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See detailIron metabolism and erythropoiesis after surgery.
van Iperen, C. E.; Kraaijenhagen, Rob J.; Biesma, D. H. et al

in British Journal of Surgery (1998), 85(1), 41-5

BACKGROUND: This was a prospective study comparing the effect of major and minor surgery on haematological variables concerning erythropoiesis, iron metabolism and acute-phase response proteins. METHODS ... [more ▼]

BACKGROUND: This was a prospective study comparing the effect of major and minor surgery on haematological variables concerning erythropoiesis, iron metabolism and acute-phase response proteins. METHODS: Thirty-one otherwise healthy patients, 15 having major orthopaedic surgery and 16 undergoing minor surgery, were studied. Blood samples were taken before surgery and 1, 4, 10 and 28 days after operation. RESULTS: Haemoglobin concentration was decreased for up to 4 weeks after surgery. Serum erythropoietin concentration and reticulocyte count were raised after major surgery only. Serum iron concentration dropped the day after major (to 23 per cent of its preoperative level) and minor (to 46 per cent of its preoperative level) surgery and remained lower for up to 28 days after major surgery. Serum transferrin concentration and transferrin saturation decreased after both types of surgery while ferritin concentration increased. Serum transferrin receptor concentration increased only 4 weeks after major surgery (P < 0.01). The interleukin 6 peak (day 1) was greater after major than minor surgery, as was the C-reactive protein peak (day 4). CONCLUSION: Both major and minor surgery induce a state of hypoferraemia in the presence of adequate iron stores. The degree of this transient form of 'anaemia of chronic disease' is related to the extent of surgery. Iron supplementation in the first weeks after surgery (if iron stores were normal before operation) is ineffective. [less ▲]

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See detailIron microbial communities in Belgian Frasnian carbonate mounds
Boulvain, Frédéric ULg; De Ridder, C.; Mamet, B. et al

in Facies (2001), 44

The Belgian Frasnian carbonate mounds occur in three stratigraphic levels in an overall backstepping succession. Petit-Mont and Arche Members form the famous red and grey “marble” exploited for ornamental ... [more ▼]

The Belgian Frasnian carbonate mounds occur in three stratigraphic levels in an overall backstepping succession. Petit-Mont and Arche Members form the famous red and grey “marble” exploited for ornamental stone since Roman times. The evolution and distribution of the facies in the mounds is thought to be associated with ecologic evolution and relative sea-level fluctuations. Iron oxides exist in five forms in the Frasnian mounds; four are undoubtedly endobiotic organized structures: (1) microstromatolites and associated forms (blisters, veils...), possibly organized in “endostromatolites”; (2) hematitic coccoids and (3) non dichotomic filaments. The filaments resemble iron bacteria of the Sphaerotilus- Leptothrix "group"; (4) networks of dichotomic filaments ascribable to fungi; (5) a red ferruginous pigment dispersed in the calcareous matrix whose distribution is related to the mound facies type. The endobiotic forms developed during the edification of the mounds, before cementation by fibrous calcite. The microbial precipitation of iron took place as long as the developing mounds were bathed by water impoverished in oxygen. [less ▲]

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See detailIron microbial mats in Modern and Phanerozoic environments
Baele, J. M.; Boulvain, Frédéric ULg; De Jong, J. et al

in Instruments, Methods and Missions for Astrobioçlogy- Proc. of SPIE (2008), 7097

The recognition of iron microbial mats in terrestrial environments is of great relevance for the search for extraterrestrial life, especially on mars where significant iron minerals were identified in the ... [more ▼]

