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See detailLow-amplitude rotational modulation rather than pulsations in the CoRoT B-type supergiant HD 46769
Aerts, C.; Simón-Díaz, S.; Catala, C. et al

in Astronomy and Astrophysics (2013), 557

<BR /> Aims: We aim to detect and interpret photometric and spectroscopic variability of the bright CoRoT B-type supergiant target HD 46769 (V = 5.79). We also attempt to detect a magnetic field in the ... [more ▼]

<BR /> Aims: We aim to detect and interpret photometric and spectroscopic variability of the bright CoRoT B-type supergiant target HD 46769 (V = 5.79). We also attempt to detect a magnetic field in the target. <BR /> Methods: We analyse a 23-day oversampled CoRoT light curve after detrending and spectroscopic follow-up data using standard Fourier analysis and phase dispersion minimization methods. We determine the fundamental parameters of the star, as well as its abundances from the most prominent spectral lines. We perform a Monte Carlo analysis of spectropolarimetric data to obtain an upper limit of the polar magnetic field, assuming a dipole field. <BR /> Results: In the CoRoT data, we detect a dominant period of 4.84 d with an amplitude of 87 ppm and some of its (sub-)multiples. Given the shape of the phase-folded light curve and the absence of binary motion, we interpret the dominant variability in terms of rotational modulation, with a rotation period of 9.69 d. Subtraction of the rotational modulation signal does not reveal any sign of pulsations. Our results are consistent with the absence of variability in the Hipparcos light curve. The spectroscopy leads to a projected rotational velocity of 72 ± 2 km s[SUP]-1[/SUP] and does not reveal periodic variability or the need to invoke macroturbulent line broadening. No signature of a magnetic field is detected in our data. A field stronger than ~500 G at the poles can be excluded, unless the possible non-detected field were more complex than dipolar. <BR /> Conclusions: The absence of pulsations and macroturbulence of this evolved B-type supergiant is placed into the context of instability computations and of observed variability of evolved B-type stars. Based on CoRoT space-based photometric data; the CoRoT space mission was developed and operated by the French space agency CNES, with the participation of ESA's RSSD and Science Programmes, Austria, Belgium, Brazil, Germany, and Spain. Based on observations collected at La Silla Observatory, ESO (Chile) with the HARPS spectrograph at the 3.6 m telescope, under programme LP185.D-0056. Based on observations obtained with the HERMES spectrograph attached to the 1.2 m Mercator telescope, which is supported by the Fund for Scientific Research of Flanders (FWO), Belgium, the Research Council of KU Leuven, Belgium, the Fonds National de la Recherche Scientific (FNRS), Belgium, the Royal Observatory of Belgium, the Observatoire de Genève, Switzerland, and the Thüringer Landessternwarte Tautenburg, Germany. Based on observations obtained with the Narval spectropolarimeter at the Observatoire du Pic du Midi (France), which is operated by the Institut National des Sciences de l'Univers (INSU). [less ▲]

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See detailLow-back pain in nurses: controversial figures
Mairiaux, Philippe ULg

in Journal of Occupational Medicine (1986), 28(6), 461

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See detailA low-cost, multiplexable, automated flow cytometry procedure for the characterization of microbial stress dynamics in bioreactors
Brognaux, Alison ULg; Han, Shanshan; Sorensen, Soren J et al

in Microbial Cell Factories (2013), 12(100), 1-14

Background Microbial cell population heterogeneity is now recognized as a major source of issues in the development and optimization of bioprocesses. Even if single cell technologies are available for the ... [more ▼]

Background Microbial cell population heterogeneity is now recognized as a major source of issues in the development and optimization of bioprocesses. Even if single cell technologies are available for the study of microbial population heterogeneity, only a few of these methods are available in order to study the dynamics of segregation directly in bioreactors. In this context, specific interfaces have been developed in order to connect a flow cytometer directly to a bioreactor for automated analyses. In this work, we propose a simplified version of such an interface and demonstrate its usefulness for multiplexed experiments.Results A low-cost automated flow cytometer has been used in order to monitor the synthesis of a destabilized Green Fluorescent Protein (GFP) under the regulation of the fis promoter and propidium iodide (PI) uptake. The results obtained showed that the dynamics of GFP synthesis are complex and can be attributed to a complex set of biological parameters, i.e. on the one hand the release of protein into the extracellular medium and its uptake modifying the activity of the fis promoter, and on the other hand the stability of the GFP molecule itself, which can be attributed to the protease content and energy status of the cells. In this respect, multiplexed experiments have shown a correlation between heat shock and ATP content and the stability of the reporter molecule. Conclusion This work demonstrates that a simplified version of on-line FC can be used at the process level or in a multiplexed version to investigate the dynamics of complex physiological mechanisms. In this respect, the determination of new on-line parameters derived from automated FC is of primary importance in order to fully integrate the power of FC in dedicated feedback control loops. [less ▲]

