Browsing
     by title


0-9 A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

or enter first few letters:   
OK
Peer Reviewed
See detailImpact of storage at 4°C on the study of sludge drying emissions
Fraikin, Laurent ULg; Herbreteau, Benjamin; Chaucherie, Xavier et al

Conference (2010, September)

Detailed reference viewed: 55 (23 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailImpact of storage duration on the emissions of ammonia and VOC during the convective drying of urban residual sludges
Fraikin, Laurent ULg; Herbreteau, Benjamin; Chaucherie, Xavier et al

in Tsotsas, E.; Metzger, T.; Peglow, M. (Eds.) Proceedings of IDS 2010 - Drying 2010 (2010, October)

Detailed reference viewed: 81 (20 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailImpact of Storage Duration on the Gaseous Emissions during Convective Drying of Urban Residual Sludges
Fraikin, Laurent ULg; Salmon, Thierry ULg; Herbreteau, B. et al

in Chemical Engineering and Technology (2011), 34(7), 1172--1176

Detailed reference viewed: 76 (45 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailImpact of strenous exercise on the release of cardiac biomarkers
LE GOFF, Caroline ULg; MELON, Pierre ULg; Kaux, Jean-François ULg et al

in Meeusen, R; Duchateau, J; Roelands, B (Eds.) et al Book of Abstracts of the 17th annual Congress of the ECSS (2012, July)

Background: Cardiac troponins (cTn) are considered as the best biomarkers for detection of myocardial cell injury and NT-proBNP as the best for the cardiac insufficiency. In this study, cTnT was measured ... [more ▼]

Background: Cardiac troponins (cTn) are considered as the best biomarkers for detection of myocardial cell injury and NT-proBNP as the best for the cardiac insufficiency. In this study, cTnT was measured by new commercially available high-sensitive methods in subjects undergoing the Maasmarathon. Our aim was to compare cTnT and NT-proBNP levels in sportive subjects before and after a strenuous exercise. Materials and Methods: Twenty eight subjects (26 ♂, 42.5±11yo) underwent a race of 42.195 kilometers between Visé (Belgium) and Maastricht (The Netherlands). We drowned blood samples before (T0), just after (T1) and three hours after the race (T3). For all patients, cTnT concentrations were measured by high sensitive methods (hsTnT, Roche Diagnostics) on heparin plasma. The NT-proBNP was also determined with the kit Roche on heparin plasma. The protocol was approved by the ethics committee of the University of Liège (Belgium). All subjects gave their informed consent. All statistical analyses were performed using Medcalc version 8.1 for Windows. p-value <0.01 was regarded as statistically significant. Results and discussion: A significant difference between hsTnT concentrations at T0 and T1 (p<0.0001) was measured as well as between T0 and T3 (p<0.001) for NT-proBNP, but not between T1 and T3. This observation appeared only after a strenuous exercise but today this type of exercise is not reproduce easier in a laboratory of sport. Moreover, at this moment, nobody knows if these observations would have cardiac consequences at long terms. Conclusions: Measurement of cardiac troponins by high sensitive methods allows detecting significant release of biomarkers from the heart during exercise. The levels of NT-proBNP were found significantly increased but in less extent than TnThs. We think that the TnThs could be an interesting marker in the future to help sport medicine to detect risk of developing a cardiac problem. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 49 (6 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailImpact of strenuous exercise on the release of cardiac biomarkers
LE GOFF, Caroline ULg; MELON, Pierre ULg; Kaux, Jean-François ULg et al

in Biochimica Clinica (2013, May), 37(SS), 545

Background: Cardiac troponins (cTn) are considered as the best biomarkers for detection of myocardial cell injury and NT-proBNP as the best for the cardiac insufficiency. In this study, cTnT was measured ... [more ▼]

