Is the KIID sufficient to associate portfolios to investor profiles?
in Bankers, Markets, Investors [=BMI] (2012), (118), 14-22
With the Key Investor Information Document (KID), the new UCITS IV framework brings a useful standardized and simplified scheme to explain the risk of mutual funds to non-professional investors. The ... [more ▼]
With the Key Investor Information Document (KID), the new UCITS IV framework brings a useful standardized and simplified scheme to explain the risk of mutual funds to non-professional investors. The Synthetic Risk and Reward Indicator (SRRI) methodology defines how to assess a volatility equivalent for each type of funds, and recognizes the specificities of various types of investment vehicles in the process. The SRRI rests upon two key principles: (i) risk-volatility mapping: the level of risk can be adequately translated by the volatility of returns; and (ii) reward to volatility: there must be a positive connection between the level of risk borne by the individual investor and the associated reward in terms of returns. We show that the SRRI methodology does not guarantee that these two principles are respected in practice. By forcing any type of risk to be translated into a volatility estimate, the approach overlooks investor’s heterogeneity in the definition of risk. The SRRI synthetic approach is powerless to adequately reflect the trade-off between normal and extreme risks the way it is perceived by individual investors. It also ignores that fund returns are not necessarily only related to volatility. We show that the KID does not replace a proper investment profiling system. The analysis of investor profiles is a necessary complement to the KID in order to provide adequate advice to investors. We provide an approach, based on the linear-exponential utility function, that enables the financial advisor to address the heterogeneity of investors when defining the risk of an investment portfolio. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 126 (21 ULg)
Is the multicolored Asian ladybeetle, Harmonia axyridis, the most abundant natural enemy to aphids in agroecosystems?
Vandereycken, Axel ; Durieux, Delphine ; Joie, Emilie et al
in Journal of Insect Science [=JIS] (2013), 13(158), 1-14
The multicolored Asian ladybeetle, Harmonia axyridis Pallas (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae), was introduced into Western Europe in the late 1990s. Since the late 2000s, this species has been commonly ... [more ▼]
The multicolored Asian ladybeetle, Harmonia axyridis Pallas (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae), was introduced into Western Europe in the late 1990s. Since the late 2000s, this species has been commonly considered one of the most abundant aphid predators in most Western European coun- tries. In spite of the large amount of research on H. axyridis, information concerning its relative abundance in agroecosystems is lacking. This study aims to evaluate the abundance of H. axyridis within the aphidophage community in four crops situated in southern Belgium: wheat, Triticum aestivum L. (Poales: Poaceae), corn, Zea mays, potato, Solanum tuberosum (Solanales: Solanaceae), and broad bean Vicia faba (Fabales: Fabaceae). In order to assess the species diver- sity, the collected data were analyzed by considering (1) the species richness and (2) the evenness according to the Shannon diversity index. Eleven aphidophages were observed in every invento- ried agroecosystem, including five abundant species: three coccinellids, the seven-spotted ladybug, Coccinella septempunctata L. (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae), the 14-spotted Ladybird, Propylea quatuordecimpunctata, and H. axyridis; one hoverfly, the marmalade hoverfly, Episyr- phus balteatus De Geer (Diptera: Syrphidae); and one lacewing, the common green lacewing, Chrysoperla carnea Stephens sensu lato (= s.l.) (Neuroptera: Chrysopidae). Harmonia axyridis has been observed to thrive, breed, and reproduce on the four studied crops. Harmonia axyridis is the most abundant predator of aphids in corn followed by C. septempunctata, which is the main aphid predator observed in the three other inventoried crops. In wheat and potato fields, H. axyridis occurs in low numbers compared to other aphidophage. These observations suggest that H. axyridis could be considered an invasive species of agrosystems, and that potato and wheat may intermittently act as refuges for other aphidophages vulnerable to intraguild predation by this invader. Harmonia axyridis is not the most abundant aphid predator in the main Belgian crops. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 26 (6 ULg)
Is the neutrophil a worthy target in severe asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease?