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See detailLow-Density Structures in the Local Universe. II. Nearby Cosmic Voids
Elyiv, Andrii ULg; Karachentsev, I.D.; Karachentseva, V.E. et al

in Astrophysical Bulletin (2013), 68

We present the results of the search for spherical volumes containing no galaxies with luminosities brighter than the Magellanic Clouds in the Local Supercluster and its vicinity. Within a distance of 40 ... [more ▼]

We present the results of the search for spherical volumes containing no galaxies with luminosities brighter than the Magellanic Clouds in the Local Supercluster and its vicinity. Within a distance of 40 Mpc from us, 89 cosmic voids were discovered with the diameters of 24 to 12 Mpc, containing no galaxies with absolute magnitudes brighter than M_K < -18.4. A list of these voids and the sky distribution maps are given. It was found that 93% of spherical voids overlap, forming three more extended percolated voids (hypervoids). The largest of them, HV1, has 56 initial spherical cells and extends in a horseshoe shape, enveloping the Local Volume and the Virgo cluster. The Local Void (Tully, 1988) in the Hercules-Aquila region is the closest part of the HV1. Another hypervoid, HV2, contains 22 spherical voids in the Eridanus constellation, and the third compact hypervoid (HV3) comprises 6 spherical cells in the Bootes. The total volume of these voids incorporates about 30% of the Local Universe. Among 2906 dwarf galaxies excluded from the original sample (n = 10502) in the search for spherical volumes, only 68 are located in the voids we have discovered. They are characterized by late morphological types (85% are Ir, Im, BCD, Sm), absolute magnitudes M_B ranging from -13.0 to -16.7, moderate star formation rates (log SSFR ~ -10 M_sun/(yr*L_sun) and gas reserves per luminosity unit twice to three times larger than in the other dwarf galaxies located in normal environments. The dwarf population of the voids shows a certain tendency to sit shallow near the surfaces of cosmic voids. [less ▲]

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See detailLow-dose methotrexate: an effective corticosteroid-sparing agent in the musculoskeletal manifestations of sarcoidosis
Kaye, O.; Palazzo, E.; Grossin, M. et al

in British Journal of Rheumatology (1995), 34(7), 642-644

Extrapulmonary sarcoidosis, and particularly the presence of musculoskeletal complications of the disease, may require chronic corticosteroid therapy. In five patients with biopsy-proven sarcoidosis and ... [more ▼]

Extrapulmonary sarcoidosis, and particularly the presence of musculoskeletal complications of the disease, may require chronic corticosteroid therapy. In five patients with biopsy-proven sarcoidosis and presenting recalcitrant forms of the disease, we introduced low-dose oral methotrexate (MTX) [10 mg/week (7.5-15)] for 30 months (16-34) to control the clinical and biological symptoms as well as to try to reduce the intolerated steroid posology. Beneficial effects were observed within 8-12 weeks in all patients, which allowed a reduction of 59% (35-75) of the corticosteroid posology, and maintained with a follow-up of 3 yr in 4/5 patients. No significant toxicity was observed. MTX appears to be an efficient, safe and corticosteroid-sparing therapeutic agent for the treatment of recalcitrant musculoskeletal manifestations of sarcoidosis. [less ▲]

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See detailLow-energy social housings Marchin (BE): A case study revisited
Desmecht, James; Dupagne, Albert ULg; Hauglustaine, Jean-Marie ULg et al

in Maldonado, Eduardo; Yannas, Simos (Eds.) Environmentally Friendly Cities (1998, June)

