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See detailHigh temperature catalysts through sol-gel synthesis
Lecloux, A. J.; Pirard, Jean-Paul ULg

in Journal of Non-Crystalline Solids (1998), 225

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See detailHIGH TEMPERATURE CORROSION RESISTANCE OF METALLIC MATERIALS IN HARSH CONDITIONS
Novello, Frederic; Dedry, Olivier ULg; De Noose, Vincent et al

in Lecomte-Beckers, Jacqueline; Dedry, Olivier; Oakey, John (Eds.) et al Proceedings of the 10th Conference on Materials for Advanced Power Engineering 2014 (2014, September)

Highly efficient energy recovery from renewable sources and from waste incineration causes new problems of corrosion at high temperature. A similar situation exists for new recycling processes and new ... [more ▼]

Highly efficient energy recovery from renewable sources and from waste incineration causes new problems of corrosion at high temperature. A similar situation exists for new recycling processes and new energy storage units. These corrosions are generally considered to be caused by ashes or molten salts, the composition of which differs considerably from one plant to another. Therefore, for the assessment of corrosion-resistance of advanced materials, it is essential to precisely evaluate the corrosion rate under conditions close to industrial conditions. To be able to advise their customers in selecting the right material or the right protective coating, the present authors are developing testing equipment and related procedures to assess the high temperature corrosion rate of metallic materials. This paper describes the testing equipment developed so far and presents the first results obtained in two corrosive environments: the aggressive condensates that affect waste incinerators (mixture of liquid/solid salts in oxidising conditions) and heat transfer fluids of electric power generating plants based on solar towers (mixture of liquid salts). Temperatures range from 400 to 650°C. Tested materials include 16Mo3 (0.3% molybdenum steel alloy), Inconel 625 (austenitic nickel-chromium-based superalloys), Nickel 200, Ni-57CrMoSiB (nickel-base coating with high chromium content and boron as additional element) and Grade 91 (9% chrome- 1% molybdenum steel alloy). [less ▲]

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See detailHigh temperature crossover in paraconductivity of granular Y1Ba2Cu3O7-y
Ausloos, Marcel ULg; Gillet, François ULg; Laurent, Christian et al

in Zeitschrift für Physik. B, Condensed Matter (1991), 84(1), 13-16

We have examined the deviation from linearity of the temperature dependence of the electrical resistivity of a YBaCuO ceramics. We have observed at high temperature a crossover behavior toward a ... [more ▼]

We have examined the deviation from linearity of the temperature dependence of the electrical resistivity of a YBaCuO ceramics. We have observed at high temperature a crossover behavior toward a logarithmic temperature dependence at lower temperature. It seems relevant to attribute the origin of such a term to a pair breaking mechanism contribution, thus to give a lower bound to the existence of superconductivity fluctuations onset temperature. Our findings also implies that carriers are bosons above T(c). [less ▲]

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See detailHigh temperatures limit plant growth but hasten flowering in root chicory (Cichorium intybus) independently of vernalisation.
Mathieu, Anne-Sophie; Lutts, Stanley; Vandoorne, Bertrand et al

in Journal of Plant Physiology (2013), in press

An increase in mean and extreme summer temperatures is expected as a consequence of climate changes and this might have an impact on plant development in numerous species. Root chicory (Cichorium intybus ... [more ▼]

An increase in mean and extreme summer temperatures is expected as a consequence of climate changes and this might have an impact on plant development in numerous species. Root chicory (Cichorium intybus L.) is a major crop in northern Europe, and it is cultivated as a source of inulin. This polysaccharide is stored in the tap root during the first growing season when the plant grows as a leafy rosette, whereas bolting and flowering occur in the second year after winter vernalisation. The impact of heat stress on plant phenology, water status, photosynthesis-related parameters, and inulin content was studied in the field and under controlled phytotron conditions. In the field, plants of the Crescendo cultivar were cultivated under a closed plastic-panelled greenhouse to investigate heat-stress conditions, while the control plants were shielded with a similar, but open, structure. In the phytotrons, the Crescendo and Fredonia cultivars were exposed to high temperatures (35 °C day/ 28 °C night) and compared to control conditions (17 °C) over 10 weeks. In the field, heat reduced the root weight, the inulin content of the root and its degree of polymerisation in non-bolting plants. Flowering was observed in 12% of the heat stressed plants during the first growing season in the field. In the phytotron, the heat stress increased the total number of leaves per plant, but reduced the mean leaf area. Photosynthesis efficiency was increased in these plants, whereas osmotic potential was decreased. High temperature was also found to induce flowering of up to 50% of these plants, especially for the Fredonia cultivar. In conclusion, high temperatures induced a reduction in the growth of root chicory, although photosynthesis is not affected. Flowering was also induced, which indicates that high temperatures can partly substitute for the vernalisation requirement for the flowering of root chicory [less ▲]

