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See detailLevel of S100B protein expression in the amnion at various gestational ages in the third trimester of normal pregnancies.
Tskitishvili, Ekaterine ULg; Komoto, Yoshiko; Kinugasa, Yukiko et al

in Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica (2007), 86(8), 915-20

BACKGROUND: S100B protein is a unique calcium-binding protein. Its biological role within the cell populations is not completely defined. Some pathological conditions that develop during pregnancy could ... [more ▼]

BACKGROUND: S100B protein is a unique calcium-binding protein. Its biological role within the cell populations is not completely defined. Some pathological conditions that develop during pregnancy could affect S100B concentrations in the amniotic fluid, cord blood, and maternal serum. The aim of our study was to assess the correlation between S100B protein expression in the amnion, amniotic fluid and gestational age in the third trimester of uncomplicated pregnancies. METHODS: Amnion, amniotic fluid, maternal peripheral and umbilical cord blood samples were collected from healthy women who delivered at 31-36 weeks (n=17), 37-40 weeks (n=22), and 41-42 weeks (n=21). The expression of S100B in the amnion was assessed by immunohistochemistry and real-time (RT)-PCR, and its concentrations in amniotic fluid, maternal and cord blood sera were determined by ELISA. RESULTS: The S100B protein expression in the amnion and its concentrations in amniotic fluid, maternal and cord blood sera of patients in the third trimester were not significantly different at various gestational ages. CONCLUSIONS: The S100B protein expression in the amnion and the S100B protein concentrations in amniotic fluid, maternal and cord blood do not vary significantly in the third trimester of uncomplicated pregnancies. [less ▲]

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See detailLevels and congener distributions of PCDDs, PCDFs and non-ortho PCBs in Belgian foodstuffs - Assessment of dietary intake
Focant, Jean-François ULg; Eppe, Gauthier ULg; Pirard, C. et al

in Chemosphere (2002), 48(2), 167-179

Congener-specific analyses of 7 polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins (PCDDs), 10 polychlorinated dibenzofurans (PCDFs) and 4 non-ortho (coplanar) polychlorinated biphenyls (cPCBs) were performed on 197 ... [more ▼]

Congener-specific analyses of 7 polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins (PCDDs), 10 polychlorinated dibenzofurans (PCDFs) and 4 non-ortho (coplanar) polychlorinated biphenyls (cPCBs) were performed on 197 foodstuffs samples of animal origin from Belgium during years 2000 and 2001. All investigated matrices (except horse) present background levels lower than the Belgian non-commercialization value of 5 pg TEQ/g fat. Pork was the meat containing the lowest concentration of both PCDD/Fs and cPCBs. The mean background concentration of 2,3,7,8-TCDD toxicity equivalent in milk was 1.1 pg/g of fat, with a congener distribution typical of non-contaminated milk. The relative contribution of 2,3,7,8-TCDD, 2,3,7,8-TCDF, 1,2,3,7,8-PeCDD and 2,3,4,7,8-PeCDF to the PCDD/Fs TEQ was 85 +/- 7.9% for all investigated matrices. The cPCBs contribution to the total TEQ was 47 +/- 19.0% for products of terrestrial species and 69 +/- 20.0% for aquatic species. Once the contribution of cPCBs was added to the TEQ, few foodstuffs such as horse, sheep, beef, eggs and cheese presented levels above the future European guidelines that currently only include PCDD/Fs but will be re-evaluated later in order to include 'dioxin-like' PCBs. Based on levels measured in the samples, the estimation of the dietary intake was 65.3 pg WHO-TEQ/day for PCDD/Fs only (1.00 pg WHO-TEQ/kg bw/day, for a 65 kg person) and 132.9 pg WHO-TEQ/day if cPCBs were included (2.04 pg WHO-TEQ/kg bw/day, for a 65 kg person). Meat (mainly beef), dairy products, and fish each account for roughly one third of the intake. (C) 2002 Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved. [less ▲]