Louis, Renaud ;
in Clinical & Experimental Allergy : Journal of the British Society for Allergy & Clinical Immunology (2006), 36(5), 563-567Detailed reference viewed: 5 (0 ULg)
Is the noxious Ambrosia artemisiifolia L. going to invade Belgium?
Ortmans, William ; ; Mahy, Grégory et al
Poster (2014, February 07)
Ambrosia artemisiifolia L. is an invasive species from North America, causing a health crisis in Europe due to its highly allergenic pollen. In France, there is a zone where the A. artemisiifolia ... [more ▼]
Ambrosia artemisiifolia L. is an invasive species from North America, causing a health crisis in Europe due to its highly allergenic pollen. In France, there is a zone where the A. artemisiifolia populations are naturalized and invasive. Outside this area, populations are more rare and do not seem to expand. We tested if the performances of A. artemisiifolia are varying with competition level, and among geographical zones. The results show that populations from Belgium and Netherlands are not less efficient than invasive populations for the measured traits. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 46 (11 ULg)
IS THE PRESENCE OF MESOTROPHIC PLANT-COMMUNITIES IN THE PEAT-BOGS OF HAUTES-FAGNES (BELGIUM) CONNECTED WITH TONALITE INTRUSIONS IN THE REVINIAN LAYERS
Hambuckers, Alain ; Schumacker, René ; Remacle, Jean et al
in Belgian Journal of Botany (1995), 128(1), 48-56
Within the Hautes-Fagnes Nature Reserve (Belgium) acidic and oligotrophic biotopes are developing on very acidified stony silt raised bogs. However, they are locally dominated by mesotrophic species ... [more ▼]
Within the Hautes-Fagnes Nature Reserve (Belgium) acidic and oligotrophic biotopes are developing on very acidified stony silt raised bogs. However, they are locally dominated by mesotrophic species. Based on the fact that there are several outcrops of tonalite in the region and particularly one in the Nature Reserve, a hypothesis to explain these singularities of the vegetation implies discontinuities of the bedrock provoked by intrusions of this magmatic rock in the Revinian layer covering the region. Seventeen plots containing Phragmites australis were examined and vegetation was described. Silt and soil water were sampled and analyzed for mineral contents in 15 sites. The differences of mineral composition between the P. australis plots and their surrounding environment confirmed the more mesotrophic characteristics of these plots (i.e. higher pH, higher Ca and Mg contents, lower Al content). However, the lower Zn, Pb and Fe contents would lead to reject the hypothesis of intrusions of tonalite since these elements are more abundant in the tonalite and its mineralization than in the Revinian rock. Nevertheless, the overall ecological conditions of the examined plots and the differences of plant species composition suggested that the observed chemical environment could be evoked for explaining the distribution of the mesotrophic species in the oligotrophic environment of the Nature Reserve. Consequently, an alternative hypothesis is proposed. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 28 (3 ULg)
Is the seagrass Posidonia oceanica a reservoir of fecal indicator bacteria in the Mediterranean Sea
Polain, Stéphanie ; ; Lepoint, Gilles et al
Poster (2011, September)Detailed reference viewed: 28 (7 ULg)
Is the Sino-Nasal Outcome Test-22 a suitable evaluation for septorhinoplasty?
POIRRIER, Anne-Lise ; ; et al
in The Laryngoscope (2013), 123(1), 76-81
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: It is becoming increasingly important for clinicians to demonstrate the impact of their interventions. The Sino-Nasal Outcome Test-22 (SNOT-22) questionnaire is a disease-specific ... [more ▼]
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: It is becoming increasingly important for clinicians to demonstrate the impact of their interventions. The Sino-Nasal Outcome Test-22 (SNOT-22) questionnaire is a disease-specific questionnaire involving 22 symptoms combining rhinologic issues with general health issues. We evaluated the SNOT-22 score as a quality-of-life outcome measure in septorhinoplasty surgery. STUDY DESIGN: Outcome research. METHODS: We carried out a prospective case series in 76 patients undergoing septorhinoplasty. Their SNOT-22 scores were compared pre- and postoperatively. We also recorded individual symptom scores to study the impact of surgery. To check its reliability, the SNOT-22 score was correlated to patient-reported symptoms on a visual analogue scale. Patients were screened for comorbid conditions. Interactions with the surgical technique and/or with the initial sinonasal disease were sought. RESULTS: The SNOT-22 is a reliable and responsive outcome measure in septorhinoplasty surgery. Septorhinoplasty was especially effective at addressing nasal obstruction, discharge, olfaction, related sleep disturbance, and emotional symptoms such as embarrassment or frustration. Comparison to the visual analogue scale instrument confirmed the outcome measured by the SNOT-22. CONCLUSIONS: The SNOT-22 could be used in routine clinical practice to highlight the impact of nasal disease in each patient and to measure the outcome and the effectiveness of the surgical intervention. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 10 (1 ULg)
Is the Sorensen test really a fatigue task for trunk extensor muscles?
