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See detailThe future of obesity: new drugs versus lifestyle interventions.
Scheen, André ULg

in Expert Opinion on Investigational Drugs (2008), 17(3), 263-7

BACKGROUND: Obesity causes serious medical complications and impairs quality of life. However, its management remains challenging. OBJECTIVE: To assist health professionals who counsel patients who are ... [more ▼]

BACKGROUND: Obesity causes serious medical complications and impairs quality of life. However, its management remains challenging. OBJECTIVE: To assist health professionals who counsel patients who are overweight or obese by discussing the possible add-on value of new drugs over lifestyle interventions. METHODS: A critical analysis is made of the available evidence of the long-term efficacy of diet and exercise and/or anti-obesity agents such as orlistat, sibutramine and rimonabant. RESULTS/CONCLUSION: Lifestyle interventions remain the cornerstone of the treatment of obesity, but adherence is poor and long-term success is modest. Pharmacological agents may be useful adjuncts for improving weight loss and maintenance, and health outcomes, and should be continued in good responders. Drug therapy and lifestyle intervention are not opponent strategies, but should probably be combined to tackle obesity. [less ▲]

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See detailThe Future of Public Enterprises: Contributions to a new Discourse
Fecher-Bourgeois, Fabienne ULg; Florio, Massimo

in Annals of Public and Cooperative Economics = Annales de l'Economie Publique, Sociale et Coopérative (2011), 82(4), 361-516

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See detailThe Future of Public Enterprises: Contributions to a new Discourse
Fecher-Bourgeois, Fabienne ULg; Florio, Massimo

in Annals of Public and Cooperative Economics = Annales de l'Economie Publique, Sociale et Coopérative (2011), 82(4), 361-373

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See detailThe Future of Space-Based Interferometry
Carpenter, K. G.; Allen, R.; Benson, J. et al

in “Future Directions for Interferometry” (2006)

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See detailThe Future of the Court of Justice in EU Competition Law - New Role and Responsibilities
Petit, Nicolas ULg

in , in Court of Justice of the EU (Ed.), The Court of Justice and the Construction of Europe: Analyses and Perspectives on Sixty Years of Case-law (2013)

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See detailThe Future of the Court of Justice in EU Competition Law Copyright Year
Petit, Nicolas ULg

in The Court of Justice and the Construction of Europe: Analyses and Perspectives on Sixty Years of Case-law (2013)

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See detailThe Future of the Past: Architectural Heritage Guides as Handbooks for City Decoding and as a Blueprints for Urban design
Occhiuto, Rita ULg; De Fijter, Arie; Hautecler, Paul-Christian ULg

in Actes du Colloque (2013)

The recent UNESCO Recommendations on the historic hurban landscape insist on the opportunity to "shift from an emphasis on architectural monuments primarly" towards "a landscape approach" including "the ... [more ▼]

The recent UNESCO Recommendations on the historic hurban landscape insist on the opportunity to "shift from an emphasis on architectural monuments primarly" towards "a landscape approach" including "the broader urban context and its geographical setting", to understand historic urban landscape "as the result of a historic layerling, and to create new tools to adress this vision". Along this line of thought of thought, the proposed approach expands the traditional contents of architectural guides, providing keys to reconsider and evaluate the listed works' contribution to the evolution of their immediate surrounding, to the urban structure as a whole, up to the territorial scale. Moving from a design-oriented perspective and using the methods of urban morphology, the work consists mainly of set of original schemes, maps and drawings of Liège and its neighborhoods, as means to reveal the urban structure, its layerling over time, and the role of architectural heritage in clarifuing, enhancing, or even degrading the coherence of the urban artifact. Halfway between popular and scholarly literature, the forthcoming guides aim to become at both times "handbooks for city decoding" and blueprints for urban design. Providing tools lo read, comprehehen, and appreciate the part played by built heritage in a city's evolution and in the shaping of our daily environment helps to understand urban environments as a process bearing the overlapping influences of many experiments, partially implemented plans, competing visions and contradictory ideas. As a result, both the ordinary and specialized audience can possibly raise their awareness and perception of modernist architecture's legacy, but also learn how certain qualities were achieved and how certain local issues came about, acquiring relevant critical keys to take part as stakeholders or designers in the debate over the future city. [less ▲]

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See detailFuture perspectives in neurological recovery.
Martin, Didier ULg

Conference (1996, March 30)

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See detailThe future prevalence of sarcopenia in Europe
Ethgen, Olivier ULg; Tchoconte, C.; Beaudart, Charlotte ULg et al

in Osteoporosis International (2016, April), 27(Supplement 1), 53-54

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See detailFuture preventive therapy: are there promising drug targets
Schoenen, Jean ULg

in Headache Currents (2006), 3

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See detailFuture projections of the Greenland ice sheet climate simulated by the regional climate model MAR forced by 2 CMIP5 global models.
Fettweis, Xavier ULg; Franco, Bruno ULg

Conference (2012, February 14)