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See detailLevels and effects of PCDD/Fs and co-PCBs in sediments, mussels, and sea stars of the intertidal zone in the southern North Sea and the English Channel.
Danis, Bruno; Debacker, Virginie ULg; Trujilo Miranda, Carmen et al

in Ecotoxicology & Environmental Safety (2006), 65(2), 188-200

There is considerable concern regarding dioxin-like compounds (DLCs) in the marine environment. These ubiquitous contaminants are highly resistant to degradation, highly accumulated by marine organisms ... [more ▼]

There is considerable concern regarding dioxin-like compounds (DLCs) in the marine environment. These ubiquitous contaminants are highly resistant to degradation, highly accumulated by marine organisms, and extremely toxic. Concentrations of DLCs, including 7 polychlorodibenzo-p-dioxins, 10 polychlorodibenzofurans, and 4 coplanar polychlorinated biphenyls, were determined in sediments, mussels (Mytilus edulis), and sea stars (Asterias rubens) from five intertidal stations distributed along the Belgian coast and the English Channel. The induction of a biomarker, cytochrome P450 immunopositive protein (CYP1A IPP), was also measured in sea star pyloric caeca. Although no significant differences were found between the considered stations, DLC levels were found to be relatively high in biota, especially when the toxicity of these compounds is considered. Particular concern arises from TEQ values determined in mussels from all locations. Sea stars were found to be more discriminant between the stations. CYP1A IPP induction was found to be significantly related to DLC levels measured in sea stars and allowed significant discrimination between the considered stations. (c) 2005 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved. [less ▲]

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See detailLevels and enantiomeric signatures of methyl sulfonyl PCB and DDE metabolites in livers of harbor porpoises (Phocoena phocoena) from the southern North Sea
Chu, Shaogang; Covaci, Adrian; Haraguchi, Koichi et al

in Environmental Science & Technology (2003), 37(20), 4573-4578

The concentration of 26 methyl sulfonyl metabolites of polychlorinated biphenyls (MeSO2-PCBs) and of p,p'-DDE (MeSO2-DDE) were determined in 19 liver samples from harbor porpoises (Phocoena phocoena ... [more ▼]

The concentration of 26 methyl sulfonyl metabolites of polychlorinated biphenyls (MeSO2-PCBs) and of p,p'-DDE (MeSO2-DDE) were determined in 19 liver samples from harbor porpoises (Phocoena phocoena) stranded between 1997 and 2000 on the Belgian and French North Sea Coasts. The total concentration of MeSO2-PCBs ranged from 39 to 4221 ng/g lipid weight (lw) and were generally higher in adults (age >2 yr, range 969-4221 ng/g lw) than in juveniles (age <2 yr, range 39-1815 ng/g lw). The concentrations of MeSO2-DDE were generally also higher in adults (2196 ng/g lw) than in juveniles (0.5-60 ng/g lw). Congeners 3- and 4-MeSO2-CB101 were the dominating metabolites in all samples. Due to their preferential retention in the liver, the MeSO2-PCB congeners could be divided into two groups. The first group was dominated by the 3-MeSO2-PCB congeners and consisted of MeSO2-CB31, -CB49, -CB52, -CB87, and -CB101, which all have a 2,5-chlorine substitution in the phenyl ring containing the methyl sulfonyl group. The second group was dominated by the 4-MeSO2-PCB congeners and consisted of MeSO2-CB64, -CB91, -CB110, and -CB132, which all have a 2,3,6-chlorine substitution. The ratios of sum of PCBs/sum of MeSO2-PCBs and p,p-DDE/MeSO2-DDE differed greatly between individual subjects and ranged from 15 to 419 and from 17 to 1088, respectively. The ratio between the precursor PCB congeners and their corresponding metabolites ranged from 0.6 (CB49) to 175 (CB174). Enantiomeric fractions (EFs) for MeSO2-PCB atropisomers, which include 3-MeSO2-CB132, 3-MeSO2-CB149, 4-MeSO2-CB149, 3-MeSO2-CB174, and 4-MeSO2-CB174, were also measured in 8 out of the 19 subjects. High enantiomeric excess (EF > 0.73 or EF < 0.23) for the measured chiral MeSO2-PCB congeners was found in all samples. This result may suggest that one atropisomer may be preferentially formed in harbor porpoises or that the atropisomers are retained in a highly selective manner. [less ▲]

