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See detailApplication of the laser beam deflection to the study of temperature filed and heat transfer in natural convection,
Cerisier, P.; Sylvain, J. D.; Dauby, Pierre ULg

in Experiments in Fluids (2002), 33

Detailed reference viewed: 10 (0 ULg)
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See detailApplication of the laser deflection to the study of temperature fields in two-dimensional flows
Cerisier, P.; Dauby, Pierre ULg

in Proceedings of the VI International science-technical conference, Optical methods of flows investigation (2001)

Detailed reference viewed: 4 (0 ULg)
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See detailApplication of the Lempel-Ziv complexity to the alignment-free sequence comparison of protein families
Bacha, Sofiène; Baurain, Denis ULg

Scientific conference (2005, August 26)

Detailed reference viewed: 17 (1 ULg)
See detailApplication of the macromolecular engineering to the nanotechnology
Detrembleur, Christophe ULg

Conference (2005, May 11)

Detailed reference viewed: 3 (1 ULg)
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See detailThe application of the NSGA-II optimization method in designing control charts
Faraz, Alireza ULg; Heuchenne, Cédric ULg; Seif, Asghar

Scientific conference (2014, June 04)

The problem of designing control chart is formulated as a multi-objective optimization problem with the adjusted average time to signal as the statistical objective and the expected cost per hour as the ... [more ▼]

The problem of designing control chart is formulated as a multi-objective optimization problem with the adjusted average time to signal as the statistical objective and the expected cost per hour as the economic objective. Then we try to find the Pareto-optimal designs in which the two objectives are minimized simultaneously by using the elitist non-dominated sorting genetic algorithm method. Through an illustrative example, the advantages of the proposed approach is shown by providing a list of viable optimal solutions and graphical representations, thereby bolding the advantage of flexibility and adaptability. [less ▲]

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See detailApplication Of The Quasi-Static Mode Of The Drop Volume Technique To The Determination Of Fundamental Surfactant Properties
Razafindralambo, Hary ULg; Blecker, Christophe ULg; Delhaye, Sylvie et al

in Journal of Colloid and Interface Science (1995), 174(2), 373-377

The quasi-static mode of the drop volume technique has been applied for determining the equilibrium surface tension-concentration (σe-c) curves of ionic (SDS, CTAB) zwitterionic (CHAPS), and nonionic ... [more ▼]

The quasi-static mode of the drop volume technique has been applied for determining the equilibrium surface tension-concentration (σe-c) curves of ionic (SDS, CTAB) zwitterionic (CHAPS), and nonionic (Triton X-100) surfactants. The experimental values have been fitted in two parts by the best polynomial and straight-line equations. Determination coefficients (R2) higher than 0.98 were achieved for all σe-c curves. The critical micelle concentration (CMC) and surface tension at the CMC have been calculated at the intersection point of the two fitted curves. The results conform with those found in the literature. The polynomial equation derivative at the CMC was used in the Gibbs equation to calculate the maximum surface excess concentration and the corresponding molecular area. The space required per molecule under saturation conditions is in agreement with the surfactant structures. A comparison with the Wilhelmy-plate method was also made. It is concluded that the quasi-static drop volume method provides accurate results and presents many practical advantages. [less ▲]

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See detailApplication of the restoring force surface method to a real-life spacecraft structure
Noël, Jean-Philippe ULg; Kerschen, Gaëtan ULg; Newerla, Alfred

in Proceedings of the International Modal Analysis Conference (IMAC) XXX (2012, January)

Many nonlinear system identification methods have been introduced in the technical literature during the last thirty years. However, few of these methods were applied to real-life structures. In this ... [more ▼]

Many nonlinear system identification methods have been introduced in the technical literature during the last thirty years. However, few of these methods were applied to real-life structures. In this context, the objective of the present paper is to demonstrate that the Restoring Force Surface (RFS) method can provide a reliable identification of a nonlinear spacecraft structure. The nonlinear component comprises an inertia wheel mounted on a support, the motion of which is constrained by eight elastomer plots and mechanical stops. Several adaptations to the RFS method are proposed, which include the elimination of kinematic constraints and the regularization of ill-conditioned inverse problems. The proposed methodology is demonstrated using numerical data. [less ▲]

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See detailApplication of the SAFIR Computer Program for Evaluating Fire Resistance
Kodur, Venkatesh; Nwosu, D.; Sultan, Mohamed et al

in Proc. Third Int. Conf. on Fire Research and Engineering (1999)

In this paper, the application of the computer program SAFIR to study the behaviour of a steel framed structure exposed to fire is illustrated. As a case study, a four storey framed structure is analysed ... [more ▼]

