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See detailAnatomic features underlying wood density, in 110 rainforest tree species from central Congo basin
de Haulleville, Thalès ULg; Rousseau, Mélissa; Morin-Rivat, Julie ULg et al

Poster (2015, May)

Investigate the influence of fiber thickness and vessel diameter on the wood density in 110 rainforest tree species, and the relationships between wood density, wood water content and shrinking ratio.

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See detailAnatomic variations and degenerative changes in the collateral cartilages and middle and distal phalanges of the forelimb in Ardenner colts
Lejeune, Jean-Philippe ULg; Audigie, Fabrice; Schneider, Nicole ULg et al

in Journal of Equine Veterinary Science (2006), 26(3), 102-112

The anatomic variations and the degenerative changes in the collateral cartilages and middle and distal phalanges in 6 Ardenner colts were characterized by radiography, scintigraphy, and magnetic ... [more ▼]

The anatomic variations and the degenerative changes in the collateral cartilages and middle and distal phalanges in 6 Ardenner colts were characterized by radiography, scintigraphy, and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). The radiographic changes were assessed between the ages of 16.5 and 25 months. An anatomic variation of the middle and distal phalanges was demonstrated in some of the colts. MRI examination of the 6 colts revealed an association between the deep digital flexor tendon cross-sectional area and body weight as well as foot circumference. Also, a thin collateral sesamoidean (suspensory navicular) ligament was observed subjectively. The presence of an extensive ossification of the collateral cartilages of the foot was found in these young horses. The ossification was characterized by the existence of 2 separate ossification centers, which had a tendency to unite. The radiographic interphalangeal degenerative lesions seen appear as bone remodeling of the dorsal edges of the middle and distal phalanx, on the insertion sites of collateral ligaments of the distal interphalangeal joint, the digital extensor tendon, and the distal interphalangeal joint capsule. [less ▲]

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See detailAnatomical and biochemical changes during adventitious rooting of apple rootstocks MM 106 cultured in vitro.
Naija, Sélima; Elloumi, Nadhra; Jbir, Najoua et al

in Comptes Rendus Biologies (2008), 331(7), 518-25

Adventitious rooting in microcuttings of Malus rootstocks MM106 was studied as regards their histological and biochemical aspects. Microcuttings from shoots raised in Murashige and Skoog's (1962) medium ... [more ▼]

Adventitious rooting in microcuttings of Malus rootstocks MM106 was studied as regards their histological and biochemical aspects. Microcuttings from shoots raised in Murashige and Skoog's (1962) medium were transferred into a rooting medium containing IBA in the dark, then fixed 0, 3, 5, 7 and 10 days after. Some cambial zone and adjacent phloem cells became dense cytoplasm, nuclei with prominent nucleoli and the first cell divisions were observed at day 3. Meristemoids became individualized, consisting of densely staining cells (with enlarged nucleoli) formed outside the xylem by day 5. Identifiable root primordia with a conical shape and several cell layers were present at day 7. Roots with organized tissue system emerged from the stem 10 days after the root induction treatment. From these histological observations, it can be established that the rooting induction stage ended before day 3. The initiation stage, with the first histological modifications to the formation of meristemoids, would correspond to the transient increase of our biochemical marker (peroxidase activity) until day 5. The best rooting percentage obtained with cultures in the presence of auxin during 5 days confirms this hypothesis. The expression of rooting can then take place. [less ▲]

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See detailAnatomical and histological aspects of the tonsils in sheep
Gabriel, Annick ULg; Cocquyt, G.; Van den Broeck, W.

in Annales de Médecine Vétérinaire (2003), 147(4, AUG-SEP), 251-258

Since the 1st April 2002, the European Union has extended the Transmissible Spongiform Encephalopathy testing in ruminants by including sheep and goats in the survey studies. In small ruminants, presence ... [more ▼]

