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See detailInvestigation on human cadaveric VOC by TD-GCxGC-TOFMS
Stefanuto, Pierre-Hugues ULg; Stadler, Sonja; Pesesse, Romain et al

Poster (2013, May)

The study of the ‘smell of death’ is a challenging task. Analytical chemists who try to understand human decomposition are facing very complex mixtures of analytes present at various levels. For the last ... [more ▼]

The study of the ‘smell of death’ is a challenging task. Analytical chemists who try to understand human decomposition are facing very complex mixtures of analytes present at various levels. For the last few decades, investigations have been conducted to better learn the process of body decomposition by mean of the measurement of the Volatile Organic Compounds (VOCs) released during decay1. However, the chemical profile of the decomposition odor is still far from being elucidated. Indeed, the complexity of the VOC mixtures makes this profiling difficult to be carried out by a classical gas chromatography mass spectrometry (GC-MS) approach. In previous studies, we developed direct-sampling based approaches for cadaveric VOC analysis from grave soils and decaying bodies by mean of thermal desorption (TD) coupled to comprehensive two-dimensional GC coupled to time-of-flight MS (GC×GC-TOFMS)2,3,4. They were based on the use of human analogs (Sus domesticus L. carcasses). For the present study, we investigated the VOC profile of early stage decomposition of human bodies. We analyzed samples collected during different trials organized during different seasons in a body farm located in Texas. Samples included environmental controls, pig carcasses, and human bodies (protected or not from scavenger insects). The data processing was performed in the light of identifying possible seasonal and species variations. Both peak capacity enhancement and spectral deconvolution helped to characterize VOC mixtures and improve comparisons of profiles. Acknowledgements: Human samples were collected during the project “Development and validation of standard operating procedures for measuring microbial populations for estimating a post-mortem interval” Grant Award No. 2010-DN-BX-K243. The authors of that grant are acknowledged for giving us the opportunity to access cadavers for sampling. 1. Vass, A.A. et al. Decompositional odor analysis database. J Forensic Sci (2004) 49, 1–10. 2. Brasseur C. et al. Comprehensive two-dimensional gas chromatography–time-of-flight mass spectrometry for the forensic study of cadaveric volatile organic compounds released in soil by buried decaying pig carcasses. J Chromatogr A (2012) 1255, 163–170. 3. Dekeirsschieter, J. et al. Enhanced characterization of the smell of death by comprehensive two-dimensional gas chromatography-time-of-flight mass spectrometry (GCxGC-TOFMS). PLoS ONE (2012) 7, e39005. 4. Stadler, S. Characterization of volatile organic compounds from human analogue decomposition using thermal desorption coupled to comprehensive two-dimensional gas chromatography-time-of-flight mass spectrometry. Anal Chem (2013) 85, 998–1005. [less ▲]

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See detailInvestigation on Laser-induced Breakdown Spectroscopy of Potassium Chloride Solution
Zhang, Wenyan; Lin, Zhaoxiang; Lu, Jidong et al

in Applied Laser (2007), 27(2), 121-123

The experimental setup for laser—induced breakdown spectroscopy test was designed with pulsed Nd:YAG laser,spectrograph and ICCD and so on.Furthermore the potassium chloride solution spectra signals were ... [more ▼]

The experimental setup for laser—induced breakdown spectroscopy test was designed with pulsed Nd:YAG laser,spectrograph and ICCD and so on.Furthermore the potassium chloride solution spectra signals were detected by this setup.The spectra lines of the trace elements such as natrium (20mg/1),magnesium(1 mg/1),calcium(3 mg/1)are recorded.Experiment results show that delay time is one of the important parameters when qualitative analysis.It is easy for LIBS technology to detect multi—elements simultaneity if delay time is appropriate,and qualitative analysis has demonstrated that the feasibility of detecting trace poisonous metals in waste water using LIBS、 [less ▲]

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See detailInvestigation on liquid maldistribution in packed beds by X-ray tomography
Marchot, Pierre ULg; Toye, Dominique ULg; Crine, Michel ULg et al

in Chemical Engineering Research & Design : Transactions of the Institution of Chemical Engineers Part A (1999), 77

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See detailInvestigation on placental lactogen in bovine foetus
Alvarez Oxiley, Andrea Vivian ULg

Doctoral thesis (2012)

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See detailInvestigation on prenatal endocrinology: preliminary results on long term catheterisation of bovine foetuses
Touati, Kamal ULg; Melo de Sousa, Noelita ULg; Gangl, M. et al

in Reproduction (Cambridge, England). Abstract Series (2004), 31

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See detailInvestigation on retained delta ferrite occurrence and its influence on HSS and Semi HSS Strengthening after thermomecanical routes
Tchuindjang, Jérôme Tchoufack ULg; Lecomte-Beckers, Jacqueline ULg

in Proceedings of Abrasion 2008 (2008)

The present work deals with use of DTA tests in order to understand the crystallisation behaviour of semi-HSS and HSS alloys, and to enhance their solid state transformations. Emphasis is laid on the ... [more ▼]

