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See detailInterleukin-1beta and Interleukin-6 Disturb the Antioxidant Enzyme System in Bovine Chondrocytes: A Possible Explanation for Oxidative Stress Generation
Mathy, Marianne ULg; Hogge, Laurence ULg; Sanchez, Christelle ULg et al

in Osteoarthritis and Cartilage (2008), 16

OBJECTIVE: Beside matrix metalloproteinases, reactive oxygen species (ROS) are the main biochemical factors of cartilage degradation. To prevent ROS toxicity, chondrocytes possess a well-coordinated ... [more ▼]

OBJECTIVE: Beside matrix metalloproteinases, reactive oxygen species (ROS) are the main biochemical factors of cartilage degradation. To prevent ROS toxicity, chondrocytes possess a well-coordinated enzymatic antioxidant system formed principally by superoxide dismutases (SODs), catalase (CAT) and glutathione peroxidase (GPX). This work was designed to assess the effects of interleukin (IL)-1beta and IL-6 on the enzymatic activity and gene expression of SODs, CAT and GPX in bovine chondrocytes. METHODS: Bovine chondrocytes were cultured in monolayer for 4-96h in the absence or in the presence of IL-1beta (0.018-1.8ng/ml) or IL-6 (10-100ng/ml). To study signal transduction pathway, inhibitors of mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPK) (PD98059, SB203580 and SP600125) (5-20muM) and nuclear factor (NF)-kappaB inhibitors [BAY11-7082 (1-10muM) and MG132 (0.1-10muM)] were used. SODs, CAT and GPX enzymatic activities were evaluated in cellular extract by using colorimetric enzymatic assays. Mn SODs, Cu/Zn SOD, extracellular SOD (EC SOD), CAT and GPX gene expressions were quantified by real-time and quantitative polymerase chain reaction (PCR). RESULTS: Mn SOD and GPX activities were dose and time-dependently increased by IL-1beta. In parallel, IL-1beta markedly enhanced Mn SOD and GPX gene expressions, but decreased Cu/Zn SOD, EC SOD and CAT gene expressions. Induction of SOD enzymatic activity and Mn SOD mRNA expression were inhibited by NF-kappaB inhibitors but not by MAPK inhibitors. IL-6 effects were similar but weaker than those of IL-1beta. CONCLUSIONS: In conclusion, IL-1beta, and to a lesser extend IL-6, dysregulates enzymatic antioxidant defenses in chondrocyte. These changes could lead to a transient accumulation of H(2)O(2) in mitochondria, and consequently to mitochondria damage. These changes contribute to explain the mitochondrial dysfunction observed in osteoarthritis chondrocytes. [less ▲]

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See detailInterleukin-1beta and tumor necrosis factor-alpha enhance the shedding of Interleukin-6 receptor in osteoblastic cells: Involvement of tumor necrosis factor-alpha converting enzyme
Franchimont, N. M.; Lambert, Cecile; Ribbens, Clio ULg et al

in Arthritis and Rheumatism (2003, September), 48(9, Suppl. S), 482

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See detailInterleukin-32 expression is associated with a poorer prognosis in head and neck squamous cell carcinoma.
Guenin, Samuel; Mouallif, Mustapha ULg; Hubert, Pascale ULg et al

in Molecular Carcinogenesis (2013), 53(8), 667-673

Head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) represent the sixth most common malignancy diagnosed worldwide. Patient's survival is low due the high frequency of tumor recurrence. Inflammation promotes ... [more ▼]

Head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) represent the sixth most common malignancy diagnosed worldwide. Patient's survival is low due the high frequency of tumor recurrence. Inflammation promotes carcinogenesis as well as the formation of metastasis. Indeed, proinflammatory mediators are known to stimulate the expression of specific transcription factors such as Snai1 and to increase the ability of tumor cells to migrate into distant organs. The atypical interleukin-32 (IL32) was mainly described to exacerbate inflammatory responses in rheumatoid arthritis and inflammatory bowel diseases. IL32 is expressed in various cancers but its role in HNSCC physiology is still unexplored. Here, we analyzed the expression of IL32 and its implication on HNSCC aggressiveness. We showed that patients with tumor expressing high amounts of IL32 exhibit decreased disease-free periods (20.5 mo vs. 41 mo, P = 0.0041) and overall survival (P = 0.0359) in comparison with individuals with weak IL32 tumor expression. This overexpression was negatively correlated with gender (P = 0.0292) and p53 expression (P = 0.0307). In addition, in vitro data linked IL32 expression to metastasis formation since IL32 inhibition decreased Snai1 expression and tumor cell migration in a Boyden chamber assay. Our data provide new insight into the role of IL32 in HNSCC aggressiveness. (c) 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. [less ▲]