Since the 1st April 2002, the European Union has extended the Transmissible Spongiform Encephalopathy testing in ruminants by including sheep and goats in the survey studies. In small ruminants, presence of the agent of Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy was demonstrated in tonsils, so these are considered as specified risk materials. This article gives an overview of the anatomical localisation and histological structure of the tonsils in small ruminants. Anatomically, 6 different tonsils can be distinguished: 3 are located in the oropharyngeal tract (tonsilla palatina, tonsilla lingualis, tonsilla veli palatini), 2 in the nasopharyngeal tract (tonsilla pharyngea and tonsilla tubaria), and one in the laryngopharyngeal tract (tonsilla paraepiglottica). Several tonsils show a cryptic overlying epithelium (cryptic tonsil) whereas other don't (non-cryptic tonsil). Several immunological features of the tonsils are described. [less ▲]

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See detailAnatomical characteristics of tension wood and opposite wood in young inclined stems of poplar (Populus euramericana cv ‘Ghoy’)
Jourez, Benoît ULg; Riboux, Alain; Leclercq, André

in IAWA Journal (2001), 22(2), 133-157

Young shoots from poplar cuttings (P. euramericana cv ‘Ghoy’) were artificially inclined to 30° from vertical to quantify the anatomical modifications induced by this gravitational stimulus. At the end of ... [more ▼]

Young shoots from poplar cuttings (P. euramericana cv ‘Ghoy’) were artificially inclined to 30° from vertical to quantify the anatomical modifications induced by this gravitational stimulus. At the end of the growing season, the tension wood tissue (from the upper face of the inclined axis) was compared to the opposite wood tissue (from the lower face), with radial position taken into account. On isolated elements after maceration, fibres and vessels were significantly longer in tension wood tissue. In the cross section, the gelatinous fibres had a smaller radial diameter than normal fibres in opposite wood. Vessel frequency and porosity were significantly lower in tension wood than opposite wood. Solitary vessels in tension wood were less circular in cross section than in opposite wood, but their surface area did not differ. Rays were more numerous in tension wood than opposite wood but their height did not differ between the two tissue types. Finally, there was a negative correlation between the proportion of vessels lumina (lowest in tension wood) and the proportion of fibres lumina including the G layer. The very controlled nature of this experiment (greenhouse, young clonal material, detailed anatomical observations within one growth ring) and the image analysis technology (allowing a large number of observations) enabled us to draw conclusions that may not have been seen in less-controlled experiments and/or those with smaller sample sizes. [less ▲]

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See detailThe anatomical distribution of radiological abnormalities in Kashin-Beck disease in Tibet
Hinsenkamp, Maurice; Ryppens, F.; Mathieu, F. et al

in International Orthopaedics (2001), 25

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See detailAnatomical Rationale for Use of the Latissimus Dorsi Flap During the Cardiomyoplasty Operation
RADERMECKER, Marc ULg; Triffaux, M.; Fissette, J. et al

in Surgical & Radiologic Anatomy [=SRA] (1992), 14(1), 5-10

The cardiomyoplasty procedure involves the use of a transformed skeletal muscle to augment cardiac pump function or to substitute for the heart after parietal resection. This study of the intramuscular ... [more ▼]

The cardiomyoplasty procedure involves the use of a transformed skeletal muscle to augment cardiac pump function or to substitute for the heart after parietal resection. This study of the intramuscular vascularization of latissimus dorsi was carried out in order to establish the relationship between the dominant thoracodorsal blood supply and the distal supply issued from the intercostal and lumbar arteries. This data is mandatory for the safe manipulation of the muscle flap during cardiomyoplasty. Thirty human latissimus dorsi flaps were carefully studied. We confirmed anatomically as well as angiographically previous macroscopic anatomical reports, as well as the constancy of the neurovascular pedicle. Three principal branching patterns were observed for the thoracodorsal artery. The thoracodorsal artery divides into three main tributaries in 20/30 (67%), and into two tributaries in 10/30 (33%) of the flaps observed. When three tributaries were observed, one of them was a small recurrent artery for the proximal third of the latissimus dorsi (14/20, 70%). Thus the distal vascularization is actually dependent on three principals in 6/30 (20%) and two principals in 24/30 (80%). From these two or three principals emerge several subsequent longitudinal branches (5 to 9) that have a straight course until their distal anastomoses with segmental arterial pedicles issued from intercostal and lumbar arteries. The latter ligation can thus occur without ischemic damage to the medial and distal aspect of the flap. This study emphasizes that, due to macroscopic anatomic features and systematic intramuscular vascular distribution, the latissimus dorsi is probably the most suitable muscle for the purpose of cardiomyoplasty. [less ▲]