The recognition of iron microbial mats in terrestrial environments is of great relevance for the search for extraterrestrial life, especially on mars where significant iron minerals were identified in the subsurface. Most researches focused on very ancient microbial mats (e.g. BIFs) since they formed on Earth at a time where similar conditions are supposed to have prevailed on Mars too. However, environmental proxies are often difficult to use for these deposits on Earth which, in addition, may be heavily transformed due to diagenesis or even metamorphism. Here we present modern and phanerozoic iron microbial mats occurrences illustrating the wide variety of environments in which they form, including many marine settings, ponds, creeks, caves, volcanoes, etc. Contrarily to their Precambrian counterparts, Modern and Phanerozoic deposits are usually less affected by diagenesis and the environmental conditions likely to be better constrained. Therefore, their investigation may help for the search for morphological and geochemical biosignatures (e.g. iron isotopes) in ancient iron microbial occurrences on Earth but also on other Planets. In particular, many of the case studies presented here show that microstromatolithe-like morphologies may be valuable targets for screening potential biosignatures in various rock types. [less ▲]

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See detailIron monitoring under vitamin C therapy in hemodialysed patients treated with erythropoietin
Bovy, Christophe ULg; Dubois, Bernard ULg; Weekers, Laurent ULg et al

in Nephrology Dialysis Transplantation (2000), 15(9), 156

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See detailIron Oxidation and Deposition in the Biofilm Covering Montacuta ferruginosa (Mollusca, Bivalvia).
Gillan, D.; Warnau, M.; De Vrind-De Jong, E. W. et al

in Geomicrobiology Journal (2000), 17(2), 141-150

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See detailIron oxide deposits associated with the ectosymbiotic bacteria in the hydrothermal vent shrimp Rimicaris exoculata
Corbari, Laure; Cambon-Bonavita, Marie-Anne; Long, Gary et al

in Biogeosciences (2008), 5

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See detailIron oxide-rich rocks in Palaeolithic context: Middle Stone Age of Africa and Late Mousterian in France
Salomon, Hélène ULg; Coquinot, Yvan

Scientific conference (2012)

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See detailIron production in the region of Liège in the Middle Age: Contribution of slag inclusions analyses
Mertens, Anne ULg; Mathis, François ULg; DILLMANN, Philiippe et al

Conference (2009, February)

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See detailIron status in runners of various running specialities
Mouton, G.; Sluse, Francis ULg; Bertrand, A. et al

in Archives Internationales de Physiologie et de Biochimie (1990), 98

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See detailIron study during a time series in the western Weddell pack ice
Lannuzel, Delphine; Schoemann, Veronique; de Jong, Jeroen et al

in Marine Chemistry (2008), 108(1-2), 85-95

Samples of sea ice, snow, brine and underlying seawater were collected in the western Weddell pack ice at the ISPOL drifting station (Ice Station POLarstern, 68 degrees S/55 degrees W) in spring-summer ... [more ▼]

Samples of sea ice, snow, brine and underlying seawater were collected in the western Weddell pack ice at the ISPOL drifting station (Ice Station POLarstern, 68 degrees S/55 degrees W) in spring-summer period (November 2004-January 2005). Total-dissolvable, dissolved and particulate Fe concentrations in the sea ice environment were determined every 5 days during the time series, together with relevant physical, chemical and biological parameters. From 29 November to 30 December, a decrease in all forms of Fe measured was observed, likely to be the result of enhanced ice permeability as summer proceeds. At the beginning of the time series, melting of the upper ice layer took place together with brine drainage process. This would enable the seeding of Fe from the ice matrix towards the upper water column below. 70% of this Fe was supplied during the first 10 days of the survey, while the ice cover is still present. Flux estimates from the sampled area furthermore highlight the relevant role of the pack ice in the biogeochemical cycle of Fe in the western Weddell Sea. (C) 2007 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. [less ▲]

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See detailIron(III) species dispersed in porous silica through sol-gel chemistry
Heinrichs, Benoît ULg; Rebbouh, Leila; Geus, John W et al

in Journal of Non-Crystalline Solids (2008), 354(2-9), 665-672

Fe/SiO2 catalysts have been prepared by two different sol-gel methods, cogelation and dissolution. The cogelation and dissolution preparative methods lead to xerogels with fundamentally different pore ... [more ▼]

