲]

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See detailAnti-inflammatory effect of natural proanthocyanidins: pharmacological evaluation on in vivo models.
Garbacki, Nancy ULg; Tits, Monique ULg; Damas, Jacques ULg

in Pflügers Archiv : European Journal of Physiology (2003), 446

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See detailAnti-inflammatory effects of Centaurea cyanus (Asteraceae) flower-heads.
Garbacki, Nancy ULg; Gloaguen, Vincent; Damas, Jacques ULg et al

Poster (2001)

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See detailAnti-inflammatory effects of formoterol and ipratropium bromide against acute cadmium-induced pulmonary inflammation in rats.
Zhang, W.; Fievez, Laurence ULg; Cheu, Esteban ULg et al

in European Journal of Pharmacology (2010), 628(1-3), 171-178

In this study, the anti-inflammatory properties of formoterol and ipratropium bromide, alone or in combination, were investigated in a rat model of acute pulmonary inflammation induced by cadmium ... [more ▼]

In this study, the anti-inflammatory properties of formoterol and ipratropium bromide, alone or in combination, were investigated in a rat model of acute pulmonary inflammation induced by cadmium inhalation. Airway resistance and inflammatory responses, including matrix metalloproteinease-2 (MMP-2) and matrix metalloproteinease-9 (MMP-9) activities, were evaluated. Compared to values obtained in rats exposed to cadmium, pretreatment by bronchodilators administered alone significantly prevented the cadmium-induced increase of airway resistance. Formoterol elicited a significant decrease in total cell number, neutrophil and macrophage counts in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid, whereas ipratropium bromide reduced neutrophil numbers. The two compounds administered alone significantly attenuated the lung lesions associated with parenchyma inflammatory cell influx and congestion observed in the cadmium group. The increased MMP-9 activity was significantly attenuated. Although only formoterol induced a decrease protein concentration in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid, both compounds inhibited the pulmonary edema by reducing wet-to-dry weight ratio which returned to values similar to those recorded in the sham group. All the effects of formoterol on the cadmium-induced inflammatory responses were reversed by propranolol. Similar anti-inflammatory effects were obtained in rats pretreated with ilomastat which showed a significant reduction on inflammatory cell infiltration and MMP-9 activity in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid. Neither synergistic nor additive effects were obtained when the two bronchodilators were administered in combination. In conclusion, formoterol and ipratropium bromide partially protect the lungs against the inflammation by reducing neutrophilic infiltration. This protective effect is associated with reduced MMP-9 activity known to play an important pro-inflammatory role in acute inflammatory process. [less ▲]

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See detailAnti-inflammatory effects of formoterol in rats after a single dose inhalation of nebulized cadmium
Zhang, W. H.; Fievez, Laurence ULg; Cheu, Esteban ULg et al

in Fundamental & Clinical Pharmacology (2007), 74

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See detailAnti-inflammatory effects of ipratropium bromide in rats with cadmium-induced acute pulmonary inflammation
Zhang, W.; Fievez, Laurence ULg; Cheu, Esteban ULg et al

in Proceedings of the 12th Annual Meeting of the French Society of Pharmacology and Therapeutics (2008)

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See detailAnti-inflammatory effects of ipratropium bromide in rats with cadmium-induced acute pulmonary inflammation
Zhang, Yinghong ULg; Fievez, Laurence ULg; Cheu, Esteban ULg et al

in Fundamental & Clinical Pharmacology (2008), 22(1), 7

Detailed reference viewed: 54 (3 ULg)