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See detailInvestigation of spectral impacts on the performance of a concentration device using a Fresnel lens combined with a double junction cell
Loicq, Jerôme ULg; Galante, Nicolas ULg; Thibert, Tanguy ULg et al

in Proc. SPIE 9140, Photonics for Solar Energy Systems V, 91400T (2014, May 15)

This experimental study was carried out within the context of high concentration photovoltaics. The paper presents the results of an experimental investigation relating to the quantification of the ... [more ▼]

This experimental study was carried out within the context of high concentration photovoltaics. The paper presents the results of an experimental investigation relating to the quantification of the impacts of the chromatic effect on the performance of a double junction GaInP/GaAs solar cell. Chromatic effects are the result of material dispersion caused by the refractive optics component. This study aims to evaluate the effect of the spectral modification of the incident beam on the whole solar concentrator system performance. Such considerations are fundamental in producing a highly accurate design, with which to achieve the best possible system performance. Efficiency is evaluated within the vicinity of the focus of a Fresnel lens designed for concentration. On the optical axis, rays with different wavelengths are not focalized at the same points. The spectral content of the beam depends, therefore, upon the position of the cell along the optical axis. It is assumed that spectral content modification may have an impact on cell performance and, as a consequence, on system efficiency as a whole. Efficiency of the optical Fresnel lens and of the cell were evaluated in relation to spectral content modification. [less ▲]

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See detailInvestigation of Structure-Fundamental/Functional Property Relationships of (Bio)-surfactants for a Rational Design of their Preparation and Use in Food and Non-food applications
Razafindralambo, Hary ULg

Conference (2012, May 01)

(Bio)-surfactants are among the most versatile compounds in our planet, either in nature or in biological systems, as well as in manufactured products. Increasing knowledge on the relationships between ... [more ▼]

(Bio)-surfactants are among the most versatile compounds in our planet, either in nature or in biological systems, as well as in manufactured products. Increasing knowledge on the relationships between their structure, fundamental properties, and functionalities in simple, and thereafter in more complicated models, are therefore the key factor on their rational preparation and use for any applications. In the present communication, the effect of different structural entities of (bio)surfactants, especially Carbohydrate-based amphiphilic compounds, including monomeric, oligomeric, and polymeric surfactants, on their interfacial properties at short time (under dynamic conditions) and long time (at the equibrium), and the impact of such fundamental properties through physico-chemical parameters on the formation and stability of colloidal systems (micelles, foams, emulsions) will be presented. Some perspectives in their applications will be discussed. [less ▲]

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See detailInvestigation of sudden death of calves after epileptic seizures due to hypomagnesaemia and hyperparathyroidism
Chevalier, Marine ULg; Lebreton, Pascal; Garnier, Catherine et al

in Revista Portuguesa de Buiatria (2012, June), (Special Edition),

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See detailInvestigation of the best suture pattern to close a stuffed Christmas turkey
Verwilghen, Denis ULg; Busoni, Valeria ULg; Van Galen, Gaby ULg et al

in Veterinary Record : Journal of the British Veterinary Association (2011), 169(26), 685-686

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See detailInvestigation of the Biological Activity and the Environmental Impact of Tunisian MSW Landfills
Mhiri, F.; Marouani, L.; Benzarti, A. et al

in Christensen; Cossu; Stegmann (Eds.) Proceedings Sardinia 03, Ninth International Waste Management and Landfill Symposium (2003)

This paper presents the results of the investigation of the biological activity that takes place in three municipal solid waste landfills (MSW landfills) situated in different regions of two dry climate ... [more ▼]

This paper presents the results of the investigation of the biological activity that takes place in three municipal solid waste landfills (MSW landfills) situated in different regions of two dry climate in Tunisia. Since the climatic water balance is negative (potential evapotranspiration being 1.5 to 5 times higher than rainfall), it has often been considered that this kind of landfill has neither environmental impact nor efficient biological activity. However, the three landfills revealed a biological activity with biogas often containing more than 60 percent of methane. Indeed, the upper waste layer that was effectively dry (dry weight from 85 to 98%), the core of refuse contained between 35 and 65% of dry matter. In some boreholes, the produced gases periodically expelled leachates like small geysers. Therefore, the results assess that landfill management in countries with dry climate should be considered with adapted technologies, not necessary the same as under temperate or humid climates. [less ▲]

