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See detailThe influence of affective valence on false recognition in the Deese/Roediger & McDermott procedure.
Dehon, Hedwige ULg; Laroi, Frank ULg; van der linden, Martial

Poster (2007, October)

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See detailThe influence of affective valence on false recognition in the DRM procedure.
Dehon, Hedwige ULg; Laroi, Frank ULg; Van der Linden, Martial

Poster (2008)

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See detailInfluence of Age and Breed on the Binding of Oxygen to Red Blood Cells of Bovine Calves
Gustin, Pascal ULg; Detry, B.; Robert, Alain ULg et al

in Journal of Applied Physiology (Bethesda, Md. : 1985) (1997), 82(3), 784-90

The influence of somatic growth and genetic selection on the whole blood oxygen equilibrium curve (OEC) was measured under standard conditions in double-muscled and dairy calves during their first 3 mo of ... [more ▼]

The influence of somatic growth and genetic selection on the whole blood oxygen equilibrium curve (OEC) was measured under standard conditions in double-muscled and dairy calves during their first 3 mo of life. Crossbreed animals were also investigated. Hemoglobin, 2,3-diphosphoglycerate (DPG), Cl, and Pi concentrations were also measured. The percentage of fetal hemoglobin (HbF) was determined. The influence of exogenous Cl, Pi, and pH on the OEC was also assessed. The PO2 at 50% hemoglobin saturation (P50) increased during somatic growth, probably because of the increase in DPG recorded in double-muscled neonates and to the progressive disappearance of HbF in both breeds. The oxygen exchange fraction (OEF%) was used to assess the combined influence of the OEC shift and OEC shape changes on blood oxygen desaturation under standard conditions, when the PO2 decreases within a physiological range. The OEF% showed an increase during the first month, then a stabilization. The effects of Cl, Pi, and pH in Friesian calves were similar as in adult cattle. Double-muscled neonates had a lower P50, OEF% values, and DPG concentrations and higher hemoglobin and Cl concentrations than Friesian neonates. The Pi concentration and the percentage of HbF were similar in both breeds. The pH and the Cl concentration had significantly less effect on the OEC in double-muscled than in Friesian calves. Crossbreed animals exhibited intermediate parameter values, between those recorded for double-muscled and Friesian calves. All differences between breeds progressively disappeared during the first month. These data show that blood function changes markedly in calves during the first month of life and that genetic selection can alter blood function. [less ▲]

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See detailThe influence of age and depression on intellectual and memory performances
Mormont, Christian ULg

in Acta Psychiatrica Belgica (1984), 84(2), 127-134

Since we know that both aging and depression impair intellectual functioning, a question arises about specificity of impairment in each condition. Intellectual and memory performances (WAIS, visual and ... [more ▼]

Since we know that both aging and depression impair intellectual functioning, a question arises about specificity of impairment in each condition. Intellectual and memory performances (WAIS, visual and verbal tests, attention task) were correlated on the one hand with a mood score (BfS) and one the other with age in a group of 101 men (age: 49 to 86; means = 59). We found that: 1 degree some intellectual tasks are more impaired by depression than by aging; 2 degrees the digit symbol substitution test (WAIS) and the V.R.T. scores (Benton) are correlated with both mood and age; 3 degrees a weakened mental control appears among the older patients. [less ▲]

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See detailInfluence of age on bronchoscopic findings in healthy beagle dogs.
Mercier, Elise ULg; Bolognin, Myriam; Hoffmann, A. C. et al

in Veterinary Journal (2011)

The aims of this study were to evaluate the effect of age on bronchoscopic features and bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) cellularity in dogs. Thirty healthy beagle dogs from three age groups were ... [more ▼]

