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See detailIncrease in Soil Macroporosity managed with Winter Ploughing - a preliminary results
Parvin, Nargish ULg; Chelin, Marie ULg; Hiel, Marie-Pierre ULg et al

Poster (2014, February 07)

Measurement of soil water retention capacity by the conventional pressure plate technique always gives a substantial view of soil porosity distribution. The structural orientation is observed in the ... [more ▼]

Measurement of soil water retention capacity by the conventional pressure plate technique always gives a substantial view of soil porosity distribution. The structural orientation is observed in the beginning (higher water retention at 9.8 to 98 hPa water head pressure indicates greater proportion of macroporosity) of the soil moisture characteristic curve obtained from the water retention measurement. Since, tillage practices generally increase soil porosity, the correlation between soil hydraulics and porosity distribution would expect to be different for different tillage systems. In general, macroporosity increase with the adoption of conservative tillage or no tillage system but the changes can be varied with the seasonal variation. In our study, winter ploughing retains more water at the range of 9.8 to 98 hPa than Strip tillage, No-till residues in and No-till residues out. So, we can conclude that there is certainly increase in macroporosity in ploughing than other conservation practices of reduced tillage and no tillage. [less ▲]

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See detailIncrease in the extracellular lipase Production by Yarrowia lipolytica.
Destain, Jacqueline ULg; Roblain, D.; Thonart, Philippe ULg

Poster (1994, July)

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See detailIncrease in the number and the phagocytic function of guinea pig pulmonary and peritoneal macrophages following oral administration of RU 41740, a glycoprotein extract from Klebsiella pneumoniae.
Radermecker, Maurice ULg; Rommain, M.; Maldague, M. P. et al

in International journal of immunopharmacology (1988), 10(8), 913-7

RU 41740 (Biostim) which is a purified glycoprotein extract from Klebsiella pneumoniae, is an orally active non-specific immunostimulant. In guinea pigs, 8 days after a 7 days oral administration of RU ... [more ▼]

RU 41740 (Biostim) which is a purified glycoprotein extract from Klebsiella pneumoniae, is an orally active non-specific immunostimulant. In guinea pigs, 8 days after a 7 days oral administration of RU 41740 (10 or 100 mg/kg/day), an increase in the cell population of the pulmonary and peritoneal cavities was observed, especially in that of the macrophages. RU 41740 also enhanced the phagocytic activity of both the alveolar and peritoneal macrophages, when their chemotactic activity was not significantly modified. This increase in the number of pulmonary macrophages and the stimulation of their phagocytic function might explain the protective effect afforded by the oral administration of Biostim against respiratory infections in patients with chronic bronchitis. [less ▲]

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See detailIncrease in type II collagen turnover after iron depletion in patients with hereditary haemochromatosis.
Richette, Pascal; Eymard, Claire; Deberg, Michelle ULg et al

in Rheumatology (2010), 49(4), 760-6

OBJECTIVE: To determine the effects of iron depletion on serum levels of joint biomarkers and on joint symptoms in patients with hereditary haemochromatosis (HH). METHODS: Levels of biomarkers were ... [more ▼]

OBJECTIVE: To determine the effects of iron depletion on serum levels of joint biomarkers and on joint symptoms in patients with hereditary haemochromatosis (HH). METHODS: Levels of biomarkers were measured in 18 patients with HH at the time of diagnosis and after iron depletion. The markers were type II collagen degradation (Coll2-1) and its nitrated form (Coll2-1NO(2)), type II procollagen synthesis (CPII), MPO, COMP and HA. For each patient, demographic data were collected and the global joint pain (visual analogue scale) was assessed before and after iron depletion by phlebotomy. RESULTS: A total of 18 patients [10 males; mean (s.d.) age 48 (11) years] were homozygous for the C282Y mutation. No patient had liver dysfunction. Ferritin level before iron removal was 627.5 (range 133-3276) microg/l, and duration of the iron depletion phase was 295 (70-670) days. Serum levels of both Coll2-1 and CPII were significantly increased from diagnosis after iron depletion: 80.1 (55.6-113.5) vs 96.0 (48.8-136.3) nM (P = 0.004) and 731.4 (374.2-1012.3) vs 812.8 (535.8-1165.6) ng/ml (P = 0.03), respectively. Levels of other biomarkers were not modified by iron depletion. Ferritin level, which at baseline was correlated with body iron store (r = 0.63; P = 0.008), was significantly correlated with HA level measured before iron depletion (r = 0.60; P = 0.01). Global joint pain was not correlated with ferritin concentration and did not significantly decrease after iron depletion: 43 (19-73) vs 36 (16-67) mm (P = 0.07). CONCLUSIONS: In patients with HH, cartilage homoeostasis is modified by iron excess and an increase in type II collagen turnover occurs after excess iron removal. [less ▲]