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See detailInterleukin-4-promoted T helper 2 responses enhance Nippostrongylus brasiliensis-induced pulmonary pathology.
Mearns, Helen; Horsnell, William G C; Hoving, J Claire et al

in Infection and Immunity (2008), 76(12), 5535-42

The role of CD4(+) T-cell interleukin-4 (IL-4) receptor alpha (IL-4Ralpha) expression in T helper 2 (TH2) immune responses has not been defined. To examine this role, we infected CD4(+) T-cell IL-4Ralpha ... [more ▼]

The role of CD4(+) T-cell interleukin-4 (IL-4) receptor alpha (IL-4Ralpha) expression in T helper 2 (TH2) immune responses has not been defined. To examine this role, we infected CD4(+) T-cell IL-4Ralpha knockout (KO) mice with the parasitic nematode Nippostrongylus brasiliensis, which induces strong host TH2 responses. Although N. brasiliensis expulsion was not affected in CD4(+) T-cell IL-4Ralpha KO mice, the associated lung pathology was reduced. Infected CD4(+) T-cell IL-4Ralpha KO mice showed abrogation of airway mucus production. Furthermore, CD4(+) T-cell IL-4Ralpha KO mouse lungs contained reduced numbers of lymphocytes and eosinophils. Restimulation of pulmonary region-associated T-cell populations showed that TH2 cytokine responses were disrupted. Secretion of IL-4, but not secretion of IL-13 or IL-5, from mediastinal lymph node CD4(+) T cells was reduced in infected CD4(+) T-cell IL-4Ralpha KO mice. Restimulation of tissue-derived CD4(+) T cells resulted in equivalent levels of IL-4 and IL-13 on day 7 postinfection (p.i.) in control and CD4(+) T-cell IL-4Ralpha KO mice. By day 10 p.i. the TH2 cytokine levels had significantly declined in CD4(+) T-cell IL-4Ralpha KO mice. Restimulation with N. brasiliensis antigen of total lung cell populations and populations with CD4(+) T cells depleted showed that CD4(+) T cells were a key TH2 cytokine source. These data demonstrated that CD4(+) T-cell IL-4 responsiveness facilitates eosinophil and lymphocyte recruitment, lymphocyte localization, and TH2 cytokine production in the allergic pathology associated with N. brasiliensis infections. [less ▲]

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See detailInterleukin-6 as a marker of inflammatory related post-operative myocardial dysfunction
von der Stück, H.; SCHUMACHER, Katharina ULg; Buding, B. et al

Conference (2013, May)

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See detailInterleukin-6 as a marker of inflammatory related post-operative myocardial dysfunction
von der Stück, Hannah; Buding, Brigitte; Vazquez-Jimenez, Jaime et al

Conference (2013, January)

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See detailInterleukin-6 mediates subchondral osteoblasts-induced cartilage degradation
Sanchez, Christelle ULg; Kaut, Elizabeth; DEBERG, Michelle ULg et al

Conference (2006)

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See detailInterleukin-6 mediates subchondral osteoblasts-induced cartilage degradation
Henrotin, Yves ULg; Kaut, Elisabeth; Deberg, Michelle ULg et al

Poster (2005)

