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See detailIschaemic Colitis Following Aortoiliac Surgery
VAN DAMME, Hendrik ULg; CREEMERS, Etienne ULg; Limet, Raymond ULg

in Acta Chirurgica Belgica (2000), 100(1), 21-7

Ischaemic colitis following aortoiliac surgery is a feared complication. Its frequency varies from 7% after repair of ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) to 0.6% after bypass for aortoiliac occlusive ... [more ▼]

Ischaemic colitis following aortoiliac surgery is a feared complication. Its frequency varies from 7% after repair of ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) to 0.6% after bypass for aortoiliac occlusive disease (AOD). In order to analyse predisposing factors and outcome of ischaemic colitis, the authors reviewed their clinical experience from 1988 to 1998. It concerns 28 cases (16 ruptured AAA, 7 elective AAA, 5 OAD) of clinically evident colonic ischaemia. This means an incidence of 7% after repair of ruptured AAA, 0.6% after elective AAA repair, and 0.8% after bypass for AOD. Transmural necrosis (grade 3) was observed in 21 patients, grade 2 ischaemia in 5 patients, and grade 1 ischaemia in 2 patients. Fifteen patients with grade 3 ischaemia underwent colectomy (Hartmann's procedure) with a mortality rate of 66%. All non operated grade 3 patients died. Overall, 16 of the 28 patients died at hospital (57% mortality rate). None of the patients with mild (grade 2 or 1) colonic ischaemia died. Profound hypovolaemic shock and inflammatory AAA were the only significant predisposing factors leading to colonic ischaemia. Associated colon revascularization could not avoid the evolution to colon necrosis in four patients. Reimplantation of a patent inferior mesenteric artery or an internal iliac artery was performed in only 4.8% of all aortoiliac reconstructions, and did not influence the development of ischaemic colitis. The authors conclude that a more liberal use of postoperative sigmoidoscopy could allow detecting colonic ischaemia at an earlier stage and reduce ensuing mortality. A reinforced effort to restore or preserve colonic vascularization could lower the incidence of colonic ischaemia following aortoiliac surgery. [less ▲]

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See detailIschaemic mitral regurgitation: mechanisms and diagnosis.
Marwick, Th; Lancellotti, Patrizio ULg; Pierard, Luc ULg

in Heart (2009), 95(20), 1711-8

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See detailIschaemic mitral regurgitation: pathophysiology, outcomes and the conundrum of treatment.
PIERARD, Luc ULg; Carabello, B. A.

in European Heart Journal (2010), 31

Ischaemic mitral regurgitation is a frequent complication of left ventricular global or regional pathological remodelling due to chronic coronary artery disease. It is not a valve disease but represents ... [more ▼]

Ischaemic mitral regurgitation is a frequent complication of left ventricular global or regional pathological remodelling due to chronic coronary artery disease. It is not a valve disease but represents the valvular consequences of increased tethering forces (papillary muscles displacement leading to a more apical position of the leaflets and their coaptation point) and reduced closing forces (reduced contractility, dyssynchrony of the papillary muscles, intra-left ventricular dyssynchrony). Although mitral regurgitation has an unloading effect and reduces impedance, the volume overload begets further left ventricular dilatation, increases ventricular wall stress leading to worsened performance. Ischaemic mitral regurgitation is characteristically dynamic: its severity may vary with haemodynamic conditions. Both the severity of ischaemic mitral regurgitation and its dynamic component worsen prognosis. There are numerous possible treatment modalities, but the management of the individual patient remains difficult. Medical therapy is mandatory; revascularization procedures are frequently not sufficient to reduce mitral regurgitation; the role of combined surgical therapy by mitral valve repair is not yet defined in the absence of large randomized trial. Some patients are good candidates for cardiac resynchronization therapy that may reduce the amount of regurgitation. New therapeutic targets are under investigation. [less ▲]

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See detailIschemic mitral regurgitation: A complex multifaceted disease
Magne, Julien ULg; Sénéchal, M.; Dumesnil, J. G. et al

in Cardiology (2009), 112(4), 244-259

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See detailIschemic mitral regurgitation: Not only a bystander
Unger, P.; Magne, Julien ULg; Dedobbeleer, C. et al

in Current Cardiology Reports (2012), 14(2), 180-189

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See detailL'ischemie aigue des membres: aspects cliniques, diagnostiques et therapeutiques
Van Damme, Hendrik ULg; Limet, Raymond ULg

in Revue Médicale de Liège (2005), 60(4), 247-54

Acute lower limb ischemia, with sudden interruption of tissue perfusion, is a medico-surgical emergency. An early diagnosis is a prerequisite for optimal management. Diagnosis is mainly based on clinical ... [more ▼]