The aims of this study were to evaluate the effect of age on bronchoscopic features and bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) cellularity in dogs. Thirty healthy beagle dogs from three age groups were included: young dogs (10 months to 4.5 years of age; n = 8), middle-aged dogs (5–8 years old; n = 13) and older dogs (>8 years; n = 9). Haematology, thoracic radiography, bronchoscopy and bronchoalveolar lavage were performed; bronchoscopic findings were scored and BALF total and differential cell counts were determined. The total bronchoscopic score was higher in older dogs; these dogs had more irregular bronchial mucosa, more prominent mucosal vessels and bronchiectasis. Younger dogs had a higher percentage of neutrophils in BALF compared with middle-aged and old dogs and a higher percentage of lymphocytes in BALF compared with middle-aged dogs. The results show that age has an effect on bronchoscopic features of airways and the composition of BALF in the dog. [less ▲]

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See detailInfluence of age on bronchoscopical findings in healthy beagle dogs
Mercier, Elise ULg; Bolognin, Myriam; Delvaux, François ULg et al

in Proceedings of the 17th Annual Congress of the ECVIM-CA (2007)

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See detailInfluence of age on the clinical outcomes of coronary revascularisation for the treatment of patients with multivessel de novo coronary artery lesions: sirolimus-eluting stent vs. coronary artery bypass surgery and bare metal stent, insight from the multicentre randomised Arterial Revascularisation Therapy Study Part I (ARTS-I) and Part II (ARTS-II)
Legrand, Victor ULg; Garg, Scott; Serruys, Patrick et al

in EuroIntervention : Journal of EuroPCR in Collaboration with the Working Group on Interventional Cardiology of the European Society of Cardiology (2011), 5

Aims: We sought to evaluate the prognostic impact of age on the procedural results and subsequent clinical outcomes in patients with multivessel disease (MVD) treated either by coronary artery bypass ... [more ▼]

Aims: We sought to evaluate the prognostic impact of age on the procedural results and subsequent clinical outcomes in patients with multivessel disease (MVD) treated either by coronary artery bypass surgery (CABG) or by percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) with or without drug eluting stents, based on data of the Arterial Revascularisation Therapies Study (ARTS) part I and part II. The potential influence of age in determining the most appropriate revascularisation strategy for patients with MVD is largely unknown. Methods and results: Three year clinical outcome of ARTS I patients randomised to PCI with bare metal stent (BMS) (n= 600) or CABG (n= 605), and matched patients treated by PCI with sirolimus-eluting stents (SES) in ARTS II (n= 607) were reviewed according to four age quartiles. Endpoints were measured in terms of major adverse cardiac and cerebrovascular events MACCE) during hospital stay and up to three years. The frequency of female, diabetes, hypertension, peripheral vascular disease, pulmonary disease, as well as lesion complexity increased with age. At three years, MACCE free survival was comparable between patients treated by CABG or SES PCI, regardless of age quartile. The incidence of MACCE was higher among ARTS I BMS treated patients in all but the second age quartile. This was primarily related to a higher need for repeat revascularisation among BMS treated patients. However, age, which emerged as a strong independent predictor of MACCE following CABG (p<0.005), was not predictive of adverse events following PCI. Conversely, diabetes was the strongest independent predictor of MACCE among PCI treated patients (p<0.02), but didn’t affect three-year outcomes following CABG. Conclusions: Age seems to influence the CABG outcome in-hospital but not PCI. PCI-SES could offer lower immediate risk in patients with MVD and comparable long-term outcome as CABG especially in older patients. The worst outcome of PCI-BMS group is primarily related to the need for repeat revascularisation. Diabetes is the most important predictor of MACCE following PCI. [less ▲]

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See detailInfluence of Age, Sex and Body Condition on Zinc, Copper, Cadmium and Metallothioneins in Common Guillemots (Uria aalge) Stranded at the Belgian Coast.
Debacker, Virginie ULg; Schiettecatte, Laure-Sophie; Jauniaux, Thierry ULg et al

in Marine Environmental Research (2001), 52(5), 427-444

The common guillemots, Uria aalge, found stranded at the Belgian coast, display high levels of Cu in both liver and kidneys. The condition index of the animals, defined as the ratio of liver to kidneys ... [more ▼]

