How democracies deal with disasters. A comparison between the 3.11 disaster in Japan and the Katrina disaster in the U.S
Conference (2013, January 31)Detailed reference viewed: 23 (3 ULg)
How did endemic cyprinids and exotic european catfish move in a large river ecosystem?
; ; Ovidio, Michaël
Conference (2013, October 03)Detailed reference viewed: 27 (2 ULg)
How do auditory verbal hallucinations in patients differ from those in nonpatients?
in Frontiers in Human Neuroscience (2012), 6Detailed reference viewed: 23 (2 ULg)
How do climate warming and plant species richness affect water use in experimental grasslands?
; ; et al
in Plant and Soil (2006), 288
Climate warming and plant species richness loss have been the subject of numerous experiments, but studies on their combined impact are lacking. Here we studied how both warming and species richness loss ... [more ▼]
Climate warming and plant species richness loss have been the subject of numerous experiments, but studies on their combined impact are lacking. Here we studied how both warming and species richness loss affect water use in grasslands, while identifying interactions between these global changes. Experimental ecosystems containing one, three or nine grassland species from three functional groups were grown in 12 sunlit, climate-controlled chambers (2.25 m(2) ground area) in Wilrijk, Belgium. Half of these chambers were exposed to ambient air temperatures (unheated), while the other half were warmed by 3 degrees C (heated). Equal amounts of water were added to heated and unheated communities, so that warming would imply drier soils if evapotranspiration (ET) was higher. After an initial ET increase in response to warming, stomatal regulation and lower above-ground productivity resulted in ET values comparable with those recorded in the unheated communities. As a result of the decreased biomass production, water use efficiency (WUE) was reduced by warming. Higher complementarity and the improved competitive success of water-efficient species in mixtures led to an increased WUE in multi-species communities as compared to monocultures, regardless of the induced warming. However, since the WUE of individual species was affected in different ways by higher temperatures, compositional changes in mixtures seem likely under climatic change due to shifts in competitiveness. In conclusion, while increased complementarity and selection of water-efficient species ensured more efficient water use in mixtures than monocultures, global warming will likely decrease this WUE, and this may be most pronounced in species-rich communities. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 63 (5 ULg)
How do climate warming, plant species richness and plant functional group affect ammonia oxidizing bacteria diversity and function in experimental grasslands?
Malchair, Sandrine ; Carnol, Monique
Poster (2011, June 27)
How do climate warming, plant species richness and plant functional group affect ammonia oxidizing bacteria diversity and function in experimental grasslands? Malchair S. and Carnol M. Laboratory of Plant ... [more ▼]
How do climate warming, plant species richness and plant functional group affect ammonia oxidizing bacteria diversity and function in experimental grasslands? Malchair S. and Carnol M. Laboratory of Plant and Microbial Ecology Department of Sciences and Environmental Management University of Liege, Belgium Background: There is increasing evidence of diversity-function relationship and impact of warming for aboveground vegetation. Belowground effects of warming and plant species richness remain however largely unknown, although bacteria regulate many soil processes and some groups, like ammonia oxidizing bacteria (AOB) were, have been suggested highly sensitive to environmental stress. Objectives: 1. Investigation of the response of AOB richness, community composition and function to warming, plant species richness and functional group 2. Exploration of the AOB richness-function link Methods: Soil samples were taken at 2 depths from grassland model ecosystems with different species richness levels (1, 3, 9) and temperature treatments (ambient, ambient+3°C). Selected species belonged to 3 plant functional groups: forbs, legumes and grasses. AOB function: potential nitrification assay (shaken soil slurry method) AOB diversity: polymerase chain reaction followed by denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis (PCR-DGGE) Results: 1. All retrieved AOB sequences were Nitrosospira-like ones 2. Warming had no effect on AOB richness and function 3. Higher plant species richness leads to increased AOB richness and modified community structure. AOB function was increased only at lower depth under warming 4. No difference in AOB richness between the plant functional groups 5. AOB community structure was different and AOB function higher under legumes. 6. The AOB richness-function link was negative under legumes. Conclusions: 1. Plant species influenced AOB richness and community composition. Plant functional group seems to be more important that species richness. 2. Legumes may impact AOB diversity and function through ammonia availability. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 53 (4 ULg)
How do CSR Standards Affect Stakeholder Management? An Integrative Framework Grounded in Pratice
El Abboubi, Manal ; Cornet, Annie
Conference (2010)Detailed reference viewed: 50 (8 ULg)
How do cumulative live birth rates and cumulative multiple live birth rates over complete courses of assisted reproductive technology treatment per woman compare among registries?
