Browsing
     by title


0-9 A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

or enter first few letters:   
OK
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailInfluence of cholesterol on survival after stroke. Cholesterol may be marker of inflammation.
VALDES SOCIN, Hernan Gonzalo ULg

in BMJ (Clinical Research ed.) (1997), 315(7116), 1159

Detailed reference viewed: 10 (7 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailInfluence of circadian rhythm and PER3 genotype on executive discriminative ability under sleep deprivation during a constant routine
Jaspar, Mathieu ULg; Meyer, Christelle ULg; Muto, Vincenzo ULg et al

Conference (2013, August 12)

Maintaining optimal performance during a working memory task requires not only to detect target items but also to discard fillers. Following signal detection theory, the ability to discriminate target ... [more ▼]

Maintaining optimal performance during a working memory task requires not only to detect target items but also to discard fillers. Following signal detection theory, the ability to discriminate target from non-target stimuli is estimated by d prime (d'). Here we assessed whether d' was modulated by the oscillating circadian signal during a 42-hour constant routine while participants performed 13 sessions of auditory 3-back task. We also tested whether the individual vulnerability to sleep loss predicted by the PERIOD3 gene polymorphism would influence this cognitive modulation imposed by sleep/wake regulation. From a sample of about 400 screened volunteers, thirty-five healthy young volunteers (age 19-26; 17 females) were recruited based on the PER3 polymorphism (twelve 5/5 and twenty-three 4/4 homozygotes). A linear mixed model tested on d’ the effect of circadian rhythmicity (based on melatonin level) and PER3 polymorphism. Given that 3back sessions were not administered at equidistant points, we used ranges to center each individual performance on dim light melatonin onset (DLMO). Analyses on d’ showed an effect of circadian oscillation (F(12,302) = 16.05, p< 0.0001), but also an interaction between gene and circadian oscillation (F(12,302)=1,88, p = 0.0362). This interaction was mainly characterized by a worst d’ in PER35/5subjects in the range covering a period between 21 and 23 hours after the DLMO (W=47; p = 0.0426). These results showed that circadian rhythm influence the discriminative ability under constant routine condition. Interestingly, we observed a better performance in PER34/4in the phase preceding the DLMO, but only in situation of high sleep pressure. Those results show that discriminative ability is differently affect by sleep homeostasis in PER3 polymorphism at the same circadian phase. We interpret this as a bigger vulnerability to sleep loss in PER35/5individuals in the period just before the wake maintenance zone. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 6 (2 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailInfluence of cisplatin-use, age, performance status and duration of chemotherapy on symptom control in advanced non-small cell lung cancer: detailed symptom analysis of a randomised study comparing cisplatin-vindesine to gemcitabine
Vansteenkiste, J.; Vandebroek, J.; Nackaerts, K. et al

in Lung Cancer (2003), 40(2), 191-199

Background: We previously reported that treatment of patients with symptomatic advanced non-small cell lung cancer with single agent Gemcitabine (GEM) resulted in a superior clinical-benefit response rate ... [more ▼]

Background: We previously reported that treatment of patients with symptomatic advanced non-small cell lung cancer with single agent Gemcitabine (GEM) resulted in a superior clinical-benefit response rate (RR) compared to cisplatin-based combination chemotherapy. We now report the detailed individual symptom control analysis, and the influence of cisplatin-use, age, performance status (PS) and duration of treatment. Patients and methods: Patients received either GEM (1000 mg/m(2), days 1, 8 and 15) or cisplatin (100 mg/m(2), day 1) plus Vindesine (3 mg/m(2), days 1 and 15) (PV), both every 4 weeks. Scores of 9 symptoms were listed weekly by the patient on visual analogue scales. Improvement of a symptom was defined as 2 consecutive cycles of improvement over baseline. Results: Baseline symptoms in the 169 patients were well balanced between the 2 arms (84 GEM, 85 PV). Both patients with objective response and disease stabilisation had clearly better symptom control than those with disease progression. Symptom control in both arms was similar for 'disease-specific' symptoms such as cough, dyspnea, pain or haemoptysis. Compared to PV, a significantly larger number of GEM-patients had better scores for 'constitutional' items such as anorexia (P = 0.007), ability to carry on with daily activities (P = 0.04) and overall impression of quality-of-life (P = 0.008). Symptom control was very similar in younger (< 65 years) versus older (> 65 years) patients, and only slightly better in those with a Karnofsky PS greater than or equal to 80% compared to those < 80%. Most of the symptom improvement occurred in the first 3 cycles, with some further symptom improvement in the following cycles in the GEM-arm only. Conclusions: Both GEM and PV yield a symptom control rate much higher than expected by the objective tumour RR. GEM is equally effective in controlling 'disease-specific' symptoms, but superior in controlling 'constitutional' symptoms. Most of the symptom control was achieved during the first 3 cycles of treatment, with some further improvement thereafter in the GEM-arm only. (C) 2002 Elsevier Science Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 10 (1 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailInfluence of classical resonances on chaotic tunneling
Mouchet, Amaury; Eltschka, Christopher; Schlagheck, Peter ULg

