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See detailHigh diversity in late Early Cretaceous ichthyosaurs part II: The Cambridge Greensand material
Fischer, Valentin ULg

Conference (2011, September)

Recent and on-going work on Canadian and French Cretaceous ichthyosaurs has unveiled a high diversity of Albian ophthalmosaurids, suggesting the extinction of ichthyosaurs which occurs during the ... [more ▼]

Recent and on-going work on Canadian and French Cretaceous ichthyosaurs has unveiled a high diversity of Albian ophthalmosaurids, suggesting the extinction of ichthyosaurs which occurs during the Cenomanian was a much more severe event than previously supposed. Yet the ichthyosaur assemblages from other areas such as the USA and Australia are monospecific, suggesting that the diversity of ichthyosaurs was not universally high. The Cambridge Greensand ichthyosaur material, which has not been the subject of any thorough study since 1869, consists of about 900 specimens, the vast majority of which are isolated bones. Nevertheless, this abundant material offers a good opportunity to assess the diversity of the ichthyosaurs that roamed the western England Sea during the late Albian–Early Cenomanian interval. In order to assess this diversity, diagnostic bones such as basioccipitals, stapes, humeri and femora were compared to that of other ophthalmosaurids. Several morphotypes, some represented by 10+ specimens are recognized. Articulated specimens were used to unite cranial and appendicular bone morphotypes to a taxon. An extremely diverse assemblage of at least 5 distinct taxa is recognized in the Cambridge Greensand Formation: Platypterygius sp., two new genera that have representatives in southeastern France and Germany, a Brachypterygius/Aegirosaurus morphotype, and the long-forgotten but diagnostic Cetarthrosaurus walkeri, for which we found a second and better preserved specimen. The diversity of the ‘mid’ Cretaceous ichthyosaurs from Europe now matches that of the Early Jurassic, a period sometimes seen as the ‘Golden Age’ of post-Triassic ichthyosaurs. [less ▲]

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See detailHigh doses of transplanted CD34(+) cells are associated with rapid T-cell engraftment and lessened risk of graft rejection, but not more graft-versus-host disease after nonmyeloablative conditioning and unrelated hematopoietic cell transplantation
Baron, Frédéric ULg; Maris, M. B.; Storer, B. E. et al

in Leukemia (2005), 19(5), 822-828

This report examines the impact of graft composition on outcomes in 130 patients with hematological malignancies given unrelated donor granulocyte-colony-stimulating-factor-mobilized peripheral blood ... [more ▼]

This report examines the impact of graft composition on outcomes in 130 patients with hematological malignancies given unrelated donor granulocyte-colony-stimulating-factor-mobilized peripheral blood mononuclear cells (G-PBMC) ( n = 116) or marrow ( n = 14) transplantation after nonmyeloablative conditioning with 90 mg/m(2) fludarabine and 2Gy TBI. The median number of CD34(+) cells transplanted was 6.5 x 10(6)/ kg. Higher numbers of grafted CD14(+) ( P = 0.0008), CD3(+) ( P = 0.0007), CD4(+) ( P = 0.001), CD8(+) ( P = 0.004), CD3 - CD56(+) ( P = 0.003), and CD34(+) ( P = 0.0001) cells were associated with higher levels of day 28 donor T-cell chimerism. Higher numbers of CD14(+) ( P = 0.01) and CD34(+) ( P = 0.0003) cells were associated with rapid achievement of complete donor T-cell chimerism, while high numbers of CD8(+) ( P = 0.005) and CD34(+) ( P = 0.01) cells were associated with low probabilities of graft rejection. When analyses were restricted to G-PBMC recipients, higher numbers of grafted CD34(+) cells were associated with higher levels of day 28 donor T-cell chimerism ( P = 0.01), rapid achievement of complete donor T-cell chimerism ( P = 0.02), and a trend for lower risk for graft rejection ( P = 0.14). There were no associations between any cell subsets and acute or chronic GVHD nor relapse/progression. These data suggest more rapid engraftment of donor T cells and reduced rejection rates could be achieved by increasing the doses of CD34(+) cells in unrelated grafts administered after nonmyeloablative conditioning. [less ▲]