The common guillemots, Uria aalge, found stranded at the Belgian coast, display high levels of Cu in both liver and kidneys. The condition index of the animals, defined as the ratio of liver to kidneys mass (Wenzel & Adelung, 1996), influences both the metal concentration and its binding to metallothioneins (MT): the lower the condition index, the more emaciated the animals, and the higher the total Cu concentration and the concentration of Cu bound to MT. In less robust individuals, our results suggest that Cu could displaces Zn from MT rendering the Zn ions available to induce a new MT synthesis. Sex related effects also emerged as significantly higher hepatic MT as well as Cu- and Zn-MT concentrations were found in emaciated male guillemots compared to females. In both organs, Cd concentrations remained low and typically demonstrated an age-dependent renal accumulation, with no noticeable effect of the condition index. As a whole, these results suggest that, for guillemots found stranded at the Belgian coast, Cu binding to hepatic and renal MT could function as a protective mechanism, rendering the metal ions unavailable to exert any cytotoxic activity. [less ▲]

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See detailInfluence of ageing time on some meat characteristics in quality of double-muscled Belgian Blue White bulls.
Nicolay, Laurence; Sindic, Marianne ULg; Frere, Pol ULg et al

Poster (1996, November 28)

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See detailInfluence of aging technique and muscle on physicochemical stability and antioxidant capacity of high-oxygen atmosphere packed beef
Didimo Imazaki, Pedro Henrique ULg; Tahiri, Assia ULg; Thimister, Jacqueline ULg et al

Poster (2014, August)

The aim of this study was to compare the effect of aging technique (wet-aging vs. carcass-aging), muscle (longissimus dorsi vs. rectus femoris) and previous vacuum storage time on color and lipid ... [more ▼]

The aim of this study was to compare the effect of aging technique (wet-aging vs. carcass-aging), muscle (longissimus dorsi vs. rectus femoris) and previous vacuum storage time on color and lipid stability of beef packaged in high-oxygen atmosphere. After a seven-day wet- or carcass-aging step, longissimus dorsi and rectus femoris muscle cuts from 4 Belgian Blue cows were vacuum packaged and stored at −1 °C for up to 28 days. At different times, part of these samples was repackaged under modified atmosphere – 70 % O2:30 % CO2 –, and stored during 7 days at +4 °C. The following parameters were evaluated at different intervals: color (CIE L*a*b*), metmyoglobin %, lipid oxidation (TBARS), antioxidant enzyme activities (catalase, glutathione peroxidase and superoxide dismutase), alpha-tocopherol and fat content. The sensitivity of modified atmosphere repacked meat cuts to oxidation was influenced by the conditions of the previous aging period (wet > carcass conditions), muscle (rectus femoris > longissimus dorsi) and length of the vacuum storage. Oxidation stability could be associated with catalase activity, and no association could be established with the alpha-tocopherol content. [less ▲]

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See detailInfluence of Alloying Elements on the Thixoformability of a Chromium Steel
Fraipont, Céline; Lecomte-Beckers, Jacqueline ULg

in International Journal of Material Forming (2008), 1(1), 997-1000

This paper deals with the examination of the influence of alloying elements on the thixoformability of a chromium steel. It focuses on the liquid fraction curves of various chromium steels with and ... [more ▼]

This paper deals with the examination of the influence of alloying elements on the thixoformability of a chromium steel. It focuses on the liquid fraction curves of various chromium steels with and without modification of composition. The liquid fraction versus temperature has been obtained by MTData, a thermodynamic prediction package, and by Differential Thermal Analysis (DTA), limited to low heating rates. The correlation between liquid fraction and temperature has been studied. The effect of modifications of composition and of heating rate was observed. First, the thermodynamical calculations allow the study of the influence of alloying elements with variations in chemical composition. Secondly, the DTA tests offer the possibility to observe the influence of heating rate on liquid fraction curve parameters. All these results lead to the identification of the initial parameters necessary to perform inductive heating and quenching tests, and so to approach the industrial process. [less ▲]