In, 1997, the LEMA research team revisited 20 house settlement of Marchin. It was to assess the houses performances 15 years after their construction, and check the possible interactions between "energy ... [more ▼]

In, 1997, the LEMA research team revisited 20 house settlement of Marchin. It was to assess the houses performances 15 years after their construction, and check the possible interactions between "energy-conscious design" and social factors. This paper briefly exposes the results of this recent reassessment, in the light of the project requirements, design options and design methodology. It indicates that careful design may guarantee, for quite long periods of time, both robustness and affordability of "energy-conscious" housings. [less ▲]

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See detailLow-field magnetoresistance in La0.7Ca0.3MnO3 manganite compounds prepared by the spray drying technique
Vertruyen, Bénédicte ULg; Rulmont, André ULg; Cloots, Rudi ULg et al

in Journal of Materials Science (2005), 40(1), 117-122

Calcium-substituted lanthanum manganite compounds were synthesized by the spray drying technique. This method - whose main advantages are versatility, high reproducibility and scalability - yields small ... [more ▼]

Calcium-substituted lanthanum manganite compounds were synthesized by the spray drying technique. This method - whose main advantages are versatility, high reproducibility and scalability - yields small grain materials of high homogeneity and displaying low-field magnetoresistance effects. We report about the physical and chemical characterizations of these samples in order to investigate the potential interest of spray drying for the production of materials for low-field magnetoresistance applications. We have studied the dependence of the low-field magnetoresistance on the temperature and duration of the thermal treatment applied to the pelletized powders. The issue of the shape anisotropy (demagnetisation effects) influence on the magnetoresistance properties has also been dealt with. (C) 2005 Springer Science + Business Media, Inc. [less ▲]

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See detailLow-Flow, Low-Gradient Severe Aortic Stenosis Despite Normal Ejection Fraction Is Associated With Severe Left Ventricular Dysfunction as Assessed by Speckle-Tracking Echocardiography: A Multicenter Study.
Adda, J.; Mielot, C.; Giorgi, R. et al

in Circulation: cardiovascular imaging (2012)

Background- Low-flow low-gradient (LFLG) is sometimes observed in severe aortic stenosis (AS) despite normal ejection fraction, but its frequency and mechanisms are still debated. We aimed to describe the ... [more ▼]

Background- Low-flow low-gradient (LFLG) is sometimes observed in severe aortic stenosis (AS) despite normal ejection fraction, but its frequency and mechanisms are still debated. We aimed to describe the characteristics of patients with LFLG AS and assess the presence of longitudinal left ventricular dysfunction in these patients. Methods and Results- In a multicenter prospective study, 340 consecutive patients with severe AS and normal ejection fraction were studied. Longitudinal left ventricular function was assessed by 2D-strain and global afterload by valvulo-arterial impedance. Patients were classified according to flow and gradient: low flow was defined as a stroke volume index ≤35 mL/m(2), low gradient as a mean gradient ≤40 mm Hg. Most patients (n=258, 75.9%) presented with high-gradient AS, and 82 patients (24.1%) with low-gradient AS. Among the latter, 52 (15.3%) presented with normal flow and low gradient and 30 (8.8%) with LFLG. As compared with normal flow and low gradient, patients with LFLG had more severe AS (aortic valve area=0.7±0.12 cm(2) versus 0.86±0.14 cm(2)), higher valvulo-arterial impedance (5.5±1.1 versus 4±0.8 mm Hg/mL/m(2)), and worse longitudinal left ventricular function (basal longitudinal strain=-11.6±3.4 versus -14.8±3%; P<0.001 for all). Conclusions- LFLG AS is observed in 9% of patients with severe AS and normal ejection fraction and is associated with high global afterload and reduced longitudinal systolic function. Patients with normal-flow low-gradient AS are more frequent and present with less severe AS, normal afterload, and less severe longitudinal dysfunction. Severe left ventricular longitudinal dysfunction is a new explanation to the concept of LFLG AS. [less ▲]

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See detailLow-frequency coherent fluctuations in BOLD activity: a preliminary report
Garraux, Gaëtan ULg; Guido, Nolte; Mark, Hallett

Poster (2004)

Background Low frequency (<0.1Hz) fluctuations originating from blood flow and oxygenation have been observed in the brain by different groups (Golanov et al. 1994; Biswal.et al. 1995). The goal of this ... [more ▼]