The present work deals with use of DTA tests in order to understand the crystallisation behaviour of semi-HSS and HSS alloys, and to enhance their solid state transformations. Emphasis is laid on the decomposition of the unexpected retained delta ferrite during thermal and thermomechanical treatment. [less ▲]

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See detailInvestigation on the Delay Time of Coal Experiment by Laser-induced Breakdown Spectroscopy
Li, Jie ULg; Lu, Jidong; Xie, Chengli et al

Conference (2006)

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See detailInvestigation on the Delay Time of Coal Experiment by Laser-Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy
Li, Jie ULg; Lu, Jidong; Xie, Chengli et al

in Spectroscopy and Spectral Analysis (2008), 28(4), 736-739

Laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy is a new technology of elementary analysis , and it will be used in coal analysis. The delay time of signal is an important parameter of spectral analysis. A LIBS ... [more ▼]

Laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy is a new technology of elementary analysis , and it will be used in coal analysis. The delay time of signal is an important parameter of spectral analysis. A LIBS system was set up and three kinds of coal (Jiangxipingxiang coal , Shanxixishan coal and Guizhoupingzhai coal) were chosen for this investigation. The spectra in the range of 240 to 250 nm and 275 to 290 nm of the each three coal samples are shown and they record several spect ral lines of components such as C , Mg and Si according to the NIST database. The temporal evolution of SNR of spectral line was obtained , and the value of SNR increased with the time delay , then decayed. The temporal evolution of SNR was different as the coal , element and spectral line differs. Finally, optimum delay time of each spectral lines of element s in the coal samples was calculated according to the biggest value of signal-to-noise ratio , and the relation between the characteristic of coal , element, spectral line and the optimum delay time was analyzed. [less ▲]

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See detailInvestigation on the equivalent viscous damping in direct displacement-based design
Degée, Hervé ULg; Bento, R.; Massena, B.

in Proceedings of the Congress SISMICA - 7º CONGRESSO DE SISMOLOGIA E ENGENHARIA SÍSMICA (2007)

It is generally stated that an accurate evaluation of the equivalent viscous damping is a crucial step in the Direct Displacement-Based Design (DDBD) methodology. In such a context, the main objective of ... [more ▼]

It is generally stated that an accurate evaluation of the equivalent viscous damping is a crucial step in the Direct Displacement-Based Design (DDBD) methodology. In such a context, the main objective of the present contribution is to assess and compare different existing equations aiming at evaluating the equivalent damping and to provide information of the practical consequences of choosing one or another of these equations in the design process. [less ▲]

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See detailInvestigation on the equivalent viscous damping in direct displacement-based design
Degée, Hervé ULg; Bento, R.; Massena, B.

Report (2007)

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See detailInvestigation on the High Efficiency Volume Bragg gratings performances for spectrometry in space environment: Preliminary results
Loicq, Jerôme ULg; Georges, Marc ULg; Gaspar Venancio, Luis Miguel

in Telescope and systems (2012, July)

The special properties of Volume Bragg Gratings (VBGs) make them good candidates for spectrometry applications where high spectral resolution, low level of straylight and low polarisation sensitivity are ... [more ▼]

The special properties of Volume Bragg Gratings (VBGs) make them good candidates for spectrometry applications where high spectral resolution, low level of straylight and low polarisation sensitivity are required. Therefore it is of interest to assess the maturity and suitability of VBGs as enabling technology for future ESA missions with demanding requirements for spectrometry. The VBGs suitability for space application is being investigated in the frame of a project led by CSL and funded by the European Space Agency. The goal of this work is twofold: first the theoretical advantages and drawbacks of VBGs with respect to other technologies with identical functionalities are assessed, and second the performances of VBG samples in a representative space environment are experimentally evaluated. The performances of samples of two VBGs technologies, the Photo-Thermo-Refractive (PTR) glass and the DiChromated Gelatine (DCG), are assessed and compared in the H, O2-B and NIR bands. The tests are performed under vacuum condition combined with temperature cycling in the range of 200 K to 300K. A dedicated test bench experiment is designed to evaluate the impact of temperature on the spectral efficiency and to determine the optical wavefront error of the diffracted beam. Furthermore the diffraction efficiency degradation under gamma irradiation is assessed. Finally the straylight, the diffraction efficiency under conical incidence and the polarisation sensitivity is evaluated. [less ▲]

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See detailInvestigation on the Role of the Viral Semaphorin encoded by the A3 Gene of Alcelaphine Herpesvirus 1 in the Induction of Malignant Catarrhal Fever
Myster, Françoise ULg; Palmeira, Leonor ULg; Vanderplasschen, Alain ULg et al

Poster (2011, July)

Alcelaphine herpesvirus 1 (AlHV-1) is a gammaherpesvirus carried by wildebeest asymptomatically. AlHV-1 is however responsible for the development of malignant catarrhal fever (MCF) when cross-species ... [more ▼]