; ; et al
in Human Reproduction (2015)Detailed reference viewed: 6 (1 ULg)
How do education systems care of low engaged readers ? Institutional and socioeconomic factors influencing the reading engagement
Baye, Ariane ; Monseur, Christian ; Lafontaine, Dominique
Conference (2009, September)Detailed reference viewed: 10 (2 ULg)
How do Foreigners and Immigrants in Belgium View the Legal System ?
Martiniello, Marco ; ; et al
in Journal of Immigration, Asylum and Nationality Law (2007), 21(4), 263-283Detailed reference viewed: 69 (5 ULg)
How do harpacticoid copepods colonize detrital seagrass leaves?
Mascart, Thibaud ; ; Lepoint, Gilles et al
in Marine Biology (2015), 162(5), 929-943
An experiment was carried out investigating the colonization ability and specific pattern of copepods towards a provisional benthic habitat. Since copepods are known to disperse passively and actively ... [more ▼]
An experiment was carried out investigating the colonization ability and specific pattern of copepods towards a provisional benthic habitat. Since copepods are known to disperse passively and actively, the experiment aimed to investigate the pool of colonizers of macrophytodetritus and the species-specific active colonization pathways. The experiment was performed in a Mediterranean seagrass Posidonia oceanica meadow on defaunated macrophytodetritus accumulations (mainly dead seagrass leaves) for two time intervals (24 h and 96 h). Active colonization by copepods, independently of their adjacent potential source pool habitat (bare sandy sediments, P. oceanica canopy, water column and macrophytodetritus) occurred within 24 h. Natural densities (as in the control treatments) were only reached by active colonization through the water column. Both neither diversities nor species composition of natural macrophytodetritus were ever reached by one single migratory pathway, therefore only a combination of interstitial migration and water column migration can explain the species occurrence under natural condition. Moreover, every potential adjacent source pool habitat, contributed species to the newly colonized macrophytodetritus. However, the main colonizers were mostly species with good swimming capabilities. The diverse pool of species present in the newly colonized macrophytodetritus underlines the complex communities and dispersion capabilities of copepods. Hence, macrophytodetritus possesses the potential ability to be a colonizer source pool for every adjacent habitat and thus behaves as a copepod hub for the entire seagrass ecosystem. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 33 (8 ULg)
How do ice sheets impact on climate sensitivity and ocean meridional overturning circulation?
; ; et al
Poster (2008, April 17)Detailed reference viewed: 14 (0 ULg)
How Do Information and Experience Play a Role in the Discovery of Entrepreneurial Opportunities? The Case of Latin-American Immigrants in Barcelona
Aliaga Isla, Rocio
in Latin American Business Review (2012)
This study contributes to expand the knowledge available on immigrant entrepreneurship. Consistent with the notion of entrepreneurship as a process, a qualitative explora- tion of information and ... [more ▼]
This study contributes to expand the knowledge available on immigrant entrepreneurship. Consistent with the notion of entrepreneurship as a process, a qualitative explora- tion of information and experiences acquired by immigrants in the catering sector was performed to ascertain their role in dis- covering entrepreneurial opportunities. Our sample consisted of four cases of Latin American immigrants. The findings showed that the discovery process is based on the interrelation estab- lished between information per se and the experiences acquired throughout the migration periods. The knowledge acquired in their home country constituted the bases for our study, while that acquired in the host country is supplementary as it fine-tunes, expands, and influences the discovery process. Furthermore, findings revealed that immigrants trust information coming from their social environment and consider it sufficient to take a decision to set up a business. Finally, this study suggests further lines of inquiry. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 3 (0 ULg)
How do ladybirds and syrphids respond to aphids in the field?
