Browsing
     by title


0-9 A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

or enter first few letters:   
OK
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailA Forward Genetic Screen Identifies Mutants Deficient for Mitochondrial Complex I Assembly in Chlamydomonas Reinhardtii.
Barbieri, M. R.; Larosa, Véronique ULg; Nouet, Cécile ULg et al

in Genetics (2011), 188

Mitochondrial Complex I is the largest multimeric enzyme of the respiratory chain. The lack of a model system with facile genetics has limited the molecular dissection of Complex I assembly. Using ... [more ▼]

Mitochondrial Complex I is the largest multimeric enzyme of the respiratory chain. The lack of a model system with facile genetics has limited the molecular dissection of Complex I assembly. Using Chlamydomonas reinhardtii as an experimental system to screen for Complex I defects, we isolated, via forward genetics, amc1 to 7 nuclear mutants (for assembly of mitochondrial complex I) displaying reduced or no Complex I activity. BN-PAGE and immunoblot analyses revealed that amc3 and amc4 accumulate reduced levels of the Complex I holoenzyme (950 kDa) while all other amc mutants fail to accumulate a mature complex. In amc1, 2, 5, 6, 7, the detection of a 700 kDa subcomplex retaining NADH dehydrogenase activity indicates an arrest in the assembly process. Genetic analyses established that amc5 and amc7 are alleles of the same locus while amc1 to 4 and amc6 define distinct complementation groups. The locus defined by the amc5 and amc7 alleles corresponds to the NUOB10 gene, encoding PDSW, a subunit of the membrane arm of Complex I. This is the first report of a forward genetic screen yielding the isolation of Complex I mutants. This work illustrates the potential of using Chlamydomonas as a genetically-tractable organism to decipher Complex I manufacture. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 25 (6 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailA forward genetic screen to identify hydrogenase-deficient mutants in the unicellular green alga Chlamydomonas reinhardtii
Emonds-Alt, Barbara ULg; Godaux, Damien ULg; Cardol, Pierre ULg et al

Poster (2014, June 15)

The ability of the unicellular green alga Chlamydomonas reinhardtii to evolve molecular hydrogen (H2) is due to the presence of oxygen-sensitive Fe-hydrogenases (HydA1/2), expressed in anoxic conditions ... [more ▼]

The ability of the unicellular green alga Chlamydomonas reinhardtii to evolve molecular hydrogen (H2) is due to the presence of oxygen-sensitive Fe-hydrogenases (HydA1/2), expressed in anoxic conditions that drive the photosynthetic electron flow to reduce protons into H2. In order to identify new players involved in H2 photoproduction in Chlamydomonas, an insertion mutant library was generated using cassettes conferring resistance to hygromycin or paromomycin. Hydrogenase activity is physiologically relevant during a transition from dark anoxia to light. In dark anoxic conditions, the cellular redox poise is high and the photosynthetic electron transport chain is fully reduced. Upon illumination, hydrogenase activity allows the reoxidation of photosynthetic intersystem electron carriers until oxic conditions and carbon fixation ability are restored. We thus designed an in vivo fluorescence imaging screen based on the different kinetics of photosynthesis induction between wild type and hydrogenase-deficient mutants [1]. At this stage, three putative hydrogenase mutants have been identified on 10,000 transformants. Molecular characterization of the insertion site of the resistance cassette by TAIL-PCR and genetic analyses of the linkage between the antibiotic resistance and the fluorescence phenotype showed that one mutant was untagged with the resistance while two tagged mutants were deficient for the HydG assembly factor. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 68 (14 ULg)
See detailForward models for EEG
Phillips, Christophe ULg; Mattout, Jérémie; Friston, Karl

in Friston, Karl; Ashburner, John; Kiebel, Stefan (Eds.) et al Statistical Parametric Mapping: the analysis of functional brain images (2007)