Background Low frequency (<0.1Hz) fluctuations originating from blood flow and oxygenation have been observed in the brain by different groups (Golanov et al. 1994; Biswal.et al. 1995). The goal of this study was to use BOLD fMRI to characterize coherent fluctuations in those low frequencies between spatially distant brain regions. Methods Thirteen right-handed subjects were studied using blocked-design BOLD fMRI at rest and as they performed sequential finger movements at a slow rate (~0.5 Hz) with their right hand. Serial acquisitions of EPI images were obtained at 3T using a single-shot 2D gradient-echo echo-planar imaging sequence. Data were processed and analyzed using standard procedures implemented in the statistical parametric mapping software (SPM2). Temporal profile of brain activity in 6 predefined regions (left S1M1, right S1M1, SMA, left thalamus, right cerebellum and CSF) were extracted on a subject-by-subject basis using the VOI tool in SPM2. After deconvolution (Gitelman et al. 2003), time series data representing movement and resting conditions were concatenated to create 2 within-condition time-series. After subtracting the mean over all epochs from each epoch, the (complex) coherency was calculated in the 5 lowest frequency bins with a frequency resolution of 1/17.5Hz (0, 0.05, 0.11, 0.17, 0.23 Hz). Real and imaginary parts of coherency, representing correlation and correlation of phase-shifted signals, respectively, were analyzed separately. Coherency was computed independently for each region pairs and each subject. Significance was defined as p<0.05 Bonferroni corrected for multiple comparisons. Results The main finding was the presence of coherent fluctuations in BOLD signal mainly in the lowest frequencies for (almost) all regions. The real part of coherency was equally pronounced during the movement and rest conditions. The only exception was a larger coherence during rest than during the task condition in the lowest frequencies between left and right S1M1. We could not find any significant imaginary part of coherency indicating that the time delays between dependent neural activations are negligible compared to the inverse frequencies under study. Partialling out the data in any of the regions did not have any significant impact on coherence map. Importantly, there was no evidence of coherent activity between any of the brain regions and CSF in any of the frequency bands. Discussion BOLD signal recorded during different behavioral steady-states showed very similar coherent fluctuations for all regions pairs studied mainly in the lowest frequencies. Those results are in good agreement with electrophysiological recordings in monkeys in which high coherence in band-limited power of local field potential signals have been reported at very low frequencies (<0.1Hz) (Leopold et al. 2003). In that study, coherence patterns were also highly similar under distinctly different behavioral states. Task-independent coherence in lower frequencies may be related to whole brain slow synchronous oscillations whose significance remains to be elucidated. References Golanov et al. (1994). Am J Physiol. 266; R204-214. Biswal et al. (1995). Magn Reson Med. 34; 537-541. Gitelman et al. (2003). NeuroImage. 19; 200-207. Leopold. et al. (2003). Cereb Cortex. 13; 422-433. [less ▲]

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See detailLow-order local modelling of structural nonlinearities
Noël, Jean-Philippe ULg; Kerschen, Gaëtan ULg

in Proceedings of the XVIIIth Symposium on Vibrations, shocks and noise (VCB 2012) (2012, July)

The present paper addresses the problem of characterising structural nonlinearities in view of system identification. A low-order local modelling strategy is proposed and encapsulated in a recently ... [more ▼]

The present paper addresses the problem of characterising structural nonlinearities in view of system identification. A low-order local modelling strategy is proposed and encapsulated in a recently-introduced frequency-domain nonlinear subspace method for the estimation of model parameters. The complete methodology is first demonstrated using two academic examples, namely a Duffing oscillator and a five-degree-of-freedom system comprising two nonlinearities. The identification of an experimental beam involving nonlinear geometrical behaviour is finally addressed. [less ▲]

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See detailLow-productive alpha-herpesviridae infection in chronic lichenoid dermatoses
Nikkels, Arjen ULg; Sadzot-Delvaux, Catherine ULg; Rentier, Bernard ULg et al

in Dermatology : International Journal for Clinical & Investigative Dermatology (1998), 196(4), 442-446

BACKGROUND: Herpes simplex virus (HSV) and Varicella-zoster virus (VZV) are responsible for various atypical mucocutaneous manifestations in the immunosuppressed population. One of the causative ... [more ▼]