As part of the ICE2SEA project, the regional climate model MAR was forced by the global models HadCM3 and ECHAM5 for making future projections of the Greenland Ice Sheet (GrIS) Surface Mass Balance (SMB ... [more ▼]

As part of the ICE2SEA project, the regional climate model MAR was forced by the global models HadCM3 and ECHAM5 for making future projections of the Greenland Ice Sheet (GrIS) Surface Mass Balance (SMB) over 1980-2099 at a resolution of 25km. However, the comparison with MAR forced by the ERA-40 reanalysis over 1980-1999 shows that MAR forced by these GCMs is not able to represent reliably the current SMB due to biases in the general circulation and in the free atmosphere summer temperature modelled by these GCMs around the GrIS. <br /> <br /> That is why, we present here first results of MAR forced by the next generation of GCMs from the CMIP5 data base (CanESM2 and NorESM1 here). The comparison with the ERA-40 forced MAR simulations over current climate is a lot of better, which increases the reliability and the interest of these new MAR projections. In addition, the new scenarios (RCP 2.6, 4.5, 6.0 and 8.5) of the next IPCC Assessment Report (AR5) are used here. These new simulations show notably that the response of SMB to rising temperature is not a linear function of the temperature anomalies due to the positive albedo feedback which accelerates the surface melt. For 2100, in case of extreme rising temperature (RCP 8.5 scenario), MAR simulates a surface GrIS mass loss corresponding to a cumulated sea level rise of about 15 cm since 2000! Mainly the changes in SMB and in surface energy balance will be discussed here. [less ▲]

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See detailFuture projections of the Greenland ice sheet energy balance driving the surface melt
Franco, Bruno ULg; Fettweis, Xavier ULg; Erpicum, Michel ULg

in Cryosphere (The) (2013), 7

In this study, simulations at 25 km resolution are performed over the Greenland ice sheet (GrIS) throughout the 20th and 21st centuries, using the regional climate model MAR forced by four RCP scenarios ... [more ▼]

In this study, simulations at 25 km resolution are performed over the Greenland ice sheet (GrIS) throughout the 20th and 21st centuries, using the regional climate model MAR forced by four RCP scenarios from three CMIP5 global circulation models (GCMs), in order to investigate the projected changes of the surface energy balance (SEB) components driving the surface melt. Analysis of 2000–2100 melt anomalies compared to melt results over 1980–1999 reveals an exponential relationship of the GrIS surface melt rate simulated by MAR to the near-surface air temperature (TAS) anomalies, mainly due to the surface albedo positive feedback associated with the extension of bare ice areas in summer. On the GrIS margins, the future melt anomalies are preferentially driven by stronger sensible heat fluxes, induced by enhanced warm air advection over the ice sheet. Over the central dry snow zone, the surface albedo positive feedback induced by the increase in summer melt exceeds the negative feedback of heavier snowfall for TAS anomalies higher than 4 °C. In addition to the incoming longwave flux increase associated with the atmosphere warming, GCM-forced MAR simulations project an increase of the cloud cover decreasing the ratio of the incoming shortwave versus longwave radiation and dampening the albedo feedback. However, it should be noted that this trend in the cloud cover is contrary to that simulated by ERA-Interim–forced MAR for recent climate conditions, where the observed melt increase since the 1990s seems mainly to be a consequence of more anticyclonic atmospheric conditions. Finally, no significant change is projected in the length of the melt season, which highlights the importance of solar radiation absorbed by the ice sheet surface in the melt SEB. [less ▲]

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See detailFuture projections of the Greenland ice sheet mass balance using the regional climate MAR model coupled with the GRISLI ice sheet model
Wyard, Coraline ULg; Fettweis, Xavier ULg; Ritz, Catherine

Poster (2015, April 14)

During the two last decades, the Greenland ice sheet (GrIS) contribution to the global mean sea level rise has significantly increased. But, difficulties remain to assess GrIS future contribution because ... [more ▼]

During the two last decades, the Greenland ice sheet (GrIS) contribution to the global mean sea level rise has significantly increased. But, difficulties remain to assess GrIS future contribution because of large uncertainties linked to the feedback between the surface mass balance (SMB) and GrIS topography changes. The regional climate MAR model has been coupled with the GRISLI ice sheet model, in order to account of this feedback in the future projections. The aim of this study is to assess the pertinence of the MAR-GRISLI coupling which requires long computation time. In order to identify GRISLI sensitivity to MAR forcing, GRISLI has been forced with various non-coupled (i.e. using a fixed topography), coupled and modified non-coupled MAR outputs. To adapt the non-coupled MAR outputs to the GRISLI topography changes, we use an interpolation technique based on SMB vs elevation vertical gradient. These experiences evaluate the performances/limits of this interpolation technique used to avoid a RCM-ice sheet model coupling. [less ▲]

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See detailFuture projections of the Greenland ice sheet surface mass balance simulated by the regional climate model MAR forced by three CMIP5 global models.
Fettweis, Xavier ULg; Franco, Bruno ULg; Lang, Charlotte ULg et al