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See detailAnatomical Relationships between Aromatase and Tyrosine Hydroxylase in the Quail Brain: Double-Label Immunocytochemical Studies
Balthazart, Jacques ULg; Foidart, Agnès ULg; Baillien, M. et al

in Journal of Comparative Neurology (The) (1998), 391(2), 214-26

The activation of male sexual behavior in Japanese quail (Coturnix japonica) requires the transformation of testosterone to 17beta-estradiol by the enzyme aromatase (estrogen synthetase). There are ... [more ▼]

The activation of male sexual behavior in Japanese quail (Coturnix japonica) requires the transformation of testosterone to 17beta-estradiol by the enzyme aromatase (estrogen synthetase). There are prominent sex differences in aromatase activity that may be regulated in part by sex differences in catecholaminergic activity. In this study, we investigate, with double-label immunocytochemistry methods, the anatomical relationship between the catecholamine synthesizing enzyme, tyrosine hydroxylase (TH) and aromatase (ARO) in the quail brain. The immunoreactivity observed for each antigen generally matched the previously described distribution. One exception is the observation that cells weakly labeled for aromatase were found widely distributed throughout the telencephalon. The presence of telencephalic aromatase was confirmed independently by radioenzymatic assays. There was an extensive overlap between the distribution of the two antigens in many brain areas. In all densely labeled aromatase-immunoreactive (ARO-ir) cell groups, including the preoptic medial nucleus, nucleus of the stria terminalis, mediobasal hypothalamus, and paleostriatum ventrale, ARO-ir cells were found in close association with TH-ir fibers. These TH-ir fibers often converged on an ARO-ir cell, and one or more TH-ir punctate structure(s) were found in close contact with nearly every densely labeled ARO-ir cell. In the telencephalon (mostly the neostriatum), all TH-ir fibers were found to be part of fiber groups that surrounded weakly immunoreactive aromatase cells. The few cells exhibiting an intracellular colocalization were detected in the anteroventral periventricular nucleus. These results are consistent with the hypothesis that catecholaminergic inputs regulate brain aromatase. [less ▲]

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See detailAnatomical relationships between aromatase-immunoreactive neurons and nitric oxide synthase as evidenced by NOS immunohistochemistry or NADPH diaphorase histochemistry in the quail forebrain
Balthazart, Jacques ULg; Panzica, G. C.; Krohmer, R. W.

in Journal of Chemical Neuroanatomy (2003), 25(1), 39-51

In Japanese quail (Coturnix japonica), previous studies indicated that the distribution of reduced nicotinamide dinucleotide phosphate (NADPH) diaphorase overlaps with steroid-sensitive areas that contain ... [more ▼]

In Japanese quail (Coturnix japonica), previous studies indicated that the distribution of reduced nicotinamide dinucleotide phosphate (NADPH) diaphorase overlaps with steroid-sensitive areas that contain dense populations of aromatase-immunoreactive (ARO-ir) cells. We investigated here the anatomical relationships between aromatase (ARO) and nitric oxide synthase (NOS)containing cells that were visualized both by NOS-immunohistochemistry and NADPH-histochemistry. The distribution of ARO-ir and of NADPH-positive cells in the forebrain observed here matched exactly the distribution previously reported. The distribution of NOS-immunoreactive material in the vicinity of ARO-ir cell groups appeared similar to the distribution of NADPH-positive structures previously identified by histochemistry. The number of NOS-immunoreactive cells was similar to the number of NADPH-positive cells and them were found in the same brain regions. In contrast. few NOS-immunoreactive fibers were observed whereas numerous NADPH-positive fibers and Punctuate structures were present in many areas. Major groups of NOS-immunoreactive/ NADPH-positive neurons were adjacent to the main ARO-ir cell groups, such as the medial preoptic nucleus. the bed nucleus of the stria terminalis and the nucleus ventromedialis hypothalamic. Hove ever. examination of adjacent sections indicated that there is very little overlap between the NOS-immunoreactive and ARO-ir cell populations. This notion got further support by double-labeled sections where no double-labeled cells could be identified. In sections stained simultaneously by histochemistry for NADPH and immunohistochemistry for ARO, many NADPH-positive fibers and punctate structures were closely associated with ARO-ir perikarya. Taken together, the present data indicate that NOS is not or very rarely colocalized with ARO but that NOS inputs are closely associated with ARO-ir cells. Based on previous work in a variety of model systems. it can be hypothesized that these inputs modulate the expression or activity of ARO in the quail brain. (C) 2002 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved. [less ▲]

