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See detailHument et diplomatie : le sacré comme source de normes morales et éthique
Leroy, Patrick ULg

in klaousen, patrick (Ed.) Renseignement et éthique - le moindre mal nécessaire (2014)

Associer les termes Renseignement et Éthique au sein d'un même propos semble être un oxymore tant le renseignement a une réputation sulfureuse. Pourtant, et il faut le marteler avec insistance : dans un ... [more ▼]

Associer les termes Renseignement et Éthique au sein d'un même propos semble être un oxymore tant le renseignement a une réputation sulfureuse. Pourtant, et il faut le marteler avec insistance : dans un État démocratique les services de renseignement, parce qu'ils tiennent la ligne de front face à des menaces invisibles mais bien réelles, sont au service de l'État de droit, des citoyens et de la démocratie. Toutefois, par delà l'encadrement juridique auquel il est soumis, et à l'instar de la plupart des activités humaines, force est de constater que le renseignement ne manque pas d'interpeller par les dilemmes éthiques qu'il soulève. Le Groupe Européen de Recherches en Éthique et Renseignement (GERER) constitué de praticiens du renseignement et d'universitaires francophones ne cherche pas pour autant à surfer sur le regain d'intérêt pour l'espionnage suscité récemment par l'affaire Snowden, mais s'attache plutôt à combler le retard pris par les pays de culture francophone dans un domaine dont les contours commencent à se figer sur la base d'approches intellectuelles et opérationnelles purement anglosaxonnes. Soucieux de développer une réflexion de fond autour d'un problème crucial pour l'avenir de la démocratie, le présent ouvrage, parce qu'il met en perspective des sujets trop souvent déformés par un traitement médiatique accrocheur, s'adresse tant aux professionnels du renseignement qu'à un public plus large. Au travers d'études de cas, il permet de s'initier aux dilemmes éthiques qui se posent à ces agents de l'État qui exercent un métier hors du commun. (4ème de couv) [less ▲]

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See detailHumidity 3D field comparisons between GNSS tomography, IASI satellite observations and ALARO model
Brenot, Hugues; Champollion, Cedric; Deckmyn, Alex et al

in Geophysical Research Abstracts (2012, April), 14

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See detailHumn Bocavirus, a newly discovered Parvovirus of the respiratory tract
RICOUR, Céline ULg; GOUBAU, P

in Acta Clinica Belgica (2008), 64(5), 329-332

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See detailHumnétriai… Un rite mis en images chez Philostrate
Pironti, Gabriella; Pirenne-Delforge, Vinciane ULg

in Calame, Claude; Ellinger, Pierre (Eds.) Du récit au rituel par la forme esthétique : pragmatique cultuelle des formes discursives et des images en Grèce ancienne (in press)

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See detailHumoral and Cell-Mediated Immune Responses of Beef and Dairy Cattle Experimentally Infested with Psoroptes Ovis
Lonneux, J. F.; Nguyen, T. Q.; Hollanders, W. et al

in American Journal of Veterinary Research (1998), 59(5), 583-7

OBJECTIVE: To compare cellular and humoral immune responses of beef (Belgian White and Blue [BWB]) and dairy (Friesian-Holstein [FH]) cattle to Psoroptes ovis infestation and to determine whether P ovis ... [more ▼]

OBJECTIVE: To compare cellular and humoral immune responses of beef (Belgian White and Blue [BWB]) and dairy (Friesian-Holstein [FH]) cattle to Psoroptes ovis infestation and to determine whether P ovis infestation impaired immune responses to infectious bovine rhinotracheitis virus (IBR) vaccine or an immunogenic protein (keyhole-limpet hemocyanin [KLH]). ANIMALS: 19 BWB and 6 FH 1-year-old calves. PROCEDURE: 2 trials were performed. In each trial, 7 (trial 1) or 6 (trial 2) BWB calves and 3 FH calves were experimentally infested with P ovis and 3 BWB calves were maintained as uninfested controls. Animals were inoculated with KLH and IBR virus vaccine twice; 3 BWB calves in each trial were treated with ivermectin. Serum antibody responses to KLH, IBR virus, and P ovis were measured by use of ELISA. A lymphocyte transformation assay was used to determine nonspecific responses to 3 mitogens and specific lymphocyte reactivity to P ovis antigen. RESULTS: In each trial, 3 BWB and 3 FH calves developed clinical signs of psoroptic mange and mites could be recovered. Infested and control animals developed similar antibody titers to KLH and IBR virus. Antibodies to P ovis were detected early in some infested calves, and this was correlated with a marked cell-mediated immune response. Lymphocyte responsiveness to the 3 mitogens was not significantly different among groups. CONCLUSIONS: In these calves, infestation with P ovis induced a marked humoral and cell-mediated immune response. Immunosuppression was not evident. [less ▲]

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See detailHumoral and cellular immune response to a crude exo-antigen and purified keratinase of Microsporum canis in experimentally infected guinea pigs.
Mignon, Bernard ULg; Leclipteux, T.; Focant, Charles ULg et al

in Medical Mycology (1999), 37(2), 123-129

In order to understand better the host-parasite relationship and to compare with previous observations in Microsporum canis naturally infected cats, the humoral and cellular immune responses to both a ... [more ▼]

