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See detailKashin-Beck Disease: evaluation of mineral intake in young Tibetan children from endemic areas
Dermience, Michael ULg

Master's dissertation (2010)

Kashin-Beck disease is an endemic and chronic osteochondropathy. This disease principally occurs in the Tibet Autonomous Region and in several provinces of the People’s Republic of China. Although many ... [more ▼]

Kashin-Beck disease is an endemic and chronic osteochondropathy. This disease principally occurs in the Tibet Autonomous Region and in several provinces of the People’s Republic of China. Although many studies have already been conducted and many others are still underway, its ethiology remains unknown. A multifactorial hypothesis has been proposed: selenium deficiency, high concentration of organic matters in drinking water (fulvic acids) and mycotoxin poisoning by fungi infecting cereals. This original study aimed to measure the mineral contents of the food most often consumed in severe endemic regions and then to evaluate the daily intake of minerals in young Tibetan children from endemic areas. The mineral elements were selected in relation to their implications in bone metabolism. A sampling campaign split up into two time periods (winter and spring) was carried out. Ten families from two distinct regions were selected based on three criteria: they live in endemic areas; they include a 3 to 5 year-old child; this child has a KBD brother or sister. At the same time, a nutritional survey was made by the means of a prospective questionnaire in order to list the 24h food intake of the 3 to 5 year-old child. This survey highlighted the extremely monotonous cereal-based Tibetan diet. An analytical method for the minerals was developed as follows: mineralization of samples performed by microwave-assisted wet process; mineralized solutions measured by several atomic absorption or emission spectrometric methods and molecular absorption spectrometric methods. The analytical method was validated by mean of certified reference materials. Mean food contents were calculated and compared to food composition reference tables. High iron contents and selenium deficiencies were highlighted in several foods. Daily intakes were estimated combining mineral measurements and nutritional survey results. These were compared to dietary reference intakes from reference tables. This estimation reveals some crucial points: we confirm a marked deficiency in calcium; Ca/P ratios are always low; iron and copper intakes are excessive; zinc is the most probably deficient; while selenium could be deficient; manganese intakes often exceed toxicity thresholds. Nevertheless, this study encounters some limits. The bioavailability of minerals is a critical point that deserves further investigations. Moreover, a larger study over a longer term covering both endemic and non-endemic regions is required for definite conclusions to be reached. [less ▲]

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See detailKatanga Business - Pale Peko Bantu: Notes sur deux moments de cinéma postcolonial belge
Hamers, Jérémy ULg

in French Forum (2011), 35(n°2-3, Spring Fall 2010), 95-113

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See detailKatharsis
Pontzen, Alexandra ULg; Göritz, Anja

in Kiesow; Korte (Eds.) EGB. Emotionales Gesetzbuch. Dekalog der Gefühle (2005)

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See detailKATP channel openers: tissue selectivity of original 3-alkylaminopyrido- and 3-alkylaminobenzothiadiazine 1,1 -dioxides
Lebrun, P.; Becker, B.; Morel, N. et al

in Biochemical Pharmacology (2008), 75

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See detailKBD is an agro-environmental disease: The south central Tibet input
Haubruge, Eric ULg; Chasseur, Camille; Lognay, Georges ULg et al

Conference (2008, August)

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See detailThe KCNQ channel opener retigabine inhibits the activity of mesencephalic dopaminergic systems of the rat
Hansen, H. H.; Ebbesen, C.; Mathiesen, C. et al

in Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics (The) (2006), 318(3), 1006-1019

Homo- and heteromeric complexes of KCNQ channel subunits are the molecular correlate of the M-current, a neuron-specific voltage-dependent K+ current with a well established role in control of neural ... [more ▼]