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See detailAnatomical variations of the lateral nasal wall: The secondary and accessory middle turbinates.
El-Shazly, A. E.; POIRRIER, Anne-Lise ULg; Cabay, J. et al

in Clinical anatomy (New York, N.Y.) (2012), 25(3), 340-6

The aim of the current anatomical and clinical study was to audit our cases of patients who presented with secondary and/or accessory middle turbinates during a two-year period. We investigated the ... [more ▼]

The aim of the current anatomical and clinical study was to audit our cases of patients who presented with secondary and/or accessory middle turbinates during a two-year period. We investigated the incidence and the clinical impact of these variations. Twenty-eight patients, 19 males and 9 females with a mean age of 41.5 years, representing different ethnic origins, were diagnosed with double middle turbinates based on endoscopic examination. Of those, 92.8% had a main symptom of refractory frontal headache. A secondary nasal symptom was sensation of blocked nose. Patients who underwent endoscopic surgery (n = 13) for reduction of the extra turbinate, reported significant symptom scores improvement (P < 0.0001) of frontal headache and blocked nose, from means of 9.07 +/- 0.26 and 8.57 +/- 1.39 to 1 +/- 0.31, and 1.42 +/- 0.35, respectively. Our results indicate that double middle turbinates may be encountered in rhinology practice (2%). Clinically they may present with refractory headache and blocked nose. Endoscopic surgical approach seems to be an effective way of improving the symptoms. [less ▲]

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See detailAnatomically discrete sex differences and enhancement by testosterone of cell proliferation in the telencephalic ventricle zone of the adult canary brain.
Barker, Jennifer M.; Ball, Gregory F.; Balthazart, Jacques ULg

in Journal of chemical neuroanatomy (2013)

Previous work in songbirds has suggested that testosterone increases neuronal recruitment and survival in HVC but does not affect neuronal proliferation in the ventricular zone and that males and females ... [more ▼]

Previous work in songbirds has suggested that testosterone increases neuronal recruitment and survival in HVC but does not affect neuronal proliferation in the ventricular zone and that males and females have similar rates of proliferation except at discrete locations. Many of these conclusions are however based on limited data or were inferred indirectly. Here we specifically tested the effects of testosterone on cellular proliferation in the ventricular zone of both male and female adult canaries. We implanted adult birds of both sexes with testosterone or empty implants for 1 week and injected them with BrdU. One day later, we collected their brains and quantified BrdU-positive cells in the ventricular zone (VZ) at different rostro-caudal levels of the brain, ranging from the level where the song nucleus Area X occurs through the caudal extent of HVC. Proliferation in the dorsal part of the VZ was low and unaffected by sex or testosterone treatment. In the ventral part of the VZ, females had more proliferating cells than males, but only at rostral levels, near Area X. Also in the ventral part of the VZ, testosterone increased proliferation in birds of both sexes, but only in the mid- to caudal-VZ, caudal to the level of Area X, around the septum and HVC. We thus demonstrate here that there is both an effect of testosterone and possibly a more subtle effect of sex on cellular proliferation in the adult songbird brain, and that these effects are specific to different levels of the brain. [less ▲]

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See detailAnatomically discrete sex differences in neuroplasticity in zebra finches as reflected by perineuronal nets.
Cornez, Gilles ULg; Ter Haar, Sita M.; Cornil, Charlotte ULg et al

in PloS one (2015), 10(4), 0123199

Large morphological sex differences in the vertebrate brain were initially identified in song control nuclei of oscines. Besides gross differences between volumes of nuclei in males and females, sex ... [more ▼]