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See detailIncrease in viral load, viral integration, and gain of telomerase genes during uterine cervical carcinogenesis can be simultaneously assessed by the HPV 16/18 MLPA-assay.
Theelen, Wendy; Speel, Ernst*-Jan M; Herfs, Michael ULg et al

in American Journal of Pathology (2010), 177(4), 2022-33

Oncogenic human papillomavirus (HPV) infection is the most important risk factor in cervical carcinogenesis cases; high viral loads, viral integration into the host genome, and gain of the telomerase ... [more ▼]

Oncogenic human papillomavirus (HPV) infection is the most important risk factor in cervical carcinogenesis cases; high viral loads, viral integration into the host genome, and gain of the telomerase-related genes, TERT and TERC, are all factors associated with progression to cancer. A recently developed multiparameter HPV 16/18 multiplex ligation-dependent probe amplification (MLPA) assay, which allows the simultaneous assessment of these factors, was applied to a series of 67 normal and (pre)malignant frozen uterine cervical samples, as well as to 91 cytological preparations, to test the ability of the MLPA assay to identify high-risk lesions on the basis of these factors. Validation was performed using quantitative PCR, the PapilloCheck and fluorescence in situ hybridization. Only 5 out of 37 normal tissue samples or low-grade cervical lesions (ie, CIN1 and condyloma) showed either an HPV16 viral load higher than 25 copies per cell, viral integration, and/or gain of one of the telomerase-related genes, whereas for the high-grade cervical lesions, one or more of these risk factors was found in 25 of 30 cases. The HPV MLPA assay showed a sensitivity of 83% and a specificity of 86% in frozen cervical specimens. Furthermore, the feasibility of the MLPA assay was shown for cytological samples, where in 57% of high-grade squamous intraepithelial lesion cases, the high-risk factors were detected using this assay. [less ▲]

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See detailIncrease of carbonyl fluoride (COF2) in the stratosphere and its contribution to the 1992 budget of inorganic fluorine in the upper stratosphere
Zander, Rodolphe ULg; Rinsland, Curtis P.; Mahieu, Emmanuel ULg et al

in Journal of Geophysical Research (1994), 99(D8), 16737-16743

Volume mixing ratio profiles of COF2 have been derived through most of the stratosphere between 30°N and 54°S from series of 0.01-cm−1 resolution infrared solar spectra recorded in the occultation mode by ... [more ▼]

Volume mixing ratio profiles of COF2 have been derived through most of the stratosphere between 30°N and 54°S from series of 0.01-cm−1 resolution infrared solar spectra recorded in the occultation mode by the atmospheric trace molecule spectroscopy (ATMOS) instrument during the ATLAS 1 space shuttle mission of March–April 1992. When compared with similar results obtained from the ATMOS/Spacelab 3 mission of April–May 1985, the cumulative increase in the burden of COF2 in the middle and upper stratosphere was found to be 67% for that 7-year time interval. By combining a subset of these COF2 results with upper stratospheric concentrations of HF also derived from the ATMOS observations, it was further found that the budget of inorganic fluorine above 35 km altitude increased by (60 ± 10) % over the 1985–1992 time interval, which corresponds to an average exponential rate of increase of (6.7 ± 1.1) % yr−1, or a linear rate of increase referenced to 1985 of (8.5 ± 1.3) % yr−1 at the 1σ confidence level. The total inorganic F atom volume mixing ratio found in the upper stratosphere for 1985 and 1992 and the increase during this period mirror the rise in man-made fluorine-bearing compounds at the ground during the early to mid 1980s. This demonstrates the negligible impact of natural sources of fluorine, in particular volcanic activity, on the observed change of F in the upper stratosphere. Implications of the present findings and comparison with model results are discussed. [less ▲]