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See detailThe influence of an acid-base-equilibrium on the adsorption behaviour of a weak polyampholyte
Mahltig, Boris; Jérôme, Robert ULg; Stamm, Manfred

in Journal of Polymer Research (2003), 10(4), 219-223

A weak diblock polyampholyte PMAA-b-PDMAEMA, poly(methacrylic acid)-block-poly((dimethylamino)ethyl methacrylate), was investigated as a model system for the influence of an acid-base-equilibrium of a ... [more ▼]

A weak diblock polyampholyte PMAA-b-PDMAEMA, poly(methacrylic acid)-block-poly((dimethylamino)ethyl methacrylate), was investigated as a model system for the influence of an acid-base-equilibrium of a phthalic acid buffer system on the polyelectrolyte adsorption behaviour. The adsorption of polyampholyte from aqueous solution onto silicon surfaces is known to be strongly influenced by the parameters of the polymer solution and the properties of the polyampholyte itself like block ratio or molecular weight. In the case of the investigated polyampholytes, the main parameter with the most significant influence on the adsorption is the pH. The big influence of pH on adsorption results from the charges of the polymer chains and the substrate, which are determined by the pH. Therefore, it should be useful to investigate the influence of a buffer system on the polyampholyte adsorption. On the one hand the buffer system enables to determine the pH of the aqueous polyampholyte solution more precisely. On the other hand the concentrations of different phthalic species like the phthalic acid, the hydrogen phthalate and the phthalate are strongly influenced by pH. These different species were observed to have a strong influence on the adsorption behaviour of the polyampholyte, so the adsorption as function of pH was observed to be also determined by the acid-base-equilibrium of the buffer system. The adsorbed amount of polyampholyte dried after the adsorption process was determined using ellipsometry, while the surface topography of these adsorbed layers were characterized by atomic force microscopy (AFM). [less ▲]

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See detailInfluence of an experimental Trypanosoma congolense infection and plane of nutrition on milk production and some biochemical parameters in West African Dwarf goats
Faye, D.; Fall, A.; Leak, S. et al

in Acta Tropica (2005), 93(3), 247-257

The interactions of trypanosomosis and plane of nutrition on health and productivity of multiparous and primiparous West African Dwarf (WAD) does were studied in a multi-factorial experiment including ... [more ▼]

The interactions of trypanosomosis and plane of nutrition on health and productivity of multiparous and primiparous West African Dwarf (WAD) does were studied in a multi-factorial experiment including diet (supplementation or basal diet) and infection (infected or control). Experimental does were infected with Trypanosoma congolense at the beginning of the second week post-kidding and monitored for 16 weeks after infection. Trypanosome infection significantly reduced packed cell volume (PCV) (control: 30.1 +/- 0.3% versus infected: 22.2 +/- 0.3%; P < 0.0001). Regardless of infection, the drop in PCV from the pre-infection period to the end of the experiment was more severe in animals under restricted diet (interaction diet x period, P < 0.001). Trypanosome parasitaemia tended to be higher in the supplemented group than in the basal diet group (P > 0.05) and multiparous animals had a higher parasitaemia (score: 2.6 +/- 0.1) than primiparous animals (score: 2.2 +/- 0.1) (P < 0.05). Trypanosome infection as well as dietary supplement had a significant effect on lactation length. Milk off-take from trypanosome-infected does was significantly lower than that from the uninfected control group (17.5 +/- 3.21 versus 35.5 +/- 3.21, P < 0.001) and there was a positive effect of plane of nutrition (supplemented: 32.8 +/- 3.21 and basal diet: 20.2 +/- 3.51, P = 0.01). The drop in milk off-take due to trypanosome infection was more severe in the supplemented group (control: 46.7 +/- 4.71 versus infected: 18.9 +/- 4.21) than in the group receiving a basal diet (control: 24.2 +/- 5.01 versus infected: 16.1 +/- 4.71) (interaction infection x diet, P = 0.04) due to the number of does from the supplemented group that were withdrawn from the experiment. The effect of trypanosome infection on doe's live-weight was only noticeable during the first 8 weeks of lactation and there was no significant effect on offspring growth rate unless the mother died. Plasma total protein (TP), albumin and cholesterol concentrations were significantly reduced by the infection but were significantly increased by supplementation. Supplemented does had a higher level of cholesterol and a tendency for a higher parasitaemia. Does of high parity also had a higher cholesterol level than primiparous does and, based on the number of animals that were withdrawn from the experiment, they showed a lower resistance to the infection. (c) 2005 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. [less ▲]

