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See detailL'insertion professionnelle des comédiens. Etude de cas à la sortie du conservatoire royal de Liège
Brahy, Rachel ULg; Fraiture, Sébastien ULg; Megherbi, Salim ULg et al

Book published by Les éditions de l'Université de Liège (2010)

Produit d’une étude financée par l’ASBL Théâtre et Publics et réalisée en 2008 au sein de l’Institut des Sciences Humaines et Sociales de l’Université de Liège, cet ouvrage traite de l’insertion ... [more ▼]

Produit d’une étude financée par l’ASBL Théâtre et Publics et réalisée en 2008 au sein de l’Institut des Sciences Humaines et Sociales de l’Université de Liège, cet ouvrage traite de l’insertion professionnelle des comédiens. L’analyse s’inscrit dans une démarche compréhensive et s’appuie principalement sur un matériau empirique de type qualitatif : entretiens semi-directifs de jeunes diplômés du Conservatoire de Liège, entretiens complémentaires d’acteurs clés de l’insertion dans ce secteur bien particulier, collecte ciblée de documents juridiques et institutionnels. L’intérêt de la démarche réside dans la prise en compte d’une multiplicité de variables ou dimensions d’ordre structurel (caractéristiques du marché du travail des comédiens, encadrement juridique de l’activité professionnelle, offre de formation, etc.) et d’ordre individuel (motivations, représentations subjectives, expériences, ressources, etc.), qui façonnent et orientent les trajectoires et stratégies d’insertion des comédiens, dès la sortie du Conservatoire. [less ▲]

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See detailInsertion professionnelle des diplômés de l’Université de Liège (promotion ’97) - Développement d’un outil d’évaluation
Italiano, Patrick ULg

Report (2000)

Ce rapport analyse les résultats d'une enquête de suivi, menée en 1999 auprès des étudiants de l'ULg de la promotion 1997. Il analyse leur insertion professionnelle, leurs difficultés et ressources dans ... [more ▼]

Ce rapport analyse les résultats d'une enquête de suivi, menée en 1999 auprès des étudiants de l'ULg de la promotion 1997. Il analyse leur insertion professionnelle, leurs difficultés et ressources dans la recherche d'un emploi, leur satisfaction quant aux études et l'emploi obtenu et la place du travail dans leur vie. [less ▲]

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See detailInsertion professionnelle des diplômés de l'Université de Liège (Promotion 2000)
Biquet, Véronique ULg; Lemaître, Sébastien

Report (2003)

Ce rapport analyse les résultats d'une enquête de suivi menée auprès des étudiants de l'ULg de la promotion 2000. Il analyse leur insertion professionnelle, leurs difficultés et ressources dans la ... [more ▼]

Ce rapport analyse les résultats d'une enquête de suivi menée auprès des étudiants de l'ULg de la promotion 2000. Il analyse leur insertion professionnelle, leurs difficultés et ressources dans la recherche d'un emploi, leur satisfaction quant aux études et l'emploi obtenu et la place du travail dans leur vie. [less ▲]

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See detailL'insertion professionnelle des diplômés de l'Université de Lubumbashi. Le cas des médecins
Rubbers, Benjamin ULg

in Akam, Noble; Ducasse, Roland (Eds.) Quelle université pour l'Afrique? (2002)

This article analyses the career of young doctors who graduated from the University of Lubumbashi

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See detailInsertion professionnelle et formation
Robert, Jocelyne ULg

in Le lien social. Actes du XIII° colloque de l'AISLF (1989)

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See detailL'insertion professionnelle peut-elle se cogérer ?
Pieters, Jérôme ULg; Jacquemain, Marc ULg

Conference (2004, November)

A partir des dispositifs de participation dans l'insertion professionnelle en Belgique francophone, la communication s'interroge sur la possibilité de pérenniser ce type d'expérience.