Background: Cardiac troponins (cTn) are considered as the best biomarkers for detection of myocardial cell injury and NT-proBNP as the best for the cardiac insufficiency. In this study, cTnT was measured by new commercially available high-sensitive methods in subjects un-dergoing the Maasmarathon. Our aim was to compare cTnT and NT-proBNP levels before and after the stress tests, in sportive subjects. Methods: Twenty eight subjects (26 ♂, 42.5±11yo) underwent a race of 42.195 kilometers be-tween Visé (Belgium) and Maastricht (The Netherlands). We drowned blood sample before (T0), just after (T1) and three hours after the race (T3). In all patients, cTnT concentrations were measured by high sensitive methods (hsTnT, Roche Diagnostics) on heparin plasma. The NT-proBNP was also determined with the kit Roche on heparin plasma. The protocol was approved by the ethics committee of the University of Liège (Belgium). All subjects gave their informed consent. All statistical analyses were performed using Medcalc version 8.1 for Windows. p-value <0.01 was regarded as statistically significant. Results: There was a significant difference between hsTnT concentrations at T0 and T1 (p<0.0001), and between T0 and T3 (p<0.001) for NT-proBNP, but not between T1 and T3. This observation appeared only after a strenuous exercise but today this type of exercise is not reproduce easier in a laboratory of sport. Moreover, at this moment, nobody knows if these observations would have cardiac consequences at long terms. Conclusions: Measurement of cardiac troponins by high sensitive methods allows detecting significant release of biomarkers from the heart during exercise. The value of NT-proBNP are also significant but less than TnThs. We think that the TnThs could be an interesting tool in the future to help sport medicine to detect risk of developing a cardiac problem in the future or a sudden death. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 43 (9 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailImpact of successive freezing-thawing cycles on 3-T magnetic resonance images of the digits of isolated equine limbs
Bolen, Géraldine ULg; Haye, Dimitri; Dondelinger, Robert ULg et al

in American Journal of Veterinary Research (2011), 72(6), 780-790

The purpose of this study was to assess the impact of freezing and thawing on MR images of equine feet examined ex vivo. Nine equine cadaver digits were first imaged at room temperature (T0). Among the 9 ... [more ▼]

The purpose of this study was to assess the impact of freezing and thawing on MR images of equine feet examined ex vivo. Nine equine cadaver digits were first imaged at room temperature (T0). Among the 9 digits, 3 (group 1) were imaged in a 3 Tesla MR system after one and after 2 freezing-thawing cycles. Digits of group 1 were thawed in a cold room at 4°C for 36h. Three other digits (group 2) were imaged after one freezing-thawing cycle. Digits of group 2 were thawed in a cold room at 4°C and then rescanned after 24h at room temperature. The last 3 digits (group 3) were scanned after one freezing-thawing cycle. Digits of group 3 were thawed at room temperature for 24h. Sequences used were Spin Echo (SE) T1, Turbo Spin Echo (TSE) T2 and proton density (PD), Short Tau Inversion Recovery (STIR), Double Echo Steady State (DESS), 3D Gradient Echo (GE) T1 and 2D GE T2*. Images obtained on the fresh limbs at room temperature were subjectively compared side by side to images obtained at the different freezing-thawing cycles. A quantitative analysis to assess signal change between examinations was realized by measuring signal to noise ratio (SNR). Visibility and margination of the anatomical structures of the foot and overall image quality were subjectively considered unchanged except for the hoof where the lamina was considered less visible distally after freezing and thawing in the GE T2* and in TSE T2 and PD sequences. Quantitative analysis demonstrated SNR changes in the bone marrow only in the distal phalanx in the SE T1 sequence when the feet were thawed at room temperature. When the feet were thawed in a cold room at 4°C, bone marrow SNR changes were present in the SE T1, GE T1 and TSE PD sequences. Signal changes were significant in the synovial recess when the thawing process was made at 4°C and not when the thawing process was at ambient temperature. The soft tissue structures and the hoof capsule showed significant changes with an increase of SNR, except in STIR, after freezing and thawing at 4°C and at room temperature. SNR changes in the soft tissues were mainly present in GE sequences. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 56 (16 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailThe Impact of Surface Higher Order Differentiability in Two-dimensional Contact Elements
Nguyen, Duc Tue ULg; RAUCHS, Gast; Ponthot, Jean-Philippe ULg

in Journal of Computational & Applied Mathematics (2013), 246

The aim of this work is to propose new contact elements of higher order of differentiability for analysing two-dimensional frictionless contact problems. Several methods were proposed in the literature to ... [more ▼]

The aim of this work is to propose new contact elements of higher order of differentiability for analysing two-dimensional frictionless contact problems. Several methods were proposed in the literature to solve the problem caused by the lack of continuity resulting from the discretization. Among them are Bézier interpolation, Hermitian interpolation and splines. One of the difficulties in using Hermitian interpolation is to verify the partition of unity. Therefore, new elements that satisfy the C1 and C2 continuity at the interface are presented in this paper. These new contact elements are based on Hermitian polynomials for ensuring a higher order of continuity. The advantage is that this approach can be easily developed not only for linear elements but also for quadratic elements with higher order of differentiability. The performance of different surface representations is assessed through a comparison with a C0 surface discretization. Some numerical examples are used for assessing the accuracy and the convergence behaviour [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 32 (4 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailImpact of surface properties of lactic acid bacteria on the stability of emulsions
Ly, M. H.; Waché, Y.; Bouchez-Naïtali, M. et al

in Proceedings of the 2nd Mercosur Congress on Chemical Engineering – ENPROMER and 4th Mercosur Congress on Process Systems Engineering (2005, August)