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See detailInterleukin-6 mediates subchondral osteoblasts-induced cartilage degradation
Sanchez, Christelle ULg; Kaut, Elisabeth; Deberg, Michelle ULg et al

in Osteoarthritis and Cartilage (2005), 13(Suppl A), 157

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See detailInterleukin-6 mediates subchondral osteoblasts-induced cartilage degradation
Sanchez, Christelle ULg; Kaut, Elisabeth; Deberg, Michelle ULg et al

in Osteoporosis International (2006, March), 17(Suppl. 1), 53

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See detailInterleukin-6 receptor shedding is enhanced by interleukin-1beta and tumor necrosis factor alpha and is partially mediated by tumor necrosis factor alpha-converting enzyme in osteoblast-like cells.
Franchimont, Nathalie; Lambert, Cécile ULg; Huynen, Pascale ULg et al

in Arthritis and Rheumatism (2005), 52(1), 84-93

OBJECTIVE: Interleukin-6 (IL-6) and soluble IL-6 receptor (sIL-6R) activation of gp130 represents an alternative pathway for osteoclast development in inflammatory conditions. The goal of the present ... [more ▼]

OBJECTIVE: Interleukin-6 (IL-6) and soluble IL-6 receptor (sIL-6R) activation of gp130 represents an alternative pathway for osteoclast development in inflammatory conditions. The goal of the present study was to investigate changes in sIL-6R levels in response to the inflammatory cytokines IL-1beta and tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNFalpha) and to determine the role of TNFalpha-converting enzyme (TACE) in this process. METHODS: Levels of sIL-6R in the culture media of MG63 and SAOS-2 osteoblast-like cell lines after exposure to various agents were determined by immunoassay. TACE protein levels were measured by Western immunoblotting. Cells were transfected with small interfering RNA (siRNA) or with an expression plasmid for IL-6R and TACE to determine the potential involvement of TACE in IL-6R shedding. RESULTS: IL-1beta and TNFalpha increased the levels of sIL-6R in the culture media of MG63 osteoblast-like cells. This effect was not influenced by cycloheximide or 5,6-dichlorobenzimidazole riboside but was markedly inhibited by the calcium chelator EGTA and by the TACE and matrix metalloproteinase inhibitor hydroxamate (Ru36156). IL-1beta and TNFalpha had no influence on the alternatively spliced form of IL-6R RNA. Levels of sIL-6R were reduced when MG63 cells were transiently transfected with TACE siRNA. Transfection of SAOS-2 cells with expression plasmids for IL-6R and TACE produced a dose-dependent increase in sIL-6R levels. CONCLUSION: IL-1beta- and TNFalpha-mediated induction of IL-6R shedding in osteoblast-like cells is at least partly dependent on TACE activation. [less ▲]

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See detailInterleukin-6/STAT3 signaling regulates the ability of naive T cells to acquire B-cell help capacities
Eddahri, Fouad; Denanglaire, Sebastien; Bureau, Fabrice ULg et al

in Blood (2009), 113(11), 2426-2433

The conditions leading to the activation/differentiation of T-helper (Th) cells dedicated for B-cell antibody production are still poorly characterized. We now demonstrate that interleukin-6 (IL-6 ... [more ▼]

The conditions leading to the activation/differentiation of T-helper (Th) cells dedicated for B-cell antibody production are still poorly characterized. We now demonstrate that interleukin-6 (IL-6) promotes the differentiation of naive T lymphocytes into helper cells able to promote B-cell activation and antibody secretion. IL-6-driven acquisition of B-cell help capacity requires expression of the signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3), but not STAT4 or STAT6 transcription factors, suggesting that the ability to provide help to B cells is not restricted to a well-defined Th1 or Th2 effector population. T cell-specific STAT3-deficient mice displayed reduced humoral responses in vivo that could not be related to an altered expansion of CXCR5-expressing helper T cells. IL-6 was shown to promote IL-21 secretion, a cytokine that was similarly found to promote the differentiation of naive T cells into potent B-cell helper cells. Collectively, these data indicate that the ability to provide B-cell help is regulated by IL-6/IL-21 through STAT3 activation, independently of Th1, Th2, Th17, or follicular helper T cell (T(FH)) differentiation [less ▲]

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See detailInterleukin-6: An osteotropic factor influencing bone formation?
Franchimont, N.; Wertz, Sylvie ULg; Malaise, Michel ULg

in BONE (2005), 37(5), 601-606

Interleukin (IL)-6 has long been considered as an osteoresorptive factor. However, recent data indicate that IL-6 could influence bone formation in conditions of increased bone turnover. In this paper ... [more ▼]