Alcelaphine herpesvirus 1 (AlHV-1) is a gammaherpesvirus carried by wildebeest asymptomatically. AlHV-1 is however responsible for the development of malignant catarrhal fever (MCF) when cross-species transmitted to a variety of ruminant susceptible species. Wildebeest-derived (WD)-MCF is a fatal lymphoproliferative and degenerative disease of ruminants. Experimentally, WD-MCF can be reproduced in rabbits. A3 ORF encodes a putative semaphorin homolog protein, named AlHV-sema. Semaphorins are secreted and membrane-associated proteins characterized by a conserved ‘Sema’ domain. Initially identified as guidance factors assisting axons pathfinding during neural development, semaphorins have been shown over the last decade to have significant functions in various processes of immunoregulation. Phylogenetic analyses revealed that AlHV-sema and mammals Sema7A have a common ancestor and that AlHV-Sema has evolved independently of other viral semaphorins. Further bioinformatics analyses demonstrated that AlHV-Sema and cellular Sema7A share a highly similar tridimensional structure. In order to investigate the role of AlHV-Sema in WD-MCF induction, we used the AlHV-1 BAC clone and produced a strain deleted for A3 and a revertant strain. The strain deleted for A3 replicated comparably to the wild-type parental strain in vitro. In vivo, rabbits infected with the strain deleted for A3 developed WD-MCF with a small but significant delay compared to those infected with the parental and revertant strains. Deletion of A3 did not affect the increase of viral genomic charge over time in peripheral blood and in lymph nodes at time of death and the major histopathological lesions were present in all groups. Though infection with wild-type and revertant strains resulted in the inversion of CD8 over CD4 ratio and increased IFN- production in lymphoid tissues at time of death, both parameters were significantly reduced after infection with the A3 deleted strain. Together, these results suggest that AlHV-Sema play a role in the host response to AlHV-1 infection. [less ▲]

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See detailAn investigation on the sliding of pallets on storage racks subjected to earthquake
Degée, Hervé ULg; Denoël, Vincent ULg

in Proceedings of the 7th National Congres on Theoretical and Applied Mechanics (2006)

This article presents some basic aspects of a research about the evaluation of the effect of earthquakes on storage racking systems. In particular, it focuses on the possible sliding and friction of the ... [more ▼]

This article presents some basic aspects of a research about the evaluation of the effect of earthquakes on storage racking systems. In particular, it focuses on the possible sliding and friction of the stored good subjected to a horizontal inertial force. In the first part, a theoretical SDOF system is studied to derive general indications on the sliding behavior and to serve as a reference for the validation of a more advanced numerical model. The second part presents then an application of the numerical model to simple rack structures. [less ▲]

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See detailAn investigation on the use of GBT for the study of profiles with branched cross section
Degée, Hervé ULg; Boissonnade, N.

in Proceedings of the Fourth International Conferences on Coupled Instabilities in Metal Structures (2004)

This paper presents a formulation allowing the application of generalised beam theory (GBT) to the analysis of thin-walled members with branched open cross section. It is then applied to a simple example ... [more ▼]

This paper presents a formulation allowing the application of generalised beam theory (GBT) to the analysis of thin-walled members with branched open cross section. It is then applied to a simple example and compared with results obtained by the use of classical FE-models (beam elements or shell elements). [less ▲]

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See detailAn investigation on thermal performance of a low cost apartment in hot humid climate of Danang
Nguyen, Anh Tuan ULg; Reiter, Sigrid ULg

in Energy and Buildings (2012), 47

Low cost apartment has recently become one of the essential state policies to deal with rapid urbanisation and population boom in Vietnam. Thermal performance of a low cost apartment in Danang was ... [more ▼]

Low cost apartment has recently become one of the essential state policies to deal with rapid urbanisation and population boom in Vietnam. Thermal performance of a low cost apartment in Danang was examined using building simulation approach. The simulated results created by COMFIE were first calibrated by comparing them with measured data. The statistical indicators CV(RMSE) and NMBE as well as linear regression analysis were applied to assess the calibration. The calibrated model was then used to perform whole year simulations in which various ventilation and design strategies were applied. Thermal comfort potentials of these strategies were graphically defined by Brager’s adaptive comfort model from which the efficiency of each strategy was quantitatively determined. In the present paper, details of the calibration approach, assessment of simulated results and comparison of the findings were discussed. Results of these analyses revealed many notable findings which are in good agreement with those obtained from other publications. The limitation and recommendations for further study are also outlined. [less ▲]

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See detailInvestigation structurale par RMN 2D appliquée à l’analyse d’oligo- et poly-saccharides
Goffin, Dorothée ULg

Scientific conference (2008)

Dans cet exposé, diverses expériences 2D sont décrites et appliquées à l'analyse structurale d'oligosaccharides de structures proches. L'apport de chaque type d'expérience et les informations obtenues ... [more ▼]

Dans cet exposé, diverses expériences 2D sont décrites et appliquées à l'analyse structurale d'oligosaccharides de structures proches. L'apport de chaque type d'expérience et les informations obtenues sont mises en évidence afin de déterminer à la fois l'anomérie, le type de résidu et de liaisons ainsi que leur séquence. [less ▲]

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See detailInvestigations of migraine
Nappi, G.; Sandrini, G.; Schoenen, Jean ULg

in Ekbom, K. (Ed.) Migraine in General Practice: basic concepts (1993)

Detailed reference viewed: 5 (0 ULg)