Homo- and heteromeric complexes of KCNQ channel subunits are the molecular correlate of the M-current, a neuron-specific voltage-dependent K+ current with a well established role in control of neural excitability. We investigated the effect of KCNQ channel modulators on the activity of dopaminergic neurons in vitro and in vivo in the rat ventral mesencephalon. The firing of dopaminergic neurons recorded in mesencephalic slices was robustly inhibited in a concentration-dependent manner by the KCNQ channel opener N-(2-amino-4-(4-fluorobenzylamino)phenyl) carbamic acid ethyl ester ( retigabine). The effect of retigabine persisted in the presence of tetrodotoxin and simultaneous blockade of GABA A receptors, small-conductance calcium-activated K+ ( SK) channels, and hyperpolarization-activated (I-h) channels, and it was potently reversed by the KCNQ channel blocker 4- pyridinylmethyl-9(10H)-anthracenone (XE991), indicating a direct effect on KCNQ channels. Likewise, in vivo single unit recordings from dopaminergic neurons revealed a prominent reduction in spike activity after systemic administration of retigabine. Furthermore, retigabine inhibited dopamine synthesis and c-Fos expression in the striatum under basal conditions. Retigabine completely blocked the excitatory effect of dopamine D-2 auto-receptor antagonists. Again, the in vitro and in vivo effects of retigabine were completely reversed by preadministration of XE991. Dual immunocytochemistry revealed that KCNQ4 is the major KCNQ channel subunit expressed in all dopaminergic neurons in the mesolimbic and nigrostriatal pathways. Collectively, these observations indicate that retigabine negatively modulates dopaminergic neurotransmission, likely originating from stimulation of mesencephalic KCNQ4 channels. [less ▲]

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See detailKCNQ2 and KCNQ3 potassium channel genes in benign familial neonatal convulsions: expansion of the functional and mutation spectrum.
Singh, Nanda A; Westenskow, Peter; Charlier, Carole ULg et al

in Brain : A Journal of Neurology (2003), 126(Pt 12), 2726-37

Benign familial neonatal convulsions (BFNC) is a rare autosomal dominant generalized epilepsy of the newborn infant. Seizures occur repeatedly in the first days of life and remit by approximately 4 months ... [more ▼]

Benign familial neonatal convulsions (BFNC) is a rare autosomal dominant generalized epilepsy of the newborn infant. Seizures occur repeatedly in the first days of life and remit by approximately 4 months of age. Previously our laboratory cloned two novel potassium channel genes, KCNQ2 and KCNQ3, and showed that they are mutated in patients with BFNC. In this report, we characterize the breakpoints of a previously reported interstitial deletion in the KCNQ2 gene and show that only KCNQ2 is deleted. We identify 11 novel mutations in KCNQ2 and one novel mutation in the KCNQ3 potassium channel genes. In one family, the phenotype extends beyond neonatal seizures and includes rolandic seizures, and a subset of families has onset of seizures in infancy. In the Xenopus oocyte expression system, we characterize five KCNQ2 and one KCNQ3 disease-causing mutations. These mutations cause a variable loss of function, and selective effects on the biophysical properties of KCNQ2/KCNQ3 heteromultimeric channels. We report here the first dominant negative mutation in KCNQ2 that has a phenotype of neonatal seizures without permanent clinical CNS impairment. [less ▲]

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See detailKCTD5, a putative substrate adaptor for cullin3 ubiquitin ligases
Bayón, Yolanda; Trinidad, Antonio G.; de la Puerta, María L et al

in FEBS Journal (2008), 275(15), 3900-3910

Potassium channel tetramerization domain (KCTD) proteins contain a bric-a-brac, tramtrak and broad complex (BTB) domain that is most similar to the tetramerization domain (T1) of voltage-gated potassium ... [more ▼]

Potassium channel tetramerization domain (KCTD) proteins contain a bric-a-brac, tramtrak and broad complex (BTB) domain that is most similar to the tetramerization domain (T1) of voltage-gated potassium channels. Some BTB-domain-containing proteins have been shown recently to participate as substrate-specific adaptors in multimeric cullin E3 ligase reactions by recruiting proteins for ubiquitination and subsequent degradation by the proteasome. Twenty-two KCTD proteins have been found in the human genome, but their functions are largely unknown. In this study, we have characterized KCTD5, a new KCTD protein found in the cytosol of cultured cell lines. The expression of KCTD5 was upregulated post-transcriptionally in peripheral blood lymphocytes stimulated through the T-cell receptor. KCTD5 interacted specifically with cullin3, bound ubiquitinated proteins, and formed oligomers through its BTB domain. Analysis of the interaction with cullin3 showed that, in addition to the BTB domain, some amino acids in the N-terminus of KCTD5 are required for binding to cullin3. These findings suggest that KCTD5 is a substrate-specific adaptor for cullin3-based E3 ligases. [less ▲]