In order to understand better the host-parasite relationship and to compare with previous observations in Microsporum canis naturally infected cats, the humoral and cellular immune responses to both a crude exo-antigen and a 31.5 kDa purified keratinase were evaluated in 12 M. canis experimentally infected guinea pigs. Humoral and cellular responses were assessed by ELISA from days 0 to 56 postinfection (PI) and by measurement of delayed-type hypersensitivity (DTH) responses on days 14 and 57 PI, respectively. Additionally, immunohistochemical staining was performed and demonstrated that the keratinase was produced in infected guinea pig skin, as previously reported in cats. Despite a marked interindividual variation, all the guinea pigs produced specific IgG to the crude exo-antigen from day 21 PI onwards, but no anti-keratinase IgG was detected. Strongly positive DTH responses to the exo-antigen were observed on both dates, whereas the keratinase elicited no and weak DTH on days 14 and 57 PI, respectively. These results are in agreement with those previously described for naturally infected cats, and indicate that the 31.5 kDa keratinase is not a major antigen in M. canis infection. [less ▲]

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See detailHumoral and cellular immune response to a Microsporum canis recombinant keratinolytic metalloprotease (r-MEP3) in experimentally infected guinea pigs
Brouta, Frédéric; Descamps, Frédéric; Vermout, Sandy et al

in Medical Mycology (2003), 41(6), 495-501

In order to better understand the host-fungus relationship in Microsporum canis dermatophytosis and to identify major fungal antigens, the immune response to a crude exoantigen preparation and to a ... [more ▼]

In order to better understand the host-fungus relationship in Microsporum canis dermatophytosis and to identify major fungal antigens, the immune response to a crude exoantigen preparation and to a purified recombinant keratinolytic metalloprotease (r-MEP3) was evaluated in guinea pigs experimentally infected with M. canis. Humoral and cellular immune responses were assessed from day 0 to day 57 post-infection (PI), the former by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) and the latter via a lymphocyte proliferation assay. Infected guinea pigs developed humoral and cellular responses to both M. canis exoantigen and r-MEP3, while no specific immune response to these antigens was observed in control animals. This is the first report on the development of both humoral and cell-mediated immune responses to a purified keratinase in M. canis dermatophytosis. [less ▲]

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See detailHumoral antibody response to bovine leukemia virus infection in cattle and sheep.
Bex, Françoise; Bruck, Claudine; Mammerickx, Marc et al

in Cancer Research (1979), 39(3), 1118-1123

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See detailHumoral Immune Response in Calves to Single-Dose, Trickle and Challenge Infections with Fasciola Hepatica
Bossaert, K.; Farnir, Frédéric ULg; Leclipteux, Thierry ULg et al

in Veterinary Parasitology (2000), 87(2-3), 103-23

In cattle experimentally infected with Fasciola hepatica, parasite specific IgG1 and IgG2 responses were studied. Additionally parasite specific IgE production was assessed by the Passive Cutaneous ... [more ▼]

In cattle experimentally infected with Fasciola hepatica, parasite specific IgG1 and IgG2 responses were studied. Additionally parasite specific IgE production was assessed by the Passive Cutaneous Anaphylaxis reaction. The primary infection was administered either as a single-dose or as a trickle infection over a 4-week period. Animals were challenged 4 months later. Titres of IgG1 and IgG2 against excretory-secretory parasite products (FhESAg), and against a whole-worm extract (FhSomAg) were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) in relation to weight gain, serum hepatic enzyme levels, and fluke infection rate. At necropsy, the mean number of flukes recovered was similar in both infected groups. The two ELISAs specific for bovine IgG1 showed analogous sensitivity and specificity (92% and 94%). Cross-reactivity was observed towards Echinococcus granulosus, Cysticercus tenuicollis, and C. ovis but not towards C. bovis, Cooperia spp., and Ostertagia spp. FhESAg gave rise to apparently more stable specific IgG1 titres as compared to FhSomAg. Mean IgG1 titres were significantly higher in the single-dose-infected group than in the trickle-infected group during the early migratory phase of the infection (week 2 to week 4 (FhSomAg) or week 6 (FhESAg)). IgG2 values were consistently lower than IgG1 levels. The kinetic response of both isotypes yielded a similar pattern. Specific IgE antibodies were detected in cattle of both infected groups from week 2 post-primary infection (PPI) onwards. The mean serum glutamate dehydrogenase (GLDH) and gamma-glutamyl transferase (gammaGT) activities were significantly higher in the single-dose-infected group for 3 weeks around peak levels (12-14 weeks PPI and 14-16 weeks PPI for GLDH and gammaGT respectively). Western blotting revealed a major antigenic fraction in FhESAg (26-30 kDa) recognized specifically by sera from F. hepatica infected calves as early as 6-8 weeks PPI. Experimental challenge caused no statistically significant modification of any parameter (IgG1 and IgG2 titres, enzymatic activities, immunoblotting) used to monitor the course of the infection. No correlation was found between fluke size and number, and antibody titres, suggesting that IgG1 production has little protective effect against F. hepatica infection. [less ▲]

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See detailL'humour à la croisée des rapports interculturels
Defays, Jean-Marc ULg

in Cahiers francophones d'Europe Centre-Orientale (1995), I(5/6), 57-66

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See detailL'humour de Madame Bovary
Saint-Amand, Denis ULg

Conference given outside the academic context (2013)

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See detail« L’humour toujours l’humour (suite et fin) »
Demoulin, Laurent ULg; Aron, Paul

in Carnet et les Instants (2011), 165

Suite et fin de l'exploration de l'humour dans la littérature belge.

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See detail« L’humour toujours l’humour (suite) »
Demoulin, Laurent ULg

in Carnet et les Instants (2010), 164

Etude succincte de l'absurde chez quelques écrivains belges des XXe et XXIe siècles.

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See detailL'humour: le texte au banc d'essai
Defays, Jean-Marc ULg

Conference (1990, September)

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See detailHumTec-EET – Modellierung zukünftiger Energieversorgungsstrukturen
Frenzel, P; Kopriwa, Nicole; Hillerbrand, Rafaela et al

Conference (2010)