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See detailIntrafollicular LH administration in dairy heifers treated with a GnRH agonist
Mala, J; Beckers, Jean-François ULg; Melo de Sousa, Noelita ULg et al

in Veterinarni Medicina (2013), 58(2), 8186

The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of intrafollicular treatment (IFT) with different doses of luteinising hormone. Experimental heifers were treated with a single deslorelin implant to ... [more ▼]

The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of intrafollicular treatment (IFT) with different doses of luteinising hormone. Experimental heifers were treated with a single deslorelin implant to desensitise gonadotroph cells of the pituitary gland. Thereafter, follicular development was stimulated by exogenous FSH treatment. Intrafollicular treatment with 10, 5, 1 and 0.01 μg LH was performed on one single follicle while other follicles remained untreated. Human chorionic gonadotrophine (2000 UI) was administered intravenously as a control. Ovulation and development of the corpus luteum occurred after all intrafollicular treatments with 10 and 5 μg LH. After IFT using 1 μg of LH 75% animals (3/4) ovulated. The dose of 0.01 μg was not followed by any ovulation whereas control treatments with hCG were followed by an ovulation of the majority of follicles present in the ovaries. In conclusion, IFT with different doses of LH (greater than 0.01 μg) is capable of inducing ovulation. [less ▲]

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See detailIntragrain pinning strength depth dependence of 2223-(Bi,Pb)-based high critical Tc ceramics made by a vitreous route
Dang, An; Godelaine, P. A.; Vanderbemden, Philippe ULg et al

in Journal of Applied Physics (1995), 77(7), 3560-3562

Campbell's method for measuring the critical current in superconductors has been used to obtain the critical current density and the pinning strength in Bi1.7Pb0.3Sr2Ca2Cu3O10−y ceramics synthesized by a ... [more ▼]

Campbell's method for measuring the critical current in superconductors has been used to obtain the critical current density and the pinning strength in Bi1.7Pb0.3Sr2Ca2Cu3O10−y ceramics synthesized by a vitreous route. The intragrain critical current is much higher than 10^5 A/cm2 at 40 K in zero dc magnetic field. A large increase of the pinning strength is observed near the grain surface. The decrease with depth is hyperbolic. The role of the precursors in the synthesis route is emphasized for introducing specific pinning centers. The analysis takes into consideration the ceramics granular nature, i.e., the existence of intergrain and intragrain currents. ©1995 American Institute of Physics. [less ▲]

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See detailIntragranular and intergranular behaviour of multifilamentary Bi-2223/Ag tapes
Fagnard, Jean-François ULg; Vanderbemden, Philippe ULg; Crate, David et al

in Physica C: Superconductivity (2002), 372(Part 2), 970-973

This communication aims at reporting the superconducting properties of Bi-2223/Ag tapes determined by using various measuring techniques. First. the original samples have been characterized by electrical ... [more ▼]

This communication aims at reporting the superconducting properties of Bi-2223/Ag tapes determined by using various measuring techniques. First. the original samples have been characterized by electrical resistance, AC susceptibility. and DC magnetization. The transport (intergranular) critical Current vs. magnetic field was also determined at T = 77 K using pulsed currents up to 40 A. Next. the same combination of experiments as performed oil bent tapes in order to bring out relevant information concerning the strength of the intergranular coupling. The results show that intergranular and intragranular currents differ by at least one order of magnitude, Finally, additional magnetic measurements were carried out in order to determine the anisotropy ratio Jc(ab)/Jc(c), which was found to lie around 30. (C) 2002 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved. [less ▲]

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See detailIntragranular and intergranular superconducting properties of bulk melt-textured YBCO
Vanderbemden, Philippe ULg; Cloots, Rudi ULg; Ausloos, Marcel ULg et al

in IEEE Transactions on Applied Superconductivity (1999), 9(2), 2308-2311

We have investigated the superconducting properties of bulk melt-processed YBCO using different experimental techniques. First, single domain materials (i.e. containing no grain boundaries) have been ... [more ▼]

We have investigated the superconducting properties of bulk melt-processed YBCO using different experimental techniques. First, single domain materials (i.e. containing no grain boundaries) have been studied. Electrical resistivity, current-voltage characteristics, M-H loops, and A,C. susceptibility. have been measured for different field and current directions. The intragranular properties are characteristic of high-quality melt-processed YBCO material,,vith a critical current density J(c)(T=77K, B=1T//c) > 10(4) A/cm(2). The anisotropy ratio J(c)(ab)/ J(c)(c) is found to be close to 3. Both magnetic and transport measurements show that defects in the microstructure do not significantly impede the current flow inside the single domain. These results were compared to those measured on samples containing one "natural" single grain boundary which sometimes appears during the grain growth process. The intergranular properties show a much stronger current and magnetic field dependence than that measured within the grain and these differences are discussed. [less ▲]