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See detailInvestigation of the biological activity in MSW landfills under dry climates (Tunisia and Haiti)
Hiligsmann, Serge ULg; Lardinois, Mathias; Rodriguez, Christian et al

in Christensen; Cossu; Stegmann (Eds.) Proceedings Sardinia 01, Eight International Waste Management and Landfill Symposium (2001)

This paper presents the results of the investigation of the biological activity that takes place in four municipal solid waste landfills situated in different regions of two dry climate countries i.e ... [more ▼]

This paper presents the results of the investigation of the biological activity that takes place in four municipal solid waste landfills situated in different regions of two dry climate countries i.e. Haiti and Tunisia. Since the climatic water balance is negative (potential evapotranspiration being 1.5 to 5 times higher than rainfall), it has often been considered that this kind of landfill has neither environmental impact nor efficient biological activity. However, the four landfills revealed a biological activity with biogas often containing more than 60 percent of methane. Indeed, under the upper waste layer that was effectively dry (dry weight from 85 to 98 %), the core of refuse contained between 35 and 65 % of dry matter. In some boreholes, the produced gases periodically expelled leachates like small geysers. Therefore, the results assess that landfill management in countries with dry climate should be considered with adapted technologies, not necessary the same as under temperate or humid climates [less ▲]

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See detailInvestigation of the biological activity in MSW landfills under dry climates (Tunisia and Haiti)
Hiligsmann, Serge ULg; Lardinois, M.; Rodriguez, C. et al

in Kocasoy, G.; Atabarut, T.; Nuhoglu, I. (Eds.) Appropriate environmental and solid waste management and technologies for developing countries (2002)

This paper presents the results of the investigations carried out over two years (April 2000 – February 2002) to quantify the biological activity that develops in four municipal solid waste landfills ... [more ▼]

This paper presents the results of the investigations carried out over two years (April 2000 – February 2002) to quantify the biological activity that develops in four municipal solid waste landfills located in different regions of two dry climate countries i.e. Haiti and Tunisia. Since the climatic water balance is negative (potential evapotranspiration being 1.5 to 5 times higher than rainfall), it has often been considered that this kind of landfill has neither environmental impact nor efficient biological activity. However, after five campaigns of sampling and analysis at different seasons, the results of the investigations show a relatively stable biological activity in the four landfills with biogas often containing more than 60 percent of methane. Indeed, under the upper waste layer that was effectively dry (dry weight from 85 to 98 %), the core of refuse contained between 35 and 65 % of dry matter. In some boreholes, the produced gases periodically expelled leachates like small geysers. Therefore, the results assert that landfill management in countries with dry climate should be considered with adapted technologies, not necessary the same as under temperate or humid climates. [less ▲]

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See detailInvestigation of the capabilities of a new parallel pressurized liquid extraction (PLE) system for dioxins and PCBs in biological samples
Focant, Jean-François ULg; Cash, T. P.; Turner, W. E. et al

in Organohalogen Compounds (2007), 69

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See detailInvestigation of the cathodic electropolymerization of acrylonitrile, ethylacrylate and methylmethacrylate by coupled quartz crystal microbalance analysis and cyclic voltammetry
Baute, Noëlle; Martinot, Lucien; Jérôme, Robert ULg

in Journal of Electroanalytical Chemistry (1999), 472(1), 83-90

The cathodic electropolymerization of acrylonitrile (AN), ethylacrylate (EA) and methylmethacrylate (MMA), has been monitored for the first time by coupled electrochemical quartz crystal microbalance (QCM ... [more ▼]