Bacteria have physicochemical surface properties which depend on the chemical composition of the cell surface. These characters proceed from several type of physicochemical interactions and are involved ... [more ▼]

Bacteria have physicochemical surface properties which depend on the chemical composition of the cell surface. These characters proceed from several type of physicochemical interactions and are involved in attachment processes of microorganisms to surfaces. Thus they are of interest in several areas, as biomedicine, formation of biofilms and adhesion to apolar surfaces. Moreover, food matrix are complex heterogeneous media, which structure settles on interaction forces between molecules (van der Waals, electrostatic or structural forces…). When bacteria are present in a matrix, it is probable that their surface interacts with the other constituents. So far, few studies have mentioned this subject. In order to understand the involvement of cells surface properties in a food matrix, the effect of surface properties of lactic bacteria on the stability of model emulsions were studied. The results showed that the choice of a bacterium according to its surface properties may have a strong impact on the stability and on the behavior of an emulsion. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 19 (0 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailImpact of surfactants on the biotransformation of methyl ricinoleate into γ-decalactone by Yarrowia lipolytica
Aguedo, Mario ULg; Waché, Y.; Coste, F. et al

in Journal of Molecular Catalysis B : Enzymatic (2004), 29(1-6), 31-36

Surfactants play a key role in the biotechnological degradation of hydrophobic substrates, however this role is often misunderstood. During the biotransformation of methyl ricinoleate into the aroma ... [more ▼]

Surfactants play a key role in the biotechnological degradation of hydrophobic substrates, however this role is often misunderstood. During the biotransformation of methyl ricinoleate into the aroma compound γ-decalactone by the yeast Yarrowia lipolytica, a direct contact occurs between the surface of the cells and the small droplets of substrate. The impact of a series of surfactants on this process was investigated. Both ionic surfactants tested were toxic towards the yeast. This effect may be linked to a decrease in the cell membrane integrity. The interfacial area of the emulsion varied according to the non-ionic surfactant used, and this factor was correlated with the productivity of the biotransformation. By evaluating the effect of surfactants on the capacity of the cells to adhere to decane (MATH test), it was shown that the adhesion of methyl ricinoleate on yeast surface is not a rate-limiting point for the process. © 2004 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 14 (0 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailThe impact of teacher's dysphonia on children's skills to treat the spoken language
Morsomme, Dominique ULg; MINEL, Laura; Verduyckt, Ingrid ULg

Conference (2011, August 31)

The high prevalence of voice disorders among teachers is known (Roy et al, 2004). Authors (Morton et al, 2001, Rogerson et al, 2005) have shown the impact of a hoarse voice in teachers on student ... [more ▼]

The high prevalence of voice disorders among teachers is known (Roy et al, 2004). Authors (Morton et al, 2001, Rogerson et al, 2005) have shown the impact of a hoarse voice in teachers on student performance. Our aim is to analyze how 68 students (mean age: 8 years 5 months) processes dysphonic speech on a language comprehension task (MCQ on a short story) and on a minimal pair discrimination task (alike/not alike). Our hypothesis is that student performance will change depending on the modality of the tasks: dysphonic versus normophonic voice. Our results: For both the comprehension and the discrimination tasks, the scores of the students were significantly lower in the dysphonic voice modality (F (1,67) = 11.83, p <0.05) regardless of gender, the order of voice presentation and type of school. Moreover, we observe a greater effect of the dysphonic voice modality in the discrimination task (F (1,67) = 9.52, p <0.05). Thus the dysphonic voice disturbs the students the most in the process of discriminating between two isolated words. recognition of isolated words. Finally, when children judge the dysphonic voices, their comments are mostly slighting (98.33%). To conclude, these results support the necessity to prevent voice disorders among teachers and to create specific voice care programmes. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 11 (0 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailIMPACT OF TEACHERS’ VOICE QUALITY ON CHILDREN’S LANGUAGE
Morsomme, Dominique ULg; Minel, Laura; Verduyckt, Ingrid

in VOCOLOGIE: stem en stemstoornissen (2011)