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See detailKDIGO – prise en charge de l’hypertension artérielle en dialyse
Krzesinski, Jean-Marie ULg

Conference (2013, March 28)

1. A lower target may be chosen in CKD patients with proteinuria but after individualized risk-benefit assessment. The price to pay is a need for a higher number of antiHTA drugs and a risk of more ... [more ▼]

1. A lower target may be chosen in CKD patients with proteinuria but after individualized risk-benefit assessment. The price to pay is a need for a higher number of antiHTA drugs and a risk of more frequent side-effects. 2. Confirmation of a high BP level is necessary through out-of-the clinic BP measurement In CKD, ABPM offers night-time BP information useful for CV and renal risk evaluation. BP variability is a new point to be considered in the future. Proteinuria but also other specific risk factors (Phosphate, anemia, inflammation,..) should be integrated in the management of hypertension in CKD [less ▲]

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See detailKeep bacteria under control: Dietary modulation of gut microflora in farm animals by use of hen egg yolk antibodies
Marcq, Christopher ULg; Thewis, André ULg; Portetelle, Daniel ULg et al

E-print/Working paper (2010)

This review article focuses on the use of IgY in therapy or prophylaxis of diseases in veterinary medicine as well as in the context of functional foods to modulate microflora in animal.

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See detailKeep the nest clean: survival advantages of corpse removal in ants
Diez, Lise; Lejeune, Philippe ULg; Detrain, Claire

in Biology Letters (2014), 10(7),

Sociality increases exposure to pathogens. Therefore, social insects have developed a wide range of behavioural defences, known as ‘social immunity’. However, the benefits of these behaviours in terms of ... [more ▼]

Sociality increases exposure to pathogens. Therefore, social insects have developed a wide range of behavioural defences, known as ‘social immunity’. However, the benefits of these behaviours in terms of colony survival have been scarcely investigated. We tested the survival advantage of prophylaxis, i.e. corpse removal, in ants. Over 50 days, we compared the survival of ants in colonies that were free to remove corpses with those that were restricted in their corpse removal. From Day 8 onwards, the survival of adult workers was significantly higher in colonies that were allowed to remove corpses normally. Overall, larvae survived better than adults, but were slightly affected by the presence of corpses in the nest. When removal was restricted, ants removed as many corpses as they could and moved the remaining corpses away from brood, typically to the nest corners. These results show the importance of nest maintenance and prophylactic behaviour in social insects. [less ▲]

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See detailKeeping track of the EEG's brain dynamics using Kalman filtering
Lehembre, Remy ULg; Noirhomme, Quentin ULg; Macq, B.

in Proceedings of the 3rd International BCI Workshop (2006)

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See detailKein Ey gleicht dem anderen. Rezension zu "Im Bergwerk der Sprache"
Viehöver, Vera ULg

in ReLü: Rezensionszeitschrift zur Literaturübersetzung (2013)

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See detailKein „Liebhaber des Vulkans“. Goethes Italienerfahrung im Spiegel zeitgenössischer Belletristik
Pontzen, Alexandra ULg

in Hirdt, Willi (Ed.) Goethe und Italien. Akten des deutsch-italienischen Colloquiums 7.-9. Oktober 1999 (1999)

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See detailKeine reine Hommage
Pontzen, Alexandra ULg

in Literaturkritik.de (2008)

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See detailKenneth Koch, New Addresses
Delville, Michel ULg

in Verse (2001)

Detailed reference viewed: 5 (0 ULg)