The cathodic electropolymerization of acrylonitrile (AN), ethylacrylate (EA) and methylmethacrylate (MMA), has been monitored for the first time by coupled electrochemical quartz crystal microbalance (QCM) and cyclic voltammetry analyses. These data have been compared to the previously published analyses for methacrylonitrile (MAN). At the potential Ep1 of the less cathodic of the two voltammetric peaks observed (peak I), the polymer formed is anchored firmly to the cathode even in a good solvent for it, and it remains adsorbed when the voltammetric scan is repeated up to Ep1. In parallel, a linear relationship is observed between the frequency change recorded in situ by the QCM up to Ep1 and the PAN film thickness measured ex-situ by ellipsometry. However, when potentials more negative than peak I are scanned, the polymer desorption (degrafting) occurs as assessed by solubilization in a good solvent. Polymerization is also resumed but in solution and no longer as grafted chains. The major difference between the acrylic monomers (AN and EA) and the methacrylic ones (MMA and MAN) is that part of the methacrylic chains are not grafted at Ep1. This coexistence of adsorbed and desorbed chains is not observed for the polyacrylic chains in that potential range. The mass of PAN deposited onto the cathode has been approximated from the film thickness and the Sauerbrey equation, so allowing the Mn of the grafted chains to be estimated. [less ▲]

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See detailInvestigation of the death of calves after epileptiform seizures associated with metabolic disorders
Chevalier, Marine; Lebreton, Pascal; Garnier, Catherine et al

in Cattle Practice (2014), 22(1), 10-16

Death of calves after epileptiform seizures can be caused by metabolic disorders including hypomagnesaemia, although a range of other conditions may also be implicated and therefore also warrant ... [more ▼]

Death of calves after epileptiform seizures can be caused by metabolic disorders including hypomagnesaemia, although a range of other conditions may also be implicated and therefore also warrant investigation. Hypomagnesaemia is primarily observed in herds where calves are fed exclusively with either milk or milk substitute products. Hyperparathyroidism is associated with congestion and hypertrophy of the parathyroid gland and causes both hypercalcaemia and hypophosphataemia. However, its exact aetiology currently remains unclear. The purpose of this study was to explain epileptiform seizures in calves from a cattle herd presenting both deaths and decreased average daily gain (ADG). A Montbeliard herd with calves presenting epileptiform seizures from the age of five weeks was studied. The herd consisted of 39 cows and 46 calves. Tachycardia, nervousness and trampling, violent seizures of tetany lasting approximately 15 minutes were all observed, while opisthotonos was observed in 5 calves. Three of the latter calves died. The remaining calves presented a decreased ADG. Blood and urine biochemical assays were performed on 8 sick calves to determine the aetiology of the clinical signs. The assays revealed normo/hyper-calcaemia, hypophosphataemia and hypomagnesaemia, as well as hypocalciuria, hyperphosphaturia and hypomagnesuria. Deficiencies in iodine, iron and vitamins A, D3 and E were also reported in the herd. These calves could potentially be suffering from hyperparathyroidism. Hyperparathyroidism results in hypomagnesaemia, hypovitaminosis-A and, on occassion, hypercalcaemia and hypophosphataemia. This condition can lead to seizures, muscular problems, heart attacks and anorexia. The simultaneous occurrence of hypomagnesaemia, hyperparathyroidism and hypovitaminosis-A has been never described in related research literature. This is, therefore, in all likelihood a new metabolic disorder facing young cattle. Blood and urine biochemical assays are important tools for the detection of this pathological entity in calves. A dosage of parathyroid hormone (PTH) by the enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (EIA) method using a kit suitable for cattle can be used to detect hyperparathyroidism. [less ▲]

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See detailInvestigation of the determinants of the mental knowledge of public parking facilities
Cools, Mario ULg; van der Waerden, Peter; Janssens, Davy

in Proceedings of the 13th World Conference on Transport Research (2013)

This paper presents a study regarding the determinants of travellers’ mental knowledge of public parking facilities. The data regarding the mental knowledge were collected in the city of Hasselt, Belgium ... [more ▼]