Acute lower limb ischemia, with sudden interruption of tissue perfusion, is a medico-surgical emergency. An early diagnosis is a prerequisite for optimal management. Diagnosis is mainly based on clinical data. Complementary investigations have a limited place, and should not unnecessarily delay the treatment. There are two categories of acute arterial, non-traumatic occlusion: embolism and thrombosis of an atherosclerotic vessel. The distinction between these two entities is not always evident, since ischemia can be the consequence of an arterial embolism in a diseased atherosclerotic artery. We discuss the clinical aspects and the causes of acute lower limb ischemia. The prognosis, outcome and therapeutic management are determined by the cause of the acute arterial obliteration. [less ▲]

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See detailL'ischemie intestinale chronique et la revascularisation par pontage: a propos d'un cas
Marival, T.; Van Damme, Hendrik ULg; Limet, Raymond ULg

in Revue Médicale de Liège (2006), 61(2), 71-5

Intestinal angina is a rare affection with a high morbidity-mortality rate if not diagnosed. It is characterized by abdominal pain and postprandial vomiting, weight loss and anorexia. Arteriography allows ... [more ▼]

Intestinal angina is a rare affection with a high morbidity-mortality rate if not diagnosed. It is characterized by abdominal pain and postprandial vomiting, weight loss and anorexia. Arteriography allows confirmation of the diagnosis. The following case is a typical example of its clinical presentation and surgical treatment. Different techniques of revascularisation in case of a stenosis of the main digestive arteries are discussed. [less ▲]

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See detailISEIA, a Belgian non-native species assessment protocol
Branquart, Etienne; Verreyken, Hugo; Vanderhoeven, Sonia ULg et al

in Seghers; Branquart (Eds.) Science Facing Aliens Proceedings of a Scientific Meeting onInvasive Alien Species (2009)

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See detailIsis in Corinth: the numismatic evidence. City, image and religion
Veymiers, Richard ULg; Bricault, Laurent

in Bricault, Laurent; Versluys, Miguel John (Eds.) Nile into Tiber. Egypt in the Roman World. Proceedings of the IIIrd International Conference of Isis studies, Leiden, May 11-14 2005 (2007)

About the Isiac types (Isis standing ; Isis sailing ; Sarapis seated ; Harbor of Kenchreai) in the Corinthian coinage.

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See detailIslam & Europe. Crises are challenges
Carlier, Jean-Yves ULg; Foblets, Marie-Claire

Book published by Presses universitaires de Louvain (2010)

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See detailIslamic design in the Western world and Western design in Islamic world.
Attia, Shady ULg; Wierina, Harro

in Research paper submitted to Design Theory Course, Wageningen University, 2005 (2005)

This article discusses the influence of the Islamic design in the Western world and vice versa, western design in the Islamic world. Landscape Design in the Middle East is a little-documented subject ... [more ▼]

This article discusses the influence of the Islamic design in the Western world and vice versa, western design in the Islamic world. Landscape Design in the Middle East is a little-documented subject. Until relatively recently conventional academic research had been conducted largely from an ‘Orientalist’ perspective. It is only today that discussion of Islam and architecture are starting to acknowledge the true diversity and complexities of Islamic societies. Since the beginning of 20th century the architecture in the Middle East has hesitated between the widespread adoption of imported inappropriate building systems, in the means of environment and culture, and self-conscious parody of an ‘Islamic style’. With growing global anxiety over control of oil resources in the Middle East and the conflicts in Iraq, Iran and Afghanistan, what, however, happens next? [less ▲]

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See detailIslamic food practices in migration context. An ethnography among Moroccan women in Milan
Mescoli, Elsa ULg

Scientific conference (2013, November 27)

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See detailIslamic food practices in migration context. An ethnography among Moroccan women in Milan.
Mescoli, Elsa ULg

in Toguslu, Erkan; Leman, Johan; Ozdemir, Saliha (Eds.) Everyday Life Practices of Muslims in Europe: Consumption and Aesthetics. (2013, November 28)

My study focuses on the culinary practices of Moroccan women living in Milan hinterland in Italy. By adopting a praxeological approach (Warnier 2001), I study female subjectivation processes realized ... [more ▼]