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See detailHigh Dynamic Range Imaging with the FIRST instrument
Perrin, G.; Lacour, S.; Huby, Elsa ULg et al

Conference (2010, October 01)

A concept to achieve high dynamic range images from the ground is presented. The main idea is to calibrate turbulent fluctuations of wavefronts in a telescope pupil with a fibered fully redundant aperture ... [more ▼]

A concept to achieve high dynamic range images from the ground is presented. The main idea is to calibrate turbulent fluctuations of wavefronts in a telescope pupil with a fibered fully redundant aperture mask. This is the principle of the FIRST instrument whose first prototype version is to see stellar photons in July 2010 at Lick Observatory. Lab results and hopefully first sky results will be presented. [less ▲]

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See detailHigh dynamic range interferometric observations of exozodiacal discs: performance comparison between ground, space, and Antarctica
Absil, Olivier ULg; Defrere, Denis; Coudé du Foresto, Vincent et al

in Schöller, Markus; Danchi, William; Delplancke, Françoise (Eds.) Optical and Infrared Interferometry (2008, July 01)

The possible presence of large amounts of exozodiacal dust around nearby main sequence stars represents a threat to the detection and characterisation of Earth-like extrasolar planets with future infrared ... [more ▼]

The possible presence of large amounts of exozodiacal dust around nearby main sequence stars represents a threat to the detection and characterisation of Earth-like extrasolar planets with future infrared space interferometers such as DARWIN or TPF. In this paper, we first review the current detection capabilities of ground-based infrared interferometers such as CHARA/FLUOR and the detections of hot dust that have been obtained so far around a few main sequence stars. With the help of realistic instrumental simulations, we then discuss the relative merits of various ground-based sites (temperate and Antarctic) versus space-based observatories for the detection of exozodiacal discs down to a few zodi by interferometric nulling as a preparation to future life-finding missions. In particular, we discuss the performance of four proposed nulling interferometers: GENIE, ALADDIN, PEGASE and FKSI. An optimised strategy for the characterisation of candidate DARWIN/TPF targets is finally proposed. [less ▲]

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See detailHigh energy and short pulses generation by Nd:yttrium aluminum garnet laser mode-locked using frequency-doubling nonlinear mirror
Mani, A. A.; Lis, D.; Grawet, L. et al

in Optics Communications (2007), 276

The generation of laser pulses with energies of >40 mJ at 25 Hz and durations variable from 15 ps to 45 ps using an Nd:yttrium aluminum garnet laser mode-locked with a Stankov nonlinear mirror is ... [more ▼]

The generation of laser pulses with energies of >40 mJ at 25 Hz and durations variable from 15 ps to 45 ps using an Nd:yttrium aluminum garnet laser mode-locked with a Stankov nonlinear mirror is demonstrated. This laser is used to pump an optical parametric generator-amplifier, which is tunable in the visible spectral range. [less ▲]

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See detailHigh energy environment offshore deposits in the western Gulf of Corinth, Greece
Beckers, Arnaud ULg; Mortier, Clément; Beck, Christian et al

Conference (2013, April)

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See detailHigh energy, high resolution x-ray tomography applied to catalytic distillation packings
Toye, Dominique ULg; Le Trong, Emmanuel; Marchot, Pierre ULg et al

Conference (2005)

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See detailHigh field behavior of artificially engineered boundaries in melt-processed YBa2Cu3O7-delta
Doyle, R. A.; Bradley, A. D.; Lo, W. et al

in Applied Physics Letters (1998), 73(1), 117-119

Artificial bulk "zero-angle" boundaries parallel to the c axis have been engineered between large melt-processed YBa2CU3O7-delta (YBCO) grains and observed to carry a transport supercurrent at fields up ... [more ▼]

Artificial bulk "zero-angle" boundaries parallel to the c axis have been engineered between large melt-processed YBa2CU3O7-delta (YBCO) grains and observed to carry a transport supercurrent at fields up to at least 5 T at 77 K. The temperature and angular dependencies of the boundary resistance have exactly the same form as those of the grains, which is evidence that the grains are intimately coupled. The limiting mechanism for current transfer across these boundaries is, therefore, not a simple weak link or Josephson effect. This joining technique is extremely promising for production of macroscopic engineering artifacts. (C) 1998 American Institute of Physics. [less ▲]