The book Statistical Parametric Mapping: The Analysis of Functional Brain Images (2007) provides the background and methodology for the analysis of all types of brain imaging data, from functional ... [more ▼]

The book Statistical Parametric Mapping: The Analysis of Functional Brain Images (2007) provides the background and methodology for the analysis of all types of brain imaging data, from functional magnetic resonance imaging to magnetoencephalography. Critically, "Statistical Parametric Mapping" provides a widely accepted conceptual framework which allows treatment of all these different modalities. The book takes the reader from the basic concepts underlying the analysis of neuroimaging data to cutting edge approaches that would be difficult to find in any other source. The material is presented in an incremental way so that the reader can understand the precedents for each new development. This book will be particularly useful to neuroscientists engaged in any form of brain mapping; who have to contend with the real-world problems of data analysis and understanding the techniques they are using. It is primarily a scientific treatment and a didactic introduction to the analysis of brain imaging data. It can be used as both a textbook for students and scientists starting to use the techniques, as well as a reference for practicing neuroscientists. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 17 (1 ULg)
Full Text
See detailForward observables at RHIC, the Tevatron Run II and the LHC
Cudell, Jean-René ULg; Ezhela, V. V.; Gauron, P. et al

in Fiore, R.; Jenkowszky, L. (Eds.) DIFFRACTION 2002, Interpretation of the New Diffractive Phenomena in Quantum Chromodynamics and in the S-Matrix Theory (2002)

We present predictions on the total cross sections and on the ratio of the real part to the imaginary part of the elastic amplitude (rho parameter) for present and future pp and pbar p colliders, and on ... [more ▼]

We present predictions on the total cross sections and on the ratio of the real part to the imaginary part of the elastic amplitude (rho parameter) for present and future pp and pbar p colliders, and on total cross sections for gamma p -> hadrons at cosmic-ray energies and for gamma gamma -> hadrons up to sqrt(s)=1 TeV. These predictions are based on a study of many possible analytic parametrisations and invoke the current hadronic dataset at t=0. The uncertainties on total cross sections, including the systematic theoretical errors, reach 1% at RHIC, 3% at the Tevatron, and 10% at the LHC, whereas those on the rho parameter are respectively 10%, 17%, and 26%. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 26 (7 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailForward Physics of Hadronic Colliders
Ivanov, Igor ULg

in Physics of Particles and Nuclei Letters (2013, December), 10(7), 739750

These lectures were given at the Baikal Summer School on Physics of Elementary Particles and Astrophysics in July 2012. They can be viewed as a concise introduction to hadronic diffraction, to the physics ... [more ▼]

These lectures were given at the Baikal Summer School on Physics of Elementary Particles and Astrophysics in July 2012. They can be viewed as a concise introduction to hadronic diffraction, to the physics of the Pomeron and related topics. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 13 (0 ULg)
Full Text
See detailForward Stagewise Additive Modeling for Computer Aided Diagnosis (CAD) Systems
Wehenkel, Marie ULg

Poster (2015, November 26)

Detailed reference viewed: 32 (7 ULg)
See detailForward-Backward Method with Nonquadratic Kernel for finding a Zero of a Sum of two Maximal Monotone Operators
Brohé, Myrana; Tossings, Patricia ULg

E-print/Working paper (2001)

An extension of the (nonexact-perturbed) forward-backward method for finding a zero of a sum of two maximal monotone operators is proposed, using a nonlinear metric, tied to Bregman functions. Results of ... [more ▼]

An extension of the (nonexact-perturbed) forward-backward method for finding a zero of a sum of two maximal monotone operators is proposed, using a nonlinear metric, tied to Bregman functions. Results of weak and strong convergence for a sequence generated by such a method are established, under similar assumptions to those appearing in the context of the proximal point algorithm. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 41 (2 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailForward-like functions for dual parametrization of GPDs from the nonlocal chiral quark model
Semenov-Tyan-Shanskiy, Kirill ULg

in European Physical Journal A -- Hadrons & Nuclei (2008), 36

Detailed reference viewed: 9 (0 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailForwarding Path Architectures for Multicore Software Routers
Egi, Norbert; Greenhalgh, Adam; Handley, Mark et al

in ACM CoNEXT 2010 Workshop Proceedings (2010, November)