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See detailIncrease of MMP-2 and MMP-9 activity in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid of Ascaris suum sensitized cats and correlation with inflammatory and morphological variables
Kirshvink, N.; Delvaux, François ULg; Vincke, G. et al

in International Conference of the American Thoracic Society - Orlando - USA - Mai 2004 (2004, May)

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See detailIncrease of natural killer cell activity in allergic asthma
FASSOTTE, Marie-France ULg; Bury, Thierry ULg; Radermecker, Maurice ULg

in Clinical Respiratory Physiology (1987), 23(S12), 376

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See detailIncrease of Plasma Ecg Binding Rate after Administration of Repeated High Dose of Ecg to Cows
Drion, Pierre ULg; De Roover, R.; Houtain, J. Y. et al

in Reproduction Nutrition Development (2001), 41(3), 207-215

Equine chorionic gonadotrophin (eCG) is still used to promote follicular growth in cattle and, more recently with an increased frequency of administration, in ovum pick-up protocols. The aim of this ... [more ▼]

Equine chorionic gonadotrophin (eCG) is still used to promote follicular growth in cattle and, more recently with an increased frequency of administration, in ovum pick-up protocols. The aim of this experiment was to verify the possible effect of high frequency of administration on the immune response to eCG. The profiles of eCG binding rate, in the blood of two groups (A, B) of 4 primiparous cross breed beef cows (3-3.5 years old) submitted weekly for 5 to 10 weeks to repeated high doses (1000-2000 IU) of equine chorionic gonadotrophin, are presented in this paper. A sensitive radiometric method was used to detect antibodies in plasma. The profiles clearly indicated a marked increase of eCG binding rate after 3 to 5 injections of the exogenous hormone to the females. The statistical analysis of the results established that treatments induced a significant increase (P < 0.01) in binding rates after 6 and 3 injections in group A and B respectively. These binding rates remained elevated for at least 1 week following the last injection and decreased afterwards. The values of plasma binding rates following repeated eCG administration differed significantly between groups (0.90+/-1.04 and 1.04+/-0.11 for groups A and B before treatment versus 11.77+/-0.92, 6.70+/-0.85 for groups A and B after treatment, P < 0.01) and from one cow to another (P < 0.01) with some cows presenting no significant immune response while others were more reactive against the hormone (at least 3 injections). [less ▲]

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See detailIncrease of stratospheric carbon tetrafluoride (CF4) based on ATMOS observations from space
Zander, Rodolphe ULg; Solomon, S.; Mahieu, Emmanuel ULg et al

in Geophysical Research Letters (1996), 23(17), 2353-2356

Stratospheric volume mixing ratio profiles of carbon tetrafluoride, CF4, obtained with the Atmospheric Trace Molecule Spectroscopy (ATMOS) instrument during the ATLAS (Atmospheric Laboratory for ... [more ▼]

Stratospheric volume mixing ratio profiles of carbon tetrafluoride, CF4, obtained with the Atmospheric Trace Molecule Spectroscopy (ATMOS) instrument during the ATLAS (Atmospheric Laboratory for Applications and Science) -3 mission of 1994 are reported. Overall the profiles are nearly constant over the altitude range 20 to 50 km, indicative of the very long lifetime of CF4 in the atmosphere. In comparison to the stratospheric values of CF4 inferred from the ATMOS/Spacelab 3 mission of 1985, the 1994 concentrations are consistent with an exponential increase of (1.6 +/- 0.6)%/yr. This increase is discussed with regard to previous results and likely sources of CF4 at the ground. Further, it is shown that simultaneous measurements of N2O and CF4 provide a means of constraining the lower limit of the atmospheric lifetime of CF4 at least 2,300 years, two sigma. [less ▲]

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See detailIncrease of the bacteriochlorin a photosensitizing efficiency by incorporation in liposomes
Damoiseau, X.; Schuitmaker, H.; Hoebeke, Maryse ULg

Conference (1999)

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See detailThe increase of the ionospheric activity as measured by GPS
Warnant, René ULg; Pottiaux, Eric

in Earth, Planets, and Space [=EPS] (2000), 52(11), 1055-1060

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See detailIncrease of the Photosensitizing Efficiency of the Bacteriochlorin a by Liposome-Incorporation
Damoiseau, X.; Schuitmaker, H. J.; Lagerberg, J. W. et al

in Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology B : Biology (2001), 60(1), 50-60