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See detailHigh frequency of JAZF1-JJAZ1 gene fusion in endometrial stromal tumors with smooth muscle differentiation by interphase FISH detection
Oliva, E.; de Leval, Laurence ULg; Soslow, R. A. et al

in American Journal of Surgical Pathology (2007), 31(8), 1277-1284

The most common cytogenetic alteration observed in low-grade endometrial stromal tumors (EST) is the t(7;17)(p15.-q21) translocation, resulting in the fusion of the JAZF1 and JJAZ1 genes. By reverse ... [more ▼]

The most common cytogenetic alteration observed in low-grade endometrial stromal tumors (EST) is the t(7;17)(p15.-q21) translocation, resulting in the fusion of the JAZF1 and JJAZ1 genes. By reverse-transcription polymerase chain reaction, the translocation has been detected overall in one-third of ESTs. but only rarely in its variants. The purpose of this study was to develop a fluorescence in situ hybridization assay for detection of this translocation using archival paraffin-embedded samples of ESTs with smooth muscle differentiation and to assess the nature of the smooth Muscle component of these tumors. Representative paraffin blocks of 9 endometrial stromal nodules and I low-grade endometrial stromal sarcoma were collected for the study. In I case, the block selected also contained areas of sex cordlike differentiation. A fluorescence in situ hybridization probe set was designed to detect the t(7;17)(p15;q12) on tissue sections. Six Out of 10 collected ESTs were assessable. Fusion signals were detected in 3 out of 6 cases (50%) in both the conventional endometrial stromal and the smooth muscle components of the tumors. The tumor sample with sex cordlike differentiation harbored the fusion signal in all the 3 components. Out-results Support the contention that the endometrial stromal and smooth muscle components of these tumors have the same ori.-in, either from a common precursor cell with pluripotential differentiation or from endometrial stromal cells that have undergone smooth muscle metaplasia. Our results indicate that the detection of this chromosomal abnormality can be used to diagnose ESTs with smooth muscle differentiation when the smooth muscle component is predominant. [less ▲]

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See detailHigh frequency of RASSF1A and RARb2 gene promoter methylation in morphologically normal endometrium adjacent to endometrioid adenocarinoma
Arafa, M.; Kridelka, Frédéric ULg; Mathias, Valérie ULg et al

in Histopathology (2008), 53(5), 525-532

Aims: To identify a DNA methylation signature of endometrioid carcinoma of the endometrium (EEC) in the early stages of endometrial carcinogenesis. <br />Methods and results: Archival biopsy specimens of ... [more ▼]

Aims: To identify a DNA methylation signature of endometrioid carcinoma of the endometrium (EEC) in the early stages of endometrial carcinogenesis. <br />Methods and results: Archival biopsy specimens of 39 EECs, 14 cases of atypical hyperplasia (AH), 11 histologically normal endometrial tissues adjacent to EECs and 24 normal control endometrial samples were retrieved. The cases were tested by quantitative methylation-specific polymerase chain reaction with primers hybridizing in the promoter regions of five genes frequently methylated in human cancer (RASSF1A, RARb2, P16, MGMT and GSTPi). Twenty-nine of 39 (74%) EECs and 7/14 (50%) AHs were methylated for the RASSF1A gene, whereas 17/39 (44%) EECs and 6/14 (43%) AHs were positive for the methylation of the RARb2 gene. No significant results were obtained for the other genes (P16, MGMT and GSTPi). Interestingly, 4/11 (36%) and 6/11 (55%) histologically normal endometrial tissues adjacent to EEC showed, respectively, RASSF1A and RARb2 gene methylation. Furthermore, these 11 specimens were microsatellite stable and showed similar proliferative, cell cycle and apoptotic mean labelling indices as the normal endometrial control tissues. <br />Conclusions: Promoter region methylation of RASSF1A and RARb2 genes is an early event in endometrial carcinogenesis. [less ▲]

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See detailHigh Incidence of AIP mutations in sporadic pituitary adenomas in young patients with macroadenomas
Tichomirova, M. A.; Daly, Adrian ULg; Barlier, A. et al

in The Endocrine Society's 91st Annual Meeting : 10-13 juin 2009, Washington (2009)