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See detailHigh temporal coverage of carbon dioxide measurements in the Southern Bight of the North Sea
Schiettecatte, L. S.; Thomas, H.; Bozec, Y. et al

in Marine Chemistry (2007), 106(1-2), 161-173

A monthly survey of the partial pressure of CO2 (pCO2) was carried in the Southern Bight of the North Sea (SBNS) from June 2003 to May 2004. The spatial variability of the surface distribution of the pCO2 ... [more ▼]

A monthly survey of the partial pressure of CO2 (pCO2) was carried in the Southern Bight of the North Sea (SBNS) from June 2003 to May 2004. The spatial variability of the surface distribution of the pCO2 was relatively small (within a range of 10–70 μatm) compared to the amplitude in the seasonal signal (∼260 μatm). On an annual scale, the pCO2 dynamics appeared to be controlled by biological processes (primary production in springtime and respiratory processes in summer), rather than temperature (in summer). The comparison with measurements carried out in 2001 and 2002 (13 cruises) shows that the inter-annual variability of pCO2 was close to the range of the spatial variability and mostly observed in spring, associated to biological processes (primary production). Net ecosystem production estimated from dissolved inorganic carbon (DIC) temporal variations showed that the SBNS is autotrophic, at an annual rate of 6.3 mol C m−2 yr−1. The decoupling in time between autotrophy in spring and heterotrophy in summer, associated to the relatively rapid flushing time of the water mass in the area (∼70 days), might allow the export of a fraction of the springtime synthesized organic matter to the adjacent areas of the North Sea. The SBNS was on a yearly basis a sink of atmospheric CO2 at a rate of −0.7 mol C m−2 yr−1. [less ▲]

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See detailHigh Throughput determination of Levonorgestrel in human plasma using a Sensitive LC-MS/MS method
Hubert, Cédric ULg; Streel, Bruno; Sibenaler, Renilde et al

Poster (2011, June 19)

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See detailHigh throughput sequencing analysis reveals genetic variability and selection pressure in different murine norovirus genomic regions during in vitro replication
Mauroy, Axel ULg; Taminiau, Bernard ULg; Nezer, Carine et al

Poster (2014, July)

Murine norovirus (MuNoV), a single stranded positive sense RNA virus belonging to the Caliciviridae family, is considered as a representative model for human norovirus infections, one of the most ... [more ▼]

Murine norovirus (MuNoV), a single stranded positive sense RNA virus belonging to the Caliciviridae family, is considered as a representative model for human norovirus infections, one of the most important etiological cause of both epidemic and sporadic gastroenteritis cases worldwide. Four open reading frames are described into its genome: ORF1 codes the non-structural (NS) proteins, including the viral RNA dependent RNA polymerase (RdRp); ORF2 codes the single capsid protein (VP1), wherein two domains are present: a relatively conserved domain (“shell”) and a more variable domain (“protruding”); ORF3 codes a minor structural protein; and ORF4, currently only found in viruses genetically related to MuNoV codes a virulence factor. In this study, we demonstrated by high throughput sequencing that, during serial passages of MuNoV in cell culture, the substitution rates, estimated by Bayesian inferences, did not significantly differ across the five targeted genomic regions except one. These rates were similar in four genomic regions encompassing partial non-structural 1-2 protein (NS1-2)-, NS5-, NS6-, NS7 (RdRp)- and VP1-coding sequences (coding the conserved part of the protein also including the ORF4 region). In the partial minor structural protein-coding region, this substitution rate was however estimated to be at least one log higher when expressed as substitution/site/day. The precise localisation of the detected nucleotide point mutations (substitution, deletion and insertion) were reported as well as the quantitative increase or decrease of the sequences harbouring them along ten cell culture passages. The non-silent amino acid mutations were also depicted in 3D models for four out of the five studied regions. These results have important implications for different norovirus research fields, especially in terms of diagnosis, classification methodology and genetic evolution. [less ▲]

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See detailHigh Throughput sequencing and biological research: Paradigm switches from genetics to ecophysiology
Massart, Sébastien ULg

Scientific conference (2014, June)

A technological revolution is ongoing in sequencing and is deeply impacting biological research. This leads to paradigm switches in traditional « sequencing-friendly » areas, like genetic or microbiology ... [more ▼]

A technological revolution is ongoing in sequencing and is deeply impacting biological research. This leads to paradigm switches in traditional « sequencing-friendly » areas, like genetic or microbiology, but also expands the usefulness of sequencing in other areas such as ecophysiology or ecology. [less ▲]

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See detailHigh throughput sequencing of aphid haemolymph reveals endosymbiont diversity
De Clerck, Caroline ULg; Leonard, Simon; Joncour, Pauline et al