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See detailAn insertion-deletion polymorphism in the Interferon Regulatory Factor 5 (IRF5) gene confers risk of inflammatory bowel diseases
Dideberg, Vinciane ULg; Kristjansdottir, G.; Milani, L. et al

in Human Molecular Genetics (2007), 16(24), 3008-3016

The interferon regulatory factor 5 (IRF5) gene encodes a transcription factor that plays an important role in the innate as well as in the cell-mediated immune responses. The IRF5 gene has been shown to ... [more ▼]

The interferon regulatory factor 5 (IRF5) gene encodes a transcription factor that plays an important role in the innate as well as in the cell-mediated immune responses. The IRF5 gene has been shown to be associated with systemic lupus erythematosus and rheumatoid arthritis. We studied whether the IRF5 gene is also associated with inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD), Crohn disease (CD) and ulcerative colitis (UC). Twelve polymorphisms in the IRF5 gene were genotyped in a cohort of 1007 IBD patients (748 CD and 254 UC) and 241 controls from Wallonia, Belgium. The same polymorphisms were genotyped in a confirmatory cohort of 311 controls and 687 IBD patients (488 CD and 192 UC) from Leuven, Belgium. A strong signal of association [P=1.9x10(-5), odds ratio (OR) 1.81 (1.37-2.39)] with IBD was observed for a 5 bp indel (CGGGG) polymorphism in the promoter region of the IRF5 gene. The association was detectable also in CD patients (P=6.8x10(-4)) and was particularly strong among the UC patients [P=5.3x10(-8), OR=2.42 (1.76-3.34)]. The association of the CGGGG indel was confirmed in the second cohort [P=3.2x10(-5), OR=1.59 (1.28-1.98)]. The insertion of one CGGGG unit is predicted to create an additional binding site for the transcription factor SP1. Using an electrophoretic mobility shift assay, we show allele-specific differences in protein binding to this repetitive DNA-stretch, which suggest a potential function role for the CGGGG indel. [less ▲]

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See detailInsertional mutagenesis to select mutants for modified hydrogen photoproduction in Chlamydomonas reinhardtii
Godaux, Damien ULg; Emonds-alt, Barbara; Cardol, Pierre ULg et al

Poster (2011, September 18)

The unicellular green alga Chlamydomonas reinhardtii has evolved the ability to redirect electrons from the photosynthetic chain to drive hydrogen production via chloroplast oxygen-sensitive hydrogenases ... [more ▼]

The unicellular green alga Chlamydomonas reinhardtii has evolved the ability to redirect electrons from the photosynthetic chain to drive hydrogen production via chloroplast oxygen-sensitive hydrogenases. This process occurs under anaerobic conditions and provides a biological basis for solar-driven hydrogen production. Nevertheless, the yield is a major limitation for an economic viability and fundamental knowledge is still needed in order to have a better understanding of the process. In 2000, Melis and co-worker defined a protocol allowing a sustainable hydrogen production in sulfur deprivation condition. By adjustment of an existent protocol called the Winkler test, we are trying to isolate mutants with an attenuated photosynthesis to respiration capacity ratio (P/R ratio). This kind of mutants could be able to reach anoxia needed for hydrogenases activity without the stressful impact of sulfur deprivation. An insertional mutagenesis of Chlamydomonas has been carried out with an hygromycin resistance cassette and about 2500 transformants have generated and screened by the adapted Winkler test. We have isolated several oxygen-consuming mutants and the most promising one is subject to functional, molecular and genetic characterization. [less ▲]

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See detailInsertional mutagenesis to select mutants for modified hydrogen photoproduction in Chlamydomonas reinhardtii
Godaux, Damien ULg; Emonds-Alt, Barbara ULg; Cardol, Pierre ULg et al

Poster (2011, May 17)

The unicellular green alga Chlamydomonas reinhardtii has evolved the ability to redirect electrons from the photosynthetic chain to drive hydrogen production via chloroplast oxygen-sensitive hydrogenases ... [more ▼]

The unicellular green alga Chlamydomonas reinhardtii has evolved the ability to redirect electrons from the photosynthetic chain to drive hydrogen production via chloroplast oxygen-sensitive hydrogenases. This process occurs under anaerobic conditions and provides a biological basis for solar-driven hydrogen production. Nevertheless, the yield is a major limitation for an economic viability and fundamental knowledge is still needed in order to have a better understanding of the process. In 2000, Melis and co-worker defined a protocol allowing a sustainable hydrogen production in sulfur deprivation condition. By adjustment of an existent protocol called the Winkler test, we are trying to isolate mutants with an attenuated photosynthesis to respiration capacity ratio (P/R ratio). This kind of mutants could be able to reach anoxia needed for hydrogenases activity without the stressful impact of sulfur deprivation. An insertional mutagenesis of Chlamydomonas has been carried out with an hygromycin resistance cassette and about 2500 transformants have generated and screened by the adapted Winkler test. We have isolated several oxygen-consuming mutants and the most promising one is subject to functional, molecular and genetic characterization. To discover new genes involved in hydrogenases activity, we are also planning to screen the same insertional library for mutants with attenuated levels of hydrogen photoproduction, using sensitive chemochromic sensor films which turn in blue in presence of hydrogen. We are currently making the chemochromic sensor WO3 films by dip-coating which is on the brink of being useable. [less ▲]