Demoulin, Christophe ; ; GROSDENT, Stéphanie et al
in Abstract book of the 8th Interdisciplinary World Congress on Low Back and Pelvic Pain (2013, October)Detailed reference viewed: 9 (0 ULg)
Is the triggering of Kainama landslide (Kyrgyzstan, 2004) related to seismic shaking, groundwater flow or a combination of both ?
; Havenith, Hans-Balder
in Geophysical Research Abstracts (2007, April)Detailed reference viewed: 7 (0 ULg)
Is the western population of the European mink, (Mustela lutreola), a distinct Management Unit for conservation?
Michaux, Johan ; Libois, Roland ; et al
in Biological Conservation (2004), 115(3), 357-367
The European mink (Mustela lutreola) is one of the most threatened carnivores in Europe, with fragmented populations in Belarus. Russia and Romania, as well in south-western France and northern Spain ... [more ▼]
The European mink (Mustela lutreola) is one of the most threatened carnivores in Europe, with fragmented populations in Belarus. Russia and Romania, as well in south-western France and northern Spain. Many populations have become extinct recently, or are declining. We investigated mitochondrial DNA variation, using the complete D-loop region, and concentrating oil the west European population. The aim was two-fold: to use the genetic information to advise on the conservation of European mink, and to begin to understand their history through the Pleistocene. Captive breeding and re-introduction programmes are underway, so it is particularly vital to know whether the West European population should be treated separately. We find that European mink probably colonised from a single refugium after the last glaciation. West European populations may be fixed for a single haplotype. also suggesting a common origin. Despite this evidence for gene flow, following the precautionary principle we suggest that mink from the three geographically separate populations (Romania, Eastern and Western Europe) should be managed separately, for the moment. (C) 2003 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 55 (3 ULg)
Is the wheat distillers grains soluble ProtiWanze a valuable alternative to soybean and canola meals in beef cattle diet?
Lessire, Françoise ; Rollin, Frédéric
in ICPD (Ed.) Book of Abstracts (2013, June 24)
The objective of this study was to evaluate whether introducing the condensed wheat distillers soluble ProtiWanze® (PW) in diets of beef cattle has an impact on feeding costs, health and production of the ... [more ▼]
The objective of this study was to evaluate whether introducing the condensed wheat distillers soluble ProtiWanze® (PW) in diets of beef cattle has an impact on feeding costs, health and production of the animals. PW by-product from a Belgian bio-ethanol plant which utilized only wheat without bran, is an acid (pH=4) liquid feed rich in energy (VEM= 1130) and protein (TP= 282 mg/kg DM). PW supplementation from 9 to 13% on DM basis has been tested in 4 suckler cows’ farms for 4 months in 2011 and 2012. In 2011, 2 BB (H1 and H3) and 1 Blonde d’Aquitaine (H2: 23 cows) herds were evaluated and in 2012, the Blonde d’Aquitaine herd was replaced by a third BBB herd (H4: 42 cows). Every month, animals’ health and production were checked by the mean of Body Condition Score, Ruminal Fill, Fecal Consistency, Undigested Fraction and Locomotion Scores determination, as described by Zaaier et al.(2001) and Sprecher et al.(1997). Ruminal fluid was sampled by a stomach tube (Ruminator®) on 5 cows for pH, redox potential (Methylene blue test) and protozoa assessment (optical microscopy). Reproduction performances of this 2 year’s-period were analyzed. Price of a diet containing the same amount of proteins brought by a mixture of 1/3 soybean and 2/3 canola meal was calculated to verify whether introducing PW reduced feeding costs. Whatever the concentration of PW used, no adverse effect has been observed concerning reproduction, production performance, ruminal pH. Feeding costs were reduced by 0.08 €/cow/day in 2011 and by 0.02 €/cow/day in 2012. This lower spared amount in 2012 is the consequence of the reduction in PW protein concentration while its price increased. Anyway, comparison has to take into account the energy brought by this CDS as it has been suggested by Petersen’s equation, which compares CDS price with soybean meal but also with maize price. Further argument to be considered, especially in BB, is the high PW palatability, its low ruminal filling value and better roughage digestion. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 21 (4 ULg)
Is the wheat distillers grains soluble ProtiWanze® a valuable alternative to soybean and canola meals in beef cattle?