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See detailLevels and Profile of PCDD/Fs and cPCBs in Belgian Breast Milk
Focant, Jean-François ULg; Pirard, C.; Andre, J.-E. et al

in Organohalogen Compounds (2001), 52

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See detailLevels and profiles of PCDDs, PCDFs and cPCBs in Belgian breast milk. Estimation of infant intake
Focant, Jean-François ULg; Pirard, Catherine; Thielen, Caroline ULg et al

in Chemosphere (2002), 48(8), 763-770

Congener-specific analyses of polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins (PCDDs), polychlorinated dibenzofurans (PCDFs) and non-ortho (coplanar) polychlorinated biphenyls (cPCBs) were performed on 20 non-pooled ... [more ▼]

Congener-specific analyses of polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins (PCDDs), polychlorinated dibenzofurans (PCDFs) and non-ortho (coplanar) polychlorinated biphenyls (cPCBs) were performed on 20 non-pooled breast milk samples collected in or close to an industrial area of Wallonia (Belgium). PCDD/F concentrations ranged between 16.0 and 52.1 pg TEQ/g fat, with a mean value of 29.4 pg TEQ/g fat. If coplanar PCBs (77, 126, 169) are included in TEQ calculations, levels ranged between 22.2 and 100.2 pg TEQ/g fat, with a mean value of 40.8 pg TEQ/g fat. It appears that 2,3,7,8-TCDD, 1,2,3,7,8-PeCDD, 2,3,4,7,8-PeCDF and PCB-126 account for more than 90% of the TEQ. Estimated PCDD/F dietary intake is 76 pg TEQ/kg body weight (bw)/day. This value is almost 20 times higher than the World Health Organization tolerable daily intake. A value of 103 pg TEQ/kg bw/day represents the intake of PCDDs, PCDFs and cPCBs (no mono-ortho PCBs included). (C) 2002 Published by Elsevier Science Ltd. [less ▲]

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See detailLevels and trends of PCDD/Fs and PCBs in camel milk (Camelus bactrianus and Camelus dromedarius) from Kazakhstan
Konuspayeva, Gaukhar; Faye, Bernard; De Pauw, Edwin ULg et al

in Chemosphere (2011), 85

To date, despite the fact it represents a very important part of the national dairy production, no data are available concerning the concentrations of polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins (PCDDs ... [more ▼]