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See detailInfluence of anesthesia on cerebral blood flow, cerebral metabolic rate, and brain functional connectivity.
BONHOMME, Vincent ULg; BOVEROUX, Pierre ULg; HANS, Pol ULg et al

in Current Opinion in Anaesthesiology (2011), 24(5), 474-9

PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To describe recent studies exploring brain function under the influence of hypnotic anesthetic agents, and their implications on the understanding of consciousness physiology and ... [more ▼]

PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To describe recent studies exploring brain function under the influence of hypnotic anesthetic agents, and their implications on the understanding of consciousness physiology and anesthesia-induced alteration of consciousness. RECENT FINDINGS: Cerebral cortex is the primary target of the hypnotic effect of anesthetic agents, and higher-order association areas are more sensitive to this effect than lower-order processing regions. Increasing concentration of anesthetic agents progressively attenuates connectivity in the consciousness networks, while connectivity in lower-order sensory and motor networks is preserved. Alteration of thalamic sub-cortical regulation could compromise the cortical integration of information despite preserved thalamic activation by external stimuli. At concentrations producing unresponsiveness, the activity of consciousness networks becomes anticorrelated with thalamic activity, while connectivity in lower-order sensory networks persists, although with cross-modal interaction alterations. SUMMARY: Accumulating evidence suggests that hypnotic anesthetic agents disrupt large-scale cerebral connectivity. This would result in an inability of the brain to generate and integrate information, while external sensory information is still processed at a lower order of complexity. [less ▲]

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See detailInfluence of antral follicle size on oocyte characteristics and embryo development in the bovine.
Lequarré, Anne-Sophie ULg; Vigneron, Celine; Ribaucour, Fabrice et al

in Theriogenology (2005), 63(3), 841-59

The developmental competence of bovine oocytes isolated from antral follicles of different sizes was assessed in three European laboratories (Belgium, UCL; Denmark, DIAS; France, INRA). Using the same ... [more ▼]

The developmental competence of bovine oocytes isolated from antral follicles of different sizes was assessed in three European laboratories (Belgium, UCL; Denmark, DIAS; France, INRA). Using the same protocol for in vitro production of embryos, the oocytes isolated from follicles with a diameter > or = 6 mm always gave a higher blastocyst rate than oocytes from follicles < 4 mm (UCL: 42% versus 14%, DIAS: 50% versus 35%, INRA: 39% versus 22%; P < 0.05). Blastocyst cell number was not affected by follicle size. Several parameters were investigated for these oocytes. The energy metabolism of cumulus-oocyte-complexes and of denuded oocytes was assessed by the oxygen and pyruvate uptake and by lactate release both at the beginning and the end of the maturation. No effect of follicle size could be detected but lactate release increased after maturation. The global profile of transcripts, the pattern of protein neosynthesis and the kinetics of meiosis resumption were not affected by follicle size. The developmental kinetics of derived embryos was also analysed. Whatever the follicle size, viable embryos had a shorter first and third embryonic cell cycle. Among the viable embryos, the size of the follicle interfered with the fourth cell cycle duration. A higher percentage of blastocysts issued from large follicle presented a short fourth cell cycle (9h) (35% versus 6%; P < 0.05). Beside, blastocysts derived from small follicles had a delayed cavitation and expansion. Thereby, a higher developmental competence for oocytes from follicle > or = 6 mm versus < 4 mm was demonstrated in three laboratories although no differences could be displayed directly at the oocyte level. [less ▲]

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