Large morphological sex differences in the vertebrate brain were initially identified in song control nuclei of oscines. Besides gross differences between volumes of nuclei in males and females, sex differences also concern the size and dendritic arborization of neurons and various neurochemical markers, such as the calcium-binding protein parvalbumin (PV). Perineuronal nets (PNN) of the extracellular matrix are aggregates of different compounds, mainly chondroitin sulfate proteoglycans, that surround subsets of neurons, often expressing PV. PNN develop in zebra finches song control nuclei around the end of the sensitive period for song learning and tutor deprivation, known to delay the end of the song learning sensitive period, decreases the numbers of PNN in HVC. We demonstrate here the existence in zebra finches of a major sex difference (males > females) affecting the number of PNN (especially those surrounding PV-positive cells) in HVC and to a smaller extent the robust nucleus of the arcopallium, RA, the two main nuclei controlling song production. These differences were not present in Area X and LMAN, the lateral magnocellular nucleus of the anterior nidopallium. A dense expression of material immunoreactive for chondroitin sulfate was also detected in several nuclei of the auditory and visual pathways. This material was often organized in perineuronal rings but quantification of these PNN did not reveal any sex difference with the exception that the percentage of PNN surrounding PV-ir cells in the dorsal lateral mesencephalic nucleus, MLd, was larger in females than in males, a sex difference in the opposite direction compared to what is seen in HVC and RA. These data confirm and extend previous studies demonstrating the sex difference affecting PNN in HVC-RA by showing that this sex difference is anatomically specific and does not concern visual or auditory pathways. [less ▲]

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See detailAnatomically informed basis functions for EEG source localization : Combining functional and anatomical constraints
Phillips, Christophe ULg; Rugg, Michael D; Friston, Karl J

in Neuroimage (2002), 16(3), 678-6951

Distributed linear solutions have frequently been used to solve the source localization problem in EEG. Here we introduce an approach based on the weighted minimum norm (WMN) method that imposes ... [more ▼]

Distributed linear solutions have frequently been used to solve the source localization problem in EEG. Here we introduce an approach based on the weighted minimum norm (WMN) method that imposes constraints using anatomical and physiological information derived from other imaging modalities. The anatomical constraints are used to reduce the solution space a priori by modeling the spatial source distribution with a set of basis functions. These spatial basis functions are chosen in a principled way using information theory. The reduced problem is then solved with a classical WMN method. Further (functional) constraints can be introduced in the weighting of the solution using fMRI brain responses to augment spatial priors. We used simulated data to explore the behavior of the approach over a range of the model's hyperparameters. To assess the construct validity of our method we compared it with two established approaches to the source localization problem, a simple weighted minimum norm and a maximum smoothness (Loreta-like) solution. This involved simulations, using single and multiple sources that were analyzed under different levels of confidence in the priors. (C) 2002 Elsevier Science (USA). [less ▲]

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See detailL'anatomie au secours des cliniciens face à une douleur répétitive abdominale: le syndrome de la pince aorto-mésentérique
Strul, Nathan; Vaessen, S.; Collard, Laure ULg et al

in Revue Médicale de Liège (2007), 62(2), 73-76

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See detailAnatomie chirurgicale de la valvule aortique. Relations avec le corps fibreux central et le tissu de conduction
RADERMECKER, Marc ULg; Limet, Raymond ULg

in Revue Médicale de Liège (1995), 50(7), 286-8

L'anatomie intrinsèque de la valvule aortique est plus simple que celle des valvules auriculo-ventriculaires ; toutefois, de par sa situation anatomique centrale entre les valvules mitrale et tricuspide ... [more ▼]

L'anatomie intrinsèque de la valvule aortique est plus simple que celle des valvules auriculo-ventriculaires ; toutefois, de par sa situation anatomique centrale entre les valvules mitrale et tricuspide en arrière, les sigmoïdes pulmonaires en avant, la valvule aortique présente de multiples rapports qu'il convient de connaître. C'est l'ambition de cette revue que d'illustrer les relations de la valvule aortique avec les structures avoisinantes, de montrer la complexité de son attache à la jontion ventriculo-artérielle, et de rappeler comment sa géométrie très précise permet, en synergie avec les sinus de Valsalva, d'en optimaliser le fonctionnement hémodynamique. [less ▲]

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See detailAnatomie chirurgicale du plancher pelvien chez la femme.
Bonnet, Pierre ULg

Conference (2015, June 13)

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