Fe/SiO2 catalysts have been prepared by two different sol-gel methods, cogelation and dissolution. The cogelation and dissolution preparative methods lead to xerogels with fundamentally different pore width distributions. The nature of the iron species obtained has been examined in detail by UN-visible and Mossbauer spectroscopy, and magnetic, transmission electron microscopy, and X-ray diffraction studies. There is no evidence for the presence of any ordered iron(III) oxides in the samples but all three contain two types of iron species, specifically paramagnetic high-spin iron(III) ions isolated in silica and iron(III) containing nanoparticles with a broad width distribution centered on 1.5 nm, nanoparticles that contain antiferromagnetically coupled clusters of a few ligated bridged iron(III) ions. (C) 2007 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. [less ▲]

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See detailIron(III) species dispersed in porous silica through sol-gel chemistry: nature, size, and catalytic activity
Heinrichs, Benoît ULg; Rebbouh, Leila; Geus, John W. et al

Conference (2006)

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See detailIron-manganese phosphates with the olivine- and alluaudite-type structures : crystal chemistry and applications
Hatert, Frédéric ULg

in Krivovichev, Sergey (Ed.) Mineral as Advanced Materials II (2012)

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See detailIron-manganese phosphates with the olivine- and alluaudite-type structures: crystal chemistry and applications
Hatert, Frédéric ULg

in Minerals as Advanced Materials II, Abstract Book (2010)

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See detailIron-Titanium oxide minerals in the Bjerkrem-Sogndal massif, south-western Norway
Duchesne, Jean-Clair ULg

in Journal of Petrology (1972), 13(1), 57-81

Ilmenite and magnetite are investigated from the point of view of their distribution, micro-texture, and chemical composition (major and minor elements) in the Bjerkreim-Sokndal massif (Egersund area ... [more ▼]

Ilmenite and magnetite are investigated from the point of view of their distribution, micro-texture, and chemical composition (major and minor elements) in the Bjerkreim-Sokndal massif (Egersund area, South-Rogaland, SW. Norway). This massif is an igneous layered lopolith made up of cumulates of the anorthosite-mangerite suite. The lower part of the massif presents a rhytmic structure. The microtextures of ilmenite result from simple exsolution of ilmenite-hematite solid solution. Magnetite contains intergrowths of ilmenite formed by oxidation-exsolution of ulvöspinel-magnetite solid-solution. In the stratigraphic sequence, on a large scale, ilmenite appears first alone, and is then accompanied by magnetite; its hematite content decreases towards the top of the massif, while the titanium content of the magnetite increases. On the scale of the rhythms, similar trends but of a lesser amplitude are also observed. Evidence of deuteric readjustment of the orthomagmatic composition of the two oxides is provided (1) by the observation of microtextures at the contact betwen grains (zoning of primary ilmenite and rim of secondary ilmenite) (2) by the existence of differences in chemical composition between isolated grains and grains in contact, and (3) bythe determination of the equilibrium temperature by means of the Buddington and Lindsley geothermonmeter. Reconstruction of the T-fO2 orthomagmatic conditions is provided in two particular levels of the massif shows that the reducing character of the magma increases during differentiation. The sudden changes in the oxide assembalge at the base of the rythmic units reflect a sudden increase in the fO2 of the magma. These increases, as shown by variation in Cr, Ni and Co, are due to recurrences of the basic character of the magma. The variations of the minor elements Mn, V, Ga, and Zn are interpreted in terms of the influence of the deuteric readjustment. It follows that the ratios Mn/Fe2+ ; Ga/Fe3+, and Zn/Fe2+ increase and that the ratio V/Fe3+ decreases in the magma in the course of differentiation. The distribution of Mn between ilmenite and magnetite is discussed. Intermittent supplies of undifferentiated magma are proposed as the geological mechanism controlling the chemical recurrencess associated with the rhythmic structure. [less ▲]

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See detailIronia e dissacrazione attraverso l’ekphrasis negli studi del Gattopardo
de Seta, Ilaria ULg

in Oblio – Osservatorio Bibliografico della Letteratura Italiana Otto-novecentesca (2012), II(8), 27-37

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See detailL’ironie dans Ounamon : les emplois de mk et de ptr
Winand, Jean ULg

in Göttinger Miszellen (2004), (200), 105-110

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