This paper presents a study regarding the determinants of travellers’ mental knowledge of public parking facilities. The data regarding the mental knowledge were collected in the city of Hasselt, Belgium, by means of an internet-based questionnaire. In total 1007 respondents completed the questionnaire. Two different dependent variables were specified: the mental representation of parking facilities (known or not) and the identification of parking facilities (identified first or not). In addition, three different groups of determinants were included in the models: parking attributes, personal characteristics, and mental knowledge of the city. The data are analyzed using generalized estimating equations (GEE) models for binary data. The analyses show a considerable influence of the following parking attributes: type of parking facility, Park & Ride status, charged parking, number of places, and location of parking facility. Furthermore our study revealed that personal characteristics and mental knowledge of the city play a marginal role. [less ▲]

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See detailInvestigation of the Determinants of Travelers’ Mental Knowledge of Public Parking Facilities
Cools, Mario ULg; van der Waerden, Peter; Janssens, Davy

in Proceedings of the 92nd Annual Meeting of the Transportation Research Board (DVD-ROM) (2013)

This paper describes a study of car drivers’ familiarity with the parking situation in the vicinity of a regional shopping center. The data used for this study are collected in Hasselt, a medium sized ... [more ▼]

This paper describes a study of car drivers’ familiarity with the parking situation in the vicinity of a regional shopping center. The data used for this study are collected in Hasselt, a medium sized city in Belgium. The central shopping area of Hasselt is surrounded by 23 public parking facilities. 1007 residents have been asked to indicate if they are familiar with each parking facility. The concept of familiarity was related to the socio-demographic and cognitive attributes of the respondents, their trips to the city center and the type of parking facility using multinomial logistic regression and bivariate probit regression. The results show that familiarity with parking facilities is especially related to age and education, and to the frequency of car use towards the city centre, and to a lesser extent to place of residence, income and perceived mental knowledge. In addition to these results, this paper demonstrates the value of collecting virtual buffer data by means of an online survey tool. The authors recommend that simulation models that predict parking choice behavior take into account the different levels of familiarity with parking facilities, and the contributing factors. An important avenue for further research is the combination of personal and facility specific information to assess the familiarity with different types of parking facilities. [less ▲]

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See detailInvestigation of the effect of different extracellular factors on the lipase production by Yarrowia lipolityca on the basis of a scale-down approach
Kar, Tambi ULg; Delvigne, Frank ULg; Masson et al

in JOURNAL OF INDUSTRIAL MICROBIOLOGY & BIOTECHNOLOGY (2008), 35(9), 1053-1059

The influence of three extracellular factors (namely, the methyl oleate dispersion in the broth, the dissolved oxygen variations, and the pH fluctuation) on the lipase production by Y. lipolytica in batch ... [more ▼]

The influence of three extracellular factors (namely, the methyl oleate dispersion in the broth, the dissolved oxygen variations, and the pH fluctuation) on the lipase production by Y. lipolytica in batch bioreactor has been investigated in different scale-down apparatus. These systems allow to reproduce the hydrodynamic phenomena encountered in large-scale equipments for the three specified factors. The effects of the extracellular factors have been observed at three distinct levels: the microbial growth, the extracellular lipase production, and the induction of the gene LIP2 encoding for the main lipase of Y. lipolytica. Among the set of environmental factors investigated, the dissolved oxygen fluctuations generated in a controlled scale-down reactor (C-SDR) have led to the more pronounced physiological effect by decreasing the LIP2 gene expression level. The other environmental factors observed in a partitioned scale-down reactor, i.e., the methyl oleate dispersion and the pH fluctuations, have led to a less severe stress traduced only by a decrease of the microbial yield and thus of the extracellular lipase specific production rate. [less ▲]

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See detailInvestigation of the effect of exercise on the innate immunity in horses
Frellstedt, Linda ULg; Gosset, Philippe; Desmet, Christophe ULg et al

Poster (2012, October 19)