Interleukin (IL)-6 has long been considered as an osteoresorptive factor. However, recent data indicate that IL-6 could influence bone formation in conditions of increased bone turnover. In this paper, the effects of IL-6 and its soluble receptor on osteoblast proliferation, differentiation and apoptosis are readdressed. A brief summary of IL-6 signaling after binding to its receptor is provided and hypotheses concerning IL-6 and the central control of bone formation are also highlighted. (c) 2005 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved. [less ▲]

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See detailInterleukine 1 et métabolisme osseux
Reginster, Jean-Yves ULg; Zheng, SX

in Revue du Praticien (La) (1996), 46

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See detailInterleukine-1 β regulation of transforming growth factor-β1 expression in articular chondrocytes : influence of aceclofenac
Andriamanalijaona, R; Ayache, N; Mathy-Hartert, M et al

in Osteoarthritis and Cartilage (2001), 9SB

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See detailL’interleukine-1β augmente le catabolisme de la fibuline-3 par les chondrocytes : démonstration in vitro par la mesure des fragments Fib3-1 et Fib3-2
Gharbi, Myriam; Legrand, Catherine; Sanchez, Christelle ULg et al

in Revue du Rhumatisme (2011), 78(suppl 5), 131-132

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See detailInterlocking Biological and Political Uncertainties in Public Decision Making : A Case Study at Mellery (Belgium)
Fallon, Catherine ULg; Laurent, Christian

Conference (1998, October 13)

A central question in health hazard associated with environmental pollution is the evaluation of level of exposure to a mixture of carcinogens and the estimation of the global health impact on the ... [more ▼]

A central question in health hazard associated with environmental pollution is the evaluation of level of exposure to a mixture of carcinogens and the estimation of the global health impact on the residents. The point is important to found a public health decision for site intervention or residents relocalisation. Belgium had to face such a problem at Mellery, a village which became internationally famous some years ago, when local residents denonced a local pollution originating from an industrial waste depository facility situated only 500 m from the centre of their village, in a former sand quarry. A central piece of the actions of the authorities was the original campaign organised to measure directly the level of exposure to carcinogens of a large group of voluntary local residents, children included, by measuring biomarkers of exposure in blood lymphocytes : for its high sensitivity, the frequency of sister chromatid exchanges (SCES) had been chosen. This biomonitoring method, quite commonly used to monitor occupational environment, had never before been applied to evaluate the potential health impact of the environment on a general population. Such data, although sophisticate and integrative, are only indicators of exposure and cannot be used, so far, as individual quantitative predictors of the possible evolution of the health of the individual persons. First designed as an epidemiological study, the campaign at Mellery revealed so high exposure levels that the experts did not keep with the original experimental line and decided to release individual information to the concerned persons, without much preparation nor risk communication policy. Several groups (experts, local doctors, local and regional authorities, public agencies and residents associations) were active integrating the information in their respective discourses, giving them specific interpretative and competing meanings. Any scenario for intervention had to be embedded in some meaningful and legitimating discourse : a quite difficult task for the authorities. The evolution of the expertise system used for public decision-making were marked by several such uncertainties (geological, biological, medical) but also by the difficult integration of health related aspects within environment interventions in the regulatory structures in Belgium : health responsibilities are scattered between federal and "communautaire" bodies, while most of the environmental actions are funded at the regional level. In this first heavy case, the young regional institutions reacted in a disorganized manner: they choose to not put at risk their frail power equilibrium and to not reconsider the attribution of the responsibilities. The authors propose to analyse how peculiar interlocking of the biological and political uncertainties were at the core of the general failure in public risk management around this landfill site: Mellery, after 10 years and a huge budget for site treatment, is still a nightmare for environmental authorities in Southern Belgium. [less ▲]

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See detailIntermédiaire du marché du travail : un métier en tensions
Orianne, Jean-François ULg

Conference (2011, November 21)

Detailed reference viewed: 33 (10 ULg)