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See detailIndividual differences in cognitive representations of action influence the activation of goal concepts
Belayachi, Sanaa ULg; Van der Linden, Martial ULg

in Acta Psychologica (2013), 142(2), 259-264

Goal representations play a key role in various psychological processes, including behavioral regulation, self-perception and social understanding. Research on cognitive representations of action has ... [more ▼]

Goal representations play a key role in various psychological processes, including behavioral regulation, self-perception and social understanding. Research on cognitive representations of action has identified individual differences in the general tendency to construe actions in terms of their goal (vs. movement parameters), which can be reliably assessed with the Behavior Identification Form (BIF). The aim of the present study was to examine how individual differences in action identification, as measured by the BIF, affect online processing of action in a laboratory study. The main results showed that the level of action identification predicted participants' performance in a task designed to implicitly assess people's automatic processing of action regarding goal features. We discussed the possible role of impaired goal processing in psychological dysfunctions. [less ▲]

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See detailIndividual differences in the phenomenology of mental time travel: The effect of vivid visual imagery and emotion regulation strategies
D'Argembeau, Arnaud ULg; Van der Linden, Martial ULg

in Consciousness & Cognition (2006), 15(2), 342-350

It has been claimed that the ability to remember the past and the ability to project oneself into the future are intimately related. We sought support for this proposition by examining whether individual ... [more ▼]

It has been claimed that the ability to remember the past and the ability to project oneself into the future are intimately related. We sought support for this proposition by examining whether individual differences in dimensions that have been shown to affect memory for past events similarly influence the experience of projecting oneself into the future. We found that individuals with a higher capacity for visual imagery experienced more visual and other sensory details both when remembering past events and when imagining future events. In addition, individuals who habitually use suppression to regulate their emotions experienced fewer sensory, contextual, and emotional details when representing both past and future events, while the use of reappraisal had no effect on either kind of events. These findings are consistent with the view that mental time travel into the past and into the future relies on similar mechanisms. [less ▲]

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See detailIndividual distance-independent girth increment model for Douglas-fir in southern Belgium
Monty, Arnaud ULg; Lejeune, Philippe ULg; Rondeux, Jacques ULg

in Ecological Modelling (2008), 212(3-4), 472-479

An individual distance-independent girth increment model for pure stands of Douglas-fir (Pseudotsuga menziesii (MIRB.) FRANCO), comprising two equations, is presented. The data used to fit the model were ... [more ▼]

An individual distance-independent girth increment model for pure stands of Douglas-fir (Pseudotsuga menziesii (MIRB.) FRANCO), comprising two equations, is presented. The data used to fit the model were collected from 1007 trees in 42 plots installed in regularly stocked and even-aged stands located in Wallonia (southern Belgium). Both equations predict girth increment from individual girth, dominant height, basal area per hectare, stand mean girth and variables linked to site fertility. These last variables are the site index H50 in the first equation, and a combination of mean annual rainfall and altitude in the second. The coefficient of determination ranges from 0.434 to 0.481 and the root mean square error ranges from 0.7857 to 0.8194 cm year(-1). Estimated increments of 224 Douglas-fir trees in 12 different and independent stands were used to validate the model, which is expected to provide reliable predictions for most of the pure Douglas-fir stands located in the study area. (c) 2007 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved [less ▲]

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See detailIndividual variation and the endocrine regulation of behaviour and physiology in birds: a cellular/molecular perspective.
Ball, Gregory F; Balthazart, Jacques ULg

in Philosophical Transactions : Biological Sciences (2008), 363(1497), 1699-710

Investigations of the cellular and molecular mechanisms of physiology and behaviour have generally avoided attempts to explain individual differences. The goal has rather been to discover general ... [more ▼]

Investigations of the cellular and molecular mechanisms of physiology and behaviour have generally avoided attempts to explain individual differences. The goal has rather been to discover general processes. However, understanding the causes of individual variation in many phenomena of interest to avian eco-physiologists will require a consideration of such mechanisms. For example, in birds, changes in plasma concentrations of steroid hormones are important in the activation of social behaviours related to reproduction and aggression. Attempts to explain individual variation in these behaviours as a function of variation in plasma hormone concentrations have generally failed. Cellular variables related to the effectiveness of steroid hormone have been useful in some cases. Steroid hormone target sensitivity can be affected by variables such as metabolizing enzyme activity, hormone receptor expression as well as receptor cofactor expression. At present, no general theory has emerged that might provide a clear guidance when trying to explain individual variability in birds or in any other group of vertebrates. One strategy is to learn from studies of large units of intraspecific variation such as population or sex differences to provide ideas about variables that might be important in explaining individual variation. This approach along with the use of newly developed molecular genetic tools represents a promising avenue for avian eco-physiologists to pursue. [less ▲]