in Physical Review. E : Statistical, Nonlinear, and Soft Matter Physics (2006), 74(2),

Dynamical tunneling between symmetry-related stable modes is studied in the periodically driven pendulum. We present strong evidence that the tunneling process is governed by nonlinear resonances that ... [more ▼]

Dynamical tunneling between symmetry-related stable modes is studied in the periodically driven pendulum. We present strong evidence that the tunneling process is governed by nonlinear resonances that manifest within the regular phase-space islands on which the stable modes are localized. By means of a quantitative numerical study of the corresponding Floquet problem, we identify the trace of such resonances not only in the level splittings between near-degenerate quantum states, where they lead to prominent plateau structures, but also in overlap matrix elements of the Floquet eigenstates, which reveal characteristic sequences of avoided crossings in the Floquet spectrum. The semiclassical theory of resonance-assisted tunneling yields good overall agreement with the quantum-tunneling rates, and indicates that partial barriers within the chaos might play a prominent role. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 11 (1 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailInfluence of clay in limestone fillers for self compacting cement based composites
Courard, Luc ULg; Michel, Frédéric ULg; Piérard, Julie

in Construction & Building Materials (2011), 25

High workability together with a good resistance to segregation is needed for cement based composites, specifically fresh Self-Compacting Mortars (SCM); in this prospect, the amount of coarse materials ... [more ▼]

High workability together with a good resistance to segregation is needed for cement based composites, specifically fresh Self-Compacting Mortars (SCM); in this prospect, the amount of coarse materials has to be reduced and replaced by fine material. Several limestone fillers are here compared and analysed. These by-products are issued from different industrial sectors, such as the aggregate and lime production industry (quarrying operations) and the ornamental stones industry (sawing operations). Particular attention has been paid to clay content, as consistency of fresh mortars was varying, while other physical characteristics like granulometry remained the same. Relationship between the physico-chemical properties of the fillers and the properties of fresh and hardened mortars are brought forward. Even if it may affect fresh properties of mortars, results clearly show that clay type and content has minor influence than limestone filler itself. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 80 (10 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailInfluence of coal characteristics on laser-induced plasmas
Chen, Wen; Lu, Jidong; Yu, Liangying et al

in Journal of Applied Optics (2006), 27(3), 216-219

Eight kinds of typical coal samples were chosen for studying the influence of coal characteristics on laser—induced plasmas.Element analysis and industry analysis were carried out for every ... [more ▼]

Eight kinds of typical coal samples were chosen for studying the influence of coal characteristics on laser—induced plasmas.Element analysis and industry analysis were carried out for every sample.Experimental study on the interaction between laser and different coal samples was completed,and factors affecting laser plasma were analyzed,such as coal moisture and coal dust.The experiment result indicates that the coal samples with different coalification degrees have different plasma time—resolved spectral characteristics,all of them tend to rise at the beginning of plasma formation (< 1us),then with the decay of plasmas emission.they tend to decrease in about 1us,while secondary ionization occurs in highly coalificated coals after 2 us.The plasma temperature differs from one kind to another,the higher the coalification degree is,the higher the plasma temperature will be. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 14 (1 ULg)
Full Text
See detailThe influence of cobalt-coordination on cobalt-mediated radical polymerization of vinyl monomers
Debuigne, Antoine ULg; Piette, Yasmine ULg; Poli, Rinaldo et al

Poster (2009, March 19)

Nowadays, polymers are a part of everyday life. Researchers encouraged by growing need in high performance polymers develop new synthesis tools to manage the molecular architecture and thus the polymer ... [more ▼]