Multi-core CPUs, along with recent advances in memory and buses, render commodity hardware a strong candidate for building fexible and high-performance software routers. With a forwarding plane physically ... [more ▼]

Multi-core CPUs, along with recent advances in memory and buses, render commodity hardware a strong candidate for building fexible and high-performance software routers. With a forwarding plane physically composed of many packet processing components and operations, resource allocation in multi-core systems is not trivial. Indeed, packets crossing cache hierarchies degrade forwarding performance, since the bottleneck is main memory access. Therefore, forwarding path allocation and input/output processing become challenging, especially when states and data structures have to be shared among multiple cores. In this context, we investigate a set of input/output processing architectures, as well as resource allocation strategies for forwarding paths. For each packet processing operation, we uncover the gains and possible implications by either running different components concurrently or replicating the same components across different cores. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 34 (1 ULg)
See detailForword to the French Edition
Martiniello, Marco ULg

in Savonardo, Lello (Ed.) Sociologie de la musique (2015)

Detailed reference viewed: 18 (0 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailFos expression in monoaminergic cell groups in response to sociosexual interactions in male and female Japanese quail.
Iyilikci, Onur; Baxter, Samantha; Balthazart, Jacques ULg et al

in Behavioral neuroscience (2014), 128(1), 48-60

Monoaminergic neurotransmitters regulate different components of sexual behaviors, but how the different monoaminergic cell groups selectively regulate these behaviors is not well understood. We examined ... [more ▼]

Monoaminergic neurotransmitters regulate different components of sexual behaviors, but how the different monoaminergic cell groups selectively regulate these behaviors is not well understood. We examined the potential contribution of these different cell groups in the control of different aspects of sexual behaviors in male and female quail. We used double-label immunohistochemistry, labeling the protein product of the immediate early gene, Fos, along with tyrosine hydroxylase (TH) or tryptophan hydroxylase (TPH), markers for catecholaminergic or indolaminergic cells, respectively. Rhythmic Cloacal Sphincter Movements (RCSM) were recorded as a measure of male appetitive sexual behavior. Consummatory sexual behaviors were evaluated based on the species-typical copulation sequence. Enhanced Fos expression in the medial preoptic nucleus and bed nucleus of the stria terminalis was observed in association with both physical and visual contact to the opposite sex for males, but not for females. Fos induction associated with physical contact was observed in the ventral tegmental area and anterior periaqueductal gray in both sexes. In males only, the number of Fos-immunoreactive (ir) cells increased in the visual contact condition in these 2 dopaminergic cell groups, however no significant effect was observed for double-labeled TH-Fos-ir cells. In addition, consummatory but not appetitive sexual behavior increased Fos expression in TPH-ir cells in the raphe pallidus of males. This increase following physical but not visual contact agrees with the notion that activation of the serotoninergic system is implicated in the development of sexual satiation but not activated by simply viewing a female, in contrast to the dopaminergic system. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 21 (1 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailFos Induction in the Japanese Quail Brain after Expression of Appetitive and Consummatory Aspects of Male Sexual Behavior
Tlemcani, O.; Ball, G. F.; D'Hondt, E. et al

in Brain Research Bulletin (2000), 52(4), 249-62

We investigated the expression of Fos, the protein product of the immediate early gene c-fos in the brain of male Japanese quail after they engaged in either appetitive or consummatory sexual behavior (i ... [more ▼]