To describe the action mechanisms of Bacteriochlorin a (BCA), a second generation photosensitizer, in phosphate buffer (PB) and in dimyristoyl phosphatidylcholine (DMPC) liposomes we carried out oxygen ... [more ▼]

To describe the action mechanisms of Bacteriochlorin a (BCA), a second generation photosensitizer, in phosphate buffer (PB) and in dimyristoyl phosphatidylcholine (DMPC) liposomes we carried out oxygen consumption and ESR measurements. In PB, where BCA was in a monomer-dimer equilibrium, our results suggested that the oxygen consumption was related to the BCA monomers concentration in solution. Incorporation of BCA in DMPC liposomes, by promoting the monomerization of BCA, increased 9-fold the oxygen consumption in comparison to the value in PB. The use of specific singlet oxygen quenchers (Azide and 9,10-Anthracenedipropionic acid) in ESR and oxygen consumption experiments allowed us to assert that BCA was mainly a type II sensitizer when it was incorporated in DMPC. Finally, the cell survival of WiDr cells after a PDT treatment was measured for cells incubated with BCA in cell culture medium and cells incubated with BCA in DMPC. Irrespective of the dye concentration, the cell survival was lower when liposomes were used. This effect could be the result of a better BCA monomerization and/or a different BCA uptake in cells. [less ▲]

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See detailIncreased affinity of N-Methyl-AG525 stereoisomers for SK2 and SK3 channels
Liégeois, Jean-François ULg; Seutin, Vincent ULg; Dilly, Sébastien ULg

Poster (2013, November 09)

Small conductance calcium-activated potassium (SK, KCa2) channels represent interesting and challenging targets in medicinal chemistry. So far, the reference ligand is apamin, a peptide used in most ... [more ▼]

Small conductance calcium-activated potassium (SK, KCa2) channels represent interesting and challenging targets in medicinal chemistry. So far, the reference ligand is apamin, a peptide used in most published studies including the [125I] analog for binding studies. Nonpeptidic ligands with high affinity have been developed for several years. Currently, different questions remain to be solved. No selective and brain-penetrating agent is available. In addition, replacing [125I]apamin in binding experiments would be also interesting. We have developed different series of compounds initially derived from laudanosine (1). The quaternized derivative, N-methyl-laudanosine (NML), was found to be a weak SK blocker but highly reversible in electrophysiological experiments (2). Then, bis-charged derivatives were synthesized. Potentially brain-penetrating AG525 stereoisomers were obtained and tested for their affinity for SK channels (3). The affinity of one enantiomer, AG525E1, was found to be close to that of dequalinium (Ki ~ 200 nM) while the two other stereoisomers had a lower affinity. Following this study, quaternization of AG525 stereoisomers was carried out and the affinity of these compounds for SK channel subtypes was determined in comparison with that of parent compounds. We observed a significant increase of affinity for SK2 and SK3 channels for the bis-charged N-methyl derivatives as compared to the basic AG525 stereoisomers to. The ratio of selectivity was increased a little in the case of bis-charged N-methyl derivatives. In addition, the influence of stereochemistry was quite different between both groups. For basic AG525 stereoisomers, the S,S-enantiomer (AG525E1) was the most potent while, within bis-charged N-methyl analogues, both enantiomers had higher affinity. Further in silico approaches should permit to explain these results. References: (1) Graulich et al., Bioorg. Med. Chem. 2005, 13, 1201 (2) Scuvée-Moreau et al., J. Pharmacol. Exp. Ther. 2002, 302, 1176 (3) Graulich et al., Bioorg. Med. Chem. Lett., 2008, 18, 3440 [less ▲]

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See detailIncreased analgesic requirements associated with induced labour are related to dystocia
Sougné, Christelle; Dewandre, Pierre-Yves ULg; Hans, Pol ULg et al

in Acta Anaesthesiologica Belgica (2008), 59(3), 229

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See detailIncreased aortic compliance and energetic cost of cardiac ejection
Kolh, Philippe ULg; LAMBERMONT, Bernard ULg; GERARD, P et al

in Acta Cardiologica (1999), 53(6), 387

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See detailIncreased aortic compliance maintains left ventricular performance at lower energetic cost
Kolh, Philippe ULg; LAMBERMONT, Bernard ULg; GERARD, P et al

in European Heart Journal (1998), 19

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See detailIncreased Aortic Compliance Maintains Left Ventricular Performance at Lower Energetic Cost
Kolh, Philippe ULg; D'Orio, Vincenzo ULg; Lambermont, Bernard ULg et al

in European Journal of Cardio - Thoracic Surgery (2000), 17(3), 272-8

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate left ventricular contractility and energetic cost of cardiac ejection under conditions of acute increase in aortic compliance. METHODS: In six ... [more ▼]