My study focuses on the culinary practices of Moroccan women living in Milan hinterland in Italy. By adopting a praxeological approach (Warnier 2001), I study female subjectivation processes realized through food. My attention is given to (micro)practices (De Certeau 1980, Foucault in Martin 1993, Mahmood 2005, Mauss 1936) performed daily, by means of which the women considered shape their self and affirm their religious belonging in private and in public contexts. Islamic normativity concerning food issues is at matter here, thus being analyzed in its multifaceted complexity. As a matter of fact, the actors involved need to face the constraints imposed by the migration context while trying to comply with religious rules, in their turns intertwined with remembered embodied practices. This implies some negotiations to be made, in particular concerning a different articulation of time, but also the mobilization of tactics and strategies (De Certeau 1980) to guarantee a reassuring proper self-definition. In the private space, food practices keep on being influenced not only by the Islamic dietary prescriptions affirming what is not possible to eat, but also by the indications stressing what to eat – and eventually when and how to prepare it. A private consumption, reflecting a specific belief, materially informs a spiritual definition of the self. Furthermore, such dynamics go out the domestic context and perform in the public space. Everyday practices, and in particular those related to food, let an expression of Muslim migrants’ identity be realized in overdetermined backgrounds such as that which is under study. As a matter of fact, by preparing and sharing food, Moroccan women participate to local events - and consequently to the city social life - and thus they are allowed to affirm in public their religious belonging and some related claims. The so called “ethnic food” is protagonist of numerous intercultural events, aimed at letting an encounter with religious diversity take place in the perspective of a culture to taste. In those occasions, once a relationship is set up, other important issues can be approached, such as that of the freedom to practice religion. My presentation will try to highlight such complex dynamics, stressing on the materiality of religious subjectivation. Photos and videos recording everyday practices and objects will be used to visually support the reflections presented. De Certeau, Michel (1980). L’invention du quotidien. Tome I. Arts de faire. Paris: Gallimard. Mahmood, Saba (2005). Politics of piety: the Islamic revival and the feminist subject, Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press. Martin, Luther H.; Gutman, Huck e Hutton, Patrick H. (eds.) (1992). Tecnologie del sé. Un seminario con Michel Foucault, Torino: Bollati Boringhieri. Mauss, Marcel (1936). Les techniques du corps, in Journal de Psychologie, XXXII, ne, 3-4, 15 mars - 15 avril. Warnier Jean-Pierre (2001). A praxeological approach to subjectivation in a material world, in Journal of Material Culture, Vol. 6(1): 5–24. [less ▲]

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See detailIslamic religion and food practices in migration context: negotiating belonging and performing subjectivities
Mescoli, Elsa ULg

Scientific conference (2014, June 17)

My paper focuses on the ethnographic material collected during a doctoral research around the culinary practices of Moroccan women living in the city of Sesto San Giovanni (in Milan hinterland, Italy). In ... [more ▼]

My paper focuses on the ethnographic material collected during a doctoral research around the culinary practices of Moroccan women living in the city of Sesto San Giovanni (in Milan hinterland, Italy). In particular, adopting a praxeological approach to subjectivation (Warnier 2001), I will highlight those aspects of the materiality that I studied which recall the belonging of the considered women to Islamic religion. In fact, everyday food consumption (or that related to specific events) and the very same preparation of recipes, are influenced not only by the prescriptions concerning licit and illicit food, but also by the suggestions regarding food which are appropriate to eat. On the one hand, Islamic norms prohibit some food to believers, such as certain meats because of the animal species or the category of victims (Benkheira 1997) to which they belong. Nevertheless, Muslim women behaviours concerning meat consumption are various, such as those of my informants, who in some cases demonstrate to negotiate such norms in order to materially shape a specific self interacting with different collective belongings. On the other hand, some Quranic verses and some sayings of the prophet Muhammad, define a soul food (Rouse and Hoskin 2004), by suggesting to believers what to eat to perform their piety: the preparation and the consumption of some food – and not only the abstention from it – finds in fact religious reasons. In order to follow such suggestions, in a context where Islamic religion is not the majority one, women has to deal with local rules while performing the materiality of some rituals. Religion and traditions intertwine and they shape specific knowledge and savoir-faire which are negotiated by the women considered so as to affirm their various belongings and to face the constraints which the new lived context imposes to them. Such constraints oblige a form of reflexivity on religious norms and rites (Højbjerg 2002), in order to define a limit beyond which modifications are perceived as subtractions of sense (Dore 2001). In my paper, I will try to give some ethnographic examples of these forms of reflexivity and to show how these dynamics constitute the materiality upon which and with which the women considered define their subjectivity. To support my reflexions, I will use visual materials such as photos and videos, which will witness the material density of these facts. [less ▲]

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See detailIslands are not sinks of biodiversity in spore-producing plants
Hutsemekers, Virginie ULg; Shaw, A. J.; Szvovenyi, P. et al

in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America (2011), 108

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See detailIslands as reference stations for environmental studies: the case of Calvi Bay in Corsica
Abadie, Arnaud ULg; Gobert, Sylvie ULg; Lejeune, Pierre

Conference (2014, July 05)

Islands are subject to human activities and their impacts on land and marine ecosystems. They are also often isolated from some of the continental influences but on the other hand different kind of human ... [more ▼]

Islands are subject to human activities and their impacts on land and marine ecosystems. They are also often isolated from some of the continental influences but on the other hand different kind of human activities can be concentrated in small areas. These characteristics make possible the management of many programs that use whole islands, or some of their parts, as a reference station for environmental studies. From this perspective, the program STARE-CAPMED has begun in 2012 at STARESO, an oceanographic research station established at Calvi Bay (Corsica) since the early 70’s. It aims to create a reference station for the study of emerging local and global anthropogenic impacts on marine pristine ecosystems. Several universities are involved in this project and provide their expertise in various fields of marine sciences. This program provides a precise view of the environmental processes that occur, which are strongly linked with economic and cultural issues. [less ▲]

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