Conference (2014, May 20)

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See detailHigh TMEM45A expression is correlated to epidermal keratinization
Hayez, Aurélie; Malaisse, Jérémy; Rogiers, Edith et al

in Experimental Dermatology (2014), 23

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See detailHigh transmission efficiency for surface plasmon resonance by use of a dielectric grating
Lenaerts, Cedric ULg; Michel, Fabrice ULg; Tilkens, Bernard et al

in Applied Optics (2005), 44(28), 6017-6022

The efficiency of the transmission of surface plasmon waves by use of a dielectric diffraction grating is discussed. The Kretschmann device allows us to obtain a surface plasmon resonance that consists of ... [more ▼]

The efficiency of the transmission of surface plasmon waves by use of a dielectric diffraction grating is discussed. The Kretschmann device allows us to obtain a surface plasmon resonance that consists of an absorption peak in the reflection spectrum. When surface plasmon resonance occurs, the TM-polarization mode of the incident electromagnetic wave is neither transmitted nor reflected. The procedure to transform an absorption peak into a transmission peak is described. Transmittivity of 68% is obtained for a simple structure that consists of a thin-film layer of Ag coated on a volume diffraction grating and embedded between two dielectric media. The results presented herein were obtained by numerical simulations that were carried out by use of an algorithm based on the rigorous coupled-wave theory. [less ▲]

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See detailHigh Vibration Sensors: Modelling, Design and Integration
Rochus, Véronique ULg; Gutschmidt, Stefanie; Golinval, Jean-Claude ULg et al

in Proceedings of Thermal, Mechanical and Multiphysics Simulation and Experiments in Micro-Electronics and Micro-systems EuroSime (2009)

Since many years, the University of Liège is involved in micro-electronics and microelectromechanical systems modelling, design and integration. Recently, the University of Liege had received the ... [more ▼]

Since many years, the University of Liège is involved in micro-electronics and microelectromechanical systems modelling, design and integration. Recently, the University of Liege had received the opportunity to build a brand new infrastructure (clean rooms – ISO 7) with specific equipments for packaging and MEMS characterisation. This new facility (clean rooms and equipments) enables the University to be very well positioned in the nano/micro-electronics modelling, analysis and packaging world and is now able to answer specific research and related industrial needs. In this paper we consider the design of a vibration sensor in its significantly vibrating surroundings and investigate in its dynamical behaviour. Environmental vibrations affect the sensor part of the MEMS device and influence the choice of the “best” packaging methods for the application. Within the framework of packaging, we consider a simple test application ensuring best interconnection technology. Dynamical investigations include a preliminary analysis of the packaging and a separate finite-element analysis of the MEMS device (inside the package), testing the device under the condition of a harsh environment (high vibration spectral level). Computations are proposed in combination with experimental observations. [less ▲]

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See detailHigh Voltage overhead lines. Three mechanisms to avoid bundle galloping.
Lilien, Jean-Louis ULg; Chabart, Olivier

in Proceedings of the 1st ISCD 1995 (1995, October)

Galloping of power lines on bunde conductor may be subject to galloping. In this paper three mechanisms of galloping which may occor with bundle conductor lines are described and explained, which helps to ... [more ▼]

Galloping of power lines on bunde conductor may be subject to galloping. In this paper three mechanisms of galloping which may occor with bundle conductor lines are described and explained, which helps to think about prevention of these galloping. [less ▲]

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See detailThe High Water-Holding Capacity Of Pea Inner Fibers Affects The Ileal Flow Of Endogenous Amino Acids In Pigs
Leterme, Pascal; Froidmont, Eric; Rossi, Florence et al

in Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry (1998), 46(5), 1927-1934

Pigs were fed protein-free diets containing different pea inner fiber (PIF) isolates (from wrinkled or smooth peas, unprocessed or micronized) or different PIF levels (from 50 to 200 g/kg diet), and the ... [more ▼]

Pigs were fed protein-free diets containing different pea inner fiber (PIF) isolates (from wrinkled or smooth peas, unprocessed or micronized) or different PIF levels (from 50 to 200 g/kg diet), and the flows of endogenous N and amino acids were measured at the ileum level. The flows were better correlated to the water-holding capacity (WHC) of the diet than to fiber intake (R2 = 0.996 vs 0.76, respectively). The relationship with WHC was of the exponential type, with a high increase when the WHC exceeded 3 g of water/g diet. A similar pattern and correlation (R2 = 0.98) was obtained for the ileal flow of nucleobases (markers of epithelial cells and bacteria), whereas the relationships with crude mucus (R2 = 0.96) and diaminopimelic acid (marker of bacteria, R2 = 0.55) were linear. N retention by pigs fed with 0, 30, 60, or 90 g/kg of dry matter (DM) of the same protein isolates did not differ significantly in pigs receiving a 40 or 160 g of PIF/kg diet, despite significant differences in ileal N and amino acid flows between the two fiber levels (2.0 and 3.1 g of N/kg of DM intake, on average). These results and those of the flow of endogenous N compounds suggest an effect of the swollen fibers on the intestinal wall rather than a disturbance of the digestive processes. [less ▲]