In this paper, the application of the computer program SAFIR to study the behaviour of a steel framed structure exposed to fire is illustrated. As a case study, a four storey framed structure is analysed under various fire scenarios. It is shown that the fire resistance is enhanced when the overall structural behaviour is considered, rather than the concept based on single elements. [less ▲]

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See detailApplication of the Stiffened Plate Method in Optimizing Hydraulic Structures
Rigo, Philippe ULg; NGuyen, Nhy jhuynh

in International Colloquium in Mechanics of Solids, Fluids, Structures and Interactions (2000, August)

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See detailApplication of the TANK Model to a Tropical Monsoon Catchment in the Tonle Sap Lake Region of Cambodia
Someth, Paradis; Chanthy, Sochiva; Kubo, Naritaka et al

in Proceeding of The 4th AUN/Seed-Net Regional Conference on Geo-Disaster Mitigation in ASEAN (2011, October 25)

This paper presents an application of TANK Model to a sub-catchment of the Tonle Sap Lake of Cambodia. The TANK Model was developed in Japan and was reported as being successfully applied to many river ... [more ▼]

This paper presents an application of TANK Model to a sub-catchment of the Tonle Sap Lake of Cambodia. The TANK Model was developed in Japan and was reported as being successfully applied to many river basins in Africa, Asia, Europe and the United States. The objective of this study is to investigate the performance of the TANK Model in tropical monsoon climate condition. The studied area is a sub-catchment of the Tonle Sap Lake. Two automatic hydrological stations and four automatic telemetry meteorological stations were installed in the sub-catchment. Rating curves at the two hydrological stations was established. The performances of the rating curves and the TANK model were assessed by four standard statistical evaluations. The model was calibrated by discharge derived from the rating curves. The runoff pattern from the TANK Model correlated closely with rainfall pattern. The model could estimate runoff for the wet season, except for some peak flows generated from delayed runoffs. However, the model tended to overestimate dry season flow and react faster to rainfall events in the dry season. [less ▲]

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See detailApplication of the Wavelet Transform for GPS Cycle Slip Correction and Comparison with Kalman Filter
Collin, Fabienne; Warnant, René ULg

in Manuscripta Geodaetica (1995), 20

Detailed reference viewed: 278 (10 ULg)
See detailApplication of the Wavelet Transform for GPS Cycle Slip Detection and Comparison with Kalman Filter
Collin, Fabienne; Warnant, René ULg; Bruyninx, Carine

Conference (1993)

Detailed reference viewed: 48 (2 ULg)
See detailApplication of the Wavelet Transform for GPS Cycle Slip Detection and Comparison with Kalman Filter
Collin, Fabienne; Warnant, René ULg; Bruyninx, Carine

Conference (1993)

Detailed reference viewed: 38 (0 ULg)
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See detailApplication of the X-FEM to the fracture of piezoelectric materials
Béchet, Eric ULg; Scherzer, Matthias; Kuna, Meinhard

Scientific conference (2006)

Materials exhibiting a strong piezoelectric effect may be used in many applications, where they serve as sensors, actuators or transducers. These applications range from for sub-millimeter length scales ... [more ▼]

Materials exhibiting a strong piezoelectric effect may be used in many applications, where they serve as sensors, actuators or transducers. These applications range from for sub-millimeter length scales in MEMs (Micro-Electro-Mechanical Systems) up to large scales in the the design of smart wings in the aerospace industry. As for regular materials subjected to high mechanical stresses, the knowledge of fracture behavior for these smart materials is often crucial within the design of parts under high electrical and mechanical loading. The Extended Finite Element Method [1] has been originally designed for crack growth analysis in isotropic elastic materials. In association with level-sets [2] as a mean for representing the crack geometry, it is a powerful way to get rid of the costly constrained remeshing needed with conventional techniques. Under certain circumstances, this method is also able to achieve regular convergence rates in the energy error even for a cracked domain [3]. Piezoelectric materials exhibit an transversely isotropic mechanical characteristic, as well as a coupling between mechanical and electrical variables. This leads to different near-crack tip mechanical fields and the presence of singularities in the electrical variables [4][5]. To treat this new problem in the X-FEM, specific crack analysis tools and changes in the enrichment functions are needed which allows to represent the crack- both in the mechanical and electrical functional spaces. In this work, we will present these techniques and perform a convergence analysis to ensure that the crack tip behavior is accurately taken into account. Finally, we suggest a simple propagation model for crack growth. [less ▲]

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See detailApplication of the X-FEM to the fracture of piezoelectric materials
Béchet, Eric ULg; Scherzer, M.; Kuna, M.

in International Journal for Numerical Methods in Engineering (2009), 77(11), 1535-1565

This paper presents an application of the extended finite element method (X-FEM) to the analysis of fracture in piezoelectric materials. These materials are increasingly used in actuators and sensors. New ... [more ▼]