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See detailIndividual – to – resource landscape interaction strength can explain different collective feeding behaviours
Bode, Nikolai WF; Delcourt, Johann ULg

in PLoS ONE (2013), 8(10), 75879

Taking in sufficient quantities of nutrients is vital for all living beings and in doing so, individuals interact with the local resource environment. Here, we focus explicitly on the interactions between ... [more ▼]

Taking in sufficient quantities of nutrients is vital for all living beings and in doing so, individuals interact with the local resource environment. Here, we focus explicitly on the interactions between feeding individuals and the resource landscape. In particular, we are interested in the emergent movement dynamics resulting from these interactions. We present an individual-based simulation model for the movement of populations in a resource landscape that allows us to vary the strength of the interactions mentioned above. The key assumption and novelty of our model is that individuals can cause the release of additional nutrients, as well as consuming them. Our model produces clear predictions. For example, we expect more tortuous individual movement paths and higher levels of aggregation in populations occupying homogeneous environments where individual movement makes more nutrients available. We also show how observed movement dynamics could change when local nutrient sources are depleted or when the population density increases. Our predictions are testable and qualitatively reproduce the different feeding behaviours observed in filter-feeding ducks, for example. We suggest that considering two-way interactions between feeding individuals and resource landscapes could help to explain fine-scale movement dynamics. [less ▲]

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See detailIndividualisation de l'activité des élèves. Comparaison des propositions formulées lors de la présentation des tâches
Cloes, Marc ULg; Pirottin, Véronique; Ledent, Maryse et al

in Gréhaigne, J. F.; Mahut, N.; Marchal, D. (Eds.) Qu'apprennent les élèves en faisant des activités physiques et sportives?/What do people learn from physical activity program? Actes sur CD Rom du Congrès International de l'AIESEP (1999)

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See detailL'individualisation de l'enseignement dans une école multilatérale
de Landsheere, Gilbert ULg

in Education : tribune libre d'information et de discussion pédagogiques (1961), (69), 109-124

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See detailL'individualisation des traitements en institution d'éducation
Born, Michel ULg

in Bulletin de Liaison de l'Office de la Protection de la Jeunesse (1975), 1

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See detailIndividualiser la détention? L’accompagnement face à la gestion des risques
Dubois, Christophe ULg

Conference (2011, September 13)

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See detailIndividualisme, autonomie et dépendance dans la société contemporaine
Jacquemain, Marc ULg

Scientific conference (2003, March)

Du point de vue de la logique sociologique des conséquences inattendues, le papier tente de montrer que la véritable autonomie, comme le dit bien Richard Sennett, n'est de ne pas dépendre de personne (ce ... [more ▼]

Du point de vue de la logique sociologique des conséquences inattendues, le papier tente de montrer que la véritable autonomie, comme le dit bien Richard Sennett, n'est de ne pas dépendre de personne (ce qui définit la solitude ou l'exclusion), mais qu'elle se construit dans l'interdépendance mutuelle. L'article reprend et développe un des arguments esquissés dans "La Raison névrotique" [less ▲]

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See detailIndividualismo y sociedad
Jacquemain, Marc ULg

Scientific conference (2002, December)

Segun las mismas lienas que la critica de la escuela de Frankfurt, la conferencia expone como los nuevos "postmaterialisas" (Inglehart) son a la vez mas dispuestos a la democracia y la tolerancia pero al ... [more ▼]

Segun las mismas lienas que la critica de la escuela de Frankfurt, la conferencia expone como los nuevos "postmaterialisas" (Inglehart) son a la vez mas dispuestos a la democracia y la tolerancia pero al mismo tiempo, menos dispuestos a la solidaridad, lo que fragiliza precisamente la base misma del postmaterialismo [less ▲]

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See detailAn individualized and everyday life approach to cognitive rehabilitation in schizophrenia: A case illustration
Levaux, Marie-Noëlle ULg; Fonteneau, Benjamin; Laroi, Frank ULg et al

in Rehabilitation Research and Practice (2012)