We investigated the expression of Fos, the protein product of the immediate early gene c-fos in the brain of male Japanese quail after they engaged in either appetitive or consummatory sexual behavior (i. e., copulation). For 1 h, castrated males treated with testosterone were either allowed to copulate with a female or to exhibit a learned social proximity response indicative of appetitive sexual behavior. Control birds were either left in their home cage or placed in the experimental chamber but did not exhibit the appetitive sexual behavior because they had never learned it. Fos expression was studied with an immunocytochemical procedure in two sets of adjacent sections through the entire forebrain. These sections were immunolabelled with 2 different antibodies raised against a synthetic fragment corresponding to the 21 carboxy-terminal residues of the chicken Fos sequence. Contrary to the results of a previous study in which gonadally intact birds were used, Fos induction was observed neither in the medial preoptic nucleus nor in the nucleus intercollicularis in birds that had interacted for 1 h with a female. This may be related to a lower frequency of copulation in the testosterone-implanted birds than in intact birds, or to differences in the time the brains were collected after the birds engaged in sexual behavior between the two studies (60 min in this study, 120 min in the previous study). The performance of copulation and/or appetitive sexual behavior increased the number of Fos-immunoreactive cells in the ventral hyperstriatum, medial archistriatum, and nucleus striae terminalis. These increases were observed using both antibodies, although each antibody produced minor differences in the number of Fos-immunoreactive cells observed. Using one of the antibodies, but not the other, increases in Fos immunoreactivity were also observed in the nucleus accumbens and hyperstriatum after either copulation or appetitive sexual behavior. These differences illustrate how minor technical variations in the Fos immunocytochemical procedure influence the results obtained. These differences also show that Fos induction in a number of brain regions is observed after performance of consummatory (copulation) as well as appetitive (looking at the female) sexual behavior. This induction is, therefore, not related solely to the control of copulatory acts but, presumably, also to the processing in a variety of telencephalic association areas of stimuli originating from the female. The observation that increased Fos immunoreactivity is present in birds that had learned the response indicative of appetitive sexual behavior, and not in those that had not learned the behavior, further indicates that it is not simply the sight of the female that results in this Fos induction, but the analysis of the relevant stimuli in a sexually explicit context. Conditioned neural activity resulting from a learned association between the stimulus female and the performance of copulatory behavior may also explain some aspects of the brain activation observed in birds viewing, but not allowed to interact with, the female. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 22 (0 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailFoscolo pensatore europeo
Curreri, Luciano ULg

in L'Indice dei Libri del Mese (2006), (1), 26

Detailed reference viewed: 36 (3 ULg)
See detailFosse commune
Mouton, Charles ULg

Book published by Dricot (2005)

Detailed reference viewed: 19 (1 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailLe fossé entre vérité médiatique et vérité judiciaire : l'exemple de la mendicité en présence de ses enfants
Jacques, Elodie ULg

in Revue de la Faculté de Droit de l'Université de Liège (2011)

L'article traite de l'infraction d'exploitation de la mendicité (Art. 433 ter et quater du Code pénal).

Detailed reference viewed: 41 (8 ULg)
See detailfossil
Javaux, Emmanuelle ULg

in Gargaud et al (Ed.) Encyclopedia of Astrobiology (2011)

Detailed reference viewed: 16 (1 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailFossil bees and their plant associates
Michez, D.; Vanderplanck, Maryse ULg; Engel, M. S.

in Evolution of plant–pollinator relationships (2011)

The bees comprise a derived monophyletic group (Anthophila) of pollen-consuming (secondarily phytophagous) wasps of the superfamily Apoidea, and that diverged from a grade of predatory apoid wasps ... [more ▼]