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See detailLes insertions lyriques dans le théâtre médiéval
Henrard, Nadine ULg

in Grossel, Marie-Geneviève (Ed.) La chanson de trouvère — formes, registres, genres — (2012)

Pour mettre en évidence certains passages des mystères et structurer leur texte, les fatistes ont eu recours à des variations métriques. Il s’agit souvent de rompre la succession des octosyllabes à rimes ... [more ▼]

Pour mettre en évidence certains passages des mystères et structurer leur texte, les fatistes ont eu recours à des variations métriques. Il s’agit souvent de rompre la succession des octosyllabes à rimes plates par une diversification de l’agencement des rimes ou par l’utilisation d’autres types de vers. Mais les fatistes n’hésitent pas à couler les dialogues dans des structures beaucoup plus élaborées qui empruntent à des formes consacrées en poésie, comme celles du rondeau, ou plus sporadiquement, de la ballade. Il s’agira d’examiner comment ces morceaux lyriques s’insèrent dans le cours du drame, en s’interrogeant sur les lieux privilégiés où ils apparaissent, sur la manière dont les vers qui les composent se distribuent, et sur leur articulation éventuelle avec le paratexte didascalique (la rubrique permet-elle le repérage du morceau par une mention précise ? contient-elle des indications quant à une exécution musicale ? y a-t-il des verbes introducteurs spécifiques liés à ces énoncés ? ces passages entraînent-ils une mise en scène particulière ? etc). L'étude s'intéresse ainsi à la manière dont la lyrique est mise au service des effets dramatiques. Les exemples sont empruntés à des drames liturgiques bilingues, et des mystères en langue d’oïl et d'oc. [less ▲]

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See detailInside out transobturator vaginal tape for the treatment of female stress urinary incontinence: Interim results of a prospective study after a 1-year minimum followup
Waltregny, David ULg; Reul, Olivier ULg; Mathantu, Balombi et al

in Journal of Urology (The) (2006), 175(6), 2191-2195

Purpose: We analyzed the results of a prospective, observational trial designed to assess the safety and efficacy of the TVT-O procedure for female SUI. Materials and Methods: Preoperative and ... [more ▼]

Purpose: We analyzed the results of a prospective, observational trial designed to assess the safety and efficacy of the TVT-O procedure for female SUI. Materials and Methods: Preoperative and postoperative evaluations included physical examination, and urinary symptom and quality of life scale questionnaires. Results: Between March 2003 and December 2004, 253 patients with clinical and urodynamic diagnoses of SUI who fulfilled inclusion and exclusion criteria were enrolled in the trial and underwent the TVT-O procedure. No significant intraoperative complications were observed. One-year minimum followup was available on 99 of the initial 102 patients, of whom 16 had undergone concomitant pelvic organ prolapse surgical treatment. The SUI complete cure rate was 91%. No patient had vaginal or urethral erosion. Four patients required tape release or section. Frequency and urge symptoms improved after the operation (p < 0.001). The severity of obstructive symptoms slightly increased postoperatively in the group of patients who did not undergo associated pelvic organ prolapse treatment (p < 0.05), while maximum flow rates somewhat decreased (p < 0.001) and post-void residual urine volumes somewhat increased (p < 0.005). Most patients reported a significant decrease in incontinence severity and improvement in quality of life (p < 0.0001). Conclusions: The results of this study, which suggest that the TVT-O procedure is a safe and efficient surgical treatment for female SUI, warrant further comparative evaluation of this procedure with retropubic and outside in transobturator approaches in appropriately designed, prospective, randomized trials. [less ▲]

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See detailInside performances of Constructed Wetland, with Subsurface Horizontal Flow.
Xanthoulis, Dimitri ULg; Fonder, N.; Wauthelet, M.