Objective. The effectiveness of an individualized and everyday approach to cognitive rehabilitation for schizophrenia was examined in a case study. Method. After cognitive and functional assessment ... [more ▼]

Objective. The effectiveness of an individualized and everyday approach to cognitive rehabilitation for schizophrenia was examined in a case study. Method. After cognitive and functional assessment, concrete objectives were targeted for the person’s everyday complaints. Strategies were constructed based on an analysis of the cognitive profile, daily life functioning, and processes involved in activities. They included a memory strategy for reading, a diary to compensate memory difficulties, and working memory exercises to improve immediate processing of information when reading and following conversations. Efficacy was assessed with outcome measures. Results. The program had beneficial effects on the person’s cognitive and everyday functioning, which persisted at a 3-year follow-up. Conclusion. Findings provide suggestive evidence that an individualized and everyday approach may be a useful alternative in order to obtain ameaningfully lasting transfer of training to daily life, compared to the nomothetic ones which dominate the field. [less ▲]

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See detailIndividualized versus standardized exercise training for claudicant patients.
Magne, Julien ULg; Boccalon, H; Bouley, M et al

Conference (2003)

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See detailIndividualizing treatment of type 2 diabetes by targeting postprandial or fasting hyperglycaemia: Response to a basal vs a premixed insulin regimen by HbA quartiles and ethnicity.
Scheen, André ULg; Schmitt, H.; Jiang, H. H. et al

in Diabetes & metabolism (2015), 41(3), 216-222

AIM: This study evaluated the proportions of prandial (PHG) vs fasting hyperglycaemia (FHG) over 24h in a group of patients with type 2 diabetes (overall and for Caucasian vs Asian patients), and tested ... [more ▼]

AIM: This study evaluated the proportions of prandial (PHG) vs fasting hyperglycaemia (FHG) over 24h in a group of patients with type 2 diabetes (overall and for Caucasian vs Asian patients), and tested the hypothesis that an insulin regimen with a prandial component allows a greater response than basal insulin at low glycated haemoglobin (HbA1c) levels with a higher proportion of PHG than FHG. METHODS: Relative contributions of PHG and FHG to overall hyperglycaemia were analyzed by baseline HbA1c quartiles and by ethnicity at baseline and after 24-week treatment with either insulin glargine or insulin lispro mix 25 in the DURABLE study. RESULTS: With increasing baseline HbA1c, the mean relative contribution of PHG to the total area under the curve decreased (from 41% to 27%) while FHG was increased (from 59% to 73%). Both insulins decreased FHG, but only insulin lispro mix 25 decreased PHG. More patients with baseline HbA1c<9%, where PHG was more relevant, achieved the target HbA1c of<7% at endpoint with insulin lispro mix 25 compared with glargine. On average, Asians had a 10% larger contribution of PHG at all HbA1c quartiles, and a lower proportion of Asians reached the HbA1c target of<7% with either insulin treatment compared with Caucasians. CONCLUSION: At baseline, the contribution of FHG to overall hyperglycaemia predominated at all HbA1c quartiles, whereas PHG was more clinically relevant at lower HbA1c levels and with a greater response to insulin lispro mix 25. Asians had a greater proportion of PHG and a lesser response to either insulins compared with Caucasians. Thus, responses to diabetes drugs by baseline HbA1c and ethnicity are worth investigating to better target and individualize treatment. [less ▲]

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See detailL'indivision
Leleu, Yves-Henri ULg

in Brat, S.; Leleu, Yves-Henri; Van Gysel, A.-Ch. (Eds.) et al Union libre. Commentaire pratique (2005)

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See detailIndo-iranien *aruna
Swennen, Philippe ULg

in Journal Asiatique (2003), 291

In sanskrit, aruna- means "red, pink". In Avestan, occidental scholars translate auruna by "wild". Nothing explains this paradox between two words whose etymological equivalence is obvious. A precise ... [more ▼]

In sanskrit, aruna- means "red, pink". In Avestan, occidental scholars translate auruna by "wild". Nothing explains this paradox between two words whose etymological equivalence is obvious. A precise reading of the Rig-Vedic stanzas shows that the feminine form of this adjective always qualifies the Dawn. This systematic use modified the meaning of the adjective. Beyond its chromatic value, it indicates in the Rigvedic poetries the intermediate time linking day and night. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 18 (2 ULg)