BACKGROUND: Herpes simplex virus (HSV) and Varicella-zoster virus (VZV) are responsible for various atypical mucocutaneous manifestations in the immunosuppressed population. One of the causative pathomechanisms suggests an altered virus-host cell relationship. OBJECTIVE/METHODS: This report investigates by histology, immunohistochemistry and in situ hybridization the histological and virological features of 6 protracted, indolent HSV infections and 2 prolonged zoster infections. RESULTS: Histopathology revealed a lichenoid dermatitis in all patients. Specific HSV-1, HSV-2 and VZV in situ hybridization proved the viral origin of the cutaneous lesions. Immunohistochemical assessment demonstrated the intracellular presence of the HSV glycoproteins gB, gC and gD in epidermal keratinocytes which did not exhibit cytolysis. Similar findings were obtained for the VZV gE and gB. CONCLUSION: These results suggest that in some instances HSV and VZV infections may present a protracted disease course associated with a lichenoid inflammatory pattern and a non-cytolytic virus-host cell relationship. [less ▲]

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See detailLow-rank optimization for distance matrix completion
Mishra, Bamdev ULg; Meyer, Gilles ULg; Sepulchre, Rodolphe ULg

in Proceedings of the 50th IEEE Conference on Decision and Control (2011, December)

This paper addresses the problem of low-rank distance matrix completion. This problem amounts to recover the missing entries of a distance matrix when the dimension of the data embedding space is possibly ... [more ▼]

This paper addresses the problem of low-rank distance matrix completion. This problem amounts to recover the missing entries of a distance matrix when the dimension of the data embedding space is possibly unknown but small compared to the number of considered data points. The focus is on high-dimensional problems. We recast the considered problem into an optimization problem over the set of low-rank positive semidefinite matrices and propose two efficient algorithms for low-rank distance matrix completion. In addition, we propose a strategy to determine the dimension of the embedding space. The resulting algorithms scale to high-dimensional problems and monotonically converge to a global solution of the problem. Finally, numerical experiments illustrate the good performance of the proposed algorithms on benchmarks. [less ▲]

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See detailLow-rank optimization on the cone of positive semidefinite matrices
Journee, Michel ULg; Bach, F.; Absil, P.-A. et al

in SIAM Journal on Optimization (2010), 20(5)

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See detailLow-rank optimization with trace norm penalty
Mishra, Bamdev ULg; Meyer, Gilles ULg; Bach, Francis et al

E-print/Working paper (2012)

The paper addresses the problem of low-rank trace norm minimization. We propose an algorithm that alternates between fixed-rank optimization and rank-one updates. The fixed-rank optimization is ... [more ▼]

The paper addresses the problem of low-rank trace norm minimization. We propose an algorithm that alternates between fixed-rank optimization and rank-one updates. The fixed-rank optimization is characterized by an efficient factorization that makes the trace norm differentiable in the search space and the computation of duality gap numerically tractable. The search space is nonlinear but is equipped with a particular Riemannian structure that leads to efficient computations. We present a second-order trust-region algorithm with a guaranteed quadratic rate of convergence. Overall, the proposed optimization scheme converges super-linearly to the global solution while still maintaining complexity that is linear in the number of rows of the matrix. To compute a set of solutions efficiently for a grid of regularization parameters we propose a predictor-corrector approach on the quotient manifold that outperforms the naive warm-restart approach. The performance of the proposed algorithm is illustrated on problems of low-rank matrix completion and multivariate linear regression. [less ▲]

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See detailLow-temperature chemical vapor deposition of highly-doped n-type epitaxial Si at high growth rate
Nguyen, Ngoc Duy ULg; Loo, Roger; Caymax, Matty

Conference (2007)

We investigated the growth of in-situ n-type doped epitaxial Si layers with arsenic and phosphorus by means of low-temperature chemical vapor deposition using trisilane as Si-precursor. Indeed, in order ... [more ▼]