The bees comprise a derived monophyletic group (Anthophila) of pollen-consuming (secondarily phytophagous) wasps of the superfamily Apoidea, and that diverged from a grade of predatory apoid wasps (formerly “Sphecidae”) sometime in the mid Cretaceous (∼120–125 megaannum) (Michener 1944, 1979, 2007; Brothers 1975, 1998; Alexander 1992; Ronquist 1999; Engel 2001a, 2011; Danforth et al. 2006). Seven contemporary families are usually acknowledged: Andrenidae, Apidae, Colletidae, Halictidae, Melittidae, Megachilidae and Stenotritidae, including ∼1200 genera and ∼20 000 species (Michener 2007; Engel 2005, 2011). Two fossil families are also described: Paleomelittidae from middle Eocene Baltic amber, and a stem-group, Melittosphecidae from Cretaceous Burmese amber which, as discussed below, may or may not be a bee (Engel 2001a; Poinar and Danforth 2006; Ohl and Engel 2007). Bees likely arose concomitantly with the diversification of flowering plants (angiosperms) (Michener 1979; Grimaldi 1999; Engel 1996, 2001a; Crepet et al. 2004; Grimaldi and Engel 2005). Represented by more than 250 000 described species, angiosperms are the most diversified group of vascular plants, covering nearly all terrestrial and many aquatic habitats (Soltis and Soltis 2004). The congruent rise of flowering plants and numerous phytophagous insect lineages, such as bees, ditrysian Lepidoptera, and various flowering-visiting beetles and flies, has fuelled the notion of coradiation between these lineages. Such a conclusion is supported by the observation of flowers with specific combinations of traits that are correlated with particular pollinators (Bronstein et al. 2006). Selection for insect-pollinated clades is also supported by the fact that deliverance by pollinators of unconsumed pollen to the host plant's female reproductive organs is clearly less stochastic and more efficient than alternative ancestral wind, water or gravity dispersive methods (Labandeira 1998). Lastly, association with pollinators increases opportunities for the evolution of specialization and subsequent diversification (Vamosi and Vamosi 2010). © The Systematics Association 2012. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 20 (0 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailFossil Biogeography: A new model to infer dispersal, extinction and sampling from paleontological data
Silvestro, Daniele; Zizka, Alexander; Bacon, Christine D. et al

in Philosophical Transactions : Biological Sciences (2016)

Detailed reference viewed: 83 (3 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailFossil Capacities in the Work of Janet Frame
Delrez, Marc ULg

in Journal of New Zealand and Pacific Studies (2014), 2(1), 69-81

The Guyanese novelist and critic Wilson Harris defines the word fossil in an idiosyncratic sense, to invoke ‘a rhythmic capacity to re-sense contrasting spaces and to suggest that a curious rapport exists ... [more ▼]

The Guyanese novelist and critic Wilson Harris defines the word fossil in an idiosyncratic sense, to invoke ‘a rhythmic capacity to re-sense contrasting spaces and to suggest that a curious rapport exists between ruin and origin as latent to arts of genesis’ – prior to hinting that such a ‘heterogeneous scale’ of temporality can be seen to exist within the fictional universe fashioned by Janet Frame. This, in turn, implies that any appreciation of her work’s embeddedness in local (South Pacific) realities must simultaneously take account of the depths of spatiality created by means of her particular aesthetics. This article attempts to address Frame’s strange interest in ghostly vestiges of superseded experience, which she expresses through recurring allusions to subterranean strata of landscape encrypting a sense of ‘epochs and ages gone’ – as she phrases this in Living in the Maniototo. Indeed her settings beg the question of a ‘native capacity’ (another Harrisian phrase) possibly underlying her approach to New Zealand contemporary culture. Intriguingly, she probes the matter through her repeated evocation of reputedly extinct animal species – dinosaur, moa, takahe – which she sees in some cases to be gesturing towards the possibility of resuscitation, as with the tuatara mentioned in Towards Another Summer, and quite in keeping with an aesthetics of excavation subordinated to her quest for occulted forms of being and knowing. As some of Frame’s characters conceive this, it is a matter of realising that ‘the human eye is not consistent’ and can be supplemented through a form of third-eye vision paradoxically inherited in spite of the losses of history. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 20 (2 ULg)