; Doucet, Jean-Louis ;
in Bulletin OILB/SROP = IOBC/WPRS Bulletin (1994), 17(4),Detailed reference viewed: 21 (2 ULg)
How do music experts and non-experts evaluate the vocal accuracy of operatic singing voices?
Larrouy, Pauline ; ; Morsomme, Dominique
Conference (2013, August 22)
Professional singers are expected to sing in tune. However, when an operatic singing technique is employed, the objective measurement of the vocal accuracy (i.e. pitch interval deviation) shows ... [more ▼]
Professional singers are expected to sing in tune. However, when an operatic singing technique is employed, the objective measurement of the vocal accuracy (i.e. pitch interval deviation) shows particularly low scores, whatever the melody performed. This study focuses on the perceptual judgment of operatic voices in order to observe the evaluation process of singing voice accuracy by music experts and non-experts. In addition, this study aims to better understand the relationship between the subjective and objective measurements of operatic singing voices. 22 music experts and 22 non-experts paired in age and gender participated in a test and a retest (8 to 15 days in between). Fourteen sung performances performed by professional operatic singers were presented with a pairwise comparison paradigm. The participants were asked to indicate the most “in tune” melody for each pair (N = 91). The performances obtained thus a ranking by each judge. In addition, the 14 sung performances were objectively analyzed in order to confront the objective measurement of singing voice accuracy with the perceptual rating of the judges. Computing the variances of rank differences between the test and the retest, we observed that 20 music experts and 16 non-experts were consistent in their judgments. Among each group, the correlations between consistent raters were positive. However, 67.38% of these correlations were significant (p < .05) for the music experts whereas only 42.10% were significant for the non-experts. In addition, no relationship occurred between the objective measurements (from 9.5 to 115.5 cents, M = 40.57, SD = 34.42) and the perceptual ratings, except for two music experts. This study highlights the consistency of a judge when rating operatic singing voices and the difference between music experts and non-experts concerning the inter-judges reliability. Despite the fact that the majority of the music experts used similar strategies to evaluate the vocal accuracy of operatic voices, their judgment was obviously not linked with the objective measurement of vocal accuracy. This finding supports the tolerance of music expert listeners regarding the singing voice accuracy of operatic singers. Furthermore, this study provides some directions about the perception of operatic singing voices, which are particularly complex. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 68 (6 ULg)
How do paedomorphic newts cope with lake drying?
in Ecography (2003), 26(4), 405-410
Paedomorphosis, in which adult individuals retain larval traits, is widespread in newts and salamanders. Most evolutionary models predict the maintenance of this life-history trait in favourable aquatic ... [more ▼]
Paedomorphosis, in which adult individuals retain larval traits, is widespread in newts and salamanders. Most evolutionary models predict the maintenance of this life-history trait in favourable aquatic habitats surrounded by hostile terrestrial environments. Nevertheless, numerous ponds inhabited by paedomorphic individuals are unpredictable and temporary. In an experimental framework, I showed that paedomorphic newts were able to metamorphose and thus survive in the absence of water. However, the mere decrease of water level or the life space do not seem to induce metamorphosis in paedomorphs. On the contrary, drying up induces almost all individuals to move on land and after that to colonize other aquatic sites located nearby. Such terrestrial migrations allow survival in drying conditions without metamorphosis as long as the distances of terrestrial migration are short. These results are consistent with the presence of paedomorphs in drying ponds and are in favor of classic optimality models predicting metamorphosis in unfavorable environments. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 143 (10 ULg)
How Do Performance Measures Perform
in Journal of Portfolio Management (2007), 33(4), 64-74
The article presents a discussion on how various performance measures actually perform when used in investment portfolio management. The author discusses the empirical quality of performance measures such ... [more ▼]
The article presents a discussion on how various performance measures actually perform when used in investment portfolio management. The author discusses the empirical quality of performance measures such as information ratio (IR), focusing on directional managed portfolios, the Treynor ratio, and an empirical methodology that allows many of the usual errors associated with ratios to be avoided. The author also discusses multi-index models, style-based mutual funds, and style-adjusted performance. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 44 (9 ULg)