We investigated the growth of in-situ n-type doped epitaxial Si layers with arsenic and phosphorus by means of low-temperature chemical vapor deposition using trisilane as Si-precursor. Indeed, in order to prevent the alteration of the characteristics of the devices which are already present on the wafer, an epitaxy process at low temperature is highly desired for applications such as BiCMOS. In this work, the varying parameters are the deposition temperature, the Si-precursor mass flow and the dopant gas flow. As a result, a process for the deposition of heavily doped epilayers was demonstrated at 600 °C with high deposition rate, which is important for maintaining high throughput and low process cost. We showed that using trisilane as a Si-precursor resulted in a much more linear n-type doping behavior than using dichlorosilane. Therefore it allowed an easier process control and a wider dynamic doping range. Our process is an interesting route for the epitaxy of a low-resistance emitter layer for bipolar transistor application. [less ▲]

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See detailLow-temperature epitaxy of highly-doped n-type Si at high growth rate by chemical vapor deposition for bipolar transistor application
Nguyen, Ngoc Duy ULg; Loo, Roger; Caymax, Matty

in Applied Surface Science (2008), 264

We investigated the growth of in-situ n-type doped epitaxial Si layers with arsenic and phosphorus by means of low-temperature chemical vapor deposition using trisilane as Si-precursor. Indeed, in order ... [more ▼]

We investigated the growth of in-situ n-type doped epitaxial Si layers with arsenic and phosphorus by means of low-temperature chemical vapor deposition using trisilane as Si-precursor. Indeed, in order to prevent the alteration of the characteristics of the devices which are already present on the wafer, an epitaxy process at low temperature is highly desired for applications such as BiCMOS. In this work, the varying parameters are the deposition temperature, the Si-precursor mass flow and the dopant gas flow. As a result, a process for the deposition of heavily doped epilayers was demonstrated at 600 °C with high deposition rate, which is important for maintaining high throughput and low process cost. We showed that using trisilane as a Si-precursor resulted in a much more linear n-type doping behavior than using dichlorosilane. Therefore it allowed an easier process control and a wider dynamic doping range. Our process is an interesting route for the epitaxy of a low-resistance emitter layer for bipolar transistor application. [less ▲]

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See detailLow-viscosity allophanates containing actinically curable groups
Detrembleur, Christophe ULg; Weikard, Jan; Greszta-Franz, Dorota et al

Patent (2011)

A process for preparing binders containing allophanate groups which contain, at the oxygen atom of the allophanate group that is bonded via two single bonds, organic radicals with activated groups capable ... [more ▼]

A process for preparing binders containing allophanate groups which contain, at the oxygen atom of the allophanate group that is bonded via two single bonds, organic radicals with activated groups capable of participating in a polymerization reaction with ethylenically unsaturated compounds on exposure to actinic radiation; the process includes reacting A) one or more compounds containing uretdione groups with B) one or more OH-functional compounds which contain groups capable of participating in a polymerization reaction with ethylenically unsaturated compounds on exposure to actinic radiation, and C) optionally further NCO-reactive compounds, and D) in the presence of one or more compounds containing phenoxide groups, as catalysts.; The binders can be used in preparing coatings, coating materials, coating compositions, adhesives, printing inks, casting resins, dental compounds, sizes, photoresists, stereolithography systems, resins for composite materials and sealants. [less ▲]

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See detailLow-viscosity allophanates containing actinically curable groups
Detrembleur, Christophe ULg; Weikard, Jan; Greszta-Franz, Dorota et al

Patent (2008)

A process for preparing binders containing allophanate groups which contain, at the oxygen atom of the allophanate group that is bonded via two single bonds, organic radicals with activated groups capable ... [more ▼]

A process for preparing binders containing allophanate groups which contain, at the oxygen atom of the allophanate group that is bonded via two single bonds, organic radicals with activated groups capable of participating in a polymerization reaction with ethylenically unsaturated compounds on exposure to actinic radiation; the process includes reacting A) one or more compounds containing uretdione groups with B) one or more OH-functional compounds which contain groups capable of participating in a polymerization reaction with ethylenically unsaturated compounds on exposure to actinic radiation, and C) optionally further NCO-reactive compounds, and D) in the presence of one or more compounds containing phenoxide groups, as catalysts.; The binders can be used in preparing coatings, coating materials, coating compositions, adhesives, printing inks, casting resins, dental compounds, sizes, photoresists, stereolithography systems, resins for composite materials and sealants. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 23 (4 ULg)