Lessire, Françoise ; Rollin, Frédéric
in Université de Berne (Ed.) Proceedings of 8th ECBHM (2013, August 28)
The objective of this study was to evaluate whether introducing the condensed distillers soluble (CDS) ProtiWanze® (PW) in beef cattle diets has an impact on feeding costs, health and production of the ... [more ▼]
The objective of this study was to evaluate whether introducing the condensed distillers soluble (CDS) ProtiWanze® (PW) in beef cattle diets has an impact on feeding costs, health and production of the animals. PW, a by-product derived from a Belgian bio-ethanol plant which utilizes only branless wheat, is an acid (pH=4) liquid feed rich in energy (VEM= 1130) and protein (TP= 282 mg/kg DM). PW supplementation from 9 to 13% on DM basis was tested in 4 suckler cattle farms for 4 months in 2011 and 2012: In 2011, 2 Belgian Blue (BB) (H1 and H3) and one Blonde d’Aquitaine (H2) herds were evaluated and in 2012, H2 was replaced by a third BB herd (H4). Every month, the animals’ health and production were checked by means of Body Condition Scoring (BCS), Ruminal Fill (RF), Fecal Consistency (FC), Undigested Fraction (UF) and Locomotion Scores (LS). Ruminal fluid was collected with a stomach tube (Ruminator®) on 5 cows for pH, redox potential (Methylene blue test) and protozoa assessment (optical microscopy). Reproduction performances during these 2 years were analyzed. The price of a diet containing the same amount of proteins brought by a mixture of 1/3 soybean and 2/3 canola meal was calculated to verify whether introducing PW reduced feeding costs. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 12 (0 ULg)
Is the woodmouse (Apodemus sylaticus) of Sicily a distinct species ?
; ; Libois, Roland et al
in Belgian Journal of Zoology (1998), 128(2), 211-214Detailed reference viewed: 11 (1 ULg)
Is there a Belgian School of Ethnic and Migration Studies ?
Martiniello, Marco ; Bousetta, Hassan
in Radcliffe, P. (Ed.) The Politics of Social Science Research : ‘Race’, Ethnicity and Social Change (2001)Detailed reference viewed: 22 (1 ULg)
Is there a cold shock response in the Antarctic psychrophile Pseudoalteromonas haloplanktis?
Piette, Florence ; Leprince, Pierre ; Feller, Georges
in Extremophiles : Life Under Extreme Conditions (2012), 16Detailed reference viewed: 21 (8 ULg)
Is There a Difference Between Energy Balance of Cats Hospitalised for Surgical or for Medical Reasons?
; Claeys, Stéphanie ; et al
in Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine (2005, November), 19(6), 939Detailed reference viewed: 33 (4 ULg)
Is there a difference in hypertension screening and care in urban population vs rural company in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC)?
; ; et al
in Hypertension (2008), 26Detailed reference viewed: 13 (5 ULg)
Is there a dissociation between recall and recognition memory in amnesia?
Scientific conference (2001)Detailed reference viewed: 2 (0 ULg)