Nowadays, polymers are a part of everyday life. Researchers encouraged by growing need in high performance polymers develop new synthesis tools to manage the molecular architecture and thus the polymer properties. In this context, CRP (Controlled Radical Polymerization) techniques have been developed to obtain well-defined architectures and to control polymer parameters. Among these systems is Cobalt-Mediated Radical Polymerization (CMRP), which is based on the reversible deactivation of the growing radical chains with a cobalt complex, the cobalt (II) bis-acetylacetonate. The interest of this system is not only due to its ability to control the polymerization of very reactive monomers such as vinyl acetate (VAc) and N-vinylpyrrolidone (NVP), but also its peculiar mechanism which exhibits two pathways depending on the polymerization conditions; a reversible termination process and a degenerative chain transfer mechanism. Furthermore, it has been showed that the Co-C strength and thus the polymerization are strongly influenced by the use of some additives, such as water, dimethylformamide, dimethylsulfoxide and pyridine, which coordinate the cobalt free site. In this presentation we report the use of a preformed alkyl-cobalt(III) adduct as initiator for the polymerization of acrylonitrile (AN) and the use of these ligands in the CMRP system to synthesize well-defined poly(vinyl acetate)-b-poly(acrylonitrile) block copolymers. As a conclusion, cobalt-coordination appears today as a unique opportunity to adjust the Co-C bond strength and to push back the bounds of possibilities in terms of macromolecular engineering assisted by CMRP. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 22 (6 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailInfluence of Cocoa Butter Diacylglycerols on the Isothermal Crystallization of Cocoa Butter
DeClercq, Nathalie; Danthine, Sabine ULg; Dewettinck, Koen

Conference (2012, May)

Detailed reference viewed: 25 (3 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailThe influence of cognitive reserve on inter-individual variability in resting-state cerebral metabolism in normal aging
Bastin, Christine ULg; Salmon, Eric ULg; Bahri, Mohamed Ali ULg et al

in Alzheimer's & Dementia : The Journal of the Alzheimer's Association (2012), 8(4), 80-81

Detailed reference viewed: 21 (3 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailThe influence of cognitive reserve on inter-individual variability in resting-state cerebral metabolism in normal aging
Bastin, Christine ULg; Yakushev, Igor; Bahri, Mohamed Ali ULg et al

in Frontiers in Human Neuroscience (2012)

Detailed reference viewed: 30 (5 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailInfluence of collar design on palatal implant primary stability
Bolland, Fabrice; Ronco, Vincent; LAMBERT, France ULg et al

Poster (2007, April)

Detailed reference viewed: 54 (0 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailInfluence of colors on habituation of visual evoked potentials in patients with migraine with aura and in healthy volunteers.
Afra, J; Ambrosini, A; Génicot, Roger ULg et al

in Headache (2000), 40(1), 36-40

OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether colored glasses influence the habituation of visual evoked potentials. BACKGROUND: We have previously shown that during pattern-reversal stimulations lasting 2 minutes ... [more ▼]

OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether colored glasses influence the habituation of visual evoked potentials. BACKGROUND: We have previously shown that during pattern-reversal stimulations lasting 2 minutes the amplitude of the visual evoked potential increases in migraine with and without aura between attacks, whereas it decreases in healthy volunteers. Red light was found to increase visually evoked EEG fast activity only in children with migraine with aura. Wearing rose-tinted glasses for 4 months decreased attack frequency in parallel with a reduction of the visually evoked EEG fast activity. METHODS: We compared the change in amplitude of the visual evoked potential using five different tinted glasses in 12 patients with migraine with aura and in 10 healthy volunteers. During continuous stimulation at 3.1 Hz, five blocks of 50 responses were sequentially averaged using red, yellow, green, blue, and grey glasses and without glasses in a random order and analyzed in terms of latencies and N1-P1 amplitudes. Amplitude changes were calculated for each block by comparison with the first block in every condition and analyzed statistically using Zerbe's method. RESULTS: In healthy volunteers, the visual evoked potential amplitude increased with red glasses compared to without glasses (P = .05) or with green glasses (P = .03). In patients with migraine with aura, no significant difference was detected using colored glasses. Our findings in healthy volunteers are in line with earlier reports of increased excitability of the human visual cortex when exposed to red light. The lack of such a pattern in patients with migraine with aura suggests that the visual cortex is interictally hypoexcitable rather than hyperexcitable, which is consistent with studies of transcranial magnetic stimulation. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 45 (5 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailInfluence of COMT Genotype on Antero-Posterior Cortical Functional Connectivity Underlying Interference Resolution
Jaspar, Mathieu ULg; Manard, Marine ULg; DIDEBERG, Vinciane ULg et al

in Cerebral Cortex (2014)