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See detailIntraguild interactions implicating invasive species: Harmonia axyridis as a model species
Alhmedi, Ammar; Haubruge, Eric ULg; Francis, Frédéric ULg

in Biotechnologie, Agronomie, Société et Environnement = Biotechnology, Agronomy, Society and Environment [=BASE] (2010), 14

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See detailIntraguild interactions of aphidophagous predators in fields: effect of Coccinella septempunctata and Episyrphus balteatus occurrence on aphid infested plants.
Alhmedi, Ammar; Francis, Frédéric ULg; Bodson, Bernard ULg et al

in Communications in Agricultural and Applied Biological Sciences (2007), 72(3), 381-90

Intraguild relations between beneficial insects have become a major research topic in biological pest control. In order to understand the intraguild competitions between aphidophagous populations in ... [more ▼]

Intraguild relations between beneficial insects have become a major research topic in biological pest control. In order to understand the intraguild competitions between aphidophagous populations in natural conditions, a field experiment was carried out in the experimental farm of the Gembloux Agricultural University. As biological control of pests involve a community of diverse natural enemies, this experiment firstly aimed to assess the aphidophagous predator diversity and abundance in green pea (Pisum sativum) field and secondly to investigate the impact of the large natural occurrence of C. septempunctata on the aphidophagous beneficial dispersion and efficiency as aphid biological control agents in pea field. Visual observations were weekly performed throughout the 2006 growing season. The pea aphids were attacked by several predatory groups, mainly ladybird beetles and hoverflies. Higher densities of ladybirds and hoverflies were recorded in the beginning of July, associated with an aphid occurrence peak. Using net cage system in the field, the particular intraguild relations between added C. septempunctata or E. balteatus and the natural beneficial arrivals and dispersion were observed. The E. batteatus (eggs and larvae) presence inhibited other aphidophagous predators presence on the aphid infested plants. Lower abundance of E. balteatus was observed on aphid infested plants already colonised by C. septempunctata. To explore more accurately the oviposition and predation behaviours of ladybirds and hoverflies and to determine the chemical factors that could influence these behaviours, current researches are performed in laboratory and will be discussed to promote efficient biological control of aphids by natural enemies. [less ▲]

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See detailIntrahepatic synthesis of tumor necrosis factor-alpha related to cardiac surgery is inhibited by interleukin-10 via the Janus kinase (Jak)/signal transducers and activator of transcription (STAT) pathway.
Qing, Ma; Nimmesgern, Ariane; Heinrich, Peter C et al

in Critical Care Medicine (2003), 31(12), 2769-75

SUMMARY: OBJECTIVES To identify the signaling pathways involved in the anti-inflammatory shift of the cytokine balance due to hypothermia during cardiopulmonary bypass. DESIGN Experimental animal study ... [more ▼]

SUMMARY: OBJECTIVES To identify the signaling pathways involved in the anti-inflammatory shift of the cytokine balance due to hypothermia during cardiopulmonary bypass. DESIGN Experimental animal study. SETTING Department of experimental surgery of a university hospital. SUBJECTS Young pigs. INTERVENTIONS Animals underwent normothermic (37 degrees C) or hypothermic (28 degrees C) cardiopulmonary bypass (n = 6 each). Samples of liver tissue were taken before and 6 hrs after cardiopulmonary bypass. MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS Intrahepatic expression of tumor necrosis factor-alpha, interleukin-10, inducible nitric oxide synthase, and suppressor of cytokine signaling-3 was detected by reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction and/or Western blotting. Concentrations of the inhibitory protein of nuclear factor-kappaB, IkappaB, and of the signal transducer and activator of transcription (STAT)-3 were measured by Western blotting. The DNA-binding activity of nuclear factor-kappaB and STAT-3 was assessed by electrophoretic mobility shift and supershift assays. Liver cell necrosis and apoptosis were assessed by histology and terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase-mediated dUTP nick end-labeling assay, respectively. Pigs operated on in hypothermia showed significantly higher intrahepatic concentrations of interleukin-10 and lower concentrations of tumor necrosis factor-alpha than the others. They also showed a lower percentage of hepatic cell necrosis but not of apoptosis. This anti-inflammatory reaction observed in the hypothermic group was associated with a higher expression of suppressor of cytokine signaling-3 and with increased activation of STAT-3. Activation of nuclear factor-kappaB and expression of inducible nitric oxide synthase, however, were not significantly different between both groups. CONCLUSION Our results show that hypothermia during cardiopulmonary bypass up-regulates interleukin-10 via STAT-3 activation, which in turn leads to the attenuation of tumor necrosis factor-alpha expression and to hepatic protection. [less ▲]