in Wetland Systems for Water Pollution Control (2006, September)

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See detailInside the Jupiter Main Auroral Emissions: Flares, Spots, Arc...and Satellite Footprints?
Bonfond, Bertrand ULg; Vogt, M. F.; Yoneda, M. et al

Conference (2011, July 11)

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See detailThe inside-out trans-obturator sling: a novel surgical technique for the treatment of male urinary incontinence
de Leval, Jean ULg; Waltregny, David ULg

in European Urology (2008), 54(5), 1051-65

OBJECTIVES: To describe a new sling procedure for treating stress urinary incontinence (SUI) after radical prostatectomy (RP) and prospectively evaluate its short-term safety and efficacy. METHODS: The ... [more ▼]

OBJECTIVES: To describe a new sling procedure for treating stress urinary incontinence (SUI) after radical prostatectomy (RP) and prospectively evaluate its short-term safety and efficacy. METHODS: The sling technique uses specific instruments and a polypropylene mesh with two arms that are passed inside to outside through the obturator foramens, pulled for compressing the bulbar urethra upward, and tied to each other across the midline. Patients with detrusor overactivity were excluded. Baseline and follow-up evaluations included uroflowmetry and continence and quality of life (QoL) questionnaires. Cure was defined by no pad use and improvement by a number of pads/d <or=2 and reduced by at least 50%. Complications were recorded. RESULTS: From April 2006 through February 2007, 20 consecutive patients suffering from post-RP SUI underwent the sling procedure using the same operative protocol. Preoperatively, 3 (15%), 11 (55%), and 6 (25%) patients were using 2, 3-5, and >5pads/d, respectively. The procedure was preceded by an endoscopic urethrotomy in four patients. No perioperative complication was noted; three patients required suprapubic catheterization. At 6 mo, nine (45%) patients were cured and eight others (40%) were improved (1pad/d). QoL was significantly enhanced and 80% of patients were moderately to completely satisfied with the procedure. Preoperative and postoperative maximum flow rate and postvoid residual values were not statistically different. No sling infection, urethra erosion, persistent pain, or neurologic complications were observed. CONCLUSIONS: The inside-out trans-obturator sling procedure appears to be safe and efficient at short term. Further studies are warranted to determine long-term outcome. [less ▲]

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See detailThe Inside-Out Transobturator Male Sling for the Surgical Treatment of Stress Urinary Incontinence After Radical Prostatectomy: Midterm Results of a Single-Center Prospective Study.
LERUTH, Julie ULg; Waltregny, David ULg; de Leval, Jean ULg

in European Urology (2012), 61(3), 608-615

BACKGROUND: Transobturator slings are currently promoted for the treatment of stress urinary incontinence (SUI) after radical prostatectomy (RP), but data on outcome remain limited. OBJECTIVE: To assess ... [more ▼]

BACKGROUND: Transobturator slings are currently promoted for the treatment of stress urinary incontinence (SUI) after radical prostatectomy (RP), but data on outcome remain limited. OBJECTIVE: To assess, at midterm, the efficacy and safety of the inside-out transobturator male sling for treating post-RP SUI and to determine factors associated with failure. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: Prospective one-center trial involving 173 consecutive patients without detrusor overactivity, treated between 2006 and 2011 for SUI following RP. INTERVENTION: Placement of an inside-out transobturator sling. MEASUREMENTS: Baseline and follow-up evaluations included uroflowmetry and continence and quality-of-life (QoL) questionnaires. Cure was defined as no pad use and improvement as a number of pads per day reduced by >/=50% and two or fewer pads. Complications were recorded, and factors associated with treatment failure were evaluated. RESULTS AND LIMITATIONS: Preoperatively, 21%, 35%, and 44% of the patients were using two, three to five, and more than five pads per day, respectively. After a median follow-up of 24 mo (range: 12-60 mo), 49% were cured, 35% improved, and 16% not improved. QoL was enhanced (p<0.001), and 72% of patients were moderately to completely satisfied with the procedure. Maximum flow rates were slightly reduced (p=0.004); postvoid residual volumes were similar (p=0.097). Complications were urinary retention after catheter removal (15%), perineal/scrotal hematoma (9%), pain lasting >6 mo (3%), and sling infection (2%); all were managed conservatively. Severe SUI before sling surgery was not associated with a worse outcome, whereas obesity and a history of pelvic irradiation or bladder neck stenosis were independent risk factors of failure, with risk ratios of 7.9 (95% confidence interval [CI], 3.3-18.9), 3.3 (95% CI, 1.4-7.8), and 2.6 (95% CI, 1.1-6.5), respectively. CONCLUSIONS: The inside-out transobturator male sling is an efficient and safe treatment for post-RP SUI at midterm. Patients with prior pelvic irradiation may not be suitable candidates. [less ▲]