Conference (2012, September 11)

As part of the ICE2SEA project, the regional climate model MAR was forced by the global models HadCM3 and ECHAM5 for making future projections of the Greenland Ice Sheet (GrIS) Surface Mass Balance (SMB ... [more ▼]

As part of the ICE2SEA project, the regional climate model MAR was forced by the global models HadCM3 and ECHAM5 for making future projections of the Greenland Ice Sheet (GrIS) Surface Mass Balance (SMB) over 1980-2099 at a resolution of 25km. However, the comparison with MAR forced by the ERA-40 reanalysis over 1980-1999 shows that MAR forced by these GCMs is not able to represent reliably the current SMB due to biases in the general circulation and in the free atmosphere summer temperature modelled by these GCMs around the GrIS. That is why, we present here first results of MAR forced by the next generation of GCMs from the CMIP5 data base (CanESM2, NorESM1 and MIROC5 here). The comparison with the ERA-INTERIM forced MAR simulations over current climate is a lot of better, which increases the reliability and the interest of these new MAR projections. In addition, the new scenarios (RCP 2.6, 4.5, 6.0 and 8.5) of the next IPCC Assessment Report (AR5) are used here. These new simulations show notably that the response of SMB to rising temperature is not a linear function of the temperature anomalies due to the positive albedo feedback which enhances the surface melt. For 2100, in case of extreme rising temperature (RCP 8.5 scenario), MAR simulates a surface GrIS mass loss corresponding to a cumulated sea level rise (SLR) of about 15 cm since 2000! Mainly the changes in SMB and in surface energy balance will be discussed here and estimations of the GrIS surface melt contribution to the SLR using all the CMIP5 outputs will be given. [less ▲]

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See detailThe future sea-level rise contribution of Greenland's glaciers and ice caps
Machguth, H.; Rastner, P.; Bolch, T. et al

in Environmental Research Letters (2013), 8(025005), 14

We calculate the future sea-level rise contribution from the surface mass balance of all of Greenland's glaciers and ice caps (GICs, ~90 000 km2) using a simplified energy balance model which is driven by ... [more ▼]

We calculate the future sea-level rise contribution from the surface mass balance of all of Greenland's glaciers and ice caps (GICs, ~90 000 km2) using a simplified energy balance model which is driven by three future climate scenarios from the regional climate models HIRHAM5, RACMO2 and MAR. Glacier extent and surface elevation are modified during the mass balance model runs according to a glacier retreat parameterization. Mass balance and glacier surface change are both calculated on a 250 m resolution digital elevation model yielding a high level of detail and ensuring that important feedback mechanisms are considered. The mass loss of all GICs by 2098 is calculated to be 2016 ± 129 Gt (HIRHAM5 forcing), 2584 ± 109 Gt (RACMO2) and 3907 ± 108 Gt (MAR). This corresponds to a total contribution to sea-level rise of 5.8 ± 0.4, 7.4 ± 0.3 and 11.2 ± 0.3 mm, respectively. Sensitivity experiments suggest that mass loss could be higher by 20–30% if a strong lowering of the surface albedo were to take place in the future. It is shown that the sea-level rise contribution from the north-easterly regions of Greenland is reduced by increasing precipitation while mass loss in the southern half of Greenland is dominated by steadily decreasing summer mass balances. In addition we observe glaciers in the north-eastern part of Greenland changing their characteristics towards greater activity and mass turnover. [less ▲]

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See detailThe future soil capacity of Podzols to stabilize soil organic carbon through formation of imogolite
Cornelis, Jean-Thomas ULg; Caignet, Isabelle; Delvaux, Bruno

Scientific conference (2011)

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See detailFuture surface mass balance contribution of the Antarctic ice-sheet to sea level rise
Agosta, Cécile ULg; Fettweis, Xavier ULg; Krinner, Gerhard et al

Scientific conference (2012, December 04)

Most of the IPCC-AR4 global circulation models predict an increase of the Antarctic Surface Mass Balance (SMB) during the 21st century that would mitigate global sea level rise. High-resolution modeling ... [more ▼]

Most of the IPCC-AR4 global circulation models predict an increase of the Antarctic Surface Mass Balance (SMB) during the 21st century that would mitigate global sea level rise. High-resolution modeling is necessary to adequately capture the Antarctic SMB, that is why we present here a downscaling method leading to 15-km SMB resolution for century time-scales over Antarctica. Our first results show that a higher resolution induce at the same time more run-off but a significantly higher mitigation of sea level rise for the next centuries. [less ▲]

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See detailFuture Talks, Compte-rendu du colloque organisé par Die Neue Sammlung, The International Design Museum, les 22 et 23 octobre 2009 à Munich
Defeyt, Catherine ULg

in CeROArt : Conservation, Exposition, Restauration d'Objets d'Art (2010)

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See detailFuture thinking and the self
D'Argembeau, Arnaud ULg

Conference (2011, August 04)

Detailed reference viewed: 45 (4 ULg)