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See detailIntraluminal Duodenal Diverticulum Associated with Heterotopic Pancreatic Tissue: Case Report and Literature Review
Defraigne, Jean-Olivier ULg; Dubois, J.

in Acta Chirurgica Belgica (1988), 88(6, Nov-Dec), 388-91

A case of intraluminal duodenal diverticulum (IDD) in a young man with chronic abdominal pain is reported. Diagnosis was done by a barium meal. Surgical excision was performed. Associated ectopic ... [more ▼]

A case of intraluminal duodenal diverticulum (IDD) in a young man with chronic abdominal pain is reported. Diagnosis was done by a barium meal. Surgical excision was performed. Associated ectopic pancreatic tissue was found at operation. IDD is of congenital origin and it coexists with other anatomical abnormalities in 40%. Complications include chronic abdominal pain, duodenal obstruction, gastrointestinal bleeding, pancreatitis. Endoscopic resection is feasible, but surgical resection is safest. Peroperative localization of the papilla of Vater is mandatory to avoid its injury during resection of the mucosal attaches of the IDD. [less ▲]

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See detailIntramedullary spinal cord cavernous angioma in children: case report and literature review
Noudel, R; Litré, Claude Fabien ULg; Vinchon, M et al

in Child's Nervous System (2008), 2(5), 331-8

Introduction Intramedullary cavernous angiomas (ImCA) of the spinal cord are very uncommon malformations especially in the pediatric population where only ten cases have yet been reported within the ... [more ▼]

Introduction Intramedullary cavernous angiomas (ImCA) of the spinal cord are very uncommon malformations especially in the pediatric population where only ten cases have yet been reported within the available literature. Case report In this paper, the authors report the case of a 12- year-old girl presenting with a T11 level hematomyelia because of a cavernous angioma. Microsurgical excision was performed with good clinical outcome and no magnetic resonance imaging evidence of residual cavernoma 30months later. Discussion Despite the small number of cases reported in children, this one contributes to the literature identifying special features of presentation and management of ImCA for pediatric patients. Because a higher risk of recurrent bleeding has been demonstrated for ImCA, with dramatic clinical consequences, microsurgical removal remains the only definitive treatment. [less ▲]

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See detailIntramolecular dynamics by photoelectron spectroscopy. II. Nonadiabatic processes.
Dehareng, Dominique ULg; Leyh, Bernard ULg; Desouter-Lecomte, Michèle ULg et al

in Journal of Chemical Physics (1983), 79(8), 3719-3724

The Fourier transform of an electronic spectrum leads to an autocorrelation function which provides information on the propagation of the wave packet on the potential energy surface of the electronic ... [more ▼]

The Fourier transform of an electronic spectrum leads to an autocorrelation function which provides information on the propagation of the wave packet on the potential energy surface of the electronic state reached in the transition. The formula is valid even when nonadiabatic interaction is present, i.e., when the wave packet splits at a particular surface crossing with one part branching off to another potential energy surface. An explicit expression of the correlation function is given for a model of several discrete states interacting with a continuum. Closed-form solutions are given in the case of one and two resonances. A very simple formula valid in the strong coupling limit is also derived. The method is applied to the photoelectron spectrum of state A 2Sigma+ of HBr+, which is shown to correspond to the strong couplig case. [less ▲]

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See detailIntramolecular dynamics by photoelectron spectroscopy. III.Predissociation of the B 2B2 state of H2O+ and D2O+ by a semiclassical approach
Dehareng, Dominique ULg

in Chemical Physics (1986), 110

The initial wave packets and H2O+ and D2O+ in their B 2B2 /2A' states are expanded in the frozen gaussian basis set proposed by Heller. The gaussian functions are propagated on the adiabatic and diabatic ... [more ▼]

The initial wave packets and H2O+ and D2O+ in their B 2B2 /2A' states are expanded in the frozen gaussian basis set proposed by Heller. The gaussian functions are propagated on the adiabatic and diabatic potential energy surfaces resulting from the conical intersection with the A 2A1/2A' states. Autocorrelation functions are calculated separately for the adiabatic and the diabatic motions of the nuclei. These autocorrelation functions are compared with their experimental counterparts. The agreement is qualitatively good and the isotope effects are well accounted for. [less ▲]