Detailed reference viewed: 37 (14 ULg)
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See detailInvestigation of the effect of salbutamol and prenisolone on lung function test in healthy dogs with experimentally induced airway inflammation
Bolognin, M.; Talavera, J.; Bernaerts, Frederique ULg et al

in 16th ECVIM Meeting - Amsterdam - Nederlands - Septembre 2006 (2006, September)

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See detailAn investigation of the effects of daily physical education in kindergarten and elementary schools
Piéron, Maurice ULg; Cloes, Marc ULg; Delfosse, Catherine et al

in European Physical Education Review (1996), 2(2), 116-132

The project used different methods of data collection: tests, questionnaires and systematic observation of pupils and teachers. In developing a multiple viewpoint approach, we attenpted to sketch a ... [more ▼]

The project used different methods of data collection: tests, questionnaires and systematic observation of pupils and teachers. In developing a multiple viewpoint approach, we attenpted to sketch a detached view of the implementation of DPE and of tis results. Goals were as follows: (1) Exploring the possible effects of the programme in various areas of children's life that do not arise directly from their activities during physical education lessons. (2) Identifying children's school-life context, in order to identify factors influencing several effects of DPE. The various viewports considered, the results, and the knowledge of external variables all allowed us to identify a convergent package of indications, thus allowing us to think in terms of causality. Often, the benefits came from the children's involvement in the experimental programme. Improvements of motor performance in primary school age children arise from a maturation process and from practice and learning. Nevertheless, it is particularly hard to identify the relative contributions of these two sources. Tracing pupil's development, fro the starting level at beginning of the school year, appeared to allow isolation of the part played by children's activities whitin the school environement. In all grade levels, comparisons confirmed pilot classes superiority. Performances were significantly better in many tests. However, during the year, it seemed that the development of performance due to maturation masked the potential effects of physical activities. A decline in favourable attitudes was observed in every school at the beginning and the end of the school year. A slide from very favourable attitudes towards simply favourable attitudes was observed. ... [less ▲]

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See detailInvestigation of the effects of histamine inhalation on the tracheobronchial tree of calves by the forced oscillation technique.
Gustin, Pascal ULg; Dhem, A.R.; Lekeux, Pierre ULg et al

in Journal of Veterinary Pharmacology & Therapeutics (1988), 11(4), 374-380

Effects of histamine inhalation were investigated with two different techniques in nine conscious, healthy calves. The oesophageal balloon technique was used to measure the dynamic respiratory compliance ... [more ▼]

Effects of histamine inhalation were investigated with two different techniques in nine conscious, healthy calves. The oesophageal balloon technique was used to measure the dynamic respiratory compliance (Cdyn) and the pulmonary resistance (RL). The reactance (Xrs) and the resistance (Rrs) of the respiratory system were measured at high frequencies by the forced oscillation technique. These parameters were recorded before and after histamine inhalation. Three histamine dihydrochloride solution concentrations were used (16 mg/ml; 32 mg/ml; 64 mg/ml). Histamine inhalation induced a decrease in Cdyn and Xrs an increase in Rrs, RL and of the resonant frequency and a negative frequency dependence of Rrs. Some of these changes were satisfactorily correlated with the histamine solution concentrations. The resonant frequency was well correlated with Cdyn. It was concluded that histamine inhalation induces a decrease of the calibre of small and large airways and a non-homogeneous behaviour of the pulmonary ventilation in awake calves. The forced oscillation technique can be used to perform an inhalation provocation test in unsedated animals. [less ▲]

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See detailInvestigation of the Efficiency of the Ti555 Compared with TA6V Alloy in the Case of an Aeronautic Application
Ben Bettaieb, Mohamed ULg; Van Hoof, T.; Zhang, Lihong ULg et al

in Proceedings of the 12th World Conference on Titanium (2011)

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See detailInvestigation of the efficiency of the Ti555 compared with TA6V alloy in the case of an aeronautic application
Ben Bettaieb, Mohamed ULg; Van Hoof, T.; Zhang, Lihong ULg et al

in The 12th World Conference on Titanium Ti-2011 (2011)

Detailed reference viewed: 21 (6 ULg)