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate left ventricular contractility and energetic cost of cardiac ejection under conditions of acute increase in aortic compliance. METHODS: In six anaesthetized pigs, ascending aortic compliance was increased by adding a volume chamber in parallel to the ascending aorta. Systemic vascular parameters, including characteristic impedance, peripheral resistance, total vascular compliance, and inertance, were estimated with a four-element windkessel model. Arterial elastance was derived from these parameters. Left ventricular systolic function was assessed by end-systolic pressure-volume relationship (end-systolic elastance), and stroke work. Pressure-volume area was used as a measure of myocardial oxygen consumption. Heart rate remained constant during the experimentation. RESULTS: Adding the aortic volume chamber significantly increased vascular compliance from 0. 95+/-0.08 to 1.17+/-0.06 ml/mmHg (P<0.01), while inductance, characteristic impedance, peripheral resistance, and arterial elastance remained statistically at basal values, respectively 0. 0020+/-0.0003 mmHg.s(2)/ml, 0.105+/-0.009 mmHg.s/ml, 1.27+/-0.12 mmHg.s/ml, and 2.43+/-0.21 mmHg/ml. During the same interval, stroke work and pressure-volume area decreased respectively from 2700+/-242 to 2256+/-75 mmHg.ml (P<0.01), and from 3806+/-427 to 3179+/-167 mmHg.ml (P<0.01). Stroke work and pressure-volume area decreased at matched end-diastolic volumes. In contrast, end-systolic elastance, ejection fraction, and stroke volume remained statistically unchanged, respectively at 2.29+/-0.14 mmHg/ml, 48.1+/-2.1 %, and 32. 4+/-1.7 ml. CONCLUSIONS: These data suggest that, when facing an increased aortic compliance, the left ventricle displays unchanged contractility, but the energetic cost of cardiac ejection is significantly decreased. These data may be of clinical importance when choosing an artificial prosthesis for ascending aortic replacement. [less ▲]

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See detailIncreased apoptotic chondrocytes in articular cartilage from adult heterozygous SirT1 mice.
Gabay, Odile; Oppenhiemer, Hanna; Meir, Hadar et al

in Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases (2012), 71(4), 613-6

OBJECTIVE: A growing body of evidence indicates that the protein deacetylase, SirT1, affects chondrocyte biology and survival. This report aims to evaluate in vivo attributes of SirT1 in cartilage biology ... [more ▼]

OBJECTIVE: A growing body of evidence indicates that the protein deacetylase, SirT1, affects chondrocyte biology and survival. This report aims to evaluate in vivo attributes of SirT1 in cartilage biology of 129/J murine strains. METHODS: Heterozygous haploinsufficient (SirT1(+/-)) and wild-type (WT; SirT1(+/+)) 129/J mice aged 1 or 9 months were systematically compared for musculoskeletal features, scored for osteoarthritis (OA) severity, and monitored for chondrocyte apoptosis in articular cartilage. Sections of femorotibial joints were stained for type II collagen and aggrecan. Protein extracts from articular chondrocytes were isolated and immunoblotted for SirT1 and active caspase 3. RESULTS: Phenotypic observations show that, at 1 month of age, SirT1(+/-) mice were smaller than WT and showed a significant decrease in full-length SirT1 (FLSirT1; 110 kDa) protein levels. Levels of FLSirT1 were further decreased in both strains at 9 months. Immunoblot assays for 9-month-old strains revealed the presence of the inactive cleaved SirT1 variant (75 SirT1; 75 kDa) in WT mice, which was undetected in age-matched SirT1(+/-) mice. Nine-month-old SirT1(+/-) mice also showed increased OA and increased levels of apoptosis compared with age-matched WT mice. CONCLUSION: The data suggest that the presence of 75 SirT1 may prolong viability of articular chondrocytes in adult (9-month-old) mice. [less ▲]

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