Genetic variability related to the catechol-O-methyltransferase (COMT) gene (Val158Met) has received increasing attention as a possible modulator of executive functioning and its neural correlates ... [more ▼]

Genetic variability related to the catechol-O-methyltransferase (COMT) gene (Val158Met) has received increasing attention as a possible modulator of executive functioning and its neural correlates. However, this attention has generally centred on the prefrontal cortices because of the well-known direct impact of COMT enzyme on these cerebral regions. In this study, we were interested in the modulating effect of COMT genotype on anterior and posterior brain areas underlying interference resolution during a Stroop task. More specifically, we were interested in the functional connectivity between the right inferior frontal operculum (IFop), an area frequently associated with inhibitory efficiency, and posterior brain regions involved in reading/naming processes (the two main non-executive determinants of the Stroop effect). The Stroop task was administered during fMRI scanning to three groups of 15 young adults divided according to their COMT Val158Met genotype [Val/Val (VV), Val/Met (VM) and Met/Met (MM)]. Results indicate greater activity in the right IFop and the left middle temporal gyrus (MTG) in homozygous VV individuals than in Met allele carriers. In addition, the VV group exhibited stronger positive functional connectivity between these two brain regions and stronger negative connectivity between the right IFop and left lingual gyrus. These results confirm the impact of COMT genotype on frontal function. They also strongly suggest that differences in frontal activity influence posterior brain regions related to a non-executive component of the task. Especially, changes in functional connectivity between anterior and posterior brain areas might correspond to compensatory processes for performing the task efficiently when the available dopamine level is low. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 40 (16 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailInfluence of concentration on equine fresh semen conservation
Ponthier, Jérôme ULg; Bloomaert, Didier; Parrilla Hernandez, Sonia ULg et al

in Reproduction in Domestic Animals (2013, September), 48(suppl1), 85

Detailed reference viewed: 46 (13 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailInfluence of contact resistance on shielding efficiency of shielding gutters for high-voltage cables
Koroglu, S.; Sergeant, P.; V Sabariego, Ruth ULg et al

in IET Electric Power Applications (2011), 5(9), 715-720

The shielding of buried three-phase high-voltage power lines can be done by placing them in conducting ferromagnetic U-shaped gutters covered with plates. In case of a perfect electrical contact between ... [more ▼]

The shielding of buried three-phase high-voltage power lines can be done by placing them in conducting ferromagnetic U-shaped gutters covered with plates. In case of a perfect electrical contact between adjacent gutters and between adjacent cover plates, induced currents in the shield efficiently reduce the magnetic field generated by the cables. As however a perfect contact cannot be guaranteed, in practice, it is useful to quantify the effect of a defective electrical contact on the field reduction. From two-dimensional/three-dimensional finite element computations and experiments, the influence of the contact resistance on the shielding efficiency is investigated, as a function of the ratio of axial length to height of the shield elements. Furthermore, the effect of other parameters on the shielding efficiency is studied: the ratio of axial length to height, a parasitic air gap between the gutter and the cover plate and the type of the shield material. It was found that a low contact resistance deteriorates much more the shielding in case of an aluminium shield than in case of a steel shield. As expected, the effect is larger for shield elements with relatively short axial length with regard to the other dimensions. Nevertheless, the effect remains quite significant for aluminium shields with practically convenient dimensions. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 62 (8 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailInfluence of contact resistance on shielding efficiency of shielding gutters for HV cables
Koroglu, Selim; Sergeant, Peter; V Sabariego, Ruth ULg et al

in Proceedings of the 14th Biennial IEEE Conference on Electromagnetic Field Computation (CEFC2010) (2010)

Shielding of buried three phase high voltage cables can be done by placing the cables in conducting ferromagnetic U-shaped gutters covered by plates. In case of a perfect electrical contact between ... [more ▼]

Shielding of buried three phase high voltage cables can be done by placing the cables in conducting ferromagnetic U-shaped gutters covered by plates. In case of a perfect electrical contact between adjacent gutters and between adjacent cover plates, the induced currents in the shield efficiently reduce the field generated in the vicinity of the cables. However, as a perfect contact cannot be guaranteed, it is useful to quantify the effect of a bad electrical contact on the shielding performance. From 2D FEM, 3D FEM and experiments, it is observed that a bad contact does not influence significantly the shielding if the axial length of the plates is relatively long compared to their other dimensions. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 32 (7 ULg)