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See detailThe inside-out transobturator sling for the surgical treatment of post-radical prostatectomy urinary incontinence: Interim results of a prospective, observational study after a 1-year minimum follow-up
Waltregny, David ULg; Leruth, Julie ULg; de Leval, Jean ULg

in Neurourology and Urodynamics (2009), 28(7), 687-688

Hypothesis / aims of study The aim of this study was to prospectively evaluate the short-term safety and efficacy of the inside-out transobturator sling procedure for treating post-radical prostatectomy ... [more ▼]

Hypothesis / aims of study The aim of this study was to prospectively evaluate the short-term safety and efficacy of the inside-out transobturator sling procedure for treating post-radical prostatectomy (RP) stress urinary incontinence (SUI). Study design, materials and methods The sling technique uses specific instruments and a polypropylene mesh with 2 arms that are passed inside to outside through the obturator foramens, pulled for compressing the bulbar urethra upward, and tied to each other across the midline. Intra-operative urodynamic evaluation is performed to record the urethral pressure profile (UPP) and to measure the abdominal leak point pressure (ALPP) and maximal urethral pressure (MUP) before and after sling tensioning. Urodynamic measurements are repeated until tension on both arms of the mesh increases ALPP to approximately 100 cm H2O. In case of associated urethral stenosis, classic endoscopic urethrotomy is performed first. Inclusion criteria were clinically and urodynamically demonstrated SUI, positive bulbar compression test, and signed informed consent. Patients with detrusor overactivity or active urinary infection were excluded. Baseline evaluation included detailed history, physical examination with a bulbar urethra compression test, urine analysis, multichannel urodynamics, administration of self-questionnaires assessing urinary continence (questions 1 through 3 of the urinary section of the UCLA-PCI-SF questionnaire (1)) and quality of life (QoL) (Ditrovie questionnaire (2)), flexible urethrocystoscopy, and urethrocystography. The degree of incontinence was arbitrarily categorized as mild (1–2 pads/day), moderate (3–5 pads/day) or severe (>5 pads/day), as previously described (3). Follow-up evaluation at 1, 6, 12 months, and yearly thereafter included physical examination, uroflowmetry with PVR measurement, and administration of the self-questionnaires assessing urinary continence and QoL. All patients were also asked to self-evaluate their satisfaction with the treatment. Cure was defined by no pad use and improvement by a number of pads/day ≤ 2 and reduced by at least 50%. Peri- and post-operative complications were recorded. Results From April 2006 through March 2009, 95 consecutive patients who fulfilled inclusion and exclusion criteria underwent the sling procedure using the same operative protocol. As of March 2009, 58 patients who consecutively underwent the sling procedure were expected to have a minimum follow-up of 1 year. Mean age of the patients was 67.6 ± 6.5 years (range 52-79). Mean body mass index was 27.0 ± 3.6 (range 21.3 – 39.0). Of the 58 patients, 9 (16%) patients had undergone prior surgery for SUI: bulking agent injection in 5 patients, prior sling implantation in 1 patient and artificial urinary sphincter (AUS) implantation in 4 patients. A previous urethrotomy or urethral dilatation for urethral stenosis had been performed in 8 (14%) patients and 8 (14%) patients had had pelvic irradiation. Preoperatively, 14 (24%), 26 (45%), and 18 (31%) patients were using 2 (mild SUI), 3 to 5 (moderate SUI), and >5 pads/day (severe SUI), respectively. The sling procedure was performed under general and spinal anesthesia in 22 (38%) and 36 (62%) patients, respectively, and was preceded by an endoscopic urethrotomy in 5 (9%) patients. Penile prostheses were implanted concomitantly to the sling in 2 patients. Before sling tensioning, mean MUP and ALPP were 40 ± 21 cm H2O (range 5-101) and 45 ± 22 cm H2O (range 