This paper presents an application of the extended finite element method (X-FEM) to the analysis of fracture in piezoelectric materials. These materials are increasingly used in actuators and sensors. New applications can be found as constituents of smart composites for adaptive electromechanical structures. Under in service loading, phenomena of crack initiation and propagation may occur due to high electromechanical field concentrations. In the past few years, the X-FEM has been applied mostly to model cracks in structural materials. The present paper focuses at first on the definition of new enrichment functions suitable for cracks in piezoelectric structures. At second, generalized domain integrals are used for the determination of crack tip parameters. The approach is based on specific asymptotic crack tip Solutions, derived for piezoelectric materials. We present convergence results in the energy norm and for the stress intensity factors, in various settings. Copyright (C) 2008 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. [less ▲]

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See detailAPPLICATION OF THE XDS-CALUX BIOASSAY IN ROUTINE: SEMI-QUANTITATIVE SCREENING USING AL-BEQ CUT-OFF VALUES
Vanderperren, H.; Haedrich, J.; Eppe, Gauthier ULg et al

in Organohalogen Compounds (2010)

Detailed reference viewed: 25 (1 ULg)
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See detailApplication of three entomopathogenic fungi for aphid control
Bawin, Thomas ULg; Seye, Fawrou; Boukraa, Slimane ULg et al

Poster (2013, May 21)

Aphids (Homoptera: Aphididae) are sap-sucking insect pests that feed on several plants of agronomical importance. Chemical pesticide application is the most commonly used method for aphid control. Due to ... [more ▼]

Aphids (Homoptera: Aphididae) are sap-sucking insect pests that feed on several plants of agronomical importance. Chemical pesticide application is the most commonly used method for aphid control. Due to rapid developments of resistance to pesticides and environmental pollution, integrated pest management, including biological control was promoted. In this context, entomopathogenic fungi are valuable tools for potential aphid control since various fungal strains are already commercially available. The present study aims to evaluate and compare the insecticidal activity of two Metarhizium and one Aspergillus strains against Acyrthosiphon pisum aphid. Fungi were cultivated on wheat bran media in flasks up to sporulation. The solid media were washed with aqueous solutions containing 0.05% Tween 80 before filtration. The content of conidia was determined by haemocytometer. Doses ranging from 10^3 to 10^7 conidia/ml were then applied on young plants with 20 adult parthenogenetic aphids. Batches were incubated at a 16L/8D photoperiod, 25±2°C and 75-80% relative humidity. Adult mortality was assessed in order to determine LD50, LD90 and LT50 values, and the number of nymphs produced was daily recorded. Five days after treatment, mortality rates ranged from 30 to 91% depending on the fungal strain and tested dose. Corresponding LD50 and LD90 values were 1.23 x 10^3 and 1.34 x 10^7, 3.67 x 10^3 and 9.71 x 10^7, 4.95 x 10^2 and 5.65 x 10^7 conidia/ml for Metarhizium sp., Metarhizium anisopliae and Aspergillus clavatus respectively. At the higher dose, the LT50 were reached within 2, 4 and 3 days respectively, whereas the LT50 were never reached in the controls. By contrast, the intrinsic growth rates were significantly different from uninfected aphids only in the case of A. clavatus with 10^6 and 10^7 conidia/ml doses five days after exposure. In conclusion, these fungal isolates induced A. pisum mortality with a similar impact and A. clavatus infection appeared to alter the adults’ fitness. This suggests that these fungi may be candidates for aphid control. Further investigations should be made in order to assess their host range specificity. Toxic metabolites leading to death have to be identified and their safety towards non-target organisms confirmed. Finally, their persistence in the environment as well as the compatibility with over means of aphid control must be verified in a view of a broad integrated pest management. [less ▲]

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See detailApplication of time-dependent convection models to the photometric mode identification in delta Scuti stars
Dupret, Marc-Antoine ULg; Grigahcène, A.; Garrido, R. et al

in Memorie della Società Astronomica Italiana : Journal of the Italian Astronomical Society (2006), 77

We apply the Time-Dependent Convection (TDC) treatment of Gabriel \cite{Gabriel1996} and Grigahcène \cite{Grigahcene} to the mode identification and seismic study of delta Sct stars. We compare the non ... [more ▼]

We apply the Time-Dependent Convection (TDC) treatment of Gabriel \cite{Gabriel1996} and Grigahcène \cite{Grigahcene} to the mode identification and seismic study of delta Sct stars. We compare the non-adiabatic phase-lags obtained with TDC and Frozen Convection (FC) treatments and show that they are very different at the red side of the instability strip. Finally, we compare the phase differences between light and velocity curves observed for the star 1 Mon with the theoretical predictions of TDC and FC models. The much better agreement found with the TDC models enables us to identify the modes of this star with a higher degree of confidency. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 12 (2 ULg)