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See detailIntramolecular Dynamics of Molecular Ions.
Lorquet, Jean-Claude ULg; Lorquet, Andrée ULg; Dehareng, Dominique ULg et al

in Bulletin de la Société Chimique Belge (1983), 92(6/7), 609-611

The Fourier transform of an electronic spectrum gives a direct dynamic information on the nuclear motion of a wavepacket on the potential energy surface of the final state reached in the electronic ... [more ▼]

The Fourier transform of an electronic spectrum gives a direct dynamic information on the nuclear motion of a wavepacket on the potential energy surface of the final state reached in the electronic transition, at least during the first few molecular vibrations. The method is valid for both adiabatic and non-adiabatic situations. It has proved its usefulness in the study of molecular processes such as Duchinsky effect, fast predissociations and internal conversions. [less ▲]

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See detailIntramolecular excited-state processes of a halato-telechelic polymer, evaluated by global compartmental analysis of the fluorescence decay surface with the use of model coumpounds
van Stam, Jan; De Schryver, Frans C; Boens, Noël et al

in Macromolecules (1997), 30(19), 5582-5590

The excited-state processes of the halato-telechelic polymer bis[(N,N-dimethyl-N-[3-(1-pyrenyl)propyl]ammonio)trifluoromethanesulfonate]-end-capped poly(tetrahydrofuran) at low concentrations are ... [more ▼]

The excited-state processes of the halato-telechelic polymer bis[(N,N-dimethyl-N-[3-(1-pyrenyl)propyl]ammonio)trifluoromethanesulfonate]-end-capped poly(tetrahydrofuran) at low concentrations are investigated by time-resolved fluorescence. The photophysical processes can be described by an intramolecular three-state excited-state model. Such a system is not identifiable in the absence of a priori information. It is possible to perform a global compartmental analysis of the fluorescence decay surface using the scanning technique, based on model compound data previously obtained [Hermans et al., J. Phys. Chem. 1994, 98, 13583 and Hermans et al. Macromolecules 1995, 28, 3380]. The value boundaries on the rate constant for ring closure of the chain ends show that this process is close to diffusion-controlled. [less ▲]

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See detailIntramyocardial synthesis of pro- and anti-inflammatory cytokines in infants with congenital cardiac defects.
Qing, Ma; Schumacher, Kathrin; Heise, Ruth et al

in Journal of the American College of Cardiology (2003), 41(12), 2266-74

OBJECTIVES: We sought to test the hypothesis that cytokines would be expressed in the myocardium of infants with congenital cardiac defects and to identify the signaling pathways involved. BACKGROUND ... [more ▼]

OBJECTIVES: We sought to test the hypothesis that cytokines would be expressed in the myocardium of infants with congenital cardiac defects and to identify the signaling pathways involved. BACKGROUND: Mechanical stress upregulates pro-inflammatory cytokines in the myocardium. METHODS: Fifteen infants with tetralogy of Fallot (TOF) (n = 7) or with ventricular septal defects (VSDs) (n = 8) were investigated. Concentrations of pro- and anti-inflammatory cytokines and of the inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay and/or Western blotting in the right ventricular myocardium taken during cardiac surgery. Activation of the nuclear factor-kappa-B (NF-kappa-B) and p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) pathways was assessed by electrophoretic mobility shift assay with supershift and/or Western blotting, respectively. RESULTS: The pro-inflammatory cytokines tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha, interleukin (IL)-1-beta, and IL-6 and the anti-inflammatory cytokine IL-10 were detected in the myocardium of all patients. Concentrations of the pro-inflammatory cytokines and also of phosphorylated p38 MAPK were higher in patients with TOF than in those with VSD and correlated with the degree of pressure overload of the right ventricle. Levels of phosphorylated I-kappa-B-alpha, iNOS, and IL-10 were similar in patients with TOF and in those with VSD. CONCLUSIONS: Our results show intramyocardial synthesis of pro-inflammatory cytokines in infants with congenital cardiac defects. This is associated with activation of both the NF-kappa-B and p38 MAPK pathways. The latter could be particularly important for the transduction of mechanical signals in the infant's myocardium. Synthesis of IL-10 indicates an intramyocardial anti-inflammatory potential in this age group. [less ▲]

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See detailIntranasal infusion of enilconazole for treatment of sinonasal aspergillosis in dogs.
Zonderland, Jean-Luc; Stork, Christoph; Saunders, Jimmy et al

in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association [=JAVMA] (2002), 221

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See detailIntranasal oxytocin in obsessive-compulsive disorder
Ansseau, Marc ULg; Legros, Jean-Jacques ULg; Mormont, Christian ULg et al

in Psychoneuroendocrinology (1987), 12

Detailed reference viewed: 32 (9 ULg)