10-100). After sling tensioning, mean MUP and ALPP were 89 ± 24 cm H2O (range 44-141) and 109 ± 26 cm H2O (range 60-165). Mean increase in MUP and ALPP between post- and pre-tensioning of the sling was 49 ± 29 cm H2O (range 1-125) and 64 ± 32 cm H2O (range 20-135), respectively. Mean operative time was 65 ± 18 minutes. No intra-operative complication was noted. Seven (12%) patients required suprapubic catheterization; normal voiding resumed in all 7 patients except 1 who underwent urinary diversion for complete radiation-induced anastomotic stenosis. Mild perineal hematoma not requiring therapy was observed in 6 patients. Six-month and 1-year minimum follow-up was available on 54 (93%) and 56 (96%) of the 58 patients, respectively (Table 1). Two patients were completely lost to follow-up after the 1-month visit. At this 1-month visit, one patient was cured while the other was improved. Table 1. Postoperative pad usage Follow-up 6-month visit 1-year visit Preoperative SUI severity / Outcome Mild to moderate SUI (≤5 pads/d) Severe SUI (> 5 pads/d) Entire cohort (≥ 2 pads/d) Mild to moderate SUI (≤ 5 pads/d) Severe SUI (> 5 pads/d) Entire cohort (≥ 2 pads/d) Cure 22 (55.0%) 9 (50.0%) 31 (53.5%) 23 (57.5%) 8 (44.5%) 31 (53.5%) Improvement 13 (32.5%) 5 (27.8%) 18 (31.0%) 14 (35.0%) 6 (33.3%) 20 (34.4%) Failure 1 (2.5%) 4 (22.2%) 5 (8.6%) 1 (2.5%) 4 (22.2%) 5 (8.6%) Data not available 4 (10.0%) 0 (0.0%) 4 (6.9%) 2 (5.0%) 0 (0.0%) 2 (3.5%) Of note, at 12 months, among the 18 patients with preoperative severe incontinence, 8 (44.5%) were cured and 6 (35%) others were improved. In addition, SUI cure/improvement rates appeared to be similar at the 6 and 12 months time points. The 3 failures included one patient who had undergone post-RP radiation therapy. This man later developed a complete urethral anastomotic closure and underwent cystectomy with transileal ureterostomy 9 months after the sling procedure. The two other failed patients had a vesico-urethral anastomotic stricture before sling implantation. Both patients were implanted with an AUS after the sling procedure. After cutting the mesh arms laterally to the bulb, the AUS cuff was placed without difficulty around the bulbar urethra. The 4th failed patient had undergone previous radiation therapy and had a bulbar urethral stenosis. He is now wearing penile collectors. The 5th patient had a vesico-urethral stenosis that underwent urethrotomy just before the sling implantation. The patient has been offered the placement of an artificial urinary sphincter. Preoperative and postoperative max flow rate and postvoid residual values were not different (Table 2). Overall, QoL was substantially enhanced and 85% patients were satisfied with the procedure. Table 2. Postoperative evolution of QoL scores and voiding parameters QoL and voiding parameters Baseline (mean ± SD [range]) 6-month visit (mean ± SD [range]) 1-year visit (mean ± SD [range]) Ditrovie QoL scores (scale from 10 [best] to 50 [worst]) 32 ± 7 (17-50) 16 ± 8 (10-40) 17 ± 8 (10-42) Max flow rate (mL/sec) 20 ± 9 (6-46) 18 ± 9 (6-44) 17 ± 10 (4-51) Post void residual (mL) 17 ± 32 (0-160) 21 ± 51 (0-243) 6 ± 21 (0-87) No sling infection, urethra erosion, persistent pain or neurological complication was observed. No sling was withdrawn or cut. Interpretation of results The inside-out transobturator sling was associated with a minimal risk of intra- and post-operative complications. Postoperative SUI cure/improvement rates were found to remain stable over a 1-year period. The sling procedure appeared to be efficient at short term even in the group of patients with severe SUI before surgery. The sling procedure does not compromise concomitant penile prostheses or subsequent AUS implantation. Longer follow-up times are required to determine the long-term efficacy of this sling procedure. Concluding message The one-year results of this prospective study suggest that the inside-out transobturator sling is a safe and efficient surgical procedure at short term for the treatment of post-RP SUI. [less ▲]

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