Teachers are a professional group highly exposed to dysphonia, the accumulation of a high vocal demand and detrimental working environments are auspicious to the development of vocal disorders. Yet, the ... [more ▼]

Teachers are a professional group highly exposed to dysphonia, the accumulation of a high vocal demand and detrimental working environments are auspicious to the development of vocal disorders. Yet, the voice of a teacher is his main tool for conveying knowledge to his students, thus a teacher’s voice is of highest value. Recent studies have shown that altered vocal quality have an adverse impact on listeners’ speech processing skills. The objective of our study was to investigate the impact of dysphonic voice on the speech processing skills of 68 eight-year-old children on a text comprehension task and on a minimal pair discrimination task. Children were tested preliminarily according to their auditory attention skills and their lexical and phrasal skills. Children listened to a female voice that read a text and a list of minimal pairs first in a normal voice and then in a dysphonic voice. Their comprehension of the text was evaluated by their score at seven questions about the text and their discrimination score was defined according to the number of correctly discriminated pairs. Results show that dysphonic voice quality lowers the score of all children, regardless of age, gender or language processing skills and across both tasks (p < 0,05); the negative effect of the dysphonic voice quality is more marked on the discrimination task (p < 0,05). The results of this study clearly advocate for the prevention of voice disorders in teachers [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 327 (13 ULg)
See detailImpact of the alkyl chain carbon atom number of uronic acid-derivative surfactants on interfacial and colloidal systems
Razafindralambo, Hary ULg; Richard, Gaetan ULg; Laurent, Pascal ULg et al

Poster (2012, March 26)

Uronic acid-derivative surfactants represent today an attractive group of Carbohydrate-based amphiphilic compounds for both fundamental and practical reasons [1,2]. In the continuity of our screening of ... [more ▼]

Uronic acid-derivative surfactants represent today an attractive group of Carbohydrate-based amphiphilic compounds for both fundamental and practical reasons [1,2]. In the continuity of our screening of their basic properties, and the approach in establishing relationships between their structure and properties [3,4], the impact of the alkyl chain carbon atom number on interfacial and colloidal systems has been systematically investigated. In this communication, the effect of odd-even number of carbon atom from C11 to C18, and the particular behavior of long chain derivatives on interfacial properties, as well as their impact on the formation and stability of colloidal systems, are presented. Experimental approaches have been conducted by investigating their properties and behaviors at gas-liquid and liquid-liquid under dynamic, equilibrium, and oscillatory interfacial conditions. Results are completed by and discussed with single molecule models established by theoretical approaches. [1] Razafindralambo, H.;Blecker, C.; Paquot, M., Screening of Basic Properties of Amphiphilic Molecular Structures for Colloidal System Formation and Stability. In Amphiphiles: Molecular Assembly and Applications, American Chemical Society: 2011; Vol. 1070, pp 53-66. [2] Laurent, P.; Razafindralambo, H.; Wathelet, B.; Blecker, C.; Wathelet, J.; Paquot, M., Synthesis and Surface-Active Properties of Uronic Amide Derivatives, Surfactants from Renewable Organic Raw Materials. J. Surfactants Deterg. 2011, 14, 51-63. [3] Razafindralambo, H.; Richel, A.; Wathelet, B.; Blecker, C.; Wathelet, J.; Brasseur, R.; Lins, L.; Miñones, J.; Paquot, M., Monolayer properties of uronic acid bicatenary derivatives at the air-water interface: effect of hydroxyl group stereochemistry evidenced by experimental and computational approaches. Physical chemistry chemical physics: PCCP 2011, 13 15291-15298. [4] Razafindralambo, H.; Blecker, C.; Mezdour, S.; Deroanne, C.; Crowet, J.; Brasseur,R.; Lins, L.; Paquot, M., Impacts of the Carbonyl Group Location of Ester Bond on Interfacial Properties of Sugar-Based Surfactants: Experimental and Computational Evidences. The journal of physical chemistry. B 2009, 113, 8872-8877. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 54 (20 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailImpact of the amount of straw on emissions of ammonia and greenhouse gases associated with fattening pigs kept on deep litter
Philippe, François-Xavier ULg; Laitat, Martine ULg; Wavreille, José et al

in Proceedings of the 3rd Scientific Meeting of the Faculty of Veterinary Medicine (2013)