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See detailHigh yield radiosynthesis of p-[F-18]MPPF, 5-HT1A antagonist, and PET studies in cat brain.
Le Bars, D.; Lemaire, Christian ULg; Plenevaux, Alain ULg et al

in Journal of Nuclear Medicine : Official Publication, Society of Nuclear Medicine (1997), 38

Detailed reference viewed: 20 (2 ULg)
See detailHigh yield synthesis of a new Na-channel marker, [3H]-ethylenediamine ditetrodotoxin, EDD-TTX.
Grandfils, Christian ULg; Bettendorff, Lucien ULg; Schoffeniels, Ernest et al

in Changeux, Jean-Pierre; Maelicke, A.; Neumann, E. (Eds.) Molecular Basis of Nerve Activity (1985)

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See detailHigh- and low-temperature manipulation during late incubation: effects on embryonic development, the hatching process, and metabolism in broilers.
Willemsen, H.; Kamers, B.; Dahlke, F. et al

in Poultry science (2010), 89(12), 2678-90

Temperatures continuously higher and lower than the standard incubation temperature by 3 degrees C from embryonic d 16 until embryonic d 18.5 result in differential effects on embryonic development, the ... [more ▼]

Temperatures continuously higher and lower than the standard incubation temperature by 3 degrees C from embryonic d 16 until embryonic d 18.5 result in differential effects on embryonic development, the hatching process, and embryonic metabolism. Embryos in the high-temperature group were forced into a state of malnutrition by the temperature treatment, as reflected by reduced embryo growth and yolk consumption, resulting in a significantly lower chick weight at hatch. In addition, altered air cell and blood gases as well as a retarded hatching process further indicated reduced growth of embryos exposed to higher incubation temperatures during the latter part of incubation. In addition, hatchability was significantly reduced by the high-temperature treatment due to higher embryonic mortality during the treatment period and the hatching process. Levels of blood glucose, lactate, liver glycogen, plasma triglycerides, and nonesterified fatty acids indicated an altered carbohydrate and lipid metabolism for the high-temperature group. Although the hatching process of embryos exposed to lower incubation temperatures was also significantly retarded, their embryonic development and growth were strikingly similar to those of the control group. [less ▲]

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See detailHigh-contrast Stellar Observations within the Diffraction Limit at the Palomar Hale Telescope
Mennesson, B.; Hanot, Charles ULg; Serabyn, Eugene et al

in Astrophysical Journal (2011), 743

We report on high-accuracy high-resolution (<20 mas) stellar observations obtained with the Palomar Fiber Nuller (PFN), a near-infrared (sime2.2 μm) interferometric coronagraph installed at the Palomar ... [more ▼]

We report on high-accuracy high-resolution (<20 mas) stellar observations obtained with the Palomar Fiber Nuller (PFN), a near-infrared (sime2.2 μm) interferometric coronagraph installed at the Palomar Hale telescope. The PFN uses destructive interference between two elliptical (3 m × 1.5 m) sub-apertures of the primary to reach high dynamic range inside the diffraction limit of the full telescope. In order to validate the PFN's instrumental approach and its data reduction strategy, based on the newly developed "Null Self-Calibration" (NSC) method, we observed a sample of eight well-characterized bright giants and supergiants. The quantity measured is the source astrophysical null depth, or equivalently the object's visibility at the PFN 3.2 m interferometric baseline. For the bare stars α Boo, α Her, β And, and α Aur, PFN measurements are in excellent agreement with previous stellar photosphere measurements from long baseline interferometry. For the mass-losing stars β Peg, α Ori, ρ Per, and χ Cyg, circumstellar emission and/or asymmetries are detected. Overall, these early observations demonstrate the PFN's ability to measure astrophysical null depths below 10[SUP]-2[/SUP] (limited by stellar diameters), with 1 σ uncertainties as low as a few 10[SUP]-4[/SUP]. Such visibility accuracy is unmatched at this spatial resolution in the near-infrared and translates into a contrast better than 10[SUP]-3[/SUP] within the diffraction limit. With further improvements anticipated in 2011/2012, a state-of-the-art infrared science camera and a new extreme adaptive optics system, the PFN should provide a unique tool for the detection of hot debris disks and young self-luminous sub-stellar companions in the immediate vicinity of nearby stars. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 49 (4 ULg)