To date, despite the fact it represents a very important part of the national dairy production, no data are available concerning the concentrations of polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins (PCDDs), polychlorinated dibenzofurans (PCDFs), and polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) in camel milk from the Republic of Kazakhstan. Selected PCDDs, PCDFs, and PCBs were measured in pools of milk from camels (n = 15) located in various places of Kazakhstan (Almaty, Atyrau, Aralsk, Shymkent) and sampled at two different seasons for two different species (Camelus bactrianus and Camelus dromedarius). Non-dioxin-like (NDL- )PCB concentrations (6.3 ± 2.7 ng gÿ1 fat, median 5.1 ng gÿ1 fat, range 0.6–17.4 ng gÿ1 fat) were far below the maximum value of 40 ng gÿ1 fat proposed by the EU. Dioxin-like (DL-)PCB concentrations (1.7 ± 0.7 ng gÿ1 fat, median 1.5 ng gÿ1 fat, range 0.3–4.2 ng gÿ1 fat) and the NDL-PCB to DL-PCB ratio (4.3) were similar to what is reported in EU for cow-based dairy products. PCB 52 and PCB 101 appeared to be proportionally more present in Kazakh camel milk samples (>60% of the sum of the 6 indicator NDL-PCBs) than in European cow milk samples (<10% of the sum of the 6 indicator NDL-PCBs), indicating possible differences in the route of exposure to PCBs in Kazakhstan. PCB 105 and PCB 118 appeared to be present at higher concentrations in camel milk (>80% of the sum of the 12 DL-PCBs). PCB 105, PCB 118 and PCB 156 were the major congeners for DL-PCBs, accounting for 92% of the sum of concentrations of DL-PCBs (88% for Belgian cows). In terms of TEQ, PCB 126 and PCB 118 are the major contributors and represent, respectively, 80% and 14% of the DL-PCB TEQWHO05 concentrations. No significant interracial or geographical trends were observed for NDL- and DL-PCB profiles. However, concentrations of all DL-PCBs appeared to be significantly higher for samples collected in Atyrau region. 2,3,7,8-TCDD level (mean 0.08 ± 0.07 pg gÿ1 fat, median 0.08 pg gÿ1 fat, range 0.00–0.18 pg gÿ1 fat, 60% > LOQs) were very low for all samples and 2,3,4,7,8-PeCDF was the major contributor (27%) to the PCDD/F TEQWHO05. Considering the total TEQWHO05 (sum of DL-PCBs and PCDD/Fs), DL-PCB and PCDD/F contributed for 73% and 27%, respectively. A decrease of only 1% of the total TEQ was observed when using the TEFWHO05 scale instead of the TEFWHO98 scale. Two samples collected in the region of Atyrau exceeded the EU maximum level value of 6.00 pg TEQWHO98 gÿ1 fat (6.4 pg TEQWHO05 gÿ1 fat and 6.9 pg TEQWHO05 gÿ1 fat). Both samples exceeded the EU action level for the sum of DL-PCBs. Based on the fact that camel milk is used to prepare popular traditional fermented drinks like shubat, this suggests that the human exposure in the Caspian Sea region of Atyrau should be expected to be higher than in the other regions studied here. [less ▲]

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See detailLevels of C-reactive protein are associated with response to infliximab therapy in patients with Crohn's disease.
Jurgens, Matthias; Mahachie John, Jestinah ULg; Cleynen, Isabelle et al

in Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology : the Official Clinical Practice Journal of The American Gastroenterological Association (2011), 9(5), 421-71

BACKGROUND & AIMS: Infliximab is an antibody against tumor necrosis factor-alpha that is used to treat patients with moderate to severe Crohn's disease (CD). C-reactive protein (CRP) is a marker used to ... [more ▼]

BACKGROUND & AIMS: Infliximab is an antibody against tumor necrosis factor-alpha that is used to treat patients with moderate to severe Crohn's disease (CD). C-reactive protein (CRP) is a marker used to identify and follow individuals with CD. We analyzed changes in levels of CRP in a large cohort of patients with CD undergoing treatment with infliximab. METHODS: Serial levels of CRP were analyzed in 718 CD patients. Blood was collected before each infusion; a total of 8845 CRP levels were available for analysis. The correlations between CRP levels and need for dose adjustment, outcomes, and mucosal healing (based on endoscopic analysis of 253 patients) were evaluated. Therapy adjustment was considered successful if therapy continued without need for change. Subgroup analysis was performed by using data from 268 patients who received 8 weeks of maintenance therapy. RESULTS: More patients with high baseline levels of CRP responded to infliximab than patients with normal levels (90.8% vs 82.6%; P = .014). Early normalization of CRP levels correlated with sustained long-term response (P < .001). CRP levels remained significantly higher among patients who lost their response to infliximab, compared with those with a sustained response (P = .001). At time of loss of response, CRP levels were significantly increased (median, 11.2 mg/L) and did not return to baseline levels (median, 18.2 mg/L; P = .039). CRP correlated with mucosal healing (P = .033). CONCLUSIONS: CRP is a good marker of disease activity in patients treated with infliximab. Increased levels of CRP indicate mucosal inflammation and a likelihood of clinical relapse. [less ▲]

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See detailLevels of contamination for various pollutants present in Belgian human plasma
Van Wouwe, Nathalie; Covaci, Adrian; Kannan, Kurunthachalam et al

in Organohalogen Compounds (2004)

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See detailLevels of Dechloranes and PBDEs in Serum from Central European Population
Brasseur, Catherine ULg; Focant, Jean-François ULg

in Organohalogen Compounds (2013), 75

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