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See detailHigh Incidence of AIP mutations in sporadic pituitary adenomas in young patients with macroadenomas
Tichomirova, M.; Daly, Adrian ULg; Jaffrain-Réa, M. L. et al

in 52 Symposium der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Endokrinologie (2009, March)

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See detailHigh incidence of complications after 2-chloro-2'-deoxyadenosine combined with cyclophosphamide in patients with advanced lymphoproliferative malignancies.
Van Den Neste, E.; Michaux, L.; LAYIOS, Nathalie ULg et al

in Annals of Hematology (2004), 83(6), 356-63

The combination of purine analogs with alkylating agents is able to produce a synergistic antitumoral effect. However, the addition of immunosuppressive and DNA-targeting agents might increase purine ... [more ▼]

The combination of purine analogs with alkylating agents is able to produce a synergistic antitumoral effect. However, the addition of immunosuppressive and DNA-targeting agents might increase purine analog-related complications. The risk for serious complications was evaluated in 38 patients treated with 2-chloro-2'-deoxyadenosine (CDA) and cyclophosphamide (CP). The diagnoses were chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) in 15, Waldenstrom's macroglobulinemia in 4, mantle cell lymphoma in 6, follicular non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL) in 10, and other low-grade NHL in 3 patients. All patients were pretreated (median: 2 lines, range: 1-5) and 23 (61%) were refractory. The patients received a median of two courses (range: 1-5) of 5.6 mg/m(2) CDA, followed by a median of 200 mg/m(2) CP, for 3 days. The response rate was 51% [complete remission (CR): 14%, partial remission (PR): 38%]. Grade 3/4 infections occurred in 16 (42%) patients. Dose-limiting cytopenias were seen in 22 (58%) patients. In 12 (32%) patients, autoimmune manifestations developed requiring treatment in most of them. Second cancers arose in five (13%) patients (myelodysplastic syndrome/acute myelocytic leukemia in three, lung cancer in two). Multivariate analysis showed that cytopenias, gender (F), prior radiotherapy, and age (>65 years) predicted for the complications seen after CDA-CP. To conclude, because of the high incidence of complications, caution is warranted in selecting patients with advanced lymphoid malignancies for the CDA-CP protocol. [less ▲]

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See detailHigh incidence of high-risk HPV in benign and malignant lesions of the larynx.
Duray, Anaelle; Descamps, Geraldine; Arafa, Mohammad et al

in International Journal of Oncology (2011), 39(1), 51-9

The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of human papillomavirus (HPV) in patients with laryngeal benign lesions (LBLs) and laryngeal squamous cell carcinomas (LSCCs) using a sensitive E6/E7 ... [more ▼]

The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of human papillomavirus (HPV) in patients with laryngeal benign lesions (LBLs) and laryngeal squamous cell carcinomas (LSCCs) using a sensitive E6/E7 type-specific PCR. Paraffin-embedded samples from LBL (n=39) and LSCC patients (n=67) were evaluated for the presence of HPV DNA by GP5+/GP6+ consensus PCR and E6/E7 type-specific PCR for HPV types 6, 11, 16, 18, 31, 33, 35, 39, 45, 51, 52, 53, 56, 58, 59, 66 and 68. In LSCCs, immunohistochemical staining of p16, p53 and EGFR was also assessed. The E6/E7 type-specific PCR showed that 44 out of 59 LSCC patients (i.e., 75%) had high-risk (hr) HPV types and that 27 out of 35 LBL patients (i.e., 77%) had hrHPV types. HPV-16 viral load was significantly higher in LSCC than in LBL patients (p<10-6). The presence of hrHPV DNA did not correlate with the proportion of disease-free patients. Comparable levels of p16, p53 and EGFR expression were observed in the hrHPV+ tumor group (100% p16+, 56% p53+ and 97% EGFR+) and in the HPV- or low-risk (lr) HPV+ tumor group (92% p16+, 66% p53+ and 100% EGFR+). A very high prevalence of oncogenic HPV-16 was found in a series of benign and malignant laryngeal lesions. LSCC appears to be characterized by an active hrHPV infection. In LSCCs, the hrHPV+ subgroup had a similar prognosis (in terms of risk of recurrence) as the HPV- subgroup. [less ▲]

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