Detailed reference viewed: 12 (0 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailImpact of the Asian ladybeetles’ invasions on agro-ecosystems (Belgium)
Vandereycken, Axel ULg; Durieux, Delphine ULg; Joie, Emilie ULg et al

Conference (2010, September 23)

Detailed reference viewed: 18 (7 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailImpact of the attenuation and scatter correction methods on hot and cold contrasts obtained with the Philips Gemini PET-scanner.
Seret, Alain ULg; Nguyen, T.; Bernard, Claire ULg

in European Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging (2006), 33(S2), 316

Detailed reference viewed: 24 (5 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailImpact of the Crystallinity on the Physical Properties of Inulin during Water Sorption
Ronkart, Sebastien N; Paquot, Michel ULg; Blecker, Christophe ULg et al

in Food Biophysics (2009), 4(1), 49-58

The impact of the crystallinity of spray-dried inulins on their stability and physical properties was investigated after a conditioning of 1 week at different relative humidity levels (0% to 94%) at 20 A ... [more ▼]

The impact of the crystallinity of spray-dried inulins on their stability and physical properties was investigated after a conditioning of 1 week at different relative humidity levels (0% to 94%) at 20 A degrees C. An environmental scanning electron microscopy study showed that the amorphous powders hardened at a relative humidity storage between 59% and 75%; while their semi-crystalline counterparts were partially agglomerated but friable in the same conditions. Caking was observed when the glass transition temperature of the amorphous phase of the material dropped below the storage temperature of the powder. It resulted in a crystallization of the structural units of varying lengths composing inulin, but also an increase of the crystallinity of the semi-crystalline ones. This study showed the importance of the crystallinity of inulin on its stability and physical properties during storage which is of crucial importance for the shelf-life of food and pharmaceutical products in the dry state. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 31 (5 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailImpact of the crystallisation pathway of inulin on its mono-hydrate to hemi-hydrate thermal transition
Ronkart, S. N.; Deroanne, Claude; Paquot, Michel ULg et al

in Food Chemistry (2010), 119(1), 317-322

In this paper, we present the thermal properties of two inulins obtained from different crystallisation pathways. One was obtained by fractional precipitation of a saturated inulin solution and the second ... [more ▼]

In this paper, we present the thermal properties of two inulins obtained from different crystallisation pathways. One was obtained by fractional precipitation of a saturated inulin solution and the second was from the crystallisation of a solid amorphous mulin. The thermal analyses were conducted by temperature resolved wide angle X-ray scattering (TRWAXS), differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) and thermogravimetry (TG). Although at room temperature both inulins presented similar X-ray diffractogram patterns characteristic of the mono-hydrate polymorph, they differed considerably by their thermal properties. During heating, a difference in the mono-hydrate to the hemi-hydrate polymorph transition occurred. Thermogravimetric analysis suggested a difference in the water mobility inside the material which had an impact on the thermal properties and hydrate transition of the crystalline inulin. (C) 2009 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 58 (10 ULg)
Full Text
See detailImpact of the crystallisation pathway of inulin on its mono-hydrate to hemi-hydrate thermal transition
Ronkart, Sébastien; Deroanne, Claude; Paquot, Michel ULg et al

Poster (2010, March 22)

Inulin plays a major role in the food industry as dietary fibre, bulking agent and fat or sugar substitute. Thermal properties of two inulins obtained from different crystallisation pathways were ... [more ▼]

Inulin plays a major role in the food industry as dietary fibre, bulking agent and fat or sugar substitute. Thermal properties of two inulins obtained from different crystallisation pathways were investigated. The first one, was obtained by fractional precipitation of a saturated inulin solution (40/120). The second one, came from a solid amorphous inulin (95/120). These two inulins were spray dried with an inlet air temperature of 120°C. Then, these powders were placed into controlled atmosphere conditions at 0 % HR during one week and at 94% during the same time. Finally the two inulins were called 40/120/94% and 95/120/94% and their thermal properties were investigated by Wide angle X-ray scattering (WAXS), differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), temperature resolved wide angle X-ray scattering (TRWAXS) and thermogravimetry (TGA).Although WAXS did not show any difference between the two inulin, thermal analysis revealed the existence of a hemi-hydratate inulin (40/120/94%). This fact has an implication on the processing of the powder at an industrial level. Indeed, 40/120/94% has shown an agglomeration whereas 95/120/94% was a continuous mass. In other words, polymorphism of inulin crystals induces technofunctionality changes of the powder (hygroscopy, solubility, etc.) which could have an impact during processing or formulation of the powder. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 46 (13 ULg)